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A Journal of the 
Tranfaftions of the Trustees 



For eftablifhing the 



COLONY OF GEORGIA 

In America. w^7^ 



By 

THE RT HON BLE JOHN, EARL OF EGMONT, 

Vifcount Perceval of Canturk, Baron Perceval of Burton, one 

of his Majefty's Mod Privy Council in the Kingdom of 

Ireland, and firft Prefident of the Board 

of Truftees of the Colony 

of Georgia. 



3*4 



NO IV FIRST PRINTED. 



WORMSLOE. 



MDCCCLXXXVI. 



.tf- 






..: 



Co perpetuate t^e )3©emott of 

in connection toitlj t^e branch of ^tetor? 

in tttyiclj 

^e toofc tye deepest interest, 

^te 2»ott) 

^ajs caused to be printed ant) notD Dedicates 

tyte Volume* 



PREFATORY NOTE. 



Non sibi sed aliis was the motto selected by the Trus- 
tees for their corporate seal. This inscription not only pro- 
claimed their disinterested motives and benevolent intentions 
in originating and executing a scheme for the colonization of 

Georgia, but also suggested, in association with other devices, \ 

that the production of silk was classed among the most prof- 
itable employments which would engage the attention of the 
colonists. Prominent among the earliest actors in, and pro- 
moters of, this charitable project were James Oglethorpe and 
John, Viscount Perceval. The former engaged in person to 
conduct the emigrants to their new abode, and to confirm 
their settlements in the ceded lands lying between the Sa- 
vannah and the Alatamaha rivers. The latter, with equal 
zeal, devoted his attention and substance to the administration 
of the Trust in England, and the development at home of an 
enterprise which contemplated the amelioration of the condi- 
tion of honest debtors within the realm, the promotion of 
the security of the Province of South Carolina, and the en- 
largement, in America, of the dominion of the English Crown. 
The names of these Trustees are intimately and honorably asso- 
ciated with a memorable venture which, after years of anxiety, 
perplexity, and honest labor, culminated in the erection of a 
prosperous plantation in the New "World. As in Georgia Gen- 



vi PREFATORY NOTE. 

eral Oglethorpe was the guide, the supervisor, and the defender 
of the undertaking, so, in London, was the First Earl of Eg- 
mont its moving spirit and steadfast friend. 

After becoming a Privy Councillor of Ireland, and sitting 
for several years in the Irish House of Commons, Sir John 
was, by patent dated the 21st of April, 1715, elevated to the 
peerage of that kingdom as Baron Perceval of Burton, County 
Cork, with limitation to the heirs male of his father. On 
the 25th of February, 1722, his Lordship was created Vis- 
count Perceval of Kanturk. In 1732 he was largely instru- 
mental in obtaining from the Crown a charter to colonize the 
Province of Georgia in America, and was chosen the first pres- 
ident of the Board of Trustees selected to inaugurate and 
supervise that colonization. On the 6th of November in the 
following year he was advanced to an Earldom in the Irish 
peerage. His death occurred on the 1st of May, 1748, when 
he had barely completed his sixty-fifth year. 1 

A public-spirited citizen, a statesman of liberal views, a phi- 
lanthropist and a scholar, he was also a good herald and a 
learned genealogist. He used his pen with ease and grace ; 
although, as Walpole observes, "to all his works his Lord- 
ship modestly declined prefixing his name." In commending 
family histories which, like the imagines majorum of the an- 
cients, incite to virtue, Boswell indulges in high praise of 
Sir John's labors in this department, and adds : " It would 
be well if many others would transmit their pedigrees to pos- 
terity with the same accuracy and generous zeal with which 
that noble Lord has honored and perpetuated his ancestry." 
His allusion is to the " History of the House of Yvery," the 
composition and materials of which were largely contributed 
by the First Earl of Egmont. Among the publications which 

1 See Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, p. 359. 12th ed. London, MDCCCL. 



PREFATORY NOTE. vii 

are attributed to him may be enumerated " The great im- 
portance of a religious life ; " "A Dialogue between a Mem- 
ber of the Church of England and a Protestant Dissenter con- 
cerning a repeal of the Test Act ; " " The Question of the 
Precedency of the Peers of Ireland in England fairly stated 
in a letter to an English Lord by a Nobleman of the other 
Kingdom ; " " Remarks upon a scandalous piece intitled a 
Brief Account of the Causes that have retarded the Progress 
of the Colony of Georgia in America," and many letters and 
essays upon moral subjects which appeared in a paper called 
The Weekly Miscellany. At the time of his death, and for 
a considerable period antecedent to that event, he was em- 
ployed upon the preparation of a work portraying the lives 
and characters of men eminent in England both in ancient 
and modern times. 

With the authorship of that valuable and interesting tract, 
" An Impartial Enquiry into the State and Utility of the 
Province of Georgia " [London, MDCCXLL], which is by 
many supposed to have been written by Benjamin Martyn, 
the Secretary of the Trustees, we think the Earl of Egmont 
may fairly be credited. The administration of the Trust had 
been openly assailed. Many of the colonists were disaffected, 
and clamored for certain suggested reforms. The Province 
was not then in a flourishing condition, and the failure of 
the enterprise was predicted by not a few. It was under such 
circumstances that his Lordship composed this little work and, 
with the sanction of his co-trustees, caused it to be published 
and widely circulated. In it by argument, facts, and deposi- 
tions, he endeavored to refute the following objections which 
had been freely urged against the present and prospective 
prosperity of Georgia : — 

" 1. That the climate is unhealthy : 




viii PREFATORY NOTE. 

" 2. That the soil is barren : 

" 3. That no Produces for Trade can be rais'd in it : 

"4. That the Lands were granted upon improper Tenures 
and Conditions : and 

" 5. That it will be impracticable to render the Colony of 
any Value without the Use of Negroes." 

Widespread and beneficial was the influence exerted by this 
tract. It was accepted by the public as an authoritative an- 
nouncement of the status and hopes of a plantation the es- 
tablishment of which had attracted so much notice and enlisted 
such generous aid both from private sources and from the na- 
tional treasury. No one in England was better acquainted 
with the management of the Trust ; no one had more narrowly 
scanned the reports received from time to time from Georgia ; 
no one was more familiar with all the details of colonization 
than this first President of the Board of Georgia Trustees. 
He withheld neither money, time, nor influence in his cease- 
less efforts to advance what he conceived to be the best in- 
terests of the Province. Constant was his attendance upon, 
and lively his interest in, the meetings of the Common Coun- 
cil, of the Board of Trustees, and of its Committees of Cor- 
respondence and Accounts. He carefully perused all letters 
and reports from Georgia. The administration of the finances 
of the Trust was specially committed to his supervision. No 
one was more vigilant in encouraging the colonization, in watch- 
ing its development, and in defending it against the assaults 
of the ignorant and the malevolent. No surer proof of his 
unflagging interest, in this charitable scheme can be offered 
than that furnished by the Journal, which he kept with his 
own hand, of the transactions of the Trustees. Unfortu- 
nately, the first volume — commencing with the inception 
of the colonization and ending upon the 9th of June 1738 



PREFATORY NOTE. ix 

— has been lost. All efforts to recover it have thus far proved 
unsuccessful. Through the liberality of Mr. J. S. Morgan, of 
London, — the American banker, — the State of Georgia has 
recently become the fortunate owner of the second and third 
volumes of this Journal. Beginning with an index to the sixth 
year's transactions of the Trustees, they conclude with the 24th 
of May, 1744. Feeble health probably interrupted at that time 
the labors of this philanthropist and firm friend of the Colony 
of Georgia. 

The historical value of these volumes may not be ques- 
tioned. They reveal the inner life of the Trust, unfold the 
details of the colonization, and may be appropriately classed 
among the " Sibylline Leaves " of Georgia history. Admira- 
bly do they supplement " A Journal of the Proceedings in 
Georgia " from the 20th of October, 1737, to the 28th of Octo- 
ber, 1741, by William Stephens, in three volumes, printed in 
London in 1742 at the charge and by order of the Trustees : 
" An Account shewing the Progress of the Colony of Georgia 
in America from its First Establishment," published with like 
sanction in 1741 : " Letters from General Oglethorpe to the 
Trustees," etc., from October, 1735, to August, 1744, copies 
of which were obtained through the generous intervention of 
George Wymberley-Jones DeRenne, Esq., and given to the 
public in the third volume of the Collections of the Georgia 
Historical Society : and " The General Account of all Moneys 
and Effects received and expended by the Trustees for estab- 
lishing the Colony of Georgia in America." This " General 
Account " is contained in a large manuscript volume, beauti- 
fully written, embraces all receipts and expenditures by the 
Trustees in behalf of the Colony from the date of the grant 
to the surrender of the charter, and is duly verified by Har- 

man Verelst, their accountant. 

b 



{ 



x PREFATORY NOTE. 

The original record of events which transpired in Georgia, 

— as kept by Colonel William Stephens, the Trustees' Secre- 
tary at Savannah — is, we understand, still in existence, being 
securely locked up in Thirlestane House, Cheltenham. It was 
utilized, however, by the Trustees, and such portions as they 
deemed of general interest were printed in the " Journal of 
Proceedings " to which we have referred. The edition was 
very limited, for the Trustees ordered only seventy copies to 
be printed "for the use of the Trust," and directed that 
thereafter "the press be broken." 

So careful was the Earl of Egmont in keeping these min- 
utes, so accurately is the chronology of act and event noted, 
and so clearly expressed is the narration, that this manuscript, 

— which may be justly accepted as the London record of the 
Trustees' proceedings — is placed in the printer's hands just 
as it came from the pen of this early and illustrious bene- 
factor of Georgia. 

With the exception of an index to the sixth year's transac- 
tions of the Trustees, ending on the 9th of June, 1738, con- 
tained in the preceding and missing volume, and the indices 
to the records of proceedings during the several years em- 
braced in the second and third volumes, — which are herein 
omitted because they constitute no part of the narration, — 
the following pages exhibit all that remains of the Egmont 
Journal. 



ytflas/tJjV 'dent*/. 'A 



Augusta, Georgia, 
January, 1886. 










TRANSACTIONS 



THE TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA, 

From the 9th of June, 1738, to the 9th of June, 1739 : 
being the 7th year. 



June 14. 1. [Present,] Archer (Hen.), Egmont, Holland RogT, P., Lapotre Hen., La 
Roch J°, Smith Sam!, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Coiuon Council was sumond to receive Reports from the Comit- 
tees of Accounts and Correspondence but we were not a board. 

1. We read M? Stephens journal and letter, and from them drew 
heads of a letter to be wrote him. 

2. We order' d that the Copy of our letter to Col. Oglethorpe to ar- 
rest Causton in case he gives not a satisfactory Ace!' of his disposal 
of the Trust money, should be enterd in the Minute book of Trustees, 
and not in the Letter book, it not being proper that our Writing 
Clerks should see it. 

Same Evening. 2. [Present,] Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam!, Vernon, C. C. 

1. We met in Comittee of Correspondence, and directed a letter to 
Col. Oglethorpe (who by the Winds shifting was put back to Gos- 
port) to require him to take care that the light house at Tybee be 
speedily repair'd, which is in danger of falling. 

2. Order'd also a letter to M T . Stephens, to cause good land to be 
laid out for the Religious Uses at Savannah, in case the 300 acres for- 
merly lay'd out be Pine barren. 

3. Order'd also a letter to M* Delamot School master and Catechist 
at Savanah, acquainting him that the Trustees had given direction to 
allow him ten pounds for his trouble & pains. 

4. Order'd also a letter to the Magistrates of Frederica, that 7 of 



2 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

the Trust Servants be employ'd in cultivating the 300 acres granted 
for Religious Uses at Frederica. 

15 June 1738. Mf Hugh Anderson wrote to Mf Adam Anderson 
that he was removed from Savannah to his Plantation near Oxstead 
Mf Caustons land, and had cleard fenc'd and planted 10 acres of corn 
pease and potatoes, and 4 acres of Rice, beside some garden ground, 
nurseries, cotton, tobacho &c for experiments, but his corn had suffer'd 
the general fate of the Province by the drought of the S inner, so that 
he could never expect to ballance his expence. 

That the silk manufacture will in all probability in some time an- 
swer the End, and ought by all means to be encouraged, but the peo- 
ple must in the mean time be supported till that takes place. 

That by the little experience he had of the soil, climate, culture, 
living & accidents he could positively affirm that 'tis not practicable 
to defray the necessary charges or supply the most scanty necessaries 
of life. 

That the land is not so fruitfull as represented, yet the difficulties 
are not unsurmountable. 

That the people lose their Cattel and hoggs, in the woods and 
swamps, and are not able to drive them up, and the most diligent 
must continue to be supported by the Trustees till some staple Manu- 
facture takes place. 

That Improvements did not go on, and the Trustees were imposed 
on as to the fertility of the place. 

He gives reasons why the silk did not go on with more vigour : that 
last year the Mulberry trees in the Trustees garden, by severe prun- 
ings & transplantings having produced few leaves, the worms died for 
want of food : that the want of white mulberry leaves obliged the 
feeding them with the black mulberry, which destroyed which was 
fatal to them. That this year, after the mulberry trees had produced 
their buds, a severe frost kill'd them, and numbers of worms again 
died for want of food. Nevertheless a considerable quantity of silk 
was made this year as fine as any in the World. 

June 21. 3. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Heathcote S r Will., Holland RogT, 
Lapotre Hen. , Smith Sam!, C. C. 

A Cornon Council was sumon'd to Receive Reports from the Coniit- 
tees of Accompts & Correspondence, but we were not a board. 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 3 

1. Several letters relating to the Spaniards design upon Geoi'gia 
were read, together w*. 11 Cap* Prews affidavit, enclosed in MF Caustons 
letter dat. the 20. April. 

In that letter M? Causton takes notice that upon 4 hours notice, 80 
Men appeard under Arms in Savannah town, which shew'd a consider- 
able diminution of the Inhabitants. 

2. We order'd Cap! Prews affidavit to be laid before the D. of 
Newcastle. 

3. MF Horton's letter inform'd us that there was very little want of 
powder &c at Frederica. 

4. M? Paris the Trustees Sollicitor brought a Copy of the L^ 3 Comit- 
tee of Councils Report upon the hearing before them of the suit be- 
tween S. Carolina and Georgia, with the King & Councils order of 
Reference thereupon to the board of Trade to draw up insti'uctions for 
the Gov? & Council of Carolina and the Trustees of Georgia to follow, 
in order to adjust the Indian trade amicably. One of the instructions 
recomended by the Council is, that the Trustees forbear to levy the 
5£ Fyne upon the Carolina Traders, who without Georgia Lycences 
offer to trade within the Province ; which is a matter of serious con- 
sideration, for this Instruction is exercising a dispensing power, the 
Act still subsisting whereby all who trade within the Province of 
Georgia, are obliged to take out lycences in Georgia : and it is no less 
a hardship on Col. Oglethorpe our Comissioner for the Indian affairs, 
who being under an Oath to put the law in execution, must either 
break it, or act counter to his Majesties instructions. 

5. Cap! Daubur who was last March at Georgia, attended, and gave 
us a very discouraging Ace! of Savannah. He said he knew but of 3 
industrious Men in the whole Colony : 

That our Publick Garden is in a miserable condition. 

That the land is so bad, nothing will grow on it. 

That the people are full of faction. 

That there are more houses in the Town than Inhabitants. 

That for want of trade the Town must decay, and he was sorry to 
see so much money thrown away. 

NB. it must be observed that MF Jenys wrote us word the Garden 
was in good order. 



4 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

June 28. 4. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Heathcote S* Will., P. Ch., Holland 
Rog r . , Lapotre Hen., Laroche J?, Smith Sam!, Towers Christ?, C. C, Anderson, 
Ad?, T. 

1. Our Acconip? acquainted us that more certified Acc*. s from MT 
Causton were arrived, to the amount of 819.15. 9| which astonish'd us, 
they being drawn after our orders to him to certifie no more, were 
come to his hands. 

Resolv'd the said bills be return'd back to Georgia, being drawn by 
M? Causton contrary to the express order of the Comon Council. 

2. Resolv'd that M? William Norris shall be one of our Ministers in 
Georgia when ordained Deacon & Priest, and a letter was wrote & 
sign'd by our secretary to the Bishop of London, desiring him to or- 
dain him, and assist in procuring for him from the Treasury, the usual 
allowance given to Ministers who go abroad. 

3. M? Lapotre reported, that the Comittee of Accounts had ex- 
changed the last years Vouchers to the 9. ins* inclusive with the Bank ; 
and that the ballance of the Trustees Cash on that day was 4226.0.6. 

4. Our Accomp* acquainted the board, that of the above ballance 
1941.0.0 stood appropriated for the payment of out standing sola bills: 
1769.16.6. for particular Uses: And 515.0.0 for establishing the Colony; 
which last sum would be encreased when the payments of the last are 
posted off to the heads of Service. 

5. Report also made that the Moravians who owed the Trust 
296.5.9, had discharged 293.0.4 part thereof by labour for the Trust, 
and that there remain'd due from them only 3.5.5. which ballance we 
remitted them, and their bonds were deliverd up. 

6. Report was made by the Comittee of Correspondence appointed 
the 14 June 1738 to determine the application of Trust Servants, and 
make proper dispositions of them, to this effect : 

That they find 40 Men servants arrived in Georgia 20 Nov 1 ? - 1737, 
were sent to Darien to Lieu* J? Moore Mackintosh, in pursuance of 
the Trustees letter dat. 27 May 1737. : who was authorised to offer 
to each Freeholder there to take one of those servants, on their giving 
security by bond to pay 8£ sterl? in 12 months time : and to employ 
the remainder in sawing & cutting timber for the Trust on the un- 
granted lands near the Darien for the use of the Publick. 

That 2 women, 1 girl, and 1 boy, were put under the Lieu*. 3 care to be 
employ'd on publick work : And they were of opinion, an Ace* should 
be sent from the Lieu* certified by the Magistrates of Frederica, shew- 
ing which of the Freeholders of the Darien had taken any of them the 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 5 

said 40 servants, and how many, and shewing in what service the 
others of said servants, and the 10 women, 1 boy & 1 girl have been 
employed, and how the promt of their labour is accounted for to the 
Trust. 

That they were of opinion, that 7 Scots servants sent over under 
the care of Lieu! Mackintosh, should be imediatly employ'd in the 
cultivation of the 300 Acres for Religious Uses at Frederica. And 
that the residue of all the said servants not disposed of to private 
persons at the Darien, should be offer'd for supplying the people at 
Frederica who want servants on each of them giving bond to the 
Trustees for payment of 8<£ p head, for the expence of them for 1 
year, unless that sum can be lessen'd by the profit of their labour for 
the time past, being accounted for to the Trust. That of the other 
servants brought from Scotland at the Owners risk by the said ship, 
and whom the Trustees paid 8£ a head for, George Duncan re- 
turn'd sick to Savannah in the list dat. 21 Janu? 1737 : wherefore 
enquiry should be made, what is become of him, whether dead, or 
disposed of, or to whom. 

That 1 woman servant is return'd by the said list to be in the 
service of Will. Stephens Esq. 1 woman in the service of MF John 
Brown, and 1 woman in the service of the Widow Vandeplank : 
which three the Comittee judged the Trustees should bear the ex- 
pence of. 

That 2 Men servants are servants to M? Archibald Macbane, and 
the Coinittee query'd whether he should not be allow'd them, or pay 
for them, he having been employ'd to engage those servants to go from 
Scotland to Georgia. 

That 1 woman servant in the service of Grace Bedford widow of 
Nathan! Pothill should be paid for by S- J? Lade. 

But that all the other servants in number 37, or in heads 36^ in the 
service of the following persons should be paid for to the Trustees by 
them or M? Causton made answerable for them, viz. 

In said Caustons service 4 men, 2 women 1 boy : 

Laughton Macbanes wife 1 woman serv! 

Maclean (Alex) 1 wo. serv! 

Ben]*. Mackintosh's daughter ... 1 wo. serv! 

Lieu? J? Moore Mackintosh .... 3 men 1 wo. serv'? 

Mackintosh (Will.) 1 man 

Baillie (Kenneth) 1 man 

Anderson (Ja.) 3 men 1 wo. servf 



6 TBANSAGTIONS OF THE [June, 

Brodie (J?) 10 men 1 wo. serv'. s 

Upton (Tho.) 3 men 3 wo. serv'. 8 

That by a List of Servants from Germany, arrived in Germany 4 
Dec^ r 1737 by the 3 Sisters, which list was received from Mr Causton 
1 March last, 

The following were under the care of Mr Bradley, viz. 

29 men, 27 women, 16 boys, 15 girls, in all 87, making heads 71f. 
Employ'd at the Crane, 

10 men, 10 women, 7 boys, 13 girls, in all 40, making heads 30£. 
Cap^ Gascoign had 

2 men, 2 women, 1 boy. making in all 5. making heads 5. 
The Millright at Old Ebenezar had 

2 men, 2 women, 2 boys, 2 girls, in all 8, making heads 5J. 

Mr Thomas Causton had to his own use heads 9|. 

That of the 71f heads which Mr Bradley had, several of them were 
freed by their Masters, who had leave to repay the charges of sending 
them : wherefore the Comittee were of opinion, that such of the said 
71f heads as shall not be freed before the end of the 6 weeks granted 
for that purpose (after providing the 7 for cultivating 300 acres for 
Religious uses at Savannah, the 2 which were order'd with their wives 
for Mr Hen. Parker, and the 2 for Mr Tho. Christie) be employed in 
cultivating Bouveries Farin. 

That the Coniittee were of opinion that 10 £ be paid to Mr Delamot 
the Catechist at Savannah, as a gratification. 

7. The Board approved of the Report, and orderd that Mr Causton 
be charged at 8£ p head for the Servants intrusted to Archibald 
Macbane. 

8. Application being made in behalf of Mr Macleod Scots Minister 
at Darien, that he may have leave to exchange his 50 acre lot into a 
Grant of the same for him and his successor Ministers, to be settled 
for their use as long as he or they shall be paid a Sallary by the In- 
corporate Society in Scotland, & they shall behave well : 

Agreed that it be proposed to that Society, that the same shall be 
granted as desired, The Trustees approving & authorising the Minis- 
ters. 

9. Certain Jews apply'd for encouragement to propogate cochineal 
in Georgia, but their proposal was so unreasonable, that we unani- 
mously rejected it. 

10. A proposition was made us by Mess r . s Sampson & Levi who had 



1738.] TEUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 7 

certified Acc* s upon us, that they would wait a year for payment, pro- 
vided we would engage then to pay them : 

We resolv'd that no satisfactory answer could be made them till we 
heard from Georgia. 

11. Mf Callard who designs to give the Trustees 400<£ out of cer- 
tain moneys for which he is Trustee and which he is to dispose of to 
charitable uses, desired we would send over a Man and his wife, and 
recomend them to MF Oglethorpes favour : 

Accordingly we agreed to send them, to write to Col. Oglethorpe 
as desired, and that they should be allow'd a Servant or two when the 
400 £ is recieved. 

12. M? Paris our Sollicitor sent in his bill for drawing Briefs, feeing 
Council &c in the dispute between us & S. Carolina, the whole of 
which amounted to 455<£ besides 27.12.7 for the expences in the af- 
fair of Joseph Watson, whose wife had petition'd the Privy Council 
ag s * us. He had before been advanc'd in part 330£, and now paid 
him 50 £ more on Ace* and refer'd his bill to be examin'd by the 
Committee of Accompts. 

1 July 1738. MT Geo. Whitfeeld wrote our Accomp! from Savan- 
nah, that all things relating to his Ministerial business went on well : 
that he was kindly received by the Inhabitants, and were importunate 
for his Stay among them. That he intended in a fortnight to go to 
Frederica, and soon after return to England where many things call'd 
him : But if the Trustees would order him a convenient house & gar- 
den, and provide Servants for improving the land, he intended to go 
back again as soon as possible to Georgia. This resolution of return- 
ing so soon to England shews him of a roving temper : he arrived from 
Giberalter but the 6 of May foregoing. 

July 5. 5. [Present,] Egmont, P., Heathcote Si Will., Smith Sam!, C. C. 
A Trustee board was sumon'd to order the Seal to be.affix'd to 
a letter of Attorney for receiving the 8000 £ given by Parliam* and to 
be attended by Ml" Norris who offer'd himself to be Minister at Sa- 
vannah. 

1. We made out the letter of attorney to MF Verelts to receive from 
the Treasury the 8000£ given by Parliament. 

2. M? Verelts acquainted us, that the Board of Trade had made 
their Report upon the Privy Councils Reference to them relating to 
the contest between us & S. Carolina on the subject of the Indian 



8 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

Trade, and that they had agreed to every thing contain'd in said ref- 
erence. 

Some of our board when they heard this were for remonstrating, for 
in that Reference there is an instruction, that the Comissioner for the 
Indian Trade of Georgia (Col. Oglethorpe) shall lycence all Traders 
who come recomended by the Governour and Council of S. Carolina : 
which will confound the Indian Trade, because it cannot be carry'd on 
but by a limited number of Traders ; besides it is a Suspension of our 
act, or rather using a dispensing power, which many think is beyond 
the Privy Councils power, and if so, of dangerous consequence to our 
charter if submitted to by us. 

3. The Rev? M? Norris attended, being last Sunday ordain'd Deacon 
by the Bishop of London, who promis'd to ordain him Priest the Sun- 
day following, but the Bishop (as he inform'd us) is very angry with 
the Trustees, for not yielding that those we send to Georgia to preach 
should take a lycence from him, and threatens to try his right with us 
at law. 

We always opposed his Lordships lycensing our Ministers, because 
in that case we should not be able to remove a bad one withor f ex- 
pence & much loss of time, unless his Lordship consent^ the.,. to, 
which the least prejudice or misinformation concerning such r 
might possibly prevail on his Lordship to refuse : And we think 
better for the Souls of our people that a good man should by our mis- 
take be removed, if such a case should happen, than that a bad one 
should be continued by the Bishop. Besides it is doubtfull if the 
Bishop has a right to insist on lycensing Ministers for Georgia, it 
being a Province newly erected, and since the power given him by his 
Majesty to lycense for America. His power also is only from the 
Secretary of State. 

July l?. 6. [Present,] Egmont, Heathcote S' Will., Lapotre Hen., P., La Roch 

J°, Smith Sam., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sunlon'd : but there was no board. 

1. My Verelts reported that he had received at the Treasury the 
Parliaments Grant of 8000£, that the Several Offices had given their 
fees as usual, and that he had lodged the money in the Bank. 

2. A letter from Col. Oglethorpe from Plimouth dat. 3? ins? was 
read, acquainting us that he had been obliged by foul and contrary 
weather (which the Transports could not ride out) to put into Pli- 
mouth : That out of 700 persons he had yet lost but One ; and that he 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 9 

had discover'd among his Soldiers One who was formerly in the Span- 
ish Service, who labour'd to seduce several of the rest by high tempta- 
tions of reward : Two of which Soldiers confest the thing and accused 
him. That he would nevertheless take him with him to Georgia, in 
hopes there to discover more of this affair. 

We order'd a copy of this letter to be sent to the D. of Newcastle, 
but wonderd Col. Oglethorpe did not set the fellow on shoar with the 
two Evidences, and take his examination before the Mayor of Pli- 
mouth, that he might be try'd in England. 

3. Mf William Norris attended, and acquainted us that the Bishop 
had according to our request and the letter I wrote to his Lordship 
confer 'd Priests orders on him, and had also wrote to the Treasury for 
the usual allowance made by his Majesty to those who go Missionaries 
abroad, viz. 20<£, which the Treasury had directed should be paid 
him. 

He added that the Bishop had also given him his licence, but that 
he (M? Norris) did not ask it. 

That his Lordship had also advised him not to split on the Rock his 
Pre^'cessor had done, meaning M? J? Wesley. 

r - u e Bisuop's sliding his licence into M? Norris's hand unasked, and 
ry (as he well knew to the minds of the Trustees) was an arti- 

j to maintain his pretended jurisdiction within our Province ; How- 
ever we past it by as of no consequence to our own right, who think 
ourselves the Ordinaries of our Province; For should his Lordship 
upon any false suggestions recall that Licence, and we think fit to con- 
tinue Mf Norris, that Recall would be of no Effect. 

4. Tho we were not a Comon Council to dispose of money, yet the 
time pressing for Mi' Norris's departure, we directed My Verelts to pay 
him 20i£ as a present to help him in his voyage, not doubting but the 
next Comon Council board would agree thereto. 

5. We made out and Seal'd his Comission to perform Ecclesiastical 
Offices in Georgia, and deliver'd him some short instructions to follow. 

12 July 1738 arrived M? Stephens journal and letter dat. about 
the end of March, giving account, 

1. That the colonies allarms of the Spaniards attacking it was over. 

2. That the people went brisker on in cultivating than before, and 
were much quieter, tho some few Factioners remain'd. 

3. That the differences between Bradley and Causton were as high 
as ever, but the latter behaved a little too passionatly. 



10 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

4. That Ml Browns man at Highgate was dead of the wound he 
gave him, and that he had been try'd, but brought in Man-slaughter. 

5. That the Gov? of Virginia had complain'd to our Magistrates 
that one of their Traders had been prevented by ours from trading 
with the Cherokee Indians, But upon perusing the Georgia Act for 
regulating the Trade of Georgia (sent by me to him the Governour) 
his Government had acquiesced thereto. That he (Stephens) had ad- 
vised My Causton, for this time to order the Virginia Traders goods 
to be restored to him and to pass the affair by. 

NB. This is the first instance come to our knowledge, of our hin- 
dering Virginia Traders to traffick with our Indians : 

NB. also I have no correspondence with the Govl of Virginia, & 
never sent him the Act above mention'd. 

July 15. 7. [Present,] Archer Hen., Ayers Rob', Egmont, Heathcote ST Will., P., 
Lapotre Hen., Towers Tho., Smith Sam!, C. C. 

A Coinon Council was sumond, but we were no board. 

1. Ml' Norris attended and produced his letters of Ordination, which 
we order'd to be taken notice of in our books ; 

2. He also produced the Bishop of Londons licence to him to per- 
form Ecclesiastical Offices in Georgia, but this we enter'd not in our 
books, that it might not stand on Record, or appear to have any coun- 
tenance shew'd it by the Trustees. 

3. Our Accomp* produced a certified Ace* arrived at our Office since 
the last meeting and dated the 15 of April last. It was in favour of 
Cap! Macpherson Cap* of the Rangers, for pay due to him to Lady 
day 1738 amounting to 129.8.4J. 

We took notice that our order to Ml' Causton to certifie no more 
Accompts dat. 14 Dec 1 ! 1 1737 had reach'd him the 30 March 1738, 
For Ml Stephens to whom we enclosed that order, acknowledges in his 
last journal the receipt of that packet. This has a bad aspect for Ml 
Causton, who also sign'd another certified Ace*, since the receipt of 
the above mention'd order, in favour of Ml Jenys, and a faulty Ace! 
too, Credit therein not being given to the Trustees for the mony ar- 
rising from the Rum duty in Carolina. 

Not being a board of Comon Council we could do nothing in the 
affair. 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 11 

July 17. 8. [Present,] Archer Hen., Ayers Rob', Ch., Egmont, P., Hales Stev. 
Heathcote S! Will., Lapotre Hen., Towers Tho., Towers Christ", C. C. 

A Conion Council was sumond, and with much difficulty we ruuster'd 
one up. 

1. Being inform'd that the L d . s Coinittee of Council intend on the 
20 t . h of this month to make their Report to the King and Council upon 
the dispute between S. Carolina and us concerning the Indian Trade, 
and that their report (which is very unfavourable to us as by a copy 
thereof privately comunicated to us appeard) would then be confirmed, 
and an order follow thereon to us to comply therewith : 

We refer'd it to M? Tho. Towers and M 1 . Rob! Ayers to draw up 
a petition to his Majesty, beseeching him to take no resolution upon 
the Report of the Board of trade (on which the L** s Coinittee of Trade 
intended to found their own report to the Privy Council) until the 
bounds of Georgia & S. Carolina should be first adjusted. 

The wording of this petition was a nice matter, & required to be 
supported by good reasons, such as would shew how fatal it would be 
to our Colony, and the Indian trade in general, in case the instruc- 
tions mentioned in the Board of Trades Report, should be confirm'd 
by his Majesty, and turn'd into an order, requiring our complyance. 
For according to those instructions, the ComissF for granting licences 
in Georgia is obliged to licence all the S. Carolina Traders who come 
recomended from the Gov? & Council of S. Carolina and who shall 
give proper security ; and the Trustees are forbid levying the 5£ 
upon such Traders. By this means our Trade is become entirely 
subject to the pleasure of S. Carolina, w c . h Province may powr into ours 
such a number of Traders as may ruin the trade of both Provinces, 
and disgust the Indians, who are pleased at present with our regula- 
tions of their trade and with the persons trading with them, and did 
desire (when they were with us in England) that there might be a 
due proportion of Traders to their Towns. 

2. Several letters rec? since the last meeting were read, viz. 

(1.) One from M? Causton dat. 26 May 1738, enclosing his journal 
from 24 May to 24 July 1T37, & also a copy of the Inventory of 
Stores at Savanah, taken 23 March 1737-8, and a letter from M T . 
Bradley to him dat. 3 Dec. 1737 demanding Provisions for his sup- 
port, and that of the Trustees Servants (exclusive of German ser- 
vants) under his care. 

In this letter he acquaints us that Lieu* Col. Cochran arrived the 
6. of May at Savannah with the part of Col. Oglethorpes Regiment 
under his conduct and which he brought from Giberaltar. 



12 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

He likewise acknowledges the receipt of our Orders to certify no 
more Accompts, which he promises to obey, but takes no notice of other 
directions sent him of great importance, viz. 

That he should acquaint us what he had done with the sola bills we 
sent him to the value of some thousands of pounds. From hence our 
ill opinion of him en creased, especially as he had since our Orders to 
certifie no more Acc*. s and his receipt of those orders, certified no less 
than 3 Acc*. s and suffer'd M. T . Macpherson to draw a bill on us for the 
pay of his Rangers, when he had orders to do it out of the sola bills 
sent him. 

3. Orderd that the Accompt write to M? Causton on these heads. 

4. A letter from Cap^ Hugh Mackay dat. 10 May 1738 was read, 
acquainting us that he had orderd the Transport vessel he was on 
board with soldiers, to go directly to Tybee, and not follow the 
Cap* of Man of War that convey'd the troops to Charlestown, where 
that Cap^ had orderd the Transports to follow him ; he therefore de- 
sired the Trustees to justify him therein, on account that what he did 
was to prevent his Men from deserting, which they might do if landed 
at Charlestown. 

5. A letter from M? "Williamson dat. 28 May 1738 was read, ex- 
cusing his printing advertisments against M 1 . J? Wesley. 

6. A letter was read from MT Stephens dat. 27 May 1738 together 
with his journal from 15 April to 26 May, giving a hopefull acc^ of 
the Pottery set up, and of the good prospect of making silk. 

7. The Comon Council confirm'd the advance of 20<£ made to 
M 1 . Norris by the Trustees 12 t . h ins* and order'd that his passage & 
refreshments on board should be paid out of it. 

8. They also took into consideration the great uneasiness the Mer- 
chants who had supply'd the stores in Georgia were under, at our 
delaying the payment of the certified bills sent in their behalf By 
M' Causton ; therefore to stop their clamour and to ease our selves 
of an Interest of 4 p cent which we agreed to pay them until their 
demands should be satisfied, we came to the following resolutions, 

Resolv'd, that the certified Ace*? which were order'd on the 8 feb? 
last to carry an Interest of 4 p cent, & which will be due the 8 of 
August next, be paid. 

Resolv'd. 

Resolv'd that any 5 of the Comon Council be empowr'd to draw on 
the Bank for 2272.0.8 for payment of the same. 

Resolv'd that 4209.13.9 due on the remaining certified Acc'f be like- 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 13 

wise paid to avoid suits & clamours ; but that any 5 of the Comon 
Council be empowr'd to determine which of them shall require a 
security to be given to the Trustees against frauds and double pay- 
ments : and also to draw on the Bank from time to time for payment. 
NB. the reason why we gave this power to 5 of the Comon Council 
was the difficulty of making Cornon Council Boards in the Sumer 
time : for to make this board, D T . Hales came out of the Country 14 
miles, MT Christ? Towers 15, and I 7. And MT Hen. Archer and 
ST Will. Heathcote were going far off into the Country. 

9. An objection being made to a certified Ace! in favour of M! Tho. 
Jenys & Eliz. Jenys Execut r . 3 to Paul Jenys Esq of Cbarlstown, there 
being an undue ballance charged on the Trustees, for want of said 
Jenys's giving the Trustees Credit for the Rum duty of Carolina, con- 
fest by his deceased brother to have been received by him, 

We order'd our Accomp! to write to Jenys thereupon, and in the 
mean time Order'd payment of the said Ace! as stated by us amounting 
to 73.8.8, in case M 1 . Jenys's correspondent would accept it. 

10. Resolv'd that Surveying Instruments be purchass'd & sent to 
M- Ausperger at Frederica. 

11. Imprest to Aid? Heathcote 1000£ on Ace! 

17 July 1738. The Trustees appointed to draw up a petition to his 
Majesty that he would be pleased to take no resolution on the Report 
of the board of Trade until the bounds of S. Carolina & Georgia should 
be first adjusted, thought it might be more proper (as the L d . s Coniittee 
of Privy Council had not yet made their report to his Majesty & the 
Privy Council, to present them with some heads of Instructions to be 
given by their Lordships to the Gov? of S. Carolina, & to the Trustees, 
whereby the contest between the 2 Provinces might be amicably ad- 
justed, and the ill consequences of the Instructions designd to be given 
by the Council board (of which we had privatly a sight) might be 
avoided. 

Accordingly the Trustees this day prepared the following paper, en- 
titled — Heads for Instructions to the GovT of South Carolina and the 
Trustees for the Colony of Georgia. 

1. To prepare Acts for Settling the Indian Trade, to the mutual 
satisfaction of both Provinces. 

2. To appoint Persons to settle the Boundarys of each Province, 
and the Nations of Indians within each Boundary. 

3. To compute the number of Traders against the number of In- 



14 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

dians within both Provinces, and settle the Nations which one licensed 
Trader can supply, and the Nations which require more Traders than 
one to supply them. 

4. That one half of the said Traders may be licens'd by the Comis- 
sioner for South Carolina, and the other half by the Comissioner for 
Georgia. 

5. And in the mean time, the Comissioners for each Province to act 
in Concert with each other in the licensing proper persons, and taking 
such security as they shall approve of, for carrying on a mutual trade 
to the Indians in both Provinces, as near as may be consistent with 
the Acts now in being. 

Whether these reasonable proposals were offer'd to the Privy Coun- 
cil I know not, but if they were, they were not hearken'd to, For, 

On the 21 s * of July 1738 his Majesty sign'd the following Instruc- 
tions : 

„ „ Instruction to our R* Trusty and well beloved Trustees 

° ' for establishing the Colony of Georgia in America ; Given 
at our Court at Kensington the 21 day of July 1738 in the 12*. h year 
of our Reign. Whereas several disputes have arisen between the Two 
Provinces of South Carolina and Georgia, in relation to the Trade 
carry'd on by the said Two Provinces with the Indians ; We have 
taken the same into our Royal consideration, and do recommend to 
you to prepare a proper Act or Ordinance for settling that trade on 
such a footing as may be for the mutual benefit and satisfaction of 
both the said Provinces. We have at the same time given an instruc- 
tion to our trusty & well beloved Samuel Horsey EsqT our GovF & 
Lieu* General of South Carolina, to recommend to the Council & As- 
sembly of South Carolina to pass a law for the like purpose in that 
Province. 

And in the mean time it is our will and pleasure, that you direct 
your Comissioner in Georgia to grant licences to all persons who shall 
apply for the same, and bring certificates from the Governour & Coun- 
cil of South Carolina that they are proper to be licensed to trade with 
the Indians, such persons giving reasonable security to demean them- 
selves well towards the Indians in amity with the Crown of Great 
Britain. And that you and your Comissioner and all others concerned 
do forbear as they have hitherto done, as it is alledged, to levy the 
sum of five pounds ore any part thereof upon any of the Carolina 
Indian Traders, by virtue of an Act passed by you, entitled An Act 
for maintaining Peace with the Indians. 



1733.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 15 

20 July 1738. Will 1 ? Bull Esq Presid* of the Council of S. Carolina 
who acted as Lieu? Gov? of that Province in the absence of Gov? Hor- 
sey wrote to the L d . s Cofnissioners of Trade & Plantations a pressing 
letter that a sum of money might be order'd from England for Pres- 
ents to the Choctaw Indians, it being of great consequence to his Maj- 
esties service on the Frontier parts of the Dominions. 

That these Choctaws who live on the N. E. side of the Mississipi 
River near the mouth, consist of 46 Towns, and 16000 Men, which far 
exceeds all the other Tribes in number, in amity with S. Carolina. 
That hitherto they had been in the Interest of the French, but had 
lately sent Messengers to S. Caroliua to propose and desire a friend- 
ship & Comerce with the English. That about the End of May their 
first Messengers arrived, and they had been well received, and went 
away well satisfy'd with the presents given them, and with finding the 
English so different from what the French had represented them. 

That soon after their departure arrived other Messengers on the 
same Errand but from a different part of the Nation, who were treated 
in the same manner as the former, and took notice that several of 
their Head Men were still in the Interest of the French who oppose 
their having any Comerce with the English, and therefore it was nec- 
essary that some of these should come and visit this Government also 
that they might be convinc'd how much it would be for the benefit of 
their Nation to be at peace and have a trade with English. 

That if a peace and Comerce could be obtain'd with the whole 
Choctaw Nation, it would add to the Provinces security, and greatly 
encrease the trade of her & of Gr. Britain, and be of much more ser- 
vice than the Seneca Indians on the Northern Frontier, because the 
French at Canada have Tribes of Indians which may set them nearly 
on a par with the English and Senecas. But the French at Mobile 
and near the Mississipi River have no other Indians but the Choctaws 
whom they could make use of against the English, and the Indians in 
Unity with them. 

That as to the Indians call'd the Blew mouths, who live to the west- 
ward of the Mississipy, they are in amity with the Choctaws, and will 
be influenced by them, and it is likely will be follow their example, 
But if not, they are so remote, that at present there was no apprehen- 
sion of danger from them. 

That if the Choctaws could be gain'd from the French, they would 
be able to cut off all comunication between Canada & Louisiana. 

He therefore desired to know whether upon application to his Maj- 



16 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

esty a bounty might be obtain'd for the Choctaws as is yearly allow'd 
to the Senecas, which might likewise be extended to the Oherokees 
who are at peace with the Choctaws. 

That the Province of S. Carolina is not able to bear the expence, 
having suffer'd for many years past by the Great droughts, and by 
preparations to withstand the expected Invasions of the Spaniards 
which the Province, & the Colony of Georgia have been allarm'd with 
these two last years. 

That the uniting so numerous a people to the English Interest, may 
be a principal means of securing the peace and safety of all his maj- 
esty's Dominions in North America, and of dissappointing a scheme 
which the French for many years have been endeavouring to carry 
into Execution, viz. to settle a comunication from Canada to the mouth 
of the Mississipi, to subdue and destroy all the Indians in friendship 
with the English, and by that means to carry an easie War into all the 
Settlements of the English along the Sea Coasts. 

That the dependance the French had of securing the Interest of the 
Choctaws, made the execution of this design appear feasible, And they 
had already made a great progress : But if the Goverm* should be so 
fortunate as to give matters a different turn, and effectually secure the 
Choctaws, he flatterd himself that an Undertaking which would pro- 
duce so general a good to all North America ought not to be carry 'd 
on at the expence of a small Colony, exposed on the Frontiers, & 
thinnest of Inhabitants, tho more burthen'd with taxes, than any on 
the Continent. 

25 July 1738. M r . Stephens acquainted the Trustees in his journal 
beginning that day, 

1. That the great drought had destroy 'd half the years Crop in 
Georgia, and that another misfortune had attended them viz. the 
sowing a yellow skin'd corn, for want of a sufficient quantity of Vir- 
ginia Corn. 

2. Nevertheless that it had fared worse in S. Carolina, where the 
plantations of Corn and rice fail'd so much that they feared a famine, 
and had order' d a general Fast. 

3. That he would send a list of those in Savannah who had culti- 
vated well or neglected cultivation. 

4. That at Frederica the Crop was almost wholly cut off, and the 
Darien people had not succeeded much better. 

5. That the Goal was fill'd with criminals at Savannah, and the 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 17 

several kinds of debauchery appear'd barefaced & impunedly and this 
in all ranks. 

6. That a considerable number of the people are inclined to work, 
but there are too many idle & lazy, whom the Colony will never be 
the better for. 

7. That he hoped these things will be remedied by the late uncom- 
mon attention given to divine worship, since MF Whitfeilds arrival, 
who daily gains on the affections of the people, tho it was too much to 
be fear'd that the practice of open lewdness, first making whores of 
their female servants, then cohabiting with them and their bastards 
(from whence a continuation of the same course may be presumed, 
which is too common among the gay Gentry, who are either of a dif- 
ferent comunion, or above the vulgar way of frequenting their church : 
such open scandal) would out brave all reproof from the Pulpit, and 
needed some coercive power from the Magistrate to restrain it. 

In a letter of the same date to MF Verelts, Mr Stephens enclosed a 
State of Ebenezai", Old and New, Abercorn, Hampstead, Highgate, 
with a short abstract of the number of acres planted in various plan- 
tations, distinct from the Township of Savannah, which last he hoped 
to send in his next. 

1. That at Ebenezar there were 65 Lots taken up, & all except 3 
occupied, viz. 1. deserted, 1 uncultivated by the Owner till his return 
from Germany, and 1 not improved, thrQ the Inability of the Owner. 
That they had enclosed and improved the wast & Comon land near & 
around the town 180 acres including their 2 acre lots : but went not 
on with their larger Lots being pine barren. That all their land lay 
neat, well houghed, & free from weeds. That the ceconomy of the 
town under the Influence of MF Boltzius their Minister is exemplary 
& worth notice. Their hutts made at present of clap boards are de- 
cent & regularly set out in Streets according to the Plan. That they 
had appointed a heardsman from among them to attend their milch 
cows in the woods all day, and bring them home in the Evening, and 
their stock of outlying cattel, were also under the care of 2 other 
heardsmen who drove them to a cowpen at night, and attended them 
in their feed when turned out in the day, and these heards men were 
paid by a small contribution among themselves. That they had no 
Court of justice, or lawyer, or Rum, but peace prevail'd, and in case 
of any petty difference, the Minister call'd 3 or 4 of the discreetest 
Elders to gether, who in a sumary way determined as they thought 
just, and the Partys went away contented. Their regular times of 

3 



18 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

worship was on week days the Evening only, but on Sundays, the 
Forenoon, afternoon, and Evening, and who ever did not attend was 
ill look'd on by his Neighbours. A Tabernacle sufficient to hold their 
number serv'd them for a church. Their largest building as yet was 
a convenient Orphan house, where also other children were maintain'd 
by benefactions, and were neatly & well taken care of & taught to 
work, and instructed in Religion. The present number of these chil- 
dren was 17, and the number of souls whereof M* Boltzius's Congre- 
gation consisted 146. 

2. That at Abercorn were 10 settlement, 3 Owners of which were 
dead, 3 deserted, 1 changed, & 1 surrenderd, so that 8 of the ten 
were dead or gone : but that 5 of these were succeeded by others, 
which with 2 of the first 10 occupants remaining made 7 settlers. 
That among them 15 acres were cultivated. 

3. That at Hamstead were 12 settlements, three of which were va- 
cant. That 53 acres were cleard & some planted. 

4. That at Highgate were 12 settlements, 3 of which were vacant, 
& 1 deserted. 52 acres clear'd or planted. 

3. That Thunderbolt was almost deserted, since M? Lacey had the 
Comand at Augusta. 

5. That Lacys widow still lives at Thunderbolt under suspicion of a 
very bad character, & Bishop & Hetherington two other settlers there 
who were imprison'd for stealing and killing other Mens Cattel, and 
barriling up the same to sell in Carolina, for Rum to supply Savan- 
nah therewith by stealth, had broken Goal and fled, together with a 
notorious rogue one Wright, who could not get bail to answer his 
behaviour among the Indian Nations, whom he endeavourd to set 
against our Colony. 

On the 25 July 1738 M. 1 . Causton wrote to the Trustees an account 
of MT John Wesley s behaviour in relation to his Niece, M 1 '. 8 Hophey, 
who on the 12 March 1736 / 7 was marry'd at Purysburg to M T . Will™ 
Williamson. When it was heard the marriage was intended, M? Wes- 
ley came to M r . s Causton and discoverd with grief & tears that himself 
desired to marry her. After the marriage he appear'd inconsolable, 
some times wanting to see her, but at other times promised he never 
would. But on this occasion he refused her the Sacrament, and be- 
came an advocate for every discontented person he met with. His 
refusal of giving her the Sacrament subjected him to a presentment of 
the Grand Jury, which MT Causton would have prevented, but for his 
own imprudency in publishing many pretended reasons for that refusal, 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 19 

and justifying the same by saying lie had authority so to do, from the 
Trustees ; and for insinuating that M? Williamson had been guilty of 
something very notorious which in due time he would make appear. 
After the Grand Jury had found the bills against him, He (Causton) 
obtain'd an order of Court to stay all prossecutions ag s * My Wesley, 
till the Trustees should be acquainted therewith & their pleasure 
known. 

My Causton adds, that the people suspected My Wesley was sent by 
the Trustees with instructions to enforce some particular designs, which 
they the Trustees were apprehensive would be disagreable to the 
people, and that he was to represent to them all such as acted con- 
trary or opposed his measure. 

That My John Brownfeild (Register of the Province) & My Patrick 
Mackay were some of these suspicious persons, and the former, talking 
of Joseph Watsons imprisonment, said the true reason of it was too 
evident, For in his hearing, said Watson on his arrival in the Colony 
ask'd MT Oglethorpe what laws he intended for the Colony, to which 
My Oglethorpe reply'd, Such as the Trustees thought proper, what busi- 
ness had poor people to do with law ? or words to that purpose. That 
M? Oglethorpe since, apprehending it was in Watsons power to testify 
what M T - Oglethorpe had said, & that such Testimony proved would 
discover his arbitrary designs, had therefore taken the opportunity to 
continue Watsons imprisonment as a means to prevent such a plain 
discovery, and he (Brownfeild) verily believed the Two brothers 
Wesleys were instructed to exercise the authority J? Wesley pretended 
to set up, by My Oglethorpe, the better to introduce a slavish obe- 
dience among the people. 

My Causton then proceeds to relate the unlawfull pretensions of the 
Gr. Jury above mention'd (of which the same My Brownfeild was 
Foreman) which Resolv'd 1. That it was the just priviledge of a 
Grand Jury to swear as well as examine wittnesses. 2. To send by 
their own authority, for persons, papers, and Records. 3. That the 
declaration or complaint of a Grand Jury Man was (as such only) 
sufficient Evidence, and binding on the Rest, to charge any Man. 
4. That they had power to adjourn themselves from time to time, 
as they thought fit, and to sit, till they should resolve there was no 
more business before them. He adds, that during these debates, being 
inform'd that the magistrates would soon break up their setting, they 
dispatch'd William Aglionby (a pretended lawyer) to Cbarlestown, 
with certain queries mention'd in his journal. 



20 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [August, 

26 July 1738. After a long detainer by negligence of the Admiralty 
in not time enough, putting on board the necessarys that were to go 
with Col. Oglethorpe, and giving early orders for a Convoy, to gether 
with contrary winds, Col. Oglethorpe saild this day from Spithead : 
but it was apprehended he would be put back by contrary Winds. 

2 Aug"? 9. [Present,] Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam!, P., C. C, Coram 

The, T. 

A Comittee of Comon Council was sufiiond to draw on the Bank 
pursuant to the Order of Comon Council of 17. July. A Trustee board 
was also suniond to consider the kings Instruct 11 . 8 

1. We imprest to Aid 1 ? Heathcote pursuant to the order of Comon 
Council above mention'd, to pay certified Ace*? 2772^6. And M? Ver- 
elts undertook to get the hands of 2 other Comon Counsellors thereto, 
who tho in town did not attend this day. 

2. A letter was read from Col. Cochran to M r . Verelts dat. at Sa- 
vannah 3. June, that the Soldiers he conducted from Giberaltar were 
all well. 

3. M T - Millar the Botanist's letter from Jamaica dat. 26 May last 
was read, expressing his intention to return to England, but that he 
waited for orders whether he should carry his plants to Georgia first. 

We not being a Comon Council board could not make answer 
thereto. 

4. We orderd M. 1 - Verelts to apply to the Lords of the Admiralty 
for a protection for Cap* Thompsons ship, he having foreign servants 
on board for Georgia, but not being able to proceed, his Men being 
prest for the Governments service. Our Minister Mr Norris was to 
go with him. 

5. Col. Horsey new made Gov? of S. Carolina came to us, and 
recieved our compliments on his being sworn into that Office last 
Monday. 

6. I discoursed him on his Majesties instructions in relation to the 
Indian Trade and our obligation to licence Carolina Traders ; (See 
fol? [14]) and I tolcl him it was impossible for the Trustees to comply 
therewith ; For to licence all the Traders he & the Council of S. 
Carolina should recomend, would throw all the Indian Trade of Geor- 
gia into Carolina hands, and deprive the subjects of Georgia of any 
share thereof : that it would disoblige the Indians, and lay him under 
great difficulties, for he would be teiz'd by the Council and Assembly 
to recomend their friends to us for licences, in such numbers, as would 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 21 

destroy the Trade of Carolina her self. That it would be necessary in 
the first place to know and adjust what traders are necessary & suffi- 
cient for each particular Indian Town, and also to ascertain the Bounds 
of each Province that we might know to which any Indian Nation or 
Town belongs. 

He answer'd he was sensible of all this, and thought it necessary we 
should desire an explanation of his Majesties Instruction : that it 
would be a work of time to settle matters, and we should find in him 
all respect and desire to agree with us consistent with his duty to the 
King, and the Interest of his Province. 

Aug" 23. 10. [Present,] Egmont, Hales Steven, Lapotre Hen., P., Smith Sam., 

Vernon Ja., C. C. 

1. Received from our Accomp' a receipt from the Bank of 300^6 
paid in by M? Callard Attorn? of New Inn, the only surviving Trustee 
under the Will of Timothy Wilson Esq. : being part of the Charity 
money he bequeathed to be disposed at the discretion of his Trustees. 
M? Callard bestow'd this on the Trustees. 

2. We took into consideration his Majesties instructions to us, re- 
lating to the Indian trade, & order 'd a letter to Col. Oglethorpe ex- 
pressing our desire that he would concert with Col. Bull L* Gov? of 
South Carolina the appointing persons to settle the Boundaries of each 
Province, and the Nations of Indians within each. Also to compute 
the number of Traders against the number of Nations in each Prov- 
ince. To settle the Nations which one licenc'd Trader can supply, 
and the Nations which require more Traders than one to supply them. 
That one half of the said Traders may be licenc'd by the Comissioner 
of Carolina, and the other half by the Comissioner of Georgia: and that 
the Plans of proper Acts may be prepared & sent over to the Trus- 
tees for their consideration, to answer the purposes of his Majesties 
said instruction ; And that in the mean time the Comissioners of both 
Provinces proceed in their respective Provinces in concert with each 
other to carry on a mutual trade to the Indians in both Provinces. 

3. A certified Ace* from M T . Causton dat. 28 April 1738 for 241.19.9. 
sterl. value in Indian corn deliver'd him by Ellis & Ryan, lately ar- 
rived, was refused payment by us & order'd to be return'd. This gave 
us great offence, for we knew that before the date of this certificate, 
he had received our Orders to certifie no more Accompts. We ob- 
served that this bill came certified in a different manner than for- 
merly, imagining we supposed that this would be taken as not breaking 
our Order against certifying more bills. 



22 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [August, 

4. M? Verelts reported, that the whole number of certified Accompts 
(exclusive of those orderd last Common Council board to be paid, and 
of this last bill, and of another small Ace* of 57<£) amounted to 4209£. 

5. Pursuant to the power given by the Comon Council to any 5 to 
pay these Acc*. s we drew a bill on the Bank for paying the said 4209£ 
to the respective Parties to whom the bills are due. 

6. Three letters from M? Whitfeild, the last of which dated 2. June, 
were read. In it he acquainted us that he intended to return to Eng- 
land Christmass next to take Priests orders, & then go back. 

7. A letter from Mr Andrew Miller our Botanist was read dat. from 
Jamaica 26 May, expressing that he resolv'd to return to England, by 
reason of the discouragements Given by the Spaniards to his designs : 
But that if we pleased, he would first pass to Georgia with the roots & 
plants he had collected for our use. 

We order'd a letter to him, that it would please us if he went to 
Georgia with his collections, but that having been long Subscribers to 
him, and seen no fruits of the expence we had been at, but on the con- 
trary dissappointment of our expectations, we could not be at the 
charge of sending him to Georgia. 

Aug 3 * 23. This week died Col. Horsey the late appointed Gov' of 
South Carolina, which was a misfortune to our Colony, he being 
recomended Gov? of that Province, a man of good sence, & a friend 
to our designs. He died suddenly of the Appoplexy. He was after- 
wards succeeded by M? . . Glen, but not having a sallary appointed 
him did not go over. It seems Col. Oglethorpe had obtain'd the 
1000 £ p ann. allow'd to the Gov? as Comander in Chief of the Forces 
of that Province, and that being all the sallary the Gov? receiv'd, 
M? Glen found it difficult to get a sallary for himself, without which 
he could not go over, being himself so poor, that he was obliged 2 
years ago to borrow 5 guineas of my son, which he never repay'd. 
He is an enemy to our Colony because Col. Oglethorpe has the sallary 
above mention'd. 

Gov? Horsey, to whom the Goverment had given the same instruc- 
tions as to us, concerning the Indian Trade, dying, the Goverm* forgot 
to renew them to the Lieu* Gov? of South Carolina Col. Bull, or to 
give them to this Gov? Glen : so that no progress could be made in 
the affair. 

Aug 8 .* 26, 1738. Our Sec^ M? Stephens took a note of the cultivated 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 23 

Acres belonging to the Inhabitants of the 6 Wards of Savannah town, 
there were but 260^- acres cultivated. 

Aug. 26, 1738. W. Causton wrote the Trustees that both the French 
& Spaniards endeavour'd to stir up the Creek Indians against the Eng- 
lish, but could not prevail. 

2. That the Carolina Traders have also done a great deal of mis- 
chief. 

3. That Cap^ Roger Lacy died the 3? ins^ by drinking too liberally. 

4. That the Crops at Augusta answer'd not expectation by reason 
of the excessive drought, but would have 100 bushells of corn, and 
were in good health. 

5. That Joseph Hethrington, Philip Bishop, and Tra. Elgar serv^ to 
M r . s Lacy were indicted for killing & stealing sundry peoples cattel, 
& found guilty. 

6. That the Widow Lacy was also indicted for receiving the same. 

7. That Hethrington & Bishop had broke jail, & with them Tho. 
Wright a Carolina Indian Trader. 

8. That killing other peoples cattel was become very frequent. 

Aug. 26. Mr Horton wrote to the Trustees from Savannah, that 
the people at Frederica enjoy an uncomon share of health : that they 
are very peacable, that they had cultivated as much land as they can 
take care of, but for want of servants could not clear so much as the 
people of Darien. 

2. That the Crops of corn was very bad & parched up, being bad 
grain & the season dry : but the gardens were very flourishing, & a 
great help. 

August 28. James Lewis Camus the silk man wrote desiring the 
Trustees assistance, and that the soil of Georgia is very favourable for 
Mulberry Trees provided the Inhabitants would take care of them. 
And that he had seeds of the worm sufficient for next year, provided 
there would be leaves to feed them. 

Sept' 6. 11. [Present,] Egmont, Hales Steven, Lapotre Hen., LaRoche J? , Smith 
Sam., Towers Tho., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

S unions for a Comittee of Ace*. 3 

1. We considerd the Ace*? of M? Chardon late Merch* of Charles- 
town, who for some time was employ'd in Commissions by the Trus- 



24 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [October, 

tees, for furnishing Georgia w*? 1 provisions &c. He had for a time de- 
manded 5 p cent Comission, but the Trustees thought that unreason- 
able to allow him on money, tho they were willing to allow it on 
Goods, and he acquiesced therein. Nevertheless, when he died last 
year, his Executors wrote to desire our allowing 5 p cent comission on 
both in his past accounts : and employ'd M? Simonds the Merch* to 
negotiate it ; But we satisfied him they had no right to expect it of 
us, we producing Mr Chardons Ace* made up with us before his death, 
wherein he charged us no otherwise than we were willing to allow. 

We told Mf Simons that we would allow Chardons Executors Inter- 
est for the ballance of Chardons Ace* when the same should be ad- 
justed, but this could not be done but by the Comon Council before 
whom we would lay the affair. 

2. We examin'd M? Paris our Solicitor's bill, and resolv'd to report 
to the Comon Council, that the remainder thereof ought to be paid. 

3. Drew on the Bank 241 £ for paym* of certified Ace* 

Sept. 13. 1738. Col. Oglethorpe wrote to the Trustees from on 
board the Blanford in the Soundings of the Coast of Georgia, that he, 
his Officers & Soldiers were all well. 

Sept. 26. They landed at Frederica. 

7. Oct. 1738. Col. Oglethorpe wrote to the Trustees, that at his ar- 
rival at Frederica the people petition 'd him for support, the great 
drought, & Spanish Allarms which took them from their houghing 
haveing dissappointed them in their Cropps, so that they must have 
perish'd but for MT Horton's supplying them out of his own store. 
That he had granted their petition so far as to continue to furnish 
them for 6 months upon Credit ; But if they have not a supply from 
Parliam* their misery will be inexpressible. 

2. That he believed there was great roguery in the certified Ace*? 

3. That the Indian corn bought by M? Causton at 3/6 a bushel he 
had issued at 1/2. 

4. That the Trustees would do well to send over a Cargo of 50 or 60 
Tun of Strong beer, which would be a better remittance than money, 
& the only means to keep out Rum. That there was drawn 6 barrils 
a day. 

5. That he had empty magazines, a great number of mouths to feed, 
no money to support the Colony for 8 months but 500£ sola bills sent 
over with him, and there was a great debt contracted. 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 25 

6. That a great number of idle people were ran away from the 
Northern division, part for debt, and part for fear of the Spaniards, 
But he heard of several industrious people of some substance were will- 
ing to come at their own expence, if they might have the forfeited 
Lotts. 

7. That the Creeks were coming down to be satisfy'd if he was dis- 
graced in England as the Spaniards reported, who had tempted them 
with presents to joyn against us : which journey of theirs would be a 
great expence, for presents must be given them. 

8. That he had discover'd a combination of some soldiers in his 
Regiment who had served in the Irish Regiments in France and Spain, 
to kill the officers, and go into foreign services. 

9. That he had sent us a Plan of the Town of Frederica with the 
granted lotts, and the names of the Possessors. 

That some families go away & others come. 

That he had sent us the Petition for subsistance of the Old Free- 
holders, and of the new, and the weekly issues to them before his arri- 
val : the Establishment also at S* Andrews. 

10. That there were 19 Trust Servants at S* Andrews, and 10 on 
pay which last he had reduced, and would supply by Trust serv*. s 
from other parts. 

11. That he had continued MT Hugh Mackay to oversee the Trust 
servants, & one storekeeper. That the surgeon of the Regim? would 
take care of the Trust servants in sickness, whereby that expence 
would be saved, and their expence would amount but to 7.12.0. p 
ann. 

12. That Mv Auspurger Surveyor was on pay at 3 shill. a day ; J? 
Calwell Deputy Surveyor at 2 shill. & the hired Labourers at same 
rate. 

13. That it would be necessary to keep a Cow keeper, the 2 clerks 
Smalwood & Dobre*, and White the storekeeper on pay. 

14. That if we do not all this, & maintain the Inhabitants at the Al- 
lowance he has agreed to give them & which they would repay, they 
could not keep together. 

15. It appears there were then 54 Freehold Lotts occupied. 

On the 19 Oct. 1738 Col. Oglethorpe wrote the Trustees 

1. That he had not issued the 500,£ Sola bills, nor intended till he 
further heard from us. 

2. And had taken possession of Mr Caustons books and Ace*? of the 

4 



26 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [October, 

Stores, but they were thought defective, were found so : that great 
part of the steers & hogs charged to the Accompt were wild in the 
woods & others lost, the price of all overcharged. 

The Ace* of Stores sent to Frederica not allow'd by the Storekeeper 
there, he alledging he could prove they were not deliver'd : the Da- 
rien the same, and a great part of what they received was damaged 
when sent. 

3. That the estimate of monthly allowance of provisions for servants 
would lead one into an Error, for most of those MF Causton trusted 
w*? servants cannot maintain them, & depend on the stores for subsis- 
tance. 

4. That he could not as yet find that Causton had been guilty of get- 
ting for himself, tho he had unaccountably trifled away the Trustees 
money. That one of the follys brought this ruin was the trusting of 
people that importun'd him, with goods & provisions of all kinds, 
and then letting them discharge their debts by day labour in trifling 
works. 

5. Whilst money was thus squander'd, the real necessary charges 
of the Colony were not defray'd. 

6. That the industrious poor people who had saved by frugality, 
had lodged their little all in the store, hoping to have provisions from 
thence in their necessity, must now perish for want if the store cannot 
pay, and the like misery must befall all the Trust Servants, as well as 
many of the Inhabitants, whom sickness & misfortunes have hinderd 
from having a crop this year. 

7. That he can see nothing but destruction to the Colony, unless 
some assistance be imediatly sent. 

8. That if this had not happen'd the Colony had overcome all its 
difficulties, and been in a flourishing condition. For 

9. The Italians begin to like the place, and the family of Camus 
have wound silk as fine as the last was which was made in Georgia. 
There are a great many mulberry trees in the garden which begin to 
recover themselves, so that next year they will feed a great quantity 
of worms. 

10. That Earth is found which Duche" the Potter has baked into 
China ware. 

11. That they have found stone, and make very good lime & 
brick. 

12. That several yoaks of Oxen are broke, and there are several 
carts with horses. 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 27 

13. That since the idle people are gone away, there appears a spirit 
of industry, but he feard it comes too late, if they are not speedily 
supported. 

14. That the Trustees Saw mill has work'd, and saw'd 700 foot 
a'day. which if managed right will bring an Income. 

15. That the lowest sum to carry on the Civil concernes of the Col- 
ony if we expect any success in the improvment in silk & wine, & to 
keep up a form of Civil Goverment will be 5000 £ expended in the 
Province. 

16. That the Trustees are exceedingly in the right in sending over 
that sum in time, & not suffering any debt to be contracted there to 
which the Trustees can be liable. 

17. That he fears Causton dos not know what the Trustees owe. 
and there is, tis said, above 1000,£ owing to Carpenters for building 
sheds, boat hire, hutts &c not yet brought in. 

18. That we may be led into a mistake if we beleive that there is 
money due to the stores there, from the Account M 1 . Causton sent of 
goods issued from the stores to sundry persons, for most of those peo- 
ple were Creditors, who were paid what was due to them, by giving 
them Credit with the Shop Owners. 

19. That he cannot obey our orders to build a Church and cultivate 
land for Religious uses, unless the Trustees send him sola bills, or or- 
der him to issue those in his possession, and place in the Bank as much 
of the money appropriated to religious uses, as shall answer the bills 
which we order him to issue : For he will not incurr any debt. 

20. That MT Caustons excuse for exceeding so excessively his orders 
and thereby plunging the Colony into its present difficulties was, That 
he made no expences, but what necessity forced him to, and he would 
prove that necessity. That the multitude forced him to build a Fort 
for fear of the Spaniards. That the Saltsburgers and other charges 
were not provided for in the Estimates or Establishments sent over by 
the Trustees. That he recieved that Establishment too late to com- 
ply with it. That the prices of provisions were treble to what they 
were at his (Col. Oglethorpes) first arrival there, from whence the 
Trustees calculated the Estimate. That the Spanish Allarms obliged 
him to comply with the peoples humours, and therefore to give any 
prices to Sloops to bring down provisions to the Colony. That he had 
not been guilty of any fraud, nor converted any of the Trustees mony 
to his own use. That all he had in the world was laid out in improv- 
ments on his lot in the Colony, and he would^give all as Security to 
abide and justify his Ace*? 



28 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

21. That the said Causton had accordingly given Security, and had 
dilivred the stores, books &c to MF Jones according to the Trustees 
appointment. 

22. That the Saltsburgers thrive, as also the people of Highgate & 
Hampstead. 

23. That there are abundance of good houses built in Savannah. 

The same 19*? 1 October Col. Oglethorpe wrote to the Trustees an- 
other letter setting forth the advantages of the Colony to Gr. Britain, 
and giving reasons which he hoped the Trustees would expose to Par- 
liament in order to obtain a large Supply the session that was to fol- 
low. 

The same 19 Oct. M? Norris wrote to the Trustees that he arrived 
at Savannah on the 15*? 1 of that month, where the unhappy situation 
of the Colony, and the disagreable reception Col. Oglethorpe gave 
him, so contrary to the assurances of the Trustees, seem'd fatally in- 
stant to obviate the good intents and purposes of his coming & contin- 
uance there. 

That he told him, that unless he would depend soley on Him who 
feeds the Ravens &c he (Col. Oglethorpe) neither could, or might with 
security give him credit there. 

That he further told him Mr Whitfeild had made Savannah his resi- 
dence, and at his departure substituted Mf Habersham in his ministe- 
rial office, in which he was expected to continue till M? Whitfeilds 
return, and whom by the letter of his (Mr. Norris's) licence he was 
judged neither to superceed or vacate in the Cure of Savannah. 

Nevertheless he would not be discouraged to stay, till he received ad- 
vice from the Trustees. 

On the 20 Nov^ r 1738 Col. Oglethorpe wrote me the disagreable 
situation he was in, a great number of debts, empty magazines, no 
money to supply them, numbers of people to be fed, mutinous soldiers 
to comand, a Spanish claim, and a large body of their troops not far 
from him. That the debts could not be avoided, since no one could 
dare to dismiss the Militia, or reduce the Garisons till the kings troops 
arrived to relieve them : and this had forced an expence of 20000 £ in 
a year, when only 8000 £ was granted. That there must be a vigor- 
ous application to Parliam* to pay those debts. 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 29 

. . . November 1738 M? Whitfeild landed at Limerick, and arriv- 
ing in Dublin preach'd 2 Sermons there with great applause. 

On the 224 Nov b . r Col. Oglethorpe wrote the Trustees a circumstan- 
cial Ace* of a Mutiny in his camp the 1. of that month, and his manner 
of quelling it. He ran great danger of his life having 3 shots made at 
him. 

On the same day Col. Oglethorpe wrote the Trustees, that he could 
not yet get M? Causton's ballance of his Ace* 3 

2. That he beleived there was above 8000 £ due in Georgia be- 
sides the certified Ace* 

3. That the expence for a year, for Improvment of the Colony, the 
Civil Goverm* and presents to the Indians could not be brought under 
5000£. 

4. That he beleived the Military expences of the year between the 
ceasing of the Military establishment and the arrival of the Regiment 
might amount to 12000£, so that he reckon'd the debts certified and 
uncertified that were unpaid must amount to near that sum, and the 
expence of the year from his arrival this November to the 1. of Next 
Nov 1 ?' would be 5000£. That if the Parliament should not pay the 
debts, it would not only be impossible to support the Colony atall, 
but the misery of the poor people who came on their own expence, and 
trusted their little fortunes on the publick faith, would be inexpressi- 
ble : The Clamour also of the Merchants who furnish'd Provisions &c 
in the time of the Spanish Alarm on seeing the necessity of supporting 
the Colony would be very great. 

5. That he was so confident the Parliam* would grant the 17000£ 
that he ventured on paying all the necessary expences here, without 
drawing on the Trustees, or charging them with any debt, till he heard 
the determination of Parliament, which he fear'd would not be near 6 
months, in which time he fear'd he should have expended 2500,£. 

6. That pursuant to the Trustees order he had p? Abr™ DeLyon 
100 £ to enable him to carry on the Vinyards : and had secured to 
him the other 200 £. 

7. That he had paid at Savannah about 400£, part in purchassing 
provisions for the most necessitous, part for making up presents for 
the Indians, 4 Kings of whom with their attendants 80 in all came 
down thither to meet him, and to assure their fidelity to his Majesty, 
& that they had rejected the French offers. 



30 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

8. That he had sent the Trustees the Officers certificate of expences 
on the arrival of the first part of the troops, which must amount to 
above 1000 £. 

9. That he had deliverd the Yawl to the Pilot for a Pilot boat ac- 
cording to the Trustees order. 

10. That he had orderd copies of the wast book kept at the store 
in Frederica to be made out, and sent over every month from the time 
he went over. 

Dec. 6. 12. [Present,] Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam!, Vernon Ja., C. C. 
These Gentlemen met in Comittee but what they did I know not. 

On the 9 Dec b . r 1738 a very sawcy Memorial was sign'd by 118 
Freeholders & Landholders of Savannah town & the northern division 
of the Province, to obtain the Use of Negroes, and the liberty of selling 
their lands at will. I made observations in writing on their sev* char- 
acters. See the substance of it [in Journal, Apr. 21, 1739.] 

On the 12 Dec. 1738 Mi" Norris wrote M? Verelts from Savannah a 
complaint that Church affairs had been ill conducted in Savannah, by 
MT John Wesley formerly, and now more lately by Ml' Whitfeild. 

1. That numbers had been excluded the Cominion whom neither 
the Gospel, nor the constitution of the Church rejected. 

2. That in the common form of Prayer &c the Exhortation, Absolu- 
tion, Psalms, and first lesson were totally omitted, and the Collects & 
prayers so abridg'd and contracted, that few or no petitions were con- 
tained or offerd up in them. 

3. That the hours of publick worship were so unseasonable & disa- 
greable, to most constitutions, as prevented the frequency of some, & 
drew many into a gradual dislike & neglect to them. 

4. That the judaizing spiritual pride of the late pastors gave great 
offence to the consciences & affections of most people. 

5. That a seperate nightly Assembly was formed at the Ministers 
house, which made up a comunion of saints, and were distinguish'd by 
the name of the Faithfull, but were indeed such Members as neither 
contributed to the Credit of Religion, nor Society. They observ'd par- 
ticular forms of Worship and duties, such as publick confession, Pen- 
ance, absolution &c. Many believed that an Avenue was herein 
opening to Popery. 

6. That he had a difficult part to act to bring the people back to a 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 31 

just sence but was successful, therein by tbe assistance of the truly vir- 
tuous & pious Col. Stephens. 

7. That the people of Hamstead & Highgate had been upwards of 
two years excluded the Sacrament by My J? Wesley, tho they proffest 
the Faith and articles of our church. 

8. That the publick school at Savannah consisted of about 40 boys, 
whom he catechized twice every week in school, and every Sunday 
evening in church. 

9. That MF Habersham the Schoolmaster, had employ'd all his au- 
thority and credit to the prejudice of his Ministry & private character. 

10. That he was preparing a Registry book, and would in the next 
send us a model of it. 

11. He concluded with a list of the births marriages & deaths 
which had happen'd in his time from 22 Oct. 1738 to 3 Dec b . r follow- 
ing. 

12* Dec b . r 1738 W. J? Martin Boltzius Minister at Ebenezar wrote 
to M? Newman, the condition & Intention of the Orphan house there, 
& the satisfaction the people had on ace* of the good situation they 
were in. That they were all agreed to represent their happy situation, 
which they hoped would invite other Saltsburgers to joyn them, and 
whom they prayed might be sent. 

That he had been obliged to build a house, his hut being rotten, & 
design'd to beseech Col. Oglethorpe to lend him 40 £ for that purpose, 
and if the Trustees would advance money towards it, he should be able 
to repay him. 

He acknowledg'd the Trustees having allow'd 10<£ for the building 
one house. 

Dec''!' 13. 13. [Present,] Egmont, Hales Steven, LaRoche J?, Lapotre Hen. 
Smith Sam., Towers Tho., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to peruse & pass the yearly Ace*. 8 of 
Receipts & disbursments to 9 June 1738. But we were not a board. 

1. Benefaction rec? from a person unknown of 20 guineas for relig- 
ious uses. 

2. My Vernon proposed the sending for 20 Saltsburgers to embark 
for Georgia pursuant to a letter receiv'd from Germany, wherein they 
only desired the Trustees would pay their passage. 

I objected thereto, the expence amounting to 100<£, and we having 
but 900£ left for the General Uses of the Colony : besides as we were 
not a Coition Council we could resolve nothing upon it. 



32 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

But DV Hales & MT Towers were of opinion with M? Vernon, that 
we should venture transgressing in this point, being sure the next 
Comon Council would agree thereto ; they urged that the Agent in his 
letter required a speedy answer, that any delay might occasion the loss 
of the season proper for their arrival in Georgia, and Cap! Thompson 
would be return'd from thence & ready to transport them in February. 
That their brethren at Ebenezar had written they were in great want 
of women for marriage, and that as these people behave the best & are 
the most industrious of any in the Colony, it was very desirable their 
number should be encreased, and we could not do it so cheap as on the 
terms now desired, the paying only for their passage. 

The Trustees agreeing therefore with these Gentlemen, orderd the 
Accomptant to write to the Agent that if only 20 Saltsburgers came, 
he could venture to assure him that the Trustees would pay their pas- 
sage to Georgia from England, they bearing their own expences hither, 
but that he could not promise they would meet with further encourage- 
ment, there not being a Board to consider the letter wrote by him & 
take resolution thereon. 

3. I acquainted the Gentlemen that Sam! Forster Esq had presented 
the Colony with a parcel of Vine-cuttings. 

4. M? Whitfeild arrived from Georgia to take Priests orders, was 
call'd in, and acquainted us briefly with the State of the Colony when 
he left it, 

1. That the people of Savannah are many of them lew'd, and drink- 
ers of Rum inspight of the law against it, even to the killing them- 
selves, and are very lazy. 

2. That most of them alledged for cause of their not improving their 
lands, the barrenness thereof, the want of Negroes, and the not allow- 
ing Females to inherit. And that the dissappointment of last years 
crop by want of rain had discouraged many who were industrious. 

3. That many who had Servants of their own, lived by hiring them 
out to others, the profit of whose labours they took to themselves & had 
spent, neglecting to employ them on their lands: 

4. That when the time of those Servants should be out, their Mas- 
ters must leave the Colony for want of means to hire new Ones. 

5. That the Servants themselves when free, do leave the Colony, tho 
they have a title to land, because they have not any money to cultivate 
such land, or ability to hire Servants, without whose help they are not 
able singly to do it. 

6. That nevertheless, some are industrious, & very many religiously 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 33 

disposed, he having had at Savannah crowded Churches, & at morning 
& evening prayers near 200 persons. 

7. That the childrens Schools are well frequented, & carefully con- 
ducted by the School masters. 

8. That his arrival he told MF Causton our Chief Magistrate, that 
he was resolv'd not to intermeddle at all in Civil affairs ; on which 
Mf Causton said, Then, he would not intermeddle in Ecclesiastical 
affairs. 

9. That he was very fond of his duty there, and the people loved 
him, and he would return again in case certain propositions he in- 
tended to deliver us in writing were comply'd with : otherwise he 
would remain in England, where he hoped to be able to do more good 
than in Georgia if those propositions were refused. 

10. He extoll'd the admirable harmony, industry, neatness & piety 
of the Saltsburgers at Ebenezar, and concluded with 

11. a complaint against M? Dyson late Chaplain to the Independant 
Company & now to Col. Oglethorpes Regiment, that he is a drunkard, 
and marry's people at Savannah without Licence from the Magistrate 
in kitchens & cellars, some of whom have wives or husband living, & 
others are servants to different Masters, which may prove of ill conse- 
quence to those masters. 

13. Dec b . r 1738 Mr Whitfeild arrived in London, to take Priests or- 
ders. 

De&: 20. 14. [Present,] Archer Hen., Ch., Ayers Rob', Egmont, Hales Steven, 
Heathcote ST Will., Lapotre Hen., LaRoche J?, Smith Sam., Towers Tho., P., 
Vernon Ja., C. G. 

1. Report was made of the Annual Ace? of Receipts and disburs- 
ments ending 9 June 1738, and of the Ballance remaining in the Bank 
of England, found to be 4226.0.6. 

Orderd that any three of the Comon Council wait with the said 
Ace* on the Lf Chancell? & Master of the Rolls. 
And then that 100 copies thereof be printed. 

2. Rec? the Report of the Comittee of Ace*. 3 touching My Chardons 
Ace*. 3 and the pretentions of his Executors ; Agreed to said report. 

3. Draft made on the Bank of 429.18.10 to pay the ballance of 
said Ace* to Mf Simond the merch*. 

4. Resolv'd that a sum not exceeding 100 £ be apply 'd for sending 
to Georgia certain Saltsburgers, being to pay their passage from Eng- 



34 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

land : and that the Rev? MT Urlspieger of Ausburg be acquainted 
therewith. 

5. Payment orderd of 57.17.0 being an Ace* certified by M? Caus- 
ton before he receivd the Trustees orders to certifie no more, it was 
dat. 7. March 1737. 

6. Report from the Comittee of Comon Council empowred the 17. 
July last to pay certified Acc*. s that on the 23. August they drew on the 
Bank for 3967 £. for paym* of said certified Ace*. 3 (except one bill or 
Ace* for 241.19.9 for which security was necessary for the Trustees 
to be indemnified against a double payment) and that on the 6 Sept b . r 
following, the said other Ace* was order'd to be paid, the draft of the 
condition of a proper bond of indemnity being approved of, and M.* } 
Lawrence Williams signing said bond. And that a draft was made on 
the bank the same day for 241 £. to said Williams for payment there- 
of. 

7. Report from the Comittee who attended the cancelling sola bills 
return'd to England and paid within the last year end? 9 June 1738, 
was made by said Comittee, viz. that on the 30 October and 4*. h No- 
vember last, 1846 £ of said sola bills were cancell'd in their presence, 
and affixt to their respective charges : & that the value in said sola 
bills so cancell'd & fyled amounted in the whole to the sum of 4532=£. 

8. A certified Ace*, for provisions & necessaries dat. 5 Aug. 1738 
amounting to 426.0.2 due to Samuel Montagut & Comp7 brought for 
paym? the 7 l . h ins*. And another certified Ace? for provisions & neces- 
saries dat. 20*. h Aug 8 * 1738, amounting 587.13.0 due to Robert & John 
Williams brought for payment the 24 ins* were order'd not to be paid, 
but return'd to Georgia for payment ; both these bills being certified 
since MT Causton acknowledg'd his receipt of the Trustees orders not 
to certifie any more bills. 

9. A Petition was read from the 2 Clerks of the Stores at Savannah 
praying that their sallarys of 10£ each p ann. might be advane'd, or 
else to have leave to resign. 

10. Read also a petition from Sam! Wagoner for leave to alienate his 
Lot at Hampstead. 

Both these petitions were refer'd to a Comittee to consider of. 

11. The several letters & Journals mentioned to be arrived from 
Georgia (fol. [16 to 24]) were refer'd to a Committee to meet next 
Wednesday. Some things contained in them required speedy consid- 
eration, but the Gentlemen would not now enter on them, which 
gave me no small trouble to see how little attention they gave to the 
business of the Colony. 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 35 

To these letters were added a complaint of M T . Patrick Grant against 
Bailif Parker for abusing hirn, 

And an application of Edward Busk blacks mitk to succeed M 1 . 
West in that business. 

12. We took into consideration M? Whitfeilds proposals (mention'd 
fol. [36]) on which he offer'd to return to Georgia, and resolv'd, 

That he should be appointed Minister at Savannah with the allow- 
ance of 50 <£ p ann., and that the same be certified to the Bishop of 
London, that he might admit him to Priest's orders. 

That the Benefactions to be collected by MF Whitfeild under the 
Comission he desires, shall when collected be particularly apply'd for 
erecting an orphan house in Georgia, and building a place of worship 
for the Saltsburgers at Ebenezar. 

That the supply's to MT Whitfeild shall be in money. 

That a 5 acre lot at or near Savannah be granted to M? Whitfeild to 
be fenced & cleared by the Trustees servants who are appointed to cul- 
tivate 300 acres for religious uses at Savannah. 

That the offer of a young gentleman from Bristol proposed by MV 
Whitfeild to be an universal Apothecary at Savannah to serve the poor 
gratis, and those that can pay, at prime cost be accepted, and that he 
be desired to send to the Trustees a particular of the druggs, food & 
raiment he shall require in order to make an estimate thereof. 

13. Resolv'd that 15<£. be paid to MF Whitfeild for so much fur- 
nished by him to MTDelamot, schoolmaster to enable him to return to 
England. 

14. Resolv'd that Q£ be p? to M? Whitfeild to buy necessaries for 
M? Habersham schoolmaster at Savannah for the year ensuing. 

15. Resolv'd the Churchyard at Savannah be new fenced, that 2 
christening basons & 2 burying clothes for Savannah & Frederica, & 
some brass candlesticks be bought. 

16. Resolv'd that M? Will. Norris (appointed 12 July last to per- 
form religious & Ecclesiastical offices in Georgia in the room of M T . 
John Wesley, with an allowance of 50 <£ p ann.) be appointed Minister 
at Frederica, on My Whitfeilds arrival at Savannah. 

17. Resolv'd that directions be given for building a house at Fred- 
erica for the said M? Norris to live in, and that a proper place be 
made fit for the Inhabitants to assemble in for divine service until a 
church can be built. 

18. Resolv'd that a 5 acre lot at or near Frederica be granted for 
the Ministers house there to be fenced and clear'd by the Trustees 



36 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

servants appointed to cultivate 300 acres for religious uses at Fred- 
erica. 

20 Dec b . r 1738. Ml Whitfield deliver'd proposals to the Trustees, 
which were to be the conditions on which he off er'd to return to Geor- 
gia, which w*? the Trustees answer may be seen in the Book of letters. 

20 Dec b . r 1738. At the meeting this day of the Comon Council, MF 
Delamot late schoolmaster at Savannah, a Methodist, who arrived a 
short time since from the Colony, presented himself. He is son to a 
sugar baker, and went over at his own expence to instruct the children 
of the Colony in reading, writing, and the principles of Christianity. 
He now was enter'd on his fathers business, designing not to return. 

He gave us but a bad account of the Colony. 

1. He complain'd of Mr Caustons Tiranny. 

2. Of the poorness of the land, 3 parts in four of which as far as he 
had seen is pine barren, "and cannot answer the labour of the occupiers. 

3. Of the poverty of the people. 

4. That the white mulberry tree dos not grow well there : contrary 
to all the Ace*. 3 we ever had of it. 

5. That the surveyor is both negligent & ignorant in laying out the 
peoples land, so that when some have cultivated their supposed lotts, 
they have been disposest by others who laid claim thereto, as being 
part of their land survey'd to them before by Jones. 

6. That Mr Caustons arbitrary behaviour, who overrules y e other 
Magistrates, joyn'd with the badness of the land, the uncertainty of 
tenure, the disatisfaction that females may not inherit &c numbers of 
people have left the Colony, & half that remain will soon be gone. 

7. That Mr Causton had taken care to have the best land in all the 
Province and is rich, having 200 head of cattel, and his land finely 
improved : That 4 or 5 who are his favourites may have what they 
please from the stores, but all others are often deny'd what is their 
due. 

BecemV. 27. 15. [Present,] Egmont, Heathcote Sf Will., Lapotre Hen., LaRoche 
J.°, Smith Sam!, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comittee of Correspondence Sumond. 

1. My Whitfeild attending, we seal'd his Commission to collect 
money for erecting an Orphan house at Savanah, and a church at 
Ebenezar. 



1738.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 37 

2. We acquainted him that we had agreed to his proposals which 
were the conditions on which he offer'd to return, and be our Minister 
at Savanah. 

3. We drew up a Memorial to the Bishop of London, desiring he 
would give him a letter to the Bishop of Gloucester (who was shortly 
to ordain at Oxford) that he might there ordain him Priest, he being 
at present only Deacon. 

4. We desired My Whitfeild to let us know what sum he should 
have collected by our deputation to him, because we should thereby 
be judges, what might be further necessary for us to contribute to ac- 
complish the design of erecting the Orphan house, and the church at 
Ebenezar. 

5. We also promis'd him, that a lot of 5 acres should be laid out 
peculiar for the Minister of Savanah. 

He went away thoroughly satisfied. 

6. We read My Stephens journal, and took notes of several things 
therein contain'd, which merited our giving particular directions in. 

7. Several other matters were resolv'd on, and order'd to be re- 
ported to the Comon Council. 

30 DecV 1738. 1. This day the Accomp* acquainted me that Col. 
Oglethorpe landed the 15 Sept b . r at S* Simons : 

2. And had pursuant to the Trustees directions removed Mr Caus- 
ton from the sole management of the publick stores, on ace* of certify- 
ing Ace*? for stores taken by him contrary to order : and had put the 
care of the stores in Comission under the said Causton, Mr Stephens 
our Secretary and a third person. 

3. And that now there was a total stop put to all Credit. 

This Ace* was wrote the 15 October last by Lieu? Col. Cochran to 
a jew in America, who sent it to his Correspondent in London. 

Jan v _ 3? 16. [Present,] Archer Tho., P., Archer Hen., Egmont, Vernon Ja., C. C, 
Anderson Ad?, Coram Tho., T. T. 

The Sumons was for a Trustee board. 

1. We perused the draft of the Application we were to make this 
year to ST Hobert Walpole for obtaining of the Parliament 8000c£ for 
the support and further improvment of the Colony. 

2. My Whitfeild and My Delamot came to us. They told us that 
the Surveyor had been of infinite loss to the Colony thro his neglect of 
laying out the peoples lotts, whereby they remaind a charge year 
after year on our store, having no land of their own to cultivate. 



38 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

That he was also so unskilf ull as to attribute one mans ground to 
another mans Lot, which being improved by the first Occupant, was 
afterwards claimed & detained by the second, to the ruin of the first, 
and to the discouragement of others from improving, who knew not 
but their lotts might have the same fate. Especially as they could not 
get out their Titles to their lands, and consequently had nothing to 
shew for them, or to defend their right by. 

That he was rather a Servant to MF Causton than a surveyor, and 
follow'd more the business of hunting after run away Servants than his 
proper Employ of Surveyor. 

3. That M? Causton was passionate & vindictive, and kept all in 
awe of him. That he had 400 acres, all the very best land, well 
stock'd with Cattel, and well improved. 

4. That M? Whitfield, when he first open'd School was not suffer'd 
to instruct the children above 7 years old, under pretence they were 
then to be employ'd in labour, which yet they were too young to un- 
dergo, and would both spoil their growth and strength and health. 
That at first MT Causton was sensible of this, but afterwards by Col. 
Oglethorpes order he took such children away. 

5. That they knew of no mulberry trees planted by the Inhabit- 
ants. 

7. That the people of Darien & Frederica are industrious : But not 
so at Savannah : and the servants of the adjacent Vilages are meer 
heathens. 

3? Jan7 1738 / 9. A number of the Inhabitants in and about Sa- 
vannah having desired the use of Negroe Slaves (as mention'd in Folio 
[30]) Divers Freeholders of Darien this day sign'd a petition against 
them. 

On the 9 Jan? 1738/9 MT Verelts acquainted me that W. Tho. Ar- 
cher, his brother MT Henry Archer, and M! Hucks waited that morning 
on Sr Robert Walpole to put him in mind of his promise last year, that 
he would take care we should have 8000£ from Pari! this year. They 
gave him our Memorial which we prepared for him the 3? ins! and he 
promised we should certainly have 8000 £ which he would take upon 
him, but that we must petition the Parliament for it in the usual 
course. That the thing spoke itself. That it was agreed between our 
Court & that of Spain to appoint Comissioners on each side, to ex- 
amine to which Kingdom Georgia belong'd, whether it be part of S. 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 39 

Carolina or of Florida ; and therefore not to support our settlement 
while that is a dispute, were to give up the point before examination, 
as on the other hand to put the 8000 £ into an estimate instead of pro- 
ceeding by way of petition, would be to determine a disputed matter 
too soon in our own favour. That in reality there was no going by 
way of estimate, for there is but 3 services provided for that way, 
namely the Ordenance, the military, and the Navy, and Georgia could 
be put under none of those heads. 

NB. Thus did S! Robert trifle with the Trustees, & break his re- 
peated promises. 

Jan". 10. 17. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, P., Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam!, 

Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Coifion Council was sumond, but we were not a Board. 

1. We read the remainder of letters received by last packets from 
Georgia, and made some remarks for heads of letters in answer to 
them. 

2. M r Whitfield having wrote us a letter wherein he varied a little 
from his first proposalls, we drew up an answer thereto. 

We judged that his design of preaching and procuring subscriptions 
for building a Church at Ebenezar, and an Orphan house at Savannah, 
without putting the Trustees to any charge on that Ace! was worthy 
of our pleasing him in all we reasonably could : But to put the entire 
direction and management of the Orphan house into his hands, with- 
out communicating to us his schemes, or giving us an Ace! how the 
money collected by him is laid out, we thought to be not in our power, 
we being our selves Trustees of the Orphans, which Trust cannot be 
entirely given up by us to another. 

But this we agreed, that if he acquainted us with the sums collected 
by him, and made an Ace! to us how he expended it, he should have 
our Comission as Treasurer to the Orphan house, and be at liberty to 
disburse the money in the way he thought best for carrying on the 
design. 

That as to his desire of our giving him another kind of deputation 
to make collections than our usual printed ones, we judged it not 
proper : but since he thought it ran in too general terms for the par- 
ticular purposes above mention'd, we would give him an explanation 
thereof, sign'd by our Secretary to make it conformable to his desire. 

That as to his desire, that the Servants appointed for cultivating 
lands for religious uses might be put entirely under his direction to be 



40 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

employ'd as he thought fit and as long as he thought fit, we resolv'd 
that could not be allow'd him in so general a manner. That they are 
design'd to cultivate 300 acres for religious uses in general, of which 
the sallary to him is only a part, but that a sallary was the first thing 
we intended to provide for out of the profits of the land when culti- 
vated, & till then the Trustees would pay him the 50 £ per ann. out of 
their Cash. But before this cultivation was begun, the servants should 
be employ'd in cultivating the 5 Acres he had desired to be appropri- 
ated to the Ministers use. 

3. Mr Cooksey lately arrived from Savannah appear'd before us. 
He said he left the Colony for fear Mr Causton should arrest him for 
100 £ he had lent to him of the Trustees money without or orders, 
and which he was not able to pay, but hoped our indulgence therein. 

He said that alth6 he had been 4 years in the Colony, he could 
never get his land run out, which prevented his cultivating, and was 
of vast loss to him. That thereupon he had settled himself upon 180 
acres of Trust land on the River side, which he desired we would make 
him a grant of, and allow him to part with his late survey'd Lot of 45 
acres, and with the lot he was in possession of by marrying the widow 
of one Mathews. 

"We bid him put his proposals in writing, and they should be con- 
sider'd. 

The Ace* he gave of the Colony, was 

(1.) That about half the land is good, but the rest Pine barren, but 
even the last bore 3 good crops of corn, after which it would never 
bear more, but is fit for pasture, and he had seen Cinquefoyl & Tre- 
foyl grass grow thereon. 

(2.) That the black mulberry tree grows wild about the country, 
but in hickery ground, or swampy ground, and the silk people make 
no use of the leaf being too harsh for the worm. That the white mul- 
berry tree dos not thrive well by what he yet could see, tho it would 
do well on the hickory ground. That they bought their leaves for the 
worm in Carolina. 

(3.) That he had not seen any grapes of Delyon the Jews raising, 
but was inform'd he had raised several vines of the Portugal grape 
that bore bunches weighing 2 pounds. 

(4.) That himself had made wine of the wild grape of the Country 
brought him by the Indians, but it grew sour, & would not keep, tho 
very pleasant to drink when new, & of a fine colour. 

4. Mr Paris our Sollicitor came to acquaint us, that he had seen a 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 41 

letter from New York, advising, that on the 16 Oct b . r last, Mi' Ogle- 
thorpe had sumon'd a general meeting of all the people at Savanah, 
and acquainted them, that it cut him to the heart to be obliged to 
tell them, that he had the Trustees order to shut up the Stores, and 
call on all who were indebted thereto to give bond to the Trustees 
for repayment : after which, they might retire where they pleased, 
their subsistence being at an End. 

5. And that he had order'd to seize on M T . Causton and send him 
over prisoner to England to answer for his misapplication of the 
stores, & disobeying their Orders : but as it was necessary MF Caus- 
ton should have time to make up his Ace*? he would suspend the send- 
ing him till that was done. 

NB. We observed (when Mr Paris was gone) that Col. Oglethorpe 
had not acted right in this affair : for tho' our first direction to him 
was, that he should seize on Mr Causton, and send him over, yet we 
afterwards alter'd that purpose, & were more indulgent, allowing him 
to remain & give bail for his appearance, which 2? resolution we im- 
parted to Col. Oglethorpe before he left England ; but by imparting 
the harshest of our Orders, & concealing the milder as flowing from 
himself, he recomended himself to the peoples good opinion at our 
expence. 

14 Jan? 1738 / 9. MT Tho. Jones wrote to Col. Oglethorpe touch- 
ing MF Caustons ill management of the stores : 

1. That said Causton on ballance of his Ace*? made the Trustees 
debt r . s to him in 780 <£, but he could without examining the Vouchers 
discover, that for 2 years past, several sums said to be paid to persons 
as by their receipts whereas they received no money of him, but effects 
out of the stores to that value, and that not paid to their account, nor 
any mention in their books of those effects being issued. 

2. That he gave drafts to others, on persons not indebted to the 
Trustees, w ? 1 have been protested, having obtained a receipt for those 
drafts as cash, but will not repay the money. 

3. That Minis, Woodrofe, Brownfeild &c combined with him in the 
same fraudulent designs. 

4. That on examining M? Brownfeilds Ace*. 3 (as in the store book) 
for one year past, he found 70 £ within that time charged to the Trus- 
tees Ace* which by his bills of parcels appeard to have been placed to 
M? Caustons private Ace* 

5. That having discover'd more frauds of like kind, MT Brownfeild 

6 



42 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

said the greatest part of the people who had dealings with My Caus- 
ton, did the same. 

6. That the Bailif M? Hen. Parker had demanded in favour of M? 
Causton 100 bushels of corn, & other damaged corn for his hoggs, to 
be repaid in kind next year at a certain value, which he had refused in 
consideration of the poor people who would want supply. 

7. That a letter dropt in the street & found last Sunday directed to 
Col. Oglethorpe, contain'd 3 sheets of paper, and the substance was a 
2? part of the Representation for Negroes. 

8. That it was reported, and he suspected it to be true, that MT 
Causton design'd to make his escape to S* Christophers on board Cap* 
Stewart of the Charles Transport. 

On 31 Dec b . r 1738 SF Robert Cater K* one of our Trustees died. 

16 Jan? 1738 / 9. Col. Oglethorpe wrote from the Camp at S* Si- 
mons to the Trustees, 

1. That the Ace*. 3 at Savannah went on slowly, and MT Causton seems 
to avoid the finishing them. 

2. That MT Causton is under Bail. 

3. That he assuredly thought the Inhabitants might by this time 
have been able to maintain themselves, the sick, the Orphans, the ser- 
vants and Publick Officers excepted. 

4. That MT Robert "Williams who has a Grant of 1500 acres for him- 
self and friends on the River Savannah, and is a Merchant, promised 
some of them to let them have Negroes, if they could sell or morgage 
their lands to him for them, which proved a bait for all those to sign 
the Representation for Negroes and to have their lands in Fee Simple, 
who thought if they could get but a credit, never cared how they could 
pay. Others sign'd because they were angry Mf Causton was turn'd 
out, and that they could not have what ever they pleas'd to ask for at 
the store. Others because they had run out all they had, had let their 
servants to hire, and spent what they got by their work in Taverns, 
fancy'd that if they got a new Credit for Negroes, they might live on 
their labours as they did upon their white servants. 

5. He then proceeds to shew the danger and inconveniencies of allow- 
ing Negroes, as 1. That it would starve the white men. 2. Ruin the 
Colony it being impossible to prevent Negroes deserting to the Span- 
iards our near Neighbours, who give freedome, land, and protection to 
all runaway Negroes. 3. Soon throw all the lands of the Colony into 
that Negroe Merchants hands who furnishes them. & 4. render the 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 43 

white men idle. 5. That tis pretended there may be a limitation of 
the number of Negroes, but experience in other Provinces shew'd lim- 
itations are impossible. 6. that the idleness of the town of Savannah 
is chiefly owing to their seeing Negroes in S. Carolina, as the industry 
of the southern division of our Province who are further removed from 
them shews. 

6. That the Darien people had petition'd against Negroes, & he 
heard those of Frederica intended the same. 

7. That Mf Rob! Williams is the gentleman in whose behalf he 
spoke to the Trustees to have the liberty to leave his land by Will, & 
priviledges : and is he whose servants M? Causton employ'd in build- 
ing the Fort in Savannah town, and making a great road without or- 
der, which put the Trustees to a very great expence, & Mf Williams 
said there was a very great debt due to him. 

Jari». 17. 18. [Present,] Archer The-., Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam!, L? Tir- 
connel, Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson Ad?, Bouverie S r Jac?, L? Carpenter, 
Heathcote Geo., T. T., LaRoche J?, C. P. 

A Summons for a Trustee Board to settle the draft of our petition 
to Parliam! for money this session. 

1. We settled our Petition to Parliam* for the further Improv- 
ment of the Colony. 

2. We read a letter from M?. Hugh Anderson Inspector of the Pub- 
lick garden & Mulberry trees in Georgia, to M? Adam Anderson, 
wherein he writes 

(1.) That the land call'd Pine barren is so bad, that the best Im- 
prover cannot subsist without further Support from the Trustees. 

(2.) That there is no doubt the Colony will prosper, & in time 
repay England the charges she has been at in establishing it. 

(3.) That there is no doubt the Silk Manufacture will succeed, tho 
hitherto it has met with unavoidable obstructions, which he men- 
tions. 

3. M? Whitfeild being return'd from Oxford (where the Bishop of 
Gloucester ordain'd him) came to us, and said he had received good 
encouragement towards erecting an Orphan house at Savannah : that 
he had collected at a sermon he preach'd in the City before he 
went to Oxford, above 33 <£, that the Bishop of Gloucester had also 
given him 10.£, and another person had sent him B£. That an ex- 
periene'd Apothecary of good substance, and a Surgeon had resolv'd 
to go with him to Georgia to give their assistance to the Orphan 
house. 



44 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

NB. Alderman Heathcote, tho' he scarce ever attended the board 
since his resignation of Comon Council Man, yet made professions this 
day of much zeal for the Colony. 

17 Jan7 1738 /9. 1. Col. Oglethorpe wrote again to the Trustees, 
to shew further inconveniencies arrising from the allowing the use of 
Negroes, viz. 1. That it is against the principles by which the Trus- 
tees associated together, which was to releive the distressed, whereas 
we should occasion the misery of thousands in Africa, by setting Men 
upon using arts to buy & bring into perpetual slavery the poor people, 
who now live free there. 2. instead of strengthning, we should 
weaken the Frontiers of America. 3. Give away to the Owners of 
slaves that land which was design'd as a Refuge to persecuted Protes- 
tants. 4. Prevent all improvments of silk and wine. 5. And glut 
the Markets with more of the American Comodities, which do already 
but too much interfere with the English produce. 

2. That he had advanc'd a good deal of money for provisions, & 
other expences for the service of the Colony. 

3. That he had sent over an Ace* of what he gave the Indians. 

4. That he had laid out money for assisting the poor, the widows & 
orphans, supporting the boats that keep up the correspondence, the 
Cattle hunters who take care of the Trustees heards, & the Trustees 
servants. 

5. He advised the Trustees first to pay the certified Ace*? and then 
if they approved of his expences, that they would order it to be reim- 
bursed. 

6. That any remittance as far as 50 Tun in the strong beer brew'd 
by MT Hucks, would be better than money. 

7. That he had agreed for building a Church or chappel of 60 foot 
long, and 20 foot wide. It was already framed, the bricks burnt, & 
they would very soon go on with the building. 

8. He hoped the Trustees would take the Attorney & Sollic!' Gen 1 ." 
opinion what is to be done with M? Causton. 

18 Jan? 1738/9. Dr Hollings Our Physician told me, that since 
the Ratification of the Treaty with Spain, S? Robert Walpole assured 
a friend of his, (who told it again to the Doctor,) that the Parliament 
would give no money this year to the Trustees of Georgia. 

19 Jan? 1738 / 9. M r Hugh Mackay made oath before the Re- 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 45 

corder of Frederica, that lie had the charge of 17 Trust servants 2 
years, and during that time they work'd hard and never lay by, by 
reason of the heat of the weather. That the last sumer they work'd 
in the open air in falling trees, cross cutting and splitting timber and 
carrying it on their shoulders when split, from the Woods to the Camp. 
And in building houses for the kings troops. That they work'd chear- 
fully, and willingly, and continued in good health, and their labour 
did not occasion any illness among them. 

The same day Lieu* Raymond Demare of Col. Oglethorpes Regi- 
ment made Oath to the same effect concerning the Soldiers : that they 
work'd from 5 till between 11 & 12 in the morning, and from half an 
hour after 1 till night ; during all the said term the men continued 
very healthy, and not one of them desired to be excused from labour 
on ace* of the heat. That he was 10 years with L? Harrington in 
Spain, and often felt the weather hotter there than in Georgia ; and 
that the servants in Spain perform all the works of husbandry, with- 
out the assistance of Negroes. 

19 Jan? 1738/9. MT Verelts acquainted me that W. Simond the 
merchant had some time since inform'd him, that S? Robert Walpole 
intended we should have no mony this year in case the Treaty be- 
tween Spain & England should be concluded. I reply'd he had 
promis'd otherwise ; & that the matter could not be enter'd on until 
his Majesty should acquaint the Parliam* with his Majesty's consent 
to our petitioning for money, w c . h if given, it would be strange ST Rob- 
ert should oppose a thing he had himself obtain'd the kings consent 
to. He answerd Sf Robert might vote for us, but yet order his 
friends to vote against us. 

He farther acquainted me that being in conversation with Mr John 
White formerly Comon Council Man, and acquainting him with the 
design of the Gentlemen when nest they met, to consider of measures 
for the support of the Colony, the said M? White told him he would 
not be there, tho when our petition came into the house, he would 
vote with the rest of the Trustees. 

20 Jan? 1738 / 9. Lieu* George Dunbar of Col. Oglethorpes Regi- 
ment made oath, to the same purpose as Lieu* Demare', concerning the 
soldiers work : and added, that he had been often in America, and fre- 
quently heard, that in the Negroe Colonies the hire of white men is 
dearer than that of Negroes. That he knew that in S. Carolina white 



46 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

Ship Carpenters & Caulkers have about one third more wages than a 
Negroe of the same trade & occupation, he having paid the wages of 
both : and knew there is the same difference in many handicrafts, 
and verily beleiv'd it is so in all : and affirm' d that the same is owing 
to the white Mens exceeding the Negroes in the same professions both 
in quantity & quality of their work. 

23 Janf 1738 / 9. The malice of the Carolinians having work'd so 
as to raise a spirit against our Colony in England, and it being appre- 
hended that our petition to Parliament this year for a further supply 
would meet with considerable opposition from many Members, I drew 
up a paper containing reasons for supporting & preserving the Colony 
for the use of the Trustees to shew the Members of their acquaintance. 
There was the greater necessity of this, in that My Simond the mer- 
chant assured our Accomptant, that altho there is an article in the 
late Convention with Spain for settling the Limitts of Carolina (by 
which is understood Georgia) yet by a secret article, the Comissioners 
at Madrid were to recieve orders to deliver up Georgia. This was 
very consistent with SF Robert Walpoles saying the Trustees should 
have no money this session, and his declaration thereof to Giraldini 
y e Spanish Minister ; but very contradictory to his promise that we 
should have money which he desired M? Henry Archer to assure the 
Trustees, and to his message to us by the same Gentleman, that he 
should take it as a favour if we would make out his Majesties right 
to Georgia. 

JanH 24. 1. [Present,] Digby Edw?, Archer Hen., Egmont, Ch., Heathcote S? 
Will., Lapotre Hen., LaRoche J?, Shaftsbury, Smith Sam!, P., L? Tirconnel, 
Towers The, Towers Christ?, Tracy Rob', Vernon Ja., C. C, Heathcote Geo., T. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to receive Reports from the Com- 
mittees to whom special matters were refer'd, & from the Comittee 
of correspondence, and to consider of petitions from My Cooksey, and 
My Burn side : 

But Packets newly arrived from Georgia were so full of important 
matters, that all business was postponed to the reading our letters. 

1. Col. Oglethorpes letter to the Trustees dat. 7. October, see Folio 
[24]. 

Another from him dat. 19. See Folio [25] . 

Another from him of the same date. See Folio [28]. 

Another from him to Bailif Parker & My Stephens dat. 16 Octo- 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 47 

ber, relating to the late Storekeepers extravagance, and their report 
the day following, viz. That the people who are indebted to the 
stores are not able to pay : that to sell the stores by auction to satisfy 
some of the Trustees debts contracted, would not answer, But the 
best way would be to deliver out the stores to such as have demands 
thereon at the store prices. 

2. Then we read the petition of the Freeholders of Frederica, 
sign'd last October, exposing the necessity of the Trustees further 
supporting them, by reason of the loss of their crops of corn by the 
dry season, and by the Spanish Allarms. Their desire was to have 
a loan of bread & seed to sow, which when able they would repay ; 
They further desired that no Man in their Island might have more 
than 50 Acres of land granted, by reason they who had more, refused 
to do duty of Watch and Ward. 

3. Upon reading these letters, it was proposed to alter the form of 
our petition which had been agreed upon in our last meeting, and to 
reinforce our arguments for a large supply, the distress of our Colony, 
and our vast debts requiring at least 20000,£, whereas our purpose was 
to ask but for 8000£. 

This was at first opposed by M? Thomas Towers, (with whom 
My LaRoche joyned). Mf Towers said he lately had discourse with 
S? Robert Walpole, concerning the Spaniards claym to Georgia, & 
that Sf Robert told him, it was agreed by the Convention now set- 
tled that our Ministers at Madrid are to settle with that Court the 
limits of Carolina & Florida : That they claimed Georgia to be part 
of Florida, & he was surprized that his Majesties Grant of Georgia 
to us should have past the Approbation of the Board of Trade, & of 
the Attorney Gen! before they were fully satisfy'd that Georgia is no 
part of Florida : But as the matter was to be decided in 9 months, 
He (MF Towers) was of opinion we should defer our petition as long 
as possibly we could, that we might see what was to be done w*. h 
us, and whether we should not ask for money to dislodge the Colony, 
and bring the people home : But this he gave as his opinion only, 
not desiring it might be taken as a motion. 

At this Alderman Heathcote fired, and indeed the rest of the Gen- 
tlemen present were astonish'd. They knew indeed the Intimacy 
between S? Robert and the two gentlemen above mention'd, and 
were well assured they spoke S? Roberts mind, but they did not be- 
leive they would so early have gone such a step, as by their own Act 
to destroy the Colony. The Alderman said, he knew not if MF Tow- 



48 .TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

ers was in jest or earnest, and so would not undertake to explain his 
meaning, But as to himself, The honour of the Trustees and of the 
Parliament, The Interest of the nation, the Safety of the Colony, and 
Col. Oglethorpes life were so much concerned, and depended so much 
on our vigerous appearance and efforts at this time, that he would 
never be of a mind to give up the Colony, or hazard the want of an 
iinediate support by delaying our petition, for drawing which up we 
had already sufficient grounds & lights. 

I was unwilling the thing should grow too serious, for I saw 
Mr Towers colour, and I therefore turn'd it off by saying, that no 
body could be supposed to want zeal for supporting the Colony, & 
what had past from M? Towers, was only in compassion to the poor 
people, in case they were to be sacraficed. 

Mr Towers said he mean'd so. 

Then MT Henry Archer said that he was sorry to find S? Rob* 
Walpole had put our dispute with Spain on the foot whether Georgia 
be part of Florida or not. That our right to Georgia stood upon pos- 
session, but if this right be supposed no right in case it once belong'd 
to Florida, then it must infalibly be given up : for not only Georgia 
but Carolina too was originally part of Florida. That by the Treaty 
of 1670, The Uti-possidetis was settled, And the only enquiry ought to 
be, If Georgia being part of Carolina was in possession of the English, 
when that Treaty was signed. 

MF Vernon said, it did not become us to reason about the right of 
Great Britain to Georgia : His Majesty had given it to us by charter, 
& the Parliament had annually confirm'd it by the supply's given 
to support it, wherefore our business was to suppose it belongs to 
Great Britain, & to labour the maintenance of it. 

In conclusion we agreed to alter our petition, and to get it presented 
as soon as we could, which we were sensible could not be done, till 
ST Robert Walpole obtained his Majesties consent, and this we fear'd 
he would not do so soon as was our wishes. 

4. At this Board previous to the debate above mention'd was read 
a letter from Mf Thomas Jones the new Storekeeper at Savannah dat. 
19 Oct b . r last, relating to the distresses the Colony was in, the badness 
of the stores, the little quantity of them remaining, & bad assortment 
of them. 

(2.) That M r . Causton had sent damaged goods and things not 
wanted to Frederica. 

(3.) That he had call'd on Mr Causton for the store books, but 
could not get them until Col? Oglethorpe came up from Frederica. 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 49 

(4.) That MF Caustons principal Clerk, to whom he had trusted 
the full management of the stores, was run away to Carolina, and 
Causton said he could give no account until his return. 

(5.) That he feard Will. Bradley Overseer of the Trust servants 
would be found to have made great Wast : 

(6.) And there was not quantity sufficient in the stores for cloath- 
ing Trust servants. 

5. A second letter from said Jones was also read, dat. 12 Nov. last, 
directed to MF Verelts, acquainting him, 

(1.) That the Trustees were indebted near 1000<£ for the hire of 
boats, and building hutts for Col. Oglethorpes Regiment, of which he 
enclosed a certificate from Lieu* Col. Cochran & other Officers of the 
Regiment. 

(2.) That he had taken an Inventory of the stores, which he en- 
closed. 

(3.) That two more of the Clerks at the stores were fled to Caro- 
lina. That Col. Oglethorpe had wrote to the Lieu! Gov? there to 
have them taken up. 

(4.) That in the mean time, upon intimation that MF Causton 
also intended to withdraw himself, he had by Warrant from M T . Chris- 
tie the Recorder caused him to be taken up, & obliged him to give 
security for his forth coming, And that Bailif Parker & Mr Hugh An- 
derson were bound for him. 

(5.) That there had been a Mutiny in Col. Oglethorpes Camp, who 
had two shots made at him. 

5. The Comon Council took into considex-ation Mr Cookseys peti- 
tion (See Folio [40]. 3.) praying a grant of 180 acres which another 
person had resign'd to him, & on which he had built a house that cost 
him 12£, and cultivated 8 acres. He also desired his disbursments 
on a town lot might be made good to him, which lot he had obtained 
of a person who before had morgaged it, and the Morgagee had en- 
ter'd and taken possession, so that his money was lost. He further 
desired to part with his late survey'd lot of 45 acres, and with the lot 
he was in possession of by marrying the Widow Mathews. 

The board agreed that he should have the 180 acres if what he 
alleg'd concerning the late Owners resignation should be found true : 
But as to the 50 acre town lot from which the Morgagee outed him 
we could not refund his loss incurr'd by his indiscretion in not en- 
quiring into the title. 
7 



50 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

Neither could he have a town & Country lot both, being against 
our Constitution, but he might hold one of them by lease. 

We also consented that he should pay his debt to the Trustees, by 
10<£ yearly gales. 

But refused his desire that we would support him & his family in 
provisions for a year, he having gone over on his own Ace* & not on 
the poor Ace*. 

30 Jan? 1738 / 9. I drew up heads for Alderman Heathcote to 
speak on in Parliament : with answers to objections, if any should be 
made to the supplying the Trustees with money. 

The same day, I waited on L? Carteret, to know his sense of Geor- 
gia & the further support of it. He said, that if the Trustees would 
exert themselves in Parliament, against giving up the Province as was 
design'd, the Minority or Anti-Ministerial Men would support us, 
otherwise they would oppose the granting us this year one shilling. 

Jan". 31. 20. [Present,] Archer Hen., Archer Tho., Digby Edw?, Egmont, Ch., 
Lapotre Hen., Shaftsbury, P., Smith Sam!, L? Tirconnel, Towers Tho., Tracy 
Rob!, Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson Ad?, Burgoign S! KogT, L? Carpenter, Bouvery 
S! Jacob, Heathcote Geo., T. T. 

A Comon Council & Trustee board sumon'd, to receive Reports, 
read letters newly arrived, adjust our petition to Parliam*. for money 
&c. 

1. Read a letter from Col. Oglethorpe dat. 19 Septf? 1738 express- 
ing the great misery & even ruin the Colony will undergo, unless 
further & very large supply's be given this session by Parliament for 
the support of it. 

(2.) That he found great oppression at his arrival at Savannah : 
persons were imprison'd for debt, tho they gave up all they had. 

(3.) That Cap* Burish Comander of the kings Man of War, had 
found the harbour in the Southern Division, larger & safer, than he 
at first imagined. 

(4.) That he wanted to know what establishment would be allow'd 
by us. 

2. Another letter of same date from Col. Oglethorpe to M? Tho. 
Archer was read, acquainting him, 

(1.) That he had a fine passage, and lost not one person out of 700 
he carry'd with him. 

(2.) That notwithstanding the present bad situation of the Colony, 
it would if supported, flourish as much as any. 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 51 

(3.) That there were then 1500 Spanish Troops in Augustine. 

(4.) That if 2 Men of War were station'd, one at Amelia, the other 
at Jekyl Island, it would cover the whole Country : he therefore de- 
sired he would use his Interest with the Admiralty to obtain this. 

3. Read another letter from Col. Oglethorpe of same date to S? Jo- 
seph Jekyl (lately deceased). We supposed it contain'd nothing but 
matters relating to the Colony, however, we order'd our Secretary 
first to read it to himself, and acquaint us if it contain'd private 
affairs, which he declaring it did not, it was publickly read, and 
therein he wrote, 

(1.) That our Planters exprest great courage to defend themselves 
in case of an attack, tho vastly surpast in number by the Spaniards 
who were also old soldiers, whereas our Planters are not such : but 
their military duty so harrast them, and flung them so backward in 
their planting, that without farther support they would be all undone 
and must fly the Colony. He added that if it were supported, it 
would certainly produce silk and wine. 

4. A letter from Col. Stephens to the Trustees dat. 27. Sept. was 
read, acquainting us, 

(1.) That the people are very uneasie with the tenure of their 
grants : 

(2.) That Will. Bradley had done very little in cultivating the 
Trust lott, and was not able to give an account of his management. 
That several serv*. 8 had left him to go to other Masters. That he had 
been extravagant in making a new road to the Trust grounds, which 
was wholly un-necessary, there being already two roads to the same 
place. 

(3.) That the servants in general were very idle, & he had suffer'd 
extreamly by his own. 

(4.) That he had set up publick notice on the store door, that the 
stores were from that time forward to be shut up. 

(5.) That MT Gilbert the Tailor, who by Col. Oglethorps recom- 
mendation had been appointed 34 Bailif, scrupled accepting that Office, 
lest it should expose him, he not knowing how to write or read. 

(6.) That our final decision against the Claym of Grand Jury's to 
examine upon Oath, will put an End to the heats arrisen on that 
Account. 

(7.) That M? Jones (the new store keeper, appointed to take the 
care of what stores were yet remaining and which when disposed of 
were not to be continued) had enterd on his Office. 



52 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

(8.) That he had enclosed a list of usefull people to the Colony, 
tho they cultivated no land. Many other material passages were in 
his letter, w ? 1 may be seen in the book of letters. 

5. Another letter from M? Stephens to the Trustees dat. 21 Nov b . r 
was read, importing, 

(1.) That the Inhabitants were very inquisitive into M? Caustons 
management, whom, tho' he cannot justify from extravagance, yet he 
cannot find he was dishonest. That Causton vindicates himself by 
pleading he kept the stores full for fear of the peoples starving, & 
least other opportunities should not offer to get provision in proper 
time : and that he paid away the un-necessary provisions to others in 
lieu of money, so that the Trustees were no losers. 

(2.) That My Jones is very severe on M? Causton in the examina- 
tion of his Acc*. s wherein M? Causton meets with a return of that pas- 
sion & pride which he exercised to others 

(3.) That the Palatin servants sent over from Holland on board 
Cap! Hewet are the most lazy of all, but those which went with 
Cap! Thompson are good, and would have done well, if imediatly on 
their arrival they had been made free, a little land given them, and a 
tolerable support in the beginning. 

(4.) That a difference had arrisen between M? Habersham the 
school master & our New Minister M! Norris, wherein Habersham 
was to blame, he endeavouring to hurt M! Norris's character to raise 
that of M? Whitfeild who was to return. 

These letters together with others & Col. Stephens journal which 
came at the same time, were refer'd to the Comittee of Correspond- 
ence. 

6. Then the Draft of our petition to Parliament for money was read, 
and being engrost, MT Tracey, W. Tho. Towers, W. Tho. Archer, 
M? Hen. Archer, and L4 Tirconnel were desired to wait on S? Robert 
Walpole with it, and ask his favour for granting us this year 20000i>, 
instead of 8000<£ which we a little time since mention'd to him, as 
thinking that sum sufficient : and a paper was drawn up shewing the 
reasons why we vary'd from our first demand, which was made before 
we were apprised of the bad state of our affairs. 

7. Then M! Hen. Archer acquainted the Board, that he had a Mes- 
sage from Sy Rob* Walpole to us, which was to desire that we would 
make out his Maj 5 ? Title to Georgia, for doing which, we should have 
all the assistance the Publick Offices can give. 

Upon this, the Gentlemen shew'd themselves of different opinions. 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 53 

L4 Shaftsbury, Aid 1 ? Heathcote, M? Vernon, My Lapotre, SF Jacob 
Bouverie & I were for declining that load, and urged that it was not 
the business of the Trustees, For acting under his Majesties Charter, 
we ought to presume the Grant thereof to be good, & his Majesties 
Title to Georgia to be so strong, as not to admit of a doubt to the 
contrary. That it was a matter of great consequence, & if there was 
any doubt, it was the proper duty of the Board of Trade, of the Kings 
Advocate, of the Attorney Gen' & even the Privy Council to clear it. 
But to expect that a set of private Gentlemen who had not a paper 
in our Office beyond the time of passing our charter in 1732, except 
some Copies, which cannot be esteem'd authentick as the Originals in 
his Majesties Offices are, and which after all might be deny'd us or 
mislayed, was both unreasonable & unfair both to the Publick & 
to us. 

On the other hand, L4 Tirconnel, M? Hen. Archer, and MT Tho. 
Towers, were for complying with ST Robert Walpoles desire as far we 
were able. (NB. the Two last had been last night in private confer- 
ence with ST Robert, his brother Horace, & the D. of Newcastle on this 
affair). They said that they esteem'd it a duty owing to our Trust 
to do our best to assist in defending the Kings Title to Georgia, since 
(as was generally understood) the same was to be refer'd to the dis- 
quisition of Comissaries to be appointed on both sides. 

We ask'd, what service it was imagined we could do, since we could 
only search Records, & peruse Treaties, which would be done by 
those who are concerned to defend his Majesties Title by virtue of 
their Office, particularly the Kings Advocate : On the contrary we 
might do ourselves much hurt & the Colony too, if after undertaking 
tbis affair, we should fail therein, or if after all our labour, there 
should, (as had been reported) be a secret article enjoining the Com- 
missioners to give up Georgia. That ST Rob* might interpret any de- 
fence we should draw up of his Majesties Title to Georgia to be a 
weak one, tho' it were ever so strong, and say, how could we insist 
on keeping a Province, which the Trustees were not able to shew the 
king had a right to, tho' they had all the Assistance the Publick 
Offices could give them. 

To this, the other Gentlemen were not able to give any answer. 

My Tracey then proposed, that a verbal Message should be return'd 
to ST Robert, as his had been only verbal to us, expressing our ina- 
bility to do any service in this affair : but that if any thing occurr'd to 
us that could furnish him with lights we would acquaint him there- 
with. 



54 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

To this I inclined : But MT Vernon, and most of the Gentlemen 
were against it, as not knowing how verbal Messages might be inter- 
preted : but if ST Robert pleased to send us a Message in writing, we 
then would return him one of the same sort, but yet such as should 
excuse our medling in the affair. 

Alderman Heathcote then proposed, that we should desire ST Robert 
to inform us, what it was the Spaniards demanded, and what resolu- 
tions he had come to with respect to Georgia, and then we should 
know what we were about, in taking upon us to assist in defending 
the Kings Title ; But this was not seconded, the Gentlemen being 
sensible that he only proposed this to raise heats in the house, and 
embarrass S r Roberts administration. 

At length it was agreed to make no return to ST Rob*? message 
either verbal, or in writing, other than that we were unable to say 
any thing in defence of his Majesties Title to Georgia, having never 
doubted but it was good, since his Majesty had granted a charter of it 
to us, and the Parliam* confirm'd the Grant, by affording annual sup- 
plyes to support it. 

8. The Comon Council received the Comittee's Report to whom the 
case of Sam! Wagner deceased was refer'd (20 Dec b . r last) and agreed, 
that his Executors should have leave to dispose of his lot at Hamp- 
stead for the benefit of his heirs, to any person not having land in 
Georgia in possession or reversion, under the same Covenants that 
Wagner held it, the purchasser to be approved by Col. Stephens our 
Sec? 

9. Resolv'd that no person has power to morgage either his house 
or lot, without lycence first obtain'd from the Common Council of 
the Trustees. 

10. The Conion Council also took into consideration the petition of 
William Cooksey who went over to Georgia in 1735 with 5 servants, 
and resolv'd, 

That the debt he ow'd the Trustees should be accepted of him by 
Gales at 10<£ p ann. : the first payment to comence 2 years after his 
arrival in Georgia on his intended return thither. 

That the morgage on the 50 acre lot from which lot the Morgagee 
had outed him was void. 

That if he has the 180 acres (said to be granted to him by Jacob 
Mathews, & on which he alledges he is settled) he cannot at the same 
time possess the 50 acre lot in the town of Savannah for which he 
petition'd. 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 55 

That Col. Stephens be order'd to enquire into Jacob Mathews Title 
to the land he yeilded to the petitioner, & whether the same is part 
of the 500 acres granted to John Musgrove 23 Oct. 1734 (whose 
Widow Jacob Mathews marry'd) or whether it be a distinct Tract ; & 
if it should appear that the petitioner may possess the said 180 acres 
without prejudice to any clayming under the said Grant to John Mus- 
grove, that the Petitioner shall then enjoy it. And that in such case 
M? Stephens be empower'd to put him in possession, and a Grant shall 
be sent him from England of the same. 

11. Then taking into consideration the miserable state of the Colony 
since the necessary work of shutting up the stores, 

Order'd that 500 sola bills directed to be issued by Will. Stephens 
Esq M? Tho. Causton & M? Hen. Parker, or any two of them, sent 
over by Gen! Oglethorpe, be issued : and apply'd to the defraying the 
most necessary services of the Colony in supporting the most indus- 
trious & helpless : And that an Ace* thereof be sent over sign'd by the 
two who issue those bills, for what services they were so issued, in 
order to discharge them there from. 

12. Resolv'd that 600<£ in sola bills be imediatly sent to Georgia 
(being part of the 2350£ residue of the sola bills orderd to be made 
out 10 Aug. 1737) to be apply'd in cloathing and maintaining the 
Trustees servants there, whose services are to answer the expence 
thereof, and be appropriated towards building a church at Savannah 
and cultivating lands for religious Uses in the N. & S. divisions of 
Georgia : And that by endorsement on the said bills, Gen! Oglethorpe 
be desired to order the same to be issued by Will. Stephens Esq, M* 
Hen. Parker and M? Tho. Jones, or any two of them : And that they 
be directed to send the Trustees an Ace* sign'd by both of them who 
shall issue the said bills, shewing on every issue, to whom, and for 
what services agreable to the above directions each respective Issue 
was made, together with a list of the several bills so issued. And that 
600.£ be reserved in the Bank to answer the same, out of the follow- 
ing appropriated moneys remaining unapplyed, viz. 400£ out of the 
money for building churches, and 200<£ out of the money for the re- 
ligious Uses of the Colony. 

15. Resolv'd that any 5 of the Comon Council on the return of these 
sola bills (now order'd to be issued) to England for payment, have 
power given to draw on the Bank from time to time for that purpose. 

16. Resolv'd that Gen! Oglethorpe be indemnified ag s .* the Indorse- 
ments of the aforesaid Bills, & that the Seal of the Corporation be 
affixt to such Act of Indemnity, & be counter#ign'd by the Secret? 



56 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

17. That it be recomended to the Comittee of Correspondence to 
send over Instructions for a special application of the sola bills, for 
the purposes for which they are sent. 

18. Order'd that 15 Tun of strong beer be bought, and sent over to 
Gen! Oglethorpe, and the produce thereof be apply'd for cloathing and 
maintaining the Trustees servants, to be apply'd in cultivating lands 
for Religious uses, and to be accounted for to the Trustees in the same 
manner and by the same persons as the 500 £ sola bills (mentiond 
N? 11) are to be accounted for. 

1. After our business was over, several of the Gentlemen dined to- 
gether, when M T - Henry Archer took me aside to tell me that S? Robert 
Walpole had much prest him to second the motion that was to be 
made to morrow for Thanks to his Majesty for his Speech from the 
Throne, The Parliament being then to open. But that he had de- 
clined it under an apprehension that it might in some sort tye up his 
mouth from supporting Georgia, in case the house should understand 
that part of his Majesties measures is to give Georgia up to the Span- 
iards. S- Robert reply'd, he was amazed how it could be beleived that 
Georgia was to be given up by the Convention : that there was no 
such design: But he found the Gentlemen of Georgia were his Ene- 
mies. To which he reply'd, so far from that, They look'd on him as 
their Patron and Support. S? Robert said he had been so, and always 
wish'd well to him in particular. 

I told M? Archer that I thought he had acted a wise part : that our 
Situation was very difficult, The Minority menacing to refuse us fur- 
ther support unless we joyn'd with them t§te baisse - against the Minis- 
try ; And on the other hand, no money to be expected if we disobliged 
S? Robert : But since we found ourselves threatend or courted by both 
sides, it would become us to stand on our own leggs, & make no strong 
professions to either. He said he thought so too, & added that he 
found S^ Robert was very serious, & under consternation what would 
be the issue of the Convention when laid before the house. I told him 
S* Robert had some reason, if L? Carterets prophecy be true, who told 
me yesterday, that this affair of the Convention & the giving Georgia 
up would hang him. 

2. On the 2 feb? W Verelts acquainted me, that M* Tho. Towers 
& M 1 - Hen. Archer, had imparted to S? Robert Walpole the Trustees 
resolution, not to take on them the defence of his Majesties Title to 
Georgia : But that as private persons, they two would undertake to 
shew his Majesties Right, if the Publick Offices were open to them, 



1738 9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA, 57 

that they might search for Treaties, &c. That previously to this, they 
must insist to know the utmost Strength of the Spaniards Claim. That 
S- Robert said, he knew no more of their Claim than what was con- 
tain'd in Giraldini's Memorial. Then said they, we will undertake to 
answer that. 

These two Gentlemen undertook a bold adventure, not warranted 
by the Trustees ; and yet if the work were not well carry'd on, it 
might bring prejudice to them. It was strange the Ministry should 
lay this upon them and pass by the board of Trade, the Kings Advo- 
cate, the Attorney Gen 1 . & those Officers of the Crown whose imediate 
& known duty it is to defend his Majesties Rights. In reason S? Robert 
Walpole could not think these Gentlemen qualified equally with those 
above mentioned. My opinion is that S? Robert having advanc'd too 
far in subjecting his Majesties Title to Georgia to be littigated by the 
Spaniards, and yeilding the same to be treated on by Comissioners, 
and being sensible of this mistake, he was now willing to get off, by 
taking the Sense of Parliament thereon, which should it be known 
that he employ'd the Chief Officers of the Crown in the defence of the 
Kings Title, might appear to Monsieur Giraldini a treacherous pro- 
ceeding : whereas by employing the Trustees of Georgia in that work, 
the Opposition that might be made in Parliament to the giving Georgia 
up, or even suffering the kings Title thereto to be question'd, would 
appear to proceed from others, & not from himself, and so make him 
stand in a fairer light to the Court of Spain, which he was very un- 
willing to distast, and who think the Parliament dos nothing but by 
his direction. 

Feb". 7. 21. [Present,] Archer Tho., Archer Hen., Egmont, Smith Sam!, L? Tir- 
connel, P., Towers Tho., Ch., Tracy Rob!, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to proceed on business post-pon'd 
at last meeting. 

1. The Seal was put to our petition to Parliam*. for a further supply 
to support the Colony. 

2. A letter from the Rev? M? Boltzius dat. 6 Nov b . r last was read, 
desiring the Trustees would pay the passage of 2 german families, who 
went not over on the Trustees ace* by Cap* Thompson, which servants 
Gen! Oglethorpe allow'd to the Saltsburgers until the Trustees pleas- 
ure should be known, being necessary to attend their Cattle, and pre- 
vent their being lost in the Woods. M? Boltzius added that the people 
would themselves maintain them. These 2 families made 5 heads. 

8 



58 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

He farther desired some encouragement towards building an Orphan 
house at Ebenezar for children, & sick and old persons. 

8. A letter of same date was read, from M T - Gronau expressing his 
thanks for the money we had orderd for building his house, which not 
being sufficient to compleat it by the sum of 30<£ he desired we would 
grant that further sum. 

We refer'd these letters to a Comittee of Acc? s to state & report 
their opinion what is proper to be done therein. 

4. A letter dat. 19 Jan? last from Auspurg to Mv Vernon was read, 
acquainting him that 7 Saltsburgers were on their way to Rotterdam 
in order to embark for Georgia. 

5. Order'd that the passage of said Saltsburgers to Georgia be de- 
fray 'd out of the 100 £ lately appropriated for that purpose only, and 
that M? Trevor his Majest? Minister at the Hague be wrote to to favour 
them at their arrival. 

6. A letter from Edward Bush at Savannah to his daughter in Lon- 
don, dat. 27 Aug 15 .' last was produced by her, wherein he declares, that 
unless the Trustees give him leave to settle his Estate on his daugh- 
ters, he will leave the Colony, tho he had built a good house, & 
planted 5 acres of land. 

7. We return'd her an answer in writing, that her father shall have 
power to leave his estate to which daughter he shall appoint, in case 
he dies without Issue male, she residing in the Province : & that we 
never refused it to any. 

8. Order'd that 25<£ Stationary ware, be bought out of the money 
for Religious Uses, for M 1 - Whitfeild. 

7 feb?" 1738 / 9. At this meeting we agreed among our selves, that 
MT Tracy should see Sv Robert Walpole to morrow, and desire him to 
appoint some day when the Trustees might wait on him with a fresh 
application for his assistance in Parliaint to obtain for them a greater 
sum than was desired the last time they were with him. And that 
when S? Robert should name the day, M? Tracy, the two M 1 . Archers, 
L* Tirconnel, and M? Towers, should expose to him our want of 
20000 £ on account that the Military defence of the Colony had un- 
expectedly fallen upon the Trust, for which the Parliament made no 
provision last year, when they granted 8000 £ only for the Civil affairs. 
That this necessity of defending the Colony for want of the timely ar- 
rival of the Regiment, which was not by a year & 3 months so soon as 
was expected, had run the Trust greatly in debt, otherwise the Colony 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 59 

might have been lost, and therefore it was absolutely necessary the 
Merchants who had given us credit should be repaid, and the Trust 
set clear, otherwise we should not be able to proceed, and the Colony 
must fall ; all which being well set forth in Col. Oglethorpes letter to 
the Trustees dat. 19 OctobT We desired they would give S- Robert a 
copy of it. We also order'd copies of the same to be made out for 
every Trustee that he might occasionally shew it to the Members of 
Parliament, in order to induce them to concur in granting the sum we 
intended to move for. 

We then consider'd who would be a proper person to present our 
petition, some mention'd the L? Mayor Micaiah Perry, others MT John 
How, but he was not yet come to town, and others the L? Sidney 
Beauclerc, as one affectionate to the Colony, and desirous to be a 
Trustee. But we took no resolution. 

Observing to Mt Martin our Secret? how negligent several gentle- 
men were in attending the board, particularly Mt LaRoche, he told 
me in confidence that they suspected M- Towers not to be so zealous 
& true to the Trust as he ought, by reason of his Intimacy with ST 
Robert Walpole, and therefore did not like him, or to meet him. 
That this was the reason why Mt Moor, Hucks, White & Aid? Heath- 
cote resign'd, who are link'd together and meet twice a week, and MT 
LaRoche with them. That they thought M- Towers acquainted ST 
Robert (who never liked our Colony) with all our proceedings in too 
open a Manner, and was seen to vote so constantly for his measures, 
that it lost the Trustees, the favour & good opinion of those who op- 
posed the Court. 

I reply'd that I knew well Mt Towers was attach'd to St Robert, & 
it was necessary some of our Board should be so, because without ST 
Roberts concurrence we could have no Parliamentary support, but 
hitherto he had frequently attended the board, and appear'd to have 
our Interest at heart. But as to the non-attendance of the Gentlemen 
he mention'd, better reasons might be assign'd than their not liking 
Mt Towers. That Mt Moor, Mt White & Alderman Heathcote were 
disgusted at our resolution to support a Church establishment, and 
Mt Hucks withdrew to please his father, who thought his brewing 
business suffer'd by his attendance : that some were indolent, and all 
so interested, that they grew tired of a business by which there was 
nothing to be got. And as for Mt LaRoch, no man was more attach'd 
to ST Robert than he, besides he imagin'd the Colony would be dropt 
by the Ministry, & thought it to no purpose to work as the proverb 



60 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

says for a dead horse. They all might also be discouraged as indeed 
others who yet give their attendance are, by the power Gen* Ogle- 
thorpe used in suspending the orders given by the Trustees, and acting 
many things of his own head, whereby we were brought much in debt. 
But what ever were their reasons for leaving us totally, or for absent- 
ing, they could not acquit themselves to their consciences, having taken 
an Oath faithfully to discharge their Trust. One thing I plainly saw, 
was that Sv Robert Walpole had succeeded in his purpose to divide us, 
our strength being irresistible in Parliain* had we continued united, 
for M T . Sloper, Cap^ Eyles, and I could name some others had not at- 
tended this winter, and others but seldom, and when they did would 
very rarely dine with us, refusing as it should seem to keep up a free 
& easie intercourse with us. 

That to return to M? Towers, I must own, I was not well pleas'd 
this morning, when desiring him (who spoke well in the house) to 
enter into the debate concerning Georgia, in case there should arrise 
one upon our Petition, he refused, as thinking it improper, which sur- 
pris'd me : for who so proper to defend our Province as they who are 
Trustees for it ? 

9 Feb? 1738-9. This Evening, M? Tracy, the two M T - Archers, 
the two M? Towers, & L? Tirconnel waited on S? Robert Walpole, by 
his appointment, and had an hours conference with him on the affairs 
of Georgia, in which they shew'd him Gen* Oglethorpes letter express- 
ing the necessity of a very considerable sum to be granted the Trus- 
tees this year, and also gave him the Trustees application for that 
purpose in writing. S? Robert ask'd them what was the sum they 
wanted ? they reply 'd 20000 <£. Was not this more than ever ye had, 
said he ? No, reply'd they, we once had 26000£. Then, said he, you 
shall have it ; But I see what ye drive at, ye would have the petition 
come into the house before the Grand debate on the Convention : that 
must be as you please, but if I were to advise, it should not be deliv- 
er'd till that is over, present it then imediatly, and it will come in with 
more grace, & meet with more success. Sir, said they, since you have 
promis'd the money, and have been pleas'd to advise the method and 
time we should take, we hope you will give the house the satisfaction 
they shall desire that Georgia is not to be deliver'd up, otherwise the 
Minority will not consent to give us any thing, for so they have de- 
clared. I tell ye said he, it is not intended to be given up, and tho 
we call the Comissaries Plenipotentiarys, they are to receive directions 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 61 

from hence for every thing they sign, and till then, are only to send 
us an account of their conferences. 

Upon this and other discourse that past, the Gentlemen came away 
well satisfy'd, and contented to wait S? Robert's time for presenting 
the petition. 

This day M? White told our Accompt* that the sum we intended to 
ask of the Parliam* was too much, and that he did not like our manner 
of applying to S? Robert, because it ty'd the Trustees to a subserviency 
to him and his measures, whereas he, and others, thought it would 
have been better to keep a middle way, and not be bound to either 
Party in the house. That so doing, both Party's would court us. 

I ought not to omitt, that in the Conversation above mention'd with 
S? Robert, he had the weakness to discover to the Gentlemen, that 
the Spaniards would give up every thing, even the searching our ships 
at all, to have Georgia surrendered to them, adding, he did not know 
why some inconsiderable part of it might not be conceded to them, 
without injury to us. This shews how ignorant he was of the situation 
of the Colony and importance of it : for if any part of it were to be 
given up, it must be what ly's next to the Spaniards, and that includes 
the harbour of Jekyls Sound, which is the best on all the Continent ; 
And so M?- Tracy reply'd, adding when that was gone the rest would 
not be worth keeping, and observing he could not give a better reason 
why we should preserve the Colony in our own hands, than the Span- 
iards eagerness to have it from us. 

Feb' J . 14. 22. [Present,] Archer Tho., Archer Hen., Digby Edw*, Egmont, Hales 
Stev., Heathcote S! Will., Lapotre Hen., L* Limerick, Shaftsbury, Towers Tho., 
Towers Chris'?, Vernon Ja., P., Smith Sam!, C. C, Anderson Ad"?, Gough S! Hen.» 
Heathcote Geo., T. T. 

The Sumons was for a Comittee of Correspondence to prepare let- 
ters to go by the Mary Anne — Cap* Shubrick who was to depart the 
same week ; But a debate arrising about the proper time for present- 
ing our petition to Parliament for money, No other business was at- 
tended to, neither could we come this day to a determination, but were 
obliged to defer the farther consideration to monday following : 

1. Only we resolv'd on a list of papers relating to Georgia, and 
shewing the Importance of it to Great Britain, which the greater num- 
ber of us thought it would be proper to move the house to call for, 
before the debate on the Convention came on, in order to engage the 
Members to espouse the protection of the Province, in case it should 



62 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

appear that any article of the Treaty favour'd the surrendring any 
part of it to the Spaniards. 

Same day. 23. [Present,] Egmont, Hales Stev., Lapotre Hen., Towers Tho., 
Towers Christ", Vernon Ja., C. C. 

1. The same day the Gentlemen here mention'd din'd together, and 
M? Cooksey being suddenly to return to Georgia, we were obliged 
(tho not a Comon Council) to agree with him for a Grant of land he 
had petition'd for, to be confirmd next Board. 

2. M? Vernon acquainted us that S? Cha. Wager had assured him, 
two Men of War should be station'd at Georgia : but he kept not his 
word ; nothing was left unsaid to flatter us, that the Members of Par- 
liament of our Board might be induced to vote for the Convention. 

3. He also told us that M? Glen the new appointed Gov- of S. Caro- 
lina was like to fail in his attempt of procuring the Comission of Gen 1 , 
of the Forces in that Province, wherein should he succeed, Gen! Ogle- 
thorpe who bears that Comission would be superseded. It seems the 
Goverment allows 1000d£ p ann™ to the person who bears that Com- 
mission in S. Carolina, & it is the chief support of a Gov? there. M*. 
Glen represented to the Privy Council that being Gov? he ought also 
to be General, and of course enjoy that Sallary, and the Attorney & 
Sollicitor Generals had so given their opinions, But the Council board 
to get rid of the application refer'd it back to be reconsider'd by them. 

14. feb? 1738-9. Mt J? Cuthbert, Cap^ of Rangers in Georgia made 
oath, that he beleived a white servant might in 6 months after land is 
cleard raise as much corn &c as is sufficient for his provisions and 
cloathing, & in the other 6 months be employ 'd on lumber at which 
by his experience a white Man can at least earn 2 shill g . 8 per diem : 
also that hogs, cattel, & poultry encrease at a great rate & with little 
expence. This was to shew there is no necessity for Negroes. 

16 Feb? 1738/9. I went to the house of Comons, expecting that 
the papers w c . h the Trustees made a list of 2 days before relating to 
Georgia, would that day be moved for to be laid before the house : 
But S? Robert Walpole took allarm at it, and would not suffer our 
Gentleman to make the motion, resolving the house should not be 
possest of them until the debate on the Convention was over. Upon 
this, M r - Henry Archer who had design'd to move it, told S? Robert 
plainly, that the Gentlemen in the Trust were unanimous to keep 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 63 

Georgia out of the Spaniards hands, & that if they had not satisfaction 
in that point, they would vote against the Convention. S? Robert 
hearing this, call'd to Col. Bladen, and ask'd him whether England 
had a right to Georgia ? yes, reply'd the Col? Can you prove it, said 
S^ Robert, and will you undertake it ? the Col answer'd he would. 
Then, said S? Robert, By G — d the Spaniards shall not have it. 

Feb? 19. 24. [Present,] Archer Tho., Archer Hen., Eyles Fra., Hales Stev., Heath- 
cote S! Will., Lapotre Hen., LaKoch J"., L? Limerick, Shaftsbury, P., Sloper Will., 
Smith Sam!, Towers Tho., Towers Christ", Tracy Rob', Vernon Ja., C. C, An- 
derson Ad?, Gough ST, Hen. Heathcote Geo., T. T., 1/ Tirconel, C. 

The Sumons was for a Trustee board, to consider of the most proper 
time for presenting the Trustees petition to Parliament. 

But this was defer'd to a future meeting, the Gentlemen conceiving 
it of more importance to settle the day for moving the house to call 
for papers relating to Georgia. 

1. A cold which confin'd me some days, prevented my being present, 
but I was inform'd by M r Vernon, that the debate lasted the whole 
morning, whether they should be moved for on the morrow, or some 
days after. That it was generally thought proper for to morrow, 
otherwise the transcripts from the several Offices would not be made in 
time enough for the house to be possest of them, & so would be of no 
use in giving the necessary lights to the house, if the debate on the 
Convention were first over : But the board came to no conclusion, 
M? Tho. Towers insisting that this was an affair of great moment and 
merited further consideration, with whom joyn'd divers who were 
known to be ST Robert Walpoles friends, and now shew'd themselves 
desirous to oblige him in this affair, tho any delay was hazardous. 
It was therefore agreed to reasume the debate next meeting, But 
L? Limerick & Alderman Heathcote hinted that at all adventures they 
would make the motion. 

Feb? 21. 25. [Present,] Archer Hen., Archer Tho., Egmont, P., Hales Stev., 
Heathcote S' Will., Lapotre Hen., L? Limerick, Shaftsbury, Sloper Will., L? Tir- 
conel, Towers Tho., Towers Christ 1 ;, Vernon Ja., C. C, Burton John, Gough S! 
Hen., T. T. 

The Sumons was for a Trustee board to consider of the proper time 
to petition the Parliament for money : 

But this was again postponed, and the morning employ'd on two 
other important matters, viz. the security of Georgia, & the moving 
the house to call for papers. 



64 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

1. I open'd the debate on the first head, by expressing my great 
concern & apprehension, that the Province of Georgia was in danger 
of being given up to the Spaniards by this Convention, which suspicion 
I could support by many reasons, but that I supposed all present were 
already acquainted with them, & of the same opinion. That time 
wear'd away very fast, the Convention was speedily to be debated, and 
many lights proper to give the Parliament, with respect to the Span- 
iards unjust claim to Georgia, & his majesties right thereto were by 
the Ministry kept back, by their refusal to permit us to move for 
papers, the Titles whereof were shewn them. That their reasons 
given us for their refusal, were trivial and unsatisfactory, & only en- 
creased my fears. That the eyes of the World were upon us, and 
many had ask'd me what are the Trustees doing ? are ye careless what 
becomes of the Province ? are ye asleep ? The City of London, the 
Merchants, the Trading Towns are petitioning against this Conven- 
tion, and will you do nothing? Can ye expect any one will support 
you, if you will not endeavour to support your selves ? These re- 
proaches, I said, gave me great trouble, as they touch'd the honour of 
the Trustees, and the more as I thought them just ; For tho' we had 
not been idle, but had apply'd to S? Robert Walpole, yet that was un- 
known to the Publick, and we were sensible was hitherto unsuccess- 
fiill. I would therefore take the liberty to make them a motion which 
I hoped would have the approbation of all present, and the rather, 
because it would answer the Ends of some Gentlemen among us, who 
possibly might approve some parts of the Convention, but I was sure, 
if any thing therein should be prejudicial to Georgia, would in that 
part be against it, and therefore would be glad that the consideration 
of Georgia should stand single and unmix'd with other matters, that 
they might be under no difficulty how to give their votes. That my 
Oath of Comon Counsellor bound me in conscience to this proceeding, 
and to use all my skill and power in the service of the Province 
whereof I had a Trust ; and as I thought I could not serve it more in 
the doubtfull state were are, than by procuring from the Ministry an 
explicite declaration in Parliam^ whether Georgia shall be given up to 
the Spaniards or not, I humbly moved, 

That a petition be presented to the Parliament that they will be 
pleased to interpose, that the Colony of Georgia may not be affected 
by the 24 Article in the Convention, which refer's the settling of the 
Limits of Carolina & Florida to Plenipotentiaries. 

After some pawse, L4 Limerick rose, & seconded me with great 
strength and variety of reason, and 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 65 

Shew'd that this motion regarded not the Convention in general, 
nor even settling the Limits, provided Georgia be safe : that if the 
Parliam* should think fit to render up to the Spaniards any part of 
Carolina South of Georgia, this motion contain'd nothing ag st that, for 
in it we confine our selves to those lands only that were granted to us, 
of which we were Trustees for the Publick, and which we could not 
part with, consistent with our honour & conscience without using our 
utmost endeavours to preserve it. 

There was a seeming approbation of the motion, but no Gentleman 
spoke his sense on the same side : neither did MT Tho. Towers, 
MT Hen. Archer, MT Sloper, L4 Tirconel, or Other of ST Rob* Wal- 
poles friends oppose it, only they said it was a matter of great conse- 
quence & fit to be consider'd in a fuller meeting, which was agreed to, 
and the following Satturday appointed. 

2. We then renew'd the debate of the former meeting concerning 
the time for moving the house to call for papers relating to Georgia : 
and observing that ST Rob* Walpole was determined no motion should 
be made on that head in the House of Comons, till the debate on the 
Convention was over, We at length with some struggle agreed that 
the Earl of Shaftsbury should move for them in the house of Lords 
to morrow. 

This motion for calling on the House to protect us was very ill liked 
by Sf Robert's creatures without doors, it having the air as if we 
beleived ST Robert would abandon us, But I told several of them he 
had reason to thank me : for if he had imprudently made any indis- 
creet promise to the Court of Spain, or given her encouragement to 
hope Georgia should be given up to her, the Interposition of Parlia- 
ment would bring him off, as it did the late King in the case of 
Giberaltar. 



FeV. 24. 26. [Present,] Archer Tho., Archer Hen., Egmont, Heathcote Sr Will., P., 
Lapotre Hen., LaRoch J° , L* Limerick, Shaftsbury, Sloper Will., Smith Sam. , 
L* Tirconel, Towers Tho., Towers Christ?, Tracy Rob', Vernon Ja., C. C, An- 
derson Ad?, Burton J?, Bouverie S! Jacob, Gough S! Hen., Heathcote Geo., T. T. 

The Sumons was for a Trustee Board to consider of my motion 
made at the last meating for petitioning both Houses of Parliam* to 
interpose that the Colony of Georgia might not be affected by the 
24 Article of the Convention, which refer'd the settling of the Limits 
of Florida and Carolina to Plenipotentiaries. 

1. At this meeting I renew'd my motion, which L4 Limerick, the 

9 



66 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

Earl of Shaftsbury & Alderman Heathcote seconded. MT Sloper hesi- 
tated at the words may not be affected, as being of a large signification : 
But I desired a petition which I had prepared might be read, & then 
the board would know in what sense those words were to be taken ; 
wherein he acquiesced. 

But when it came to be read paragraph by paragraph, He, and 
others who were against petitioning at all, if they without reproach 
could venture publickly to declare their minds, talk'd long upon 
amendments to be made, to prevent our coming to a conclusion this 
day, which had we not done, the House of Lords who were to debate 
the Convention the tuesday following would not be possest of our 
petition, which M T . Horace Walpole earnestly wish'd they might not. 
But we who were aware of this, prest that all might be resolv'd this 
day, and we succeeded therein : the several paragraphs with certain 
alterations were agreed to nem. contradicente, together with the pre- 
amble, the seal put to it, M? LaRoch only dissenting who came in 
when the affair was over, & declared that had he been present he 
would oppose it. 

I then moved that the same petition should be presented to the 
House of Lords, mutatis mutandis, and presented to them the same 
day with that to the Comons, viz. on monday next, which was agreed 
to. L4 Shaftsbury took one to put into the Earl of Chesterfeilds 
hands, and L4 Limerick took the other to put into L4 Baltimore's. 

When this great Work was over, which had taken so many days 
debate, & for whose success I was very doubtfull, I could not but 
marvel that the words implore the protection of the houses, were 
suffer'd to pass, and that they escaped the animadversion of the 
Gentlemen, who had so long dally'd with us upon expressions much 
more trifling. 

26 Feb? 1738 / 9. I went this day to the Georgia Office to see the 
seal put to 131 sola bills to be sent on Wednesday next by Cap? Shu- 
brick to Georgia. 

The same day L? Baltimore presented our petition for protection to 
the House of Comons, And the Earl of Chesterfeild presented the 
other to the House of Lords, and both were order'd to ly on the table 
to be perused by their respective Members. 

L4 Limerick also made a motion for the papers & Memorials re- 
lating to Georgia to be laid before the House of Comons. 

It is remarkable that when L4 Baltimore presented our petition, 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 67 

Three of our Trustees, friends and Creatures of S? : Robert Walpole, 
M*. White, Mr Hucks, and M? Wollaston, rose from their seats, & 
hastily left the house, which was much resented both by L4 Balti- 
more, and many of our body, but thereby they made their Court to 
ST Robert. 

Feb 1 ! 28. 28. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Hales Stev., L? Limerick, Sloper 
Will., Ch., L? Tirconel, Towers The, Towers Christ?, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to consider of the most proper time 
for presenting to Parliament our Petition for a supply. And to peruse 
the Ace* of the application of the money granted in the foregoing 
session. 

1. Report was made from the Comittee of Acc*. s to whom was refer 'd 
the 7* h ins! M? Boltzius's application for money to help the Saltsburg 
Widows & orphans, and MT Gronau's application for a further sum to 
finish his house (See fol. [57, 58]) 

That with the 20 £ received from M. T . Vernon for the use of the 
Saltsburgers, the ballance unapplyed of the benefactions to them was 
76.2.6, and that it was their opinion that 30 £ be sent in sola bills to 
make up the charge of building M? Gronaus house from 10 £ to 40 £. 
And that 40£ in sola bills be sent to M? Boltzius towards the main- 
tenance of widows & orphans out of the ballance unapplyed. 

The Comon Council agreed to the Report and order'd 70 £ for those 
purposes. And that Gen! Oglethorpe be indemnified for endorsment 
of said bills in the same manner as those which were order'd the 31. of 
last month : which made the whole sola bills to be now sent amount 
to 110£. 

2. We then took into consideration what day to present our petition 
to Parliam*. for money. 

On one side it was urged that all petitions for money were already 
deliverd in, and to morrow is the last day for receiving private peti- 
tions. That we should be unexcusable if we let slip the opportunity 
till the Comittee of Supply's was shut. That the Minority was at 
present for us, but should we wait till the debate on the Convention 
was over, and the same approved of, perhapps by the help of such 
Members of our board as would vote with the Ministry, the Minority 
would be so out of humour as to turn against us, and make it a pre- 
tence for denying us money, that it would be only throwing money 
away since Georgia was to be deliverd up to the Spaniards. 

It was said on the other side, that it would be very improper to 



68 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

present our'petition now, after having taken S? Robert Walpoles ad- 
vice concerning the time, whose desire was that we should wait till 
the Grand debate on the Convention was over. That it would be the 
more improper because we had already disobliged him by imploring 
the protection of both Houses, which imply'd that we dispair'd of pro- 
tection from him. That in a very full board we had unanimously 
resolv'd to stay ST Roberts time, and if we do so, we cannot reasonably 
fear he will go back from his word to support us. That the Comittee 
of Supply could not so speedily shut as we apprehended, & we might 
watch it, so as always to come time enough with our petition. 

At length we agreed to defer the consideration of this affair to 
fryday next, when we might hope for a fuller board, and in the mean 
time desired that some of our Members would wait on ST Robert to 
express our fears of lapsing our time for petitioning, and to procure 
from him a renewal of his promise to support us. 

After breaking up, M? Sloper, MT Tho. Towers, MT Vernon, D v . 
Hales and I din'd to gether, and in the Evening drew up the form of 
a paper to be shewn our friends in the H. of Comons, And to particu- 
larize the sums we want to put us out of debt, and to carry on the 
Civil affairs of the Colony from Lady day 1739 to Lady day 1740. 

We also as a Comittee of Correspondence drew up a letter to 
Gen? Oglethorpe in answer to those lately receiv'd from him. 

March 2. 29. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Heathcote Sf Will., L? Limerick, 
Sloper Will., Ch., L* Tirconel, Towers Tho., Towers Christ?, Tracy Rofr, Vernon 
Ja., C. C. 

The Sumons was as before to consider on what day we should pre- 
sent our petition to Parliam* for money. 

1. M? Thomas Tower acquainted us, that he & some other of the 
Trustees din'd yesterday with ST Robert Walpole, to whom they put 
the question when they should present our petition ? he reply'd when 
the business of tuesday next is over, Wednesday or thursday, it was 
indifferent to him : he had got the King's consent, and would give his 
assistance for granting us 20000 £ for this years service, but he thought 
it not sufficient to grant this sum to us for the present, for thought 
must be had of the future, & Georgia must be fortify'd. 

From hence My Towers infer'd that Sr Robert was sincere in this 
matter, and really did not intend that Georgia should be given up by 
the Plenipotentiaries. 

I said all this look'd well, and since S? Robert had mention'd 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 69 

Wednesday, I should be for fixing on that day, because it was the 
supply day, and the Gentlemen of the Trust who were Members of 
the house would not be obliged to shew themselves (as many were 
likely to do) supporters of the Ministry, to the distast of the Minority 
until after the petition was deliverd, for that tuesday would be taken 
up in examining the Merchants petition, & perhapps Wednesday too, 
and consequently the grand debate would at soonest be on thursday, 
before which time our petition would be presented. 

The Gentlemen concurring in this opinion, we agreed to desire 
Mr Towers to acquaint S? Robert our desire of petitioning next 
Wednesday if he thought fit. 

2 March 1738 / 9. This day the new intended Gov? of S. Carolina, 
acquainted me that he had lately received a letter from that Province, 
informing him, that the Chachtaw nation had sent down 3 of their 
most powerfull kings with 60 attendants to Charlestown, and enter'd 
into Allyance with that Province. That they had in consequence 
thereof expell'd all the French out of their Country, and made peace 
with the Chickesaws our friends, but their antient Enemies, and had 
likewise gain'd over the Blew mouths, a Nation of Indians on the 
other side of the Messasippi river : so that the French are entirely 
prevented from compassing their scheme of opening a Comunication 
from Canada down to the Bay of Mexico, these Nations possessing a 
considerable part of the Messasippi River. 

March 7. 30. [Present,] Archer Tho., Archer Hen., Egmont, Lapotre Hen., 
L? Limerick, Smith Sam!, Towers Tho., Towers Christ?, Vernon Ja., C. C, 
Anderson Ad™, T. 

A Sumons was issued to all the Trustees to meet, the design of 
which was, that if any difficultie arrose concerning the presenting 
our petition this day, we might consult thereon : But there hap- 
pen'd none. 

1. L4 Sidney Beauclerc presented it, L4 Baltimore seconded it, and 
the house refer'd it to the Comittee of Supply, to which there were 
but two Noes, ST Will. Clayton a Ministry Man, & M? Fox Member 
for Shaftsbury. 

2. We did no Comon Council business, but as Trustees we wrote a 
letter to M? Page one of the Comon Council who never yet had quali- 
fied himself, to desire he would come to town and do it before our 
Anniversary day to morrow Sennit, or else to send up his resignation, 
that elect another in his stead. 



70 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

3. We also agreed on the substance of a law in favour of female 
successions to Grants in Georgia, which I prest very urgently, because 
of the great clamour against us on ace* of their exclusion. 

4. As a Comittee of Correspondence, we made some progress in 
perusing M? Stephens last journal, out of which we took notes to 
make our report on, & for heads of letters, but had not time to go 
through it. 

8 March 1738 / 9. This day the consideration of the kings speech, 
and debate on the Convention came on, and the House was fuller than 
had been known for many years. M? Horace Walpole moved an Ad- 
dress of thanks to his Magesty for his carefull and prudent negotiation 
with Spain to preserve the trade & possessions of his subjects, but was 
strongly opposed by the Minority. The debate lasted from half an 
hour after eleven till 10 a clock at night, and then the address was 
carrj''d by the Court, by the difference only of 28 : viz. 260 ag s * 232. 

My Henry Archer was much pleased that he had prevaild on 
ST Rob! Walpole to add the word possessions to the words rights be- 
longing to Great Britain in the West Indies : whereby Georgia was 
secured, as far as the sense of Parliament could secure it, otherwise, it 
is possible men may have Mights tho kept out of possession, whereas 
in addressing his Majesties to preserve our possessions Georgia is more 
explicitly & effectually insisted on to be preserv'd, tho Great Britains 
Title thereto should be dubious. He said that when he desired this 
word might be added, Mr Horace Walpole was against it, saying it 
could not be done : but upon his replying, that if it was not done, it 
would be moved for by the Minority, MT Walpole said he would advise 
with Si' Robert his brother, who calling the Attorney and Sollicitor 
Generals to advise on it, they gave their opinion that rights compre- 
hended possession : the absurdity whereof Mr Archer shew'd them 
from the best authorities in the law, and then ST Robert yeilded to 
put in the Word possessions, to humour the Trustees as he said, & it 
was well he did, for thereby he gain'd the votes of most of the Trus- 
tees who were in the house, who otherwise would have absented, but 
the Minority were enraged at them, and from that day we lost their 
affection, considering us as meer tools of the Ministry ; 

13 March 1738 / 9. The Saltsburgers at Ebenezar wrote and sign'd 
a Counter-representation to that sent by the Inhabitants of Savannah, 
earnestly desiring of Gen! Oglethorpe that Negroes and change of 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 71 

Tenure may not be allow'd of in the Province. In it they express 
their happy condition, & desire the encouragement they had might be 
given to others to joyn them. They alledge men may work in the 
hottest day till ten a clock, & from 3 till sunset. That last crop they 
had more rice than they could use for their own consumption, and only 
wanted such Mills for cleaning rice as are used in Germany. That 
they sold many bushels of corn, pease, potatoes, pumkins, cabidge &c. 
besides much spent in feeding hogs, cows, calves & Poultry, &c. 

14 March. 31. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Heathcote S? Will., Lapotre 
Hen., La Roch J?, L? Tirconnel, Towers Christ?, Ch., Towers Tho., Tracy Rob!, 
Vernon Ja., C. C, Burton J? , T. 

A Comon Council was sunion'd to go into a Comittee to examine 
the state of the Trustees Ace*? and proceedings to be laid before the 
Anniversary Meeting, & to consider what new Members may be pro- 
posed to be then elected into the Corporation. 

1. The Earl of Shaftsbury & L? Limerick sent this day to the 
Office their Resignations of the Office of Common Council men, 
which were read & caused great indignation in all the Gentlemen 
present, especially as it was done so suddenly as the day before our 
Anniversary Meeting, so that they allow'd us no time to fix on other 
persons to succeed them. The reason they gave to their friends was, 
that the greater number of Comon Council men had lately voted with 
the Court for the Convention, tho had they all done so, the resolu- 
tion for approving the Convention had been carry'd. 

The Gentlemen present said it was hard on these two Lords to 
expect they should vote with the minority against their principle & 
opinions, & they had as good right to resent their Lordships voting 
against them. Besides the affair of the Convention had no particular 
relation to our Province of Georgia, or if it had, there might be some 
prudence in voting with the Ministry, who alone could support it by 
the majority of Members at their devotion, and whom it therefore 
was of consequence not to disoblige. That if they were to be counted 
Tools of the Ministry, as had been given out, it was as good be so as 
Tools of a Faction, but it appeard by their strenuous insisting on the 
word possession in the Parliaments address to his Majesty, and declar- 
ing to the Ministry that unless that was done they would vote against 
the Convention, that they were not Tools to them, but had a just re- 
gard to the preservation of the Colony, so much suspected to be in 
the Ministry's purpose to give up, and that they had the care of their 



72 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

Trust principally at heart. They added they could more easily for- 
give the E. of Shaftsbury, because young & mislead, but it was un- 
pardonable in L? Limerick, who labour'd to draw him away, and not 
only him, but had also set Alderman Heathcote to do the same by 
others. 

2. When this was over, We made a By law, whereby no resigna- 
tion should be accepted, if not declared & given in one month before 
the 3? Thursday in March, our Anniversary day, and the day of elec- 
tion. 

3. We also caused a letter to be wrote to Mf John Page (who not 
long before had at our desire because he never attended) resign'd, to 
desire he would withdraw his resignation, & continue of the Comon 
Council : for this thunder clap came so sudden that we had not time 
to think of proper persons to fill up the vacancies. 

4. When the Board broke up, MT Vernon, DV Burton & I dined 
together, and in aCorfiittee perused M? Stephens journal, & took notes 
from thence & divers letters lately received, for heads of a Report to 
be made to a future Comon Council. 

14 March. Ml' Boltzius their minister wrote the same purpose, 
adding that they had raised that season at least 1104 bushels of corn, 
429 of Indian peas : 518 of potatoes, 398 of rough rice besides a great 
many pumkins & other garden stuff, and had it not been for their 
sowing the yellow Pensilvanea corn w c . h dissappointed them, and their 
lots not being run out as they ought in time (being not done til last 
Fall) they had raised much more. He earnestly desired that no 
Negroes might be sufferd near them, and that leave might not be 
given for people to sell their Lotts. 

15 March. 32. [Present,] Archer The, Archer Hen., Egmont, Hales Stephen, 
Heathcote Sf Will., Lapotre Hen., LaRoch J?, Sloper Will., Smith Sam!, L? 
Tirconnel, Towers Tho., Tracy Rob!, Ch., Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson, L? Car- 
penter, Burton J?, Gough S! Hen., T. T. 

This being the Anniversary day, the Gentlemen met as in the 
Margent, to receive from the Accomptant a state of their affairs, to 
elect new Comon Council Men, & Trustees if found necessary, to hear 
a sermon, & to dine together. 

1. We received the Accomptant's anniversary Accf of our Receipts 
& disbursments, & approved it. 

2. We confirmd the By law made last meeting. 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 73 

3. We agreed that a law should be made in favour of female suc- 
cessors in Georgia, & that 3 Gentlemen of the law of our board, 
MF Hen. Archer, MF Tho. Towers, & Judge Holland should pre- 
pare it. 

4. We chose L? Sidney Beauclerc a Trustee, and then elected him 
of the Comon Council. He being before hand acquainted with it, 
came to us at dinner and return'd us thanks, expressing great satis- 
faction in being chosen of our body. 

5. We also re-elected L? Carpenter of the Comon Council, which 
much disturb'd him till we promised he should not qualify himself 
and take the Oath, w ? 1 seem'd to content him, but afterwards he in- 
sisted not to be counted of the Comon Council. 

6. DF Berriman a noted Preacher gave us an excellent sermon in 
S? Brides Church, after which most of us din'd together at the Castle 
Tavern, and with us, the Doctor above mentiond, the Reader of 
SF 1 Brides Church, & MF Glen the new intended Governour of S. Car- 
olina. 

7. But MF Tracy leaving us after sermon to attend the H. of 
Comons, surprised me with a letter concerning some late discourse of 
MF, Giraldini touching Georgia, which may be seen on the other leaf, 
with my answer thereto. 

8. Alderman Heathcote, MF White, MF Moore, and MF Hucks did 
not come near us this day, of whom we may say as S* John did of the 
Apostate Christians in his time, they went out from us, but they were 
not of us. Their hearts seem alienated from us, and the last of these 
Gentlemen told a friend of mine in confidence, that if we might have 
a Peace with Spain by giving up Georgia, it were a good thing : yet 
this same Gentleman told me a month ago, that if there were a de- 
bate to give up Georgia, he would divide the house ag*? it, tho there 
were but three to joyn him. Thus false or inconstant are Men. 

15 March 1738-9. MF Tracy wrote me from the Parliament 
house, that MF Henry Vane a Member, having industriously reported 
that MF Giraldini the Spanish Minister should tell L? Lovel, that his 
King would sooner part with Madrid than give up Georgia, Gen! 
Wade went this morning on purpose to enquire into the truth, it 
being the Court day of the Foreign Ministers. That he took Giral- 
dini asside, and told him what he was reported to have said ; Giraldini 
protested it was great injustice done him that all the foundation he 
presumed there was for it was a conversation he had at MF Nugents 

10 



74 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

where L? Lovell was present. My L? Nugent and some others talk'd 
a good deal about Georgia and several points of the Convention ; 
Giraldini says till they came to Georgia he sat silent, but then was 
call'd upon to give his opinion, upon which he declared to Gen! Wade, 
that he only said he apprehended his Master had by Treatys of 1667 
and 1670 a right to a great part of Georgia : But that he (Giraldini) 
had said in several places, particularly to S? Rob* Walpole, that if 
the English would not extend their new Settlement beyond the River 
Allatahama, and keep to the Northern side, the king of Spain would 
be contented that his Dominion should extend no farther, than to 
the Southern side of that River. 

I imediatly wrote to M? Tracy in answer that I was obliged 
to him for this account, and much satisfied with it : But I was 
afraid if the lands bordering on the Southward of the Allatahama 
were left in the power of the Spaniards to occupy, they by building a 
Fort on the Banks might comand the Entrance or navigation of that 
River ; therefore in my opinion, the most that could be conceded to 
the Spaniards, was that the lands to the Southward should be left 
entirely desert, and uninhabited by Spaniards or English. That I 
spoke as a Georgian, but whether the Ministry would assert the right 
of our king farther Southward, or the Pai'liament acquiesce in yeild- 
ing up any part of our possessions (tho no part of Georgia) was im- 
possible for me to know, and very unbecoming me to speak to. That 
in the mean time, I could not help observing, our Petition and honest 
resolute and faithfull declaration to the Ministry on this occasion, 
together with the great Minority that voted against approving the 
Convention, must have produced this late declaration of Giraldini : 
For I still beleive'd my Lord Bathurst & M? Blackwood told me true, 
that he said to them his Master would sacrifice the Indies, before he 
would suffer us to keep Georgia. 

Talking with M? Laroche about the contents of Mr Tracy's letter, 
and telling him we did wisely in adding the words Possessions to the 
Commons Address : he told me it was his own thought, and that he 
with M? Hen. Archer moved it to SF Rob* Walpole and insisted on 
it. I reply'd Mr Tho. Towers told me it was himself with M? Archer 
moved it to ST Robert, which Mr LaRoche deny'd, and seem'd un- 
easie that another took the merit of it. 

16 March 1738-9. I remark'd this day, that in his Majesties answer 
to the Commons Address, he only promises to do his best to preserve 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 75 

our Just Rights, leaving out the word possessions, so that tis evident 
ST Rob* Walpole (who draws up the kings speeches) is resolv'd not 
to be ty'd down to preserve Georgia, in case the giving it up can for- 
ward a Peace, and that he only suffer'd that word to stand in the 
Coinons Address, in order to gain the Trustees to vote for the Con- 
vention. This was afterwards flung in our teeth, and some who 
were caught in the snare declared Sr Robert had not acted fairly by 
us. 

16 March 1738-9. This day arrived Mr Stephens journal from 21 
Nov b . r to 2 Jau7 1738-9 wherein, among other things he acquaints the 
Trustees, 

1. That Mr Tho. Jones emp]oy'd by Mr Oglethorpe to adjust 
Mr Caustons Ace*. 3 is too hot & passionate. 

2. That Mr Tho. Christie the Recorder had made over the two ser- 
vants the Trustees had allow'd him, to Patrick Graham a Surgeon & 
Planter at Savanah- for a sum of ready money, which was an artfull 
contrivance of making a penny, as he had many others, but how 
well it would be approved of, he doubted. 

3. That Will™ Bradley Overseer of the Trust servants was return'd 
from Carolina, where he had to his satisfaction obtain'd a family 
Grant of lands, which (his family being numerous in children and ser- 
vants) came to at 50 acres p head to 1300 acres, and that the same 
lay in the Township of Purysburg. 

4. That Mr Amory of Savannah had also obtaind in Carolina a 
Grant of 500 acres. 

5. That Mr Bradley declared he was ready to make up Ace*. 3 w*? 
Mr Tho. Jones, but that Jones defer'd it : which Jones deny'd. 

6. That He (Mr Stephen's) servants were 4 of them sick, & the 
rest incorrigibly idle. 

7. That tis difficult to recover Run-away servants, they finding an 
Asylum in Carolina. 

8. That Mr Norris perform'd his duty of Pastor excellently well. 

9. That there was a Report at Savannah, that an universal defec- 
tion had appeard of a sudden, in the Inhabitants of Darien, and that 
they had sent a deputation to Gen' Oglethorpe at S* Simons, and re- 
quired a certain assurance, that they should have imediate remedy to 
their complaints, or else they were determin'd to break up, & go else 
where. That the chief of their complaints was the Tenure by which 
they held their lands, the want of a store having no Market to go to, 



76 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

or credit to support themselves. To prevent which evil, they pro- 
posed a publick store should be set up to supply them with what they 
wanted, for which they should be allow'd to make payment in lum- 
ber, shingles, pipe staves, & the like : which M? Stephens remarks 
would put an end to all planting at once. 

10. That the Representation for the use of Negroes & change of Ten- 
ure (see Fol. [30]) was sign'd by MT J? Brownfeild the Register of the 
Province, Di" Tailfer surgeon, & MF Rob* Williams, which last de- 
sign'd to bring the same with him to England, and lay it before the 
Trustees. That therein they take upon them to demonstrate, that 
no person can carry on any improvment of land on the foot they now 
are, without certain loss, and therefore they must be allow'd the use 
of Negroes. 

11. That the Carolinians give such encouragement to all who are 
uneasie in Georgia, that 'tis to be fear'd many will be tempted to for- 
sake the Colony & settle there. 

12. That the French reported the Neighbouring Indians intended 
to cut off all the white people who lived among them, in order to 
deter our Traders from going up to them. But that the Dog king 
who is on our Frontier, assured MF Willy (who is station'd at a small 
Fort in the Creek Nation to observe the Indians) that they would 
never side with the French, but die with the English. 

13. That on the 14 Dec b . r the stores at Savannah were near ex- 
hausted by Gen! Oglethorpes order at his landing 26 Sept b . r whereby 
the Creditors of the Trustees had it in their option to take provision 
instead of money. 

14. That several ships with provision had come to Savannah, but 
finding no vent, saild away. 

15. That what with the disorder of the Civil Oeconomy, and the 
disputes of the Military, Gen! Oglethorpe was much embarrass'd. 

16. That Georgia was in contempt of her neighbours, and all cor- 
respondence with her very little regarded by too many of them. 

17. That a Court Marshall was to be held at Frederica to deter- 
mine some differences arrisen among the Officers. 

18. That M? Tho. Jones declared the Ace*? of M? Causton were 
so intricate he beleived he should not be able to adjust them. 

19. That since M? Caustons disgrace, MT J? Brownfeild & Mr Ha- 
bersham were grown very great with him, who before were his Ene- 
mies. 

20. That Cap! Davies (of suspected character) was with his ship 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 11 

arrived from S? Augustine, where he went to reclaim 19 Negroes who 
had run from him, and refuged themselves there, but that the Span- 
iards declared them free, & laugh'd at him, and the Governour told 
him they were made free by the King his Masters orders. On which 
Mf Stephens remarks, that if the Negroes can thus escape from Caro- 
lina, and are made free, what less could be expected than that they 
would easily march off from Georgia, which ly's so much nearer to 
the Spaniards, if Negroes were there allow'd. 

21. That Duche* the Potter boggled at making the China ware I 
had wrote for, and given him (said Stephens) a paper setting forth 
the things he wanted for such work, and another advance of money. 
That he refused to send to the Trustees any of his Clay, alledging it 
was a nostrum of his own, which he would rather hope for a Patent 
to appropriate to himself, than devulge. 

22. That a scandalous woman had spread a report that M?< Norris 
had been familiar with a Maid servant he had borrow'd to clean his 
house : but upon plain conviction the Magistrates had order'd her to 
be whip'd, as she had often been before. 

This Journ? was accompany'd with a letter of 2. JanT wherein he 
acquaints the Trustees, 

1. That he had in his journal lay'd before them a scene of Confu- 
sion and disorder. 

2. That he hoped every body would have patiently waited the prod- 
uce of the next years crop : But the fatal Tydings of the bad state 
of Affairs thro-out, by reason of such great debts incurr'd, & the 
deficiency of Funds to discharge them : the Stopping all Credit, and 
the applying great part of what was in the stores to the payment of 
part of some of the Creditors, had made a visible change in peoples 
looks & tempers, and very few (in the northern division) had re- 
frain'd from signing the Memorial mention'd in his journal. 

3. That Cap! Patrick Mackay (tho he sign'd it not) was a princi- 
pal Incendiary, and Robert Williams with his brother in law Patrick 
Tailfer the chief Fabricators of it. 

4. That the model on which the Colony is founded is treated with 
derision. 

5. That Tailfer had never yet cultivated any land, but got more 
money than any one by his practice, and letting out the servants he 
brought with him for hire : 

6. But that Williams had cultivated more than any one and met 
with less return, which might chagrine him : But he had private 



78 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

views in insisting on the use of Negroes, & on a change of the tenure 
of his land, because if the Inhabitants might alienate, they might bor- 
row money on their land by morgage to buy Negroes, and he was 
engaged in partnership with others who dealt in Negroes. 

7. That there were also discontents in the South. 

8. That when he wrote, there was no more than 12 barrils of meat 
left in the Stores. 

In a letter of 3? Jan? 1738-9 MT Stephens acquaints My Verelts 
with the distress 

1. he is under : some servants sick, the others idle. 

2. That he owed 20 £ to Physicians, but had not wherewith to pay 
it. 

3. That he had been dissappointed of his Crop, tho much care had 
been taken, and his land was good. That 3 parts in four of the Corn 
planted last season had faild. 

4. That the Estimate of Expences for the current year, first abridg'd, 
& afterwards not comply'd with by the Trustees, for want of ability, 
blasted all their hopes of subsisting. 

5. That he might as well hope to escape the raging of the sea as 
the madness of the people. 

6. He hints at being slighted on that side, but depends on the 
Trustees for remedying his uneasiness & wants. 

The same day (16 March 1738-9) arrived Andrew Duche" the Pot- 
ters proposal, setting forth, that he had found out the true manner of 
making porcelain or China ware, but needed money (over & above 
the encouragement formerly given him) to build conveniencies and 
lay in a stock to enable him to make large quantities of it for expor- 
tation, which would greatly turn to the Credit and advantage of the 
Colony, & employ at least 100 poor people in the Town, & many 
more, if we should procure him a patent for the sole making of it in 
this Colony, & exclusive of all others in any part of his Majesties 
Dominions that are or may be annex'd to the Crown of Great Britain 
for the space of 15 years, w c . h he hopes will not be refused, as he is 
the first Man in Europe, Africa or America, that ever found the true 
material and manner of making porcelain or China ware. He also 
desired 2 ingenious pot painters at certain reasonable wages to be en- 
gaged for 4 years, & he would oblige himself to pay them their wages 
quarterly. But as to sending over any clays to the Trustees, he de- 
sired to be excused. He further desired the Trustees would send him 
a Tun weight of Pig lead, 200 weight of blew smalt such as potters 



1738-9.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 79 

list;, 300 weight of block Tin, and an Iron mortar & pestle to weigh 
together about 200 p? 

In answer to my Comission to send me over China Cups, he said 
they would have been ready to send by this opportunity, had he been 
able to build a kiln for that purpose, but till then they cannot be 
made. And as to the garden pots, he chose not to make them, if 
expected of the same matter with the Cupps. 

21 March. 33. [Present,] Archer Hen., P., Beauclerc L d Sidney, Digby Edw d , 
Egmont, Heathcote Sf Will., Lapotre Hen., LaRoche J?, L d Tirconnel, Towers 
Tho., Towers Christ?, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Trustee Board was sumond to swear into the Comon Council L? 
Sidney Beauclerc, and afterwards to dine together, expecting the 
Comittee of Suply would vote us 20000<£, but this affair was put off 
till fryday. 

1. L? Sidney Beauclerc was sworn of the Comon Council. 

2. Resolv'd that in consideration of the present distress the Inhabit- 
ants of Savannah are in by reason of shutting up the stores, 40 barrils 
of household flowr be sent by a ship that is to sail the End of this 
month to South Carolina, which 40 barrils consisting of 5 bushells 
each, makes 200 bushels, & will cost under 60 £ and the freight there- 
of not more than 20 shill g . s p Tun. 

After this the gentlemen went most of them to the H. of Comons, 
leaving only 3 of us who were not Members, as a Comittee of Corre- 
spondence to consider of certain letters lately come to the Office by the 
way of Ireland. 

Same day, Comittee 34. [Present,] Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

1. Considerd the Memorial of Mary Lacy (Relict of Roger Lacy 
of Thunderbolt) setting forth and extenuating her case. She was in 
July last accused of confederating w*? 1 Hetherington and Bishop of 
Thunderbolt, in killing hogs and cattel belonging to Bailif Parker, and 
to the Trust, and in ordering her servant to assist therein, & in salting 
the hogs, and receiving them into her warehouse. The rest of the 
Confederates were try'd & brought in guilty, but she was bailed, & 
judgment respited on all until the pleasure of the Trustees should be 
known, what Sentence should be past on them, or how the Magistrates 
should proceed. 

We agreed that a letter should be wrote to M? Stephens, that if the 
Offenders who were brought in guilty had not made their escape, they 



80 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

should pay treble damages, thinking this better than that the Magis- 
trates should proceed capitally against them : and we chose to write 
our opinions in this manner to our Secretary, rather than to the Mag- 
istrates, least it might be thought we directed them in their judgments 
& giving sentence, which we would carefully avoid. 

2. After this we joyn'd the other Gentlemen at diner where M? Sloper 
& S? Hen. Gough also came. After dinner I met Cap* Dempsy, and 
told him ST Rob* Walpole said publickly in the house of Conions, that 
there had not yet been a shovel of Earth dug towards building Forts 
in Georgia. The Cap* swore G — d — him, what did he mean to 
say so ? That Fort Frederica is so strong it cant be taken without 
Canon, having bastions, covert way, palisadoes & ditch, and when he 
was there, 20 cannon mounted. That he also assisted in building Fort 
S? Andrew, a strong place but left it before he had seen it finish' d. 

23 March 1738-9. This day the Comittee of Supply voted 20000£ 
for the Service of Georgia, in the further settling & improving it. L? 
Sidney Beauclerc moved it & no body spoke for or against it, only 
there were about 6 noes. 

24 March. 35. [Present,] L? Beauclerc, Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Vernon Ja., C. C. 
A Comittee of Correspondence met to prepare answers to letters re- 
ceived from Georgia. 

1. We read two letters dat. Nov b . r last from Mr Cross, Consul at 
Tenerif Island, offering to serve our Colony w*! 1 wine : 

Agreed that thanks be returnd him, and that he be told our cir- 
cumstances do not serve us now to send any wines to Georgia. 

2. "We read Mi' Norris's 2 letters of the 19 Oct. & 12 Dec b . r last (see 
Fol. [28, 30]). 

Agreed that our Secretary acquaint him with the Trustees approba- 
tion of his zeal, and his removal from Savannah to Frederica, M 1 . Whit- 
feild being to return to his care of the Church at Savanah. 

3. Duche" the Potter's Proposal to the Trustees for further encour- 
agement was read, but refer'd to future consideration, until Cap*. 
Thompsons arrival, who may acquaint us with the state of his Manu- 
facture. 

4. Agreed that 80 Barrils (instead of 60 formerly orderd) of Flowr 
should be bought as soon as possible, to be sent to the store at Savan- 
nah now under the care of Mr Tho. Jones : the same to be distributed 
by Mf Stephens & the 2 first Bailifs, whose certificate should be a 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 81 

sufficient discharge to Jones. Out of which The Trustees servants to 
be first supply'd, next the Widows & Orphans, lastly the most necessi- 
tous. 

5. Agreed that MF Stephens & the 2 first Magistrates of Savannah 
and Frederica should be wrote to, to appoint a proper Overseer of the 
Trust servants in each Division of the Province. 

6. That those Overseers should make up monthly Ace*? of the peo- 
ples labour, & of their number, agreable to the Instructions already 
given of the Works appointed to be carry'd on. 

7. That MF Stephen should have 20,£ to defray the expence of his 
son & servants sickness ; & in consideration of his loss by servants 30 £ 
more. 

8. That MF Norris's sallary be paid him quarterly, & the former or- 
der relating to the building his house, culture of his 5 acres &c be 
punctually observed ; and that a considerable number of Lewis's cate- 
chisms be sent to him as he desired. 

9. That 1000 weight of cheese and 20 hundred weight of beef 
should be sent as soon as possible for the use of the stores, and that 
none of these provisions be paid away in discharge of debts on the 
stores, but apply'd to the relief of the Inhabitants. 

10. That Bailif Parker, MF Stephens, and MF Tho. Jones be ap- 
pointed to take & state the Publick Debts of the Colony. 

The rest of our business we adjourn'd to monday follow^ 

25 March 1739. L? Gage told my son this day, that talking with 
MF Giraldini concerning Georgia, and telling him that he was observed 
to speak differently of it, some times that his Master would have it, & 
some times that the English should keep it : Giraldini reply'd, the 
Town did him wrong, but this he said and would still say, that Caro- 
lina shall remain to England, but Florida to his Master. What, re- 
ply'd L? Gage, our settlements there ? yes, your settlements, answerd 
Giraldini, & pray let all know it if you please. How different this 
from what he told Gen? Wade ! (see fol. [73].) 

The next day MF LaEoche told me, that he had it from MF Seddon 
who dos business for the German Minister, that MF Giraldini told 
him, his Master will bear a 20 years War, before he will suffer us to 
keep Georgia. 

n 



82 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

26 March. 36. [Present,] L?Beauclerc, Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Vernon Ja. , C. C. 

The Adjourn'd Comittee of Correspondence met again. 

We took into consideration Gen! Oglethorpes letter dat. 7 Oct^ r last 
(seefol. [27]) and also 

Two petitions that came with it, one from the Old Settlers at Fred- 
erica, desiring further support of bread kind, meat & seed ; the other 
from 5 new settlers there, desiring also support : and both promising 
to repay the Trustees as they shall be able. 

1. Agreed to report, to the Comon Council, that the Old Settlers 
might be allow'd in their necessity 2 p? of beef p week to each of 
them : they are in number 53, but how numerous their families are we 
know not. 

2. That 50 or 60 Tun of beer might be sent to Gen! Oglethorpe ac- 
cording to his desire, but that it should be put to his own Ace* and not 
sent on the Trustees Ace* being probably for the use of the Regiment, 
with w c . h the Trustees had nothing to do. That MT Rob! Hucks should 
be spoke to, to prepare the beer, & send it in that manner, but if he 
declined it, then that the Trustees might pay for it, and charge the 
General to account for the value to the Trustees. 

26 March. This day the House agreed to the Comittee of Supply's 
report for granting the Trustees of Georgia 20000£. 

28 March. 37. [Present,] Archer Hen., L? Beauclerc, Egmont, Hales Stev., La- 
potre Hen., Sloper Will., Smith Sam!, L? Tirconnel, Towers Tho., Vernon Ja., 
Ch., C. C, Anderson Ad", T. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to receive Reports from the Cornit- 
tees of Ace*. 3 & Correspondence relating to the letters received, & di- 
rections to be given by the ship going this week with the Saltsburgers. 

1. Agreed to the Comittee of Correspondence's Report of 21. ins! and 
order'd that M. T . Stephens be wrote to, & informd of the surprise the 
Trustees are in, that the Magistrates of Savannah had not inform 'd the 
Trustees that Jos. Hetherington, Bishop and Fra. Elgar serv* to M r ? 
Lacy had been found guilty of killing cattel belonging to MT Henry 
Parker, and had made no application to the Trustees how to proceed 
therein, tho' they suspended judgment till they should have the Trus- 
tees direction ; that had the same persons not been indicted of Fel- 
ony, but upon clear conviction, punished by a pecuniary mulct of 3 
times the Value, it had been a more eligable procedure. 

2. Agreed to the Comittee of Correspondence's Report of 24. inst!, 
and orderd 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 83 

(1.) That 80 sacks of flowr be sent with the ship that carry's over 
the Saltsburgers, & consign'd to M? Tho. Jones, and that he make up 
a monthly Ace' of Receipts issues & Remains, to be testify'd by Mr 
Stephens & one of the Bailifs ; and that such part thereof as shall be 
sent to Frederica, be put under the care of M? White the Storekeeper 
there, who is likewise to make up his Ace* the same way. 

(2.) That the Issues of the stores be in the I s * place to the Trustees 
servants, in the 2? to the Widows & Orphans, and afterwards to such 
planters who are in necessity from sickness, or any unavoidable calam- 
ity. 

(3.) That the keeper of the stores keep an Ace* of the sex age and 
circumstances of every person to whom the provision shall be deliver'd, 
with the quantity thereof to each person, and that he set down the 
number of days in the respective monthly Ace*. 3 in proper Columns. 

(4.) That 30 firkins of butter & 20 hundred weight of cheese be 
sent with the flowr, & under the same directions. 

(5.) That out of the 500 £ sola bills carry 'd over by Gen! Ogle- 
thorpe 20 £ be paid to M 1 . Stephens for the sickness of his family, and 
30 £ more given him for his losses by servants sickness. 

(6.) That MF Norris's sallary now due to him, be paid out of the 
above mention'd 500^ sola bills. 

(7.) That copies of all certified Ace*? demanded here & unpaid be 
sent over to My Stephens, Bailif Parker, and MT Tho. Jones, to exam- 
ine & return back to the Trustees, with their opinion if the be true, 
& still due and unpaid. 

3. Report of the Comittee of Correspondence of 26 ins* agreed to, 
and order'd 

(1.) That an attested copy of M? Hortons Ace* of Cattel & corn ad- 
vane'd by him to the Inhabitants of Frederica, and also that attested 
copies of Ace*? between the Trust and any other persons in Georgia (as 
well of their demands on the stores, as of the stores demands on them, 
whether by money, servants, or goods) w ! 1 have hitherto been per- 
fected in pursuance of Gen! Oglethorpes orders, as signified in his let- 
ter of 7. Oct. 1738, be sent over with all convenient speed. 

(2.) That Gen! Oglethorpe be desired to advance the Freeholders of 
Frederica, who petitioned for subsistance, in money to the value of 10 
p? of meat each head p week till Mich? 1739, & no longer : 

and that sola bills be sent to him for this purpose to be accounted 
for by him, by the first opportunity. 

(3.) That the 5 petitioners, new settlei's, be allow'd the same. 



84 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

(4.) That the reduction of 10 men upon pay at Fort S* Andrews; 
mention'd by Gen? Oglethorpe to be by him reduced be allow'd the 
one months pay, as he allow'd them, But that what he calls an Estab- 
lishment for that Fort ought not to be allow'd, being a military con- 
cern, wherewith the Trustees have nothing to do. 

(5.) That enquiry be made what services the 19 Trust servants at 
Fort S* Andrew are put to, and whether on the Fortifications there, 
and if so, that the same be disallow'd. 

(6.) That MF Ausperger, Surveyor at Frederica be wrote to, to ac- 
quaint the Trustees what lands he has laid out : and what is meant by 
a surveyor, deputy surveyor & labourers to attend them, as mention'd 
in Gen? Oglethorpes letter to the Trustees. 

4. Draft order'd on the Bank for 250.£, for the purchasse & freight 
of provisions this day order'd. 

5. Resolv'd that it be refer'd to a Conlittee of Correspondence to 
consider of proper persons to be Comissioners to examine and state the 
Publick debts of the Colony, & to enquire into the Evidence for 
proving the said debts : and that the said Comittee prepare the Com- 
mission & Instructions for the said Comissioners, and that any three of 
the Comon Council make a Comittee. 

That it be refer'd to the said Comittee to give instructions to the 
said Comissioners to examine & state Mf Causton's & Mr Bradley's 
Ace*? 

That the said Comittee prepare an Estimate for the future expence 
of the Colony from Midsummer next for one year to Midsummer 
1740. 

6. Resolv'd that it be refer'd to the said Comittee to consider in 
what manner the forfeited Lotts be re-granted. 

7. Order'd that the surveyors in Georgia do send to the Trustees by 
every opportunity Mapps of the lands which they survey, For whom, 
in what places, the number of acres, & the time when survey'd. 

The same day. 38. [Present,] Egmont, Hales Stev., Sloper Will., Towers The-., 

Vernon Ja., C. C. 

1. We met in Comittee this afternoon, according to the Common 
Council's appointment in the morning, & finish'd Instructions relating 
to the debts and stores, as also relating to the vacant Trust Lotts, But 
had not time to make an Estimate of the years Expences of the Col- 
ony ending Mich? 1740. 

2. It was no small concern to us to find by a gross computation of 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 85 

the debts contracted in Georgia, as sent us by Col. Oglethorpe, to- 
gether with the necessary expences of the Colony till Midsum? 1739 
that the whole would amount to near 12000 <£. 

28 March 1739. M? Vernon went this day to the A. B. of Canter- 
bury to desire he would procui*e the Trustees from the Incorporate So- 
ciety for propagating the Christian Faith 50<£ sallary for our Minister 
at Frederica Mf Norris, and to let his Grace know that the Society 
should have Ace* 3 from the Trustees of his behaviour, and success of his 
mission. His Grace gave him encouragement to hope for success, tho' 
the society were indebted no less than 600£ to Col. Cothringtons leg- 
acy. 

30 March 1739. M v . Verelts told me this day, that MT Simonds 
the Merch! assured him for a certain truth, that the French now inter- 
pose that Georgia may be given up to the Spaniards. 

2 April. 39. [Present,] L? Beauclerc, Egmont, Heathcote S* Will., Smith Sam!, 
Tracy Rob', Vernon Ja., P., C. C, 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to receive the Report of the Comit- 
tee appointed 28 of March last to settle the Comission & Instructions 
for examining & stating the Debts in Georgia, & on the approbation 
thereof to order the seal to be affixt : the letters going away this day. 
But we were not a board. 

1. We approved of letters to M? Stephens, Gen! Oglethorpe, Ml' 
Cross Consul at the Terceras, My Boltzius, & M? Norris. 

2. We alsosign'd a Comission to Mv Stephens, M? Hen. Parker I s * 
Bailif of Savannah, and M? Tho. Jones to examine and state the de- 
mands on the stores, the certified Ace*? sent over by Mf Causton and 
remanded back, and the general Debts of the Colony. 

3. We also resolv'd that MT Stephens, and the 1. & 2? Bailifs of 
Savannah should find an Ovei-seer of the Trust servants at Savannah 
in room of William Bradley discharged, and a like Overseer at Fred- 
erica for the Trust Servants there, the said Overseers not to be Free- 
holders : That the service of these 2 Overseers should be considerd 
them, until our estimate for the year beginning Mich? 1739 takes 
place. 

4. We order'd M? Stephens to send us a List of the Trust servants, 
with his opinion what their living & cloathing may stand them in, 



■ y - 



86 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

the Trust paying them weekly in money, so soon as the stores are shut 

5. We acquainted him with the intended Act now preparing in fa- 
vour of female Inheritance, & with our giving him the 2 sums of 20 £ 
& B0£ for the sickness of his family, and loss by servants, and that we 
would further consider him in the Estimate we are now settling. 

10 April 1740. Col. Oglethorpe wrote to the Trustees that a pretty 
Town house is built at Augusta, and a number of white families settled. 
But a Magistrate & Constable are wanting. 

11. April. 40. [Present,] Archer Hen., L d . Beauclerc, Hales Stev., Heathcote S' 
Will., Lapotre Hen., Sloper Will., Smith Sam!, L? Tirconel, Tracy Rob!, Vernon 
Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumond to go into a Comittee to consider of 
an Estimate made by me of the Expences in Georgia from Midsumer 
1739 to Midsumer 1740, and to consider in what manner the same 
should be defrayed : and also to hear a letter from My Causton rec? 
last thursday relating to his conduct in Georgia ; 

I was in hopes they would have considerd the Estimate I sent 
them, together with certain heads of moment to be debated, but I be- 
ing detaind by the gout at home, they did no business, but agreed to 
meet at my house on fryday Evening. 

13 April. 40. [Present,] Archer Hen., Digby Edw?, Egmont, Lapotre Hen., 
Sloper Will., Smith Sam!, Towers Tho., Tracy Rob!, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comittee met at my * house to consider the Estimate for Ex- 
pences in Georgia from Midsunier 1739 to Mids? 1740, 
1. Some progress was made therein. 

16 April. 41. [Present,] Archer Hen., L? Beauclerc, Digby Edw?, Egmont, Lapotre 
Hen., Towers Tho., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

1. The above Comittee sat again, & made some further progress in 
settling the Estimate. 

2. The same day arrived a packet of letters from M? Stephens, with 
his journal from 3. Jan? to 6 feb. 1738-9 together with a list of the 
Freeholders of Savannah of whose lotts in the town 109 remaind at 
that time inhabited, & 120 were vacant : the Owners of the latter being 

* Earl of Egmont. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 87 

some dead, some Minors in England, some marry 'd to others who have 
lotts in the town & have quitted their own, and many who deserted the 
Colony & were return'd to England or settled in South Carolina. 
Most of the last idle fellows, but some necessitous. 

3. MF Stevens gives a very bad Ace* of the situation of the Colony? 
nothing left in the stores. 

4. That Gen! Oglethorpe seem'd to have no concern for that north- 
ern district of the Colony, being provoked by the obstinacy of the peo- 
ple to have Negro Slaves, & change the constitution of their Grants in 
favour of their female Issue. 

5. That MT Tho. Jones assured him he should find that M? Caus- 
ton late Bailif had return'd false certificates or fraudulent certified 
Ace*. 3 

21. April 1739. 1. W. Verelts acquainted me that the D. of New- 
castle had sent for him to let him know that he had read his book of 
collections of proofs of his Majesties Right to Georgia, and to the rest 
of Florida claim'd to belong to Great Britain as part of Carolina, and 
also the Appendix ; and that he would acquaint ST Robert Walpole it 
was his labour. 

2. MT Verelts added, that Mf Stone the Dukes Sec? had given him 
a copy of the Instructions that go to morrow to M? Keen at Madrid, 
relating to these our pretentions & possessions, wherein he is order'd 
to insist that the River S! Juan (formerly S! Matheo) be allow'd the 
Boundary between the Spaniards and English, and that all the land 
on the north side of that River to S! Simons Fort & Island, and the 
Continent in the latitude of 30 degrees or thereabout be left open, un- 
built and uninhabited by Spaniards or English : and that if the Span- 
iards have a look out guard on the North of S! Juans River, it shall be 
withdrawn. 

3. He also told me that he shew'd Admiral Cavendish our Map of 
the Coast of the Province of Georgia made by Cap! Yoakly, & told 
him if he wanted further information he might send to Cap! Gascoign 
who had been there and was now in London : To which the Admiral 
reply' d Cap! Gascoign knew nothing, he had indeed rec? 500£ to 
gratify a friend under pretence of surveying the Coast, but had not 
gone lower than the Savannah River. He then ask'd what largeness 
of ships Jekyl Harbour admitted, to which MT Verelts reply'd ships of 
40 guns : the Admiral reply'd he would not depend on him. Then 
MT Verelts told him Cap! Thompson who had often been at Georgia 



88 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

was expected in about 10 days, & he would satisfy him as to that par- 
ticular. 

4. After this Mf Verelts shew'd me the Copy of the Representation 
from Savannah sign'd 9 Dec b . r 1738 by 121 Freeholders of Savannah 
and the Northern division of the Province, amongst whom were our 
Magistrates, Recorder, & other Officers, M? Stephens our Secret? ex- 
cepted. 

(1.) Therein they reproach the Trustees with slighting former ap- 
plications and returning no answers. 

(2.) They say they went over in pursuance of the description & rep- 
resentation made of the Colony by the Trustees : but after sev; years 
experience find it impossible for the Colony to succeed under the meas- 
ures and regulations laid down by us. 

(3.) That the most industrious have not been able to raise subsis- 
tence even of bread kind only, sufficient to maintain their famely's : 
that many therefore have given over planting, being involved in debt 
by pursuing their attempt that way & making Improvments, and 
others who yet continue, will leave off, there being no possibility to 
reimburse themselves, according to the present Constitution. 

(4.) That therefore the Inhabitants must depend on trade, but the 
Constitution prevents that. That timber being the only thing they have 
to export, they cannot manufacture it but at double expence of other 
Colonies, because they use Negroes, that this is the case 20 miles North- 
ward on the River May, where ships load at half the expence, the la- 
bour of Negroes being cheap. 

(5.) That they doubt not but in time silk & wine may be produced 
in the Colony, especially the former : but since the cultivation of land 
cannot raise provision for their family's with white servants only tis 
impossible to carry on those Manufactures, according to the present 
Constitution. 

(6.) That Carolina can raise every thing that Georgia can, & hav- 
ing labour cheaper will always ruin the market : and as in both Prov- 
inces the land is worn out in 4 or 5 years, & then fit for nothing but 
pasture they must be always at a great' expence in clearing new land 
for planting. 

(7.) That the importation of the necessaries of life come to them at 
the most extravagant rates, the Merchants in general and especially of 
England, not being willing to supply the settlers with goods upon com- 
mission, because no person can make them any security of their lands 
or Improvments, as is very often practiced in other places to promote 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 89 

trade, when some of the Employers money is laid out in necessary 
buildings and Improvments fitting for the trade intended, without 
which it cannot be carry'd on. The benefit of importation is therefore 
all to transient persons, who lay no money out among them, but on the 
contrary carry every penny out of the place : & the chief reason for 
enhancing the price, is because they cant get any goods there, either on 
freight or purchasse for another Market. That if the advantages ac- 
cruing from Importation center'd in the Inhabitants, the profit thereof 
would naturally circulate among them, and be laid out in Improv- 
ments in the Colony. 

(8.) That Numbers have left the Colony, not able to support them- 
selves, and those who remain have laid out most of their money in Im- 
provments, & lost their Credit with their friends for doing it on such 
precarious Titles ; so that not above two or three persons (except peo- 
ple brought on charity & servants) have come for the space of 2 years 
past, either to settle land, or encourage trade : neither do they hear of 
any others that will come, until they are on better terms. 

(9.) That his Majesty has sent a Regiment for their defence, but 
it contributes nothing to their support, for the pay they expend is 
laid out with transient people & Carolinians, who are capable to pro- 
vide them with provisions at a moderate price, which the Inhabitants 
are not capable to do, as has been before observed. 

(10.) That this being their present condition, the consequence is ob- 
vious : They out of a sincere regard to the Trustees & to themselves, 
lay before us for our imediate consideration the 2 following causes of 
their deplorable state, which if removed, they are certain will be an in- 
fallible remedy. 

1.) The want of a Free Title, or Fee Simple to their lands : w c ? if 
granted, would both occasion great numbers of new settlers to come 
among them, and likewise encourage those who remain chearfully to 
proceed in making further Improvments, to retrieve their sunk for- 
tunes, so as to make provision for their Posterity. 

2.) The want of the use of Negroes with proper limitations, which 
if granted, would both induce a great number of white people to come, 
and render them capable to subsist them selves by raising provision on 
their lands until they could make some produce fit for export, and in 
some measure ballance their Importation ; that they are sensible of 
the mischiefs daily arrising from an unlimmited number of Negroes, 
but these may be prevented by a due limitation : Such as so many to 

12 



90 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

each white Man, or so many to such a quantity of land, or any other 
manner the Trustees shall think proper. 

That by granting these 2 things, and such other priviledges as his 
Maj y . s Subjects in America enjoy, The Trustees will not only prevent 
their impendent ruin, but will soon make this the most flourishing 
Colony in America : But by denying them, They and their famely's 
are not only ruin'd together with their Posterity, But the Trustees will 
be always mention'd as the cause & Author of all their misfortunes 
& calameties. 

29 April 1739. This Evening L* Col. Cochran & Cap* Thompson 
late arrived from Georgia came to see me. 

1. The Col. is come to make complaint ag s . fc Cap* Hugh Mackay, 
who he pretends has ruin'd Gen? Oglethorpes Regiment by his behav- 
iour among the soldiers. He added 

2. That Gen? Oglethorpe is infatuated to Cap* Mackay, who he be- 
leives will be the destruction of the Colony : and that the soldier who 
we were told shot at M? Oglethorpe, declared as he was dying, that his 
intention was not to kill Mf Oglethorpe, but Cap* Mackay. 

3. That the Colony is at present in a distracted condition, the peo- 
ple having neglected cultivation which was to maintain them hereafter, 
& now having no means to subsist, the stores being shut. 

4. That there are very few Industrious persons in the Savanah di- 
vision of the Province. 

5. That there are many among them mutinous for Negroes & for a 
change of their tenures into Fee Simple, that they may sell or morgage 
their lands or sell them for Negroes. That Mf Rob* Williams had in- 
deed been the best Improver, & was urgent for Negroes because he 
trafficks in them : But as the Spaniards have declared freedom to all 
Negroes who shall escape to them, and as Georgia is so near to S* Au- 
gustine, it would undo the Colony to suffer Negroes in it, & would 
enslave it to the Merchants who should furnish the people with Ne- 
groes. 

6. That he beleived Mr Causton would not be found so bad as we 
think him, and Mr Jones the storekeeper succeeding him is so hot and 
rude to him, that it prevents the others making up his Ace*? with him. 

7. That Mr Hen. Parker 1. Bailif is a tolerable Magistrate : but it 
was a surprise and jest our appointing Gilbert the Taylor to be a 
Magistrate. That there is not a Man in the Colony fit to make 34 
Bailif. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 91 

8. That MT Stephens is an incomparable wise and good Man, & his 
son sensible and sober. 

9. That he had a complaint to make against M. 1 . Christie the Re- 
corder for which he deserve to be reprimanded, but not turn'd out. 

10. That it was a misfortune we ever admitted such as call them- 
selves Gentlemen, or any who carry'd servants : for they are gener- 
ally the idlest, giving an ill example to others, spending their money 
in Ale houses &c. 

11. That the I s * Bailif told him the Trustees have about 7 or 800 
Cattle : and tho they are in the Woods and Swamps, they may easily 
be found & brought up. 

12. That the light house is going to decay, & will fall, if not cover'd 
this Summer : & that it is of great use, no less than 7 ships being saved 
from being cast away, by knowing where they were. NB. Cap* 
Thompson confirmed this. 

13. That the business of silk & wine will succeed, and M? Camuch 
y? silk man deserves encouragm* 

14. That the garden is not much taken care of by My Hugh Ander- 
son, he being mostly on his lot. 

15. That the charge of a white servant hired for a year is 1.5.0 
sterl. p month or IOjE currency, besides provision, which amounting 
to 7 or 8£ sterl. more, the whole may be computed at 22 £ sterl. p 
ann. 

16. That a pilot boat of 3 men & the pilot for Frederica, and the 
like at Tybee, and a coasting boat between Savannah and Frederica 
are all the boats necessary. And that 40 £ sterl. allow'd to a Pilot, 
together with a boat given him would be all the expence necessary for 
a pilot boat : for out of the perquisites he would be able to hire 3 men 
and keep the boat always in repair : and he doubted not but the Pilots 
would agree to such a bargain. 

17. That Mf Stephens indeed thought it cheapest to keep a fourth 
boat to pass between Savannah & Charlestown, than on occasions to 
hire one : but he beleived it would come to much the same, besides 
that there are frequent occasions of passing between those places, by 
pettiaguas that come on private Ace* 

18. That the Trustees were vastly in the right to have no more 
publick stores : and it was the opinion of Mr Jones himself, that all 
expences should be paid in money, whereby we should not be cheated, 
but the people better pleased ; and when this was known, there would 
be private stores enough to supply them. 



92 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

19. That the Allowance made to the Magistrates & others of Trust 
servants, is not so usefull to them as to encrease their sallarys. 

20. That Trust servants cannot be kept under eighteen pence a day. 

21. That Gen! Oglethorpe was at Charlestown settling the dispute 
about the Indian trade : but that that Province is stark mad that he 
has obtain'd the 1000<£ p ann. formerly paid to their Governours : & 
they declare the new intended GovF MT Glen shall not have a farthing 
from them. 

22. That as to the Southern Division, That the Fort of Frederica is 
good enough against Indians, & Fort S* Andrews a little better. 

23. That the Inhabitants of Frederica seem at a stand in their Im- 
provments. 

24. That 'tis in vain to expect corn to grow on the Islands. It 
must be sown on the main land, and the Islands reserv'd for Cattle. 

25. That a ship of 40, nay of 50 guns may go into Jekyl Sound at 
i low water, there being at low water 15 foot. Cap* Thompson said he 

found but 12 going over the Bar, which the other reply 'd was by his 
not passing at the right part, & Thompson yeilded that it might be so- 

26. That the soldiers cultivate their 5 acre lotts w*? 1 application. 

27. That he rejoyced to hear Mr Whitfeild was returning to Geor- 
gia. 

28. That MF Norris is very much esteem'd there. 

29. That he hoped the Trustees intend to discharge all the debts, 
and particularly above 1000 £ incurr'd when he landed from Giberaltar 
at Savannah, and afterwards when he fell down with the part of the 
Regiment he conducted, being for the expences of boats provision, 
boards for huts &c, & of which he certified an Ace* formerly sent us. 

1. Cap* Thompson gave me a very indifferent Ace* of the Saw Mill 
w*? it was said indeed would do, but they wanted hands to bring to it 
heavy timbers &c, and it will require at least 6 men for that purpose if 
not 8, besides the Workers. 

2. He brought with him a Counter petition to that from Savannah : 
wherein the Inhabitants of Darien opposed the having of Negroes, & 
set forth their reasons. It was sign'd by 18 persons. 

3. A letter from Col. Oglethorpe to the Trustees dat. 16 Jan? 1738-9 
against admitting Negroes, or changing the Tenure of the peoples 
lands. See p. [42]. 

4. Two other letters from him to the Trustees dat. 17 Jan7 concern, 
ing other affairs of the Colony. See p. [44]. 

His Ace* of Presents to the Indians made in Oct. 1738 amounting to 
93.0.6 sterl. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 93 

5. Copy of a letter from W. Tho. Jones to MT Oglethorpe dat. 14 
JanF giving Ace', of his proceedings in settling M? Caustons Ace 1 . 3 See 
p. [41]. 

6. Cap* Hugh Mackays deposition made 14 JanF concerning the la- 
bour of white Men. See p. [44]. 

7. Cap! Demard's deposition to the same purpose, dat. 19 Jan? See 
p. [45]. 

8. L* Geo. Dunbars deposition to the same purpose dat. 20 Jan? 
See p. [45]. 

M? Verelts also shew'd me a letter from M? Whitfeild now return'd 
to London, dat. 21. April 1739, acquainting him that he proposes to 
embark for Georgia by the fii*st opportunity. That he had collected 
upwards of 500<£ for the Orphan house. That he desired a Grant of 
500 acres where he should chuse, with the priviledge of leaving it to 
whom he pleased for the use of the Orphan house, for since that house 
was to be built with the contributions he should collect, he thought it 
but just he should have the management and disposal of it. That he 
desired no sallary for himself or friends, wherefore if the Trustees 
should not think proper to grant these terms, he thought it best to de- 
cline erecting the Orphan house. 

2. May. 42. [Present,] L? Beauclerc, Egmont, Hales Stev., Ch., Heatheote S! 
Will., Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., Towers Tho., Tracy RoW, C. C, Coram Tho., T. 

A Comon Council was sumond to proceed upon the Estimate of 
the Expence in Georgia from Midsumer next, & to consider of what 
amount in sola bills shall be order'd for defraying the said Expence 
by quarterly payments, and how many of each different values in the 
said bills shall make up the said amount. 

1. M? Paris our Sollicitor attended to acquaint us that he had pur- 
suant to our direction prepared the new intended Act for alteration 
of Tenure of lands in Georgia : he at the same time proposed some 
explications concerning particular cases that may fall out concerning 
succession, which were debated & the following Resolution come to, 

2. Resolv'd that it be an instruction to the Comittee appointed to 
prepare a law relating to the Tenure of lands in Georgia, That in 
case of no Issue Male or Female, the Proprietor of any lot may be 
empower'd to appoint any other person (not professing the Errors of 
the church of Rome) as his successor. 

NB. Cap* Coram who had always been violently for female succes- 
sion, was much pleas'd with this Act. 



94 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [May, 

3. The Accomptant acquainted the Board that Gen! Oglethorpe 
had endorsed several Sola Bills in the wrong place, which were thereby 
spoilt. 

Resolv'd that the Accomp* do inspect them, & report to the Board 
the number & value of them. 

4. We proceeded on the Estimate for the years expences of the 
Colony from Midsumer next, and 

Resolv'd that the Presents for the Indians be purchassed in Eng- 
land : and that it be refer'd to a Comittee of Correspondence to con- 
sider the quantity & quality of what will be necessary to be sent 
over. 

5. Also that it be refer'd to the said Comittee to consider what shoes 
& working tools will be necessary for the use of the Colony. 

6. Resolv'd that 40 sacks of flower, of houshold, second, and mid- 
lings, be purchassed for the use of the Southern Division of the Prov- 
ince. 

7. Read an Ace* from Col. Oglethorpe of Presents made to the In- 
dians out of the parcels brought over by him to Georgia, of things 
bought of M*' Pury for Presents to the Indians, and of Cash paid on 
the Trustees Ace! amounting to 157.15.0 as by prices of some parts, & 
calculations of other parts : 

1. Order'd that 15 Tuns of strong beer in barrils be bought & 
sent by the ship Two Brothers, & the freight thereof to be paid as 
Col. Oglethorpe desires, and the amount thereof to be charged as a 
payment to him. 

2. Read a letter of Mr Whitfeild acquainting the Board that he 
had collected upward of 500,£ for the Orphan house in Georgia : and 
praying a Grant of 500 acres of land in Trust for the use of said Or- 
phan house, with the priviledge of naming who shall succeed him 
in it: 

Resolv'd that a Grant of 500 Acres be made out accordingly, sub- 
ject to a quitrent of B£ p ami. to commence 10 years from the date of 
the Grant. 

2 May 1739. This evening (several of the Comon Council having 
din'd together after the Board was over) Lieu* Col. Cochran came to 
us, and among other things, told us that he had been this morning 
with ST Rob* Walpole and acquainted him, 

1. That Jekyl Sound has at the lowest water 15 feet & £ water & 
that it rises 8 feet, so that ships of 50 or 60 Guns can go in : & that 
y? Harbour will hold a large fleet of ships. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 95 

2. That SF Robert said a complaint was come, that the Spaniards 
seduce the Negroes of our Plantations away, by promising them free- 
dom & protection : and he desired to know how long they had done 
so ? 

To which he reply'd the k. of Spain had given those orders to his 
Governours 3 years ago, but they had not been put in execution 'till 
lately : and that 40 Negroes had at different times refuged themselves 
thither. 

3. He farther told us, that 'twill be well for the Colony when the 
Scots & others that call themselves Gentlemen shall leave the Col- 
ony: for carrying over servants, they would not work themselves, 
nor employ their servants on their lands, but let them out to hire at 
1.5.0 sterl. p head p month, and lived idly in Savannah on the 
Incom : But they were now grown very poor, & must soon go away. 

4. That the 1. Bailif M? Hen. Parker, & M? Stephens our Sec? are 
the only two men of sense in the Colony : nor did he know where we 
could find another to make 3? Bailif, unless we sent him from hence. 

5. That when he came away, Rice was sold for 8 pence a bushell, 
shoes 4 / 6 a pair &c. 

6. That when he left Frederica, there was to the value of 2000<£ in 
private stores there, & MF Bennet was a considerable dealer. 

7. That M? Causton will not be found so very faulty as we imagine, 
But he was partial, giving to those he favour'd more than enough, 
which afterwards they sold for half value, for Rum. 

8. That had we not shut up the stores, no complaints would have 
come: the people having subsistence from thence, either as due to 
them, or on credit, which occasion'd some small circulation of money, 
which now is ceased, so that many were leaving the place, and he 
fear'd the Moravians, a very industrious people, and raisers of garden 
stuff to supply others, would go away : But he added, that what 
money they did get, was all sent out of the Colony to their Country- 
men in Pensilvanea. 

9. He came over to complain against Cap* Hugh Mackay, and read 
to us the Articles the Cap* had charged against him, which were re- 
fer'd to the Civil Magistrate of Frederica & another to take deposi- 
tions of, But the Cap* could prove none of them. He said he is to be 
try'd by a Court Martial here, and Mackay is also coming over to be 
try'd. 



96 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [May, 

9 May. 43. [Present,] Archer Hen., L? Beauclerc, Egmont, Heathcote Sr Will., 
Lapotre Hen., LaRoch J". , Smith Sam!, Ch., Towers Tho., C. C. 

A Coinon Council was summon'd to proceed further on the Esti- 
mate in Georgia from Midsummer next 

1. MF Whitfeild attending, we defer'd the consideration of the Es- 
timate. He said he must return the Comission we gave him to collect 
money, assuring us he was not able to collect a farthing by virtue of 
it, but rather that it every where met with contempt, which surprised 
us, and made us think he did not care to be accomptable to the Trus- 
tees, as he must have been, if he made collections by their authority ; 

2. We agreed to his terms, that he should have a grant of 500 acres 
in trust to be settled in perpetuity for the use of an Orphan house in 
Georgia, to be set out where he should appoint. 

3. He told us he had collected in England upwards of 700,£ for 
that purpose, besides annual subscriptions, and 

4. He declined the 50£ p ann Sallary formerly allow'd him as Min- 
ister, as also our subsisting his friends that he intended to take with 
him. 

5. divers papers were read lately arriv'd from Georgia as (1.) M? 
Stephens journal from 7 feb. to 10 march, wherein he acquainted us, 
that a conspiracy had been discover'd in S. Carolina, where the b[l]acks 
are 4 to one, to rise & cut their masters throats, and fly to the Span- 
iards. 

(2.) Two letters from him to the Trustees of 6 feb? & 12 march 

(3.) John Cuthberts deposition against Negroes dat. 14 feb? See 
fol. [62]. 

(4.) A letter from the Saltsburgers at Ebenezar, full of thankfull- 
ness to God for their happiness, and desiring more of their Countrymen 
may be sent to them. They also earnestly desired no Negroes might 
be allow'd among them & gave their reasons, and hoped there might 
not be a liberty allow'd for persons to sell their lotts. 

(5.) A letter from Gen! Oglethorpe to me dat. 20 March, exhort- 
ing the Trustees not to give way to allowing Negroes in the Colony, or 
liberty to sell land. 

13 May 1739. My Tho. Towers came to me to tell me that accounts 
were come from Carolina, that 7 Negroes there had kill'd 2 white 
men, and made their escape, and that the people of that Province had 
entertain'd more favourable thoughts of Col. Oglethorpe since the 
discovery of the Negroes design to rise. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 97 

2. Col. Cochran also visited me to make his complaints against 
Cap! Hugh Mackay, newly arrived from Georgia : he said his Tryall 
by the Council of War ag s * that Captains complaints will speedily 
come on, and he doubted not the Cap! would be broke, being not able 
to make out his allegations. 

3. He complain'd of Gen 1 . Oglethorpe, that he had not used him 
well, being besotted to Cap! Mackay, but nevertheless having obliga- 
tions to him, he would say no more than was necessary for his own 
vindication, & so the D. of Arguile advised him. 

4. That SF Robert Walpole had ask'd him several questions about 
Georgia, to which he answer'd cautiously : but assured him the Col- 
ony will succeed, tho there are a world of idle folks there. 

5. That the D. of Arguile advis'd him not to be too free in talking 
of Georgia, for SF Rob* Walpole would employ a great many spies to 
fish things out of him : to which he answer'd, he could only say that 
the report of the lands being bad is false, there being none better in 
America than round Savannah, tho there is also some bad, call'd Pine 
barren, on which nothing will grow. That the Country is perfectly 
healthy, whilst at Charlestown they died 12 of a day. 

6. He said it was an Error in the people to desire Negroes, but that 
the Tenure in Tail male only, discouraged the people from cultivat- 
ing : If that be alter'd he beleived they would be industrious. 

7. He prest much the Trustees paying the 1000c£ he had spent in 
providing for the part of the Regiment which he conducted from Gib- 
eraltar, being 3 of the 6 companies: adding, that if it was not provided 
for by the Goverment, or we paid it not, he should be undone, for 
he & MT Causton stood engaged for it. That the expence made was 
absolutely necessary, others the soldiers must all have perished. Thab 
Tents would have rotted in 2 months, wherefore he supply 'd himself 
with boards for hutts, nails &c and with provisions, & other requisites 
from our stores, which with the hire of pettiaguas to transport the 
men from Savannah to the Camp, amounted to the 1000,£ as he had 
certifed, and sent us over. 

I told him some of our Trustees doubted whether we were at liberty 
to pay that Ace! being for the use of the Regiment, since the Par- 
liam! took the military concerns of the Province off our hands. 

He reply'd that he understood from ST Cha. Wills and other Mem- 
bers of Parliament that 20000,£ was granted us this session, to defray 
all the debts of the Colony, of which this was properly one, the Regi- 
ment not being entirely at that time arrived, and if we paid it not, he 

13 



98 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [May, 

must apply to the King, which would perhapps not turn to the honour 
of the Trustees, and might set a body of people against us. 

I reply'd I would fairly lay his pretentions before the Board, but as 
to who should like or dislike us, I had no concern. 

16 May. 44. [Present,] Egmont, Hales Stev., Heathcote Sf Will., Lapotre Hen., 
P., LaRoch J?, Smith Sam., Tracy Rob?, C. C. 

A Comon Council was summond to read the letters lately arrived & 
consider them, and to proceed upon the Estimate of the Expence in 
Georgia for the year ensuing : but we were not a board. 

1. M? Lapotre presented for the use of the Colony a bottle of sali- 
trum, seed which grows in France, & is esteem'd a sovereign remedy 
for the bloody Flux. 

2. MT Whitfeild attended, and we seal'd his Comission to perform 
Ecclesiastical Offices as Minister of Savahah, our Secretary counter- 
signing it. 

3. I had some conversation with Cap* Hugh Mackay being early at 
the board. He arrived the 9. ins! from Frederica, to complain to 
the king against L* Col. Cochran, who came before him to complain 
against him. Next week they are both to be try'd by a Court Mar- 
shal, and till then are both put under arrest on parole of honour not 
to require satisfaction of each other at the point of their swords. 

4. He told the soldiers labour heartily on the acre lotts survey'd to 
them. 

5. That a scout boat in the Southern division of the Province is 
indeed a military service, but of absolute necessity for a look out 
against the Spaniards. 

6. That the climate of Frederica is wonderfull healthy, and white 
men may work all sumer notwithstanding the heat, but that the last 
allarm of the Spaniards had disorder'd the people from their work, 
and the bad season last year dissappointed their expectation of a good 
crop, so that they still must be supported by the Trustees with pro- 
vision. 

7. That all their grumbling at Frederica & the Darien was against 
Tenure in Tail male only whereby females were debar'd from inher- 
iting : but they were not for having Negroes, for assuredly if they 
had, they would not be able to hinder their running to the Spaniards. 

8. That silk will possitivly succeed in Georgia, and some think 
wine also, tho others doubt it. 

9. The Widow Germain of Frederica came also with her two chil- 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 99 

dren, one at the breast. She said she came over with Cap! Thomp- 
son in expectation of a rich legacy from M? Turner, but was much 
dissappointed, wherefore she resolv'd to go back if we would pay her 
passage. 

6. She said the Country is healthy, in so much that she is the only 
widow of 60 families in Frederica. 

7. That she has her house & small garden the 8*. 11 p? of an acre 
enclosed and cultivated, out of which she sold last year to the value of 
40 shillings in greens. 

8. That the people were once so reduced as to feed upon Aligators. 

9. Yet at other times she had known a fish call'd a Bass, of 12 p? 
weight sell for 4 pence, & eggs at 4 pence a dozen, a chicken at mar- 
ket for a shilling &c. 

10. That the cornon bread of the place is Indian wheat, but she 
likes it not so well as bread of our own. 

11. That the Tenure of their lands is a great discouragement to 
labour. 

12. That she planted a mulberry in her little garden that shot won- 
derfully, but no body yet follow'd that business. 

13. That cattle & hoggs thrive there, but they run wild into the 
woods and are frequently lost : for after penning them up at night, 
when let out to feed, they run to woods & swamps at a great distance, 
which occasions much time & labour to find them again. 

14. That the people with a little assistance will be able to keep 
themselves. 

15. That a new store house was building in Frederica, and the 
Germans were employ 'd in it, the English not being allow'd that fa- 
vour. 

16. That it was a sad thing to be so long without a Church or 
Preacher, except the Regiments Chaplain, M? Dyson who is a very 
drunken man. 

17. That the timber fell'd on the land, the grain raised, and other 
produce of the peoples labour, are carry'd to the Publick Store, and 
the people have credit thereon for the same : for otherwise, there is 
no shipping or trade comes to the town, and they should not know 
what to do with their goods ; That the timber thus fell'd, and made 
into scantlings planks & clapboard, was employ'd (that excepted used 
by themselves in building their butts and fencing) by MF Oglethorpes 
comand in Publick works. 

18. Upon which I reflected, that if the Trustees are to be debtors 



100 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [May, 

after this manner for the produce of the peoples labour, & are to keep 
them besides, without making any profit for the goods for which 
MT Oglethorpe makes them debtor, it is impossible for us to proceed : 
for at this rate there will be a constant annual expence for the future, 
as great as at the first ; whereas it was hoped, that in the 3 or 4 years 
that Frederica has been settled, they would cease to be of any further 
charge to the Publick. 

19. In the Evening M. 1 . Tracy, M 1 . Lapotre, D 1 . Hales & I, who dined 
together, with M? Hen. Archer & Mr Tho. Towers who came after- 
wards to us, made some progress in settling our Estimate. 

23. May. 45. [Present,] Archer Hen., IV? Beauclerc, Egmont, Hales Stev., Heath- 
cote S*. Will., P., Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., Towers Tho., C. C. 

A Cofuon Council was sumond to finish the Estimate : and appoint 
a Coinittee of Correspondence to draw up instructions for answering 
the several letters received from Georgia, that they might be reported 
before the ship two Brothers should sail. But we only did Trustee 
business. 

1. We proceeded on our Estimate for the years service of the Col- 
ony, to begin next Michlemass, till when Col. Oglethorpe is to pay 
for what shall be necessary & to draw on us for the same. 

2. We read divers letters lately arrived from Georgia, & took notes 
thereout, for heads of answers to be return'd by Cap* Thompson, who 
saild thither 11 July. 

3. M? Whitfeild return'd the Comission granted him on the 27. 
Dec b . r 1738 to collect money for the uses of the Colony, and with it 
gave us the following writing dat. 17 May 1739. The above Commis- 
sion not being for the purposes for which I had apply'd to the Trus- 
tees, I never made use thereof, and therefore beg leave to return the 
same, and am &c. 

26 May 1739. Andrew Grant, and Will. Stirling, Landholders in 
Georgia wrote to the Trustees a state of hardships they had sufferd 
& losses sustain'd : that they arived the beginning of June 1734, and 
were obliged to settle 30 miles up the Ogechy River distant 70 miles 
from Savannah town, which was then 50 miles Southward of any set- 
tlement in the Province. That they took up 500 acres, & put ser- 
vants on it till they could have the rest of their land in a more agre- 
able situation. That they made great progress in cultivating, but had 
entirely left off, finding the impossibility of doing with white servants 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 101 

only, whose labour did not find them even bread for themselves, much 
less cloathes and necessaries. That by an Ace* stated (and now sent 
the Trustees sign'd by them) they had been losers by that plantation 
— 906. 2. 9| for their servants only, besides their personal expence, 
which if added would increase the ballance considerably : for which 
they desired relief. 

30 May 1739. M? Whitfield acquainted the board that he was to 
take ship on monday next, and sails first for Philadelphia, from 
whence he proposes to ride to Georgia, unless he should go for a week 
to Virginia where he has some friends. That he had purchassed some 
iron work, and embark'd it, and had wrote to Georgia for timber to 
be cut for his building the Orphan house. That he proposed not to 
return to England till long after the same is built, and when he did, 
would take care his absence should be supply'd to do the dutys of his 
Parish. That he had collected about 900<£ for the Orphan house, 
and about 100<£ for erecting a Church at Ebenezar. That he had 
been much wrong'd by Reports that he discouraged labour, which he 
was so far from, that he really deem'd no man to be a Christian, who 
did not labour. 

30. May. 46. [Present,] Archer Hen., Beauclerc L? Sidney, P., Egmont, Heath- 
cote S' Will., Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., L? Tirconnel, C, Towers Tho., Tracy 
RoW, C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to seal a Grant of 500 acres for the 
Orphan house & Orphans in Georgia, and to receive a Report from 
the Comittees which settled the Estimate for the ensuing years. 

1. M? Whitfeild attending, we diliver'd him his Comission to be our 
Parish Minister at Savanah. 

2. Resolv'd that RoW Hows have leave to alienate his 50 acre lot in 
Savanna to the Rev? M T - Whitfeild in trust for the Orphan house, 

3. Resolv'd that a Grant of 450 acres be made to M? Whitfeild, in 
trust for the Orphan house, subject to a Quit Rent of 2>£ p ann. 

4. Order'd that M? William Stephens be wrote to, to see that M T . 
Whitfeild be put in possession of Rob* Hows Lot, and to expedite the 
laying out the remaining 450 acres to M T - Whitfeild. 

5. Order'd that the Ministers house in Savannah be repaired. 

6. Resolv'd that 10£ be laid out in building a jury Room adjoyning 
to the Church of Savannah, to be made use of also as a Vestry room. 

7. Order'd b£ to Ri. Adder ton our Messenger, to buy him cloathes. 



102 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [May, 

8. The Comittee made their Report of the Estimate of Expences 
for Georgia for one year comencing at Miehlemass 1739, w c . h was ap- 
proved of, and agreed to, the whole charges in Georgia & England 
amounting to about 5000<£ : but afterw^ 3 some small additions were 
made thereto. 

9. Resolv'd that a Copy of such part of the said Estimate as relates 
to expences in Georgia, be sent to Will. Stephens Esq, that the people 
may regulate themselves accordingly. 

10. Resolv'd that Robert Gilbert 2? Bailif of Savannah be removed 
from that Office, (which was at his own desire). 

11. Resolv'd that John Fallowfeild (who was represented by M"i 
Stephens to be an honest industrious Man : and by Capt. Thompson 
to be a sensible & resolute Man) be appointed 2? Bailif of Savannah 
in Rob* Gilberts room. 

31. May. 47. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Holland Rogers, Lapotre Hen., 
Towers Tho., Tracy RoW, C. C. 

A Comon Council sumon'd to perfect divers matters agreed on yes- 
terday, but we made not a board, but a Comittee only. 

1. Rob* Hows lately return'd from Savannah attended, and resign'd 
his 50 Acre lot in Savannah. 

2. June. 48. [Present,] Holland Rogers, P., Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., IV? Tircon- 

nel, C. C. 

1. Rec^ of M? Burton the 6*. h annual payment of 10£ for the Cath- 
echist at Savannah. 

2. Rec? 400 church Catechisms explain'd. the Gift of Lady Salis- 
bury. 

3. Seal'd the grant of 500 acres in trust to M? Whitfeild for the 
Orphan house. 

6. June. 49. [Present,] Archer Hen., Beauclerc L? Sidney, Egmont, Heathcote 
S: Will., Holland Rog r . a , Lapotre Hen., Ch., Smith Sam!, Towers Tho., Tracy Rob?, 
C. C, Anderson Adam, Gough S! Hen., T. T. 

1. A letter was read, wrote the 4*. h ins* by M T - Whitfeild, to M? Verelts 
our Accomp* "acquainting him that he had collected for erecting the 
Orphan house in Savannah 996£ for building a church at Ebenezar 
76 <£, and for the poor in general 148£. 

The reason why he wrote this letter, was that M. r - Paxton Crown 
Sollicitor made complaint that M? Whitfeild had gone about collecting 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 103 

money from the King's subjects, without Authority that he knew of, 
wherefore it was the duty of his Office to issue a ne exeat Regnum, 
unless he had satisfaction in that point by knowing to what use that 
money was collected, by what authority, and the sum collected. Upon 
this a Conlittee consisting of L? Tirconnel, judge Holland & M* Lapotre 
was appointed to tell M 1 . Paxton, that the money collected, was to 
build an Orphan house in Georgia, that Covenants had past between 
M 1 . Whitfeild and the Trustees for that purpose, and a grant of land 
made to him. But the Comittee advised M T - Whitfeild to inform the 
Trustees how much he had collected, & this occasioned the letter 
above mention'd. 

2. Two letters from Col. Oglethorpe dat. 7 April 1739 were read, 
informing the Trustees, that he had taken care of the Province in all 
its branches of expence from his arrival there in Nov^ r last to the date 
of his letters, and had disburs'd about 3000<£ of his own money, of 
which he would send over the particulars as soon as they could be 
drawn out, that what the Trustees should allow thereof might be re- 
pay'd him. He also mention'd a bill drawn by M? Bradley, (who 
lately had the care of the Trust servants, but was turn'd out for mis- 
behaviour,) amounting to 30£, which bill the Trustees had refused to 
pay, but M r . Oglethorpe in these letters says it is a just debt, being 
for money employ'd in the Trust's Service. But our Accomp*. in- 
form'd us Col. Oglethorpe is mistaken in thinking it a just debt, For 
M 1 . Bi'adley drew for that sum on his private Ace*, expecting it would 
be repaid to Mr Verelts out of money to be received by Bradley for 
peat ashes, but which M r Verelts never received Therefore the bill 
had been return'd, and the Trustees have nothing to do with it. 

3. An Answer was orderd to these letters to be sent next fryday 
thanking Col. Oglethorpe for advancing his own money for the Colo- 
nies Service, & running that risk, before he could know the Parliam fc . 
would give us money, acquainting him also with our having prepared 
an Estimate for the ensuing year comencing Mich! 1739. 

4. Resolv'd that M? J? West have leave to return to England on 
ace* of his bad state of health, and that he be permitted to sell his lot 
to such person as M' Will. Stephens shall see proper, in order to dis- 
charge his debts. 

5. Resolv'd that Tho. Christie now Recorder of Savannah be made 
3?Bailif of said town. 

6. Resolv'd that William Williamson be appointed Recorder of Sa- 
vannah in M? Tho. Christies room. 



104 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

NB. this young Man is bastard son to M? Taylor of Bride well. He 
was wild when in England, but is since marry'd to M 1 - Tho. Causton's 
niece, and tis hoped is reclaymed. Being bred an Atturney, this Of- 
fice was confer'd on him, which he much desired : but he was after- 
wards judged unfit. 

NB. also M T . Christie had more than once desired to be dismist his 
Office of Recorder. 

7. Resolv'd that M' Tho. Jones, (present manager of the stores re- 
maining at Savannah after the store house was shut up) be appointed 
Overseer of the Trust servants. 

NB. this gentleman had been high constable of S*. Gyle's Division 
in London, and is esteem'd an honest Man tho rough & passionate. 
He had 30 <£ p ann. as storekeeper, which Office expiring totally at 
Michlemass next, we made him 3? Bailif, which is of like Sallary. 

6. June 1739. Rob* Howes late Clerk of Savannah church came to 
me this morning, to desire, that as he goes with M r . Whitfeild to Pen- 
silvanea, Virginia & Georgia, (tho not to stay there, he having sur- 
render'd his Lot, he might not be troubled at his arrival on the score 
of any debt he might be found to owe to the Trustees store, with 
which he cleared Ace*. 3 a year ago. That he knows of nothing he 
owes, but Mt Causton kept the Ace* of the stores so ill, that possibly 
the Comissioners may find some debt due, but it cannot be much, and 
what is he thinks may be forgiven him on the score of his having acted 
as Parish Clerk several years without pay, and had been often call'd 
from his private work to bury the dead &c. I promis'd to mention it 
to the Trustees, and thought his request reasonable. 

Enquiring of him many things, relating to Georgia, he told me as 
follows : 

1. That he had long refused to sign the Representation for Negroes, 
because he fear'd they would take the Work out of white Mens hands, 
and so impoverish them, as is the case in Charlestown, where the 
tradesmen are all beggers by that means, & besides he apprehended 
danger from the Negroes rising, & cutting their throats ; but the pro- 
moters of that application said, the Negroes should not be allow'd to 
work at any thing but producing Rice, (a labour too hard for white 
men) and in felling timber. 

2. That the Promoters of the application for Negroes, were the 
Scotch Gentry, & M? Williams, who being a Merchant had a private 
Interest of his own in it. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 105 

3. That it was very unfortunate for Savannah that the Scotch left 
their Country Lotts to live in the town, where they set an example of 
extravagance, & brought in their servants to work, which lessen'd the 
employment of the natural townsmen. That they prevailed on others 
to sign, by assuring them there should not be above 2 or 3 Negroes to 
one white man. 

4. That the Rum Act is not at all regarded, and if any man has 
but a shilling he lays it out that way, not buying shoes or stockings. 
That from high to low, the Magistrates drink it, and are unwilling to 
enquire what others do in it. That this makes so many idle persons 
there, even the servants not caring to work above 3 hours, and then 
running to publick houses, & spending the rest of the day there. 

5. That M T - Tho. Christie is an easie sort of Man. 

6. That M T - Fallowfeild is esteem'd a quaker, but not a rigid one : 
& is honest. 

7. That most of the Inhabitants were pleased that M. r - Causton was 
turn'd out. 

8. That our shutting up the stores, fell hard on all the idle people, 
but as yet he knew not of above 7 or 8 who had left the Colony upon 
it. 

9. That the Free Mason Company having spent all their money is 
now broke up, and whilst they subsisted, they met every Satturday at 
the Tavern, & revell'd there 'till 2 a clock next morning, when they 
would reel home. 

10. That in the hottest day of Sumer white Men may work till 10 
a clock in the forenoon, and he himself did so work at sawing for 3 
years : nor had he left the Colony but for his indiscretion in working 
one day in the full heat without any covering on his head, which 
struck him with a pain he never since could get clear of. That such 
indiscretions there are comon, but if prudently avoided, there would 
be no occasion to complain of the countries being too hot for the la- 
bour of white Men. 

11. That the Pine barren land, will not answer mens labour to keep 
them : and there is another soil call'd the Grey, on which nothing will 
ever grow : nevertheless, there is good land enough if people would 
cultivate it. 

12. That a truly laborious Man may subsist himself by his own cul- 
tivation. 

13. That tis generally beleived there silk and wine will come to 
perfection, and the silk folks are industrious : but they complain they 
cannot find leaves enough to subsist their worms, but are forced to 

14 



106 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE 



[June, 



send to PortRoyal for leaves which makes that article dear, yet that 
there is encouragement for the Inhabitants to plant Mulberry trees, & 
Potter told him he made 5£ one year by those he planted, having sold 
the leaves of one tree with another to the publick store for 3 shillings. 

14. That the Cotton tree will also thrive ; and tho a slow grower, 
some of the trees he planted, bore pods in 3 or 4 years time. 

15. That it was a great mistake in the Inhabitants when they went 
over, that they did not imediatly fall to cultivating, in which case 
the Colony had now been in a flourishing way : But instead of that, 
they built large houses, & spent all their substance that way. 

16. That it is wise in the Trustees not to allow the people to sell 
their lands, for in that case most of them would do it, & one rich man 
would buy half the Country, for 500<£ would buy the whole Town of 
Savannah. 



The Common Councils held this year were 14. The Trustee Boards 31, and the Com- 
mitees 10. And the number of times each Member of the Trust met was as follows: 



COMON COUNCIL MEN. 



Ayers Rob' 


3 


Laroche J? 


16 


Archer Tho. 


12 


L? Limerick 


7. resignd 14 March 


Hen. 


28 




1738/9 



Beauclerc L? Sidney 


12. elected 15 March 


Oglethorpe Ja. 




173f 


Page J? 





Chandler Ri. 





Shaftsbury 


6. resignd 14 March 


Digby Edw? 


6 




1738 /9 


Egmont 


45 


Sloper Will. 


10 ' 


Eyles Fra. 


1 


Smith Sam. 


35 


Frederick Tho. 





L? Tirconnel 


16 


Hales Stephen 


17 


Towers Tho. 


29 


Heathcote Sf Will. 


25 




13 






Holland Rogers 


6 


Tracy Rob! 


16 


Lapotre Hen. 


42 


Vernon Ja. 


35 



TRUSTEES. 



Anderson Adam 


11 


Gough S? Hen. 


6 


Belitha Will. 





Hanbury Will. 





Bedford Arth? 





Heathcote Geo. 


6 


Bouverie S! Jacob 


3 


Hucks Rob! 





Burgoign S' Rogf 


1 


Moore Rob! 





Burton J.° 


4 


Philips Sf Erasmus 





L? Carpenter 


3. elected C. Coun- 


Rundal Tho. B. of 






cil man 1 5 March 


Derry 







1738-9 but re- 


L d Talbot 







fused to accept. 


Tyrer Geo. 





Coop Ri. 





White J? 





Coram Tho. 


3 


Woolaston Will. 





Gonson S! John 





Fra. 






1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 107 

Lands granted this year. 
2 June 1739. To the Rev? M 1 . Geo. Whitfeild for an Orphan house 500 acres. 

Persons sent on the poor A cc'. this year to Georgia. 

On board the Charles, Cap' Harramond, 29 March 1739, 7 Saltsburgers, viz. 
2. Men & 5 Women which makes the whole number sent at the Trustees charge 
1383, whereof Foreigners 472, & British 911. Males 887, Females 496. 

ABSTRACT OF THE 7 T . H YEARS ACCOMPTS, FROM 9 T . H JUNE 1738 

TO 9 T . a JUNE 1739. 

CHARGE. 

The Ballance of last years Ace'. 4226.0.6. viz. 
Remaining for the Gen! Uses of the Colony 9 June 1738 



For the Use of particular persons 

For building Churches 

For the Use of the Missionaries . 

For the Use of the Scots Missionary at Darien 

For Religious Uses in Gen} 

For encouraging Bottony & Agrigculture . 

Appropriated to answer sola bills 



913.12.11 
100. 0. 
574.15. 
236.11.10^ 

0. 0. 
403. 7. 4f 

46.13. 4 
1951. 0. 
4226.0.6 



13202.11.9| 



Money depending on several persons in America 9 June 1738 not then Accounted for. 

For Supplies to the storekeepers at Savannah & Frederica 7 fi „ 1fi „ 9l 

for furnishing the stores w 1 ? provisions, tools &c . > 
For money advane'd to several persons in America on") 

Ace! for the further supply of the Colony, and ex- ! 2660. 8. 1 

pended by them, particular Ace'. 3 of which are not re- f 8976. 11. 3J 

turn'd as yet J 

Moneys reef in England within the time of this Ace*. 

For establishing the Colony, the Parliam'. 3 Grant 7 July 7 annn n 

1738 including Fees & Offices . . . j 

Received of M* Amos Collard of New Inn, Trustee to 7 „~ n n „ 

Tim. Wilson Esq I 3 °°' °' ° 

Rec? of Nath! Blackerby Esq at twice . . . . 10. 0. 
Ree? of S? J? Lade for a Serv! to the Widow Pothill in 

Georgia ........ 

Rec? of Ri. Blackwell Esq. for provisions supply'd Will. ) 

Aglionby Esq in Georgia, & the ballance of 50£ p? >• 24. 9. 4 

into the Accomp'. 8 hands for said Aglionby . . ) 8342. 9. 4 

For the Use of particular persons. 
Receiv'd of Ja. Vernon Esq, for the use of the Saltsburgers . . . 20. 0. 
Rec? of the Scot Society for the use of the Scot Darien Minister . . 40. 0. 



l | 8. 0. 



108 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

For the Religious uses of the Colony in general. 



Receiv'd of a gentlewoman unknown 21. 0. 

E M? Burton his 6'." 
chist at Savannah 



of M! Burton his 6'. h Annual paym' for a Cate- \ i o o 



31. 0. 



For Encourage Bottony fy Agriculture. 
Received of the Duke of Richmond 40. 0. 



Total Charge . . 21676. 1. lj 

DISCHARGE. 

Applyed in England. 

For charges of stationary ware, & printing . . . . 30.17. 8 

For house Rent for y? Trustees Office, necessaries for y! ) 9790 

house & incid' charges on sev! occasions > 

For wages to Messenger & housekeeper, Rewards to) 

Secret?, & Accomp', and to sev! others for services, y 505. 6.10 
and for extroardin? Clerkship .....) 

For charges of sending 4 males & 5 females to Georgia, 
viz. 7 Saltsburgers, 1 Brittan, & 1 on the Mission 
(whereby the whole number sent on the charity is 1383, 
whereof foreigners 472 & British 911. Males 887 fe- 
males 496) & for stores & necessaries for the Colony, 
as follows : 

For Stores & Necessaries for the Colony 57. 0.11 
For refreshment in the passage, and Pro- )....„ „ 

visions sent . . . . . . ) 

For charges of Saltsburgers sent for by their ) 

Countrimen in Georgia until ship'd from >• 43.14. 2 

England ) 

For Freight & charges of shyping y! said~i 
persons & their bagage, together with I 1Qg „ . 
the other lading for the Colonies use, & i 

Insurance J 385. 9. 8 

For Int B .' of Bills of exchange drawn on the Trust from") 

America, and charges of sola bills of Exchange sent I 90 i 7 r 

to Georgia to be issued there instead of drawing bills j 
for the service of the Colony .... -I 

For charges in the dispute between S. Carolina & > 1 154 



Georgia 
Sola bills of Exchange within the time of this Ace' . . 182. 0. 



1448. 0. 8 



19.12. 


81 


5057. 6. 


6f 


33.11. 


H 


1382. 9. 


H 



304. 5. 4 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 109 

Apply' d in America. 

Charge of surveying & setting out land .... 
D? of Provisions for the Inhabitants, as well those sent^, 

from England as who have joyn'd the Colony to 9 June I 

1738 : as also deliver'd in paym! to the Garisons and 

workmen, cutting roads, & fortifying, besides Cash p? 

for such services ....... 

For swine, lambs, poultry &c for the use of the Colony 
For stores, working tools, & necessaries for the Colony, ) 

besides those sent from England . . . . ) 
For Gen! work in fortifying, clearing ground, making y 

roads, erecting corn & saw mills, & in the large garden > 463.15. 0£ 

for supplying Mulberry plants . . . . ) 

For Pay & other charges of the garrisons & Rangers . . 1309. 0. 6^- 
For Arms, amunition and clothing besides those sent ) 

from Engl? J 

For Charge of scout boats, pettiaguas & other boats, & ) 

for freight & charges of shipping goods & passengers >■ 611. 6. 8^- 

from S. Carolina to Georgia ) 

For Presents in America to purchasse land from the In- ) 

dians, & for charges of Indians & persons sent into the > 318.13.10^ 

Indian Nations to regulate the Traders there . . ) 
For Incident charges in America . . . . . 121.12. 2| 
For Rewards to sev! in Georgia, & in America . . . 383.18. 5^ 

For Production of Raw Silk 87. 6.10 

Money advanc'd to sev! in Georgia to carry on their ) _„. _ „, 

Trades & Improvm 1 ? ) ■ ' a 

Apply'd out the 171.5.7. appropriated for build? Churches 5. 0. 

10378.14. 6 

Application of particular Benefactions. 

For a bull, 11 Cows & calves, 13 Turkys & 15 geese to") \ 

the Saltsburg? \ 33.17.6 f 43.17,5 

Allowance towards build? the Rev? Mr Gronaus house . 10. 0. ) 

Expended on the Missionaries & Schools 167. 0. 8 

Expended on the Religious Uses 151.18. 

Expended for encourag? Bottony & Agriculture 86.13. 4 

Depend? on sev 1 . persons in America. 

Supply'd the storekeepers at Savaiiah & Frederica for pro- 
visions & tools &c to furnish the stores .... 5203. 2. 14 

And for money advanc'd to sev! persons in America on ) 

Ace! for the further supply of the Colony, & expended y 1844. 8. 7 

by them, the particulf Ace'. 3 of w c . h are not yet return'd ) 7047.10. 8£ 

Total expended 19323.15. 4£ 

Charge 21676.1. !£. Ballance carry? to next Ace! .... 2352.5.9 



110 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June. 

Particulars of the Ballance carry? to next years Acct. 

For establishing the Colony to be apply'd in England 
More, but to be apply'd to answer sola bills return'd from \ 

Georgia . I 

For the Use of Missionaries & Schools 

For the Use of particular persons 

More D? to answer sola bills in Georgia 

For building Churches 

More D? but to be apply'd to answer sola bills in Georgia 

For the Use of the Scot Minister at Darien 

For the Religious uses of the Colony in general . 

More D? to be apply'd to answer sola bills in gen! 



NB. 166.5.7 of the above 485.7.8 mention'd for establishing the Colony, is ap- 
propriated towards building a Church in Georgia. 



485. 7. 


8 ) 






824. 0. 


•f 


1309. 7. 


8 






69.11. 


H 


6. 2. 
70. 0. 


1} 


76. 2. 


6 


174.15. 

400. 0. 


° 1 
i 


574.15. 





40. 0. 





40. 0. 





82. 9. 
200. 0. 


4f> 
j 


282. 9. 


4f 




< 


2352. 5. 


9 



TRANSACTIONS 



THE TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA, 

From the 9th of June, 1739, to the 9th of June, 17Jfi : 
being the 8th year. 



11 June 1738. We Imprest 500 £ to Aid? Heathcote. 

13. June. 1. [Present,] Egmont, Heathcote S' Will., Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., 
P., C. C, Anderson Adam, T. 

A Comon Council board was sumond to proceed upon several mat- 
ters remaining of the Agenda : to consider of the Accounts of the late 
Paul jenys Esq, lately received : & to order sola bills & half pence by 
the ship 2 Brothers : But we were not a board. 

1. Our Accompt! reported that he had p? into the Bank 187.4.1. 
being the Ballance of money remaining in Alderman Heathcotes 
hand. 

2. This being all the Trustee business we had to do, we went into a 
Cornittee of Correspondence, & prepared letters to My Hawkins 1. 
Bailif of Frederica : 

MF Tho. Jones, 

M? Fallowfeild newly appointed 2 Bailif, 

& to M T . Gilbert lately removed from being Bailif. 

13 June 1739. This day Mr Hugh Anderson, late Overseer of the 
Publick garden & mulberry plantations wrote me that necessity had 
obliged him to quit Georgia & settle at Charlestown : hinting that un- 
less the desires of the Inhabitants of our Colony were indulged in 
their desire of Negroes & other things mentiond in the late Represen- 
tation, the few remaining Inhabitants would go away. 



112 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

13 June 1739. This day also Col. Oglethorpe wrote me his re- 
marks on Giraldini's memorial & boasts : 

1. That the Spaniards at Augustine are civil, but he would not 
trust them. 

2. That he heard they were soon to be reinforced. 

3. That they receive our Runaway Negroes, and strove to bribe our 
Indians from us, as did also the French, especially the Creeks, who 
have a body of 1500 Warriours : but that he was going to a great meet- 
ing of that and other nations in July at the Cowhetas town 500 miles 
from the sea, a journey expensive and troublesome. 

4. That M? Norris was unwilling to leave Savanah to Mr Whit- 
feild, & talk'd of returning to England. 

5. That a Chapel at Frederica is almost built, and he would give or- 
der to build a house for the Minister : but things were grown so dear, 
he feard 40 £ would not build such a large house as Mr Norris would 
want. 

15 June 1739. This day Col. Oglethorpe wrote the Trustees, that 
the Spaniards were bribing the Indians in Georgia to desert the Eng- 
lish. 

1. the Creeks particularly : that the Nations had sent to him to 
meet them at the Cowata Town 500 miles distant from Frederica, and 
that it was absolutly necessaiy he should go. 

2. That the Creeks have 1500 Warriours, the Chactaws 5000, and 
the Chickesaws 500 : and their Leaders were to meet him with Toma- 
chachi to consider of proper means to preserve their Tribes in the In- 
terest of Gr. Britain. 

19 June 1739. Cap? Hugh Mackay desired our Accomp* to acquaint 
us with the necessity 

1. of a scout boat at Amelia for the safety & protection of the 
Province Amelia being at least 50 miles by the Inland passage from 
S* Simons. 

2. also of a boat with a Cockson & 7 rowers at S? Andrews, to give 
Intelligence and keep the comunication open w*. 11 S* Simons, and pre- 
vent the surprisal of the Amelia boat, in which case S? Andrews and 
all upon Cumberland would be lost. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 113 

2d June. 2. [Present,] Archer (Hen.), Beauclerc (L a Sidney), Ch., Egmont, 
Hales Steven, Heathcot S r Will., Lapotre Hen., P., Laroche J?, Holland Rog'. a > 
Smith Sam., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumond to seal the Comissions for vacan- 
cies fill'd up ; to order the purchasse of half pence and the amount of 
sola 'bills to go by Cap* Thompson: & to Impress money for the said 
half pence, & other payments to be made. 

1. As Trustees, we seal'd a memorial to the Treasury, desiring their 
directions for issuing the 20000,£ granted last sessions for further im- 
proving & settling the Colony. 

2. Seal'd a petition to the king in council for a Licence for the ship 
two brothers, Cap* Will. Thompson Master, laden with provisions & 
clothing for Col. Oglethorpes Regiment, & 14 Men to sail for her in- 
tended Voyage. 

3. Lieu* Col. Cochran attending to know our pleasure concerning 
allowing the disbursments he had made on the Regiment's account 
when he landed at Savannah, w c . h he desired the Trustees to take on 
themselves : We shew'd him a state of that expence sent us from 
Georgia, consisting of a great number of articles, & promis'd him a 
Copy of it, desiring him to make what remarks he thought fit on it in 
writing, w c . h should be refer'd to a Comittee of Ace*. 3 & promised when 
the Comittee made their report, the board would send to him : which 
seem'd to satisfie him. 

4. We took into consideration the misbehaviour of My Hen. Parker 
I s * Bailif of Savannah in abetting the Representation formerly men- 
tion'd for admitting the service of Negroes, & change of Tenure, as 
also his character for drunkenness, together with degrading his Post, 
and his being the leading man in Courts of law, which gave him 
power to acquit My Causton for whose appearance he was Bail, in case 
the Trustees should think fit to prossecute him : and after some de- 
bate we unanimously resolv'd to dismiss him, & prefer My Thomas 
Christie, the 2? Bailif, to be first Bailif in his room. 

5. Seal'd My Christies Comission thereto. 

6. The Removal of My Robert Gilbert from the Magistracy was 
confirm'd. 

7. My John Fallowfeild was appointed 2? Bailif in his room : & his 
Coniission sealed. 

8. My Thomas Jones the storekeeper of Savannah being a Man of 
resolution, & manifesting a hearty zeal for the Colony, was appointed 
3? Bailif : But we resolved he should not be Overseer of the Trust 

15 



114 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

Servants, it being fit that a Magistrate should be a free holder, but un- 
fit the Overseer of Trust servants should be so, having experienced 
the Inconveniences arrising therefrom by M? Bradley's employing the 
servants on his own lot, when he was Overseer. Mf Jones's commis- 
ion was seal'd. 

9. The promotion of William Williamson to be Recorder of Savan- 
nah was confirm'd, & his Comission seal'd. 

10. The resolutions of this day fortnight as far as they were con- 
trary to this disposition of the Magistracy were repealed. 

11. The Answer of the Trustees to the Representation from Savan- 
nah complaining of the Tenure of their lands & want of Negroes was 
agreed to & orderd to be countersigned by the Secretary, together 
with Instructions to the Magistracy : and both had the seal put to 
them. 

12. As Cofnon Council, we resolv'd that M? Tho. Jones should have 
a grant of 50 acres. 

13. Order'd that . . . Davison 2? Constable at Frederica be ap- 
pointed Overseer of the Trust servants in the southern division of the 
Province : but this took not place. 

14. A letter from Cap! Hugh Mackay being read, wherein he evi- 
dently shew'd the importance to the Colonies safety of maintaining a 
scout boat, & another boat of 7 men with a Coxon, to ply between 
the Islands in the Southern division, & the main land, We unani- 
mously agreed to add the charges of these to the establishment for this 
year, which encreased it by about 250 £ p ann. There was however 
some debate about it, we looking on these boats as employed & in- 
tended only for the military service of the Colony, and therefore not 
properly to be defrayed by us : but I represented the danger the Col- 
ony must probably be in for want of Intelligance, in case the Span- 
iards should attempt to surprise us, & the blame that would be cast on 
us, if knowing as we do that the Goverment has made no provision for 
such boats, any disaster should come. Which consideration inclined 
even the most frugal gentlemen at the board to consent to this addi- 
tional charge to our Estimate, amounting to 258.15.1 for a scout boat 
at Amelia, and 48£ for a small boat at S* Andrews. 

15. We orderd payment of 200=£ to Col. Oglethorpe, Mr Jenys of 
Charlton having by letter acquainted the Trustees that the Col. had 
paid him that sum on our Ace* 27. April 1736. 

16. The same Mf Jenys sent us a state of his Ace! with the Trustees, 
the ballance whereof he made in his favour 636.17.3, and had drawn 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 115 

a bill on us for the same 7. April last. The same was refer'd to a 
Comittee to report on, & till then payment was postponed. 

17. Our Accompt! reported to us, that on the 9 June 1739 the Bal- 
lance of the Trustees Cash in the Bank amounted to 2352.5.9. where- 
of was reserved to answer sola bills outstanding 1534<£. And for par- 
ticular uses of the Colony 381.11.5, and for the general uses 436.14.4. 

18. Report that 500 £ had been imprest to MT Heathcote. 

19. Order'd that 2 Tun of halfpence for the use of Georgia be sent 
by Cap! Thompson of the 2 brothers, towards defraying \ years ex- 
pence of the Estimate from Mich? 1739. The 2 Tun amounted in 
value to 422<£, exclusive of the charge of casks &c. 

20. Impress order'd to Aid? Heathcote of 1000 £ to answer this & 
other expences. 

21. MT Hamerton, Quit Rent Officer in South Carolina, made ap- 
plication to us to advance him 200 £, for which he offer'd to give us 
an Assignment on the Kings Quitt-rents in S. Carolina. We directed 
the following answer to him, that if he would first pay the 200£ to 
Mr Will. Stephens in Georgia, we would on knowledge thereof pay 
him 200 £ here, but that it was not our method to advance money to 
persons in the manner desired by him. 

22. Read a petition from Cap* Will. Thompson to be paid 465.1. 
1£ for stores & necessaries carry'd to Georgia in May 1738, the same 
being certified by MF Causton to be deliverd to him. We orderd the 
Capt? 69.1.1J. 

23. Read a memorial from the said Cap' alledging that he had car- 
ry'd over 116 heads of German servants at his own risk : which ser- 
vants Col. Oglethorpe received, wherefore he pray'd payment for the 
charges of freight &c of said servants amounting to 826.2.11^. 

This memorial was refer'd to a Conlittee to consider of. 

24. Order'd 25£ to Will. Stephens Esq, for his services to Michle- 
mass 1739, before the Estimate takes place. 

25. Order'd that Peter Emery be appointed Pilot at Tybee, if he 
approve the terms in the Estimate. 

June 27. 3. [Present,] Egmont, Ch. & P., Hales Stev., Holland Eog7, Lapotre 
Hen., LaRoch J?, Smith Sam., Towers Tho., Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson 
Ad?, T. 

A Comittee of Ace'? on Cap* Thompsons Memorial was sumon'd ; as 
also a Comon Council to receive the Report thereupon, before the Cap- 
taints departure for Georgia. 



116 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

1. We began with Comon Council business, & 1. read the petition 
of Anne Emery, widow of Mich! Germain, and wife of Peter Emery 
lately appointed Pilot at Tybee, wherein she desired 50 acres to be 
granted her husband, with license to sell liquours, and that her daugh- 
ter Mary Germain may succeed to lot 78 in Savannah, in case Mich 1 
Germain brother of said Mary should die without Issue. That the 
above grant of 50 acres may be Tybee Island. Lastly that the Trus- 
tees would advance her 20.£ on her husbands pay as Pilot. 

We granted all her desires, except that of advancing her 20<£, it 
being in her husbands power to refuse the repayment of it. 

2. Read the petition of Mary Crowther, widow of Joseph Cooper 
late of Savannah, desiring the Trustees to advance her as they had be- 
fore done, half a years Rent on her house set to Bailif Parker for 
10.10.0 per ann., to be repaid by said Parker to the Trust. 

We rejected her petition, having advanc'd her 2 years rent, which 
Parker never repaid. 

3. Read the petition of Isaac Young of Savahah, setting forth that 
he arrived in Georgia 21. Aug. 1736. That he had often apply'd to 
have his Grant run out being 100 acres, but after long delay, he could 
get but 50 acres, & was appointed with others to settle a vilage. 
That he was indebted 25 <£ to the Trust occasion'd by sickness, & is 
working himself out of debt in the brick layers business. He pray'd 
the assistance of the Trustees, & confirmation of a Vacant tract of land 
he had taken possession of. 

We Resolv'd not to advance him any money for which there ap- 
pear'd no reason ; 

But we resolved that M? Stephens should be wrote to, to enquire 
into the allegations of the petition, and whether the vacant land he 
had possest himself of is good, and a good title can be made to him of 
it : and that 100 acres be set out to him. 

4. Resolv'd that M? Stephens be again acquainted w*. 11 the negli- 
gence of the Surveyor, whom he must call upon to do his duty. 

5. Read the proposalls of Andrew Duchee Potter at Savannah, (see 
them at large fol. [78]) 

Resolv'd that a sum not exceeding 12£,be laid out in the purchasse 
of a pestle and morter, lead, smalt and block tin, and that Andrew 
Duche" be instructed to send over a specimen of all the Purcelain he 
makes : but the Trustees can say nothing to the other part of his pro- 
posal about procuring him a Patent till they saw proofs of his work. 

6. MT Hamertons request to advance him 200<£ on his Majesties 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 117 

Quitrents in S. Carolina was again taken into consideration : and be- 
ing informed that there are quitrents sufficient to answer the same in 
his hands in America, considering likewise that it would be doing 
him a great service, he wanting this sum to pay Mr Horace Walpole, 
and that it might make him a friend to our Colony who have so many 
Enemies in Carolina, We granted his request, and took his bill on his 
deputy payable to Will. Stephens Esq, Tho. Christie, & Thomas 
Jones, or to the order of any two of them. 

7. Read the petition of Sam? Holmes of Savannah, bricklayer, set- 
ting forth that When he went over in 1738 with two servants, they 
were enticed from him at Charlestown that he makes as good brick as 
any made in England, and desires two servants may be allow'd him. 

Resolv'd that M? Stephens be inform'd, that if any of the Trust 
servants are not engaged or provided for by the Estimate, that the 
said Holmes, have 2 servants on condition that he teach them the 
bricklayers trade, and maintain those servants himself. 

8. We then took into consideration that part of the Estimate where 
the Overseers of the Trust servants are excluded from being proprie- 
tors of land, and perceiving a difficulty of finding proper persons 
to oversee those servants among such as have no land, we repeal'd 
that qualification, and Resolv'd 

That MF Tho. Jones the 3. Bailif of Savannah shoul'd be Overseer 
of the Trust servants in the northern division of the Province, not- 
withstanding the order of the last Comon Council for revoking his 
appointment. 

And that Sam? Davison should be Overseer of the Trust servants 
in the southern division, as at first appointed : and that they severally 
enter into Recognisances to the Trustees in the several Town Courts 
of Savannah & Frederica, that they will not employ any of the Trust 
servants on their own lands, on pain of forfeiting their Employments 
& Sallaries. 

9. Resolv'd that their appointments be seald & Instructions sent 
them. 

10. Resolv'd that 200 copies of the Trustees answer to the Repre- 
sentation from Savannah about Negroes and the tenure of land be 
printed, & sent to Georgia, for the information of the Inhabitants. 

11. Resolv'd that if Robert Hows (late Parish Clerk of Savannah) 
now returning to Georgia, shall appear indebted to the Trustees, that 
no proceedings shall be made ag s ? him until his case be known, and 
directions given thereon. At the same time we orderd a letter to 
MF Stephens to inform us how his affair stands w*? 1 the store. 



118 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

12. Resolv'd that Will. Stephens Esq. MF Tho. Christie, & MF Tho. 
Jones, or any two of them, be the persons who are to issue the Trus- 
tees sola bills for the service of the Colony. 

13. Resolv'd that 8 barrils of gun powder, 1400 weight of Indian 
gun bullets, and 400 weight of Swan drops be purchassed & sent, and 
set a part for presents for the Indians. 

14. Read a Memorial from Peter Simond Merch* setting forth that 
1667.8.9 was due to him for value furnish'd by him to the stores at 
Savannah, as appears by 3 several certificates from Georgia : that 
seeing it might be some time before the Comissioners report on his 
Ace*. 8 could be received from Georgia, and he having occasion for 
money, he prayed an advance of 14 or 1500L. thereof. 

Resolv'd that 1200 <£ be advanced to him on his note to answer to 
the Trustees any sum that may be short of 1200^6 to be reported 
due. 

15. Read a petition of Mess r ? Pytt and Tuckwell, setting forth, that 
by 3 several Ace 1 . 8 remitted from Georgia, there is due to them 407. 
5.9J, and praying an advance of 300£ on credit of said Ace*? 

Resolv'd that 300 £ be advanced to them on the same conditions 
as made with MF Simonds. 

16. Resolv'd that any 5 of the Comon Council may draw on the 
Bank (after the 20000 £ granted by Parliam* shall be received) for 
payment of the said sums, & the 200 £ advane'd to MF Hamerton. 

17. Read a letter from Kennedy Obryan Esq to our Secret? MF Mar- 
tin, dat. 8. June 1738, setting forth, that he had been 2 years at Au- 
gusta, & had laid out 300<£ : but having no grant of the land he fixt 
on, he desired one might be past him for 500 acres. This letter was 
accompanied by another from Col. Oglethorpe recomending the affair, 
& informing the Trustees that he is a very industrious Man, & kept a 
store house to supply the Indian Traders with Goods. 

A grant of 500 acres was orderd him as he desired, and a Memorial 
thereof to be registerd w*? 1 the Auditor of the Plantations. 

Same day. 4. [Present,] Egmont, Hales Stev., Holland Rog'. 8 , Towers Tho., Ver- 
non Ja., C. C. 

The board breaking up, there remain'd a few of us, who went into 
a Comittee to consider of Cap* Thompsons demand (see Fol. [115], 23) 
and after reading the Account to whom the 116 servants were severally 
disposed, we allow'd the disposal of some, & rejected that of others, 
which we resolved to report to the next Comon Council 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 119 

4 July. 5. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Hales Stev., Holland Rog™, P., La- 
potre Hen., Smith Sam., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumond to receive a Report from the Com- 
mitee of Ace*? on Cap* Thomsons Memorial, & the Ace*? of the late 
Paul Jeny's Esq. To order what value in the Trustees sola bills shall 
be sent over by Cap* Thompson for defraying part of the estimated Ex- 
pences in Georgia from Michlemass next : And to consider of the Res- 
olution of the Incorporated Society in Scotland relating to the support 
of their Missionary. But we were not a board. 

1. We put the Seal to a letter of Atturney, for M*. Verelts to re- 
ceive the 20000<£ given by Parliamt 

2. Also to the Appointment of Mr Tho. Jones to be Overseer of 
y e Trust servants in the Northern division of the Province. 

3. Also to Sam! Davison's appointment over those in the Southern 
division. 

4. Also to their several Instructions as Overseers. 

5. Also to 1200<£ in sola bills, which were to be sent imediatly by 
Cap!' Thompson to Col. Oglethorpe for his endorsement, and then to 
be issued by Mr Christie, My Tho. Jones & Mr Stephens, according to 
the new Establishment. 

6. the Seal was put to Mr Obryans grant of 500 acres. 

4 July 1739. Mr Boltzius Minister at Ebenezar wrote to Mr Ve- 
relts that Mr Ortman Schoolmaster at Ebenezar to teach the Saltsbur- 
gers English was not qualified for it, but his English servant boy, 
Bishop, would be servicable therein, and he wish'd the Trustees would 
give him some small encouragement for that purpose. 

4 July 1739. This day Col. Oglethorpe wrote to the Trustees, 

1. That our ordering him to issue the 500£ in sola bills he carry'd 
over, our sending him 710,£ more in bills, and the money we had ob- 
tain'd of the Parliam* would preserve the Colony, and there by cover 
all the trade of North America from the Spanish Guarda Costas. 

2. That our resolution to put down the publick stores, & pay all 
in money was well judged. 

3. That he doubted not but the sum granted by Parliament would 
pay the debts of the Colony, but leave a fund before hand. 

4. That the Magistrates abused the powers given them, and the 
people strive to deny any authority in him. 

5. That the people would fain bring the Tryal of the Trustees 



120 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

property before Juries, and many declared they would bring in their 
Verdicts according to their Interest. 

6. That they try'd offences comitted against the Rum Act by juries, 
& acquitted the sellers, in spight of Evidence, whereas at Frederica the 
Magistrates try'd them at petty sessions as justices of Peace. 

7. That Patrick Grant, a relation of S? James Grants, Naval Offi- 
cer & Searcher at Frederica had with this last way of tryal got the 
better of Rum. 

8. That his views are to keep the expence of the Province within 
bounds, and at the same time push on the Improvments of silk & 
wine, & agrigculture, whereby to make the Province capable of subsist- 
ing itself, by raising and selling sufficient for the Regiments consump- 
tion, which would enable the people not only to purchasse cloathing 
but also to pay the passage of servants and other labouring hands, 
whereby the Colony would encrease without any new Expence to the 
Publick. 

9. That he was labouring to reduce the expences of the Colony & 
fix them to some certainty, and had got pretty near through, tho im- 
pediments had purposly been cast in his way. 

10. That the Indians had been stirr'd up to insist on his meeting 
them on which the welfare of S. Carolina & Georgia depended : The 
Spaniards & french sparing no pains to persuade them to seperate 
from the English. 

11. That the Expence occasion'd by Col. Cochran for hutting the 
soldiers he carryed over &c. was absolutly necessary, but had himself 
been then there, they should not have been paid, but certified home, 
that the Trustees might apply to the Goverment to pay them. 

12. That the Trust servants had been employed therein at S* An- 
drews, by M? Hugh Mackay their Overseer, and Mf Horton had em- 
ployed as many of the Inhabitants as would work, whereby they paid 
part of their debts due to the Trustees for food. 

13. That for want of Rangers, stealing of cattle & killing them in 
the woods was grown comon, so that it was dangerous to let them out, 
which yet they must, the people having neither enclosure or food for 
them. That at Savahah there was scarce a man had one hog left, 
tho when he last left the Province there were sev? hundreds. 

14. That the number of Trust servants was great : That those at 
Darien were under the care of MT Macintosh, and had learn'd to saw, 
so that the boards employed in the kings works and in building the 
Chappel at Frederica was saw'd by them, the value of which he be- 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 121 

leived was what would near answer the keeping them, and he hoped 
would next year do more than maintain them. 

15. That the servants at Amelia under Mr Hugh Mackay are 
placed on a very fertile spot of ground, and had made a plantation 
which promised more corn than they could eat, but their cloathing 
and meat would be still some charge. 

18. That several boats were necessary to the Province, one at least 
to each settlement, with out which it were as good to abandon the 
Province. 

19. That the Country cannot be supported without Cattel : that the 
Trustees have a large heard, the keeping of which has been a consid- 
erable expence, yet he thought that notwithstanding vast numbers 
have been kill'd and stole, the profit on the encrease is treble what 
they cost. That above sixty head had been recover'd in the woods by 
the Cattle hunters, and marked at the Cow pen at Ebenezar. 

20. That till the present stores are issued (of which he had layd in 
a great quantity), there would be occasion not only for a storekeeper, 
& clerks, but several other servants and labourers for unloading & 
preserving : and some will be necessary even when the Estimate or 
new regulation takes place. 

21. That it is necessary to adhere strictly to the notice given, that 
no person shall contract any debt chargeable on the Trustees. 

22. That he feard the allowing any persons in Georgia to endorse 
our sola bills, would give a new credit to them persons, which perhapps 
might be better let aloan, for which reason he scratch'd out the In- 
dorsment he had order'd to be made to MT Causton, and issued them 
himself with that 500 £ received from Us. 

23. He promised that if we would acquaint him how much we in- 
tended to spend yearly in Georgia, he would frame the establishment 
to that sum. 

24. He gave reasons against altering the Entails of Estates, and de- 
sired nothing might be done in it, till the Ace*? and Affairs of the Col- 
ony were settled. 

25. He complain'd that M 1 . Hen. Parker and Mr Stephens had refused 
to sign certain sola bills which he had sign'd & issued, which was a dis- 
tress on the particular persons to whose use they were order'd : But he 
would take up the bills & pay the Orders, and he had sent home 
those bills, in hopes we would pay into Mr Verelts the amount of 
those bills to answer his drafts. 

16 



122 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

5 July 1739. Col. Oglethorpe wrote to me that since L* Col. Coch- 
ran's departure there had not been the least difference or uneasieness 
in his Regiment, and he beleived no Officer was better beloved of his 
officers & Soldiers. 

2. That he was just setting out for the Indian Nation. 

With these letters came Col. Oglethorpe's general Ace! of the Ex- 
pences of the Colony from 22 Sept. 1738 to 23? June 1739: with ex- 
plications thereon, it was dat. 5 July, and only contain'd the Ace? of 
moneys advanced & paid by him, amounting to 1519. 4.5^, for which 
the Trustees are accountable to him. 

11. July. 6. [Present,] Archer Hen., Beauclerc L? Sidn., Egmont, Hales Stev., 
P., Holland Rog r . s , Lapotre Hen., LaRoche, J?, Smith Sam., Towers Tho., Ch., 
Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson Ad™, T. 

A Comon Council was summond to receive Reports from the Com- 
mittee of Ace*. 3 on Cap* Thompsons Memorial, & M? Jenys's Ace*? ; And 
to dispatch the other business necessary before Cap* Thompson sail'd, 
whose departure was fixt for the same week. 

1. Our Accomp* reported that he had rec? at the Treasury the 
20000£ granted by Parliam*, where the Fees were excused as usual, 
which he paid into the Bank. 

2.. Received 1.1.0 being the consideration money for the grant of 
500 acres to Kenedy Obryen Esq. 

3. The Comittee of Ace*? made their report on Cap* Thompsons 
Memorial (refer'd to them 20 June) that it appeard to them, that 
the German Servants disposed of by Col. Oglethorpes order in Jan7 
1738 / 9, and unpaid for amounted to 116 heads, whereof 47 heads 
appeard to be payable by the Trustees, as disposed of for the follow- 
ing uses, viz. 12 heads & \ for cultivating lands for religious uses in 
the northern part of the Province, which Col. Oglethorpe mention'd 
in his letter to the Accomp* dat. 13. Jan. 1738/9 were then wanted. 
7 heads to cultivate lands at Fort Arguile clear'd by Cap* Macphear- 
son's Rangers. 1 head to the Rev? My Norris, 4 heads to be employ'd 
in the Publick Garden under the care of Joseph Fitz waiter ; 5 heads 
& ^ employ'd as Cowheards to the Saltsburgers ; 1 head to attend the 
Saltsburg Orphans ; 2 heads to the Saltsburg School master ; 1 head 
to Will. Stephens Esq, Secrete of the Province ; 13 heads & £ to be 
employed in cultivating land for religious Uses in the southern part 
of the Province if not already provided, otherwise to be employ'd in 
cultivating Trust lands at Frederica. The other 69 heads the Comittee 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 123 

were of opinion did not appear chargeable on the Trust, by any Evi- 
dence at present produced to them. 

That they then proceeded to consider of the Ace? of Goods deliverd 
by Cap? Thompson pursuant to M? Oglethorpes directions amounting 
to 213.9.11^, whereof 102.16.4j is enter'd as the amount of several 
goods received for the Trustees store, including 3.3.0 part thereof 
for the use of John Broilsford's return from England, after the hear- 
ing on the dispute relating to the Indian Trade was over. Which 
sum the Comittee were of opinion ought to be paid, & no more ; the 
remaining sum being for articles design'd for Presents to the Spanish 
messengers when they came to Georgia, for encouragement of shop- 
keepers and other Credits, which the Comittee were of opinion ought 
not to be a charge on the Trust, or any concern of theirs. But 
that the sum of 102.16.4, together with 329£ for the 47 heads of 
servants before mention'd, making 431.16.4, the Comittee were of 
opinion ought to be paid, to Cap? Thompson. 

To this Report the Comon Counsel agreed, & orderd the money. 

4. The said Comittee also reported upon the Ace*. 3 sent over by 
the Executors of Paul Jenys Esq, that they differ'd from the Ace? of 
said Paul Jenys as sent over by M? Causton in some articles, and that 
there appear'd due but 491.9.4J to Mess 1 ? Smith & Bonovrier Exec- 
utors of MF Jenys. 

To this Report the Comon Council agreed, & ordered the money. 

5. Resolv'd that 1800£ be Imprest to Alderman Heathcote on 
Ace? 

6. Sign'd a draft of 3500£, being for the said 1800£, & for 1700£ 
order'd last Comon Council day. 

7. Resolved that 1061.8.0 be paid to M? Oglethorpe towards the 
Expences of the Colony advanced by him. 

Accordingly that sum was imprest to Our Accoinptant to answer 
Major Cooks bill upon M? Fury Agent of Col. Oglethorpes Regiment, 
and indorsed by the Col*, the said Fury having refused to pay that bill 
for want of a letter of advice. This money was to be repaid us when 
the letter of advice should come. The Trustees were unwilling Col. 
Oglethorpes Credit should suffer, he having generously disburst in 
April last 3000<£ of his own money for the service of the Colony. 

8. Resolv'd that Col. Oglethorpe be desired to advance 1200<£ in 
sola bills to be sent him, to Will. Stephens Esq, My Tho. Christie & 
My Tho. Jones, or any two of them for them to issue for defraying 
part of the estimated Expences of the Colony from Michlemass 1739 



124 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

for one year, for which they are to be accountable, and that he en- 
dorse them. 

9. Order'd that this request be under the Corporation Seal. 

10. Order'd that 1200X in sola bills be sent by Cap? Thompson 
now going to Georgia, & consign'd to Will. Stephens Esq, having 
been sign'd & seal'd in pursuance of the Comon Councils order made 

10 Aug. 1737 for making out 4850<£ in sola bills to be sent as occa- 
sion shall require, & being part thereof. 

11. MT Macleod's letter to the Incorporated Society in Scotland 
for propagating Christianity, expressing his desire that 300 acres of 
land might be granted to the Presbiterian Church at Darien, now 
call'd New Inverness, was read : as also a Copy of a resolution of that 
Society made 14. of last month, to the purpose following, viz. that 
upon the Trustees giving an absolute Grant of 300 acres for the ben- 
efit of the Societies Missionary in Georgia within 12 miles of New 
Inverness in Darien, the Society will grant 40 £ for indenting and 
buying up servants towards cultivating or clearing the said lands for 
the Missionary : and that in case of the decease of My Macleod 
or his leaving that Mission, any reasonable debt he may contract 
in maintaining the said servants, be declared a burthen on his suc- 
cessor in that Mission, in respect he will reap the benefit of the said 
Improvments : 

The Board unanimously resolv'd that 300 acres be granted in the 
manner desired, to hold to him & his Successors who shall be sent to 
officiate : And that the present 50 acre lot in MT J? Macleods posses- 
sion be accounted as part of the said 300 Acres. 

12. Resolv'd that Hen. Parker be removed from being a Comis- 
sion? for examining & stating the Publick debts in Georgia, and that 
Mr Tho. Christie be appointed in his room. And order'd that the 
seal be put to that removal & appointment. 

13. Orderd that leave be given to Anne Emory wid. of MicW Ger- 
main to let a lease of her share of her said husbands Lot for 7 years 
if she shall live so long. 

11 July 1739. This day was read a letter from Mf Stephens our 
Secret? dat. at Savannah 21 April, accompany'd by his journal from 

11 March to 12. April. It came this day. In it he writes 

1. That many have deserted the Colony, some from necessity, some 
by dissappointment of their hopes to become suddenly rich, and some 
from idleness, not caring to work, but that the few who remain are 



\ 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 125 



really industrious and he observed the Church is as full as ever : so 
that Religion has not suffer'd by those mens leaving the Colony. 

2. That Col. Oglethorpe had for the peoples encouragement to la- 
bour & cultivate, promised a premium of 2 Shillings on every bushel 
of corn they should raise, over and above what they can sell it for. 

3. That there are about 1000 head of Cattel in the Northern divi- 
sion belonging to the Trustees and private persons, which was more 
than expected till the great care lately taken to drive them up out of 
the Woods : & that this care would be continued for the future, by 
an allowance of six horses to the Pindar. 

NB. The Estimate has allow' d no charge of a Pindar. 

4. That the Crane being decay'd, Col. Oglethorpe had agreed with 
Duche the Potter to make a wharf at high Water, and thereon to 
erect a Store house for 50<£. But it was beleiv'd it could not be done 
for 100 £. 

5. That Mr Hugh Anderson and his family, not being able to sup- / 
port them selves longer in Georgia, were gone to Charlestown to seek 

for land, but with intention to return, if the affairs of the Colony 
mended. 

6. That M? Bradley made a demand on the Trustees of 1200£ for 
services, but M? Tho. Jones, on the contrary, charged him with 
1900<£ due to the Trust ; that the said Bradley had quitted all care 
of the Trust servants, and was determin'd to set down on his own 
Trust Lot. 

7. That notwithstanding the bad face of affairs, several persons 
were setting up private Stores, & building houses and Warehouses on 
vacant Lotts given them by Col. Oglethorpe, viz. Calvert, Montagut 
& Pury &c who were before only In-mates, & never had Lotts. 

16 July 1739. 1. Col. Oglethorpe wrote the Trustees, that MT Aus- 
purger (Surveyor at Frederica) would bring us 20 pound of Silk : 
that they hoped for 5 times the quantity, but for want of room, they 
were forced to make use of the house where the sick people used to 
be, and the Infection had such effect (as Camuche told him) that it 
occasion'd a sickness among the worms, which destroyed a great 
many : that some of the Silk was wound last year, but most this. 

NB. he did not acquaint us that some of this Silk was made in Car- 
olina & sold to us. 

2. He desired we would make no new grants of land, till we could 
get those already granted, in some measure cultivated. 



126 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

3. That Patrick Tailfor the Surgeon, and Rob* Williams the Mer- 
chant who had quitted cultivation to sell Rum, had almost all the town 
of Savannah indebted to them for Physick and Rum, and had raised 
a strong spirit that lands might be alienable, & then they would take 
the lands for their debts, monopolize the Country, & settle it w*? Ne- 
groes, where fore he hoped we would make no alteration in the Ten- 
ures. 

4. He desired an Appointment to the Magistrates of the Town 
Court of Savanah for the time being to proceed to put the Rum Act 
in execution. 

5. That MF Pallowfeild Collector of Savanah, and W. Grant Naval 
Officer at S! Simonds vigiliantly acquainted him, they had discover'd 
some Spanish Sugars had been imported there, which he thought 
ought to pay a duty to the king : he therefore had orderd those Offi- 
cers to write to us, & hoped we would order proper Lawyers to be 
consulted, & send over advice what to do. 

6. That the French and Spaniards had used their utmost endeav- 
ours to raise disturbances among our Indians, and the not deciding 
clearly in the Act relating to them, had given such insolence to the 
Carolina Traders, that the Indians declared, if he did not come up to 
them, they would take arms and do themselves justice, and had or- 
der'd a general Assembly of all the Nations to meet him : and he was 
setting out that night. 

2. The substance of the alterations in the Tenure of Land men- 
tioned here was, 

(1.) The Widow of Tenant in Tail male holding 80 acres or under 
(not having forfeited) shall enjoy the dwelling house, garden, & half 
the land for life : the other half, with the reversion after the widows 
death to be held in Tail male after the Widows death, by any one of 
the daughters. 

(2.) If the Tenant holds above 80 acres, he shall leave his land by 
will to his daughters if they are unmarried, or are not entitled to any 
land in their own right. 

(3.) If the Tenant make no will, the eldest daughter shall succeed 
if unmarryed, & not possest of any land in her own right. 

(4.) If he leave no daughter the Widow shall be Tenant for life to 
the whole. 

(5.) If he leave neither widow or daughter, then he may by will 
bequeath his land to any one person he pleases if his land be but 80 
acres : or if his land be above 80 acres to one or more persons. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 127 

(6.) If he leave neither widow or daughter & die without a will, his 
heir at law shall succeed & hold by Tail male, provided the same be 
claimed within a year if residing in America, and 18 months if out of 
America, after such Tenants death. 

(7.) No appointment of lands exceeding 80 acres shall be made in 
less quantity than 50 acres to one person. 

(8.) In Grants hereafter to be made of 80 acres or more, the Grantee 
shall have power of giving the same by will to his or her son in Tail 
male : but not in any lot or portion under 50 acres. 

(9.) In default of such devise, the land to descend to the eldest son 
in Tail male. 

NB. This abstract was sent to Col. Stephens 10 Aug 8 .* 1739, en- 
closed in another of 28 SeptV following, with the addition of a fur- 
ther indulgence viz. that the Tenants might bequeath their land to a 
daughter tho marryed : and was received by Col. Stephens y e 7 April 
1740, who acquainted the people with the contents: but the formal 
printed declaration authentickly seald & sign'd by our Secretary, to- 
gether with the deed Pol relating to the forfeited lotts were kept back 
by Gen^ Oglethorpe (who liked them not) and not sent to Col. Ste- 
phens to publish, whereby these necessary means of satisfying the 
people was defeated to their great discouragement, and in truth to the 
discouragement of the Trustees in finding their orders disobey'd when 
ever not pleasing to Col. Oglethorpe. Col. Stephens wrote on the 4 
Aug. 1740 that he had not then received them. 

18. July. 7. [Present,] Holland Rog r .% Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam!, P., Vernon Ja., 

C. C, Anderson Ad?, T. 

1. Seal'd a Memorial to the Incorporate Society desiring an Allow- 
ance of 50<£ p ann for the Rev? M? William Norris, appointed Mis- 
sioner at Frederica. 

19 July 1739. He [Mr. Boltzius] wrote again that Ortman is 
totally unqualified, and very troublesome, his wife also giving such 
scandal by her lew'd behaviour as to be forbid the Sacrament. 

25. July. 8. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Hales Stev., Lapotre Hen., P., Smith 
Sam., Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson Ad?, Coram Tho., T. T. 

A Trustee Board was sumond to receive a Report from the Comittee 
appointed to prepare laws relating to the Tenure of Lands in Georgia, 
And to pilotage of Vessels, & for the powder duty in Georgia, And to 



128 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [August, 

agree to the said Report, so that the said Acts may be engrossed, past 
the seal, and presented to the king in Council on Thursday next. 

1. The law for pilotage and laying Port duties in Georgia was 
read, and with some amendments order'd to have the Seal put to it. 

2. M? Henry Archer brought the intended law for altering the 
Tenure of lands in favour of heirs female, but on debate it was agreed 
that the king should not be apply'd to pass a law for that purpose, but 
that the intended alterations should be made by our own authority, 
our charter investing us with that power. This was MT Archers 
opinion, MT Vernons & the other gentlemen's, to which I was obliged 
to acquiesce : but I objected that we had given the Inhabitants ex- 
pectation of a formal Law, and perhapps they would not be satisfyed 
with less, they having already declared on other occasions, that th6 
they were satisfy'd with our favourable intentions towards them, yet 
our successors might not be so indulgent to them, unless bound down 
by laws, which they could not revoke w*! 1 out the Crowns consent, 
who would be judge of the expediency of such revokation. 

They reply'd our Resolutions should be printed, & put into all their 
hands, and have our Seal to it, which would certainly satisfy them, 
and they did not know but it would be binding on our successors. 

I then desired that when sent over, order might be given to enter 
our Resolutions on Record. 

26. July 1739. Col. Stephens wrote to our Accomp* that the fur- 
ther alteration made in the Inhabitants Tenures by allowing those who 
have no issue of their own to leave their Estates & appoint their own 
successors must surely put an end to all further pretences of uneasi- 
ness about their Tenure : And that few now were for having Negroes, 
which himself was always against. That he is beginning upon the 
examination of the Publick Ace 1 . 8 in conjunction w*? M T . Jones, who 
is the roughest blade he ever had to do w*? in his life. 

That his son (Tho. Stephens) would be the bearer of his letter, and 
represent the Colony's condition neither better or worse. 

1. August. 9. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Hales Steven, Lapotre Hen., 
Smith Sam., Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson Ad™, Coram Tho., T. T. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to consider of & settle a draft of a 
Deed Poll for discharging the Proviso of lands reverting to the Trust 
on failure of Issue male, and enabling the Tenants for the time being 
to name their successors : & for other business. But we were not a 
board, and therefore acted only as a Comittee. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 129 

1. We consider'd the Deed Poll above mention'd, and set down our 
thoughts upon the most material parts thereof, purposing to settle the 
whole draft the Satturday following, in order to present it to the 
next Comon Council. 

NB. It was matter of great concern to me to see business of such 
importance so slighted by the greater Number of the Trust. Not one 
new face appeard this day to give his assistance, And only the same 
Members who attended the time before met. But it was worse the 
Satturday following : for we were but three. 

3. Aug 8 * 1739. Mr Tho. Jones writes that W. Tho. Stephens has 
no regard to truth, Neither the Col. his father, and gives Instances 
thereof. 

That the Son was for admitting Negroes. 

And against enquiring into the killing the Trustees Cattel. 

And obstinate to his fathers great grief. 

4 August. 10. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Holland Rog r . 8 , C. C. 
1. I went to town to meet our gentlemen in Comittee in order to 
settle the draft of the Deed Poll : we were but three, however we 
went through it, with resolution to report it next Wednesday. 

8. August. 11. [Present,] Beauclerc L? Sidney, Ayers Rob?, Egmont, P., Hales 
Stev., Holland Rog™, Ch., Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., Towers Tho., Vernon 
Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to receive the Comittees Report 
concerning the Deed Poll for altering the Tenure of lands, and for 
other business. 

1. Benefaction of books rec? from Edmond Parker, bookseller. 

2. Our Accomp! reported that Col. Oglethorpe had drawn on the 
Trust to the 1. July last, to the amount of 2175.2.8 which had been 
paid ; and also for 1061.8.0 by bill on his Regiment, Mf Fury the 
Agent having refused to accept his bill for want of Advice : but as we 
knew it was for money expended in the service of the Colony, he pro- 
posed the Trustees should pay it, the same being to be accounted for 
in the charges of the Colony when made up. 

The Board resolv'd the same should be paid, & a draft was made 
on the Bank for the said 1061.8.0 the same being to be repaid to the 
Trust by the Colonels Agent when payable. 

3. Read the Petition of Sampson Levi to be paid 600£ in part of a 

17 



130 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [August, 

certified Ace*, the payment whereof was suspended by the Board 
until MF Caustons Acc*. s should be settled : And Our Accomp* assuring 
us that at least 700<£ of that certified Ace* was due, and that we 
might safely gratify him in that matter, he offering to give security 
to repay the same in case it should appear he had no lawfull demand : 
We for the preservation of our credit, 

Resolv'd that 600 £ be paid to said Sampson Levi on ace* of a cer- 
tified Ace* of 717.2.3 due to him from the Trust for stores supply'd 
in Georgia : he giving security to the Trust to make good the same, 
if any difficulty should arise in his Ace*. 3 now under examination in 
Georgia. 

4. Read the petition of Cap* Dempsy, setting forth his ill state of 
health, contracted in the service of the Colony, and desiring some 
further reward than the 150 £ formerly given him, to enable him to 
go to the Bath or into the Country for his Recovery. 

Resolv'd that 25 £ be paid to the said Cap* Dempsy. 

5. The Comittee appointed to prepare resolutions for changing the 
Tenure of lands, made their report, which after several amendments 
was refer'd to a Comittee of any 3 of the Comon Council, to consider 
if the same when transcribed agree with the rough draft as settled by 
the Comon Council this day : and that the seal of the Corporation be 
then set to it. 

6. Resolv'd that 200 copies be then printed, & sent to Georgia. 

7. Sign'd a draft on the Bank for 1061.8.0. 

8. Sign'd another draft on the Bank fpr 600<£. 

23 August. 12. [Present,] Ayers Rob', Egmont, Eyles Fra., P., Lapotre Hen. 
Smith Sam., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumond at the desire of Mr Ayers, to recon- 
sider some part of the Resolution the Board had come to on the subject 
of change of Tenure in Georgia : 1. it being by him thought unrea- 
sonable that a man possest of land and leaving daughters marry'd before 
his death, should not have power to bequeath his land to any of them, 
but be obliged to give it to some more remote Relation. 

The reason why the Trustees did not indulge such Freeholder be- 
fore, was that they thought the marry'd daughters had a sufficient pro- 
vision made for them, by giving them the house & half of her deceas'd 
husbands land for life, and that if a further indulgence were allow'd 
such daughters, an accumulation of Lotts might possibly follow : for 
we had already agreed, that a daughter (if heir for want of brothers) 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 131 

shall be entitled to her fathers whole lot for her life, and that her 
children in marriage should succeed thereto. Also that a Widow left 
without children shall enjoy the whole Estate for life : if therefore 
leave were given to a Father to leave his land to a marry'd daughter 
there would be an accumulation of Lotts, both to her and the children 
she might have by a second marriage. 

But My Ayers insisted that it was contraiy to reason & Justice, to 
hinder a father from bequeathing his land to a daughter who must be 
dearest to him, meerly because she happend to be marryed, and in 
truth what he said had great weight. The Gentlemen therefore 
agreed with him, and for my own particular I did it the more readily, 
because the discontents in the Colony were grown so great, that I 
wish'd every step possible might be taken to reconcile their minds. 

But not being a Comon Council, we could determine nothing this 
day, which I was not sorry for, because My Hen. Archer and judge 
Holland, who were most concern'd in drawing the Deed Poll were ab- 
sent, as also My Tho. Towers, who was most averse of any to indul- 
ging the Inhabitants by making a change in their Tenure, and late 
seem'd not so cordial to the Trust, wherefore I was unwilling he should 
be displeased at any proceedings of ours in his absence. 

2. Mf Vernon reported that the Incorporate Society had w*. h much 
opposition made thereto by the Bishop of London's Creatures, at last 
consented to allow 50<£ p ann Sallary to My Norris, our Minister at 
Frederica and were come to the following Resolution : 

Resolv'd that the Rev? My William Norris be appointed Missionary 
at Frederica, with a Sallary of 50<£ p ann, to comence from Michle- 
mass next, and to continue for 3 years : unless the Society shall be of 
opinion that the Trustees for establishing the Colony of Georgia can 
sooner provide for him. 

17 Aug 8 * 1739. 

Phil. Bearcroft Sec7 
Thanks were order'd to be return'd to the Society. 

3. Col. Oglethorpes letter to My Verelts lately arrived was read, 
giving Ace* that the Spaniards labour'd to bribe the Creek & other In- 
dians from us, which made it necessary for him to go to their general 
Assembly at the Coweta town, which occasion'd his buying horses to 
carry him and his servants, as also presents for the Indians, where the 
Chactaws & Chickesaws were to be present. (See the substance of 
this letter dat. 15. June fol. [112].) 

Order'd that a Copy of this letter be lay'd before the Duke of New- 



132 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [August, 

castle, with a Memorial to be drawn next board day, setting forth, that 
by the words of the last Grant from Parliam* the money given us was 
only for the Civil establishment of the Colony, and therefore we could 
not defray the expences of this journey. 

4. Other letters lately received from Georgia were refer'd to a Com- 
mittee viz. 

5. One from M? Stephens dat. 19 May, with his journal to the IV* 
of that month. 

6. Another from Robert Gilbert late Bailif of Savannah desiring to 
be dischai'ged from that office, being ignorant that we had prevented 
him in his wish. 

7. The Gentlemen agreed to meet again the tuesday following where 
I promised to be present, but was prevented by a return of my gout. 

Same day. 13. [Present,] Egmont, Smith Sam., Lapotre Hen., C. C. 

8. Before the Board sat this day, three of us met early, and as a 
Comittee of Correspondence, resolv'd on the particular quantities & 
kinds of presents for the Indians (for which service our Estimate had 
made provision) amounting to 330.4.4. besides freight & Insurance, 
which made the whole expence about 400,£. This we reported to the 
Board, & it was approved. 

In My Stephens's letter and journal mention'd on the other side, he 
acquainted us 

1. That he had been to look for land on Vernons River, and had 
found a spot 12 miles from Savannah to his liking, which he hoped for 
a grant of. 

2. That on Easter Sunday, MT Norris administer'd the Sacrament 
to about 30 Comunicants at Savannah. 

3. That the Soldiers in the South were in a mutinous way, cursing 
the General & his Officers, & threatning to shoot him. 

4. That W. Jones had quarrell'd with M T . Christie & MT Rob* Wil- 
liams, & the latter had run his fist in Jones's face, who thereupon was 
gone to the south to complain to Col. Oglethorpe. 

5. That Col. Oglethorpe jealous of Ml" Abercromby Attorney Gen? 
of S. Carolina had order'd him no more to send him the letters addrest 
to England, but to MT Hopton. 

G. That 3 indented servants of Col. Oglethorpe were run away, & 5 
soldiers deserted. 

7. That Will 1 ? Bradley had taken possession of his Grant of 500 
acres, but with an ill will. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 133 

8. That most people who regarded their Lotts, were busie in re- 
planting a great part of what had been done before, which was witherd 
by the great drought, the heat coming on so early. 

9. That he had received no letter from the Trustees since the last, 
dated in October. 

10. That the Chactaws (supposed to be the Chigasai tribe who are 
in the French Interest) had fallen on the White Traders in their pas- 
sage to the Chickesaw nation, had plunderd them, & wounded two of 
them, besides killing 11 Chickesaws. That Red Shoes K. of the Chac- 
taws hearing this in his return from Charlestown appeard to be very 
angry at the disaster & promised Revenge, but his sincerity was 
doubted. 

11. That he now (30 April) had just rec? M? Verelts letter of the 
22 Dec b . r 

12. That Tomachachi's tribe of Indians appear'd not so tractable 
as formei*ly, some of them making preparation with the Creek Nation 
to fall upon the Florida Indians who are in amity with the Spaniards. 
But Toinachachi would prevent it. 

13. That the 5 deserters were return'd to their Colours. 

14. He hints at My Tho. Jones's hot temper, and at the mischief an 
intemperate self sufficient conduct clothed with power is capable of 
creating in the Publick. 

15. That Green and Cundal his man's information of the soldiers 
mutinous speeches was contradicted by those on whom they fixt the 
Intelligence thereof, & that Green had a bad character, being formerly 
convicted of bad crimes. 

16. That the Vines cuttings, which with proper care in packing 
would have been extream valuable, were quite spoilt in the Voyage. 
That they were cut (viz. December) in a proper month, but to pre- 
serve them for the voyage they should have fill'd a Cask half full of 
good Earth, wherein the cuttings should have stood half their own 
depth, and the tops of them only bound with straw, without any other 
covering, by which the air might come to them as much as was proper, 
but no spry of the Sea, wherefore they should not be exposed on the 
deck. 

17. That Mf Bradley had kill'd another Steer, which he call'd his 
own, but people thought otherwise, and that he was making the most 
of what he had in his keeping, before he surrenderd all up. 

18. That the Animosities between the Magistrates & Mf Tho. Jones 
were grown to a great heigth, he thinking he had not defference enough 



134 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [August, 

from them, and they thinking what they paid was too much to one he 
shew'd none to them. And that to go soon for England. 

19. That Isaac Bradford a notorious theif was seized & comitted to 
jayl in Carolina. 

20. That Will. Bradley having agreed to surrender up all in his cus- 
tody belonging to the Trust, chicaned & put it off when required so 
to do. 

21. That My Mercer had lately obtain'd of Col. Oglethorpe the 
promise of a grant of 300 acres upon lease, under the same Covenants 
with many others, w c . h he would take up on Vernons River near the 
land himself had fixt on. 

22. That very heavy rain held all the day, 17 May. 

23. That it gave him great pleasure to see the Trustees approved 
his services. 

24. That the Inhabitants take him for a spy, but he valued it not. 

25. That after much jarring & foul language between My Tho. 
Jones & My Causton there seem'd to be a calm intermission, and a 
quiet application to examine the latters Ace*? 

26. That to making those of Bradley up, he beleived My Jones with 
all his skill would not be able to go through them. That Bradley 
complains the Trustees have not fulfill'd their Agreement with him. 
That few beleive he will settle on his 500 acres, but as he has by de- 
grees sent some of his family to Carolina, that he intends there to set- 
tle. 

27. That the town is become aparently thinner by the numbers that 
have deserted the Colony ; nevertheless he must still assert & repeat, 
that far the greatest part of those that were gone, were not to be wish'd 
for again. 

28. That those who remain appear generally fixt, and determined 
to try their fortune yet further, but to his knowledge too many of 
them were hard put to it to live, and deserved to be tenderly used, not 
morosely & surly by those in authority. 

29. That Robert Williams, a person much noted for excess of heat 
was going to England, leaving a handsome Plantation of near 30 Acres 
well cultivated and brought to near perfection, to fall to ruin. 

30. That the discord between the Magistrates and My Tho. Jones 
proceeds from a false estimate they make of their several powers, each 
looking on the other as Subordinate, whereas he could discover no re- 
lation betweem 'em, That there was such rancour between them, he 
fear'd it impossible for him to sodder the breach. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 135 

31. That Mr Jones suspected Bailif Parker of wishing too well to 
MT Canston, and that he obstructed the discoveries expected to be 
made by the enquiry into his Ace*. 3 but Parker denies it, who charges 
Mr Jones w*. h blasting his character to the trustees, as being an idle 
fellow, & a sot. 

32. But he (MT Stephens) could aver he was a zealous Planter, cul- 
tivating land every year, and will appear to have improved the great- 
est number of acres this year. 

33. That My Jones has unquestionable abilities to go through the 
enquiry into the Acc ts and debts of the Colony to which he is ap- 
pointed, & has in his view to do all things with the greatest frugality, 
but it would be happy if he could comand his temper, and were not 
jealous without cause. 

34. That M? Parker is a good Magistrate and honest Man : has a 
good understanding, and has justice in all his aims : but if he as well 
as MT Jones would in their Stations asume less dignity, it would be 
better for the Colony. 

35. That the late seasonable rains promise a better harvest than 
any former year, 

36. But the number of Acres cultivated will fall short of what they 
were last year. 

37. That the silk Manufacture encreases a little, and as they were 
then (19 May) winding off the balls, he judg'd there would be double 
the quantity of what was made last year. That it was a loss in suffer- 
ing the seed to hatch too soon, the Spring coming on in that Country 
eai'ly, which produces the worms faster than the mulberrys will pro- 
duce leaves to feed them, especially if a frost happens in March (which 
was the misfortune for 2 years past) and that cutts off all early & ten- 
der leaves, whereby infinite numbers of worms must perish : So that 
perhapps there were not more than a 4'. h part of the worms preserved 
from which good was to be expected, & they were such as came abroad 
latest. 

38. That Camuche and his family who have the management of 
the silk are very diligent, and give sufficient marks of their skill : and 
intend next season to preserve the seed in a Cellar or some cool place, 
till they can be judg'd out of danger. 

39. That the oranges & vines in the publick Garden felt severely 
the effects of that cruel frost that happen'd about March. Such vines 
as were very young & began to put forth Tendrils suffer'd especially, 
and divers were cut off, Such as had taken good root and were of age 



136 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [August, 

to bear, escaped a little better, and many of them shew promising clus- 
ters, by which they hoped to see different kinds, and be able to judge 
which to give the preference to. 

19 May 1739. This day M? Stephens also wrote to me 

1. That the Inhabitants were in a drooping way, but he was success- 
full in chearing them up, by kind & tender treatment, which he wish'd 
MF Jones would shew them. 

2. That his low Circumstances were such as cramp'd his endeavours 
to serve us, but he hoped for support that might make him proceed 
w*. h Alacrity. 

3. That his son had met with discouragments lately from Col. 
Oglethorpe, which with an indisposition contracted by his too severe 
labour made him resolve to return to England, but with design to be 
again In Georgia by the latter end of the year. 

4. That Mr Hugh Anderson had been removed by Col. Oglethorpe 
last Oct b . r from the Office of Overseer of the Publick Gardin & Mul- 
berry plantations, he having not been able to attend it by reason of 
long sickness, and to save expence : and was gone to settle at Charles- 
town, where he reads lectures in Botany. 

5. That he was the person who wrote that remarkable anonimous 
letter to Col. Oglethorpe, for taking new measures before the Colony 
could thrive, w c . h gave Mr Oglethorpe so much displeasure. 

28 Aug. 14. [Present,] Beauclerc L? Sidney, Ayers RoW, Digby Edw?, Eyles 
Era., Ch., Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., Towers Christ?, Vernon Ja., P., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to reconsider the Deed Poll for al- 
tering in some points the Tenure of lands, and to deliberate on MF 
Ayers proposal of amendment to the Resolutions which the Trustee 
board that met last were come to : And having received the thoughts 
of M? Hen. Archer Mr Tracy and S? Will. Heathcot thereupon, who 
were then (as now) absent, 

1. The deed Poll with the Amendment proposed was confirmd or- 
der'd to be engrossed, and then the seal to be put to it. 

2. Order'd that so many copies of these Resolutions as the Trustees 
shall think proper be printed, & sent to the Colony. 

3. A letter from M? Hugh Anderson to me was read, relating 
(among other things) to the irregular running out of Lotts at Savan- 
nah, and without regard to the quality of the soil : that in many places 
they are of Pine-barren, which is not improvable, or in swamps, 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 137 

where the necessary drains surpasse the ability of the Planter. Or- 
der'd that the said letter, so far as relates to the quality of the soil, be 
refer'd to the consideration of a Comitee of any 3 of the Comon Coun- 
cil, who are to report their opinion thereon to the Board. 

4. The Trustees sign'd their, letter to the D. of Newcastle relating 
to Col. Oglethorpes journey to the Indian Nations. (See fol. [131] 3.) 

NB. The Duke was so offended that our letter was not seal'd with 
the Corporation Seal, but only sign'd by our Secretary, that he took 
no notice of it. 

5. Impress made to Aid? Heathcote of 300 X. 

5. September. 15. [Present,] Ayers Rob?, Digby Edw?, Egmont, Lapotre Hen., 
Smith Sam!, P., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Sumons of Trustees to put the Seal to the Resolution for change 
of Tenure of lands in Georgia, together with the deed Poll for the In- 
habitants to shew their Titles to the lands they hold, and lay claym 
to the benefits of the change of Tenure ; 

1. The Seal was accordingly put thereto according to the power 
given by the Comon Council, and an advertisment of it orderd to be 
printed in the news papers : and 500 of y? Resolutions printed. 

2. A letter was order'd to Col. Oglethorpe, & accordingly prepared, 
acquainting him with this proceeding, as also with our informing the 
Sec? of State of the expence of presents for the Indians when he went 
up to meet them at Coweta town, w c . h the Trustees do not think they 
are entitled to defray, it being for the defence of the Colony, with 
which defence we have nothing to do. 

3. A letter was prepared for Our Accomp* to write to MF Tho. Jones, 
advising him to behave curteously to his fellow magistrates, and par- 
ticularly to Mr Stephens our Secret? who is entrusted to give us mi- 
nute Ace*. 8 of the state of the Colony, is highly esteem'd by us, and 
must be consulted with on all occasions. 

4. A letter was prepared & order'd to Mr Stone Sec? to the D. of 
Newcastle, containing Remarks on the late Manifesto of the K. of 
Spain, and shewing some falsities asserted therein, with respect to Col. 
Oglethorpes Treaty with the Gov? of Augustine in 1736. 

5 Sept. 1739. This day Col. Oglethorpe wrote to MF Verelts from 
Fort Augusta, that he was just return'd from the Assembly of the 
Creek nations. That they had fully declared their right and posses- 
sion of all the land as far as the River S* Johns, and their concessions 

18 



• 



138 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [September, 

of the Sea coast, Islands, & other lands to the Trustees of which they 
had made a regular Act. That if he had not gone up he beleiv'd they 
would have fallen on Carolina, but as their complaints were reasonable, 
he had fully satisfied them, and all things were peacably settled. That 
they receiv'd him with great joy, and layd provisions for him on the 
road, & met him 40 miles. That he had been taken with a burning 
Fever, but was perfectly recover' d. 

12. September. 16. [Present,] Ayers Rob?, Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam!, 
Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson Ad™, T. 

A Comittee was sumond to go upon papers lately received from 
the Colony. 

1. A letter of old date viz. 28 May (so long it has been in coming 
was read, importing, that he had got a Rheumatism in his leg occa- 
sion'd by fatigue, & lying in the open air. 

2. Mf Hugh Andersons letter to me of 13 June (see fol. [Ill]) was 
read, 

It appeard to us calculated to induce us to agree to a change of 
Tenure, and admission of Negroes, but Mf Vernon took much notice of 
what he wrote concerning the baddness of the land : and a debate arose 
thereon. He was for letting every one that had bad land, to be allow'd 
other that is good, in a small proportion, and contiguous to them. 

But I desired we might not be too hasty, for it was a matter of 
great importance. Many had wrote that the land is good, and that In- 
dustrious men might live well on it, and none who had Country Lotts 
could reasonably complain, for they had liberty to chuse their land 
where they pleased. That all the complaint was that the Vilage of 
Highgate and some town lots in Savannah were bad ground, but among 
the great number, I found by looking back in our papers that only 12 
lotts in Savanah were reported to be swamp or overflow'd, & those were 
occupied by shopkeepers & tradesmen who would cultivate no land 
were it ever so good. That as bad as the land at Highgate is repre- 
sented, we were inform'd that 2 persons there had raised a very great 
produce being industrious. That the general excuse of idle Inhabit- 
ants for not cultivating, is that their land is bad, and to allow them 
new land would justify that pretence, and draw blame unjustly on our 
selves. That to grant the best land to those who cultivate none, would 
be of no use, but be flinging it away, and the industrious had already 
meliorated their lotts if bad, and few lotts could be supposed so bad, 
but some good land must be mixt with them. That it would be time 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 139 

enough to give them better land to their bad, when we heard they had 
cultivated the good land they are at present possessed of. That many 
of our Members now absent, are against giving them new land, and we 
were now but a Comittee of Correspondence. That we speedily expect 
Mf Stephen's son over, who would give us a just Ace* of the lands, and 
should not depend on other Ace*? given by idle persons, Runaways, & 
such as are embarked in the Negroe Scheme. 

Mr Vernon reply'd, that he made no motion, but only would prepare 
gentlemen to think of the matter, and he desired M? Stephens might 
be wrote to for a character of the land, which was consented to. 

Then I gave my thoughts that it must needs be a great discourage- 
ment to the people, that when they have cut down their timber in 
order to prepare their land for cultivation, they cannot sell it for want 
of the 20 shill. p tun on Masts, brought to England. 

3. And therefore I prest that the Comissioners of the Customs 
might again be apply'd to settle the point of a Naval Officer in Georgia, 
for want of which they refuse the bounty to us, not allowing the cer- 
tificate of the Naval Officer appointed by us : they pretending to the 
right of nominating him, and we insisting that right to be in us by 
our charter. That we had submitted so far as to leave the Comission- 
ers the power of giving our Naval Officer instructions, provided we 
nominated him, with which S? J? Evelyn and M T - Chandler seem'd con- 
tented, but yet the matter did not proceed. 

We agreed to renew our application to them. 

4. M? Miller our Botanist lately arrived from Jamaica attended, and 
gave us no satisfactory Ace* of the roots plants &c he was employ'd to 
collect in America for Georgia. 

5. But he told us our Colony might produce Indigo, and he could 
put us in a way to get it, & would give instructions for planting it. 

6. That our Colony also produces Cochineal, but it costs so much 
labour, & is so subject to be destroy 'd by frost & rain, that it is not 
worth they while to attempt it. 

7. That there was no getting the Jesuits bark. 

8. That snake root would do well, and he had brought some potts 
of it over, but being sick on board he had saved but one of them. 

On the 14 Sept. 1739 Mr Moore Secf to Gen! Oglethorpe wrote to 
us from Fort Augusta 

1. That the Gen! arrived there the 5*? 

2. That on the 6*? 1 Phony Mingo K. of the Chickesaws waited on 



140 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [October, 

him. On the 17 1 ? a K. of the Cherokees arrived there with 33 War- 
riours & Attendants. 

3. That the Small pox, and Rum carry'd up last winter by the Un- 
licenced Traders had slayn near 1000 Warriours & hunters among them. 
That thereupon the Indians complained they had been poison 'd, and 
some of their Towns had sent up to the French: whereupon the Gen? 
imediatly order'd the Trustees law against Rum to be more effectu- 
ally put in Execution. 

4. That on the 13*? 1 arrived an Express from Savanah, that the 
Gov? of Rhode Island had granted Comissions for fitting out Priva- 
teers against the Spaniards, whereupon the Gen? imediatly sat out & 
with the utmost expedition for Frederica which is about 400 miles from 
Fort Augusta. 

NB. this was the first news the Gen? had of War w*! 1 the Spaniards. 

24. Sept. 1739. Our Accompt' received a letter from S? William 
Heathcote, enclosing his Resignation of the Office of Comon Counsel- 
lor, which much surprised & displeased me, for he had, when in town, 
attended pretty constantly, and gave no hint of his design. The Clan 
who left us prevail'd on him to do the same as they had done on 
others. It was a considerable prejudice to us, as he was a man of 
Credit, and great fortune, and of good sense. He proffest in his letter 
much service and friendship for the Colony, and excused his withdraw- 
ing on Ace! that his private affairs allow'd him not to attend the board : 
tho I rather beleive it was importunity and the bad state of the Col- 
ony which carry'd him off. 

5. Octoby 1739 came a packet of letters from Georgia, viz. 
One dat. 5 July from My Boltzius to My Verelts. 

One dat. 11 D? from My Gronau to D? 

One dat. 26. D? from My Stephens to My Verelts, accompany'd with 
one from him to the Trustees, w*? 1 his journal from 22 June to 23 d 
July : wherein he mentions the general content the Inhabitants rec d 
at the resolutions of the Trustees to change their tenure, which had it 
been known some months sooner, would have occasioned 100 Acres to 
be cultivated more than at present, however that there was a prospect 
of a plentifull harvest, & few people now troubled themselves that 
they were not allow'd to have Negroes. He thank'd the Trustees for 
the 50<£ allow'd him to compensate his loss by servants, and promised 
faithfully to pursue the Instructions and powers sent him. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 141 

One from M 1 . Tho. Jones dat. 3. Aug 9 * insinuating ill things of M* 
Stephens & his son. 

One of same date from M? Tho. Christie (at that time still Recorder) 
that they had upon full conviction hangd Cap! Bixie & 2 of his Sea- 
men for barbarously murdering Hugh Watson on ship-board, formerly 
serv* to Tho. Bailey of Savannah. 

With these packets came a bill for 40£ drawn by Col. Oglethorpe 
to pay y? Reward promised by him for the discovery of that murder. 

The same day MT Tho. Stephens (son of our Sec?) being arrived 
from Georgia, told Mr Verelts that there remain'd when he left it 100 
families still in Savannah, & about 1000 persons in the Colony, w c . h 
was some pleasure to hear, it being reported in London that they were 
all gone away. 

5 Oct b . r 1739. Col. Oglethorpe wrote the Trustees, that the Affairs 
of the Colony were much , mended, but the Ace*. 8 were not gone 
through. 

2. That he was return'd from the Indian Country in good health. 

3. That he had rec 1 ? the kings comand to annoy the Spaniards, and 
had thoroughly engaged the Indians to assist, but was obliged to make 
them great Presents. 

4. That Toonahowy was gone with 200 ag 8t them : the Cherokees 
were raising 600, & the Creeks 400, who were to act with him. 

5. That he was forced to make several expences on this rupture, 
which he hoped we would lay before the Parliam! 

6. That there had been great sickness in Charlestown, but Georgia 
was healthy. 

7. That the Inhabitants of Georgia had fitted out a Privateer. 

8. That as soon as possible, he would send us a state of the Colony 
to lay before the Parliament. 

9. That he had been obliged to put 30 Rangers on footing, to em- 
ploy sev* scout boats, & to promise pay to the Indian Traders for rais- 
ing the Indians to preserve the Province in this juncture. 

5 Oct. 1739. M? Boltius wrote to complain, that Causton sold 
linnen sent to him, & never p? him for it. 

6. Oct. 1739. Col. Stephens wrote our Accomp! that M? Jones & 
he were in good friendship. i 



142 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [October, 

8 Oct. 1739. 1. John Brownfeild Register of the Province wrote 
us, that Cap*. Thompson anchor'd the day before off the Bar of Tybee. 

2. He exprest him self most thankfull for continuing him in his 
Office when by neglecting his Office & writing to us he was wholly 
unworthy, & was preparing to obey the orders we sent him. 

8 Oct. 1739. M T - Verelts call'd on me to sign a draft or Impress on 
the Bank to Aid? Heathcote for 500 £ to answer sola bills, which with 
a former draft made 800£. 

10. OctolT. 17. [Present,] Egmont, Lapotre Hen., P., LaRoche J.°, Smith Sam!, C. C, 
Anderson Ad?, Coram Tho., T. T. 

A Trustee Board was sumon'd to put the seal to a grant of 300 
Acres for the Missionary at Darien : and to read the Journal and let- 
ters brought from Georgia by M-' Tho. Stephens, who was then to at- 
tend the Trustees to give an Ace* of the Province. 

1. Accordingly we put the seal to the above Grant. 

2. We perused the journal and letters brought by M T - Tho. Stephens, 
and examined him on the state of the Province, he gave us a tolera- 
ble Ace* but was not sincere as afterwards appeard : for afterwards his 
Ace*? were very melancholly, and discouraging. 

10. October 1739. Cap* Thompson of the two brothers arrived in 
Georgia. 

11 Oct. 1739. 1. Col. Oglethorpe wrote that Cap* Hugh Mackay 
was arrived on board Cap* Thompson the Sunday before, and he had re- 
ceived our Estimate for the years Expence, wherein he thought there 
might be 20 £ a year saved upon each of the Pilots. He beleived some 
other expences might be saved, but observ'd we had made no allow- 
ance for a surveyor in the south part of the Province, nor for the 
Tything men in the Towns, nor for 2 corresponding Clerks or Intel- 
ligencers, to be maintain'd one in the Creek, the other in the Cherokee 
nation. 

2. That he every hour expected Action with the Spaniards. 

3. That Lieu* Gov? Bull had consented to his Suppression of Rum, 
& joyn'd in it, and own'd with the greater part of Carolina that he 
was best able to manage the Indians. 

4. That he would endeavour to see our orders executed, but beleived 
we would alter some of them, as the allowing an ale house at Tybee. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 143 

The same day W. Tho. Jones wrote to M*. Verelts that he had rec? 
his letter of the 14. July, and another from M 1 . Martin dat. the 9? h and 

1. That he had met with opposition from the Magistrates & others, 
only because he would not exceed the establishments made by the 
Trustees concerning the issues out of our Store, and issue not only to 
them but to others on their Ace*? towards discharge of their private 
debts. 

2. That Col. Stephens joyn'd with them. 

3. That he had been comitted to the Log house by them, if M T - Rob* 
Gilbert, had consented to joyn in a warrant for that purpose. That 
had not Gen! Oglethorpe protected him, he must have fled the Colony, 
or had not been now alive. 

4. That on the 5 July, he rec? his (M 1 - Verelts) letters of 3. March, 
and 2 April. 

5. That he, M? Parker, and Col. Stephens met pursuant to their 
commission & Instructions to examine & state the Ace*? or debts of 
the Colony : That on examining Montagut's Ace?, the contrivances of 
M* Causton to get money and enhance the Trustees debts appeard so 
plain, that M* Parker Caustons friend, for some days was very uneasie 
& neglected to attend, But that M? Stephens shew'd the greatest 
alacrity. 

6. That several Errors had been found in all the certified Ace*? re- 
maining unpaid, except Recompence Stanbury's. 

T. That the Western road cut by Rob? Williams to no purpose, cost 
by his Ace? 100£, and was done contrary to Col. Oglethorpes instruc- 
tions. 

8. That there were sev? mistakes in M T - Paul jenys's Ace'? 

9. That they beleived the ceritified Ace*? of David Prevost, & Thomas 
Ware to be just. 

10. That there is little assistance to be expected from M? Christie 
in the settling other persons Ace*? whose own will hardly bear an en- 
quiry into. 

11. That M? Pye one of the Clerks who attend on this affair is very 
faithfull, and has conceal'd nothing which could give light into any 
Ace?, and writes well ; but is too heedless to be depended on. 

12. That Adryan Loyer who had the entire direction of the Ace*. 8 , 
not being able to excuse the rasures he had made in them, was gone 
to Port Royal, by permission from M? Christie, tho M* Parker had re- 
fused it, he being the only person left who could explain any difficul- 
ties. 



/ 



144 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [October, 

13. That M? Hen. Parker had for 2 months past acted as a Magis- 
trate with great steadyness & good conduct, and had left off drinking 
to excess : that he is endow'd with good natural abilities. 

14. He hoped we would find some fitter person than himself to serve 
us in the Comissions sent him to execute. 

With these letters came the State of the Colony, from Col. Ogle- 
thorpe to be shewn the Members of the House of Comons. It is dated 
as the letters, on the 11. October and all arrived the 13 March 1739-40. 

13^ October: M? Thomas Stephens came this day to see me, and 
unfolded the true condition and disposition of the Colony at the time 
he left it : in subsequent conversations he discover'd to me a fierce 
implacableness against Gen! Oglethorpe, and Mv Thomas Jones, a con- 
tempt of the Magistrates of Savannah appointed by us, and an eager 
desire for Negroes, and absolute Liberty for the Inhabitants to sell their 
lands at pleasure : but of this more hereafter. 

1. He told me that at bottom the whole Colony was for having 
Negroes, notwithstanding the Inhabitants of Ebenezar and Darien had 
petition'd against it : and that artifice had been used to make them 
sign their petitions. 

2. That the 3 Magistrates last appointed by us were at variance & 
hated each other. 

3. That M? Fallowfeild is an honest & sensible man : 

4. But M? Christie very weak, & when in his cups will sign and 
certifie any thing M? Tho. Jones desires. 

5. That M? Jones is so utterly rash, passionate & cruel, that twas 
to be fear'd he would drive the whole Colony away before spring. 
That he declared he valued not the Trustees Orders, but would obey 
those of Col. Oglethorpe. 

6. That M 1 - Christie when Recorder, kept the Records in a slovenly 
careless manner, loose, and not enter'd in books. 

7. That M T . J? Bromfeild had, as he understood, flung up his Em- 
ployment at Col. Oglethorpes last arrival, or the Cor: had taken it 
from him. 

8. That the Inhabitants are daily leaving the Colony, and when he 
came away 7 or 8 had just done it, and more were disposing them- 
selves to follow them. 

9. That to pay hereafter in money instead of keeping a Publick 
store, was rightly resolved, and the people will be kept cheaper than 
from the stores : but unless some encouragement be given and con- 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 145 

tinued to them they must all go away, their labour not being sufficient 
to maintain them. 

For suppose a single man who is very laborious, cultivates 2 Acres 
(which is all he can do) in one year, a considerable part of these 2 
acres bears no corn &c because of the shade of the Trees, possibly also 
the vermin get in and eat it up. But should the corn escape, the 
most he can expect from 2 acres is 20 bushells, the comon produce 
being one with another 15 bushels & a few pease and potatoes. In bad 
seasons nothing is to be expected. Now if this man has a family, he 
eatts all up, if he is single, he yet has so little by the end of the year 
left to sell to others, that it will not purchasse him beer, tools and 
cloaths. For this reason the most industrious man must abandon the 
Colony, for he only runs behind hand while he stays the land not an- 
swering the expence of keeping servants to cultivate it, if he has any. 
Hence the people have left off cultivating, and are grown desperate, 
and in a little time the whole Province must become a desert. 

10. That Col. Oglethorpe had indeed promised when he landed last 
2 shillings bushell to all who should produce corn of their own 
growth, which was too great encouragement, because it might tempt 
Carolina or Pensilvanea to run in corn, which the Planters would pre- 
tend to be their own, & so by fraud obtain that bounty : nevertheless, 
the thought was in itself right and necessary, And if the Trustees 
would grant a shilling bounty after that manner, and continue it till 
the silk manufacture, or perhapps wine came to perfection, w c . h may be 
hoped for in some few years & would prove an exportable comodity, 
he beleived the people would think they had encouragement to stay ; 
but unless this be done, or some other way found to encourage them, 
the Colony must sink, for notwithstanding the 2 shillings p bushell 
promised by Col. Oglethorpe, he did not beleive any would plant they 
are all in so deponding a way : and the more so, because when some 
industrious people had offer'd their corn to M? Jones, to be taken into 
the Publick store, he absolutly refused it. 

11. That what ever we might have been told of the Industry of 
those at Frederica, above the Savannah people, he could assure me 
they were at a Par, and when he was at Frederica, he saw but 4 per- 
sons that had cultivated any thing. But that they and the Scots at 
Darien also were now at a stand. 

12. That Col. Oglethorpe now concerned himself very little with 
y e Civil Affairs of the Colony. 

19 



146 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [October, 

On the 19 Oct. 1T39 Gen? Oglethorpe enclosed to the Trustees an 
Ace* of his charges to the Indian Nation formerly mention'd, and in 
the letter accompanying it explained the articles therein contained. 

1. That being dissappointed of buying horses for that journey, and 
obliged to hire, as also to buy goods for presents in the Indian nation 
of the traders there settled, his expence was the dearer for it, tho he 
managed as frugally as possible. 

2. That he had lent of the Trustees money to M? Kent 20£. that 
this gentleman is a young man of great worth & merit, whose father 
now living was Member for Reading. That he has a fine Tract of land 
at Fort Augusta, and has the best notion of Improving, of any Man in 
the Province. 

3. That he had also lent 12<£ of the Trustees money by way of loan 
in Cattel to one Overstreet an industrious man with a wife & 6 chil- 
dren who is settled at Augusta, by the milk of which cows he would 
be able to maintain his family. 

4. That he had given 5£ for assistance to the Cattle hunters, who 
with that small assistance, under Cap* Cuthberts conduct cut a path 
thro" the woods (which were before unpassable) 60 miles on our side 
the Savannah River, from Augusta to the Uchee town. 

5. That the whole of this Account with the presents amounted to 
684£.10.2 out of which 123.9.4* he discharged from the Trustees to 
his own Acc^ being the expences of himself and family : so that the 
Trustees charge is 561. 0.9*. 

6. That having drawn 200 £ to pay for horses, which he could not 
get at a reasonable price, he had advanced part thereof to butchers & 
drovers of Savannah to furnish provisions to the Inhabitants & Ships, 
who were to repay the same as money came in. 

7. That he had also p? Camuche the silk man 40 £ on Ace*, he hav- 
ing a demand on the Trustees. 

8. That he had paid 63 £ to M? Tho. Jones to discharge debts, of 
w c . h one debt was to the Garison at Augusta. 

9. That Cap* Macpherson of the Rangers having a considerable de- 
mand on the Trustees, and being in distress, he had advanced him 
61.4.0. 

10. That he had further advanced M? Tho. Jones 50£ to buy pro- 
visions. 

11. That he had drawn bills on us payable to M T . Tho. Jones on 
Ace*, of presents to the Indians, for 107.9.0 : 100£. and 20£. 

12. That the Cherokee Indians having lost their harvest, he had 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 147 

supply 'd them with 1500 bushells of corn bought at Augusta, w c . h cost 
107.10.0 at 18d p bushell, and paid the money to Mv Joues to answer 
that demand. 

13. That when he last arrived there was a damp upon planting, 
and every thing else : But they were now much mended. That he 
was obliged to encourage planting and found it very difficult to per- 
suade any one near the town to do it, which obliged him to promise a 
bounty of 2 shill. p bushell on Indian corn & pease, & one shill. p 
bushell on potatoes, in hopes of which some had planted, & had large 
crops : but this bounty only extended to the district of Savannah. 

14. That the Ebenezar people were contented with 1 shill. p bushell, 
& that only on corn & pease. What the sums would arise to he could 
not judge, but he supposed a good deal of the bounty would be paid 
by setting off some of the debts due to the stores. 

15. That he had drawn for 150^6 left in M 1 . Jones's hands for this 
purpose. 

16. That he should lend M. 1 . Burnside 40 <£ upon Cattel, to enable 
him to buy the same in Carolina. That this sum & 40,£ more (in all 
80 <£) for like purposes, he had left in M. T - Jones's hands, and drawn 
upon us for the said 80 £. 

17. That with all this, he had made no encrease of this years ex- 
pences, nor nothing exceeding our Estimate, therefore he hoped the 
Trustees would pay his bills. 

18. That to encourage the people in planting, it would be necessary 
to give next year a bounty of 1 shill? p bushell on corn. 

19. And he had promised 4 shillings p pound on silk balls. 

On the 20 Oct. (the following day) Gen 1 . Oglethorpe wrote to the 
Trustees 

1. That our printed answer to the Representation from Savannah, 
and Order relating to Negroes was arrived there & published, and had 
a very good effect It had in a great measure quell'd the troublesome 
spirit : D 1 - Tailfer and other idle walkers were preparing to leave the 
Colony upon it. 

2. But several industrious people were settling, and that week 7 or 
8 lotts had been taken up. 

3. That our Estimate for the establishment this year fell very short : 
the provision for the silk far from sufficient to carry it on. No pro- 
vision made for Magistrates and Constables at Augusta, nor Tything 
Men for Savannah. Nor for Agents in the Indian Country. Nor for 



148 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [October, 

Tything Men in the Out Vilages of Hampstead, Highgate, Skidaway 
& Abercorn, therefore probably those out Vilages would go away for 
want of Officers to preserve the Peace. 

NB I admire where he could think we could find money for all 
these purposes ; Or how he could imagine the Parliam* would pay 
Sallary's to such inferior Officers for supporting the Civil affairs of the 
Colony, for if once allow'd, they must have been continued. 

4. That neither had our Estimate allow'd provision for Tything 
men at Ebenezar. 

5. That the Trustees have had several servants at Darien under 
direction of M? Moor Macintosh, which not only earn their own bread, 
but have furnish'd the Trust with such quantities of saw'd stuff, as has 
saved them a great deal of money. That these serve only under a 
person that understands the highland language, and therefore Macin- 
tosh must be continued Overseer of them. And as to Frederica, there 
is very little service for Trust servants there, except about the store, 
and therefore no occasion for an Overseer over them. 

6. That there are other absolute necessary expences, but he knew 
the Trustees can not exceed a certain sum, tho the Colony will suffer 
for want of them. 

7. That he beleived 5000 £ would have done if no War had hap- 
pen'd, but he feard it would not do now, after having given such large 
Sallaries w c . h cannot now be reduced. 

8. He observed there was no encouragement given for vinyards in 
our Estimate, no bounty upon corn, no food to encourage young Plant- 
ers, nor provisions for servants out of their time. 

9. That the 500<£ allow'd for a years contingencies should go as far 
as he could make it, but would nothing near answer the necessary 
Services. 

10. That 2 Services are absolutly necessary, without which they 
will be utterly destroyed, and therefore he would venture upon them, 
viz. a Troop of Rangers, and pay for those who head the Indians. 
That if the Trustees think they have not power to pay them, he hoped 
they would lay them before the Parliament, and procure a general 
sum for those purposes. 

11. He was obliged also to keep up a garison of 10 men at Augusta, 
& Ensign Ketson being drown'd with the 1. party he sent, he could 
not spare men from his Regiment for that purpose. 

12. He had also kept one Agent in the Creek, and one in the Cheri- 
kee nation with an appointment of 30£ a year for themselves, & 2i£ 
for a servant, and to find themselves food. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 149 

13. That M? Williamson being gone to Charlestown, M T . Christie 
could not leave the Recorders Office, and consequently not succeed 
M T . Parker, who having left off drinking, and behaving now well, it 
was thought advisable to continue him, and accordingly he has done 
so, till our further Orders. 

14. That all is quiet, & the whole Province wears a much better 
face than when he arrived. 

15. That Georgia has been very healthy this year, the fatal Rum 
fever not having reach'd it from Charlestown : & he beleived there 
were not died 5 men out of the 5 Companies quarterd in the Province. 

On the 26. October 1739 The Saltsburgers of Ebenezar wrote a 
gratefull acknowledgment to God & their benefactors for the good 
Situation they wei'e in. The Society for promoting Christian knowl- 
edge afterwards order'd it to be printed. 

On the 27^ Oct b . r MT Tho. Jeny's of Charlton wrote to the Trus- 
tees, that he had sent his Ace* 8 to be examin'd by our Comissioners 
of Ace 1 . 3 at Savannah. He thank'd us for ordering payment of what 
we thought was due, and said the difference between his Ace* & MT 
Causton's, lay in the latters charging him double with 2 bills sent 
him, and with 2 certificates never sent him. 

He wish'd Gen! Oglethorpes power had been more extensive than 
the Governm? of Carolina understood it, for then they might have 
been ready to have attack'd Augustine, & removed that thorn out of 
their sides. 

On the 2 November arrived the letters of the 4'. h July, 5*. h and l&h 
from Gen! Oglethorpe, mention'd fol. [119, 122, 125]. 

1. With those letters came MT Auspurger our Surveyor at Frederica, 
who return'd to Europe in order to carry back some of his Country 
men, Swiss. 

2. He spoke very advantageously of the Colony. 

3. Said he eat some grapes at Savannah in July, as fine as can be 
seen, and he beleived they would make the best Vidonia wine. 

4. He brought with him 12<£. of extroardinary good silk, and said 
there had been more of it, but that a multitude of worms died by put- 
ting them into the place where our sick people were kept. 

The 5'? 1 Nov b . r MT Tho. Stephens made me a second visit, in which 



150 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

he open'd his mind more freely, and discover'd a bitter spirit against 
Col. Oglethorpe and M? Tho. Jones. 

1. He began with expressing his concern that M? Tho. Jones was 
made 3? Bailif, and Master of the Trust Servants, who is so hated for 
his violence & fear'd, that if continued in that Post, the Colony would 
break up. 

I told him MT Jones was but just made Bailif, & we could not re- 
move him till we found he deserved it. He reply'd, what if I prove 
him a bad man upon my knowledge & Oath ? I said that would 
stagger me, but could not say what others would think of it. 

2. He desired to know to whom the 2500£ bills last sent was en- 
trusted ? I reply'd to MT Stephens his father, MT Jones, & MT Christie 
or any two of them. Then (said he) if M? Christie and M? Jones 
should joyn together, they may issue them to contrary purposes from 
what your estimate design'd them for, and there is reason (added he) 
to fear it ; for Christie is a man who for half a crown will do any 
thing, & Jones will gain him to do his pleasure. I reply'd Jones 
had given 1000,£ Security of his own money to behave well. 

3. He then said the Colony was in a miserable condition, & without 
help would be abandon'd by all but the Regiment and Trust servants, 
I ask'd him what help he proposed ? He answer'd the buying up all 
the 5 acre Lotts in Savannah that had been cultivated, and reasuming 
all that had not, being forfeited by the Owners because not improved 
by them according to the condition of their grants. That when the 
Trustees were thus possest of them, they might lay those 5 acre lotts 
in a proper manner together, & return them again to the people to 
cultivate in comon ; whereas they are now discouraged from doing 
any thing, by reason the trees on the uncultivated lotts, so shade the 
others begun to be cultivated, that a 5 acre lott produces grain on no 
more than three, besides that the vermin destroy their plantations. 

I said this was only putting money into the peoples pockets, who 
would afterwards run away. He answer'd we might oblige them to 
work on their 45 acre lotts. 

I reply'd twas too late to talk of binding men to work, when run 
out of the Colony, that if they stay'd, there was no oblijing them to 
cultivate if refractory ; we might indeed make them enter into new 
Covenants, but their former Covenants shew'd that method had no 
force on idle folks, and other method there was none, for they were 
not able to give Security. That as to working in comon as the Salts- 
burgers had done, is a thing to be wish'd & the thing had been rec- 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 151 

omend to the first setlers, & by some tryed, but experience shew'd it 
would not succeed with the English. Besides tho the Trustees have 
power to reasume lotts forfeited for not being cultivated, yet it would 
be going to the utmost, & summum jus was suma injuria. To do it 
partially by same would not be equall procedure, and to do it by all 
would be very hard the peoples circumstances, health, abilities &c 
being not the same in all. I would therefore induce the Inhabitants 
to work by milder means. Again, if what he told me be true, that 
the most industrious Improver loses by all his labour, the land not 
paying above 40 shillings a year, towards the charge of a servant 
which cost's 8£, how could working in comon be a means to support 
the Province, and invite the poor people to labour ? 

I added that I thought .Col. Oglethorpes bounty promised of 2 
shill? p bushell was sufficient inducement to the people to plant. 

He answer'd, they had no confidence they should be paid that pre- 
mium, for at the time the harvest comes in, Col. Oglethorpe would be 
in the Indian Nation 500 miles off, and having left no Comissioners to 
view the Corn on the ground, it would be brought into the peoples 
houses before his return, and then for want of a due certificate that 
their corn was actually their own growth, MT Jones the storekeeper 
(if yet he acts as such) would refuse them the premium. 

I said that was a hard thought of MT Jones's concern for MT Ogle- 
thorpes honour, or for the good of the Colony, which I could not think 
he would so far abuse and distress in a matter where his own Interest 
was not concerned. 

4. We then discoursed of the late attempt to have Negroes. He 
said the Inhabitants of Darien, Ebenezar & Frederica who had remon- 
strated against Negroes were all in their hearts for having them, but 
they had been practiced on to act as they did, and M? Cuthbert Cap* of 
the Rangers threaten'd to be turn'd out unless he sign'd, which he so 
repented of, that he wish'd his hand had been off when he did it. 

I said he had better have wish'd his tongue out, for he had not only 
sign'd but made an affidavit. But I supposed (he MT Stephens) had 
this only by report, being unwilling to think so ill of any man as that 
he would knowingly perjure himself ; and as to the rest being prac- 
ticed on to remonstrate against Negroes, the arguments urged by them 
were very strong, & seem'd to come from persons much in earnest, & 
there was good reason to beleive it, because if Negroes were necessary 
to help them to subsist, they could be no other than fools wilfully blind 
to oppose the means that should help them to subsist. 



152 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

5. He then said be had read our answer to that Representation for 
Negroes, and that it was not look'd on as satisfactory : that the people 
also disliked the terms of alterations made in their tenures, tho pre- 
tended to be an enlargement of favour to them, for they found no 
more in them than what the Trustees had already granted to par- 
ticular persons when desired ; the thing wanted & expected, and rea- 
sonable, just and necessary was that every Man might have power to 
sell and alienate when and how he thought fit, whereas by our late 
alteration of the Tenure, they are only allow'd the liberty of bequeath- 
ing their estate to whom they please having no issue or heirs of their 
own, but are still bound down to give it in Tail Male. 

I told him I perceived he was for putting the Colony on the same 
foot with all others in America, and had quite different sentiments 
from his father, who was a wise Man. That we would never suffer 
the peoples property to become a bubble in Exchange Alley, that 
Parents in Georgia should wrong their children, which would often 
be the case if the Inhabitants were permitted to sell without any 
restraint. That the idle man would begger his family, and the rogue 
defraud his purchasser. That we were Trustees for the people, and 
that his father had wrote that the people were pleased with what we 
had done, and well satisfied. That if what he wish'd were granted, 
3 parts in four of them would probably quit the Colony, that being 
the proportion of the idle to the industrious, and the purchassing the 

5 acre lotts would only invite the poor folks Creditors to fall on them, 

6 strip them of that little they received for their lands, whereby being 
reduced to beggary even those who would be willing to remain & 
labour, would thr6 necessity be obliged to go. 

The same day (5 Nov b . r ) arrived Robert Williams the principal pro- 
moter of the Representation for Negroes from Savannah : 

Also arrived Col. Oglethorpes Ace* of his disbursments from 22 
Sept. 1738 to the 23 June 1739 (mention'd fol. [122]) with his re- 
marks and explanation on every article. In which 9 months time it 
appeard he had disburs'd 2287.2.4J, besides divers loans to the In- 
habitants amounting to 450.17.0 more. 

1. What I most disliked was the great number of boats he enter- 
tain'd alledging they are absolutly necessary, which if yeilded to 
would quite destroy our Estimate, and exceeded our ability to defray. 

2. It was also very ungratefull news to hear that the Scots at Darien 
cannot subsist by their culture of land, but had turn'd them selves to 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 153 

the keeping of Cattel, for which purpose he had lent them 200<£ of the 
Trustees money ; for from hence I concluded that were it not for the 
neighborhood of the Regiment, they would break up : They were 
already indebted to the Trust, and tho they had given Col. Oglethorpe 
Security to repay this 200^6, yet experience shew'd that it was as good 
to give the people of the Province, the moneys advanced them as to 
lend it to them, all such sums having never been repaid, except by the 
Moravians. 

3. Among these packets came a petition from John Carwell Deputy 
Survey under M? Auspurger, desiring the Trustees to send his son over 
to him from Cork. 

4. Came also a Copy of Col. Oglethorpes agreement w*. h Bailif Parker 
& John Lyndal, the Pindar for driving up out of the woods & securing 
the Trustees cattel, which are said to be 1000 or 1400. An agreement 
might be necessary but I thought it a very high one, and this was the 
first time we heard of any such made. Mr Parker was to have 5 shill? 
p head for keeping them a year and driving them up & branding with 
the Trustees mark, but if the Pindar drove them up, then Parker was 
to have 3 shillings. 

That the Pindar should have 5 shillings for the Cattel he drove up 
if belonging to the Trustees, and 4 shill g . s if belonging to the people, 
besides 1 shillf for cutting, & 1 for branding, with liberty to distrain 
on their calves for the same. That he should keep a book to enter all 
the Cattel of Savannah in and receive the usual Fee. 

This multiplying our Cattel, which often were totally lost in the 
swamps, and frequent new purchasse of new heards, when at the same 
time no use was made of them, and so heavy a charge to recover and 
preserve those which strayed I judged a very unprofitable expence, 
and such as totally disorderd our Estimate : and so did other Gentle- 
men of the Trust to whom I comunicated my mind : and were of 
opinion it were better to dispose of them gratis to the Inhabitants, so 
to be rid of them & the expence attending them. 

14. Novemb r . 18. [Present,] Avers Rob', P., Egmont, Hales Steven, Lapotre Hen., 
Smith Sam!, Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson Ad™, T. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to receive Reports from the Comit- 
tees of Accompts of Satturday 10 inst* To examine the Receipts and 
payments for the year end? 9. June last, and also to hear the letters 
read lately received with the Raw silk from Georgia. But we were 
not a board. 

20 



154 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

1. One would have thought curiosity would have brought more 
gentlemen down, but too many were grown careless for the Colony 
on various Ace 1 ? which being observed abroad, brought us under con- 
tempt. Some dispair'd of the Colony's ever coming to good, others 
apprehended the artfull clamours raised against us, and being at long 
run call'd on by Parliam* Others again seeing the Ministry not cor- 
dial temporized with him : Others thought to please the contrary 
party, whose friendship was lost by the greater number of our Mem- 
bers who were in Parliam' voting for ST Roberts measures, others were 
naturally indolent, and others fear'd Col. Oglethorpe would plunge the 
Trustees in debt, who is no Oeconomist, and not suffer their frugal 
measures to be obey'd. 

2. MT Vernon acquainted us, that the Board of Trade had reported 
back to the L^ s of the Council their opinion upon our draft of a Pilot 
Act, to which they had no objection, but they knew not but the other 
Colonies might, wherefore they thought it fit our Act should be only 
temporary : to which the Council board agreed, if we had no objection 
thereto. He added, that being then Clerk of the Council in waiting, 
and known to be a Trustee, their Lordships ask'd him his opinion, to 
which he reply'd that he thought we would be contented with making 
the Act temporal. 

3. A letter from M 1 . Carcasse Sec? to the Coinissioners of the Cus- 
toms to our Accomptf was read, requiring the Trustees to name the 
persons they design'd to be Collector, Comptroller, Searcher, & . . . . 
of our Province, & requiring 500,£ security from each except 200<£ only 
from the Searcher, to be by bond enter'd with one of the Clerks of the 
Customs in England. 

We thought it more proper that the security should be given in 
America, and order'd M? Verelts to discourse My Verelts thereon. 

4. Read the letters of MF Fallowfeild and MT Patrick Grant, the 
one Naval Officer at Savannah, the other Collector & Searcher at 
S* Simons, dat. 14 July last, acquainting us that Spanish sugars had 
lately been imported into Georgia, which ought to pay duty to the 
king, but they wanted direction & power how to proceed therein. 

This matter relating to the naming the Officers on which MF Verelts 
was order'd to discourse Mr Carcasse, we defer'd consideration of this 
subject till the other should be determin'd. 

5. M? Rob! Williams attended to know our resolution concerning 
his application to be repay'd a considerable sum of money due to him 
as he alledged for goods he supply'd Mr Causton with, and which the 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 155 

latter confest to have received not withstanding his known orders to 
receive none after that manner. 

We desired him to attend next fryday, being at present not a board 
of Comon Council wherein such matters must be consider'd. 

6. We resolv'd to reconsider the Pilot Act. 

7. We seal'd a duplicate of our Grant to M T . Macleod of 300 Acres, 
to be kept by the Incorporate Society of Scotland. 

Same day. 19. [Present,] Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., C. C. 
1. Before the rest of the Gentlemen met, we as a Comittee prepared 
the Annual Ace* of Recp*. 8 & disbursm*. 3 end? 9. June 1739 (see Fol. 
[107]) which we finish'd after examining the Vouchers. 

This 14 Nov b . r 1739, we dining together, M? 1 Auspurger Surveyor at 
Frederica, came in the afternoon to us. 

1. his design was to go to Beam in Swisserland to settle some 
affairs there and then return to Frederica. 

2. He presented a petition for a grant of 500 acres in an Island to 
the East of Frederica, where he intended to settle. 

3. He desired at the same time liberty to make use of Negroes, & 
if he should think fit to sell his land. 

4. We told him we should make no difficulty of granting the land 
he desired, but as to Negroes and liberty to sell we would not give it. 
This only we would promise, that if ever Negroes should be allow'd, 
he should be one of the first that had them. 

He seem'd satisfied, but said Negroes would be an advantage to the 
Colony, and might be allow'd cautiously, as suppose no more than 
an equal number to the Whites, whereby there would be no danger of 
their rising, and cutting their Masters throats. 

5. He told us there are about 40 families at Darien, and about 60 at 
Frederica. 

6. That those at Darien seem'd to be easie when he saw them last, 
but he heard afterwards when at New York in his way to England, 
that an Agent was gone to this last mention'd Province, to see whether 
they could not have lands there : that there was an Island in a swamp 
Eastward of Darien to which they desired to remove, (their present 
town being situated on a bluff of Pine barren almost 100 feet high, 
having at the end of their town lots only about 24 feet square of good 
ground) but Col. Oglethorpe would not suffer it. 

7. That the people tho industrious, and th6 they should raise more 



156 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

corn than they can eat, are still unable to buy cloaths & other neces- 
saries, and therefore must all have some encouragement from the Trus- 
tees ; That they slacken in their Industry because their labours do not 
maintain them : and have planted no mulberry trees, alledging they 
know nothing of that business. 

8. That he knew but of 4 persons in Frederica, who had quitted the 
Colony on shutting up the stores, and he named 7 who had made very 
good Improvments. 

NB. MT Tho. Stephens who had been there, told me that but 4 had 
cultivated there. 

9. That there is good water in the Island S* Simons, and at Fred- 
erica and he wonder'd we should be otherwise inform'd. 

NB. M? Tho. Stephens so inform'd us. 

10. That the Darien is defended by 10 Canon, Frederica by 15, and 
Fort S* Andrew by ten. 

11. That Calwell the Deputy Surveyor at Frederica, is diligent, & 
sufficiently knowing in his business. 

12. He presented us a large Map of Frederica, Darien, & Col. 
Oglethorpe's Camp, which th6 but a rough draft, gave us great light 
into the situation of the Country, and the Rivers & Swamps belonging 
thereto. 

16. Nov* 20. [Present,] Digby Edw*, Egmont, Hales Stev., Lapotre Hen., LaRocb 
J?, Cb., Smitb Sam!, L* Tirconnel, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumond to receive Comittees of Ace*? Re- 
ports, and to do the business appointed for last Wednesday when but 
six attended. 

1. Report was made from the Comittee of Ace*. 3 that met the 14. 
ins* That MT Robert Williams attended, and laid before them a bill 
certified by M? Causton when Magistrate & Store keeper, amounting 
to 587.13.0 as due to said Williams 20. Aug 3 * 1738 being for provisions 
and necessaries received by said Causton on Ace* of the Trustees, which 
bill being denied payment by M? Tho. Jones who succeeded in the 
store keepers place, Williams had made protest thereon. That when 
that bill arrived, the Trustees had also refused payment until the same 
should be examin'd by the Comissioners of Ace*? in Georgia. That 
Williams made a demand on the Trustees for the charges of the pro- 
test, for Interest &c. That in his Acc*. s there were other charges for- 
eign to that certified bill. That My Caustons bill was certified by him 
after he had orders to certifie no more, & had rec*? those orders, all 




1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 157 

which the Comittee reported specially, not giving their advice therein, 
but submitting to the Comon Council's pleasure, what to do therein. 

Resolv'd that the sum of 88.2.1l£ for damage on Ace? of said pro- 
test, 48.19.4^ for Interest on the same, and 15.6 for cost be disallowed ; 
but that 587.13.0 be paid to Mf Williams on MF Papilion and Ball's 
giving security for repayment of such part thereof as shall be dis al- 
low'd by the Comissioners in Georgia, appointed to state the debts of 
the Colony. That 80.7.8| and 6.1.6 and 40.0.0 charged for inspecting 
the labourers on the Publick Roads, for 12 months paying them &c 
And Interest for 100£ advane'd wages, giving Credit for 58.15.8 re- 
ceived from the stores, be refer'd to the Comissioners in Georgia to 
examine & make report on to the Board. 

2. The same Comittee reported, That they had examin'd the An- 
nual Ace* from 9*? June 1738 to 9 June 1739, and found the ballance 
then remaining to be 2352.5.9, which sum the Accomp* at the Bank 
has certified to be in their hands. 

3. Resolv'd that any 3 of the Comon Council, be empowerd to read 
over the Gen! Ace? and exhibite the same to the YA Chancy &c pursuant 
to the Charter ; and that after it is presented, 100 Copies of it be 
printed. 

4. Order'd that the 710<£ sola bills return'd by Col. Oglethorpe un- 
issued, be examined and cancell'd in the presence of 3 of the Comon 
Council, and that the said sum be reimburs'd the Col? he having with 
his own bills undertaken to defray the expences for which the said 
sola bills were sent. 

4. Order'd that all Gen? Oglethorpes letters & Acc ts of payments 
made by his order and with his Cash by the hands of Tho? Moor, from 
22 Sept. 1738 to 20 June 1739, be refer'd to a Comittee of Ace* 8 to 
examine and report thereon. 

5. Draft order'd on the Bank for 1297.13.0 to answer Col. Ogle- 
thorpes bills and pay Rob* Williams what was this day resolved, but 
not imprest till y? 18*? 1 

6. Read M? Spangenberg's memorial setting forth that a Town lot 
and 50 acres was granted to him on his conducting over the Moravian 
brethren : and as they had built a house on his town lot, & cleard a 
good part of his land, he desired leave to give his lot and land to their 
Society, under the name of the person who shall be their Elder from 
time to time and who at present is Anthony Seiffart, for the use of 
the Moravians for ever. 

Also that J? Hagan a Moravian is going to Georgia at his own ex- 
pence with their leave. 



158 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

Resolv'd that both requests be granted. 

7. Read M T . Samuel Auspurgers petition for a due Title to about 
500 acres of land he now is occupying : that he may have absolute 
right thereto : be allow'd the use of 2 Negroes to 1 white man : with 
liberty to so sell at his pleasure, and 10 years imunity from taxes or 
Rents to begin from the date of his Grant. 

Resolv'd that he should have a grant, but no Negroes : and he went 
away well satisfied. 

8. Read a petition from M? Tho. Stephens, setting forth that he 
arrived in Georgia 21 Dec. 1737, & continued there till 3. August last 
in the service of the Trust under his father : when on account of ill 
health he return'd to England. But being now restored he proposed 
to return to Georgia, and desired he might have consideration for his 
past services. 

Resolv'd that 50 £ be paid him. 

NB. in this petition he imposed on the Trustees in two respects : for 
it was not ill health that brought him from Georgia, but resentment 
ag s * Col. Oglethorpe & My Tho. Jones, and to overturn the Constitu- 
tion of the Province : and as to returning to Georgia, he never design'd 
it till he had effected that purpose, as he afterwards own'd to me him- 
self. Tis certain his vanity & obstinacy on that head, and his blasting 
Gen? Oglethorpes character, to do which he represented y e Colony as 
totally undone by his means, did us that time & continues to do us in- 
finite prejudice. 

9. Read John Calwels petition that we would by the first oppor- 
tunity send him his child from Corke, he paying all charges. 

The same was granted. 

10. Resolv'd that the petition of Mess 1 '. 8 Sterling and Grant for leave 
to settle on an Island there to ra\se Cattle: 

11. as also the petition of Rebecca Cheesright be referrd to a Com- 
mittee of Correspondence. 

16 Nov^ r 1739. 1. Col. Oglethorpe wrote to us, that the Spaniards 
had fallen on the Island Amelia, and kill'd 2 unarm'd sick men, and 
cruelly mangled their bodies, but on sight of one of our boats retired. 

2. That a number of scout boats is absolutly necessary. 

3. That the Spanish launch boats from Augustine can run into al- 
most all the Inletts in our Province, and tis absolutly necessary we 
shoul'd apply to Parliament for at least 5 Ten oar'd boats, & a Troop 
of Rangers, otherwise tis impossible the people can go on to plant 
without being murder'd as the 2 highlanders were. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 159 

4. That the French had attack'd the Carolina Indians, and the 
Spaniards invaded us, and he wish'd it might not be resolv'd between 
them to root the English out of America: But he & the Inhabitants 
were resolv'd to die hard, and would not lose one inch of ground with- 
out fighting. 

5. Yet they could not do impossibilities : they had no cannon from 
the king, nor any others but some small Iron guns bought by the 
Trust ; they had very little powder, no horse for marching, and very 
few boats, and no Fund for paying the Men but of one boat, whereas 
the Spaniards had a number of launches, horse, & a fine Train of Ar- 
tillery well provided of all stores. 

6. That he thought the best expedient was for to strike first, & as 
his Strength consisted in Men, and the Inhabitants as well as the Sol- 
diers handle well their Arms, and were desirous of Action, to endeour 
to beat the Spaniards out of the feild, destroy their plantations and 
Out Settlements, and form the Seige of Augustine, if he could get Ar- 
tillery. 

7. That it is impossible to keep the Province or Carolina, without 
destroying Augustine, or keeping Rangers & scout boats to restrain 
their nimble Parties, he therefore was obliged again to insist, that we 
would apply for an establishment of 4 Ten oar'd boats to the South- 
ward, and One at Savannah, a small train of Artillery, some gunners, 
and at least 400 barrils of Canon powder, 100 barrils of Musket pow- 
der, & bullets proportionable. 

8. That he was fortifying the town of Frederica, & hoped he should 
be repay'd the Expences, but from whom he did not know. 

9. That Mf Williamson who was gone to settle at Charlestown, 
hearing we had appointed him Recorder with a Sallary, return'd to Sa- 
vannah, but would not bring his family back, till sworn into the Office, 
and insisted that the Magistrates Employments ought to be held dur- 
ing good beha\iour, that the Trustees might not turn them out pre- 
cipitatly. That it were better to encourage him fix at Charlestown 
where he is liked, than bury him in Savahah, where the whole town 
can hardly pay the charge of One Chancery Suit. 

10. That Col. Stephens thought he could not deliver him his con- 
stitution till he had conform'd thereto. 

11. That all things were very quiet with the New Magistrates, & he 
beleiv'd would continue so, if the Court remain'd as it is : alterations 
might hurt unless it were to change Mf Christie for Mf Pye, a very 
industrious young Man, a good Schollar, honest, sober, & no Atturney. 



160 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

19 Nov*: 21. [Present,] Digby Edw?, Egmont, LaRoche J?, Smith Sam., L? Tir- 
connel, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comittee met, as appointed the 16*. h ins* to make report on the 
letters then refer'd to them. 

1. We read Col. Oglethorpes letters of the 6. & 16 July (see Fol. 
[122, 125]) and drew up heads for an answer. 

2. A long debate arose among us whether new & better land 
should not be granted to the Inhabitants of the Province who are at 
present settled on Pine barren soil. M? Vernon moved & prest it 
with great warmth and it was carry'd to take down a memorandum of 
it, for further consideration. He was for giving them land on the 
Islands, which hitherto had been reserved. M? Smith & I said it would 
be breaking up the town, and that our Intention in reserving the Isl- 
ands had all along been to support a Civil Magistracy & a Governour, 
when the proper time came to apply them to that use. But the other 
Gentlemen said the first care to be taken was that the people should 
be able to support themselves ; and the Magistracy & GovF was a future 
consideration, which the Crown must look to. 

3. Our Accomp* reported to us, that if ST Rob? Walpole could be 
prevail'd on to put into the list of services incurr'd 2000 £ (being 
money of the Trust expended by Col. Cochrane &c on the military 
Ace' of the Colony) then the money remaining in our hands with 
2000<£ to be granted by Parliament the approaching session, would be 
sufficient to answer the Colonies expences till Lady day 1740. 

22 Nov. 1739, Mr Tho. Causton wrote to the Trustees a justifica- 
tion of himself contain'd in many sheets of paper, charging Col. Ogle- 
thorpe, to be the cause of most , of them expences, together with his 
want of orders how to act, and the distress of the people. He desired 
a power might be granted him to be present when the Comissioners 
examine his Accounts, which has been deny'd him : and that Indiffer- 
ent persons might be appointed to examine them. He complain'd 
much of Mr Tho. Jones malice to him, and arbitrary procedure, and 
subjoyn'd to his Memorial an abstract of his Accounts ; 

There is an article of 5998.16.2 lent by him to the Inhabitants, for 
which he had no orders, and of which I dispair of seeing any thing 
repay 'd. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 161 

24. NovT 22. [Present,] Archer Hen., Beauclerc L? Sidney, Lapotre Hen., La- 
Roche J°, L* Tirconnel, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

The Comittee met again to proceed on the matters refer'd to them, 
to finish a letter to Col. Oglethorpe, & examine the Ace! of disburs- 
ements in Georgia lately received. 

I could not attend, being confind by the Flux. 

1. They prepared a letter to Gen 1 . Oglethorpe, which being brought 
to me at night, I was much displeased at the sharpness with which it 
was pen'd, and alter'd it in many places to make it more acceptable to 
him, without losing the Ends proposed by it. But even thus alter'd, 
I was sure the Gen? would be sorely displeas'd with us, tho hardly 
more than our Gentlemen were now, and had been for some time with 
him, thinking he lavish'd away their money, and was the cause why 
their Orders were not obey'd in Georgia. The examination of the 
Ace' of disbursments in Georgia requiring more time than the gen- 
tlemen could this day afford, was postponed. 

24 Nov b . r 1739. This day M? Tho. Stephens deliver'd to the Com- 
mittee a paper containing his thoughts for the most effectually culti- 
vating the lands of Georgia. The sum of which was 

1. To grant the people a fee simple in their lands with liberty to 
alienate. 

2. To allow them the use of Negroes. 

3. A change of Magistrates. 

To support this last, he gave the following characters : viz. 

4. That when Mr Tho. Jones was made store keeper, and orders 
sent to three persons to issue them & Cash, or any two of them, he 
would admit of no controul, but denied sustenance to some whilst 
others less deserving were well fed. That he denied M? Parker the 
sustenance provided for his servants by our Estimate, as also the Italian 
family, employ'd in the publick garden, and bid them go to hell. That 
all his Actions tend to an arbitrary sway, of a high spirit, & more given 
to gratify his own will than govern according to law or justice. That 
he sets the Trustees at nought, and talks as if the Trustees & the 
General were at variance : and said he had nothing to do with the 
Trustees, if he had the Gen 1 ? hand for what he did. That he had 
often said to the people they must have Negroes, and would write to 
them the necessity of their having them. That he ridicules not only 
the Ministers Doctrine but the Service of the church. 

5. Of M? Fallowfeild he said, that he was hasty & violent in his 

21 



162 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

proceedings, had no mercy for the afflicted : had said upon taking up 
MT Causton, that he hoped to seize his Plantation next week. Also that 
he own'd, he should not scruple to do an unlawfull thing for a person 
willing & able to defend him. That there was no reason for his strik- 
ing the German that died. That he frequents no place of Publick 
Worship, but professes himself a Quaker, which makes him unfit to 
qualify as a Magistrate. 

6. That MT Christie is a very unsteady Man, has a confused head, 
and had owned he made 100<£ a year of his Recordership. That he 
committed last year one Martin at Jones's instigation no man knew for 
what, and after keeping him 4 months in jayl discharged him no body 
knew how. That he said when M? Causton was so absolute, that he 
must do as he was bid, or Mf Causton would shut the stores ag 8t him, 
as once he did for differing with him in opinion in a case of justice. 
Lastty that he was an ignorant man as his Records shew'd. 

7. Of M? Tho. Hawkins 1. Magistrate of Frederica fell as short in 
his character as the rest. That he once said to the Jury on the Tryal 
of Bland, he would accept of no verdict for the prisoner, for his bread 
depended on it. That he wrote a mittimus to send 10 men to jayl, he 
did not know for what. 

8. He then exposed the Colony to be in a miserable condition, & 
tired out with arbitrary Goverment : all willing to go away, but too 
many unable to go or stay. 

9. That none care to cultivate their lands because of their Tenure 
and that they daughters may not in herit, that the hutts and planta- 
tions of the Trustees servants encroach'd on the Comon belonging to 
the Freeholders, and those of Frederica complain the Trustees have 
taken their Comon away. 

10. That our answer to the Representation from Savannah contain'd 
many untruths, by things not being fairly represented to us : 

11. That the whole people would have sign'd that Representation 
if allow'd, & those who made a Counter representation were practiced 
upon so to do. 

26. Nov*? 23. [Present,] Egmont, Smith Sam!, Lapotre Hen., C. C. 
I being still confin'd, the Comittee met again at my house, but we 
were only three. We examin'd Col. Oglethorpes Ace* of disburs- 
ments in Georgia, and made our observations thereon, which were to 
be reported the following Wednesday. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 163 

28 Nov h r 24. [Present,] Beauclerc L? Sid., Digby Edw?, Egmont, Hales Steph., 
Ch., Lapotre Hen., LaKouh J?, Smith Sam!, Tracy Rob', C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumond to receive Reports from the Com- 
mittee of Ace*. 3 and Correspondence ; and to consider of rendering an 
Ace? 1 to Parliam* of the money granted last session : and what would 
be necessary to be moved for this Session. 

1. The Comittee of Ace*? that met 24 ins* reported that the Ac- 
compt*. had paid (pursuant to order of Comon Council) to M? Papilion 
& Ball, the order of Rob* and John Williams 587.13.0 in full for pro- 
visions &c certified 20 Aug s * 1738 to have been received in Georgia by 
MT Causton, and had taken Security from said Williams & Ball to the 
Trustees to repay such part as on the Report of the Comissioners in 
Georgia appointed to examine said Ace* should appear to have just ob- 
jection thereto. 

That the said Williams agreed to wave his demand of the 3 follow- 
ing sums, viz. 88.2.11^ for damage for protesting said bills for want of 
orders & effects to pay the same. 48.19.4-^ Interest at 10 p cent on the 
amount of said Ace* from 19 Dec. 1738 to 19* October 1739. And 
0.15.6 for the cost of protests, in consideration of the Trustees allow- 
ing him 40j£ claimed by him for a years inspecting the labourers on 
the publick road in Georgia & his paying them. And that the Trus- 
tees should then pay the ballance of his new Account made out for 
himself and brother amounting to 67.13.6j in full of all demands to 
MT Papilion and Benj. Ball for his use, on their being answerable 
w*. h himself to make good to the Trustees any article thereof which the 
Comissioners shall justly object to. The Comon Council agreed 
thereto. 

2. The Comittee also that met the 16*. h ins*, reported they had ex- 
amin'd the Ace*? sent over by Gen? Oglethorpe to the Trustees, of sun- 
dry disbursments made in Georgia by his Order from 22 Sept. 1738 
to 23 June 1739, w*. h the Vouchers and the Generals explanation in his 
letter to the Trustees dat 5. July last, and had made observations 
thereon, which they deliver'd in writing. 

Order'd that the said observations be sent to Col. Oglethorp by the 
Secretary, the same being approved by the Comon Council. 

3. Resolv'd that a draft be made on the Bank to Aid 1 ? Heathcote 
for 1357.4.11, for payment of the above sum 67.13.6^ and 1289.ll.5i- 

4. The Accomp* reported that pursuant to a former Comon Coun- 
cils order 2 drafts on the Bank had been made to Aid? Heathcote, One 
for 300£ 28 Aug 8 * & the other for 500£ 8 Oct b . r last. 

From this time to the 18 Dec b . r I was confined at home by the gout. 



164 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

29 Nov. 1739. 1. Col. Stephens wrote his son, that Gen! Oglethorpe 
had constituted him Comander of the Militia to train & march them 
where should be occasion. 

2. That the Gen! had given him possession of 500 acres on Vernon 
river, part of a Peninsula of 800 acres, and that Mr Mercer held the 
other three hundred. 

30. Nov. 25. [Present,] Beauclerc L? Sidney, Digby Edw. d , LaRocbe J?, Sloper 
Will., Tracy Rob!, Vernon Ja., C. C, Heatbcote S: Will., T. 

A Trustee Board was sumon'd to consider of the Ace! of the appli- 
cation of money granted for Georgia in the last Session of Parliament: 
And of the sum further necessary to be moved for in this session : and 
in what manner it should come before the house, whether by petition 
or by motion. 

This was part of the business to be settled the last Com on Council, 
but the Gentlemen were (as they almost always are) so indifferent 
about the Colony & so late in coming, and so in hast to go away, that 
it was put off, and now, th6 the affair on which they met was of such 
consequence there were but six of the Comon Council attended, and 
some of them not zealously affected. 

1. Being confind by the gout I could not be there, but Mr Verelts 
acquainted me what they did, which in truth was nothing, for they 
only talk'd over the matter how they should apply to Parliament, 
which the greater number were for doing by motion, but as to settling 
the Ace! to be given the Parliam! and the requesite sum to be ask'd, 
they enter'd not on it. 

30*? 1 Nov. 1739 arrived a letter from Col. Oglethorpe dated 5 Sept b . r 
from Augusta, the substance of which see Fol. [137] . 

Also same day arrived MF Stephens journal to the 7. Sept. & his 
letter dat. lO*. 11 wherein he says 

1. That they go on dilligently in settling the Ace! of the Trustees 
debts & Credits to and with particular persons : 

2. That he and M? Tho. Jones are upon better terms than before, 
since the departure of his son for England. 

3. That the news of a change of tenure had good effect in promoting 
the peoples industry to plant. 

4. That there was prospect of a good crop, if the great rains did 
not spoil the Crop which was then in ear. 

5. That the great flouds occasion'd by the rains had destroyed our 
Saw Mill at Old Ebenezar. 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 165 

6. That on occasion of hanging the murderers formerly mention'd, 
70 Freeholders appear'd in arms in Savannah. 

7. That Fevers and agues were very rife, but they had buried only 
one person for some months past. 

2. Dec 1 ! 1 ' 1739 Mf Christie wrote his thanks to the Trustees for ap- 
pointing him First Bailif of Savannah in M? Parkers place, and a 
Comissioner to examine the Publick Ace*. 8 But 

1. That he had not been admitted to take his place, Parker being 
continued not withstanding our Orders. 

2. That he had seen few of our orders obey'd. 

3. That he would in a few days send us a full and ample Ace? of 
such transactions as would surprise us. 

4. That our appointment of Mr Fallowfeild to be a Bailif was very 
agreable to the peoples inclinations. 

5. But they were shock'd at the brutal arbitrary behaviour of M* 
Jones, One instance whereof he refer'd to Mi' Theophilus Hetherington 
(then Foreman of the Grand Jury) to represent to us, wherein one 
Pope was presented for converting to his own use Naval Stores, the 
said Jones acting very partially therein. 

The same 2. Dec 1 ? 1739 Mf Fra. Moore wrote from Frederica to our 
Accomp* that Gen 1 Oglethorpe was gone that night with 200 Men to 
S* Juan's River, to dislodge some Spaniards who had landed, and kill'd 
2 Scots servants belonging to the Inhabitants of Darien. 

5. Decemb: 26. [Present,] Archer Hen., Digby Edw?, Lapotre Hen., Sloper Will., 

P., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumond to consider of Col. Oglethorpes letter 
of the 5* h Sept 1 * which arrived the 30*1* of last month (see Fol. [137]) 
if not necessary to be comunicated to the Sec7 of State, with a repre- 
sentation from the Trustees, And to direct an answer to that and a 
letter from M? Stephens, which answers go away to morrow early to 
Portsmouth, to be put on board the Colchester Man of War. But 
there was not a board. 

1. Read Col. Oglethorpes letter of the 5 Sept b . r above mention'd, 
wherein the ill will of the Indians against Carolina is set forth, and the 
danger that had arisen therefrom, had not the Col. pacified them, all 
proceeding from their being abused by the Carolina Traders, And re- 
solv'd that our Sec? send a copy of that letter to the D. of Newcastle, 



166 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

with a representation of the necessity there is of forwarding an in- 
struction to the L* Gov? of Carolina to recommend to the Council & 
Assembly there to prepare a law relating to the trade of the Indians 
whilst Col. Oglethorpe continues in America, which may preserve the 
peace w*? 1 the Indians, and for the mutual benefit & satisfaction of both 
Provinces. 

2. Read & approved a letter to Mf Stephens, & to Col! Oglethorpe. 

NB. The letter here mention'd to Col. Oglethorpe is the same I 
spoke of before to be too harsh, and which I put in softer terms ; yet 
soft as it was, it much displeased him, as did our observations on his 
Ace*. 8 He perceived we would not let him act in all things at his 
pleasure and would not admit of all the expences he recomended : 
that ; That we were for agreeing amicably w*. h the Carolinians abo'ut 
the Indian trade, and for granting new land to such of the Inhabitants 
as had bad, and that he should not interupt the Magistrates & officers 
in paying obedience to our orders, all which chagrined him much as it 
lessen'd his authority who before contrould all things at pleasure. 

But it was time to look about us, now that the Military affairs of 
the Colony engross'd his time & thoughts, that he could not vacate to 
attend enough to the Civil concernes : besides the expences of defend- 
ing the Colony would run high, some of our money had been wrong- 
fully apply'd that way & it was doubtfull if ever we should be repaid 
it. Moreover it had been found that he had been mistaken in some of 
his schemes and dispositions of the Colonies affairs, w c . h yet he was too 
tenaceous to abandon. He also measurd falsly the Trustees ability & 
zeal to obtain from ST Robert Walpole or the Parliam* the sums neces- 
sary to carry on his schemes, which encouraged him to embark in 
great expences, imagining from the importance of them, and their rea- 
sonableness towards the making a flourishing Colony, that he needed 
only to instruct the Trustees what to ask for, And it would be pres- 
ently granted, whereas God knows, we were now almost entirely sunk 
in our credit w 1 ? the King, the Ministry, the Parliam* the City, & the 
Kingdom, and himself also personally so, & that nothing supported us, 
but our having among our body a good many Parliament Men, whose 
votes the contending Party's in the house courted. The reasons above 
mentioned, obliged us to write this letter by the hand of our Sec7 which 
Col. Oglethorpe could not bring himself to consent to comply with, 
but was (as I have said) much disatisfyed with, as appear'd by his 
private letters to his friends. I think it worth the while to give a 
copy of it. 



1739] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 167 

Georgia Office 5 Dec. 1739. 
Sir 

The Trustees acknowledge the recp* of your letter dated 4. July 
last, and are much pleased to find that the Resolutions of Parliament, 
& the steps which they have taken, have preserved the Colony, (which 
is here represented as almost abandon'd) and thereby cover'd all the 
trade of N. America from the Spanish Guarda Costas. 

"When you have fixed your regulations relating to the prices of 
provisions & necessaries with the Merchants and Suttlers, they desire 
you will acquaint them therewith, and do the same as often as occa- 
sion shall be found to make alterations therein, for they doubt not 
but there will be an encrease of private stores when the Colony shall 
be better settled than it is at present, & consequently provisions may 
fall in their price. 

The Trustees are equally sensible with you, that there must be a 
steady & regular manner of acting in Georgia, which all centers in 
every man's exercizing faithfully the powers given, & not exceeding 
them, more especially in not exceeding the Estimate sent over, or 
misapplying the sums appropriated to each particular service, which 
the Trustees expect their Officers & Comissioners appointed to make 
the disbursments will be punctual in, as they shall be answerable for 
any neglect or disobedience : and if any of them be found faulty, they 
desire to be inform'd wherein, and to know their names, that a course 
may be taken with them by the Trustees. As you have charged the 
Magistrates with divers offences, in the 3? paragraph of your letter, 
The Trustees desire you will inform them who they are, whether 
those of Frederica or Savannah alone, which of them, have been so 
faulty, and whether it is upon your own certain knowledge, or only 
by report of others. 

The Trustees are very sorry to observe that paragraph in your let- 
ter, which mentions the peoples frequently striving to deny any au- 
thority in you, which they attribute to the factious humour of those 
who would have liberty to sell their land, keep Negroes, and indulge 
themselves in Rum ; w c . h things you having with vigour declared 
against in maintenance of the laws & constitution of the Province, it 
is no wonder that such persons should endeavour to make it beleived 
you act without proper Authority ; But they hope the example of the 
wiser part of the Colony, who know you neither can nor would ex- 
ceed the power given you by the Trustees, and are obedient to you 
in the execution of those powers, will be follow'd, and that none will 



168 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

for the future be so hardy as to transgress on that head : for in so 
doing, it is not only you, but the whole body of their Governours they 
offend ag s ? And the Trustees will support the powers that flow from 
themselves. 

The Trustees very much approve of the Magistrates conduct at 
Frederica, relating to the Tryal of offences against the Rum Act at 
Petty Sessions as justices of Peace, and they will direct the same 
Rule to be observed at Savannah ; But in all cases of Property, there 
can be no Tryal in any other manner but by Juries. 

The Trustees, Sir, are of opinion, that before any thing can be 
done to push on Improvments to any great effect, care should be 
taken to encourage the Inhabitants to raise their own provisions, and 
the greatest encouragement would be to let them have good land, if 
it is to be had in the Province, for the Trustees beleive the greatest 
encouragement to the Inhabitants of Pensilvanea is, that the Province 
consists of good land : the Trustees will therefore send their Instruc- 
tions to their Surveyor on that head. 

The Trustees agree with you, that it was of great consequence to 
hear what complaints the Indians might have to make, and to use the 
necessary means for the preserving them in the Interest of Great 
Britain. They have just rec? your letter dated 5 Sept 1 ? last from 
Fort Augusta and are very much pleased with your recovery from 
your Fever, and with the success you have met with among the In- 
dians. You mention dangers to have arisen from their misunder- 
standings with the Carolina Traders : They would be glad to have as 
full and particular an Ace! of your Transactions with them as you can ; 
and in order to guide them in their future Grants, They desire you 
will transmit them by the first opportunity the Original Act of the 
Indians Cession of lands, or if that may be improper, to send an au- 
thentick Copy thereof. 

The Trustees, Sir, refer'd your Ace! of disbursments made by 
Francis Moore to a Comittee of Ace*. 8 who have examin'd it & made 
a report thereupon to the Comon Council who agreed thereto, and 
have orderd me to send you a Copy of the Report, which is herewith 
enclosed. 

The Trustees observe your thoughts relating to the Tenure of lands 
in Georgia, & do beleive that they who made most noise about their 
lands, were those who took no care of making use of them, being dis- 
couraged from it for want of some change in their Tenure. The mat- 
ter was long under consideration, occasion'd frequent meetings, em- 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 169 

ploy'd all the Gentlemen of the law, and had the approbation of all 
the Trustees present, as likewise of the absent, who were consulted 
by letters thereupon. 

Your letter by M? Auspurger dated 16. July last, the Trustees 
have received, together with the Silk, and upon observing that para- 
graph, which mentions the not deciding clearly in the Act relating to 
the Indians, had given insolence to the Carolina Traders ; The Trus- 
tees look'd back into their minutes and letters to you in August 1738, 
and have sent you herew*. h another Copy thereof ; but should be glad 
to know if you rec? the first Copy & letters, and if any thing hinder'd 
your proceeding in what they therein so earnestly recomended, for the 
preventing such behaviour on the Traders with the Indians ; they 
think it will be very necessary for carrying on the Trust affairs in 
Georgia, that you would be pleased to acknowledge the receipt of 
their letters as soon as they come to hand. I am 

Sir 

Y? Excellencies most obed* Ser* 
Ben j. Martin. 

P. S. I have enclosed herewith, a copy of the Trustees letter to 
the D. of Newcastle, for his instructions to the L! Gov r of S. Carolina, 
relating to the Trade with the Indians. 

8'? Decemb: 27. [Present,] Ayers EoW, Digby Edw?, Beauclerc (L? Sidney, 
Archer Hen., Egmont, Lapctre Hen., LaRoch J% Sloper Will., L* Tirconnel, 
Ch., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumond at my house (I having the gout) to 
order payment of those certified Ace*. 8 the Comissioners Of Ace*? in 
Georgia had approved of, and to consider what sum to ask this year 
of the Parliament. 

1. Read a paragraph in Col. Stephens journal 9'? 1 Aug 8 .' that upon 
examination the Comiss 1 . 8 of Accompts had found the following certi- 
fied Ace*. 8 unexceptionable viz. 

One to David Prevost for 732.15.9. certif. 12 June 1738 

Another to d? for 345.19.3. 12 Aug. 1738 

and one to Tho. Ware 221.8.0. 17 Aug. 1738 

Resolv'd that the said certified Acc t8 be paid. 

2. Imprest to Aid 1 ? Heathcote to pay the same 1300<£. 

3. Resolv'd that 25<£ be added to Col. Stephen's sallary for keeping 
a Clerk, in consideration of his encrease of business as Secretary. 

4. Then the Gentlemen took into consideration, the relief of such 

22 



1T0 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

persons in Savannah, Highgate, and Hampstead who have barren 
land, and agreed it to be fit that other good & fertile land should be 
given them. A minute was thereof taken by the Secret? for him to 
form a letter thereon by way of queries to Col. Stephens, that when 
he should return answers thereto, the Trustees might send proper di- 
rections therein. 

NB. he never answer'd those queries, being I suppose under awe 
of GenJ Oglethorpes displeasure. 

5. Then came on a long and remarkable debate concerning the 
supply intended to be ask'd this year from the Parliament for the sup- 
port of the Colony : when to my great surprise & disatisfaction they 
agreed not to ask for any thing this year, but Only to apply to S? 
Robert Walpole for repayment of about 2000 £ which L* Col. Coch- 
ran had put the Trust to the charge of when he landed with that part 
of Genl Oglethorpes Regiment at Savannah, and which was due to 
us because expended on the military service. 

IA Sidney Beauclerc, & My Hen. Archer were the persons who 
warmly prest it, and L4 Tirconnel, M? Sloper and Mr Vernon came 
into it. M? Digby, LaRoch and I were for asking money. 

I said it was a great misfortune that our Members did not more 
diligently attend the service of the Trust, by which they would be 
better acquainted with the circumstances of the Colony and the occa- 
sions we had for money. That even when the 2000£ shall be repaid 
us, there would remain in our hands but 5500 £ for the current years 
service. That our Estimate stands at 5000 £ which we have been 
already obliged to exceed, & should do more before the year is out, 
there being very large demands upon us to be apprehended not in- 
cluded in our Estimate, such as Trust Servants not provided for therein 
who must by covenant be maintain'd amounting by my computation to 
above 100, if not 200. Also the bounty promised to the planters of 
corn pease & potatoes which when we made our estimate we knew 
nothing of, nor did we yet know how much that might rise to. That 
'twas impossible to foresee what contingent expences might come on 
before the year is out, which without a further provision might disen- 
able us to keep the engagements we have enter'd into by our Estimate. 
I was likewise in hopes the Gentleman would have considered the 
necessity of encouraging the Inhabitants to raise usefull produces, in 
order to ease this Nation of the charge in supporting it, & in time 
repay her, which if a near prospect be not seen thereof, the Parlia- 
ment will grow weary of us. That at least 1000£ should be set aside 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 171 

for this purpose, and therefore unless we ask'd for money, all hopes 
of Improvrnent would be lost, and we might wilfully run our selves 
in debt, it being to be justly fear'd that 5000 £ will not suffice to 
carry on the Civil affairs of the Colony. Nay I did not know but 
we may be already greatly indebted, for tho we had paid many of 
them, we were yet ignorant what the remaining debts of the Colony 
amount to. 

But the Gentlemen above mention'd were so obstinate on their parts 
that the matter was carry'd their way, only MT Sloper told me, that 
he agreed it was necessary to encourage usef ull produces, and if such 
purposes could not be answerd out of the 5000 £, he would himself 
move the house for money. 

The only reason given by them for not applying this year was the 
apprehension of being defeated in the attempt by the great opposition 
that would be made, to which M T - Digby reply'd he apprehended 
no such thing, nor found any Members of consequence speak that 
way. 

But true secret reason was this, Mt Hen. Archer, ignorant of the 
circumstances of the Colony, had dined some days before with the 
Speaker where ST RoM Walpole & others were, and most injudi- 
ciously, like a young Man without reason or authority told ST Robert 
Walpole, the Trustees had been so good managers that they had 
2000 £ to refund to the Publick. On the other hand, L? Beauclerc 
had of his own head told ST Robert that we would ask no money, if 
he would repay us the 2000 £ advanced to the Military Service, upon 
which St Robert had promised it should be put into the list of ser- 
vices incurr'd. 

Now having advanced such steps, they must needs appear very light 
to S? Robert, and even to have diliver'd a notorious falsity, if the 
Trustees should afterwards petition for money, and therefore tis incon- 
ceivable what trouble they gave us, even after I had shew'd the 
absolute necessity of asking money in writing, which had the good 
luck to bring most of the Gentlemen round to my opinion. 

7. Indeed I was so certain in my opinion that when they were all 
gone, I went into my Studdy, and drew up my reasons in form of a 
protest against what had past, and sent it to our Accomp* to enter in 
the Office books. 

It may be seen in the 4^ Vol. of Georgia Transactions in England. 

8. At the same time I drew up a paper entitled Advantage which 
Georgia is of to JSngland, at present, and mag hereafter prove, which 



172 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

I put into our Gentlemens hands to shew such Members of Parliament 
as they knew, in order to render them favourable to us, in case I could 
persuade the Trustees to ask for money. 

12. Decem h ' 28. [Present,] Archer Hen., Beauclerc L? Sidney, Hales Steven, 
Lapotre Hen., Sloper Will., Smith Sam!, L? Tirconnel, Vernon Ja., P., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd, to examine the letter prepared pur- 
suant to order last Satturday relating to the survey of the Lotts in or 
near Savannah : But tho they were a sufficient number, they acted 
only as Trustees. 

1. They finish'd the letter above mention'd, to Col. Stephens con- 
cerning the 50 Acre lotts that are bad land, and gave their thoughts 
concerning the granting the Inhabitants of Savannah & the adjacent 
vilages better land, desiring his thoughts also. The directions given 
were well judged, but the War against the Spaniards took up all Gen! 
Oglethorps thoughts, and without his consent no one would obey in- 
structions, so hitherto nothing has been done in this affair. 

2. M? Tho. Stephens attending the board, deliverd in another Me- 
morial, or rather the Sequel of the former of 24 Nov b - r (see Fol. 
[161] ) being much to the same purpose, this last was dated y e 7- 11 
ins' 

12. Dec b . r 1739. This day (after the meeting mention'd on the 
other side broke up, MT Smith came to see me, when I convinc'd him 
of the necessity we were under of applying to Parliament for money. 
I did the same by MT Tho. Archer & MT Tracy who visited me in the 
morning. 

No notice was taken at the board of my paper of reasons & pro- 
test, by reason M? Hen. Archer had obtained of MT Verelts to let 
him read & consider it, which I suppose he had not yet done, & 
therefore would not produce it. He desired L4 Beauclerc might have 
a copy of it, & own'd my reasons were very strong. 

We now perceived these two Gentlemen and M 1 . Tho. Towers were 
united if possible to hinder our applying to Parliam* the two former 
for reasons given before, the latter from his knowledge of ST Rob* 
Walpoles disinclination to grant us money. Besides none of the three 
cared to speak to ST Robert upon it as they fear'd would be desired 
of them, being the most in his favour of all our Members. 

About this time the D. of Newcastle, pursuant to our desire, wrote 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 173 

to Col. Bull Lieut Gov? of S. Carolina, to settle the dispute with 
Gen 1 . Oglethorpe concerning the trade of both Provinces with the In- 
dians : But what has been done therein we do not know : 

18. Dec'r 29. [Present,] Beauclerc L? Sidney, Egmont, C. C, Heathcote S? 
Will., T., Lapotre Hen., Sloper Will., U Tireonnel, C. C. 

A Meeting of Trustees was suniond to consider what might be fur- 
ther necessary for the supply of the Colony for Lady day 1740 more 
than the Ballance computed at that time, and in what manner the 
same should be obtained. 

It being of great consequence to determine upon these heads as 
soon as possible, I went to the meeting, tho not well able ; but tho 
for the better encouragement for Gentlemen to attend, we met in the 
little chamber of the H. of Comons, divers of them thS below in the 
house would not give themselves the trouble to approach us. 

1. My Reasons for protesting, as also my other paper of the advan- 
tages Georgia may be of to England, were read. We came to no 
resolution on matters for which we were sumon'd, being so few, but it 
was the sense of us all, that our best way of proceeding would be by 
motion in the house, to have the sense of Parliament whether 'tis 
of advantage to England that Georgia should be supported or not, for 
that would necessarily oblige such Trustees as were of the House to 
speak thereto and inform the Members of the true state of the Col- 
ony, and its utility, which very likely would be follow'd w*. h a vote of 
such utility and the necessity of supporting it ; after which they could 
not refuse us the money necessary to be demanded. 

This we judged a more eligible way to proceed in, than as we had 
hitherto done, by petition, always fearfull of success, and courting in 
a servile manner the Members to be favourable Besides it would 
render us independent of the Minister, for if once the Parliament could 
be induced by a fair exposition of things to declare the Colony of use, 
we should have no occasion to apply to ST Robert every Session, but 
only to move the house for a sum which of course would be granted. 
By this disengagem* from the Minister, we should also recover our 
reputation with the Minority, and become more united among our- 
selves, and more zealous for our Trust. 

It was agreed to debate this matter more fully on the 9. of Jan? 
in hopes by giving so long time & so early notice we should have a 
more numerous meeting. 

I return'd home, where my gout confin'd me 'till the very day above 
mentioned. 



174 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

1. Whilst the Trustees were labouring to support the Colony at 
home, Col. Oglethorpe was preparing for the Seige of Augustine : By 
a letter wrote 23 Dec. 1739 by Mf Tho. Eyre a Cadet in the Regi- 
ment to his brother, which MF Ayers of our board comunicated to me, 
I learn'd that the General had sent him up to the Cherikee Nation 
for their assistance, who promised their young Men should be down 
with him in 2 months. And that the General had been with a Party 
to reconnoitre on the Spanish side of the River St. Juan. 

21. DecT? r 1739. 2. U Tirconnel, S? Will. Heathcote, Mr Sloper, 
Mr Vernon and M. T . LaRoch dined with me, and all acknowledge the 
force of my reasons for asking this year for money : they also ap- 
prov'd of laying the state of the Colony before the house in the man- 
ner proposed at our last meeting. 

28. Dec. 1739. 3. Gen* Oglethorpe wrote to me, that he had sent 
L* Horton to England, and recommended him to me for information 
concerning the state of the Colony. 

29 Dec b . r 1739. 4. Mr Eyre mention'd above, wrote M* Ayers of 
our board that the Gen? had dispatch'd him a second time to the In- 
dian Nation to hasten them down. 

5. That the General allow'd no trafficking of Officers with the sol- 
diers. 

6. That his own principal view in going to Georgia was to take 
land, but he found those who had brought over a number of servants 
and all materials for building & planting could not save themselves 
by it, but were indebted to the stores for the best part of the provi- 
sions they eat, since they came thither. 

7. That all their settlements were on the sea side where the land 
is nothing but a heap of sand, producing nothing but Indian corn and 
hardly that. 

8. That a great many soldiers at their first coming took land on 
the terms the Trustees allow'd, but the badness of the soile, & the 
small returns for their labour had so discouraged them, they had 
thrown up their land and Improvments, and chose to live upon their 
pay alone. 

9. That 'twas true there was both silk & wine to go upon as 
well as planting, but there were no people there understood those 
Improvm'. 3 



1739.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 175 

10. That he did not mention half the difficulties or expence that at- 
tends planting and settling in that Country. 

11. That Cap* Thomas the Ingenier was dead, & Majr Cook who 
was in great favour with Col. Oglethorpe was by him made Ingenier 
in his room. 

29** Dec. 1739 12. Col. Oglethorpe wrote to Mr Verelts an ex- 
planation of the goods & reasons for taking those goods from Cap* 
Thompson, & how much ought to be charged to the Trust on Ace* 
of the Civil Goverm* 

13. He wrote also same date to the Trustees on same subject. That 
the scout boat at Amelia was necessary, as also Rangers on pay. that 
he was fortifying Frederica Amelia and S* Andrews, the expence of all 
w c . h fortifications would come but to 1000 <£. 

26 Dec. 1739. 1. Mr Vernon made me a visit, and told me it was 
reported the Goverm* had sent to recall Col. Oglethorpe, and that the 
king had hitherto refused to make Majr Cook Lieu* Col. of the Reg- 
iment in room of Lieu*. Col. Cochran, tho it was his turn & Ogle- 
thorpe had recomended him to succeed, which look'd as an intended 
slight on the Colonel. 

2. That the D. of Newcastle resented the Trustees letter to him 
wherein we desired him to send orders to Presid* Bull in the absence 
of the Gov' of S. Carolina to agree with Col. Oglethorpe concerning 
the differences relating to the Indian trade, because our Secretary 
only sign'd the letter, & our Corporation seal was not to it. That 
his Grace had therefore flung it into the Council Board, which being 
irregular, they knew not what to do with it. 

I told him I was against medling with it at first, it being the busi- 
ness of Carolina who were complainants to apply to his Grace for 
such orders, and not ours, and I fear'd when they should hear that the 
application came from us, it would render them the more stiff in 
agreeing. 

He said, we should do no more in it, but if their Agent would pur- 
sue it, he might. 

The same day arrived Mr J? Brownfeilds letter dat. 8 October last. 
(SeeFol. [142.]) 

As also Mr Tho. Jeny's letter dat. 27 Oct. (See Fol. [149.]) 

7*. h Jan? 1739-40. Gen! Oglethorpe attack'd St Francis di Pupo a 



176 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

small fort in Florida and took it. See the Plan of this Fort, and the 
disposition of the Attack, in my 5*. 11 Vol. of Transactions in Georgia. 

9. Jan". 30. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, LaRoche J?, L* Tirconnel, P., Ver- 
non, Ja., C. C, Anderson Ad"?, Heathcote S? Will., Shaftsbury, T. T. 

A Sumons of all the Comon Council and Trustees was issued pur 
suant to the resolution of the 18 Dec b . r last to meet in the little room 
of the H. of Comons, To consider of and come to a resolution for ap- 
plying to Parliament for a further sum to be granted for setling and 
improving the Colony, to enable the Trustees to defray their neces- 
sary estimated expences and the unforeseen, and to encourage the rais- 
ing produces, which the computed Ballance in their hands at Lady 
day 1740 is not sufficient to do. 

1/ Tirconnel took the chair expecting we should be a numerous 
board and come to some resolution, but being dissappointed therein, 
we did nothing, only 

1. Order'd M? Verelts to procure all the living Wittnesses he could 
in town to prove at the Bar of the H. of Comons if call'd on, the 
usefullness of the Colony to Gr. Britain : for it was the unanimous 
opinion of all the Gentlemen then present, (MT Hen. Archer and Mr 
LaRoche excepted) to have the sense of Parliament upon the Colony, 
and to move for a day to debate it, being tired out with petitioning 
every year, & with the clamours against us (chiefly from the Ministe- 
rial side) proceeding from ignorance in many, tho design in some. 

16 JanH 31. [Present,] Archer Hen., P., Beauclerc L? Sidney, Egmont, Lapotre 
Hen., LaRoche J?, Sloper Will., L? Tirconnel, Vernon Ja., C. C, Heathcote S? 
Will., Shaftsbury, T. T., Digby Edw*, Towers Tho., C. C. 

A Trustee board was sumon'd for the same purposes as the last of 
9*? 1 Jan? : and to consider the proofs relating to the Importance and 
advantages of Georgia and the Evidences to support the same. 

1. We debated the manner of our application to Parliam* for money, 
and MT Vernon L? Tirconnel, L? Shaftsbury, S? Will. Heathcote and 
M? Lapotre were of opinion with me, that it was not only expedient 
but in a manner necessary to ask the sense of Parliament upon the 
Colony before we moved for money : that therefore we should pre- 
pare Evidence to be examined as to the advantages thereof, and we 
had the Satisfaction to know the Evidence we should give would be 
undenyably good. That it behoved us even to force a debate if nec- 
essary, after which we should either be rid of a thankless Office by 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 177 

delivering up our charter if the debate went against us, or if for us, 
be sure of a sufficient annual Support for the future, and proceed chear- 
fully, for an approbation from Parliament would suppress all idle 
clamours, and it would ease our gentlemen from the trouble of peti- 
tioning & solliciting, which some thought so beneath a body of Gen- 
tlemen who act only for the publick, that they had in a manner to- 
tally withdrawn their attendance on the board. That flinging our- 
selves thus upon the Parliament did indeed withdraw our dependance 
on the Minister, but as this would be more honourable, so it might 
prove more advantageous, for thereby we should regain the good Will 
of the Minority in the house and only lose, what in truth we never 
had, that of S? Robert Walpole and creatures, who nevertheless could 
not hurt us being thus protected by the Parliament's resolution in our 
favour. That to our hitherto obsequiousness to S? Robert was owing 
the disertion of so many of our Members, and the great difficulty of 
finding proper persons to supply their vacancies. Lastly, that we 
could never hope for a better opportunity to obtain of the Parliament 
a vote in our favour, and secure our not being given up by Treaty 
to the Spaniards, than the present, whilst we were engaged in War. 

On the Other hand M 1 . Hen. Archer, M? Laroche, M? Tho. Towers 
(who had declined coming near us all this Session and exprest much 
indifference for the Colony ever since his return from France) and 
L? Sidney Beauclerc, all dead voters & creatures of S? Robert Wal- 
pole, now manifested their apprehension of S? Roberts losing his in- 
fluence over the Trustees in case we stood on a national & not a 
ministerial Foot : They raised a doubt whether it were prudent to 
cause our proceedings to be enquir'd into, for our managers in Geor- 
gia having wrong'd us in squandering our money away, the fault 
would be charged on the Trust for having appointed them : That 
to provoke an Enquiry look'd forward in us : Possibly, the Evidences 
we intended to produce might not satisfy the house : S' Robert had 
said last year in the house, that not a Spade of Earth had been dug 
towards fortifying the Colony, but our Evidences affirm there are 5 
or 6 Forts, so barefaced a contradiction cannot be pleasing to him. 
Lastly that if We resolve to drop ST Robert he will drop us, and we 
knew his power : he might hinder further supplyes : and when all 
came to all, we must petition, that being the Parliamentary way of 
obtaining money ; but if we petition, the kings consent must first 
be obtained, which could only be done by ST Robert, but with what 
face could any of the Trustees apply to him if they slight him. He 

23 



178 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

had promised repayment to us of the 2000£ advanced for military 
services, and the same should be pursued, he might also be prevaild 
on to let us have more upon petition, but then he would expect we 
should take the steps he should chalk, and what was it to ua which 
way we got it, provided we obtained it. 

M 1 - Sloper tho a Ministry man was for a Parliamentary enquiry, 
but not for forcing it. 

2. In the end our opinion prevayl'd, and we orderd our Evidences 
to be call'd in : whereupon L? Sidney & M? LaRoche went away. 

Our Evidences were 

Cap* Diamond 

Mr Sam? Auspurger 

Cap* Tho. Shubrick 

Cap* Dempsy 

Lieu! Delagal 

& Cap* Massey 

All these had been in Georgia, and gave very satisfactory Evi- 
dence some to one point, some to another, of which a copy may be 
seen in my 4'. ft Vol. of Georgia Transactions in England. After- 
wards they made affidavits thereto. 

I shall only mention here that part which relates to the harbours of 
Georgia, of which they affirm'd that 

At Jekyl Sound is 16 foot Entrance at low water and at Tybee 15. 
That the Tide rises 7 feet, so that a 40 gun ship may easily enter, 
& perhapps a 50 gun, according to her building. They had also been 
credibly inform'd that there is a Creek a little lower than Jekyl 
Sound, where a Spanish ship of 60 guns had enter'd. That ships 
when enter'd are safe from all winds. That at Amelia is a harbour 
with 24 feet at low water. That the Coast of Georgia is the whole 
extent of it a bold one, and the wind blows seldom or never on the 
land. 

When this affair was over, we broke up, without forming any reso- 
lution, except that what had past should be put into writing, & fairly 
transcribed. 

3. Before we parted, M? Vernon & I so convinc'd M* Hen. Archer 
of the necessity of laying our affairs before the house in the manner 
resolved on above, that he promised to inform himself to morrow of 
the Speaker with whom he was to dine, what day would be proper, 
and in what manner we should proceed. 

We were sensible this was putting our selves into his power to give 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 179 

what turn he pleas'd to the affair, but we coul'd think of no other 
person who would undertake it, for there appeard an unaccountable 
Indifference in all who had access to S? Robert Walpole and stood 
well w* h the Ministry, to concern themselves for the Trust, th6 sworn 
to serve it proceeding from the assurance they had that the less care 
they exprest for the Colony, the more agreable they were to the 
Minister 

16 Jan? 1739-40 1. Samuel Davison Constable at Frederica, 
wrote to the Accomp! that our appointment of him to be Overseer 
of the Trust servants at Frederica was not obey'd, but that M* Haw- 
kins the 1. Magistrate had appointed thereto one Shats a German 
Trust servant who came over in 1738, and who hardly knows one 
word of English. 

NB. This is a fresh instance how little our orders are obey'd in 
Georgia. 

2. That in June 1740. The Magistrates finding the town grow 
populous, thought proper to licence another Publick house, but in 
6pight of him M? Hawkins had licenced Another. 

3. That he had cleared and fenced 5J acres of his 45 acre lot besides 
his Acre lot, from both which he raised last year 60 bushells of corn, 
50 of potatoes & 8 of pease : but his servant being out of his time he 
could not do the same this year. 

4. That a premium to Industrious people had been promised, but 
they had not found the least of it. 

5. with this letter he sent over 2 years Acc*. B of Receipts & debts 
to the store, &c the ballance whereof due from him to the Trustees 
being 47.11. 7i he desired might be forgiven him. 

The same 16 Jan7 1739-40 Samuel Davison wrote to me to desire 
I would support his application to be forgiven his debt to the Trus- 
tees above mention'd, and added, 

1. That M? Hawkins & his wife threaten to ruin him: that she 
lately said she would damn her soul rather than not ruin him ; and 
he threatened to sell his children to the Carpenter & Plaisterer who 
built his house. 

2. That he had 3 children, the oldest but 4 years f . and if his li- 
cence for a publick house be not continued, he should not know how to 
maintain them. 

3. That Gen? Oglethorpe told him when he made him Searcher of 



180 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

Ships, his place would be worth 40 £ a year sterl? but he never had 
other consideration for it than 10.£ towards building his house, & 
7.10.0 lent him on his note. 

4. That in Dec b . r 1738 he seized 2 Negroes pursuant to the Act 
against employing them in the Colony, for which he received no re- 
ward. 

5. That the guard duty had been very hard on him and his brother 
Constable, having been obliged to watch 5 nights in seven. 

On the same day M 1 - Whitfeild wrote to the Trustees 

1. That he found a mistake in his Grant of land for the Orphan 
house, that it was not made to him & his successors for ever, contrary 
to the Copy from whence it was made, and to his own intention, but 
only to such persons as he should nominate by will, so that it was 
secured to him only for a little while. 

2. That the Orphan house being a charitable work, the land may 
be for ever exempted from paying Quitrent or any other Taxes. 

3. That all persons concerned in the management of it, may never 
be obliged to bear arms or serve in Civil Offices. 

4. That he thought it best not to M? Hows lot, because My Ha- 
bersham had found 500 acres altogether, which he would take for 
the use of the Orphan house, that it lay near Skidaway, and he 
should proceed to build very speedily. 

5. That being obliged frequently to be absent from Savannah, and 
intending a visit to England, he thought it inconsistent with his duty 
to keep the Parish under his care, and therefore intended to resign it 
very soon, by giving up his Cofnission. 

23. Jan". 32. [Present,] Archer Hen., Digby Edw., Egmont, P., Lapotre Hen., 
Ch., LaRoche, J?, Sloper Will., Smith Sam., L? Tirconnel, Vernon Ja., C. C, 
Heathcote S. Will., T. 

A Comon Council was sumond, to order 2000.£ in sola Bills to be 
made out and seal'd, and sent by 2 different ships to defray the 
expenses in Georgia to Michlemass 1740. To consider of Mr Aus- 
purgers requests relating to his land in Georgia, &c. 

1. As Trustees, We form'd a Memorial to the Treasury, praying to 
be repay 'd 2000 £ advanced for the Military expences incurr'd in Geor- 
gia, not provided for by Parliam* 

2. Resolv'd that L? Tirconnel & Mr Rob*. Hucks be desired to wait 
on S? Rob* Walpole with a paper setting forth, 

That the ballance of Ace* 8 of payments already made & to be made 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 181 

to Lady day 1640, is 4622. 6. 5£ in the Trustees hands for further set- 
tling & improving Georgia, but tis not sufficient to defray the neces- 
sary expences of the Civil Goverin* but to Lady day 1741. 

That The encouraging produces to be raised in Georgia is the only 
means to take off the expence of supporting the Colony, by thereby 
enabling it to support it self in time. 

That the Trustees have sufficient Evidence to shew the reasonable 
expectation of future benefit to Great Britain, from the natural fitness 
of the soile & climate of Georgia to produce silk, wine, Indigo & co- 
chineal, which by suitable encouragem* may be raised in it ; and 
also to shew the goodness safety and convenience of the harbours there. 
That unless a further supply of 4000<£ be granted this Session, the 
Trustees will be unable to go on in the further improvment & cul- 
tivation of the Province. 

NB. M? Hucks who had promised to wait on S? Robert with this 
paper refused it when he heard 1A Tirconnel was joyned with him 
in it, saying he would go with any other but him, because he was a 
puzzle cause. But this was only a pretence, for he had long since 
lost all affection for the Colony, or disposition to serve it. 

NB. also, Mr Hen. Archer declined going with it, alledging that 
he intended to vote for the Place bill, and S? Rob* Walpole did so 
teize him to vote against it, that he design'd not to see him till that 
affair was over. 

3. Our Accomp*. reported that 1A Sidney Beauclerc had seen SF 
Will. Young touching the 2000£ we had advanc'd for the military 
service of Georgia : that S? William said he had discoursed S* Robert 
Walpole upon it who advised our drawing the Memorial agreed upon 
this day, that the Treasury might have a foundation to lay the same 
before the house among the services incurr'd this year unprovided for. 

4. M? Hen. Archer reported, that he had perform'd his promise of 
enquiring of the Speaker in what manner we should apply to Parlia- 
ment this year for money, and to express our desire that the Parliam*. 
would enquire into the state of the Colony & its usefullness to Great 
Britain. That the Speaker highly approved a Parliamentary enquiry 
in order to stop the clamours of ignorant people against us, but thought 
it proper we should take S? Robert Walpoles advice therein, as also 
on the manner of our asking money. 

5. After this, as Comon Council, we orderd 200 sola bills of 5£ 
each, & 1000 Of one pound each to be made out, and seal'd & sign'd 
by the Accomp* And that they should be fill'd up to Will. Stephens 



182 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

Esq. M? Tho. Christie, & M! Tho. Jones, for them or any two of them 
to issue, for defraying the estimated expences of Georgia from Lady 
day to Michlemass 1740, amounting in the Province to 2000 : And 
that the same be sent by 2 different ships, viz. 1000<£ in each ship 
as soon as possible ; 

NB. by this we totally excluded Gen? Oglethorpe from handling 
our money, which was thought a prudent & necessary step. 

6. Order'd that any 5 of the Cofrion Council be empowerd to 
draw on the bank for payment of said 2000 £ sola bills when re- 
turn'd to England for payment. 

7. MT Auspurger having by our direction composed and deliverd 
a map of S! Simonds Island, 

Resolv'd that 25 guineas be given him for his trouble therein. 

24 Jan? 1739-40. This day Gen? Oglethorpe wrote to the Trus- 
tees, that he had sent Lieu! Horton to England, to raise 30 Recruits 
for the Regiment, desiring we would give passage to their wives, & 
corn and meat to them for one year : But we had no money for such 
purposes. The L! arrived & deliverd us this letter y? 2^ May. 

26. JanX 33. [Present,] Archer Hen., Digby Edw?, P., Egmont, Holland Rog r . 3 , 
Lapotre Hen., Ch., Smith Sam., L? Tirconnel, Vernon Ja., C. C, Shaftsbury, T. 

A Comon Council was snmon'd to consider of M 1 . Auspurgers obser- 
vations on the draft of his intended Grant, and of Lieu! Delagals 
memorial : And of the opinion of the Chancell! of the Exchequer 
(S? Rob! Walpole) concerning the Trustees proceedings in this Ses- 
sion of Parliament. 

1. L? Tirconnel reported that on thursday last he waited on ST 
Rob! Walpole, with our short paper explaining the reasons why the 
Trustees were obliged to ask for money this year, viz. 4000 £, and also 
shew'd him the draft of our intended petition : That S? Robert read 
both, and then said, we should have the 4000£ we desired : that he 
had already obtained his Majesties consent, and that we should do 
well to present our petition next monday, when he would be down to 
declare the kings consent. 

2. We returnd his Lordship thanks for this service, & desired he 
would present the petition : We also desired M? Digby to second it, 
and both promised so to do. 

3. We order'd our petition to be engrossed fair, and put the seal 
thereto, but first added that we had credible wittnesses ready to make 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 183 

appear the goodness & capacity of our Harbours, the fittness of the 
Soile to produce Silk & other valuable comodities, and the defence our 
Colony is of to the others Provinces, when the house should think fit 
to examine thereinto. 

NB. By this means we hoped to obtain a Parliamentary Enquiry, 
and an Approbation of the Colonies establishment, in order to silence 
the scandalous reflections cast upon us by our enemies, & propagated 
by the ignorant. But S? Robert Walpole defeated us in this, being 
no friend to Parliamentary enquiries of any sort, and seeing well that 
the step would take away the dependance of our board on him, by 
casting it on the Parliam* Besides it would unfold divers neglects of 
the Ministry with respect to the care of the Colony. 

4. M. 1 . Smith was desired to find out a Clergyman to preach before 
us on the Anniversary day. 

5. Then as a Board of Comon Council we call'd in M? Samuel Aus- 
purger, to acquaint us with the conditions of his Grant expected by 
him. 

He desired 1. That his 10 servants whom he designed to bring from 
Swisserland might have 50 acres each at the expiration of their Ser- 
vice. 

That he might not be obliged to fell all his timber in 16 years time, 
nor to raise Fences, the land being an Island to himself. 

That he might not be obliged to be again in Georgia before 2 years 
expired. 

That his Quitrent might not comence till 11 years from the date of 
his Grant. 

That no persons might be allow'd to hunt or shoot on his land, with 
out licence from him. 

Thatt all the land adjoyning the West side of the Island, which he 
knew not the quantity of, but by his Map appeared to be double that 
of the Island might be flung into his Grant free of Quittrent, being at 
Spring tides overflow'd by the sea, and very boggy, so as to be of no 
use till reduced at his great expence. 

To this we answer'd, that we could not grant the last ; that we by 
charter were restrained from granting him more than 500 acres, and 
the Island alone is 450. 

But if he could find a brother, or nephew, or friend who would 
take each of them 500 acres of the Swamp, we would grant the same 
to them, and they might by private agreement hold it for his use. 

He reply'd he could do that, but they would not be disposed to go 



184 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

over. We answer'd that should make no difficulty, for we would 
grant them a lycence of absence. 

6. We then came to the following resolutions : 

Resolv'd that Samuel Auspurger be allow'd 2 years time for his 
return to and arrival in Georgia. 

Resolv'd that every man servant of 21 years and upwards, which 
the said Sam! Auspurger now employs or shall carry over & hereafter 
employ in the cultivation of his 500 Acres of land, be entitled to a 
grant of 50 acres in Georgia, under the usual limitations & conditions, 
when such servant shall be out of his time, & shall obtain a Certificate 
from said Auspurger or such other person as shall be entitled to said 
500 acres, of his good behaviour. 

Resolv'd that no person shall hunt or shoot on said 500 acres with- 
out said Auspurgers Licence. 

Resolv'd that the End of 10 years, said Auspurger or such other 
person as shall be entitled to his land, shall & may alien the same or 
any part thereof but not in less quantities than 50 acres in one lot to 
any person or persons whatsoever, who thereby will not become pos- 
sest of more than 500 acres : such person or persons being first ap- 
proved of, by the Secret? for the affairs of the Trust within the said 
Province of Georgia for the time being. 

28*. h Jan? 1739-40. W. Whitfeild wrote to me a letter of complaints, 
as also to MT Verelts. 

1. That no care is taken to obey the Trustees orders in Georgia, 
the persons concerned, wanting resolution & courage to obey them. 

NB. This was a side reflection on Gen! Oglethorpe for suspending 
& controuling the directions sent by us, of which in truth we were our- 
selves so sensible, that we sent the Magistrates peremptory orders to 
execute the matters recomended by us, without waiting to know his 
pleasure, which he took ill, but it was judged most necessary, he when 
at Frederica being at too great distance from Savannah, and his 
thoughts taken up too much with the military Concerns of the Prov- 
ince to attend to the Civil. 

2. That objections had been made to the building a jury room or- 
derd by us, & Col. Stephens said he had no money for it. 

3. That the aditional room to the parsonage house remain'd unfin- 
ish'd. NB. this room was begun without the Trustees knowledge. 

4. That no candles were allow'd for the church service, but he was 
forced to furnish them out of his own pocket. 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 185 

5. That no church was begun to be built. 

6. That if the affairs of Religion were not better regarded, he should 
be obliged to inform the world how little is to be seen for all the 
money good people had contributed. 

NB. this was an impudent paragraph, tending to asperse the Trus- 
tees with want of religion, & misapplying the money given to them 
for religious uses, neither of which could be laid justly to their 
charge. 

7. That his Orphan house had been a means of preventing Savanah 
from being much deserted, the poor people being spirited up by their 
employment in building it. That he had near 30 hands at work, & 
would employ all that offer'd themselves. 

8. That he was setting a weaver at work to weave cotton, and in- 
tended to agree to take all the Cotton, hemp and flax, that should be 
raised next year in the whole Colony. 

9. That if the Trustees will put the money design'd for building 
a Church into his hands, he would undertake it. 

10. That the 500 acres taken up by MT Habersham, on which he 
was building the Orphan house, ly's on the continent opposite west- 
ward to Noble Jones's plantation on the Island of Hope, & adjoyning 
southward to a tract of land possess'd by Col. Stephens, & M? Mercer. 
He desired a fresh grant of this land MF Habersham having surren- 
der'd it to him, the Grant to be made to him & his successors for ever, 
with the imunities mentioned in his last letter. That it is about 10 
miles from Savannah, and he would largly towards making a cart road 
from thence to the Orphan house, which would be of great convenience 
to all the Plantations thereabout. 

11. That he should be glad we would order the Orphans effects into 
his hands. 

12. He complaind of Cap! Thompson's long detainor at Frederica by 
Col. Oglethorpe, and that the Court house begun there when himself 
left Georgia, & design'd for a place of Worship, had a stop put to it 
at the Col. arrival, & nothing since done to it. 

The same 28 Jan7 1739-40 Cap! Mark Carr wrote from the Her- 
mitage, his plantation at Frederica, to Gen! Ja. Campbell 1. a long 
Ace! of Gen! Oglethorpes expedition into Florida 1. Dec b . r and taking 
Fort Picolata, & Fort S! Francisco, which latter is 16 miles only from 
Augustine. 

2. He adds some observations of the Country, viz. That last season 
24 



186 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

was the wettest had been known in America yet but 50 in 1200 peo- 
ple died, w c . h was of agues & fevers. 

3. That if the people refraind from British seed & plants (cabage 
sparagrass and heartychoaks excepted) and apply'd themselves heart- 
ily to planting Indian corn, pease, pumpkins, potatoes, &c the increase 
would be surprising. 

4. That only places of strength the Spaniards have in Florida is 
Augustine, & S* Mark at the Apellachies, which last has a garison 
of 50 men & ly's about 8 days journey from Augustine on the road to 
Mexico, and he beleived conaunicated with the Gulph. 

5. That by prisoners report Augustine is strong ; the ditch round 
the town, a yard deep & 3 yards wide, with a palmetto royal hedge 
within. That the Earth thrown up is faced with wood, mans height. 
10 bulwarks on the lines 100 yards distance. Two 4 pounders & 
other cannon in each bullwark, and 4 gates made of 4 inch plank. 
That within a league of the town is a vilage of 200 armed Negroes, 
and there are 9 vilages of Indians containing together about 4 or 500 
able to bear arms. 

That as to the Castle it is very strong, the ditch round it 24 yards 
wide, & 11 feet deep, to be filled with water at pleasure : both 
sides faced w*. h stone, and on the outside of the ditch a cover'd way 
faced w*. h stone. The walls of the Castle 7 ells thick, with 4 bullworks, 
the curtain about 60 yards, the parapet 3 yards thick of stones of that 
breadth, the walls about 4 yards high on the inside. Within the Cas- 
tle 50 Canon, 3 of which 40 pounders, 2 32 pounders, & 2 24 pounders. 
That there are Embrazures, and all the Ramparts casmatted with 
lodging rooms under, which doubled with flooring, would lodge all the 
people in Florida. That it is arched with stone 3 foot thick, & cov- 
er'd with Earth of the same thickness. They have plenty of water 
within the Castle, lastly there is belonging to the place 4 launches 
& 2 billanders. 

A full copy of this letter, with the plan of the seige of S! 1 Francisco 
di Pupo may be seen in the 5. Vol. of Transactions in Georgia. 

28^ Jan? 1739-40. This morning L? Tirconnel deliver'd our pe- 
tition to Parliament and, Mr Digby seconded it. The addition we 
had made thereto, to provoke a debate on the usefullness of the Colony 
succeeded so far as to occasion some speeches, but we did not obtain 
our End, which was a formal Enquiry, on the contrary the matter 
went off in such a manner as made many persons and some of the 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 187 

Trust also think we were used with contempt, but this fell out, 3? 
feby 

As soon as the petition was deliverd, L? Gage rose up and desired 
to know what Georgia was good for, before he gave his consent to 
the granting us any more money. 

To this Alderman Heathcote reply'd, that he would see what the 
Colony was good for, if the house pleased to grant the enquiring into 
it, as the Trustees modestly hinted their desire might be done. Then 
he expatiated on the esteem he had for Georgia tho he had been 
obliged to quit the Trust for want of health, & his living much in the 
Country. That many vile reports had been disperst abroad to the 
disparagement of the Trustees, and he had himself been told they di- 
vided among themselves 1000<£ p ann. That he had also heard in- 
sinuations dropt in this house, that the establishment of the Colonie 
is a chimera. That the Gentlemen in the Trust must therefore be very 
uneasie to see their disinterested labours for the Publick so ill requited, 
and it was but justice to indulge their request of laying before the 
house the importance of the Colony, that if the house should be con- 
vinced thereof, they might be encouraged to go on, but if otherwise, 
that they might discharge themselves of all trouble, & give the mat- 
ter up. He concluded, with saying, he would not himself make a 
motion for a day to go on the enquiry desired, but he wish'd some 
other gentleman would do it. 

Then L? Baltimore rose and after expressing his good opinion of 
the Colony, moved Thursday Sennit might be appointed which M? 
Hooper seconded. 

The Speaker then prepared to put the question, when very unluck- 
ily & injudiciously, but with an innocent meaning, M? Digby said he 
wish'd a nearer day were pitch'd on, for he apprehended some of our 
Evidences who were sea Captains, might sail away before so distant a 
day came on. 

This, the Speaker readily laying hold on, gave him an opportunity 
to say, since that might be the case, the petition when refer'd to the 
Comittee of Supply and there consider'd, might be attended by the 
wittnesses we had to produce, and Gentlemen might there ask them 
what questions they pleased to support the allegations of the peti- 
tion. 

Accordingly the petition was refer'd to the Comittee of Supply, and 
nothing more said that day, only M* Sloper told the house that we 
should not ask for much money : for that we had saved as much out 



188 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

of the lasb years grant as perhapps would answer the civil charges of 
the Gov^ of Georgia, but the thing wanted was money to render the 
Inhabitants usefull to Gr. Britain. 

NB. it must be observed that when he said this, he depended on 
the repayment of the 2000 £ due to us for what had been advanced 
for the Military Service of the Colony, which we were tricked out of, 
neither did he rightly estimate the Expences of the Colony, which 
when the 4000.£ we intended to ask for should be granted, would 
with what small sum we had remaining in our hands not suffice to 
give any tolerable encouragement for usefull produces, as I shew'd in 
my protest of 10 Dec 1 ! 1 

29 Jan7 1739-40. I drew up for the use of our Members, Answers 
to Queries $• objections that may arise in the Comittee of Supply, when 
the Trustees petition shall be taken into consideration. But it proved 
of no use, no Enquiry being made. 

30 JanH 34. [Present,] Digby Edw?, Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Sloper Will., Ver- 
non Ja., C. C, Shaftsbury, T. 

A Comitee only met, tho all the Trustees were surnond to consider 
of the proper Evidence necessary to be produced to shew the Impor- 
tance & advantages of Georgia to Great Britain at the Comitee of 
Supply, pursuant to the leave given the 28 t . h inst by the House of 
Comons ; and to consider if the said Evidences should voluntarily 
attend, or be sumond by the Speakers Warrant to be moved for thurs- 
day next. 

Tho this was a matter of the highest concern, yet how few attended 
this day is seen in the margent. Of all SF Robert Walpoles people, 
only M T - Sloper came The rest I suppose having better intelligence 
than us, that no Evidence would be suffer'd to be examin'd. 

1. We settled the order of our Evidence, and to what points they 
should speak when call'd on. We also agreed on proper motions to be 
made when the Evidence had done ; but we being few, & this affair 
taking up time, we did not settle who should make the motions, or 
who manage the Evidence, neither the day when the petition should 
be call'd for, which however we hoped would be next monday, for 
w°. h purpose M? Vernon undertook to speak to M? Vane, chairman 
of the Comittee of Supply, to permit it to come on that day. 

Accordingly when we broke up, MT Vernon went to M 1 . Scroop 
SecT of the Treasury, where he knew he should find MT Vane his 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 189 

nephew, and soon perceived by him, that the Ministry were allarm'd 
at our intention to have the importance of Georgia appear to the 
house. MT Vane ask'd him what the Trustees intended by it ? Mr 
Vernon reply'd, it was to see whether the Parliament would have as 
good an opinion as the Trustees have, & to shew our reasons why we 
have that good opinion, in order to stop the clamours raised against us. 
Mr Scroop said that was proper : but it seems SF Robert Walpole did 
not think so. 

He and M. r Vane agreed the affair should come on next monday. 

1 Feb. 1739-40 Gen! Oglethorpe wrote to Col. Stephens from Fred- 
erica, an Acct of his taking the Forts S* Francisco di Pupo, and Pico- 
lata, much agreeing with that given by Cap* Mark Car (see Fol. 
[185]) only exagerating a little the service done, and giving a more 
particular relation of the strength, number and situation of the Span- 
ish Forts in Florida. 

Col. Stephens enclosed it to us, & we rece? it y? 2 May. 

2 February. 35. [Present,] Archer (Hen., Archer (Tho., Digby (Edw?, Egmont, 
Holland (Rog", P., Lapotre (Hen.,) C. C, Anderson Ad™, Shaftsbury, T. T. 

A Trustee Board was sumond, and all the Members desired to be 
present, to consider of the further proceedings in Parliament, previous 
to, and in the Comittee of Supply. 

1. We seal'd sola bills to the value of 600£. viz. 100 bills of 5£ 
each : & 100 at 20 shillings each. 

2. Then Mf Digby, MF Vernon, & Mf Hen. Archer reported a 
Conference they had yesterday morning with the Speaker, touching 
the Parliaments hearing our Evidence in behalf of Georgia, and the 
motion we proposed to make to the house for obtaining an instruction 
to the Comittee of Supply to report to the house their opinion of the 
advantages accruing to Great Britain from Georgia. 

They said the Speaker gave his judgment that no motion of that 
kind could be made, because Committees of Supplyes, never received 
instructions to report their opinions ; tho if they did, he saw no occa- 
sion for it in our case. 

They reply'd, that since no instructions might be given to Comittees 
of Supplyes to give their opinions, it was still of importance our Evi- 
dence should be heard, that the world should be set right as to their 
opinion of the Colony. 

He answer'd that he had himself a good opinion of it, and beleived 



190 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

most people thought the thing good enough. That our bare offering 
to produce Evidence sufficiently clear'd it up, whether the house in- 
dulged us in that or not. If we would persist to have them call'd on 
we might, but as to instructions to the Comittee, or any motion after- 
wards in favour of the Colony, he would not advise it, even tho 
proper, for we should find an opposition in the house thereto. 

They then proposed that to the motion for granting us 4000 <£, 
some words at least might be added implying a good opinion of the 
Colony, tho no judgment exprest : 

To this he at first seem'd to give way, but afterwards went off from 
it. 

When they had ended their report, I told them it was evident the 
Speaker had received SF Robert Walpoles instructions on this affair, 
who thought the lower he could keep us in the worlds opinion, the 
greater must be our dependance on him. That this only convinced 
me we ought to persist, & since we could make no motion in favour 
of the Colony, we ought to add some words that were favourable, to 
our motion for money, which I wish'd might be as strong as possible : 
still insisting that the Evidence should be heard. This after some de- 
bate was agreed to, and that the words should run thus — That the 
Comittee having heard the Evidence pi'oduced to shew the utility of 
Georgia to Great Britain, Resolv'd that a sum not exceeding 4000<£ 
be granted for further settling & improving the Colony. 

3. Then we desired M? Digby to speak to my Lord Baltimore, & 
L? Shaftsbury to speak to M? Hooper, and obtain of them to take 
briefs of the questions to be ask'd our Evidence. 

4. Thus were the Trustees treated like children. 

5. And I was not a little sorrowfull to observe our board so thinly 
attended, at a time of great perplexity. 

On the 4*? 1 feb^, being monday, a Comittee of Supply day, we were 
in hopes that our affair would be debated, and a fair opportunity was 
given for it, by the Lord Gage, (tho he meant us no good therein) 
for he moved that all letters, Representations & Memorials sent over 
from Georgia to the Trustees, within 2 years past, together with the 
Trustees answers might be lay'd before the house : for (added he) I 
desire to come at the knowledge of two things : 1. whether the Trus- 
tees charter has not granted away more land to the Province of Geor- 
gia than belongs to Great Britain ; & 2. whether the Ministry are re- 
solved to keep Georgia, or give it up by Treaty to the Spaniards. 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 191 

Had his Lordship confin'd himself barely to the motion, and not 
given such absurd reasons for making it, I beleive it would have been 
agreed to, but ST Robert Walpole, who never intended an enquiry 
should be made, was the more confirm 'd in his resolution, when he 
found an attack made upon himself, and even his Majesties prudence 
question'd in granting the charter, and imediatly cry'd out adjourn ; 

L? Baltimore also, our friend, got up, & said this was a most ex- 
troardinary motion, to imagine his Majesty could give away to the 
Trustees lands not belonging to Great Britain : he also thought it 
very hard, that all letters received by the Trustees, should be laid open 
to the house, for possibly there might be some Lady's in Georgia who 
held correspondence with the Trustees not fit for others to see. all 
which he spoke to ridicule the motion. 

But Sf Robert who was more serious cry'd again adjourn, and his 
creatures did the same. 

Then L? Gage rose again, and said, if the calling for letters was 
not liked of, he would drop that part of his motion, & only insist on 
Memorials & Representations : and good reason (said he) I have for 
it ; for it will be found upon enquiry, that the Trustees, tho Men of 
the strictest honour, have put the Colony of Georgia upon so wrong 
a foot, as must absolutly ruin it. I have (continued he) my pocket 
full of papers, that shew it cannot subsist in the manner it goes on, on 
which account the Inhabitants have almost deserted it. Then pulling 
out the Representation from Savaiiah formrely mentioned, for change 
of Tenure & the use of Negroes with liberty to alienate their lands, 
Here is said he a Representation from the whole Colony, & signed by 
every man in it, complaining they are ruin'd. he then with leave of 
the house read the most virulent paragraphs in the Representation 
under colour of making them part of his speech. 

SF Robert Walpole still very uneasie call'd again to adjourn, 

But MF LaRoche got up and desired to be heard a few words. 

He said, that it appear'd by the paragraphes now read that the ob- 
jections to the Trustees conduct were the prohibiting females to in- 
herit, and not allowing the use of Negroes, or selling their lands. 
That as to the first, and last, the Trustees considerd the Colony was 
new, and that many difficulties would arise in settling it with such 
variety of poor people, and also from the hardship such poor people 
must undergo for a time. That whatever measures could be taken to 
keep the Inhabitants on the spot whilst labouring under their great- 
est difficulties was judged prudent to put in use, and it was also 



192 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

thought necessary to prevent female succession for a time, that the 
land might have a male owner to cultivate it : 

But if the Inhabitants had liberty to alienate their land, they 
would first run in debt, and then morgage it, by which means the 
land would come into a few hands, and cultivation would cease, and 
the Province be of course deserted. That the Inhabitants knew the 
conditions of their Grants, before they took them, and at that time, 
made no objections to them. That whereas L? Gage had informed 
the house, that the Representation was sign'd by all the Inhabitants, 
it was so far from true, that counter representations had been sent 
over, to stop the effect of it. Lastly, as for the papers & Memorials 
desired, it would take time to transcribe them, and he knew not if 
copies or Originals were intended. 

ST Robert Walpole still insisted to adjourn, upon which ST John 
Hind Cotton said he really thought it reasonable the house should 
know the condition of the Colony, otherwise they would give their 
money away blindly. 

ST Robert still very impatient cryed out adjourn, and his friends 
were very noisy for it : 

But MT Henry Archer got up, & said The Trustees would be glad 
L? Gages's motion should pass, for their earnest desire was that their 
conduct should be enquired into, And as to the complaint that females 
might not inherit, that tenure was alterd in their favour, and now 
they do inherit, and the Proprietors can do every thing an English- 
man by law may do, except sell his land, but he may bequeath it by 
will to any relation or friend. 

MT Digby also said the Trustees were desirous the state of the Col- 
ony should be enquired into, if the house would please to go upon it. 

But ST Robert Walpole & his people still cry'd out adjourn. 

Then ST J? Barnard said he was & had been a Friend to the Col- 
ony, but indeed he had him self received letters of complaint, & 
thought it fit a day should be appointed to consider the state of the 
Colony, that if there were mistakes in the constitution of it, they 
might be rectified. That particularly the Trustees had forbid the 
use of Negroes. He wish'd none of the Plantations found it necessary 
to have any, But since Carolina (which can raise all the produces 
that Georgia proposes) is so near a Neighbour to the latter, & uses 
the labour of Negroes, it appear'd impossible to him that Georgia 
should ever be able to support itself without Negroes, because Caro- 
lina would undersell them. 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 193 

This "was the last speech made in this days debate on the Colony : 
for Sf Robert & his those with him made such an intolerable noise, 
adjourn, adjourn, that the Speaker (who had likewise his Cue) put 
the question for adjourning and so L? Gage's motion fell. 

It is worth observing that of all our Trustees who are Members of 
Parliam? there were this day but six present at the debate, and M? 
Hucks, tho he knew of our Intention to push for a hearing, went 
away before L? Gage's motion, as if he would let the World know he 
cared nothing for the Colony, and in particular y* SF Robert Walpole 
should see it. 

I am willing to beleive the part L? Gage acted in this affair, pro- 
ceeded not of malice but vanity. He had in a former Parliament 
been very successfull in discovering the rogueries of the Trustees ap- 
pointed to sell the E. of Derwentwaters forfeited Estate, and being 
made to beleive great mismanagements had been comitted by the 
Trustees of Georgia, he hoped to get some reputation by being the 
Instrument of discovering them also. 

The person who prompted him to this, was the hot headed con- 
ceited & malicious M 1 . Tho. Stephens, who some weeks before had 
given observations on the Colony and the Trustees conduct thereof to 
some Members of Parliament unknown to the Trustees, wherein he 
calls them, the Magistrates & Gen} Oglethorpe all to nought, and 
proposes an enquiry to be made into our proceedings that other meas- 
ures may be taken to preserve the Colony from ruin. 

His pretence for coming to England was sickness, but it soon ap- 
peard his errant was of another sort, namely to blacken Gen! Ogle- 
thorpe's character, to overturn the whole constitution of the Colony, 
and the present set of Magistrates to turn out : and if we comply'd 
not w 1 ? his schemes, to expose us to the world's censure. Nor was he 
backward to own to me in several conversations, that much of this 
was in his view : Particularly this very morning, before the above 
debate, he came to my house : when I obraiding him with his ofncious- 
ness to prejudice the Trustees in the minds of the Parliament by 
comunicating to My Brampston a Member, and to others, a libel on our 
conduct ; and with giving to L? Gage a copy of the Savannah Repre- 
sentation whereby he might be furnish'd with dirt to bespatter us, 
which proceedings were little expected from the son of a Gentleman 
in our pay & service : he justified himself by saying that what he did 
was for the Colonies service, and to put it on a good foot, otherwise 
that it must dwindle to nothing. That for this end he labour'd that 

25 



194 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

the present bad state of the Colony should appear to the house in the 
fullest light, that they might interpose some remedy to retrieve & 
save it. That being in company with L? Gage and others, they had 
question'd him about the Colony, and desired his thoughts of it, 
whereupon he gave them an Account in writing of its languishing 
condition, of the causes thereof, and remedies to be applyed. 

I ask'd him what were those remedies, having not yet seen the 
paper ; 

He said the chief were an allowance of a limitted number of Ne- 
groes, and a change of Magistrates & Officers. 

I reply 'd that Negroes would never be allow'd, for we wanted them 
not for the works & produces we intended to carry on & raise, Be- 
sides our nearness to the Spaniards would endanger the throats of 
all white men to be cut by Negroes, especially now that the Spaniards 
give protection to Run away Negroes. That Col. Stephens his father, 
on whose wisdom the Trustees greatly relyed, had over & over in his 
letters expressed his aversion to Negroes, and certainly if they had 
rose lately in Carolina & kill'd 34 white men (for which 50 of them 
were put to death, there could be nothing more dangerous than to 
allow of them in our Colony, so thinly inhabited and so near to Au- 
gustine as it is. 

He said perhapps they might here and there kill a white, but the 
hazard must be run, for without Negroes the Colony must drop. That 
no produces tho ever so plentifull can turn to account without their 
help ; that as to his father's sense of Negroes, We should not judge 
of it by what he writes, he being afraid if he wrote the whole truth of 
disobliging Col. Oglethorpe : who is so ambitious, positive & vindic- 
tive, that it is dangerous to thwart him in his views. 

I told him, if the Colony is so poor and distrest as he represented, 
the Inhabitants would not be able to buy or borrow Negroes, if al- 
low'd to have them. That all the poor proprietor could do would be 
to give his 50 acre lot for security to the Negro Merch* who should 
lend him a Negro, which land in case of the Slaves death or desertion 
would be seized on by the Merchant, & so the Proprietor and his fam- 
ily be utterly undone. 

He reply'd the chance was not so great as I imagin'd, for in 4 years 
the work of a Negro would pay the price of him, and then the Negro 
would be his own. But should it happen that the Negro died or run 
away before, the case would only be that one man would be undone, 
whilst many others would thrive. 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 195 

I said if Negroes were allow'd, there would be a necessity of grant- 
ing a liberty of alienation of lands, for otherwise the Negro merchant 
would have no security for the slave he furnished ; but if the Inhabi- 
tants are really so poor as he pretended, they would most of them sell 
their lots if allow'd to alienate and abandon the Country, and the lands 
would fall into the hands of a few rich men. 

He reply'd, what if they did, what was it to England whether the 
lands were in a few or many hands ? 

I said a few hands would be the ruin of the very purpose for which 
the Colony was erected, which was to be a bariere to the other Prov- 
inces. 

I then took notice to him that I could not understand the Colony 
to be in so bad a condition as he represented, for by his fathers letters 
wrote since he came away, things had a fair aspect, a fine crop of corn 
was expected, and the people appear'd satisfied with change we had 
made in the Tenures. 

He answer'd, they might appear so, tho they were not, and suppos- 
ing their crop ever so good, it would not maintain them. 

I answer'd, I supposed his father knew what he wrote to be true, 
for he was on the spot, whereas him self being here could not pretend 
to affirm or deny it ; and as to the best crops not fully maintaining 
the Inhabitants, it might be true, but it would come greatly in aid, if 
they would industriously pursue the produces of silk and wine. 

He said the silk might do in time, but required a great number of 
Inhabitants, nevertheless white mens labour being 8 pence a day, it 
was doubtfull if the silk would turn to Ace* 

I reply'd the silk season for gathering leaves lasts but 6 weeks, and 
it is the business of women and children to wind it, whose labour 
costs nothing. That a woman & 2 children can wind from the Cocons 
30 or 40 pounds of silk in a year, which are so many pounds sterl? as 
appeard by the silk last sent us from Georgia, which was so valued by 
the most eminent dealer in raw silk in London. 

He said that was good news indeed, but the Trustees had been 
much imposed on in relation to that silk : for of the whole quantity 
sent us, there was but 5 pound made in Georgia, the rest being 
raised & made in Carolina, as a very honest man in Georgia wrote 
him word. 

I said we had received no such information, and what he told me 
surprised me. 

He answer'd, if I knew Col. Oglethorpe I should not be surprised, 



196 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

for it was one of his artifices to make it pass for Georgia silk, that the 
Colony might appear to advantage, and it shamed him to see the piti- 
f ull means he used on such occasions : of which one was to give a 
woman lately come from the Colony, money to speak advantageously 
of the Colony. In a word, whilst he remain'd in the Colony things 
would grow worse and worse : and th6 we might obtain this year the 
4000,£ we intend to ask for, yet the next year would fall heavy on 
him & the Trustees : all his artifices would come out, and the Trus- 
tees disgraced. 

I said we had a better opinion of Oglethorpe, esteeming him an 
honest wise & humane man : and surely he could not mean to destroy 
a Colony, of which he was in a manner the Founder. 

He answerd, that when men comitt errors, they will defend them 
at any cost. How ever, when the Parliament shall make enquiry into 
his doings, such remedies would be thought on as would set all right, 
and in that case he would return to Georgia, otherwise not. That his 
father was by his misfortunes obliged to stay there let things go how 
they would, but as to himself, he was young, and must take care of 
himself, and what inducement could I imagine a sallary of 25.£ a 
year, (as Clerk to his father) to be, for his return, when the succeed- 
ing him as Secretary, when he should die, was a precarious thing ? 
I said, if he behaved well, it was not precarious : 
He answer'd, he meant by precarious, his absolute certainty that in 
a year more the Colony will break up, if matters continue on the foot 
they are. 

I said the Trustees had hitherto acted according to the best of their 
understandings, & to the lights they received from Georgia, and prin- 
cipally from those his father sent us : that it was our desire the Par- 
liament should know the true state of the Colony, for which end we 
had wrote to his father to send it us at large, but it was not yet come, 
which much concerned me. That were the Parliam^ to take a state 
of it from what we at present knew, it would appear in a more fa- 
vourable light to them than what he represents. That I supposed 
when enquiry should be made, he intended to appear at the Bar an 
Evidence against us, but he should consider whether his appearance 
there would have the weight he expected, upon his single evidence to 
overturn the constitution of the Colony. That if he succeeded, the 
Trustees would surrender their charter, if not he would himself be 
disgraced. That he saw we were endeavouring to support the Colony, 
by our desire that the house would enquire into the advantages arris- 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 197 

ing to Great Britain from it, which would very probably introduce a 
debate concerning the condition y e Colony is now in, and how it came 
so, and in that case our Enemies would endeavour to expose us, yet 
knowing our Integrity we were resolv'd to run that risk, and hoped 
the evidence we should produce to shew the advantages of the Colony, 
would also be able to justify our measures, especially as to the not al- 
lowing of Negroes, so that what he intended to set forth would meet 
with contradiction, their credit being equall to his. 

He said he had read in the votes our petition, and with pleasure 
saw we desired the utility of the Colony might be enquired into, but 
yet we had asserted some false facts therein ; 

On my desiring him to name them, he pull'd the vote out of his 
pocket, and read that part where we told the house the people were 
taken off from their labour to prepare for their comon safety, £ de- 
prived of their crops by the late general drought : These assertions he 
said were false, for the people were not taken from their labour on 
ace* of Spanish allarms, which they totally disregarded, neither had 
there any drought happend that he knew of. 

I reply'd this was most extroardinary, for it absolutly contradicted 
not only his fathers Ace*. 8 , but that of other private Inhabitants to us, 
as also their letters to their friends in England which we had seen, it 
contradicted also the advices sent to the D. of Newcastle and to the 
Admiralty by the Captains of men of war on the American Station, 
and the late Representation sent by L* Gov? Bull of S. Carolina to 
the Board of trade not only wrote thereof, but that the French also 
had a design to invade the two Provinces. 

To this he reply'd nothing but that if the Spaniards had come they 
would have dislodged us, for the Forts we brag of are pittifull things 
not worth the mentioning. That Frederica Fort is only some boards 
set up Musket proof with a ditch about it, and Fort S* Andrew no 
better. 

I said, if our Forts were so bad, there was the more reason for the 
people to be allarm'd, & taken off from cultivation, but our letters 
from Georgia, and the persons now here who saw them and are judges 
of Fortification acquaint us that the Forts are much stronger than he 
represented them, and in particular M? Auspurger who built them. 

He reply'd MT Auspurger is an honest gentleman, and tho an 
Ingeneer, knows nothing of his proffession. That 1$ Delagal who 
garison'd one of the Forts is an interested person, and both would 
speak as instructed. 



198 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

I told him it was in vain to talk any more with him on these sub- 
jects, since every thing he said was to be taken for gospel, and all who 
spoke any thing to the contrary were fools and knaves. 

Thus we parted, he to L? Gage, and I to Westminster to know the 
success of our petition, the consideration whereof was adjourned as 
has been shewn above. 

6 Feb? 36. [Present,] Egmont, Lapotre, Vernon, C. C. 

The Trustees were sumond to meet in Comittee, it being expected 
that the L? Gage would make his motion this day that copies of let- 
ters, Memorials & Representations received from Georgia by the Trus- 
tees with the Trustees answers thereto, for 2 years past, should be 
laid before the house : wherefore it was desired we should meet to 
consider of the Speakers order thereupon if that motion past. 

But our Gentlemen thinking it of more importance to take early 
places in the house than to come to the Office, there scarce were any 
who attended the sumons. 

So I went to the house, where as was expected, L? Gage opend 
the debate by taking notice that the Trustees of Georgia desired they 
might be allow'd to produce Evidence as to the utility of their Colony 
to Great Britain : but he would say before hand, their Evidence 
would prove worth nothing, he being able on the other hand to pro- 
duce Evidence that would affirm the quite contrary of what the others 
should say, and shew that the Colony is not worth continuing, at so 
great an expence to the Publick, as the money which had annually 
been granted by Parliam* That he had in his hand a letter from a 
man of honour & substance in the Colony, setting forth the deplorable 
condition the Colony is in, that a great many Inhabitants were run 
away, and those remaining were unable to support themselves, and act- 
ually starving, that the writer had been 400 <£ out of pocket, and 
therefore his advice was, that if any money were given to the Trus- 
tees this year, it should be the last, & apply'd to bringing the Inhab- 
itants away. 

As he was going on, Mf Horace Walpole call'd him down to order, 
but said it was only to reconcile the matter & shorten the work, which 
might be done by chusing L? Gage a Trustee of Georgia, & then all 
would go well. 

I saw this ridiculous behaviour of MT Walpoles displeased the 
house, And truly it displeased mee to for it was turning a serious en- 
quiry into our Colony which the Trustees hoped for, into a jest, and 
hazard the Event. 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 199 

Lf Gage then rose a second time, and appeal'd to the Comittee 
whether he had been out of order in his speech, for his purpose was 
to make the letter part of his speech, and not to read it as a news 
paper. He then went on, and read the letter out, but neither named 
the person or date, nor made any motion. 

MT Digby thereupon got up & said, it was very new to hear a gen- 
tleman affirm that Evidences were worth nothing & could be dis- 
proved, even before they were heard : That for himself he had not 
such gift of prophecy, but would say, as one who had understanding 
of the matter, and had seen the Evidence, that the Trustees were suf- 
ficiently able to shew the importance of the Colony to Great Britain, 
arising from the valuable produces that may there be raised, the capac- 
ity & safety of its harbours, and the security it gives to the more 
northern Provinces. That the persons to prove these things were 
good judges, and of un-exceptionable character, and knowing it to be 
the desire of the Trustees that the house would receive this satisfac- 
tion before they granted more money for the further support of the 
Colony, he would move in the first place that Cap! Diamond should 
be call'd in. 

It was the duty of MT Fane, Chairman of the Comittee, to give 
order for the Cap* to be brought to the Bar, but he (according to ST 
Rob* Walpoles instructions) pretended not to hear him, & tho MT 
Digby named him over & over with a loud voice, was absolutly deaf ; 
whilst ST Robert and his creatures made an unaccountable confused 
noise. L? Baltimore said something but could not be heard, tho when 
S? Abraham Elton rose to speak, ST Robert was willing enough to let 
him be heard, his purpose being to read a letter (which was allow'd 
him) from MT Robert "Williams (the framer of the Savahah Repre- 
sentation) complaining of the bad State of the Colony, wherein he had 
thrown away 2400£, and was now return'd to England with resolu- 
tion not to return. 

Alderman Heathcote observing how unwilling the Comittee was to 
let our Evidence be examined, and that the Party call'd the Minority 
did not support us, as was expected, moved that money might be 
granted to the Trustees first, and afterwards the state of the Colony 
might be enquired into, which L? Tirconnel whose part was to move 
for money, foolishly acquiescing in, accordingly moved for 4000<£. 

MT Will. Pulteney then got up, and said he observed that the 
Great Ministry were ever averse to enquiryes of any sort, but the lit- 
tle Ministry of Georgia desired nothing more than that their conduct 



200 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

might be examin'd into : this he said was very unusual, & shew'd 
they thought they could give a good account of themselves, at least it 
had an honest aspect, and they who knew the character & worth of 
the Gentlemen in that Trust could not think otherwise of them : 
wherefore th6 all the care possible ought to be taken of the publick 
money, he was for closing with the motion, & for this once granting 
the 4000J desired. 

Then rise up Col. J? Mordaunt (a Creature of S? Robert, and bitter 
Enemy to the Trustees) and observed to the Comittee, that the two 
things proposed by the Trustees was to raise silk & wine. That as to 
the former, Mulberry trees grow all over the Colony, and in 2 years 
the Inhabitants might have produced silk, if it would do, but they 
had been settled 7 years and none appear'd ; and as to wine, he 
wish'd them good luck with it, but if they were to drink no liquour 
except wine of their own making, they would be the soberest people 
under the sun. That to speak more seriously, the Colony had cost 
the Nation a vast sum, and it was now time to put an end to it. The 
house might if they pleased give the 4000,£, but if the Trustees 
should come again the next year for more, he would venture to say 
without setting up for a prophet, that not one gentleman would be for 
giving them a farthing. 

The sum was then voted, and the Comittee broke up, very impa- 
tient to have been kept so long on this affair. 

MT Vernon, MF Lapotre, the 2 MF Archers & I came away with a 
heavy heart, to see our great aim of an enquiry defeated, and the 
Colony treated so ludricously, and with so little regard by both the 
Court & Country party. Besides the letters read by L? Gage and Sr 
Abraham Elton must have left an ill impression on the Members, 
which if our Evidences might have been heard, they would not have 
done. Had M? Sandyes, or SF J? Bernard or some other leading Man 
said any thing in our behalf, the matter would probably have taken 
another turn, but they all resolved to sit silent, by which 'twas visi- 
ble tin Trustees stood in no good light with either Party. 

We the above mentioned dined together, and concurr'd in opinion, 
that it was highly necessary the Trustees should print for our justifi- 
cation a state of the Colony & its utility to Great Britain, & therein 
to incert the Evidence we intended to give the Comittee, which should 
also be sworn to. 

The same evening Mf Thomas Archer wrote me a letter expressing 
his great un-easiness at the Reflexions cast on us in the debate, and de- 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 201 

siring the Trustees might meet him at my house the next morning to 
agree upon a motion for appointing a day to consider the state of the 
Colony, which would come most properly upon the Comittees report 
of the 4000 <£ granted us, & which to morrow would be made. 

Accordingly I wrote to several, & there met M? Digby, Mr La- 
Roche, Mf Vernon, Mr Tho. Towers, and the two Archers, when it 
was resolved that MT Henry Archer should asoon as the Report was 
made, get up, & complain of the Reflections cast the day before upon 
us, and express the Trustees desire that the house would yet hear our 
Evidence. He did so, and the terms he as set down in writing, were 
as follows : 

Sir, The Trustees for Georgia are very uneasie at the Treatment 
they received yesterday, as if the execution of the Trust was a chimer- 
ical Project. They are still more uneasie, that when they had their 
Evidence ready to produce, to shew the contrary, an opportunity was 
not given them. I wont trouble the house with any motion now, but 
only desire as one of that body, in the name of the whole, to have an 
opportunity when the house shall please, to examine into the utility 
of the Province, and if the House should then differ with them in 
opinion, to have leave to surrender their Charter. 

To this nothing was reply'd, and so the house proceeded to the busi- 
ness of the day : But a friend of mine then in the gallery told me that 
tho he was not sure, yet he verily beleived he heard S? Rob* Walpole 
say to those that sat next him, when MT Archer concluded his speech, 
aye, aye : the sooner the better. 

All that now remain'd for the Trustees to do, was to manage the 
4000 £ to the best advantage, and to encourage as fast as could be, 
the raising produces that the Inhabitants might support themselves. 
And in order to be well arm'd against a future enquiry, our Ac- 
comp* was directed to write to Col. Oglethorpe a minute Ace* of the 
debates on our affairs, that he might know how bad a foot we stood 
on, and how necessary it was that he should fairly & fully inform us 
of the condition of the Colony. I also advised that all important no- 
tices on this head sent from the Magistrates and Officers in Georgia, 
should be there sworn to, for which my reasons were, that too flatter- 
ing and puffing ace*? might not be wrote to us which might mislead 
us, and be objected ag st as false by our Enemies, And that what was 
contained in Affidavits would have the greater weight with the world 
when our book of the state of Georgia should be publish'd. 
26 



202 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

9 Febf 1739-40. M? J? Brownfeild wrote an excuse to the Trus- 
tees for his not having yet sent over an Ace? of the Registerd Grants 
of lands ;in Savannah ; that soon after he had received our Orders 
about last October, he began a rough draft thereof, and of the Im- 
provements in Savannah and the adjacent villages & settlements but 
having gone through a good part thereof was taken ill, & so contin- 
ues, but would pursue it when his strength recover'd. 

13 Feb? 37. [Present,] Digby £dw. d , Egmont, Holland Rog r .% P., Lapotre Hen., 
Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson Ad™, Shaftsbury, T. T. 

A Trustee board was sumon'd to consider the best method of ac- 
quainting the Publick with the Utility of Georgia, and justifying the 
Conduct of the Trustees. 

1. Mf Auspurger attended, and his Grant of land not being ready, 
he was contented with our putting the Seal to a paper containing the 
substance thereof to take with him to morrow to Swisserland, to shew 
his friends, and facilitate his procuring servants. The Grant had be- 
fore been order'd by the Comon Council, and will be ready to perfect 
at his return. 

2. Order'd him 14<£ for 28 days attendance to give Evidence at 
the bar of the H. of Comons if call'd upon, which was an expence & 
loss of time to him. We could not regularly do this, being not a 
Comon Council, but the thing was so reasonable, we doubted not the 
Comon Council would confirm it. 

3. We gave MT Vernon an instruction in writing to wait on M? 
Scroop Sec? of the Treasury, to desire he would remind SF Rob* Wal- 
pole concerning our Memorial to be repaid the 2000 £ advane'd by 
us for the military affairs of the Colony. 

4. The widow Cheesright attended, who had been publickly whip'd 
in Georgia for cutting a child at nurse with her down the back with a 
knife, and had been 3 years in England, whether she fled after her 
husband's death. She complain'd Mf Causton had when in power 
taken from her a servant that cost 6 guineas, and never made her rep- 
aration. She desired we would make enquiry into her house & lot in 
Savannah, and order the selling or setting it for her advantage. 

We promised to do it. 

5. We then debated on the subject matter of our Summons, and 
agreed to print an Ace 1 of Georgia, and of our proceedings in set- 
tling it, but to suspend the publishing it till further thought advisa- 
ble. Most were of opinion to defer it till the near approach of next 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 203 

Sessions of Parliam* least if we did it during the present Session, we 
should be look'd on as appealing to the people from the parliam* on 
ace* of their refusing to hear our Evidence. 

20 Feb y . 38. [Present,] Digby Edw?, Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., Sloper 
Will., L? Tirconnel, Towers Christ?, Vernon Ja., C. C, Heathcote Sf Will., 
Shaftsbury, T. T. 

The Trustees were sumond to meet in Comittee to examine the 
drafts of the Depositions of the Wittnesses who could shew the Utility 
of Georgia. 

1. We went through the examinations of Cap* Shubrick & Cap*. 
Dempsy, to which they were to make affidavit before a Master in 
Chancery. 

2. I laid before the board a computation of Negroes labour com- 
pared with that of white servants, which had been given me by Mf 
Tho. Stephens, to induce me to be for allowing Negroes in the Col- 
ony. He pretended to make it appear in figures and distinct Articles, 
that the Owner of 10 white servants must necessarily be a loser in 4 
years time, of 119 £ : But the Owner of 10 Negroes a gainer in 4 
years of 193 £. 

But it was observed by the gentlemen, that the Account was par- 
tially drawn up, and all present exprest great aversion to Negroes. 

Cap* Dempsy also who was present and knew the Colony well as- 
sured us white men if industrious may support themselves without 
the help of Negroes, which last if sufferd in the Colony, there would 
not 50 out of 500 remain in 2 months time, for they would fly to the 
Spaniards, wherefore it would not be fit to allow of them until all 
Florida be in our hands for then they would have no place to retreat 
to. 

3. The Proposal of a certain Jew to go to Georgia and make cochi- 
neal was read, but he demanded so unreasonable encouragement that 
we could not agree thereto, for he would have 2000£ reward upon pro- 
ducing a sample of a quantity made by him & his Partners. How- 
ever, as it was a produce much to be desired, and as he had been bred 
to the business in Mexico, we desired him to attend the next board 
day, & in the mean time to consider with himself whether he would 
abate of his extravagant demand. 

22 Febf 1739-40. This evening M? Verelts wrote me the follow- 
ing letter by which it appear'd that ST : Bob* 5 Walpole purposed to de- 



204 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

feat our expectation of being repaid the 2000 £ advanc'd by us for the 
Military Services of Georgia, not withstanding his reiterated promises. 
My Lord, 

Yesterday and to day, I have been employ'd, in' solli citing 
the Success of the Memorial for the 2000<£ Military Services unpro- 
vided for. MT Tilson assured me, it was read on tuesday, and ST Rob- 
ert present, who said nothing at all to it and therefore advised me to 
take it back, and give it L? Sidney, to obtain ST Roberts direction to 
ST Will™ Young in the house to put it into the Estimate of military 
services incurr'd unprovided for ; I saw L? Sidney, and he spoke to MT 
Scroop and ST Will. Young yesterday in the house. MT Scroop at 
first said the Memorial was deliver'd to MT Tilson and not to him, 
which I know to be false, for I deliver'd it to MT Scroop my self : 
And ST' Will™ Young said he could now take no notice of it, for his 
Account was closed. This day, L4 Sidney promised to acquaint ST 
Robert that this Memorial was presented pursuant to his direction, 
and that the Trustees depend upon his providing for it, for had they 
not pursued his directions therein, they would have set forth those mil- 
itary services incurr'd and not provided for, in their petition to Parlia- 
ment, and had their vote for 6000<£ instead of 4000<£. mentioning the 
services of the said 2000<£ distinct. I am 

&c 
Harman Verelts. 

27 Fety. 39. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Hales Steph.,Lapotre Hen., Sloper 
Will., Smith Sam!., Towers The-., Vernon Ja. 

The Trustees were sumon'd again to meet in Comittee to consider 
the proposal of Nunez the Jew & Belanger his Companion, relating to 
the production of cochineal, in Georgia. But they did not attend. 

1. MT Loyd & MT Zachary appeard, the one an eminent dealer in 
raw silk, the other in weaving fine silks. They came at our desire to 
give their judgment on the silk lately brought over from Georgia by 
MT Ausperger, and after carefully examining it, declared it to be as 
good and as well work'd as any in Piedmont. MT Zachary said if we 
would send him 500 Pounds of it he would pay us a guinea a pound 
for it. He added that 25 pounds of Cocons will make 2 pound of silk, 
and a woman may spin a pound of 12 Ounces in one day, whilst the 
spinning season lasts, which is about 40 days in the year. 

2. MT Archer acquainted us that MT Scroop told him that the 2000<£ 
we desired of the Treasury could not be put into St Will m Youngs 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 205 

Estimate of services unprovided for, because we did not produce a cer- 
tificate that the money was expended by us in the Military Service. 
Whereupon we order'd a letter to Col. Cochran (now in Scotland) to 
certifie the Ace* of that 2000 £. 

3. We agreed among ourselves not to fill up this year the place of 
Comon Council man vacant by L? Carpenters resignation, because 
of the difficulty of finding a proper person in so short a time as the 
approaching Anniversary day allow'd, especially as we lay at present 
under great disrepute. 

4. I acquainted them that it was however, necessary the other va- 
cancy occasion'd by S* Will. Heathcotes resignation must necessarily 
be fill'd up, or we should want a sufficient number many times to 
make Comon Council boards : which having duly consider'd, I had 
with much difficulty prevayld on the Earl of Shaftsbury to return to 
us and accept to be re-elected a Comon Counsellor. That it was the 
violent persuasions of L4 Limerick w c . h made him leave us on account 
of the greater number of our Members voting for the Convention, but 
that he had always continued a well wisher to our Colony, and it 
would be a great Credit to us in the low condition and repute we were 
now in, to see a Nobleman of his rank & excellent character become a 
Comon Counsellor again, which I assured them he did purely because 
he saw the Trustees & the Colony run down in a barbarous manner. 
They were all extreamly pleased w*. 11 this. 

5 th March. 40. [Present,] Digby Edw?, Egmont, Hales Stev., Holland Rog'.", La- 
potre Hen., Smith Sam., P., L? Tirconnel, Towers Tho., Tracy Rob', Vernon Ja., 
C. C, Anderson Ad?, Shaftsbury, T. T. 

A Trustee board was sumon'd to consider the Jew's proposal for 
producing Cochineal in Georgia, but they came not being sick. 

1. I deliver'd to the board the Observations or rather libel of M? 
Tho. Stephens upon the Trustees and the Colony, setting forth the 
bad condition the Inhabitants are in, the reasons why, and the reme- 
dies. The terms of it are harsh & reproachfull on the Trustees & Col. 
Oglethorpe, and the whole seems calculated to destroy both the Col- 
ony & the Trustees in the minds of the people who should read it, for 
this paper is the same he gave MF Brampston two months ago, un- 
known to the Trustees, for him and other Members of Parliam? to 
make their use of. 

The Gentlemen gave it a reading, and with great indignation, or- 
der'd a copy of it should be transmitted to Col. Stephens, and to Col. 



206 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

Oglethorpe, it may be seen in my 4*. h Vol. of Georgia Transactions 
in England. 

2. Andrew Salice a Grison servant to the Trust whose service was 
expired being return'd from Georgia to go to his own Country, at- 
tended the board. He complain'd that M? Tho. Jones had wrong'd 
him in not paying him the subsistance & cloathes covenanted for, nor 
paying for his wifes labour. He was our publick gardiner at Savan- 
nah, and said he left thousands of mulberry trees in it, and that with 
dunging the ground was tolerable good. He inveigh'd ag B * M? Jones 
for his roughness, w c . h he affirm'd would drive many out of the Colony. 

We told him we could say nothing to his complaint, nor pay him 
his demand, till letters should come from Georgia, which we expected 
in a week, and then as things appear'd, no injustice should be done 
him. 

3. The conduct of M? Thomas Stephens appear'd so injurious to 
the Board, that MfVerelts was desired, when he should see him next 
to tell him the Gentlemen had nothing more to say him, which hav- 
ing acquainted him with, he pertly reply'd, Well then I must justify 
my self in print. 

9 1 * March 1739-40. Arrived Col. Oglethorpes letters of the 19. 
20 t i h Oct. 1739. (See the contents of them fol. [146, 147]. 

The same day M? Verelts acquainted me that upon asking M? White 
(of whom I have so often made mentiond) to pay his share of the pic- 
ture painted by MT Verelt's brother, wherein he represented the 24 
Comon Counsellors (of which he then was one) extreamly like, he 
reply'd, yes I'le pay it provided you will cut out my face. 

I mention this to shew his hatred to us, so great, that he would not 
so much as be seen in company with us, even in a picture. 

10 March, MT Whitfeild wrote the Trustees that he was very intent 
on filling his Orphan house with all the children he could get : 

1. That at Frederica he could hear of but 2 Orphans ; That Gen? 
Ogletho?'pe had wrote to him on that subject a letterfull of evasions, 
and directly contrary to our grant of them, by which he understood 
we had given him up all Orphans in general under the age of 14 or 
15 years. That Mr Parker made some objection to giving up 2 that 
were in his house, but the other Magistrates over ruled him. That 
the children under his care go to school only 4 or 5 hours in the day, 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 207 

the rest of their time being employed in work. That spinning went 
on well, and the house was in great forwardness. 

2. That Gen! Oglethorpe had advanc'd him 150 £ towards building 
a church at Savannah. 

3. And that if we would put the money destined for religious pur- 
poses into his hands, he would see it effectually expended. 

11. March 1739-40. Arrived Gen! Oglethorpes letter to the Trus- 
tees dat. 16. Nov b . r 

See the contents fol. [158.] 

The same day M? Verelts rec? a letter from Mr Moore Sec? to Gen! 
Oglethorpe dat. 22. Dec b . r acquainting him that the Gen! was return'd 
to Frederica from his Expedition to S? Juans River, well and in good 
spirits. 

The same day also arrived the Acc*. s of the Comissioners in Geor- 
gia, by Capt Cornish : but they were not come to the Office. 

12. March. 41. [Present,] Lapotre Hen., L? Tirconnel, P., Tracy Rob', Vernon 
Ja., C. C, Shaftsbury, T. 

A Trustee board was sumond to consider of letters arrived from 
Col. Oglethorpe, dat. 20 Oct. 1739, and 16 Nov b . r 1739. (See their 
contents fol. [147 & 158].) 

1. Refer'd the said letters to a Comittee of Correspondence ; 

2. Order'd that so much as in the said letters relates to the defence 
of the Colony, such as the necessity of a troop of Rangers on pay, pay 
for those who head the Indians, the establishment of 4 ten oard boats 
the want of Canon amunition &c be layd before the D. of Newcastle, 
in a letter from our Sec7 to MT Stone his Grace's Secret?. 

3. Resolv'd that a Memorial be presented to the L4 S Comissioners 
of the Treasury, that the Trustees having by a Memorial dated 23 Jan? 
last prayed to be repay'd the sum of 2000<£ which they computed had 
been expended for the military defence of the Colony by their servants 
there, and which the Trustees were not able nor justified by the Grant 
of Parliament to support : and having now obtained further particu- 
lars of the sum expended, & received certificates of the services, and 
the real expence thereof, amounting to the sum of 1987. 0.8j They 
humbly desire their Lordships will provide for the reimbursment of 
the Trustees the said expences ; For without such reimbursment the 
Trustees will not be able to carry on the Civil concernes of the Colony. 

This Memorial being instantly drawn fair, the seal was put to it. 



208 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

12 March 1739-40. Arrived letters from Col. Oglethorpe of 5* 
& 11. Oct b . r 

(See their contents fol. [141].) 

Also a letter of M* Tho. Jones to M* Verelts dat. 11 Oct b . r (see 
the contents fol. [143.].) 

Came also the Grant of lands made by the Creek nation to the 
Trustees 11. Aug. 1739. 

See copy of the same in my 5 th - Vol. of Georgia Transactions in 
America. 

14. March 1739/40 Col. Stephens sent over an Ace* of the Trus- 
tee servants in the Northern Division, at that time subsisting with 
observants on them : by which it appear'd that there were then, 

On the Trustees hands in their service 124 

Made over to the Inhabitants for money, w c . h they have not paid the 

Trustees, but are still indebted 46 

Servants who purchassed their freedome of the Trustees which scarce 

auy had paid for 16 

186 

Besides 24 servants deceased before said 14. March. 

15 March 1739/40. Mf Tho. Jones wrote to M* Verelts, as fol- 
lows: 

1. That he would not accept the place of Overseer of the Trustees 
Servants, but continued to employ them as usefully as he could but 
he found it impracticable to follow strictly the Instructions concerning 
them. 

2. That he had undertaken the Office of 3? Bailif, tho he thought 
himself incapable of executing it. 

3. That he endeavour'd to prevent litigious actions, which were 
promoted by the Magistrates & Officers for their fees. 

4. That Ml 7 Oglethorpe for this purpose had order'd, that no action 
for debt should be issued, unless sign'd by 2 of the Bailifs. 

5. That MF Fallowfeild and M? Christie were not pleased therew*? 1 
who have obliged persons to enter into bonds made payable to private 
persons, which they have not return'd into Court, nor are recorded. 

6. That M T - Williamson had used him ill in Col. Oglethorpes pres- 
ence. 

7. That he and the Comissioners appointed to state the Acc*. s had 
made but little progress, & he fear'd should never come to a certain 
knowledge of their state. 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 209 

8. That by Mr Caustons Cash Ace! which had been sent us, he had 
made the ballance in his favour 789.12. 4| but having then forgotten 
several sums rec? by him, which now he debited his Cash Ace! w*. h to 
the amount of 747.15.8|. That he (Jones) had found near 1000<£ 
mistake therein, and particularly some Errors in Montaguts Ace* of 
Cash said to be paid by him, and produced a copy of that Ace! sign'd 
by Ml Causton, different from that as enter'd in the Cash book ; where- 
upon Mr Causton grew angry, & would not proceed to examine those 
objections made to his Ace! 

That as to Caustons Ace* with the Trustees (exclusive of his Ace! 
of Cash, he makes a ballance due to the Trustees 1474.16.7^ But it is 
far short of his real Debt. 

9. That he had sent by Cap! Thompson on ace! of the Trustees a 
barril of skins in number 118. weight 131 p? 

The same 15 March 1739-40 came 1. Col. Stephens letter to W. 
Verelts dat. 6 Oct. with his Journal from 8 Sept b . r to that day, where- 
in he imparts the death of Old Tomochachi, & his honourable burial 
in the middle of the great square at Savannah. 

2. Came also Col. Oglethorpes state of Georgia as it stood y e 11. 
Oct. which was in the main satisfactory, and divers copies were made 
to shew our friends. 

19 March 1739-40. M! Verelts acquainted me that he had deliverd 
our new Memorial with the certificates necessary, to MT Scroop, who 
on receiving them said it was very well : so we conceived hopes that 
our 2000£ would be repaid us, before next Session of Parliam! for 
tho the Estimate for services incurr'd was already given in, wherein 
no mention was made of our demand, yet it is usual for the Gover- 
ment to pay military services incurr'd not provided for by Parliam! 
when well certified, without waiting for the Parliaments allowance 
thereof, the nature of such services requiring it. 

It was therefore fit we should press this repayment as speedily as 
possible, otherwise the 200000^ lately granted by Parliam! for these 
purposes might be all parcell'd away to the divers branches belonging 
to this head. 

19 March 1739-40 Arrived Col. Stephens journal to 15 Novemb. 
wherein he says 

1. That a great many Volunteers joyn Col. Oglethorpe. 

27 



210 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

2. That matters go quietly at Savannah. 

3.' That Mr Christie gives great offence living in open Adultery. 

4. That My Parker, Mf Fallowfeild, & M? Jones continue to act 
as Magistrates by Col. Oglethorpes order till the Trustees further 
pleasure be known. 

5. That M 1 . Norris had changed his purpose of returning to Eng- 
land, & was gone with Col. Oglethorpe to do his duty at Frederica. 

6. That on the 14. Nov b . r M 1 . Whitfeild was at New York, & had 
there been deny'd the use of the churches, whereupon he preach'd in 
a Presbiterian Meeting house, & in the feilds. 

That he promised to return to them from Savanah next May. 
NB. a very unsettled head ! 

20 March. 42. [Present,] Ayres Rob', Digby Edw d . , Hales Steven, P., Smith Sam!, 
L? Tirconnel, Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson Ad™, Burton J?, Coram Tho., T. T. 

This being the Anniversary Meeting of the Trustees, sumons was 
issued for their meeting at S* Brides Vestry, to receive the state of 
their Accompts and Proceedings : and afterwards dine together. 

I could not be there, being detain'd by a Fever and rash at home 
since the 9 1 ?- Inst* 

1. S? Will™ Heathcotes . . . resignation of his place of Comon Coun- 
sellor was read, dat. 22 Sept. 1739. 

2. L? Carpenter sent also his resignation, but he having not com- 
ply'd with the By law past 14 March 1738-9, which required that res- 
ignations should be made and given a month before the Anniversary 
day, that the Trustees might not be surprised, but have time to look 
out for a proper person to succeed, we therefore would not allow the 
resignation of this Lord to be read. He had not attended the year 
past, and had sent a kind of resignation before, but it was not in form. 
Thus he continued to the following year a kind of nominal Member, 
for he would neither be persuaded to return to us, nor even honour us 
with his presence as a Trustee, of which he could not divest him- 
self. 

3. The Earl of Shaftsbury was elected in S? William Heathcotes 
place, a Nobleman of all amiable qualities and not one vice. 

4. A General Abstract of the Trustees Ace*? from the 15 June 1739 
to this 19 March was presented by the Accomp* with his Observations 
thereon. By which it appear'd that the Ballance of Cash remaining 
in the Trustees hands to be applyed, was as follows : 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 211 

For the Gen! uses of the Colony 7180. 3.l£ 

For the use of particular persons 6. 2.6 

For building Churches 174.15.0 

For y e use of the Missionaries 53.10.2^ 

For y" use of the Scot Minister 0. 0.0 

For Religious uses in general 0. 0.0 

7414.] 0.9^ 
And reserv'd to Answer sola bills sent to Georgia 2520. 0.0 

In all 9934.10.4 

This Ace! being read and approved, was order'd to be enter'd. 

NB. The unusual thin appearance of Gentlemen this day shew'd 
how cool their affections were grown to the Colony. 

5. D? Crow kings Chaplain preached, and afterwards the Gentlemen 
din'd at the Castle Tavern, where only M! Tho. Towers & W. Tracy 
came to them. 

21 March 1739 / 40. W. Whitfeild return 'd to Savanah, with great 
collections for his Orphan house as appears by Col. Stephens journal. 

22 March. 43. [Present,] Ayers Kobi, Egmont, Lapotre Hen., L? Tirconnel, 

Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comittee of Correspondence & Ace*? was sumond to prepare the 
necessary letters to go by the ship Charles, Cap! Harramond who was 
to sail the following tuesday. 

1. We prepared letters to Gen! Oglethorpe, Col. Stephens, M? Par- 
ker, MF Christie, & M* Fallowfeild. 

2. Alderman Heathcote having desired to be discharged from being 
any longer our Cashier or Treasurer, and paid the ballance of our 
money in his hands to Alderman SF Joseph Hankey, we resolv'd Sf Jo- 
seph should be for the future our Cashier, being aprized he would ac- 
cept thereof. 

3. Imprest 500 £ to Alderman Hankey to pay sola bills lately ar- 
rived from Georgia. 

25 March 44. [Present,] Ayres Rob?, Archer Hen., Digby Edw?, Egmont, Lapotre 
Hen., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., P., L? Tirconnel, Towers Christ?, Ch., Tracy 
Rob?, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

The Trustees were sumond to swear the E. of Shaftsbury into the 
Comon Council, and to hear the letters prepared to go the next day to 
Georgia. 



212 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

And a Comon Council also sumon'd for other business. 

1. As a Comittee we examined the Vouchers of Col. Oglethorpes 
Ace* as also Mr Tho. Jones's Acc*. s and after allowing some articles of 
the former, & disallowing others, we agreed upon a Report. 

2. The Earl of Shaftsbury was sworn into his Office 

3. And the letters prepared last Comittee day were approved & 
order'd to be sent. 

4. Read a deed for removing Tho. Christie from the Office of 1. 
Bailif of Savannah, and for constituting Mf Henry Parker in his room. 

5. Read a deed for removing MT Will™ Williamson from the Office 
of Recorder of Savannah, & for constituting John Pye (formerly Clerk 
of y e Trustees stores) to officiate as Recorder of Savannah during the 
suspension of Tho. Christie from said Office. 

Seal put to both these deeds, & the Sec? counter sign'd them. 

6. Order'd that 68.13.11 be paid to Mf Recompence Stanbury, 
due to him for provisions & necessaries deliver'd in Georgia 15 June 
1738, which the Comissioners in Georgia beleive to be just. 

7. Read a Memorial of Lieu* Philip Delagal claiming certain 
moneys as due to him, and refer'd the same to a Comittee of Ace*? 

8. Read a Report from the Comissioners of Accompts in Georgia, 
that they had examin'd the demands of Cap* Ja. Macpherson (for- 
merly Comander of the Rangers) and found there was due to him for 
his own and 19 mens service under his comand to the 29*. h Sept b . r 1738 
— 189.13.1^ and that there was also due to him for said service from 
that time to 16 Nov br 1738 the further sum of 61.4.0. 

That the said Macpherson demanded also for his service for said 
time an advane'd sum, which the Comissioners refer to the considera- 
tion of the Trustees, viz. 

For a ballance due to him for his service to the 29'. h November follow- 
ing 381.15.1^ 

For his service to 1 6 Nov b . r follow 6 109. 4.6 



490.19.7| 



So that the sum of 240.2.6 being the difference between the sum 
allow'd by the Comissioners to be remaining due to said Macpherson, 
and the sum demanded by him as above, the Comissioners must wait 
for the Trustees opinion thereupon, before they can allow the same. 

I acquainted the board that Col. Stephens had in one of his jour- 
nals wrote to us, Cap* Macpherson taking advantage of the fears of 
the Inhabitants that the Spaniards would fall on them, had refused to 
serve with his Rangers without an advanced price. 



1739-40.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 213 

The Board thereupon looking on this his proceeding as extortion, 
agreed with the Comissioners Report, & Resolv'd that 240.2.6 be dis- 
allow'd him, and the remaining 250.17. l£ be paid to him when reg- 
ularly demanded. 

9. Read the petition of Andrew Grant and Will. Stirling to be 
recompenced for their lottes by cultivation, dat. 26 May 1739 (See 
fol. [100].) 

10. Read also a petition of said Andrew Grant, Tho. Bailey & 
David Douglass for leave to settle on Wilmington Island. This peti- 
tion had been made to Col. Oglethorpe who at the foot of it wrote 
reasons why it ought not to be allow'd. 

We agreed not to allow their requests. 

11. The letters prepared last Comittee day to Col? Oglethorpe &c 
were approved and order'd to be sent. 

12. The Comittee of this day which examined Col. Oglethorpes 
Ace* 8 of disbursments in Georgia, before the Estimated Expences were 
settled by the Comon Council, having made their report, the same 
was approved. 

13. The Accomp* reported that on the 22. ins* a draft was made on 
the Bank of 500<£. to pay sola bills. 

14. Order'd that 1329.8.8 be paid to the Accomp* to pay to Rec- 
ompence Stanbuiy 68.13.4. and 1260.14.9 due to Gen? Oglethorpe. 
And draft sign'd for the same. 

15. The Accomp* reported that our new Memorial to the Treasury 
was to be refer'd to ST William Young Secretary at War. 

NB. there were several good reasons why M 1 . Christie was removed 
from being Bailif, and suspended from being Recorder : l 6 ? His lewd- 
ness gave an ill example, living in open Adultery : 2. In other re- 
spects he was a worthless fellow : 3. He was not capable of making 
up the Records. 4. He was at variance with the other Magistrates. 
5. The people liked him not. 6. He had Acc t3 to make up with the 
Trust. 7. He gave a permit to a Clerk of the stores to go out of the 
Colony, when it was necessary he should be examined and made to 
shew cause why he made razures in the books of the Ace*? of the 
stores. 

2 April 45. [Present,] Egmont, Lapotre, Shaftsbury, L. a Tirconnel, C. C. 
2. April, a Comittee was sumond to consider of the papers refer'd to 
them, but the few Gentlemen who came to the Office dropt in one 
after another in such a manner that we did no business. 



214 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

2 April 1740. Gen? Oglethorpe wrote to the Trustees his observa- 
tions on their Grant of the Orphans to M? Whitfeild, the Intent of 
which Grant M? Whitfeild has mistaken, he in virtue of it demand- 
ing all the Orphans of the Province to be deliver'd him, as well those 
who can labour, & whose friends take care of them, as the friendless & 
helpless, whereas the Gen! thought our intention was to deliver him 
only the helpless. The Gen! in this, agreed with us. This letter ar- 
rived about the begin? of June. 

2 April 1740 MT Whitfeild saild for Pensilvanea as appears by 
Col. Stephens journal. 

7. April 1740, M T . Whitfeild wrote to the Trustees from Savanah, 

1. That he was going to Philadelphia to raise fresh supplyes for his 
Orphan house. 

2. That he had been at Frederica and Darien as well as Savannah : 
& knew not which was in the worst condition. 

3. That Frederica was wholly kept up by the Soldiery, and that too 
he fear'd by Intemperance : very few intended planting corn : scarce 
the form of Religion to be seen among them : and but little content 
in the minds of the people. 

4. That the Darien people depended more on sawing than planting, 
and he scarce saw a garden in the whole town. He made some propo- 
sals to M? Macleod their Minister to build them a Church, but he dis- 
suaded him from it, because it was uncertain whether the people 
would continue there or not. 

5. That Savannah is deserted more and more every day, and is 
chiefly if not wholly kept up by the money he expended for his build- 
ings and family. 

6. That the Moravians by far the most pious and industrious people 
in the Province were all gone : 

7. That almost daily fresh families intended quickly to leave it. 

8. That he proposed planting 20 acres this season, but could not 
hear of any one that intended to do the like. 

9. That the Colony cannot subsist on the present footing. 

10. That he had begun the Orphan house, and Church : but could ' 
not undertake to finish the latter, unless we remitted to him the 
money given for that purpose. 

11. That he beleived many of his friends (i. e. Methodists) would 
settle there, but the Conditions were too hard (he meant the Tenure 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 215 

and not allowing Negroes) wherefore he intended to take up land in 
Pensilvanea for erecting a Negro School & providing for such as would 
follow him at his next return from England. 

12. That he proposed to come the latter end of this year or the be- 
ginning of next for England. 

9 April, MT Whitfeild wrote to the Trustees from Savannah, that 
if the Clergyman he had sent for went over, they needed not send an- 
other Minister, for then the Parish would be taken care of either by 
him or himself. 

The same day M? Whitfeild wrote to me that he yet hoped well of 
Georgia : but he beleived the Constitution must first be alter'd. 

The above letters arrived 24 June following. 

12. April 1740, L? Carpenter put into my hands his regular resig- 
nation of his Office of Comon Counsellor : and as a secret told me the 
reason why he refused to accept was that we had elected L? Sidney 
Beauclerc. He proffest affection to the Colony, and hinted that 
perhapps he might consent another year to be elected. But I little re- 
garded what he said, for being still a Trustee, he might if he pleased 
have attended the Trustee boards, and have assisted us with his ad- 
vice : but so far from that, he had not curiosity enough even to en- 
quire how we proceeded. 

15 April, 1740. It was wrote from Savanah that the Cherokee In- 
dians were arrived at Savannah in order to follow Gen! Oglethorpe, 
who was set out in order to attack S* Augustine. That the Gen! had 
appointed them to meet him at S* Francisco di Pupo, that they were 
to be follow'd by the Chickesaws & Uchees. 

That the Province of S. Carolina were raising 8 Companys each of 
52 Men to assist in the siege. 

The same day arrived at our Office Mf Whitfeilds letters to me & 
Mr Verelts dat from Savannah 28 Jan? last. (See the contents Fol. 
[184].) 

16. April 46. [Present,] Digby Edw?, Egmont, Hales Steven, Lapotre Hen., P., 
Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., 1/ Tirconnel, C. C, Anderson Ad?, Burton J?, T. T. 

A Trustee Board was sumon'd to consider of a letter from Mf Whit- 
feild dat. 28. Jan7 which required an Mediate answer. (See the con- 
tents Fol. [184.]) 



216 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

1. Upon reading the above letter, the gentlemen exprest great re- 
sentment that M? Whitfeild should menace the Trustees to complain 
of them to the Publick because a Church had not yet been built at Sa- 
vannah : neither would they be persuaded but that he is a Hypocrite, 
and ambitious of power. 

DF Burton said it appear'd to him, that he was resolvd to be totally 
independent of every body : that he had refused a sallary from the 
Trustees because he would not be obliged to attend the duty of a 
Parish Minister longer than he cared for ; and he never should think 
him honest since the time he accepted a Comission to collect money 
for the Religious Uses of the Colony, and after he had collected some, 
surrender'd that comission on pretence it was of no use to him, whereby 
he made himself not accountable to the Trustees for the money he 
collected, and refused to put the money into the Trustees hands, in 
order to dispose of it as he pleas'd himself. 

That in taking on him the care of the Orphans, & discharging the 
Trustees of the expence of keeping them, he meant only to breed them 
up Methodists ; And that in desiring the building the church might 
be left to him, & our moneys designed for that use put into his hands, 
he purposed to encrease the number of methodists, by employing no 
persons in the building but such as would become methodists. That 
he had told the Bishop of GISster he was not bound to do the duty 
of minister at Savannah longer than he pleased, tho when he rec? 
Priests Orders from that Bishop, he was instituted to that Cure. That 
he had lately wrote to his mother in England, that he was coming 
over, and in the height of Enthusiasm bid her fortify herself to see 
him suffer much persecution. 

Mr Digby said it was not to be forgiven that he should write so 
sawcily to his superiours and dare to blacken their characters as want- 
ing a sense of Religion because a church had not yet been begun, 
which the Trustees had given frequent directions about, and long since 
sent over materialls to begin it with a Plan. 

I was willing to excuse the fool the best I could, lest by writing to 
him in too angry terms he should in a pet abandon his design of build- 
ing the Orphan house, and the charge of keeping the Orphans fall upon 
the Trust. I said I knew not how to extenuate his want of respect 
for the Trustees, but by urging his youth, unexperience, un-mannerly 
education, and indiscreet Zeal. That I acknowledged him an Enthu- 
siast, but Enthusiasts are ever sincere, tho often dangerously mistaken, 
which is inconsistent w*. h hypocracy. Therefore I was willing to think 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 217 

the best of him, and I beleived he might be trusted with directing the 
building of the Church, being so far undoubtedly sincere to see one 
erected : It might not indeed be proper to put the money in his hand, 
because he might be too lavish with it, or as Mr Burton observed 
might make it subservient to his cause of Methodism, but both these 
might be prevented by appointing Col. Stephens to pay the Workmens 
bills, and by associating him with Mr Whitf eild in the work. That it 
was high time a Church should be built, which notwithstanding our 
orders had been longer defer'd than could be expected ; and now Col. 
Oglethorpe was deeply engaged in military affairs he could not attend 
to it atall, neither would the Magistrates as things now stand, who 
when all was quiet & at peace, neglected it. That on these accounts 
I could not but own I was glad to find any person would undertake 
it, and I fear'd if we did not accept his offer of doing it, we should not 
see one built of a long time w c . h would be a great reproach. 

That we were not used to answer letters so hastily, nor did the 
affair require it. this letter came but yesterday, and we had scarce 
given it two readings : most of our Gentlemen had not yet seen it : 
we need not fear that MT Whitfeild would accuse us to the publick 
immediatly, he would certainly wait our answer, which without doubt 
would be attended with direction to pursue the building the church, 
which would take from him all handle of complaint. It would also be 
proper to defer the answering him, till letters from Col. Stephens shall 
arrive, which may give some light into M? Whitfeilds design, and 
clear up matters we now could reason but doubtfully upon. 

In the End we agreed there should be a Meeting next Wednesday 
to debate the matter further, but in the mean time that M? Verelts 
should draw up heads of a letter. 

2. We Imprest 500<£ to Alderman Hankey for payment of sola 
bills. 

19 April 1740 MF Glen GovF of S. Carolina (who is still detained 
here for want of a sallary) came to see me, and told me that the sum 
raised by S. Carolina to assist Gen* Oglethorpe in the siege of Augus- 
tine is 120000,£ of their currency, in sterl? 15000<£, with which they 
were raising a Regiment of horse, & another of Foot. 

29 



218 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

23. April 47. [Present,] Archer Hen., Digby Edw?, Egmont, Ch., LaPotre Hen., 
Hales Steven, Shaftsbury, P., Smith Sam., Towers Tho., Vernon Ja., C. C, An- 
derson Ad?, Burton J?, T. T. 

A Cofnon Council was snmond to consider of the letter receivd from 
Mr Whitfeild relating to the lands for the Endowment of the Orphan 
house, and the building a Church at Savannah : And to explain some 
particulars in the Grant of 300 Acres for the Mission at Darien : and 
to order 300 £ in sola bills to be sent next day by the ship Brumswick 
for building the said Church. 

1. As Trustees, the Gentlemen postponed the consideration of M* 
Whitfeilds letter, but directed Mr Verelts to acknowledge the receipt 
of it, and let him know that he would lay it before the Trustees next 
Comon Council day. I was not sorry for this delay. 

2. They directed Mr Verelts to write to Mr Boltzius of Ebenezar 
that Mr Whitfeild had collected 76 £ for the use of the Saltsburgers. 

3. Mr Anderson presented to the Conion Council a paper relating 
to the Grant made the Rev? Mr Macleod of Darien, of 300 acres for 
religious uses : and also a Minute of the Society in Scotland for prop- 
agatime Christian knowledge, importing, That wheras the Trustees of 
Georgia had granted 300 acres to the Rev? Mr Macleod, appointed by 
the said society Missionary at Darien, and to his Successors, on condi- 
tion the said society advanced a sufficient sum to their said Missionary 
to cultivate said 300 acres. The said society were advised, that it was 
not proper for them to advance any money for cultivating said land 
under the condition that the same shall return absolutly to the Trus- 
tees, and become forfeited on their Missionaries failing at any time to 
pay the annual sum of 1.16.0 for 6 months after it becomes due, Or 
upon his failing to cultivate 60 of the said 300 acres within the space 
of 12 years from the date of the Indenture, Or upon his failing to en- 
ter a Copy or full memorial of the Indenture with the Auditor of the 
Plantations within a month after the date thereof. And that they 
thought the said 300 Acres ought not to be forfeited by the society on 
failure or neglect of their Missionaries, but only on some failure or 
neglect of their own. 

Resolv'd that in consideration of the said society agreeing to pay 
the Sum of 40<£ sterl? for 4 servants to cultivate the lands granted for 
the maintenance of their Missionary in Georgia and of their Mission- 
ary's surrendring up to the Trustees, the Grant made to him of 300 
acres bearing date 10 Oct. 1739 The Trustees will grant the said 
300 acres to the said society, to hold to them & their successors in 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 219 

trust for the maintenance of a Missionary in Georgia from time to 
time, to be nominated by the said society on the death Resignation or 
removal by the said Trustees of any such missionary for the time be- 
ing, licenc'd by them, under the yearly Rent of 1.16.0 of lawfull money 
of Great Britain, payable within 12 Calendar months, after any day of 
payment on which the same ought to be paid, having been lawfully 
demanded of the said society's Agent in London : Provided the said 
society will Covenant to pay their said missionary & his successors 50 £ 
a year sallary until 2 third parts of the said 300 Acres shall be cleard 
& cultivated. 

4. Lieut Delagal presented us a Memorial, being the Copy of one he 
had given Gen! Oglethorpe, for a reward of services done as Ingeneer 
at S* Simons Fort, and for a consideration of losses. To this was an- 
next an Ace* of a demand of 222<£. But he concluded that 100£ 
should satisfy him, and in money 85 £, he having by other ways re- 
ceived already 15£. 

We told him the affair should be remitted to Col. Oglethorpe, and 
a Report from the Conlissioners of Ace*? in Georgia required thereon, 
his services, tho military, being perform'd while the Military affairs of 
the Colony lay upon the Trust. 

That we could not order him any money till we received that Re- 
port, but in the mean time would advance him 20 £ in consideration 
of his great necessity having a wife & 8 children. 

Accordingly we intimated to MT Verelts to let him have that sum, 
not doubting but the Comon Council would agree thereto, but we could 
not this day give an Order for it, not being at present a Comon Coun- 
cil, so eager were most of the Gentleman (as customary) to run from 
the Office before the whole business that offerd could be dispatch'd. 

28*? April 1740 The following letters were received at the Office, 

1. A letter & Memorial from M? Tho. Causton, dat. 22 Nov. 1739. 
(See y? Contents Fol. [160.]) 

2. MT Christies abstract of proceedings in the Town Court of Sa- 
vanna to the 29*? 1 Nov. 1739. 

3. A letter from M 1 . Christie dat. 2 Dec. 1739, (See y? contents 
Fol. [165]. 

4. Letters from Sam! Davison to me & to the Trustees with an Ace* 
dat. 16. Jan7 1739-40. (See the contents Fol. [179].) 

5. Letter from M? Whitfeild dat. 16 Jan? 1739-40 (Seey? Contents 
Fol. [180.]) 



220 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

6. Letter of complaint of Theophilus Hetherington Foreman of the 
Gr. Jury at Savannah complaining ag st Bailif Jones for not accepting 
a verdict. 

7. A letter from Col. Stephens dat. 28 Jan? with his journal to the 
27* Jany 1739-40. 

8. Protest & Return of M? Hamertons bill in favour of the Trustees 
for 200 £ drawn on M? Saxby his Deputy. 

9. Letter from J? Brownfeild dat. 9 febr 1739-40 (See y? contents 
Fol. [202] . 

30. April. 48. [Present,] Archer The, Archer Hen., Digby Edw. d , Ch., Egmont, 
Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam!, L? Tirconnel, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comittee of Correspondence was summon'd to consider of a letter 
& petition received from M? Causton, & of a letter receiv'd from The- 
ophilus Hethrington of Savannah : when being a sufficient Number 
we form'd a Comon Council board. 

1. Read a letter from M? Tho. Causton dat. 22 Nov. 1739 and like- 
wise a petition setting forth the nature of his late Employment, with 
an abstract of the reasons for the Expences which he made : Com- 
plaining he could not come at his books (in M? Jones's hands) to 
make up his Ace*? Complaining of M? Jones, and desiring he may be 
present when his Ace*? are examined. That the Trustees would take 
into consideration the several Facts and complaints, & grant him 
relief. 

Resolv'd that if any Evidence is to be sent to the Trustees, fixing 
any criminal charge on MF Thomas Causton, concerning his Ace*. 3 
That the said Causton be present when the Evidence is given, & that 
he have his liberty to cross examine it. 

Resolv'd that the Comissioners take cognizance of what M T . Causton 
shall offer from time to time concerning his Acc ts And if they do not 
agree, that they transmit to the Trustees his objections in his own 
words, & their remarks on them. 

Resolv'd, that as the Trustees are well satisfied in the Integrity and 
ability of the Comissioners, and do not see that they can have any 
view in doing injustice to the said Causton, they will not make any 
alteration in the said Comission. 

Resolv'd that the said Causton be acquainted, that after his Ace* is 
settled, and the Trustees are satisfied that he has done his Utmost to 
adjust them, they will have a regard to his services, & any claims he 
may have for them. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 221 

Order'd that the Account which the said Causton has sent over in 
Totals, be sent to the Comissioners, & a Copy of what is writ to them 
on that Acco* be sent him. 

2. Read a letter from M? Thomas Christie complaining that his 
Comission for I s * Bailif had been refused him : and setting forth, that 
he had deliverd to M? Stephens the Proceedings of the Town Court of 
Savannah from 22 Nov. 1738 to 30 Nov. 1739. 

Order'd 

That a letter be sent to Mr Christie to acquaint him, that the Trus- 
tees have revoked his Comission of I s ? Bailif : And that his suspension 
from the Recordership do continue till his Ace*. 3 with the stores are 
adjusted : and to acquaint him likewise that the Court Roll was not 
compleat, there being still wanting from the 11 July 1738 to the 22 
Nov br following. 

3. Read a letter from Theophilus Hetherington, Foreman of the 
Grand Jury of Savannah, dat. 21. Dec br complaining that when 7 of 
the Gr. jury against 6, had carry'd it to require of M 1 . Tho. Jones 
storekeeper to inform them concerning some nails embezled from the 
stores and bought by one Pope, MV Jones refused to give them the 
required satisfaction. 

M? Henry Archer, gave his opinion as a Lawyer that M? Jones was 
justifyed in refusing what they desired, because the Jury were not all 
agreed. And the board thought proper a letter should be wrote to 
Hetherington thereon. 

4. Read Col. Stephen's letter of 28 Jan? 1739 / 40 recomending Hen. 
Parker to be reinstated 1. Bailif. 

5. Refer'd the Petition of Sam* Davison, and the Journals & letters 
lately received (see Fol. [219]) and refer'd them to the Comittees of 
Ace'. 3 and Correspondence. 

-Same day. 49. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam. 

Vernon Ja. 

After dinner the Gentlemen here mention'd met in Comittee- of 
Correspondence to consider the papers refer'd to them in the morn- 
ing : 

They only read Col. Stephens journal to 27 Jan7 1739 / 40 and then 
adjourned. 

May 2. 1740. Cap* Thompson of the ship two brothers lately ar- 
rived from Georgia, brought the following letters to the Office. 



222 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

1. A letter from Col. Oglethorpe to me. (See the contents Fol. 
[174]) dat. 28 Dec b . r 

2. A letter from Col. Oglethorpe to the Trustees dat. 29 Dec b . r en- 
closing an Ace* of divers goods taken up by him of Cap* Thompson, to 
the amount of above 600 <£, and by him applyed to divers uses, which 
he hoped the Trustees would allow and pay for. 

3. A copy of Col. Oglethorpes letter to Col. Stephens dat. 1 FebF 
giving Ace* of his success against the Spaniards in Florida. (See the 
contents Fol. [189.]) 

4. A letter from Col. Oglethorpe to the Trustees dat. 24. JanF (See 
the contents Fol. [182.]) 

5. A letter from MF Hawkins I s .* Bailif of Frederica dat. 20 feb7 to 
the Trustees thanking them for the allowance made him in their Es- 
timate. 

6. A letter from Col. Stephens to me dat. 13 March, acquainting me 
that he had sent me by Cap* Thompson 6 planks, 4 of the lawrel tulip, 
and 2 of the live Oak. Also that Col. Oglethorpe had granted to An- 
drew Duche" the potter another Lot adjacent to his own, on which he 
had built 2 houses with intention to make finer ware than before. 

7. Col. Stephens letter dat. 14 March, with his journal from 28 Jan7 
to that day. 

8. A letter from M 1 . Fallowfeild to our Accomp* dat. 17 March, Ac- 
quainting him that he had obliged 2 ships to give bond for prohibited 
goods, and to pay certain duties, but not knowing further how to pro- 
ceed, he desired instructions. 

9. A letter from MT Tho. Jones to our Accomp* (See the contents 
Fol. [208.]) 

10. A letter from Andrew Grant, David Douglass and Tho. Bailey 
to the Trustees dat. 25 March, with a copy of their petition of 1. June 
1739, desiring leave to settle on Wilmington Island containing about 
16 or 1700 acres. Will. Sterling joyn'd therein. 

11. A letter from MT Carteret to our Accomp* that Gen! Oglethorpe 
had made him his Aiducamp, and that M r . s Carteret his wife was re- 
turn'd to England on board Cap* Thompson. 

12. A letter from Cap* Hugh Mackay to Col. Cecil dat. 24 Jan y : 
giving him a brief Ace! of what the Gen! had done against the Span- 
iards, and that he had mist the opportunity of taking Augustine by 
the delay of succours from S. Carolina. Never the less he hoped to 
take it before May, if he got cannon. That he had taken 2 Forts, 
one on each side the River S* Juan, burnt one, and garison'd the 



mo.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 223 

other, and destroyed the Enemies Cattel. That by taking these 2 
Forts, a way was open'd for the Indian allyes of England to come 
down into Florida, which before they could not do. That Gen! Ogle- 
thorpe was near being shot by a Canon bullet. 

4 May 1740. Cap! 1 Thompson made me a visit to inform me of 
the state of Georgia when he left it. His passage from thence was 
but 35 days. 

1. He said there were few industrious Planters in the Colony, for 
notwithstanding the great reward promised for cocons or silk balls, 
he knew scarce any one had planted mulberry trees, or that had cul- 
tivated Vines. 

2. That the last crop of corn was good, and he beleived the pro- 
portion of the reward for raising corn promised by Gen! Oglethorpe, 
amounted to MT Thomas Causton alone to 50 or 60 £. 

3. That he did not see such numbers had abandon'd the Colony as 
was reported : scarce a hundred were gone, & those such as had cul- 
tivated nothing, & would never come to good : so that their absence 
is no loss. 

4. That had we permitted the use of Negroes, both S. Carolina & 
Georgia might have been undone by this time. 

5. That the people of Savannah were quiet, and had entirely given 
over the thought of Negroes. 

6. That there is not a drop of Rum drunk at Frederica nor at the 
Darien. 

7. That he fear'd the War would take the people from their culti- 
vation this year. 

8. That the Darien people were run into cattel, and send 4 Oxen 
a week to supply Gen! Oglethorpes Camp. 

9. That divers of the soldiers plant, and had formed a vilage on S* 
Simons Island, but few of the Officers had cultivated their Lotts, 
being satisfied with living on their pay : However, Cap* Heron had 
made a pretty Improvment. 

10. That all the Inhabitants who had cattel, and could keep them 
from running into the Woods, were able to live. 

11. That they were in general still dissatisfied with the penalties 
in the Grants of their lands, which oblige them to cultivate a certain 
parcell of Acres within a limited time, or else the forfeiture of their 
land must follow : for not having been able to perform those Cove- 
nants, they have actually forfeited, and are lyable to lose their property 
when ever the Trustees think fit. 



224 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [May, 

12. That if the penalties were remitted, and good ground given to 
those that have bad, he beleived the people would be satisfied and 
cultivate : And L* Horton who came over in his ship would propose 
this to the Trustees. 

13. That MT Whitfeild went fast on with the Orphan house, and 
had sent for the Orphans in the South, but Col. Oglethorpe would 
not let him have such as were grown to years of service. He beleived 
he had near 100, and at the rate he went on, he must have a purse of 
2000£ pann 

14. That he had converted a few in Savannah to be Methodists, of 
whom Mf Brownfeild our Register was one : but the greater number 
dislike him and say he is much alter'd from what he was the time 
before he was there. That he himself heard him preach that no man 
can be saved who is not an Enthusiast. 

15. That MT Tho. Jones was also look'd on as a Follower of MF 
Whitfeild : That he keeps a store for his own use, and having the 
use of Our Storehouse without paying Rent, prevents other peoples 
keeping private stores, and so engrosses all to himself by under selling 
them, at which the people are displeased. That when he gives re- 
ceipts for the payments made him for the goods he sells, he leaves a 
blank that it may not be known of whom the Goods were bought. 
That he told the Captain, he design'd next year to return to England. 
That he declined to be Overseer of the Trust servants on account of 
his other business. 

17. That M T . Causton complains he is not call'd to be present when 
the Comissioners examine his Accompts, but only sent for when they 
think they have any thing against him, and then, being surprised, he 
is under a difficulty to satisfy their Queries. That he has the finest 
settlement in the Colony, & his garden far beyond the Publick Gar- 
den, which lott he left in a bad condition, but there were some thou- 
sands of Mulberry trees, some as big as the calf of his leg, and he 
beleived there would this year be leaves enough for the silk worms. 

18. Several Trust servants out of their time, had taken up Lotts 
adjacent to Savannah town, & were planting tobacho for their own 
use. 

19. That Bouverie Farm was much neglected. 

20. That William Bradley is poor and despised, & it was said in- 
tended to leave the Province & go to S. Carolina. 

21. That M? Tho. Christie had left the Colony in discontent, and 
was gone with the Adulteress his Mistress to Carolina : but threaten'd 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 225 

he would embark for England, to complain against Col. Stephens for 
refusing to swear him into the Magistracy. 

22. That he had brought over several old & useless women from 
Georgia, and one Freeholder, James Smith, his wife and child, who 
have an estate fallen to them in Scotland. 

23. Thatt all manner of garden stuff thrives extreamly well in the 
Colony. 

24. That the Saltsburgers were in so good a condition they had 
more corn of their raising than they could eat, and talk'd of writing 
to their brethren in Germany to send them 500 persons. 

25. That the people at Darien multiply, but the children born in 
the North division of the Province die very fast, imputed to the bad- 
ness of the women, and their drinking Rum which spoils their Milk. 

26. That MT Norris had been invited to a living in South Carolina 
of 150£ a year, but was gone with Col. Oglethorpe to Frederica: 
who besides the 50 £ sallary allow'd him by the Incorporate Society, 
paid him half a crown a week to do duty to the Regiment : But that 
M' Norris also expected the Trustees would pay him the 50 £ they 
usually allow their Missionaries. 

27. That the Light house goes still more and more out of repair, 
and tho we sent order to repair it, it was not done, Coll. Oglethorpe 
directing all things, and giving his Orders to M? Tho. Jones alone : 
so that Col. Stephens had nothing to do but to sign and certify the 
expences made. 

28. That the Carolina and Georgia Traders traffick with the In- 
dians without interupting each other. 

29. That Col. Oglethorpe was gone in March to Charlestown to 
settle the preparations for attacking Augustine. 

7. May 50. [Present,] Beauclerc L? Sidney, Digby Edw4 , Egmont, P., Hales Ste- 
ven, Holland Kog 1 . 8 , Lapotre Hen., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Towers Tho., Ch., 
Vernon Ja., C. C, Heathcote S r . Will., T. 

A Comon Council was sumond to consider of another letter re- 
ceived from My Whitfeild, relating to the Grant of land to him for 
the Orphan house, and to consider of the letters rec? by Cap! Thomp- 
son. 

The same morning a Comittee of Correspondence was sumond. 

1. The whole morning was employ'd in composing an answer to 
MT Whitfeilds 3 letters of 

16. Jan? last (See the contents p. [180.]) 

28 



226 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [May, 

28 Jan7 (See the contents p. [184.]) 
10 March (See the contents p. [206.]) 

2. And in directing a letter to be wrote to M? Stone Sec? to the 
D. of Newcastle, desiring him to acquaint his Grace with the condi- 
tion Col. Oglethorpe is in, who on the 29*. h Dec b . r last had written to 
us, that in order to annoy the Spaniards, he had been obliged to raise 
a troop of Rangers, keep a scout boat, and bring down a body of In- 
dians : Which expence being military, the Trustees could not pay, 
the Parliament not having given them Money for military purposes, 
wherefore we thought it proper to lay these necessary expences before 
his Grace. 

3. James Carwell (appointed in July 1739 jaylor & Provost Mar- 
shal of Savannah at 20<£ a year sallary, unknown to the Trust) ap- 
pear'd at the Board, & complained he had 2 servants of the Trust 
allow'd him, but Mr Tho. Jones had taken one of them from him. He 
came over to receive a legacy fallen to him, & was now upon his 
return. 

We told him we knew nothing of any servants appointed him, & 
could say nothing to it. 

NB. this manner of disposing the Trustees money & servants by 
Col. Oglethorpe without leave of the Trustees or even acquainting 
them before or after the thing done, was disagreable to the Gen- 
tlemen. 

4. Young Thomas son to the Ingeneer that died in Carolina came 
& produced to us a very neat Map of his drawing, of the Island 
S* Simons, Jekyl Island &c with drafts & plans of the Forts and 
Batteries, built & intended to be built in Georgia. 

5. We refer'd the remaining letters to a Comittee. 

9* May 1740 Lieu* Horton din'd with me this day, to whom I read 
MT Tho. Stephens Ace! of Georgia and his observations thereon at 
which the Lieu! took great offence, saying it was full of slander and 
lies. He added 

1. That the Inhabitants of the southern division can now subsist 
without any more expence to the Trustees. 

2. That the Southern Division is constantly supply'd with fresh 
beef by the people of Darien. 

3. That their sheep thrive well. 

4. That there is great plenty of fish, as Bass, Mullets, prawns 
&c. And also good Sturgeon, but the Rivers are so deep there is no 
taking them. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 227 

5. That the Vines Lieu* Col. Cook cultivated, were not transplanted 
by him, but only prun'd, being wild : that he drank of the wine made 
thereof, which had a pleasant sweet flavour & tast, and he beleived 
would keep near a year. 

6. That many in the southern division were determin'd to push 
on the plantation of Vines. 

7. That Cap* Heron (since made Major) had built a pretty house 
on his 5 acre lot, and had corn and garden stuff sufficient for his use. 

8. That the soldiers of the Regiment were in good obedience, & 
very contented. 

9. That the duty of the Officers of the Regiment returns too often, 
there being only a Captain, Lieu* and Ensign to 100 private men, 
and of them 4 now absent in England, besides the 3 belonging to the 
Company in Carolina. Wherefore if his Maj7 did not comply with 
the request He was sent over to sollicite namely to have six more En- 
signs allow'd to the Regiment and the six that now are made Cap- 
tains en Second, and a Company of Granadeers added, the Gen? would 
be much disatisfy'd. 

10. That he this day presented a Memorial to the D. of New- 
castle to that purpose, But Genl Wade told him it would be to 
no purpose, unless his Memorial were presented to the King himself, 
which if done, he would undertake the things should be granted ; 
But the king going next tuesday he fear'd there was no time for it. 

11. That Negroes if introduced would be the absolute ruin of the 
Colony, and the people were now all sensible of it. 

12. That the Inhabitants of Frederica had prepared a petition ag s * 
Negroes, and put it into his hand, but he advised them to drop it, as 
wholly un-necessary, there being a Law against the Use of Negroes, 
which they might be assured the Trustees would not repeal. 

13. That a few Scots at Darien wish'd for Negroes, but it was only 
to pleasure their Countrymen in the Northern Division, for they were 
such, as if they had Negroes, never design'd to cultivate land. 

14. That there is a great deal of crooked timber to the southward 
of the Province fit for ship building. 

15. That our Trust servants who can saw, are so expert as to saw 
120 foot a day, and there is a vast quantity of saw'd timber in our 
Stores. 

16. That the Chappel for divine service at Frederica is actually 
built, of the timber saw'd by our Trust servants. 

17. That he beleived no more Inhabitants would leave the Prov- 
ince. 



228 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [May, 

18. That he was pretty sure the reward promised of 4 shill g . s per 
pound for silk balls or cocons, is not sufficient encouragement to the 
Inhabitants to plant mulberry trees & go on the silk. 

19. That it is impossible Gen? Oglethorpe should be able to take 
Augustine so soon as May, and he was sure himself would be return'd 
before all things were ready. 

20. That the Indians are good to fight against Indians, & to wast 
the Spanish Plantations, but not fit for entering breaches or trenches, 
or beseiging a town regularly. If they mounted a breach it must 
be after the English, not to lead the way. 

21. That Col. Stephens had a great influence over the Inhabitants of 
the Northern division: But it was pitty the Magistrates were of a 
rough and harsh temper. 

22. That he must except MT Hen. Parker, and was very glad to 
find we had restored him to his Office of I s * Bailif. 

10. May 51. [Present,] Egmont, Shaftsbury, Vernon Ja., C. C. 
A Comittee of Accompts was sumon'd to consider of the several 
matters refer'd to them at the last Comon Council. 

1. We examin'd several Acc^ s return'd to us by our Comissioners 
of Ace*. 8 in Savannah, with the ballances by them settled, and ap- 
proved them : but could not finish all. 

2. We took into consideration the petition of Samuel Davison Con- 
stable at Frederica (see the substance of it Fol. [179]), and agreed to 
report that it would be proper to allow him the ballance of his ace* 
due from him to the Trust on ace* of his services. 

On the 13*? 1 & 14 May 1740 Accounts from Charlestown & Geor- 
gia were sent to England, that Cap* Colebatch was just arrived at 
Charlestown from England with 600 barrils of gunpowder, Mortars, 
shels &c for bombarding & 1000 small arms. That the Indians 
were marching to joyn Gen? Oglethorpe, who on the 9*? 1 May past into 
Florida, and on the 14*. h took Fort S* Diego 8 leagues distant from 
Augustine, by composition. There were in it 9 swivel guns, 2 large 
carriage guns, some powder & bullets, & 70 small arms. 

14*? 1 May 1740. Col. Stephens wrote concerning the malice of the 
Scot malecontents at their dissappoint in not being allow'd the use of 
Negroes. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 229 

15. May 52. [Present,] Ayers Rott, Egniont, Hales Steven, Holland Rog r .% Lapotre 

Hen., Shaftsbury, C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to receive Reports from the Com- 
mittees of Ace*? of the matters refer'd to them the last meeting ; and 
to order payment of the sums reported due to Merchants & others. 
But we were not a board. 

A Comittee of Ace*? was sumond the same day. 

1. As Comittee of Accompts we read Col. Oglethorpes letter of 
divers goods taken by him on board Cap* Thompsons ship, amounting 
to above 600.£, and by him apply'd to divers Uses, which he hoped 
the Trustees would allow & pay for: but we judged that not much 
above 200,£ of it ought to be allow'd, the rest being chargiable to the 
Military Services ; and so resolved to report. 

2. We also read a letter from MF Woodrofe at Frederica making 
demand for money due to him from the Trust, the greatest part of 
which we thought should be allowd upon comparing it with the Ace* 
sent us by the Comissioners of Ace*. 8 at Savannah. And so resolv'd 
to report. 

3. Read also a Memorial presented by M? Millar the Botonist to 
be paid for his services : which Memorial we refer'd to MF Ayers, Hol- 
land, Hen. Archer & Tho. Towers to consider of and make report, 
or to any two of them. 

4. As Comittee of Correspondence, we prepared instructions to the 
Magistrates of Savannah & Frederica relating to the Orphans taken 
by Mf Whitfeild. 

5. We also took down heads for letters to Col. Oglethorpe MF 
Hawkins, Sam! Davison, M' Tho. Jones, and the other Magistrates of 
Georgia &c. 

On 17 May 1740 Cap* Thompson made me again a visit w*? 1 MF 
Verelts, & inform'd me, that by the latest news from America, 

1. The late Spanish Govern? of Augustine who made the Treaty 
of Neutrality some years ago with Gen! Oglethorpe, and had been 
therefore sent home in chains by the succeeding Gov? on that account, 
is hang'd : and that Cap! Dempsy's brother an Officer in the Spanish 
service is cashier'd because the Captain assisted Oglethorpe in con- 
cluding that Treaty. 

2. That the Assembly of S. Carolina had resolv'd to assist Gen 1 . 
Oglethorpe for taking Augustine, with 500 land Men, & 200 Negroes. 



230 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [May, 

On the 19*. h May 1740 W. Verelts told me he could not get one 
Member of our Trust to go with Lieu* Horton to S? Rob* Walpole, 
and countenance his application for the allowance of the things de- 
manded by Col. Oglethorpe. 

That M 1 - Hen. Archer, who is the best of any of them with S? Robert, 
and indeed much in his confidence, had been apply'd to by him to do 
Col. Oglethorpe that service but he declined it ; Upon which pressing 
him to give his reason for such backwardness, it being known to the 
Trustees how well he stood with Sr Robert, and he himself knowing 
how much the Colony's welfare and security depended on the supplyes 
Col. Oglethorpe demanded. 

That MT Archer reply'd, MT Verelts, I will tell you in strictest con- 
fidence what I never yet told to any man, except Mr Tho. Towers. 
The next day after my speech in the house last Session, that the Trus- 
tees might have leave to deliver up their charter, in case the Parliament 
did not think the Colony of any use, I by invitation din'd with Sir 
Robert, when he ask'd me, why I exprest so much concern for the 
Colony when I saw how little the House thought of it, & must ex- 
pect that at a Peace it would be given up? Upon which M? Win- 
ington who was at table said, the Spaniards were obliged to the 
Trustees for cultivating a Province for them. I reply'd, S- Robert, 
you will not find it so easie a matter to give up the Colony in Par- 
liament : for the Trustees will think it their duty to oppose it, & I 
for one. 

Now, (continued M? Archer) how can I go w*? 1 Lieu* Horton to ask 
S? Robert for any thing that tends to support the Colony after his 
owning to me that he design'd to destroy it ? 

I told Mr. Verelts that this was a plain demonstration that the evil 
spirit raised against the Colony both in Parliament & without doors 
was Sf Roberts doing, that when he should think proper to deliver it 
up to the Spaniards, he might have a general concurrence therein, as 
a matter not worth contesting, in case the Spaniards should insist on 
having it towards facilitating a peace, But that he ought to be im- 
peach'd for it. I added, that this perfectly well explained the cold- 
ness & neglect which My Towers, L? Beauclerc, M? LaRoch & others 
of S r . Roberts creatures who knew His mind, have for a considerable 
time shew'd to the Colony. 

19*? May 1740 M 1 . Whitfeild wrote an invective letter ag 8 .* Col. 
Oglethorpe for interposing in the Orphans affairs. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 231 

21 May 53. [Present,] Archer Hen., Ayers RoW, Egmont, Hales Stev., Lapotre 
Hen., P., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Vernon Ja., Ch., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to receive Reports from the Com- 
mittees of Ace*. 8 , which wanted the Approbation of the Comon Coun- 
cil, and their order for the paym*. of the sums reported. 

1. James Vernon Esq paid 20,£, being his subcription towards 
the support of a Missionary in Georgia. 

2. The Earl of Shaftsbury p? 10 £ his subscription for building 
Churches. 

3. Read a letter from Mary Townsend of Savannah dated 15 
March last, and red 1 by Cap* Thompson the 20*? ins* complaining 

(1 .) That Mr Tho. Jones keeps a private store, and furnishes shops 
with goods by whole sale, whilst he undersells them by retail. 

(2.) That he keeps a pettiagua or long boat, & no other boat can 
expect any employment whilst his wants any. 

(3.) That she supposed her former letters like others have been 
sunk, and she heard of a whole packet of letters burnt at Frederica : 
she therefore desired we would not send letters to Frederica but to 
Savannah. 

(4.) That if the Trustees care their will should be known, Mr Fal- 
lowfeild is the properest person, being honest, and too honourable to 
conceal what the Trust would have known. 

(5.) That Cap* Thompson would hardly care to tell too much 
truth of the Colony : that he brings large Cargoes & sells them by 
whole sale & retail. 

(6.) That the people leave the Colony, but it is with regret, being 
forced to it. 

NB. The Trustees thought this letter not worthy of an answer. 

1. The Trustees in addition to their letter to Mr Whitfeild, or- 
der'd he should be made] acquainted, that they had orderd that no 
more than 300<£ should be disburs'd in building the Church at Sa- 
vahah. 

8. The Comon Council Received and approved the Reports of 
the Comittees of Ace*? of 10*? 1 inst* (see Fol. [228]) and 15*. h inst*. 
(see Fol. [229]). 

9. Payment was order'd to Salice a Grison Trustee servant, re- 
turn'd from Georgia with purpose to go to his own Country, being out 
of his time. Col. Oglethorpe had promised him A£ for cloathes, & 
only 1.5.0 was paid him : he demanded the remaining 2.15.0, which we 
orderd. 



232 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [May, 

10. Caspar Schumaker another Grison servant out of his time and 
late servant to MT Tho. Causton, being return'd with his wife to 
go to their own Country appear'd at the board. 

Both being yery strong & likely Men, we ask'd them why they 
left the Colony, and did not take up the land they were entitled to 
when out of their time, & settle there on ? They answer'd it signi- 
fied nothing to give them land, without means of subsisting till suffi- 
cient part of it could be cultivated to support them. 

We proposed to them to return, promising in that case to give them 
a years subsistence, and a cow, a calf & hog. 

They reply'd, if they had known that they would not have left the 
Colony : they said they would consider of it and tell us their resolu- 
tion next board day : But we never heard more of them. 

10. On this occasion we were all of opinion to give a years main- 
tenance to our servants when out of their time, together with a Cow, 
a calf & a hog ; for that otherwise it was much to be fear'd they 
would all leave the Colony as fast as their Indentures expired : which 
would be great pitty, they being inured to the climate, and the most 
laborious. Accordingly we order'd a letter to be wrote to that pur- 
pose to be comunicated to the Trust servants. 

11. Draft on the Bank for 1800<£ Imprest to Aid? Hankey to 
pay part of the Colonies debts certified to be due, by the Comissioners 
of Ace 1 ? in Georgia. 

12. Cap^ Mark Carr's letter to Gen! Ja. Cambel dat. 28 Jan? last 
from his settlement in Frederica call'd the Hermitage was read. (See 
the contents Fol. [185]). 

21 May 1740. Several of the Trustees dining this day together, 
Lieu* Horton came to us, & said he had been a second time with 
S? Robert Walpole, to expose to him the necessity Col. Oglethorpe 
was under of a supply ; and presented him a Memorial of what was 
necessary, as a troop of Rangers, more Subaltern Officers to his Regi- 
ment, an additional Company of Granadiers, 600£ for supernumera- 
ries, scout boats, pay for 1000 Indians t'J be Regimented &c. S r Rob- 
ert said he came too late, & should have applyed before the Parlia- 
ment was up, when it might be laid before them in the list of services 
incurr'd. Lieu* Horton reply'd he could not come sooner, being de- 
tain'd 6 weeks in Carolina by contrary winds : and that if the things 
he demanded were not granted, the Inhabitants must abandon the 
Colony. S? Robert then bid him go to S? Will. Young (Sec? at 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 233 

War) and lay the papers before him. From S? Robert, he went to the 
D. of Newcastle, who told him S? Robert had acquainted him with 
his business, and desired he would be with him to morrow. The 
Lieu' added that he had been with the Speaker who received him well, 
and desh'ed a copy of his Memorial : he had also been w*? 1 the E. of 
Islay & others, & hoped this affair was in a good way. That in the 
mean time he begin to think of raising 30 Recruits for the Generals 
Regiment, which was part of his instructions. 
As to the Civil affairs of the Colony, he said 

1. That M? Tho. Jones keeps a storehouse purely to prevent other 
private storekeepers from selling their goods too dear to the people. 

2. That M? Provost has a good storehouse in Savannah. 

3. That he never found any thing amiss in M? Fallowfeild. 

4. Neither in Mf Tho. Jones, only that he is too passionate & foul 
mouthed. 

5. That Tho. Mercer is a Man of good sense, and as fit as any one 
he knew to be made a Magistrate. 

6. That it was absolutly necessary the Trustees should abolish the 
clauses of forfeiture in the Trustees Grants of land to the Inhabit- 
ants, it being impossible for them to fulfill them, and every one is 
now forfeited if the Trustees should rigerously insist on it : which has 
so discouraged the people, that the best of them were determining to 
quit the Colony, Mf Houston for one, who is now killing off his 
Cattel. 

just about this time MT Verelts receiv'd a letter of Attorney from 
Col. Oglethorpe to raise money on all his Estate Real & personal with- 
out limitation of sum, as also to employ all his Sallary from the 
Govermt for answering the bills he should draw on him for the service 
of the Publick. A Rare Zeal for his Country ! It seems the Prov- 
ince of S. Carolina, after they had past the Act for raising 15000£ 
sterl? for raising Troops &c to assist in taking Augustine, found the 
whole Province was not able to furnish the money ; wherefore they 
past a 2^ Act for borrowing the same at 8 p cent, but could not find 
credit : whereupon Gen} Oglethorpe undertook to procure the money 
on his private Credit, & to that end, offer'd his whole Estate real & 
personal for security to such English Merchants as should advance that 
sum, or to S? Robert Walpole if he cared to engage therein and lend 
the money. 

30 



234 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

1 June 1740 D 1 Waterland wrote to D? Hales that My Metcalf 
accepted readily to be Parish Minister of Savannah in MF Whitfeilds 
room, and is in Priest's Orders. 

4*? 1 June 1740. MF William Seward, a Follower of M* Whitfeild, 
being arrived on the Coast of England from Philadelphia, wrote from 
on board ship to the Trustees a long letter, to the effect following, 

1. That he was sent to England by Mf Whitfeild, among other 
things to take over a friend, to supply his place at the Orphan house, 
& at the Church in Savannah, whilst himself came in the Spring for 
England. 

2. That the Orphan house were already 70 in family, & daily in- 
creasing. That the charge was great but they wanted for nothing. 
They had collected 10£ sterl? at one sermon in Charlestown, and 
140<£ sterl? at 2 sermons in Philadelphia. 

3. That MF Whitfeild had order'd him to bring with him back to 
Savannah the money in our hands for building the Church at Savan- 
nah on the Credit of which Gen! Oglethorpe at his proposal had 
joyned with him in drawing each of them a bill of 150£ in order to 
begin that work, which M? Whitfeild had undertaken to carry on and 
finish. That before he (Seward) knew of his coining over, Mi' Whit- 
feild drew a bill on us to reimburse him, and put it into his brother 
Cap! Whitfeilds hands whom they met at Charlestown, the payment 
of which bill would be now superseaded, by his coming in person to 
receive it. 

4. That the Colony is now almost wholly upheld by the Orphan 
house and soldiery, most of those who have no concern in either, & 
are not imediatty dependent on the Trustees, having left, or being 
about to leave it, except the Saltsburgers. 

5. That the proper means of establishing the Colony are principally 
3, viz. (1.) An allowance of Negroes. (2.) A free Title to their 
lands. And3 ^ y an Independent Magistracy, that is, such as are able 
& willing to serve without Fee or Reward. 

As to the first that MT Whitfeild was of opinion they might law- 
fully be used. As to the 2 d : it cannot be expected, persons will 
bring their Fortunes & Families, and bestow their labours, without a 
free, absolute, clear, & unlimmited Title to their lands, while there 
are many hundred thousand acres of as good or better land in South 
& North Carolina un-occupied, to be taken on a free clear Title, & a 
free use of Negroes. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 235 

6. As to the 3? & Free Magistracy, he supposed we should be glad 
to find persons who would execute it for nothing. He could answer 
for Two, M? John Brownfeild, & W. William Woodroffe. 

NB. by accounts from Savannah, these 2 are turnd Methodists. 

7. That he design'd to carry his daughter to be educated in the 
Orphan house. And was willing to take a Grant of 500 acres adjoyn- 
ing thereto, provided he might have a Free Title, and liberty for him 
or his heirs to leave it to the Orphan house, or otherwise dispose of 
it as he or they should think fit. 

8. That if the means above mention'd were used, he beleived the 
Colony would settle a pace, and many persons of substance would 
voluntarily fix themselves there, which on the present footing they 
will not do. 

9. That Pensilvanea is in a flourishing way, 70 houses built last 
year in Philadelphia, and Towns settling every year. 

10. That he had just laid out there 2200X upon 5000 acres of 
the best land in the Province, which was taken up in M? Whitfeilds 
name, in order to erect a Negro school thereon, and to settle such 
English friends (Methodists) whose hearts God should encline to go 
over, and where they might worship God in their own way, without 
being thought Enthusiasts for so doing. This also they might do in 
Georgia when the obstacles were removed, but at present they could 
advise none to go thither. 

The same 4*. h of June came to our hands, a paper (afterwards 
printed) entitled, the Manner of the Childrens spending their time at 
the Orphan house in Georgia. Not a moment of innocent recreation 
thd necessary to the health & strengthening of growing children is al- 
low'd in the whole day, but much publick & private prayer with fre- 
quent singing of Psalms & Hymns, (some of which their own imediate 
invention) required. The whole discipline appears to me too strict. 

5 June 1740 MF Whitfeild return'd from Pensilvanea to Savanah 
as appears by Col. Stephens journal. 

6'.'' June. 54. [Present,] Archer Hen., Ayers Rob?, Egmont, P., Hales Stephen, 
Ch., Lapotre Hen., LaRoche J?, Smith Sam., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumond to approve of the letters prepared 
to go by Cap* Shubrick who was to sail on monday : and to order 150<£ 
in sola bills to be seal'd & sent to MT Stephens by the said ship, to 
compleat the building a Church at Savannah. 



236 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

1. As Trustees, Received D? Burtons Subscription, 10 £, towards 
supporting a Catechist in Savannah, being his 7*! 1 paym? 

2. Read, approved & the seal- put to certain Instructions to the 
Bailifs & Recorders of Savannah and Frederica, for preventing any 
mistakes which might arise concerning the power of taking Orphans 
into the Orphan house, and the direction of them in Georgia. 

MT Whitfeild's purpose in erecting the Orphan house was, as since 
appear'd, to establish a school or seminary to breed up those of his 
sect in, for which end he proposed to be absolute independent of the 
Trustees as to this Orphan house : He could not therefore but be much 
dissappointed and displeased, with the Instructions this day order'd to 
be sent, which were 

(1.) That the Magistrates only have the power to place the Orphans 
in the Orphan house : & that no person whatsoever can take them in 
without their Authority & Approbation. 

(2.) That if they found any Orphan old enough to be employ'd in 
any service, & if the Orphan desired it, & any Master could be found 
willing & able to take him as an Apprentice, the Magistrates might 
dispose of the Orphan as seem'd best to them. 

(3.) That they should not take any Orphan from their friends who 
were able or willing to take care of them. 

(4.) Neither, where the Orphan has sufficient property to be main- 
tain'd by. But such Orphans only were to be taken in as are destitute 
of friends, or means for their subsistence or Instruction. 

(5.) That they should call on the Manager or Managers of the 
Orphan house for regular Ace*? of the number of Orphans, their Em- 
ployments and Improvments, and the care taken of them, and Once 
every year visit the house, inspect the management, and make report 
to the Trustees. 

(6.) That they should take care no looms be set up, but such prod- 
uces only raised as would be usefull to Manufactures at home in 
England. 

(7.) That they should see the effects and properties of the Orphans 
taken care of, and provide 2 persons proper for the same who should 
give security to answer their said effects, And to continue M? Jenkins 
One if he was willing. 

(8.) That they should put an Orphan who is a Freeholder and 16 
years old, upon the work of his own Plantation. 

(9.) That no servants employ'd in the Orphan house should be 
taken off to do Guard duty, or serve in Civil Offices. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 237 

5. Read a letter from DF Daniel Waterland to DF Hales of our 
Board, recomending MF Medcalf who is in Priests orders to succeed 
MF Whitfeild in the church at Savannah, and informing, that he is a 
good Preacher, reads Prayers well, and is willing to go to Georgia on 
the sallary of 50 .£ p ann. 

6. Resolv'd that MF Medcalf be appointed Missionary at Savannah, 
And that DF Waterland be acquainted that the Trustees will accept of 
MF Medcalf for their Minister, on producing a certificate of his good 
behaviour. 

7. Resolv'd that a Memorial be presented to the Society for propa- 
gating the Gospel in foreign parts : setting forth that the Trustees 
have appointed My Medcalf their missionary at Savannah, and desir- 
ing the said society to allow MF Medcalf a sallary of 50£ p ann. 

8. We then went into a Comon Council, & order'd that 150 £ in 
sola bills be seal'd & sign'd by the Accomp! and sent to MF Stephens 
towards building a Church at Savannah : and that any 5 of the Conlon 
Council be empower'd to draw on the Bank for payment of the said 
bills when return'd to England. 

9. Resolv'd that any 5 of the Comon Council be empowerd to draw 
on the Bank at any time after the 9*. h ins! for an Impress of 500i£ to 
SF Joseph Hankey to answer occasions of the Trust. 

10. Order'd that the Cask of skins sent over by MF Jones from the 
store at Savannah by the ship Two Brothers be sold. 

11. Order'd that MF Dormer of Georgia be paid 30.8.5 being the 
ballance of an Ace* allow'd by the Cofhissioners there to be due to 
him. 

12. Order'd that M r . s Woodrofe be paid a debt due to her husband, 
for goods deliverd by him to MF Tho. Causton on the Trustees Ace! 

NB. She also claim 'd Interest & charges &c for 2 years & half, and 
then obliged to protest a bill given by said Causton on MF Jeny's in 
Carolina, w c . h Jenys refused to pay. But this her demand we would 
not allow, bidding her take her remedy on Causton who drew the bill. 

13. Lieu! Horton attending, acquainted the board with a suspicion 
the Freeholders & Landholders of Georgia were under, and which 
greatly discouraged them from planting, viz. that they think their 
property not secure, because of certain clauses in their Grants obliging 
them on pain of forfeiture to cultivate and plant a certain number of 
Acres and trees in a set time, which they were not able to do, and con- 
sequently advantage might be taken of their failure : Thereupon 

Resolv'd that an Instruction be prepared to direct the Magistrates 



238 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE 



[June, 



of Georgia to take an account of any forfeited lotts incurr'd and to 
transmit the same to the Trustees, with the allegations and reasons of 
the Possessors of the said lotts why they should not be forfeited, in 
order to release such forfeitures, & give such further relief as the Trus- 
tees shall think proper ; And if any Covenants in the former Grants 
shall be found impracticable or inconsistent with the Interest of the 
Colony, that an Acc^ thereof be certified to the Trustees, to the End 
that they may be further consider'd, and varied as occasion shall re- 
quire. 

14. Resolv'd that any Freeholder of the Province of Georgia, be 
empower'd to let out any part of his or her lot at an improved Rent 
to a Tenant for 7 years certain, on condition of the Tenants residing 
on, and improving the same. 



The Comon Councils held this year were 16. The Trustee Boards 35. and the Com- 
mittees 15. And the Number of times each person in the Trust met, was as follows: 

COMON COUNCIL MEN. 



Ayers Rob' 


13. 


Lapotre Hen. 


47. 


Archer Tho. 


2. 


LaRoche J? 


14. 


Archer Hen. 


22. 


L? Limerick 


0. 


Beauclerc L? Sidney 


12. 


Oglethorpe Ja. 


0. 


Chandler Ri. 


0. 


Page J? 


0. 


Digby Edw? 


22. 


Shaftsbury 


9. as Trustee. Elect? 


Egmont 


46. 




March. 1739-40 


Eyles Fra. 


2. 




8. as C. Council? 


Frederick Tho. 


0. 


Sloper Will. 


10. 


Hales Steven 


21. 


Smith Sam. 


36. 


Heathcot S? Will. 


2. as C. Council? re- 


U Tirconnel 


19. 




signd Sept. 1739 


Towers Tho. 


9. 




7 as Trustee since 


Towers Christ? 


3. 




his resignat? 


Tracy Rob' 


5. 


Holland Rogers 


14. 


Vernon Ja. 


42. 



TRUSTEES. 



Anderson Adam 


1G. 


Hanbury Will 







Belitha Will. 


0. 


Moore Rob? 







Bedford Arth? 


o- 


Philips S? Erasmus 







Bouverie S? Jacob 


0. 


Rundal Thomas 


Bi. 


of Derry 


Burgoyn S? Rog? 


0. 


L? Talbot 







Burton J? 


3. 


Tyrer Geo. 







L? Carpenter 


0. 


White J? 







Coop Ri. 


0. 


Woolaston Will. 







Coram Tho. 


4. 


Woolaston Fra. 







Gonson S? J? 





Heathcote Geo. 







Gough Sf Hen. 





Hucks Rob? 








1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 239 

Grants of land past this year. 

4. July 1739 To Kenedy Obryan Esq at Augusta . . . acres 500 
10 October To the Rev? Mr Macleod of Darien .... 300 

Persons sent over this year on the poor A cc\ to Georgia. 

On board Cap' Thompson in Aug 8 .' 1738, who arrived in Georgia in OctobT fol- 
lowing 138, whereof 134 foreign Protestants, & 4 British : viz. 49 Men, 48 women, 
23 boys, and 14 girls, which makes the whole number sent over at the Trustees 
charge 1521, whereof Foreigners 606, and British 915. Males 959, and Females 
562. 

NB. the reason why these 138 persons are mention'd to be sent this year, is that 
wheD they went in 1738, Cap? Thompson carry 'd them at his own risk, (the greater 
number of them) but finding the people could not pay readily for them, Col. Ogle- 
thorpe took them all, & charged tbe Trustees w'? paym! & this year the Trustees 
allow'd it. 

ABSTRACT OF THE 8™ YEARS ACC? OF RECEIPTS AND DISBURS- 
MENTS, FROM 9 JUNE 1739 TO 9. JUNE 1740. 

CHARGE. 

Remaining, The Ballance of last years Acc'f end? 9 June 1739 viz. 

Money for establishing the Colony, to be apply'd in Eng- } 

land S 

More to be apply'd to answer sola bills returning from ) 

Georgia for paym* • y 



485. 7. 8 
824. 0. 



1309. 7. 8 

For the use of Ministers & Schools 69.11. 21 

For the use of particular persons 6. 2. 6 7 

For d? to answer sola bills in Georgia 70. 0. J 76. 2. 6 

For building Churches 174.15. 

For d° more to be apply'd to answer sola bills in Georgia 400. 0. 

For the use of the Scotch Minister at Darien 40. 0. 

For the Religious uses of the Colony in general . . .82. 9. 4| ) „ S9 8 

For D? but to answer sola bills in Georgia . . . .200. 0. ) ' ' ' ? 



} 



574.15. 



2352. 5. 9 






> 7047.10. 



Money depending to be accounted for in America by the- 

Storekeepers at Savaiiah and Frederica for provision, L5203. 3. 11 

tools, &c supply'd them J 

Money advane'd to sev! persons in America on Ace' for~| 

the farther Supply of the Colony, the particular Ace' j-1844. 8. 7 

of which was not then return'd . . . . .J 
Total of the Ballance of last years Ace! ending 9 June 1739 . . 9399.16. 
Money Rec? in America since 9 June 1739 86. 6. 



240 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE 



[June, 



Money Rec? in England since d° time. viz. 

Mf Kenedy Obryans consid? mony for his Grant 
Grant from Parliam! (Fees forgiven included 
From Nath! Blackerby Esq .... 

From M" Charlotte Williamson for her brother 

Williamsons use 

From the E. of Shaftsbury for building Churches 
From Ja. Vernon Esq for the Ministers use 
From M'. Burton for a catechist 



Will. 



!•} 



Total Charge , 



. 1. 1. 




20000. 0. 




10. 0. 




I 43.16. 4 




. 10. 0. 




. 20. 0. 




.10. 0. 






20094.17. 4 





29581. 0. 9 



46.13. 
123. 3. 



DISCHARGE. 

Apply' d in England. 

By Charges of Stationary Ware & printing . 

House Rent for the Office, Necessaries for yf house and ) 

Incid! charges on sev! occasions ... ) 

Wages to Housekeeper & Messenger : Rewards to the ) 

Secret? & Accomp! & to sev! persons for their services)- 523.17 

to the Trust, & for extroard? Clerkship . . . ) 

By charges of sola bills sent to Georgia 

Sola bills p? within the time of this Ace' in farther part > 

of 1333£ &c j 

By Charges of engaging servants, exclusive of their pas- ) 



6 



30. 9. 
9. 0. 



sage and bedding 



By Charges of sending 138 persons, viz. 134 foreigners & 
4 British, to Georgia : viz. 49 men, 48 women, 23 boys 
& 14 girls : where by the whole number on the charity 
sent amounts to 1521. As follows 

Working tools & necessaries 68. 7. 

Provisions 48. 7. 

Cloathing 70. 2. 

Freight, with their goods &c 907.15. 



149.10. 



7 
2 


H 



Apply' d in America. 

By Provisions to the Inhabitants, and deliver'd in pay- ) 

ment to the Garisons and workmen employ'd in cutting )- 3084.19. 1 

roads & fortifying besides the Cash p? for said services ) 

Gen! Works on lands, roads, sawmill, the publick Garden )_._„,., . „ 
„.,,.,. r [ 3479.10. 4f 

& in fortifying ) * 

Stores, working tools &c besides what sent from Engl? . 1900.12.11 

Cloathing, besides what sent from England . . . 572. 7. 1 

Pay to Cattle drivers, & for purchasse of Cattle, poultry &c 427. 8. 5 

Relief of the Sick, Widows & Orphans, & other incident 7 „n o 71 

Charges ) 



693.14. 



39. 9. 4 



1244. 2. 6{ 
1977. 6. Of 



1740.] 



TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 



241 



32.3. 8. 6 



Money advanc'd to sev! to carry on their Trades and Im- 
provments . 

Bounty on corn raised in Georgia, & rewards for services ) 84fi fi]|S 
in America done to Georgia 

P? for production of Raw Silk in Georgia 



By Pay, and other Charges of Garisons & Rangers 

Charges of scout boats, shipping &c 

Presents to the Indians to purchasse land &c and persons 

in the Ind? Nations to regulate Traders 
By expended on the Chapel at Frederica, out of the \ 

money for building Churches .... 

On the Missioners & Schools 

Paid the Rev? Mr Macleod Minist! at Darien . 

By Expended on Religious Uses, in cultivating land &c 
Paid in p' of a house & 8 acres, for the Minister at 
Frederica 



185.18. 4f 



11038. 1. 4f 



845. 7. 3f-} 

63 °- 9 - 4 U 2642.18. 24 



| 1167. 1. 6jJ 



; 



28. 5. 



76. 


1. 







40. 


0. 





144. 6. 


72. 


9. 


±f) 


10. 


0. 





82. 9. 4| 



By Application of particular Benefactions, viz. 

For compleating the building the house of Mf Gronau ) 

Saltsburg Minister at Ebenezar \ 

Paid towards the Orphan house erected there . . 40. 0. 

Paid towards the charge of servants deliver'd there for ) 
the Saltsburgers use. p? in Engl? . . . .\ 



2. 6 



> 76. 2. 6 



Depending on Several Persons in America to Account for 9 June 1740. viz. 

For establishing the Colony, by Money advanced to sev! ) 

for the Colonies Supply to Mich! 1739 & expended by [■ 6101.14. 7\ 

them, the particular Acc'. s of which are not yet return'd ) 
Supply'd the Persons appointed to defray the Estimated-) 

Expences in Georgia from Mich! 1739 by Cash p? in 

England before the determination of this Ace' for that 

purpose J 

7138.14. 7^1 
Money advanced towards building Churches in Georgia, ) 

to be accounted for J 371.15. j.7700. 9. 7± 

Money advanc'd for the Religious Uses of the Colony to ) ioa a 

be accompted for ) 



•1037. 0. 



Total Expended 

Charge 29581.0.9. Ballance carry'd to next Ace' .... 

Particulars of the Ballance carry'd to next year. 

For the general Uses of the Colony, appropriated to an- > „ 151 . Q 
w er sola bills issued in Georgia . . . . . > 



23661.13. 2 
5919. 7. 7 



Georgia 
More for the general Uses of y" Colony . 



2550. 2. 4| 



31 



242 TRANSACTIONS. [June. 

More appropriated to building Churches 184.15. 

More appropriated for Missionaries & Schools 13.10. 2£ 

More appropriated for Religious uses in general to Catechist &c . . 20. 0. 



5919. 7. 7 



NB. 166.5.7 of the above 2550. 2. 4| is appropriated towards building a Church in 
Georgia. 



TRANSACTIONS 



THE TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA, 

From the 9th of June, 1740, to the 8th of June, 1741 •• 
being the 9th year. 



19 June 1740. 1. The Regents came to an agreement that a Com- 
pany of Granadiers ought to be added to Col. Oglethorpes Regiment 
and a double number of Subaltern Officers. 

23 June 1740. 2. Ml Verelts told me that U Islay had told the 
Gov? of Carolina M? Glen, that if he expected any favour, he must 
live well with Col. Oglethorpe. 

3. He also told me Col. Oglethorpe had wrote to the Regency, that 
by the measures lay'd down, he had no doubt of taking Fort Augus- 
tine. 

4. He also told me that he was forced himself to apply to L? Sun- 
don (a L? of the Treasury) for repayment of the 2000.£ advanc'd by 
the Trustees for the Military Services of y e Colony, who promised to 
call for our Memorial & have it read at the Treasury board. 

5. He had apply'd to Mr Hen. Archer & M? Laroche to do this ser- 
vice to the Trust, but both declined it. 

9 June 1740. 6. Mv Fra. Moore Record? of Frederica and Sec? to 
Col. Oglethorpe wrote M? Verelst that 5 or 6 galleys were suffer'd by 
the Men of War to sail into Augustine which would endanger the 
loss of the intended seige of that town, 

7. And that M? Patrick Grant Naval Officer at Frederica had been 
kill'd in a duel. 

8. As also M? Eyles a Surgeons Mate. 



244 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

11 June 1740. 9. Col. Stephens wrote in his journal that there 
had been a new rising of the Negroes in Carolina. 

10. And that the church of Savannah was that day begun to be 
built. 

13*. 11 11. he also wrote that the Malecontents were taking prog- 
resses through all the Plantations to send over an ace* thereof to their 
Managers in England, to be compared with what he should send. 

21 st Also that MT Jones & MT Whitfield were at variance, because 
the former in the absence of the later, took Millidge an Orphan away 
from the Orphan house. 

23? 12. Also that the light house at Tybee is decay'd past repair. 

24*. h 13. Also that the Carolinians were apprehensive, that Georgia 
would in a few years out do them in trade & Manufacture. 

25 June 1740. 14. MT Whitfeild took notice in a late journal that 
he this day visited Ebenezar, of which he says he walk'd near 4 miles 
in almost one continued feild, with a most plentif ull crop of corn, pease 
& potatoes &c growing on it : all the product of a few months labour. 
That the people were unanimous, the strong helping the weak, & all 
seeming hearty for the Comon good. He beleived that in a few years 
they would be a flourishing people : they already provide food, & ere 
long will be able to provide Raiment for themselves. Their land is 
good, will produce flax, cotton &c. and ly's very near the River. 

24 June 1. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Holland Rog r . s , P., Lapotre Hen., 
LaRoehe J?, Smith Sam!, C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to receive from MT Tho. Christie 
late Recorder of Savahah a Memorial : to order payment of 150 £ 
drawn by Col. Oglethorpe towards building a church at Savannah 
under the direction of Col. Stephens & MT Whitfeild : And to receive 
a Report from MT Ayers & MT Hen. Archer, concerning MT Millar the 
Bottonist's Claym on the Trust ; but we were not a board. 

1. As Trustees, we read the 2 letters wrote to us by MT Whitfeild 
dat. 7 & 9 April 1740. See contents in Fol. [214, 215.] 

2. We read a letter from MT Seward to us dated 4 June, 1740. 
See the contents in Fol. [234]. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 245 

3. A letter from Mr Will. Medcalf to the Trustees dat. 18*? 1 ins* 
was read, signifying that he was ready to accept the Church of Savan- 
nah, and go over when we pleas'd. 

4. The Cofnittee appointed to exchange notes with y? Bank re- 
ported, that the Ballance in the Bank on the 9*. h ins* was 5919.7.6^- 
which was appropriated in the following manner, viz. 

To answer all Expences to Mich! 1740 3351. 0.0 

To answer build? Churches 351. 0. 7 

To the use of the Missionaries 33.10. 2\ 

To paym' of outstand? debts & services for the Colony from 

Mich! 1740 2383.16. 9\ 

5919. 7. 6|- 

5. MV Tho. Christie late Recorder of Savanah (very lately arrived) 
presented a long Memorial supported by Affidavits, containing com- 
plaints of ill usage, misrepresentations made of him, services done by 
him, and money due to him. 

Which Memorial we received, and told him when we should be a 
Comon Council board we would consider it impartially. 

6. His chief complaint was ag s * Col. Stephens & M T . Tho. Jones 
for refusing to let him enter on his Office of I s * Baily of Savanah, or 
to be a Comissioner for examining into the Publick Ace*? to both 
which the Trustees appointed him, & had sent over his Comissions. 

7. He further complain'd that Mr Jones used him uncivily, had vil- 
ify'd his character, & deny'd him the right of issuing Warrants, tho 
Recorder. 

To sev? questions put to him he made y? follow? replyes : 

8. That cultivation of land had annually decreas'd in the Colony. 
One main reason whereof is, the want of servants, they leaving the 
Colony when out of their time, and their Masters not able to purchasse 
new ones. 

9. That the people decrease daily, and no more than 59 Freehold- 
ers remain in Savanah, & very few Inmates. 

10. My Seward (lately arrived from Savannah) to obtain a Grant 
of land, gave me the following Ace*, of the Colony, 

11. That he heard the Saltsburgers at Ebenezar succeeded pretty 
well by the help of their friends in Germany : 

12. But that all the rest of the Province where he had been was al- 
most wasted, scarce any remaining but such as depended on the Regi- 
ment, or who were in the Trustees pay. 



246 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

13. That all the Moravians are gone. 

14. That the land is tolerably good, and as good as that in Caro- 
lina: 

15. But the people would not cultivate because of their Tenure, 
saying they would not be slaves. 

16. Neither can they cultivate for want of Negroe slaves 4 of whom 
are kept as cheap as one white servant, the wages of which last is 10 £ 
currency or 1.5.0 sterl? p month, which comes to 10 pence a day, be- 
sides provision : 

17. So that it answers not to sow corn, which is bought at a shil- 
ling a bushell, which is cheaper than our people can raise it. 

18. That there is not a garden at Darien, and we were falsly in- 
form'd that those of Darien supply the Regiment with fresh beefe, for 
they have all their sustenance by water from Frederica. 

19. That the Inhabitants scarce know who are their Governours, 
whether the Trustees or Col. Oglethorpe : the Magistrates sometimes 
taking their directions from him, And he at other times making diffi- 
culties that he has no power to direct. 

20. That he persuaded himself it would be agreable to the Trus- 
tees to save the Expence of Magistrates sallaries, by vesting with 
that character, persons who would accept of the Office without pay, 
such as Mf J? Brownfeild & Mr Woodrofe who were good Men & 
capable. 

21. That if the land were granted in absolute Freehold, many Meth- 
odists (so cry'd out ag s * in Engl? would go over & settle in the Colony, 
where they might enjoy their opinions without offence : but unless 
that be granted, MT Whitfeild & he should think themselves obliged 
to dissuade the Methodists from settling there, but in Pensilvanea. 

22. That he had purchassed in Pensilvanea 5000 acres for 2200<£ 
sterl? for a school to instruct Negroes, which stands in M? Whitfeilds 
name, who pays him 5 p cent for his money. 

23. That Col. Oglethorpe dos not favour My Whitfeild in taking 
the Orphans into his house. 

24. That he design'd to apply for a grant of 500 acres near adjoyn- 
ing to the Orphan house, intending to cultivate it, and at his death be- 
queath it to the Orphan house : but he would not do it, unless he had 
all the priviledges that they have in all the other Colonies, particu- 
larly to sell it if he pleased, for he would not be fetter'd. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 247 

26 June 2. [Present,] Egmont, Eyles Fra., Lapotre Hen., LaRoche J?, Smith 

Sam., Vernon Ja. , C. C. 

A Comon Council was sufuon'd to consider of M? Whitfeilds letters, 
and MF Sewards application for a grant : and also of Mf Christies 
Memorial presented the 24*. h ins* but we were not a board. 

1. M? Seward attended to know on what conditions he should have 
a grant of 500 Acres, to bequeath at his death to the Orphan house, 
he said his purpose was to fence in the land for a supply of Cattle to 
the Orphans, & therefore he would not be obliged to the planting 
mulberry trees or vines, or to other Covenants attended by forfeiture, 
except the payment of Quitrent. 

2. He said he would not insist on liberty to employ Negroes, seing 
there was a law against it : but he beleived the Colony could not pos- 
sibly go on without them. 

3. He also beleived it could not go on, unless the Inhabitants were 
allow'd liberty to dispose of their Property as in other Provinces ; 
and in a word were as free as them. 

4. That One reason why he would not be obliged to plant Mul- 
berry trees or vines, was that he thought silk and wine lead to vanity 
& vice, and as to silk it was all a Chimera : he saw no Muberry trees 
but in the Publick garden. 

5. He said he beleived when he left the Province, there were not 
above 500 souls in it exclusive of the Saltsburgers at Ebenezar & the 
Regiment. 

6. That he look'd on M. v . Tho. Jones to be an honest Man : that he 
is a Methodist, always having held their opinions, but for want of 
company & countenance was not able to manifest it. 

7. That Mr J? Brownfeild our Register is also a Methodist a thor- 
ough one, & zealous for the Colony's good. 

8. That MY Burnside is also a Methodist, & MT Whitfeild had 
made him Overseer of his Orphan house. 

9. He desired not to be ask'd his opinion of MF Fallowfeild, but 
denied he was (as we thought) a Methodist. 

10. Neither would he give his opinion of M? Hen. Parker, but 
hinted he liked him not. 

11. He beleived M? Whitfeild was by this time return'd to Savan- 
nah, where he fear'd no body, but told every one their own, rebuking 
them fer what he found them faulty in. 

12. And he had forbid M? Norris the Sacrament, for playing at 
cards, when he should be going about doing his duty. 



248 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

13. Ml' Christie attended, & presented a letter, wherein he back'd 
his memorial, and justified himself from being the person who brought 
her over, and from cohabiting with her : he said she came indeed over 
in the same ship with him, but it was to attend as servant upon M r . a 
Carteret, and he avoided her company on board. 

13. James Smith a Freeholder of Savahah (lately come over with 
his wife) appear'd and presented a petition for leave to sell his lot, an 
Estate in Scotland having fallen to him, which is incumber'd with 
debt, which he would willingly clear by selling his lot. We bid him 
come again when we were a Comon Council board, for as Trustees we 
could do nothing in it. 

14. We Imprest 500£ to Aid? Hankey for the following occasions 
viz. 

To tender to Ml Wrag the Order of Cap' Macpherson Reported to 
be due to said Cap' after disallowing 240.2.6 claim'd by him ; 
189.13.1^ w c . h sum was orderd in Comon Council 25 March last . 189. 13. \\ 

For Sallaries to Sec? & Accomp? due MidS? 1 740 150. 0.0 

For Rent due of the Office 7. 10. 

For a bill drawn toward building y e Church at Savanah . . . .150. 0. 
To make the draft on the bank an even sum 2. 16.10^ 

500. 0. 

15. After these businesses were over we debated about contenting 
the Inhabitants by farther alteration of their Tenures, & whether to 
allow them the use of Negroes in some shape or other. 

M? Lapotre was against humouring them in either: 

M? Vernon seem'd enclined for both, alledging that as to Negroes, 
our Law against them dos not forbid Free Negroes from settling in 
the Colony, but only the use of them as slaves. That the preamble 
of the Act shews the prohibition is only of slaves, and by the law of 
England a free Negroe is as much a subject as a white man, & may set 
up any trade. 

MF LaRoche said the same, but that it ought to be well consider'd, 
before we consented to allow Free Negroes to come into the Province : 
for under colour of that, slaves flying from Carolina & passing through 
our Province in their way to Augustine could not be known from Free 
Negroes, & therefore could not be taken up. 

I said I was against allowing free Negroes for the reason Mf La- 
Roche had given, and because as they work cheaper, they would dis- 
courage & drive away white servants. That I saw no other inconven- 
ience than this by admitting them ; and possibly this might be reme- 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 249 

died by passing an Act to regulate wages, for then a free Negro 
would demand as high wages as a hired white servant could demand, 
and it would be indifferent to a Master whether he hired a Negro or 
white servant, for tho the Negro can work some hours in the day 
whilst for the heat the white servant cannot : yet this is made up by 
the whitimans doing his work after a better manner than a Negro 
does, as appears from Cap* Dunbars deposition. As to the Colonies 
being endanger'd by admitting Free Negroes, I thought there was 
not the least likelyhood of their running to the Spaniards, since they 
could not better themselves. 

I was very urgent for altering the Tenures, thinking there was an 
absolute necessity for it : I shew'd that for want of it the Inhabitants 
were daily withdrawing themselves ; That the only End of the strict- 
ness of our Tenure was to keep the Inhabitants in the Colony, but 
seeing it has had a quite contrary effect, we must change our meas- 
ures, or the Colony would be entirely abandon'd, which would bring 
a lasting reproach on us. That if we refused to give the Inhabitants 
all the ease & liberty possible, consistent with the safety of the Prov- 
ince, it would be better for us to surrender our Charter : for we should 
be accused of suffering the Colony to perish by our own wilfullness & 
mistakes. That I saw no inconvenience would arise from suffering 
the people to alienate their lands in their life time, or to annex other 
lands by marriage or gift (which were things the people desired), 
but I was not for allowing any person to add to his possessions by pur- 
chasse. That no Man could sell, but another must buy who would be 
ty'd up to the same conditions & covenants as he lay under who sold. 
That it is certain the silk will never come to any thing but by a num- 
ber of Inhabitants, and therefore we should take care above all things 
to keep those who are yet remaining, & to invite Others to return. 

M? LaRoche said that the danger of allowing the people to sell 
was that the Carolina people would buy and make themselves Mas- 
ters of the Province which they much desire, and One rich Man might 
buy up all the Freeholds already granted. 

I reply'd that might easily be prevented, by suffering no person to 
purchasse more than 500 Acres. At length, 

All we determind was, that Our Accomp* should reduce to writing 
what past in this debate, to be consider'd of at next meeting, 

And that he should prepare a draft of a Grant of 500 acres for M? 
Seward, and shew the same to M? Hen. Archer & M? Holland for 
their correction. 

32 



250 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

26 June 1740. 1. Col. Stephens in his journal of that day wrote 
that the Malecontents had set up horse races, where Patrick Tailfer 
harrang'd the people upon the baseness of their Tenures, but no per- 
son of good character joyn'd the Company. 

2. The same day M? Boltzius wrote from Ebenezar to M- Hen. 
Newman Secret? for promoting Christian knowledge, that but a child 
of 4 years old had died there in the space of this year. 

3. And that they had an exceeding good prospect of a plentifull 
harvestin the feilds of the Saltsburgers about the Town, as well as 
on their respective Plantations. 

30 June 1740. 1. M? Whitfeild went to Carolina, as appears by 
Col. Stephens journal where the Bi. of Londons Comissary My Garden 
cited him to answer for preaching false doctrine and irregular prac- 
tices, & forbid him the Sacrament. 

30 June 1740. 2. Col. Stephens wrote in his journal of that day, 
that My J? Brownfeild was chief steward of the Orphan house & gave 
himself wholly to that care, so that he appointed Will. Ewen (for- 
merly clerk of the Publick stores under My Causton, to take charge of 
his private stores. 

Also that thereby William Ewen who went on industriously on His 
50 acre lot at Skeedeway had ceased his labour there. 

Also that MT Tho. Causton was so wasted in health, that it was 
thought he could not recover. 

2 July 1740. I visited Mr Horton to discourse him on the in- 
tended alterations of Tenures in Georgia. He said, 

1. He had been employ 'd with My Verelts there upon, & verily be 
leived, that what had been consider'd by the Trustees, would when 
granted, satisfy all the reasonable part of the Colony, and such as in- 
tended to remain in it ; But there were some who would never be sat- 
isfy'd do what we would, particularly such as aimed at the Magis- 
tracy, or wanted to make great fortunes by employing Negroes. 

2. That he beleived the Colony would be endanger'd by employ- 
ing Negroes, And industrious people might live comfortably without 
them, but could not indeed grow rich. 

3. That there was (when he left Frederica) a spirit for planting 
of Mulberry trees in the Southern division, but it was a thing quite 
new to them ; And it would be necessary to set some apprentices 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 251 

under M r ? Camuche, that the management of silk might be better 
known & the knowledge spread, and that if that woman should die, 
the Art would be lost. 

4. That there must be many more Inhabitants in the Province than 
My Seward told us. 

5. That My Seward misinform'd us concerning the Darien people 
not supplying the Regiment with fresh beef: for they usually send 
down 5 or 6 beefs a week. 

6. That indeed he knew but of one Darien Inhabitant who had a 
garden, but they cultivate land. 

7 July. 3. [Present,] Archer Tho., Beauclerc L? Sidney, Egmont, Eyles Fra., 
Lapotre Hen., LaRoche J?, Smith Sam., Ch., Towers Tho., Vernon Ja., Pr., 
C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd, to consider whether it would not 
be better for the Inhabitants of Georgia to hold their lands in Copy 
hold alienable at a small Fyne certain (but no one to purchasse more 
than 500 Acres) than to remain under Covenants of farther Grants to 
be made hereafter : and for other Business. 

1. As Trustees we seal'd a Deed of Revocation of My Whitfeilds 
power to perform Ecclesiastical Offices at Savannah and Put the seal 
to it. 

2. We seal'd My Medcalfs constitution to be Minister at Savannah 
in Mr Whitfeilds room & to do Ecclesiastical duties there. 

3. We put the seal to a Memorial to the Incorporate Society, de- 
siring the sallary they allow My Norris at Frederica might be trans- 
fer'd to My Metcalf. 

As Comon Council we received the Report made by My Lapotre, 
that he Mr Vernon & My Ayers had exchanged the last years vouch- 
ers at the Bank, and that the Ballance of the Trustees Cash there 
on 9. June 1740 was 5919.7.7 

4. The Accomp* My Verelts acquainted the board, that pursuant to 
their order 26 t . h of June last, a draft had been made, or Impress to 
Sy Jos. Hankey & CompT for 500<£ dat 28. of said month, to answer 
the occasions of the Trust. 

5. Order'd that Gen* Oglethorpes bill for 150£ towards building a 
Church at Savanah (being part of 300 £ appropriated for that pur- 
pose) be paid : so many less sola bills to the value of 150.£ having 
been sent to Georgia. 

6. Order'd that a Grant of 500 Acres of land be made out to 



252 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

M? Will™ Seward, to be set out w*? his consent, and cultivated as lie 
pleases : to hold the same for his life, with power to leave the same 
to the Orphan house, or to such other as he shall think fit by will ; 
with a Proviso that if he do not leave it to the Orphan house but to 
any particular person, that it be lyable to limitations. 

7. Order'd that the said Grant be seal'd before the Trustees, and 
that the Secret? do countersign it, and a Memorial of the same, in 
order to be registerd with the Auditor of the Plantations : if he thinks 
fit to take a Grant on these terms. 

8. Order'd that 1000 £ in sola bills, be sent to Georgia by Cap! 
Thompson towards the estimated Expences of the Colony from Mich? 
1740. And that any 5 of the Comon Council draw on the Bank for 
paym! of them on their return. 

9. Resolv'd that it be refer'd to the Cornittee of Ace*. 3 to examine 
the demands of L* Col. Cochran & L* Horton concerning the Barrack 
money payable by the Treasury. 

10. Mf LaRoche acquainted the board that he was desired by L? 
Sundon (a L? of the Treasury) to request the favour of us to respite 
the Treasury's payment of the 2000 £ due to us for moneys employ'd 
in the defence & security of the Province (as the barracks above meu- 
tion'd &c) and for which we had presented a Memorial to be repay'd, 
but which SF Will™ Young Sec? at War had neglected last session to 
put into the Estimate of services on the Military Ace* incurr'd ; and 
that L? Sundon assured us this sum should be put into the Estimate 
next sessions. 

After some debate we agreed thereto, but we desired M? LaRoche 
to acquaint my Lord, that we could take no notice of verbal Messages, 
but should expect the Treasury would sign a Resolution (we now 
drew up) signifying that their Lordships were satisfy'd that the said 
sum had been expended by us for the Military service of the Colony, 
& ought to be repaid us, with resolution that it should be paid us out 
of the next money appropriated by Parliament for services incurr'd & 
not provided for in America. 

But I exprest my doubt whether the little money we had left to 
supply our half years Estimate end? at Michlemass 1741 would hold 
out, especially as part of this 2000.£ remains yet to be paid, viz. 800<£ : 
and I said it was very hard upon us to lend the Goverment 2 years, 
2000£ and thereby distress ourselves, when we ought rather to ex- 
pect that the Goverment should advance money to us in case of ne- 
cessity : besides this was trusting to Sr Robert Walpole, who had no 
affection for the Colony. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 253 

Mr LaRoche reply'd, he could assure us S? Robert had good inten- 
tions to support the Colony : And MF Verelts said he had look'd 
into our Cash, and was sure the Estimate would not draw all away, so 
as to inconvenience us before the 2000 £ should be paid ; for that the 
sola bills we should issue did seldom come back to be paid under 4 
months, in which time we might expect the money. 

11. Referr'd to the same Comittee, MF Tho. Christie's Memorial. 

12. Also the demand of Mv Tho. Jennys. 

13. M? Hen. Archer reported from the Comittee appointed to con- 
sider Mr Andrew Miller's (late Bottonist) Memorial, that M? Ayers 
& he had considerd it and the circumstances : and were of opinion 
that the Trustees were not lyable in point of law, to make good any 
deficiencies of the sums subscribed by the Apothecaries Comp? & 
others for the Botonist. 

14. We then call'd in Lieu* Horton who attended, and consulting 
with him the steps to be taken for making the people easie in their 
Tenures, came to the following Resolutions. 

(1.) That no advantage be taken ag 8 .' any of the present possessors 
of land in Georgia, for any breach of Covenants or Forfeitures, in- 
curr'd at any time before Midsumer 1740, in relation to the Tenure 
or cultivation of their lands : and that a proper release in Law be pre- 
pared & executed for that purpose. 

(2.) That in the Proviso, in the Resolutions of the Trustees for es- 
tablishing the Colony of Georgia, relating to the Grants & Tenure of 
lands within the said Colony dat. 28 Aug. 1739, viz. That no daugh- 
ter or other person shall be capable of enjoying any Devise, which may 
thereby encrease his or her former possession of lands within the said 
Colony to more than 500 acres, but such devise to be void, and the lands 
thereby given to descend in such manner as if no such devise had been 
made, That the words 500 be left out, & the words 2000 be incerted. 

(3.) We also concluded on sev' changes to be made in the Tenure, 
as that the Inhabitants should have leave for 2 years to come to make 
leases for 7 years of the whole or part of their lands. 

(4.) That they should not be held to cultivate and plant so great a 
number of Acres as is exprest in their present Grants, but only 60 
acres in 10 years on 500 Acres Grants, & 60 more the 10 following 
years. 

(5.) That only 1000 Mulberry trees be planted on a 500 acre lot 
for the first 10 years : and 1000 trees within the next 10 years. 

(6.) That on 50 acre lots it should be sufficient to plant 50 trees in 
the first 10 years, & 50 more in the next 10 years. 



254 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

15. Order'd a form of Grants pursuant to these determinations for 
the Trustees perusal. 

16. Liu! Horton told us that when this was done, all reasonable 
people in the Colony would be satisfied. 

17. He farther told us, that as to the 50 acre lots, One man can do 
no more than clear his garden. 

18. That of 10 servants there are generally 2 sick : so that they 
can pass but for 8 at constant work ; but that so reckoning, 10 men 
can for the first year cultivate but 25 acres. 

19. That he beleived there would be 50000 Mulberry trees planted 
in the southern division of the Province this year. 

20. That Quarter Master Wansett had but 2 vines living out of 
4000 slips, when they arrived 2 years ago : But that this year there 
were many thousand, and it was hoped they would prove well. 

21. That till the silk becomes a Comodity, the only trade of the 
Colony will be lumber, & fresh meat to carry to the Islands 

22. That it is necessary one third of the lots should be excused Cul- 
tivation, because the timber thereon ought to be preserv'd : for at 
present, Timber (of which himself has a great quantity excellent for 
building ships) for want of a market is only a drug if cut down, & must 
be burnt : whereas in a compass of years (perhapps 18 or 20 years 
hence) it will be very valuable for exportation. 

23. That notwithstanding Robert Williams complaint of want of 
Negroes, whereby his lumber (by the dearness of white mens labour) 
stood him in 20 p cent more than lumber from other Colonies, yet 
Williams had sent several ship loads of lumber from Savannah, and 
own'd he had a gain thereby altho he paid 3 shillings a day to hired 
laboui-ers to cut it. 

24. That Patrick Grant is an usefull Man, & the best Planter in 
Georgia : that he is now settled at Frederica, & is Naval Officer in 
Sam? Davison's room who resign'd : and it would be proper to make 
him a justice of Peace, because of his station & residence. 

12. July. 4. [Present,] Egmont, Eyles, Lapotre Hen., LaRoche J?, Smith, C. C. 

The Comittee of Accompts met. 

1. We took into consideration a letter from Eliz. & Tho. Jenys of 
Charlestown stating their Ace* with the Trustees : and we were of 
opinion that they bad a private transactkm with Mr Tho. Causton, 
besides that with the Trust, and that when they found he could not 
pay them, they charged his debt upon us. We disagreed also to some 
other parts of their Ace! 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 255 

2. Col. Cochran attended, and was very urgent that we should pay 
him the ballance of his Ace* of disbursments amounting to 444 <£, ex- 
pended on ace* of the landing the Regiment in Georgia, building the 
soldiers huts, hiring pettiaguas to carry them from Savannah to S* 
Simons Island &c. 

We told him the Trustees were not warranted to pay him any 
money given by the Parliament for the Civil Uses of the Colony, his 
demand being for Military services. 

He reply'd the Treasury would repay it by putting it into the Es- 
timate of services incurr'd & not provided for, and that they had 
promis'd it. 

We said they had indeed made a minute of it & sent the same to 
us, but it was not satisfactory, for it did not bind them down to repay 
it, & we were not absolutly sure the Parliament would grant it, so 
that as Trustees for the Publick we knew not how we could justify 
advancing this money; however we would see if any thing could be 
done for his satisfaction, and come to some resolution next monday, 
in case we should be a Comon Council. In the mean time we desired 
Oath should be made to the truth of his Ace* of disbursments, which 
Mf Tho. Stephens who came with him to the Office, offer'd to do. 

3. Lieu* Horton likewise attended to be repay'd 69.11.0 expended 
by him on the military Ace* 

We told him the same we did L* Col. Cochran, and added that we 
beleived the Comon Council wou'd require both him & the L* Col' to 
give security to repay the money desired by them in case the Goverm* 
should not. 

4. Mr Tho. Christie attended between whom & the Trustees there 
was a difference of Ace*? ; the Comissioners of Acc*. s in Georgia mak- 
ing him Debtor 30£ to the Trust, and he making us his debt r 100£. 
We examin'd his Ace*. 3 article by Article, and as he explain'd them, 
it seem'd to us that his demands were just, and his Ace* right. 

5. Report on these sevl heads was order'd to be prepared against 
next monday. 

14. July. 5. [Present,] Beauclerc (L? Sidney, Pr., Egmont, Eyles Fra., Lapotre 
Hen., LaRoche J°, Smith Sam., Towers Tho., C. C. 

A Common Council was sumond to receive the Report of the Com- 
mittee of Ace*? that met 12 ins*, but we were not a board 

1. L* Col. Cochran and L* Horton attended, to know our Intentions 
ab* paying their demands. 



256 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

We told them as we did before (fol. [255]) we could not risk the 
paying them, and that the minute then mention'd to be made by the 
Treasury seem'd to us a shift to get rid of us, with design not to pay 
the money, otherwise they might have put it into the list of services 
incurr'd & not provided for, given into Parliam! this last session. 

But part of the L! Colonels ace! being for wine &c deliver'd into our 
Publick store at Savannah, we seperated the same from the military 
disbursm*. 8 and told him that should be paid him upon M? Tho. Ste- 
phens swearing to the truth of the delivery of them. 

2. M? Tho. Christie also attended, but being no Comon Council 
board we could not receive the report of the Comittee relating to him. 

3. James Smith Freeholder of Savahah appear'd, & acquainted us 
that he had agreed to sell his Lot to Cap! Will 1 ? Thompson for 20 £ 
if he had our consent. 

We gave our consent. 

4. Read a letter of Attorney empowring the Accomp! to receive at 
his Majestie's Exchequer 4000=6 granted last Session of Parliam! 
for the farther settling & improving the Colony : to which we put the 
Seal, ordering the Sec? to countersign it : and that the money be 
imediately put into the Bank of England. 

14 July 1740. This day Col. Oglethorpe broke up the seige of 
Augustine, the Sea Officers having dissappointed the taking it by let- 
ting provision enter the town. 

See Col. Vanderdussens Ace! of the siege of the above date 
as also Col. Oglethorpes letters to Col. Cecil & to the Trustees 
dated 19 July 1740. All which are in the 5 Vol. of letters from 
Georgia. 

21. July. 6. [Present,] Beauclerc L. d Sid:, Archer Hen., Egmont, Pr., Eyles Fra., 
Lapotre Hen., Ch., Smith Sam., Towers Tho., Towers Chr!, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council and Trustee Board was sumon'd. 

1. As Trustees, we rec? the report that the 4000£ given this year 
by Parliam! was paid to the Accomp! and lodg'd in the Bank, 17*? 
inst! 

2. We read the Report of the LI 8 of Trade dat. 8 feby last to the 
Privy Council upon the draft of a Pilot Act, which had been prepared 
by us & was refer'd to the board of Trade. This Report appeard 
to be made with great animosity against us : but we were not much 
surprised at it, that Board being constantly our Enemies. We refer'd 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 257 

the consideration of it to Mr Hen. Archer, Mr Ayers, Mr Tho. Tow- 
ers & Mr Holland, or any 2 of them. 

As Comon Council 

3. We order'd that 1000 sola bills (besides those order'd the 7. 
ins?) be sent to Georgia, by Cap* Thompson. 

2. We Imprest 200 £ to Aid" Hankey for the occasions of the 
Trust. 

3. That the Apothecary's bill for our housekeeper be paid. 

4. Resolv'd that Patrick Houston in Georgia be appointed a Con- 
servator of the Peace. NB. this was an Error as to the Person, for it 
should have been Patrick Grant. 

5. Resolv'd that the Recorder of Savannah & of Frederica be ap- 
pointed Conservators of the Peace. 

6. Order'd that their Appointments be made out, and the Corpora- 
tion Seal put thereto. 

7. Resolv'd that Tho. Christie be removed from being Recorder of 
Savahah. 

8. Resolv'd that J? Pye be appointed Recorder of Savahah and his 
appointment made out and the Corporation Seal put thereto. 

9. Read the petition of Ja. Smith of Savanah desiring leave to dis- 
pose of his house and Lot in Savanah and Resolv'd that on his surren- 
dering said lot to the Trustees, a grant be made of the same to Cap* 
William Thompson, and that the Corporation Seal be put thereto. 
NB. the Cap* p? him 20<£ for it. 

10. We then went into consideration of the Tenures of land in our 
Province & 

Resolv'd that the conditions in the Grants already made concerning 
the cultivation of land, & planting Mulberry trees be revoked, and that 
the following conditions be inserted in their stead, viz. 

(1.) That all possessors of 50 acres of land, shall not be obliged by 
their Grants to cultivate more than 5 acres of wood ground, part 
thereof, and plant more than 50 white mulberry trees or plants on 
their lands in 10 years from the date of their Grants ; And all Posses- 
sors of land under 50 acres to be in the same proportion. 

(2.) That all possessors of 500 acres of land, shall not be obliged 
by their Grants to cultivate more than 60 acres of wood ground part 
thereof in ten years from the date of their grants, in the manner fol- 
lowing, viz. 25 acres thereof within 4 years from the date : & other 25 
acres within 8 years of the date : & the remaining 10 acres before the 
expiration of the said term of ten years. 

33 



258 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

And 60 acres more of wood ground, other p* thereof within the 
farther space of another 10 years next immediatly following the first 
term of 10 years before rnention'd ; And that they shall not be obliged 
to plant on their land more than 1000 white Mulberry trees or plants 
in the first term of 10 years : One 1000 more in the 2 d term of 10 years 
before rnention'd, And all Possessors of land under 500 Acres and above 
50, to be in the same proportion, 

(3.) That in all future Grants the aforesaid new Conditions be in- 
serted. 

(4.) That a general licence be granted for 2 years from Christmass 
1740, for all possessors of Land in Georgia to make leases of any part 
of their Lots for any term not exceeding 5 years from the date of the 
Lease to any person or persons residing in Georgia, and who shall con- 
tinue resident there during the term of such lease. 

(5.) Order'd that Drafts of the Following Deeds be prepared, and 
if approved of by M? Hen. Archer, Mf Rob* Ayers, and MT Tho. 
Towers, or any two of them, that the same be written out fair, & that 
the seal of the Corporation be affixt there to, and that the secretary 
do countersign the same, viz. 

(6.) A deed to revoke the power given Aug 8 .' 28. 1739 to the Magis- 
trates of the Town Courts in Georgia, to re-enter upon the lands of 
those persons who have neglected or refused to perform the conditions 
or Provisoes in their Grants. 

(7.) A proper release in law to declare that no advantage shall be 
taken against any of the present Possessors of lands in Georgia, for 
any breach of Covenants or Forfeitures incurr'd at any time before 
MidsumT 1740 in relation to the tenure or cultivation of their lands 

(8.) A Deed to revoke the conditions in the Grants already made 
concerning the cultivation of land, and planting of Mulberry trees, & 
to substitute in their stead the new conditions of cultivation and plant- 
ing Mulberry trees. 

11. Read a letter fronT MT J? Sharp relating to the Ace* of Cap' 
Roger Lacy deceased : and Order'd that a Copy of the said Ace* be 
sent to My J? Sharp. 

12. Read the Report of the Comittee of Ace*? of 12 July 1740 re- 
lating to Eliz. & Tho. Jennys Ace*? with the Trustees, and agreed there 
to, and orderd payments demanded by them except for some bricks 
not deliver'd. 

13. Read the same Comittees report touching L* Col. Cochrans de- 
mand, & order'd that 15.3.11 be paid him, being for wine &c deliverd 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 259 

by him to the Trustees Store, But that 429.8.2. being expended for 
the Military services of the Colony be not paid. 

14. Read the same Comittees Report upon L* Hortons Memorial to 
be repaid 69.11,9 for building Barracks at S* Simons: which being 
for the Military Services of the Colony, it was resolv'd not to be paid 
by the Trust. 

15. Read the same Comittees report upon Tho. Christies Claym of 
lOOii annext to his Memorials & papers lay'd before the Trustees 24 
June 1740, and finding the sum of 50.12.3 due to him, (provided that 
no farther charge than 30,£ debt is owing by him to the Trustees as 
reported by the Comissioners of Ace* 3 in Georgia) 

We resolv'd to advance him 20<£ upon account, on his giving suffi- 
cient security for the repay m! of the same if it did not hereafter ap- 
pear to be due to him. 

He was very urgent not to be put off to a long time for receiving 
the remainder of his debt, and we told him, if we did not soon receive 
further light from the Comissioners of Ace*? in Georgia, we would pay 
him the rest. 

A Copy of this long Report of 12 July is in my 5'? 1 Vol. of letters to 
Georgia. 

26 July 1740. 1. The Council and Assembly of S. Carolina sign'd a 
petition and Representation to his Majesty, expressing their miserable 
condition, their Apprehensions of the Spaniards, upon the ill success of 
y e Seige of Augustine which they impute to Col. Oglethorpes bad con- 
duct, their danger from their own Negroes, and that their expectations 
& hopes arrising at first from the Settlement of Georgia were now 
vanished & gone, by the drooping and languid condition of the few 
Inhabitants which still remain'd there. 

NB. that according to Col. Stephens journal, things are in a good 
condition in Georgia ; but Carolina bears spight both to Col. Ogle- 
thorpe and the Colony : and every idle & malicious tale sent from 
thence by our Scotch Club & other Malecontents passes for truth with 
Carolina. 

25 July 1740. 2. Col. Stephens wrote that My Whitfeild was re- 
turnd to Savanah from Carolina. 

27 July 1740. 1. Col. Oglethorpe return'd to Frederica with his 
Forces, the Seige of Augustine being broke up, by the refusal of the 



260 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [August, 

Men of War to send their boats to attack the Spanish Galleys who by- 
negligence of our Sea Captains were got in with provisions. See M r . 
Moores letter to MT Verelts in the 5*. h Vol. of letters from Georgia. 
He added that Col. Oglethorpe was very ill. 

2. 1 Aug 8 .* 1740 Col. Stephens wrote in his journal that pursuant 
to an order publickly affixt up by him, 70 Freeholders laid in their 
Claims to such lots as they held. 

3. 6 Aug 8 * he wrote that Col. Oglethorpe was ill of a fever & re- 
duced extroardinarily weak, attributed to vexation for his dissappoint- 
ment of miscarrying before Augustine. 

4. 8 Aug 3 * he wrote that M? Tho. Causton was so wasted that there 
was little hopes of surviving it much longer. 

5. 15 Aug st He wrote that more than 70 Freeholders, besides those 
mentiond the 1. of that month, had put in their Claims to their Lots. 

6. 16. Aug 8 .* He wrote a remarkable factious behaviour of the S* 
Andrews Club in countenancing certain vile rogues in abusing the 
Magistracy. It may be seen at length in his journal Vol. 3. 

7. 19*! 1 Aug st He wrote that M? Whitfeild embark'd for his in- 
tended Northern Voyage, & 

Robert Gilbert formerly Magistrate of Savanah & his wife went w*. h 
him, who had never planted. 

8. 21. Aug 8 .* He wrote that he & M? Jones had a providential de- 
liverance being shot at twice with bullet by a servant of one Phelps 
who was late a storekeeper at Savanah, and a factious fellow of the 
S* Andrews Club. 

9. 22 Aug 8 .* He wrote that more Freeholders put in their Claims. 

10. 26 Aug 8 * He wrote that he deliver'd to Sterling, Grant & Doug- 
lass the Trustees letter to them, giving them permission to settle on 
Wilmington Isl? 

11. 31. Aug st The S* Andrews club broke up : For Dr Tailfer & 
his crew, Douglass, W. Sterling Tho. Baillie & Edw? Jenkyns with 
his wife quit the colony, on which Col. Stephens wrote 20 Sept. fol- 
lowing, thus we have got rid of that cursed club &c. 

12. Soon after D? Nunez, Dan} his son, & Delyons wife, all jews, 
together with J? Pyes wife, Duchees wife, Penrose's wife went off. 

13. Sept. 1. Col. Stephens arrived at Frederica from Savanah & 
presented Col. Oglethorpe with a bottle of Savanah wine, who was 
much weakend by a lurking Fever. 

14. He wrote that the Camp at the S. E. End of S* Simons Island is 
about 8 miles by land from Frederica, but by water much further round. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 261 

15. That Col. Oglethorpe was fortifying the whole town of Fred- 
erica, with a Trench and proper works at distances. 

1. On the 9*. h Aug 8 .' Mr Verelts came down to Charlton, & I sign'd 
an Impress of 500£ to Aid" Hankey to pay sola bills -return'd from 
Georgia. 

2. On the 26 Aug 8 .* Cap* Will? 1 Thompson made affidavit 

(1.) That the Beacon at Tybee is of the greatest consequence to all 
ships coming upon that Coast. 

(2.) That on the Bar of Tybee there is at least 15 feet at low 
Water & 22 feet at high water in common Tides. 

(3.) That ships of 300 Tun may go up to Savanah 10 miles up the 
River from Tybee. 

(4.) That on the Bar of Jekyl there is much the same debth of 
water as at Tybee, & when over the Bar a very convenient harbour 
for almost any number of ships. 

(5.) That Frederica is about 10 miles up the River from Jekyl, 
upon S* Simonds Island, & when he left it (about March) the town 
was begun to be fortify'd round : but a Fort was before erected in the 
front, comanding the River both ways. 

(6.) That the Soldiers cultivated their Lots when not on duty. 

(7.) That the Star fort call'd S* Andrews is on the West part of 
Cumberland Island. 

(8.) That the Climate of Georgia is healthy 

(9.) The soil much the same as in S. Carolina. 

(10.) That Vines & mulberry trees grow wild there. 

(11.) That the possessing Georgia so far to the Southward, & set- 
tling the same with white Inhabitants, is a very great security to all 
his Majesties Colonies in America, & particularly to S. Carolina. 

4 Sept 1 ": 1740. MF Whitfeild wrote from on shipboard in his way 
from Charlestown to Boston, a very offensive letter to our Aceompt* 
acknowledging the receipt of one from him of 24 April ; 

1. He declared he would not give the Trustees a particular Ace* 
of money collected or expended by him for the use of the Orphan 
house in Georgia, neither consult with Col. Stephens in the expending 
it, since the money by him collected was by his own Interest, and not 
by the Trustees, which he gave up as insignifficant, and not suitable 
to his design. 



262 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [September, 

2. That the Orphan house went on surprisingly well, without any 
visible Fund, and is the Colony in mignature. 

3. That the Trustees will not need to be jealous of their power, 
which he wou'd not invade, but he will keep himself allways as de- 
pendent on God alone as possible. 

1. On the 5*! 1 Sept br I went to the Georgia Office, but there was no 
board, MF Lapotre being only there. The time pressing for pay- 
ment of sola bills, My Lapotre & I sign'd an Impress of 500 £ and 
300£ to Aid? Hankey and M? Verelts undertook to get 3 other of the 
Comon Counsellors to subscribe it. 

2. On the 19 th Sept b . r Col. Stephens wrote in his journal that he was 
return'd from Frederica to Savanah, after 3 weeks absence. 

3. That Fort Arguile had been broken open, and a Man and woman 
servant found murder'd, and he suspected it was done by the Spanish 
Doctor formerly mentioned and the Irish man with him, who had 
broken jail as formerly mentioned. 

4. On the 1. Oct b . r he wrote that Mf Tho. Causton had the mis- 
fortune to lose his only son by an intermitting fever. 

5. On the 3. Oct b . r he wrote, that the Spaniard and Irishman were 
taken at the Uchee town, and had contest the murder. 

6. On the 4 tb Oct br he wrote, that a Trading ship arrived that day 
from New York inform'd him, that some of the Runaways thither 
from Savanah already complain'd how much dearer it was living there 
than at home, & wish'd they had not been mislead. 

7. That M? Cambel was return'd from England to Savanah by 
the way of Charlestown, where he fell ill, that place being grown very 
sickly again. 

8. That seeing some of the late Scotch Club at Charlestown, they 
ask'd him if he was not mad to go again to Savannah, where all 
people that were left were starving, and the place must soon be de- 
populated ? So incessant (adds the Colonel) were their vile tongues 
employed in uttering their Venom against the Colony. 

18 Sep br 1740. 1. M? Tho. Jones 3? Bailif of Savanah wrote to 
M? Lyde an Apothecary in London a very favourable ace? of Georgia, 
and also of the miscarriage of the Seige of Augustine, but charged 
the Carolina Regiment with having ill be-haved, as also the Captains 
of the Men of War. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 263 

2. He gave a very bad character of trie Scotch, settlers, call'd the 
S* Andrews Club, and of Robert and James Williams, whose views 
were to supply the Colony with Negroes. That they all kept whores, 
and contemned Religion, and were not well affected to the Gover- 
ment. 

3. That the people of Darien and Ebenezar lived happy & con- 
tented, & the latter supply Savariah with bread kind, meat, poultry &c. 

4. That artifices had been used to gain both these Towns to com- 
ply with the Malecontents in their clamour for Negroes, and MV Bol- 
zius shew'd him a letter he rec? from M? Tho. Stephens, threatening 
that if they came not into the scheme for Negroes, the Goverm! 
would abandon the Colony to the Spaniards. 

5. That a gentleman had shewn him another letter from said Ste- 
phens promising that if the people will give him power, he will pro- 
cure them all the advantages they desire, otherwise he will leave 
them to the Spaniards. 

6. That Savannah is exceeding healthy : he knew not a town in 
England of equal bigness, that in the same space of time had so few 
die in it. he had carefully enquired into the births & burials at Sa- 
vanah for a year past, and found the former exceed the latter as 3 
to 2. 

7. That Mf Whitfeilds family at the Orphan house consisted of 
near 150 persons, viz. 60 in the family including hired servants, 61 
Orphans and other poor children, & 25 Working tradesmen & others, 
in all 146. 

8. That all were alive in health except M r . s Lewin an old woman 
who came from England about Christmass last. 

9. He complain'd of Mt Fallowfeild for being an adopted Member 
of the St Andrews Club. 

10. And of Tho. Christie very heavily for keeping the wife of 
Turner and neglecting his wife : for retailing Rum contrary to law : 
for running into every body's debt : for converting other peoples effects 
to his own use whilst Recorder. For stealing by night out of the 
Colony to Carolina, and from thence to England to avoid being taken 
up. 

18. Octob: 7. [Present,] Egmont, Smith Sam., Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson Ad™, 

Coram Tho., T. T. 

A Comittee of Correspondence & Accompts met. 

1. We consider'd Mf Tho. Hawkins (1. Bailif of Frederica) his 



264 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [October, 

bill & demand on the Trustees, & resolv'd that 50<£ charged by him 
for boats & Men kept by him to pass from Frederica to Darien to 
visit patients there, ought to be disallow'd, whereby his demand 
would be reduced to about 16<£. 

2. We put the Seal to 2000,£ sola bills for the use of the Colony, 
which compleats the half years Estimated allowance to Lady day 
1741. 

3. A petition of the Widow Fage late of Highgate (but return'd 
with her daughter to England 12 April 1739) was read, setting forth 
her indigent circumstances, and her husbands Improvments, & pray- 
ing some releif. We resolv'd that 5£ should be allow'd her out of 
hand, till enquiry could be made what is become of her lot, which 
when sould, the Overplus should be paid her. 

4. A letter from MF Urlesperger of Augsburg dat. 25. August last 
was read, desiring certain goods for the Saltsbui'gers might be sent, 
and also a certain young Man desirous to joyn them. 

We agreed that the Goods should go out of hand with Cap! Will 1 ? 
Thompson of the Georgia Pink, who was to sail the 21 ins* with 30 
Recruits for Col. Oglethorpes Regiment, with whom M r ? Woodrofe of 
Savannah was to go. 

5. A letter from MessF s Woodward & Flower Merchants of Port 
Royal was read, praying relief against MF Fallowfeild who acts as 
Naval Officer at Savannah, and had seized their Cargo of French Su- 
gars & Molossus, and obliged them to give Bond to answer the kings 
duties, which they thought were not rightly demanded, always under- 
standing that no duties were payable to the king for goods brought 
into Georgia. 

We also read a letter of MF Fallowfeilds giving ace! of said seizure, 
and urgently desiring the Trustees Instructions how to act in such 
cases. 

We debated the matter, and agreed, that the Bond taken by MF 
Fallowfeild was illegal & of no force, because he was not a Naval 
Officer yet appointed by the Cofnissioners of the Customs, & conse- 
quently no Officer at all ; But that as these Sugars and Molossus ought 
by the English laws for the Plantations to pay duty, they should still 
remain in MF Fallowfeilds custody, till his Majesties Instructions 
should be had, for which purpose we thought it proper that a Me- 
morial should be presented to his Majesty: and in the mean time 
that those Merchants should be wrote to, that their case is under con- 
sideration, and they should know the Trustees resolution as soon as 
possible. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 265 

6. The same Merchants drew a bill on us for 15<£ odd shillings, 
being for goods deliver'd to M? Tho. Causton 2 years ago, which we 
agreed ought to be paid, the Comissioners of Ace*. 8 in Georgia having 
certified to us that it was a just debt. 

7. A letter from Df Hen. Garret of Savanah to the Trustees, and 
another from him to me was read, praying consideration for his ser- 
vices in settling Orphans accompts, and also complaining of hardships 
done him by the Magistrates of Savanah in relation to the Ace*. 3 of 
Solomon & Minis jews in Partnership at Savanah, whose books he 
kept, but was refused payment for his trouble, wherein he desired us 
to redress him. 

We agreed that his request should be transmitted to Georgia to be 
there examin'd, and the opinions of the Magistrates & Comissioners 
of Ace*? sent us : but that as to his demand relating to the jews, it 
was a private transaction, which the Court of Savannah ought to 
terminate. 

8. The Report of these matters was agreed to be laid before the 
next Cofnon Council board. 

October 1740. 1. This month we had an Ace! that M? "Will. Sew- 
ard who had desired a Grant of 500 Acres, died in Gloucestershire of 
a wound he received in the head by a stone flung at him as he was 
preaching Methodism in the feilds. He was grown so far in enthusi- 
asm that he told his hearers, he knew not a word he said to them, 
but the Angels whisper'd into his ear the words that came out of him. 
He was originally a broker of Stocks in Exchange Alley, and got 
7000,£ by his trade, but died worth nothing, 1000£ excepted which 
his friends prevaild on him to settle on his daughter before he fol- 
low'd W. Whitfeild to Georgia. 

Oct. 1740. 2. We rec^an Ace* that Patrick Grant, a landholder, 
Naval Officer at Frederica, and afterwards a Cadet in Col. Ogle- 
thorpes Regiment was in June last kill'd in duel. 

21 Oct. 1740. M r Tho. Hawkins 1. Bailif of Frederica wrote 
smartly to our Sec? 

1. That the Trustees use him ill, and if the ballance of his Ace! 
with them is not paid, he will fling up his Office. 

2. That he expects the Trustees will defray the charges of his boat 
& 2 servants. 

3. That not a Man in Frederica will cultivate his land. 

34 



266 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

4. That J? Holmes Mackintosh had quitted Darien to settle in Car- 
olina. 

5. That J? Levally jun? and his family : Will. Addison & his family : 
Andrew Mitchel & his family : and Jacob Faulcon and his son had 
all quitted Frederica. 

6. That Samuel Perkins 2? Bailif of Frederica and Fra. Moore Re- 
corder of the same had used him very ill in a cause between him & 
one Allen : And that he appeal'd against them to the Trustees. 

7. That M.!. Tho. Jones makes up unjust reports of Accompts be- 
tween the people and Trustees refer'd to his examination, & makes 
frivelous objections thereto. 

8. That his own Improvments are the greatest of any in the place. 
NB. this letter arrived the 19 April 1741 

Oct. 1740. 9. This month Cap* Will 1 ? Thompson of the Georgia 
Packet saild with 30 Recruits for Col. Oglethorpes Regiment : and 
carry'd with him 3 persons on the Trustees charge. He arrived at 
Charlestown Bar 4 March following 

15. Nov b . r 8. [Present,] Egmont, LaRoche J°, Smith Sam!, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comittee of Accompts was summon'd to examine with the Pay- 
ment book, the Vouchers for the year end? 9*? June last : and to take 
into consideration a Memorial received 10*? ins*, from M? Tho. 
Christie. 

1. We went through the Vouchers of the years Accompts above 
mention'd, <& prepared the Annual Ace! of Receipts and disbursments, 
to be reported to the next Comon Council. 

17 Nov. 9. [Present,] Egmont, Hales Stev", LaKoche J?, Shaftsbury, Smith 
Sam., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to approve the General Ace* of the 
Trustees for the year ending 9 June last, & receive a Report from the 
Comittee of Acc*. s But we were not a board: so we did no business, 

1. Only we read some part of the Impartial Ace* of Georgia which 
we design to print for the Information of the Members of both houses 
of Parliament at their next meeting. 

19 Nov* 10. [Present,] Archer Hen., Ayers Rob!, Ch., Digby Ed., Egmont, Hales 
Steven, Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Towers Christ r ., Tracy Rob!, Vernon Ja., C. C, 
Anderson Ad?, Heathcote S? Will., T. T. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 267 

A Comon Council was Sumon'd, to receive Reports from the Com- 
mittee of Accompts : to approve of the Annual Ace* to the 9. June 
last ; and to consider of the petitions of MF Tho. Christie. 

1. Read the Report of the Comittee of Ace*. 8 of 18 Oct. 1740 con- 
cerning the Ace*. 8 of D? Tho. Hawkins with the Trust from 1 May 
1736 to 3. Nov. 1736 : and that on ballance he ought to be paid 
16.0.10*. 

2. That 59.3.4 ought to be paid to Mess 1 ? Flower and Woodward. 

3. That they had read the petition of Mary Fage wife of Peter Fage 
deceased, late Freeholder at Highgate, desiring consideration for her 
husbands expences in building, & losses ; and were of opinion enquiry 
should be made of the lot he possessed, by whom & in what manner ; 
and if possible to obtain from the Possessor a consideration for her : 
And if the lot be not possessed, that it should be disposed of in the 
best manner for her use by Col. Stephens. 

4. That DT Hen. Garrets claym of 42.14.0 (by letter dat. 1 Aug 8 . 1 
1740) as due to him for stating & ballancing the Orphans Ace* should 
be sent to the Commissioners of Acc t8 in Georgia to examine & report 
upon, being Acc t8 not received, nor any testimonial other than his claym. 

5. The Board agreed to all the particulars of this Report. 

6. Read the Report from the Comittee of Ace*. 3 of 15 Nov b . r 1740, 
that they had gone thi-ough the Annual Ace*, of Receipts & disburse- 
ments end? 9 June 1740, & ballanc'd the same, and that the Bal- 
lance remaining unapplyed was 5919.10.7 

7. The Board approved the Report & resolv'd that any 3 of the 
Comon Council should be empower'd to read over the Geni Ace*, and 
exhibit the same pursuant to Charter : & that when the Ace*, is ex- 
hibited, 100 Copies thereof should be printed. 

8. Read MF Tho. Christies petition setting forth, that in the Com- 
mittees Report made 21 July 1740, Two Sums making together 
26.0.0 due to him were omitted, & hoping that since 4 months were 
past from the time we advane'd him 20 £ on Ace* & no Accompt had 
come to disprove his demand, we would pay him the remainder of his 
Ace* given to the Comittee, & the 26£ now given in. 

9. Resolv'd that the further sum of 30.12.3f be paid him, in case 
no new surcharge shall appear by the Packet which is just arrived, & 
that his bond (for the 20£ formerly advane'd him) be deliver'd up. 

Resolv'd that 10 <£ be allow'd him for a Clark. 
Resolv'd that the maintenance of his 2 servants from June 1738 to 
Sept 1 !' 1739 be not allow'd. 

10. Mr Adam Anderson acquainted the Board, that the Minute of 



268 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

the Comon Council of 23 April 1740 in relation to the Grant of 300 
Acres to the Scotch societies Minister at Darien, had occasioned the 
two following difficulties to be started by that society : 1. they de- 
sired not to be confined to any quantum of sallary to their Missioner. 
2. That it might not be express'd in the Grant that their Minister be 
of the church of Scotland as by law established. 

Resolv'd that the Society be satisfied in those 2 points. 

11. The Accomptant acquainted the Board, that pursuant to Order 
of Council, three drafts on the Banks had been made to Sf Jos. 
Hankey for payment of sola bills, viz. 

13 Aug. 1740 — 500£ 
5 Sept.— 500 
19 Sept — 500 

12. Orderd & sign'd a further Impress to S? Joseph Hankey on 
Ace*. 3 — 250 £. 

19 Nov b . r 1740. Cap* Hugh Mackay arrived this day Express w*. h 
letters from Col. Oglethorpe to the D. of Newcastle and S? Rob*. Wal- 
pole, & one for MF Verelts dat. from Frederica 28 Aug 8 .* acquainting 
him 

1. That he hoped to be able to defend Georgia. 

2. That he was very ill 

3. That he had enclosed an Ace* of his Expences ag 8 .* Augustine. 
He also brought a letter from Col. Oglethorpe to Col. Cecil, dat. 31 
August giving a plain & justifying Ace! of his proceedings in beseig- 
ing Augustine & the reason of that affairs miscarrying. A Copy of it 
may be seen in my 6*! 1 Vol. of letters from Georgia. 

20 Nov. 1740. Col. Stephens wrote to M? Verelts 

1. That he had sent a state of the Colony under the Seal of the 
Town Court attested on the Oathes of those who put their names 
to it 

2. That M? Fallowfeild one of the Magistrates refused to sign it, & 
did so with scorn. 

3. That Duche y e potter refused also. 

4. He explain'd in what manner & why there is a store kept up by 
My Jones at Savanah. 

5. He represented the bad dealings of Adams and Penrose. 

22 Nov. 1740. This day 63 land & Freeholders of Savanah town 
& County sign'd a new Remonstrance demanding & insisting on 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 269 

1. The use of Negroes : 2. To have an absolute power to dispose 
of their lands, and take up newwhereever they please: 3. To be ex- 
cused paying 20 shill? 3 p 100 acres Quittrent. 4. To chuse annually 
their own Bailifs : 5. that the Constables & Ty thing Men be subject 
only to the orders of the Trustees & the Magistrates. They declare 
this is the last application they will make, & if these things are not 
granted will quit the Colony : and they reflect much upon Col. Ste- 
phens, & the 25 who sign'd his Ace! of Savanah. About this time also 
13 land & Freeholders, Runaway to Charlestown, (chiefly the Scotch 
Club) sign'd a Remonstrance to the same purpose as the former. 

These 2 Remonstrances arrived 22 May 1741 : they may be seen in 
my 6*. h Vol. of letters from Georgia. 

27 Nov. 1740. 1. This day arrived sundry letters &c from Geor- 
gia, viz. 

from M 1 . Tho. Jones to M 1 . Verelts letters dat. 1 July 1740, 15 July 
and 1. August. 

Letters from Col. Stephens to the same, dat. 5 July & 4 Aug 8 .* 

And Col. Stephens journal from 14 May to 2. August. 

29 Nov. 1740. 2. Cap* Mackay who was at the seige of Augustine, 
told me 35 Darien Men were slayn at Moosa : and that the seige 
of Augustine miscarry'd entirely by the neglect of the ship Captains, 
in not preventing the seccours of men & provisions sent from Havan- 
nah from entering the river. 

27 Nov. 1740 Col. Stephens wrote the Trustees, 

1. That M? John Fallowfeild was the nrst^in Court that disagreed 
with the Report of the state of the Colony, subscribed to upon Oath 
by 25 Land and Freeholders. 

2. That Duche one of the Constables labour'd in speaking against 
it. 

3. That a petition was handing about, One Copy for the Trustees, 
One for the Parliam* and one for the King, demanding 

(1.) Absolutly the Use of Negroes, but with some limitation. 

(2.) The disposal of Lands without any limitation, & to have a 
fr^e Title to buy and sell any lands, when & to whom they think fit. 

(3.) Magistrates, Constables & Tything Men to be at their own 
election once a year in what manner they please : & the Constables & 
Tything Men so chosen, to be under no other comand than of the 
Trustees or the Magistrates. 



270 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

(4.) Any person upon his sale or disposal of land, to have power 
of taking up new whereever he pleases, being not already granted, 
without any controul or limitation of quantity. 

(5.) Quit Rents are set forth as a great burthen, necessary to be 
taken off, or very much lower'd, the Landholders being unable to 
pay them. 

(6.) After which they say plainly by way of conclusion, that this 
was the last time of asking : and unless it was comply'd with, they 
must seek their bread elsewhere. 

(7.) That there were several reflections on himself the Secret? who 
they pretend has all along led the Trustees in the dark, never letting 
them know the true state of the Colony 

28 Nov. 1740 8. Col. Stephens wrote W. Verelts an Ace* that 
a terrible conflagration had happen'd at Charlestown, which burnt 
several hundred houses of the best part of the town, Chiefly of the 
Merchants on the Bay, and principal Inhabitants. 

4 Dec b . r 1740 9. Will™ Ewen wrote to the Trustees an Ace* of 
his loss by cultivation, & that he & the Inhabitants settled at Skid- 
away had been obliged to abandon the Island & go to Savanah. 

10. Ace* of Isaac Nunez Henriques loss by cultivation came 
also. They both complained that MF Tho. Jones had refused to pay 
them the promised bounty on corn. These papers arrived 22 May 
1741. 

1. Dec* 11. [Present,] Archer Hen., Ayers Rob', Beauclerc L? Sid., Egmont, 
Ch., Lapotre Hen., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Towers Tho., Towers Christ'., Vernon 
Ja., C. C. 

A Comittee of Correspondence on letters lately rec? from Georgia 
was sumon'd : and also 

A Comon Council to consider M? Tho. Christies Memorial for a 
lease of land in Georgia. Also to consider 

A Claym of payment (being indemnified) of sola bills taken by the 
Spaniards. 

1. We read a letter from Cap* Pearee, concerning a sola bill of 10<£ 
taken on board the Carolina ship by the Spaniards when they kill'd 
Col. Brathwayt. 

Order'd that the Same be paid, security being given to indemnify 
the Trustees against the paying it twice over. 



mo.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 271 

2. Read a Memorial from Lieu? Delagal exposing his services in 
Georgia : read also the Comittees Report upon his former application 
for payment, and the Order of Comon Council made 14 April last, 
that the Comissioners of Ace*? in Georgia should certifie their opinion 
of his demand, which order did not go till October last for want of 
Convoy. 

Order'd that in consideration of his necessities, 10 £ be advane'd 
him on Ace* 

3. Order'd that a Comittee meet next Satturday to consider the 
Impartial Ace' of the State of the Colony, prepared by our Secre- 
tary, and that when approved 1000 Copies be printed. 

4. MT Tho. Christie appear'd, and desired to have a lease of 200 
acres on the East side of Savanah, near the town, and on the River. 

Agreed to grant his desire, that his lease should run for 21 years, 
and on renewals to pay double Fine, to carry 4 servants, &c. 

5. We drew up our petition to Parliam* for money, and agreed to 
adjust it finally on Satturday next. 

6. Dec. 12. [Present,] Digby Ed., Egmont, LaKoch J? , Shaf tsbury, Smith Sam., 
L? Tirconnel, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

The Comittee appointed to peruse our Sec 5 : 3 Impartial Account of 
Georgia met and, 

1. After making some few corrections, we order'd it should go to 
the Press, and if possible be printed off before the Holydays. 

NB. It is remarkable that several Members, humble servants of S. r 
Rob? Walpole did not attend, as MT Hen. Archer, the two M? Towers, 
L4 Sidney Beauclerc, M T . Sloper, & M? Fra. Eyles, which I attribute 
to an apprehension they were under of disobliging S r Rob* Walpole 
if they shew'd any zeal in assisting to compose a book, that might con- 
tribute to draw on an enquiry into the state of the Colony, which Sr 
Robert is averse to, or be obliged to support the facts contained in the 
book, if question 'd by any in the house, some of which facts contra- 
dicted certain assertions of S? Robert relating to the Colony. 

S? Robert's indifference to the Colony may be known from L? Sid- 
ney's telling our Secretary, that we should have no money from Par- 
liament this year ; and from MT Hen. Archers asking me whether we 
intended to ask for any ? a cold question for One Trustee to make 
to another ; when I told him yes, or we must surrender our Charter, 
he then hoped the sum would be but SQ00£. 

2. This evening L? Shaf tsbury, MT Smith & I waited on the L? 



272 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

Chancellor & L? Ch. justice Lee with our Annual Ace? of Receipts 
and disbursments to the 9. June 1740 

15. Dec. 13. [Present,] Beauclerc L? Sid". J , Egmont, Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., 
Tracy Rob!, Vernon Ja., P., C. C, Anderson Ad?, T. 

A Common Council was sumon'd to consider of the sum requisite 
to defray the charges of the several Allegations contain'd in the pe- 
tition prepared for Parliament ; and to concert the necessary meas- 
ures to be taken thereupon : But were not a board as might be ex- 
pected on so extroardinary occasion. However we in a Trustee board 

1. Prepared the draft of our Petition to Parliam* 

2. We debated upon the sum to be ask'd. L4 Sidney was for but 
5000 <£ ; but we told him we ought to ask 10000<£. 

3. We order'd a full board to be sumon'd on fryday to determine 
the sum. 

4. Imprest 500 £ on the Bank 

19 Dec. 14. [Present,] Archer Tho., Archer Hen., Beauclerc L* Sid., Egmont, 
Holland, Lapotre Hen., Shaftsbury, L? Tirconnel, Towers Tho., Tracy Rob!, Ver- 
non Ja., LaRoche J. , P., C. C, Anderson Ad., T. 

A Trustee Board was sumond to consider of the proper sum to 
be voted for the Civil Concerns of the Colony to answer the Allega- 
tions of the Petition prepared : And to concert the proper measures 
for obtaining the same. 

1. Read the draft of our Petition to Parliam* for money, and ap- 
proved it. The purport was for the farther settling the Colony. 

We resolv'd that the sum to be ask'd for should be 7000£ But 
L^Signey Beauclerc the two My Archers, MF Towers & Sf Will. Heath- 
cote stuck hard for asking but 6000X. We suited the sum to the 
several Articles of Expence resolved on ; and desired L4 Tirconnel & 
MF Tracy to wait on Sf Robert Walpole with an abstract of it, and to 
desire he would obtain the Kings consent thereto. 

MF Towers slunk away lest he should be ask'd to go with them, & 
L? Sidney Beauclerc & Mr. LaRoche excused themselves. 

2. MF Vernon took this opportunity being a full board to hint to 
the Gentlemen, the necessity of investing some person in Georgia, with 
greater authority & power, than any one has by the present Constitu- 
tion, in order that the Trustees Orders may be better executed than 
hitherto they have been : He instane'd the light house at Tybee 
being ready to fall, by means of a certain person in the Colony (mean- 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 273 

ing Col. Oglethorpe) who had neglected the repair, & prevented the 
doing it when it might have been done in time & with small cost, 
whereas it now must be rebuilt. This person he said assumed too 
much Authority to himself, expecting no complyance should be given 
to our orders, till confirm'd by his direction. The Trustees had before 
taken out of his hands the fingering the Money, and now Mr Vernon 
thought fit to take from him also any concern in the Civil affairs of 
the Colony. 

3. I ask'd L4 Sidney Beauclerc this day, why S? Robert Walpole 
prevented the enquiry into the state of the Colony last year, so much 
prest by us : he answerd in confidence, that an Enquiry would have 
been follow'd by a vote of Approbation, whereby S? Robert would 
have been ty'd down to maintain the Colony, altho he might think 
it expedient to give it up to the Spaniards upon a Peace. I could 
well trust L4 Sidney for the truth of this, no body knowing S? Roberts 
mind better than he. 

19 December 1740. 1. This day arrived a very sawcy letter from 
four of the S? Andrews Club viz. Tho. Baillie, Will. Sterling, Andrew 
Grant, and David Douglass, vilifying Col. Oglethorpe, and divers of 
the Trustees for not allowing them Negroes : dat. 10 Aug 1740. 

26. Dec. 1740, L? Tirconnel and M? Tracy shew'd our petition to 
Parliamt for money, to S? Robert Walpole, and acquainted him that 
we should want 7000£, over and above the 2000<£ advanced by us 
for the Military service of the Colony, w c ? he had promised to put 
this year into the list of Military services incurr'd not provided for 
by Parliament: so that the whole we counted upon was 9000£ for 
the Civil concerns of the Colony this year, comencing at Lady day 
1741. 

S? Robert made no scruple of the sum, & promised to get the kings 
consent, only advised that we should ask the whole 9000<£ of the 
Parliament, the list of Military contingencies being so loaded that he 
liked better the Parliam^ should give the 2000 £ than that it should 
come out of that List. The gentlemen reply'd, it was all one to them 
which way we got the money. 

35 



274 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

27 Dec. 15. [Present,] Egmont, Lapotre Hen., LaRoche J° , Sbaftsbury, Tracy- 
Rob?, Vernon Ja., P., C. C, Heathcote S! Will., Heatbcote Geo., T. T., U Tir- 
connel, C. 

A Trustee Board was sufnon'd to receive L? Tirconnel and MT Tracy's 
report from S r . Robert, relating to our petition to Parliament : To 
consider of proper persons to present and second the petition, and of 
other necessary measures to be taken this Session of Parliament : And 
also to consider the Answers rec? concerning the Trustees directions 
not being obeyed in Georgia. 

1. U- Tirconnel reported S? Robert Walpole's approval of the sum 
designd to be moved for, and that we should ask for 9000<£ instead 
of 7000£. 

2. We put the Seal to our petition. 

3. A letter from the Rev? M T . Boltzius to Mr Henry Newman dat. 
26 June 1740, rec? yesterday, was read, desiring subsistance, & some 
small sallary for My Thylo Physician at Ebenezar, whose contract for 
residing with the Saltsburgers 3 years was near expiring. 

We not being a Comon Council board, could not make an order 
thereon, but we orderd a letter to Mf Newman, that we would rec- 
oniend it to the Comon Council to agree that a 50 acre lot of land 
should be granted M.T Thylo, together w*. h a servant to be maintain'd 
1 year at the Trustees expence, and to have working tools, with a 
Cow, a calf & hog. 

4. M? Vernon again took notice, how ill our Orders are executed in 
Georgia, by reason of Col. Oglethorpes preventing their execution 
when not by him approved, from whence much disgrace and mischief 
has fallen on the Trustees, & Colony. He instanced in the case of the 
light house, so often order'd by the Trustees to be repaird, which is 
not yet set about, and is now past repair ; whereby an expence of per- 
happs 1500 £ will fall upon the Trustees to rebuild it, whereas had it 
been taken in time it would not cost 200£. 

That from a mistaken conceived duty, that Col. Oglethorpe is first 
to be consulted, before any thing order'd by the Trustees be put in 
execution, tho of the utmost consequence to be dispatch'd, We have 
been long, & are yet deprived of any knowledge of the true state 
of the Colony, tho we wrote to Col. Stephens for it above a year ago : 
which delay has left us unprepared to answer the malicious stories, 
& lies spread of the Colony, and which it was most necessary we 
should be well instructed in at this time that the Utility of the Col- 
ony was intended to be debated in Parliament. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 275 

He therefore recomended to the Gentlemen present, seriously to con- 
sider, whether it were not necessary to vest some person, with a supe- 
riour authority, to act in the Province, than any now there is possest 
of, and to make that person wholly independent of Col. Oglethorpe, 
whose time is so much taken up with the Military concerns of the Col- 
ony, that tis impossible he should conduct the Civil concerns of it. 

That in his opinion a President & Council should be establish'd in 
each division of the Province. That by making 2 Presidents we 
should avoid the constituting one person to govern the whole Prov- 
ince, and so preserve the Colony to our Selves, whereas the appointing 
only One President over the whole, would be in a maner to surrender 
our Charter: for when Once we had establish'd a Govern? whose 
choice must be approved of by the king, we could not again remove 
him at our pleasure, and by our Charter, such Gov? would be obliged 
to obey not only the Trustees Orders, but the Orders also of the Board 
of trade, Our Enemies, who would become our Masters, and without 
regarding the Trustees, and acquainting them, would send over such 
Orders as they pleased, which in a multitude of Cases might clash and 
interfere with Orders sent by the Trustees : So that no Gentleman 
would continue in the Trust to be rival'd, disputed with, and become 
subservient to the board of Trade, who know as little of the Colony, 
as they do of trade. 

That he beleived Col. Stephens would in the judgment of every 
Gentleman be the fittest person for President of the Northern Divi- 
sion, with some handsome sallary to support the dignity : And as for 
the Southern Division, we might compliment Col. Oglethorpe with 
being President. 

He concluded that he would not at this time make the motion for 
so considerable an alteration of the Constitution of the Colony, but 
desired the Gentlemen would turn it in their thoughts. 

All present express'd themselves much pleased w*? 1 his scheme, and 
he was desired to sketch out a Plan, which he promised to do. 

5. Our book entitled An Impartial Enquiry into the State $ Utility 
of the Province of Georgia, being printed, & brought to the Office, 
We agreed that one copy should be presented to the King, the Prince, 
the Duke, and all the Members of the two Houses. 

6. 4*? 1 Jan? 1740 / 1 I went to Court, and by the hands of the D. 
of Marlburow the Lord in waiting, presented his Majesty with our 
Impartial Enquiry &c I gave another to M? Windham to present 



276 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

to the D. of Cumberland, for which the Duke afterwards thank'd me : 
and my son presented another to the Prince. 

7. 5* Jan? 1740/1. I dined with M? Tracy, where L* Sidney 
Beauclerc & MT Tho. Towers were of the Company. We talk'd much 
of Georgia, but M? Towers open'd not his mouth, which was worth 
observing. 

L? Sidney ask'd me, how much we should ask of the Parliament ? 
I answer'd he surprised me with that question, he being present when 
the sum was agreed by us. That had we ask'd for 10000<£, S r Robert 
Walpole would as readily have allow'd it as 9000£. 

He then ask'd who was to present the petition ? I reply 'd it lay 
upon him and the other Trustees who were Members of Parliam* to 
find a proper person, any one might do it, no matter who. 

He then talk'd of opposition that would be made to our having any 
money granted, particularly by L? Gage, & Col. Mordaunt. 

I said no body minded L? Gage, and as to Col. Mordaunt, he would 
do as Sf Rob* Walpole should desire him, and I wish his Lordship, or 
others would tell SF Robert, that the Trustees will think themselves ill 
used by him if he shall suffer him or others in the house to ridicule us 
as he did last year, when we petition'd for money. That we know 
the Colony to be of consequence, and give our selves much trouble for 
the Publick : but if we are to be laugh'd at for our pains, it may tempt 
us to fling up our Trust ; for we cannot but think the Publick is much 
obliged to us, and that we deserve the thanks of the house rather than 
the scorn. That SF Robert need only tell Col. Mordaunt he thinks it 
a serious affair, and Col. Mordaunt would make no joaks: moreover 
how odd must it appear to the world, for S? Robert to declare his 
Majesties recomendation to the house to grant the Trustees money, to 
support a thing w c . h S? Roberts known Creatures are by him suffer'd to 
make a jest of. That should this be again the case, I would find some 
Member who should move to know the sense of the house whether 
Georgia shall be supported or not, which as things stand, will cer- 
tainly be voted, and that would not please ST Robert, who would 
thereby be prevented from giving up the Colony to the Spaniards upon 
articles of Peace with them. 

29 Dec. 1740. 1. M? Bolzius wrote to W. Verelts that a corn mill 
was finish'd at Ebenezer Mill river (formerly call'd Abercorn creek, 
able to grind 10 bushels of Indian corn in one day & night, if the 
freshes in Savanah River be not too high or too low. 



1740.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 211 

2. That if they had money they would erect a Stamping Mill for 
making Rice merchantable. 

3. That the Saltsburgers crop was not so much this year as the 
former, the people being employd in the Mill & other necessary 
buildings, yet came out 2423 bushels of corn, 261 of pease, & 553 
of Rice, and 385 of potatoes : but sufficient for the peoples sustenance 
& to spare. 

29 Dec. 1740 4. M? Bolzius wrote to MF Newman, that his whole 
Congregation consisted of 64 families, containing 117 grown people, & 
72 big & small children, that at the close of this year, 1. man, 1 big 
girl, & 5 small children died, and 3 men at Augustine. 12 children 
were christen'd, and 7 couple marry'd. That there were 21 persons 
in his Orphan house. 

5. That Hen. Bishop being marry'd & gone to settle on his lot, they 
were in want of an English Schoolmaster. 

30 Dec. 1740 6. M? Francis Moore wrote to me as also to the 
Trustees, that he had granted a Distraint before Verdict was given, 
and excused the same on Ace* of his ignorance. 

7. That in August last, he resign'd his Office of Recorder of Fred- 
erica. 

30 Dec. 1740 M? J? Pye Recorder at Savannah wrote to the 
Trustees, 

1. To be paid his Sallary from the time he officiated on the Sus- 
pension of My Tho. Christie. 

2. That he might be paid the allowance for keeping a Clerk, althS 
he indeed kept none, doing the business himself. 

3. That the Trustees would inform him what is the duty of his 
Office, for Some thought he could not act as a Magistrate, which if 
true, then M? Parker & MF Jones could do as they pleased, there be- 
ing only one person to oppose them, namely M? J? Fallowfeild. 

4. That sometimes he is told there he must keep a servant : But 
he saw no occasion for it, having no more land to cultivate than M? 
Jones, who tho a Bailif has no land. 

31 Dec. 1740. 1. M? Tho. Christie told our Accomp* that a L? of 
the Board of Trade inform'd him, the Ministry would have settled 
the limits of the kings Colonies in America to the southward at Port 



278 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

Royal in Carolina, and relinquish' d Georgia as not belonging to Great 
Britain, had not the Trustees interposed 2 years ago. 

2. That had he been consulted in drawing up our Impartial En- 
qury &c he would have added strength to the Arguments there 
made use of for supporting the Colony. 

3. That it were to be wish'd more persons of Col. Stephens ability, 
temper, and excellent character were in y e Colony. 

4. That young Stephens had been with him to desire him to 
promise to support a scheme of his for promoting the raising silk in 
Georgia : to which he reply'd he could promise nothing till he saw 
the scheme, which the other refused to do, and yet continued to press 
him, at which he admired. 

31 Dec. 1740. Col. Stephens wrote M T . Verelts, 

1. That he had sent a state of the Colony upon Oath of the Free- 
holders in Open Court, with the Publick Seal to it, by M? Peter Cole- 
ton who promis'd to deliver it to the Trustees. 

2. That he often urged repayring the light house, but others would 
not set about it imagining it not in so bad a condition 

3. That Bradleys great house in Savanah had a new foundation but 
Col. Oglethorpe was not determin'd to have a raised roof on it. 

4. That the Town house is also well underpin'd. 

5. That J? Brownfield had quitted the Registership. 

6. That there is great want of a Surveyor, and the allowance too 
small to engage one. 

31 Dec. 1740. 7. In another letter to the same he acknowledges 
the Recp* of 3 Casks of English beer I had presented him. 

1. Jan? 1740/1 8. M? Whitfeild left Georgia for Carolina in or- 
der to embark for England. 

9. And J? Dobel Schoolmaster with him. 

4 Jan? 1740 / 1 1. James Cambell employ'd to read prayers at 
Savanah for want of a Minister. 

2. Same day Col Stephens writes That M T - Tho. Jones complains 
that Col. Oglethorpe frowns upon him for disputing M T - Hawkins un- 
reasonable accounts. 

3. That the Malecontents at Savanah are preparing an insolent 
petition to the Parliam* ag 8 .* the Trustees. 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 279 

4. 5 Jan y 1740 / 1. That M 1 . Norris leads an idle life at Fred- 
erica, neglecting entirely his duty. 

5. 6 Jan? That Duche" had surrended his Warrant to be Con- 
stable of Savanah. 

6. 12 Jan? That corn was grown very dear at Savanah, 2 shill g . s 
p bushel. 

7. 15. Jan? That several of the subscribers to the Counter state 
of the Colony desire to be thought newters : and many Inhabitants 
are eager to plant Vines. 

8. 16 Jan. That M 1 - Whitfeild was bound over by the Ch. jus- 
tice of S. Carolina for being the Corrector of a printed Methodist 
libel on the Clergy. 

9. Cap* Patrick Mackay marry'd to the late M r . Montagut a store- 
keeper widow. 

10. 23 Jan. Stores order'd by Col. Oglethorpe to be constantly 
provided at Savanah tho the Trustees had long since order'd there 
should be none. 

11. A severe winter at New York makes the run-away wives wish 
themselves again at Savannah. 

12. 24 Jany Several persons preparing to leave Frederica as not 
liking the place viz. M? Norris, M r Bowler a Surgeon, and M? Loggie 
a very good Pilot to whom Col. Oglethorpe had given the Comand of 
a Sloop. 

13. 27 Jan. That the Winter has been uncomonly severe over all 
North America. 

3 fugitives to New York return'd to Savanah, & will be followd by 
more 

14. 30 Jan y That the people at Charlestown continue a perfect 
hatred to Georgia and our sola bills a perfect drug there. 

15. 31 Jan y That the Scots Malecontents in Charlestown are pub- 
lishing a pamphlet ag 3t the Trustees & Col. Oglethorpe entitled a true 
and historical Narrative of the Colony of Georgia. 

4 Jan. 1740 / 1 MT Bolzius wrote to MF Verelts to the following 
purports 

1. That the Saltsburgers are 195 souls. 

2. That M? Verelts letter to him of 17 Dec. last. (NB. I doubt he 
mistakes the month) informing him of the Trustees design to send 50 
more of his Countrymen was arrived, and blessing God and the Trus- 
tees for their happy condition. 

NB. this arrived 2. Oct. 1741 



280 TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. [January, 

5 Jan7 1740 / 1. This day I had a long conversation with M T . Tho. 
Stephens concerning the Colony, and found him as inveterate against 
the Trustees conduct, the Magistrates, & Col. Oglethorpe, as obstinate 
in his own Notions as ever, and resolv'd to make a push at us in Par- 
liament if he can obtain an enquiry into our Conduct. 

1. He said all the people of Savanah were gone away, except about 
50. 

I reply'd his father wrote otherwise, and that so late as October 
last, there were 50 Freeholders under Arms at a quarter of an hours 
warning, besides those employ'd at the Orphan house 10 miles off, 
and besides Widows, Minors, &c. And that there were then 200 per- 
sons capable to bear Arms. That upon our Order that the Freeholders 
should lay in their Claym to their lands, 70 of them did it in One day, 
and more than that number did it in the following days. 

He reply'd they came from Carolina to do it, and then return' d. 

2. He told me Sana! Mercer a great Improver was going away. 
I reply'd we had no such Account. 

3. He said the Scotch were gone away undone, by not being allow'd 
Negroes. 

I answer'd, that was not the reason of their going : for after our 
answer to their Representation wherein we refused to let them have 
Negroes, they would have stayd if they were allow'd to settle on Wil- 
mington Island which they desired our permission for. Accordingly 
we granted it, but 5 days after they had received it, they for fear of 
the Spaniards fled the Colony. 

He reply'd our permission came too late, for in dispair, they had 
fixt their resolution to go before they received it. 

4. He said those Scotch had been great Improvers of land at first, 
and only quitted, when they found the expence of white servants was 
not answer'd by their produce. 

I reply'd there were but 3 of them who attempted to cultivate, Wil- 
liam & his brother Hugh Sterling, and Andrew Grant, and they stayd 
but 2 years on their land. That they had not patience to stay be- 
cause their Crops were injured by the bad season, which affected all 
America. 

5. He said the dissappointment had not been so prejudicial to them 
if they had used negroes, but the dearness of white servants undid 
them. 

I answer'd, if they were undone it was their own fault, not by em- 
ploying white servants, whom they let out for hire at 25 shill g . s a week 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 281 

(which was more than their charge on them) and might out of their 
earnings saved enough to engage more servants when the time for 
which these were hired by them expired : but instead of that, they 
squanderd their money away in Balls, nightly Clubs, and Free-Masons 
Feasts. That Col. Stephens his Father thank'd God that cursed Crew 
was gone, if it had not been for whom, the Colony would have been 
happy ere now. 

6. He said it ever surpris'd him, why we laid the people under such 
hard restrictive Clauses ? 

I reply'd it was very prudent at first, in order to secure the residence 
of a number of Inhabitants, it being a Frontier Colony : However, 
that we have forgiven all their Forfeitures, given them leave to lease, 
and their daughters to inherit, and they might succeed to lands as far 
as 2000 Acr? Moreover that they may bequeath their lands to whom 
they please if without heirs, so that nothing Jhas been restrain'd from 
them but the selling or morgaging their lands. 

He ask'd if these Indulgences were past in form, and sent ? 

I answer'd they had past the board, and the people were acquainted 
therewith, & they were putting in form. 

He very impertinently shook his head & said they might possibly 
be never sent. 

7. He then said the Colony would come to nothing without Negroes, 
and the people could not possibly maintain themselves without them. 

I answer'd his Father thought otherwise, and we had letters besides 
from private persons (not wrote to us but to their Parents, relations, 
& friends) declaring they could live by their labour. 

He said they were hired to write so to their Friends, and their 
friends were hired to shew us the letters : moreover that there were 
spyes employed in every corner of the streets to practice on such as 
return from the Colony to England, not to tell truth of the bad con- 
dition of the Colony. 

I answer'd this was a heavy aspersion some where, and I beleived 
utterly unjust, because it was no body's Interest to deceive the Trus- 
tees, & I knew the Trustees desired to deceive no Man. On the con- 
trary, one person lately come over, told me a Member of Parliam! had 
encouraged her to speak all the ill shew knew of the Colony. That 
the Trustees have no Interest to use such mean arts to stifle informa- 
tions, having nothing but the Colony's prosperity at heart, and it was 
for their honour it should thrive under their hands. That our Ace! of 

36 



282 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

the Colony came not from idle & corrupt persons but from his own 
Father ; and pray (said I) dont you think he writes us true Acc* s ? 

He reply'd, he certainly writes nothing but what is true, but he 
fear'd to write the whole Truth, least he should incur Col. Oglethorpes 
displeasure, against whom there were several depositions of Tyranny 
& ill practices now in his hands, as would for ever destroy him, but lie 
would not produce them. 

8. He wish'd we would send an honest Man over of character, to 
view the situation of the Colony, and bring us a faithfull Report. 

I answer'd whilst his father was there, there would be no occasion. 

9. He said he had affection for the Colony, and would return if 
things were on a better foot : but his father was in debt there, & he 
should starve. 

I answer'd, his father writes nothing of his being in debt, but re- 
joyces in his happy condition as his letters shew, and goes on improv- 
ing his land chearfully and with good success. 

10. He ask'd me if I did not think L* Horton now here, a sensible 
honest Man ? 

I answer'd yes : and that it was by his advice we so alter'd the 
peoples Tenures, that he confest all reasonable Men would be entirely 
satisfied. I said further, that he acquainted the Board, & me in par- 
ticular, that the Town of Frederica had drawn up a petition against 
the allowance of Negroes, and put the same into his hands upon his 
coming for England to present the Trustees ; but that he return'd it 
to them as un-necessary, bidding them be confident the Trustees would 
never allow them. 

Upon this he with some passion said, this very Man told me the 
Colony would never come to any thing : But (added he) I beg and in- 
sist that you never tell him or any other, that I have said this to you. 

I readily promis'd this, as knowing should L* Horton hear of it, he 
would break his bones. 

11. He then said he beleived that I did not in my conscience think 
the people could raise subsistance for themselves. 

I reply'd perhapps not, but yet they might support themselves by 
means of other produces besides Corn, as by silk, wine & cotton. That 
Robert Potter sold his leaves one year for 5£. 

He said MT Causton engaged him to write so to us by giving him 
40 shillings. 

I reply'd Potter never wrote such account, but I had it from a per- 
son to whom Potter told it. At length I told him there was no talk- 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 283 

ing with a Man who allow'd nothing to be true that I could say, but 
expected to be beleived in every thing he pleas'd to advance, and had 
alway some evasion or positive assertion ready at hand, when pinch'd 
by argument or Facts. 

12. He said he heard we wanted a Clerk to send to his Father, and 
he wish'd we would send his younger brother. 

I reply'd we had already gotten one, but I wonder'd he would send 
his brother to starve in a place where he said he should himself starve. 

13. Then I ask'd him whether he intended to attack us again this 
session as he intended last year, and would do it when we presented 
our petition to Parliam* ? 

He reply'd he should : not with design to accuse the Trustees for 
whom he had great respect, but to put the Colony on a good foot. 

I reply'd if 'tis on a bad foot, it must be imputed to the Trustees, 
and therefore we would not admit of his proffessions of respect to us. 

14. NB. 4 days after he deliverd at the door of the house of Comons 
a very scandalous Libel in print ag st the Trustees. 

15. 7 Jan7 1740 / 1 Lieu* Horton had some conversation with MT 
Tho. Stephens, and exposed to him his folly & vanity in attempting 
to set himself up against the Trustees, whose credit in the World was 
known to be above receiving injury from any thing he could attempt 
to do then. That the Colony was not in the power of the Parliament, 
the Charter being granted to the Trustees & their Heirs for ever, and 
the land being theirs, they might grant it on what terms they pleased. 
He ask'd him whether he had apply'd to any Members of Parliament 
to enquire into the state of the Colony ? He reply'd no, but there 
were Members would do it. Whether any Members had apply'd to 
him ? He said no : in both which answers My Stephens deceived him 
grossly. Mr Horton then advised him to meddle no more in this 
visionary scheme. M? Stephens then told him, He had a desire that 
all his family were settled in Georgia, being low in circumstances : but 
without a few Negroes to clear their land it was impossible. L* Hor- 
ton reply'd, the Trustees could only give them land, but the method 
he had taken to expose them was not the way to obtain Grants ; and 
as to Negroes, he should endeavour to convince them of the necessity 
of having them, not the Parliament. 

16. 9. Jan? 1740 / 1 M? Stephens distributed his printed Libel to 
the Members of the House of Comons, w c . h so anger'd L? Sidney Beau- 



284 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

clerc, that he was for moving to take him into custody of the Serj! at 
Arms, for libelling the Trustees, and if something were not done in it, 
he would quit the Trust ; But Aid. Heathcote said the paper not being 
a Libel on the House, it would not be proper to complain, and if the 
Trustees should make such motion, the house would do nothing in it, 
but leave it to the Trustees to prossecute him at law for scandalizing 
them. It seems the house took no notice of the paper, but it was evi- 
dently calculated to prevent the House's giving us money to carry on 
the Colony. It may be seen in my 4*^ Vol. of letters to Georgia. 

8*. h Jan? 1740 / 1 Hen. Bishop, a Trustee serv! boy maintain 'd at 
Ebenezar to teach the german children English wrote to his father & 
mother in Engl? that he had marry'd a Saltsburg girl, that Col. Ogle- 
thorpe had given him his freedom, and he had taken up land 6 miles 
from Ebenezar upon Abercorn river, where he intended to settle next 
winter. 

12. Jan". 16. [Present,] Ayers Rob', Egmont, Lapotre Hen., LaRoche J?, Shafts- 
bury, Smith Sam., P., Towers Christf, Tracy Rob', Vernon Ja., Ch., C. C, An- 
derson Ad 1 ?, Gough S? Hen., Heathcote Sf Will, T. T. 

A Comon Council Board was sumon'd to consider of presenting our 
petition to Parliam? for money, and to do some Comon Council busi- 
ness, necessary before the departure of a ship which goes next week. 

1. As Trustees, we desired M. T . Smith to procure us a Preacher for 
next Anniversary day. 

2. The Accomp* acquainted the Board, that the Cask of skins re- 
ceived by the Two Brothers Cap! Will. Thompson from M? Tho. 
Jones were sold, & produced 13.12.6 viz. for 58 sound skins weighing 
84 <£ neat, at 2 shill. & 6 pence a pound : and for 33 damaged skins 
weighing 50 pound neat at Is. 3d p pound. 

As Comon Council 

3. Order'd an Index be made to Col. Stephens's journals, and 70 
copies of the journals printed for the use of the Trust, and the Press 
then to be broken. 

4. A Draft of Instructions to Will. Stephens Esq. proposed to be 
President of the North part of the Province, and to 4 Others to be 
his Assistants, being laid before the Comon Council, 

Resolv'd that a Comittee be appointed to digest & prepare said 
Instructions : and that all the Gentlemen present & Tho. Towers & 
Hen. Archer Esq r . s be of the said Comittee. 

5. Resolv'd that it be refer'd to the said Comittee to prepare a let- 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 285 

ter to M! Fallowfeild 2 d Bailif of the Town of Savannah, on his abet- 
ting the Scotch Club. 

6. Resolv'd it be refer'd to the said Comittee to consider what law- 
books will be proper to be sent for the use of the Magistrates in Geor- 
gia, and that in particular, the statutes at large be sent to them. 

7. Read a letter from MF Bolzius & Gronau, desiring the payment 
of 71.17.1 to Mess r . s Norris & Drewet. being the prime cost of Swiss 
linnen issued by M? Causton for the use of the Colony. 

Orderd that the said sum be paid to them. 

NB. Mf Causton had taken the linnens into y e stores tho not belong- 
ing to the Trust, & neither gave the linen to those 2 Ministers, nor 
paid the Merchants. 

8. Order'd that the sum of 25.9.1 for stationary ware be paid. 

9. Order'd that M? Coles bill for making sola bills, amounting 
7.11.6 be paid. 

10. Order'd that a draft be made on the Bank of England for 400 £ 
for paym! of the aforesaid sums and other purposes. & the same was 
sign'd. 

11. Resolv'd that the proportion of land to be cultivated by My Tho. 
Christie be 20 Acres in 10 years. 

12. Resolv'd that the Release of all forfeitures relating to the Ten- 
ure of land or cultivation thereof, shall extend to Christmass 1740. 

13. Resolv'd that the time when the licence for leasing lands shall 
take place be at Lady day 1741. 

14. Resolv'd that Edmund Bushby be appointed Clerk to Will. 
Stephens Esq, and that he be sent over with the next letters. NB. 
his mother would not suffer him to go. 

15. Resolv'd that 500 acres in the southern part of the Province be 
granted to Tho. Price Esq of Whitehall, under the usual limitations 
& conditions. 

16. M*. Phelps attending, in relation to a bill drawn on the Trus- 
tees by Mess r . s Grant and Douglass for 38.6.1, the Ballance of their 
Ace! with the Trust, as drawn out by themselves, was call'd in, & ac- 
quainted that the Ace! so stated should be sent over to the Comission- 
ers in Georgia to be examin'd, and if upon their report any thing 
should appear to be due, it would be paid. 

17. We most of us dined together, and MF Hen. Archer & Mf Tho. 
Towers came. It was observed by all present, that our printed Ace! of 
Georgia in 8°. entitled An Impartial Ace 1 &c which was given about 



286 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

to the Members of both, houses, had disposed many to be friends to 
the Colony, who were not so before 

18. 13. Jan7 1740 / 1. Mr Tho. Stephens came to see me, but I 
would not admit him. He sent up word again, that he was sorry- 
he had displeased me, and desired he might know when I would see 
him, or where he mgiht meet me, for he had something of importance 
to comunicate to me, & it should not take up a quarter of an hour. I 
sent him word again, I neither could see him, nor tell him when I 
would. He only came insidiously to draw things out of me, but his 
insolent attack upon the Trustees in the printed case of Georgia, 
deliver'd by him last fryday at the door of the H. of Comons, gave 
me an absolute distast to him. 

15 Jan7 1740/1. Col. Stephens wrote to Mr Verelts 

1. That he had sent his journal from 28 Nov b . r to that day. 

2. That he could not comprehend what should detain M? Tho. 
Jones so long as from the middle of November to the date of this let- 
ter : and that on 30 Dec b . r he had a letter from him, that he had done 
very little with the Gen! of what he went about, and knew not when 
he should return to Savannah. 

3. That they were at peace again at Savanah. 

4. That several lots at Savanah were either so barren or so over- 
flow'd with water that they were not worth cultivating, but they were 
few, compared with what might been usefully occupied. 

5. That divers of the meanest subscribers to the late Representa- 
tion for Negroes &c reproach'd one another with being asham'd with 
what they had done, and were dubious to be esteem'd neuters. 

6. That if he could come at a knowledge of the contents of the 
Representation, and who sign'd it, it would open a fuller discovery of 
what sort of people this part of the Colony consisted, than any hith- 
erto, and he would write us the character of every individual sub- 
scriber. 

7. That the Inhabitants apply themselves to making Vinyards 
every day more than another, and so outvy, that had they thousands 
of cuttings more than there are they would be made good use of. 

8. That he had prepared a good quantity of Mulberry plants in the 
Publick garden, which he deliverd to those who call'd for them. 

9. That he was firmly persuaded, Georgia would yet, sooner or 
later turn out such productions of its own, as would put all its Adver- 
saries to shame. 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 287 

20 J ant 17. [Present,] Archer Hen., Avers Rob!, Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Ver- 
non Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was suiriond to go into a Comittee to prepare 
Instructions to Will. Stephens Esq as a President and 4 other Assist- 
ants for the better Goverment of the Northern part of Georgia ; and 
the like Instructions for a Presid* & 4 other Assistants for the better 
Goverm* of the Southern part of Georgia ; pursuant to the Reference 
from the Comon Council held 12*. 11 ins* 

1. The Comittee made some progress in the Affair, vt c V I could 
not attend, by reason of my brother S- Philip Parkers sudden death 
this morning. 

21 Jan7 1740 / 1 was the day appointed for presenting our petition 
to Parliament, S? Robert Walpole having promised the Trustees then 
to be down at the house to declare his Majesties consent: But he not 
coming so soon as was expected, so that the house sat near half an 
hour doing nothing, S? Watkin Williams Wynn moved the house to 
adjourn, and S? 1 J? Hynd Cotton seconded him, saying, He perceived 
there was an intention this day to ask for money to support the Col- 
ony of Georgia, But he should be for granting none, for he thought 
the Colony would never be of any advantage to England, tho it had 
been so to private persons. He thought it would be well if Port 
Royal in South Carolina were the most Southern Bound of our Amer- 
ican Plantations. 

M 1 . Edward Hooper then rose, and said he had indeed a petition in 
his hand from the Trustees of Georgia, which he intended to present, 
as soon as his Majesties consent thereto should be declared : that he 
should present it with great pleasure & full conviction of mind that 
the Colony would one day be of exceeding value to England : that it 
was yet too early to say more on that head, he therefore would only 
say at present, that Georgia is a Frontier to Carolina. 

L? Gage reply'd, that he wonder'd any Gentleman should think of 
giving a farthing to Georgia, where there is not a man left, but all 
were gone away to the utter ruin of many who carry'd thither good 
substance, some as far as 2000<£, which money was all lost, the land 
being worth nothing, & not able to raise a potatoe. 

Then M 1 - LaRoche rose and vindicated the honour of the Trustees 
which S? J? Cotton seem'd to strike at, and added, they would not 
give so much of their time in carying on their Trust, but that they 
beleived they were serving their Country in a great and signal man- 



288 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

ner. That their service being without any possibility of the least 
advantage to themselves was an undeniable proof of it. That Gentle- 
men spoke against the Colony, because they were ignorant of its use, 
or would not consider it : That the Trustees desired nothing more 
than that the house would consider its utility. 

Whilst he was speaking S? Robert Walpole enter'd, at which there 
rose a very loud laugh, I presume because he came just at a proper 
time to prevent an adjournment, but I saw no jest in it. 

S? Robert then being call'd on, acquainted the house, that his Maj- 
esty being informed the Trustees of Georgia did design to petition the 
Parliament for a further support, comanded him to let the house 
know that he recommended it to them, to do therein as they should 
think fit. 

Upon this S* Watkyn Williams Wynn & S? J? Cotton being pre- 
vail'd on to wave their motion for adjourning, M? Hooper, after a 
short preface expressing his good opinion of Georgia, presented our 
petition, which M? Horace Walpole seconded, saying it was necessary 
to support the Colony, at least as long as we have War with Spain, it 
being a Frontier to Carolina. 

S? John Cotton reply 'd, that he understood the 4000 £ given last 
year, was all that was ever intended to be given to the Trustees : 
That the Colonies were or ought to be able to support themselves. 
That he was against having any Colony southward of Carolina, and 
should be for calling away the Inhabitants of Georgia, and settling 
them in Carolina, which would strengthen that Province. That he 
heard no body speak of any pecuniary or coniercial advantages, like 
to arise to England from Georgia, & supposed that sort of argument 
was given up, and since the sole advantage by keeping it lay in being 
a Barrier, his Majesty has a Regim! there, and the Parliament had 
even this morning given above 200000£ for Guards & Garisons in 
America. 

M. T - Walpole rose again, and said, they who talk of the Colonies be- 
ing able to support themselves knew little of their state. That the 
late fire in Carolina had almost ruin'd that Province, by the loss of 
250000<£. That before Georgia was settled that whole Tract south- 
ward of Carolina was a wast tract, and lay open to the Spaniards, 
and our now possession of it prevents the Spaniards taking it, 
which were the Spaniards Masters of, he knew not what ill conse- 
quences might have happen'd to Carolina in its present distracted 
condition. 



1740-i.J TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 289 

Mr Hooper rose again & said, that should Georgia be suffer'd to 
fall for want of necessary support from Parliament, the Indian Na- 
tions would all abandon the English Interest, finding they were so far 
from receiving support from the English, that we would not even pre- 
serve our own Dominions : they would therefore engage themselves 
to the Spaniards and French : and by their assistance the French 
would be able to overrun all our other Colonies. Besides, the Har- 
bours of Georgia were of great Importance, which the Spaniards when 
possest of them (as they soon would be if we abandon'd Georgia) 
would be able to destroy great part of our trade. 

MF Sandys then got up, & said he had read & heard most if not all 
that had been wrote & said of the Colony of Georgia, & really did 
not know what to think of it ; but the fitness of supporting or not 
supporting it should be enquired into, which he found the Trustees 
themselves desired. That he should only make one remark at pres- 
ent, namely, that the Trustees had been under a mistake in sending 
so many idle fellows from England to settle there, who would not 
labour here, and the Trustees might be assured would neither labour 
in Georgia. 

MT J? How then rose, and said, he had observed Gentlemen to have 
frequently and suddenly changed their minds & opinions in the house. 
That this was his case as to the present debate. He thought slightly 
of Georgia formerly, but was now of a different mind, & so much so, 
that he hoped we should not only support Georgia while we are at 
War with Spain, but afterwards, & for ever. If it is to be dropt at 
a Peace, it were better drop it now, but he hoped never to see an inch 
of ground belonging to Great Britain, parted with. 

Then S? J? Barnard said, he was always of opinion that Georgia 
should be supported, & was so still, and hoped it would be taken into 
consideration of a Comittee of the whole house, that if any thing in 
the Trustees conduct should be found amiss, the House might rectify 
their mistakes. That he thought there had been mistakes, by which 
much money had been fruitlessly squander'd. That altho the Charter 
was granted without application Of Parliament, yet as the Parliam! 
had contributed the nations money to support it, the Parliam! had a 
right to enquire & settle it on a right bottom. 

After this, the question was put for receiving the Petition, and 
yeilded to without a division, but there were many noes, and many of 
them from the Court side. 

37 



290 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

23. Jan v . 18. [Present,] Ayers KoW, Egmont, Shaftsbury, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

1. The Comittee that met y e 20*? Ins* to prepare Instructions for 
Presidents & Assistants in Georgia, met again this day at MT Ver- 
nons house, and went through the whole. 

24 Jan7 1740 / 1. Col. Oglethorpe wrote to the Trustees that Sam! 
Perkins had resign 'd his Office of 2. Bailif, and he had provisionally 
given it to Mr Thomas Mariot, son of Cap* Mariot who went over 
with him. 

2. That Fra. Moore had resign'd the Recordership. 

3. That My. Tho. Hawkins had also desired to resign his, but he 
wou'd not accept it. 

4. That the best way would be (to quiet factions) by employing 
none that are concerned in personal differences. 

5. The same day He sent over a justification of his conduct, enti- 
tled Some Transactions in Georgia & Florida in the years 1739 & 
1740. 

25 Jan? 1740 / 1. Col. Oglethorpe wrote to me 

1. That he had been long ill of a fever through fatigue & vex- 
ation. 

2. The cause of his miscarriage before Augustine. 

3. His measures since for the protection of the Province. 

4. The very great danger all is in without the Government viger- 
ously supports him, having neither Funds for fortifying, nor pro- 
visions. 

5. That the Inhabitants were unruly, and none will cultivate even 
sufficient for their own subsistance. 

6. That the soldiers will not work, neither the Inhabitants on the 
fortification of Frederica for 12 pence a day, tho it is to make them 
safe. 

7. That he had wrote to the Ministry for assistance, and if they 
would allow him 2 troops of Rangers, Presents to keep 4 or 500 In- 
dians in action (which he finds by experience will cost 10<£ p ann a 
head : 100 men with armed boats & sloops to act by water : Provi- 
sions for a year constantly kept for the Regiment : and a fund to for- 
tify Frederica according to his Plan, he would defend the Province 
against all the Spanish force in America. 

8. That he hinder'd no Inhabitant from going away who satisfyed 
the debts he owed. 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 291 

26 Jan7 1740/1. 9. Col. Oglethorpe wrote MF Vernon that the 
Inhabitants were become vile, disorderly, idle and shockingly rude & 
slanderous to him & the Trustees, and a diabolical spirit reign'd 
among them. 

10. That Many were gone, and if two more should play the treach- 
erous part young Stephens had done, he doubted whether the Colony 
would recover. 

11. That the Trust servants had been often employ'd on the forti- 
fications, which should be posted to our Ace! And if the king payd 
for them, we should be reimbursed. 

12. That he had put the Inhabitants of Savanah into a condition to 
raise or buy their own provision. 

12. That if the people had more sense or were less stubborn, tbe 
Improvments of silk and wine would be certain, but they had such 
an oddness of spirit, that the first thing a Man dos, is to throw up 
his Improvments in disgust. 

13. That the Carolina people wish the destruction of our Colony, & 
will hear of no agreement at all, relating to the Indian trade. 

26 Jan y . 19 [Present,] Archer Hen., Archer The-., Digby Edw?, Egmont, Lapotre 
Hen., LaRoche J°, Smith Sana}, Ch., L* Tirconnel, P., Towers Tho., Tracy Rob!, 
Vernon Ja., C. C, Heathcote Geo., Gough S! Hen., T. T. 

A Comon Council and Trusteeboard was sunion'd to settle an Ace*, 
of the progress of the Colony from its first erection, pursuant to a mo- 
tion or petition expected to be moved in the house of Coitions for that 
purpose. 

As Trustees we order'd an Ace* of the Progress of the Colony 

1. Should be prepared by the Secretary M? Martin ; 
And as Comon Council, 

2. That a Map of the Province should be printed, representing from 
Port Royal in Carolina to S* Augustine in Florida inclusive, and de- 
scribing the settlements, Forts, Ports & Harbours & soundings. 

NB. the occasion of this resolution to draw up a narrative of the 
Progress of the Colony from the first erecting it, was our knowledge 
of M? Carew (Member for Mihhead) his design to move the house 
to enquire into the state of the Colony. This Gentleman had been 
prejudiced by M 1 . Tho. Stephens ag^the management of the Trustees, 
but is otherwise of a fair character, when in his wits, for in sunier 
time he is mad & locks him self up for fear of meeting the Devil. 
He acquainted some of our board with his design to have the state of 



292 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

the Colony enquired into, which they approved, only desired his mo- 
tion might be not for a state of the Colony to be laid Before the house, 
but of the progress thereof, because we had not for a considerable 
time past receivd any Ace*? from thence & consequently could not 
give the House any just lights as to the condition of the Colony at 
present: but we were always ready & in a condition to shew the 
progress we had made in settling it. Upon this he agreed to drop his 
design of presenting a petition from M? Tho. Stephens to be heard at 
the Bar ag 8 .* the Trustees management, as also to move for a state of 
y e Colony : and promised to move for an Account of the progress 
which MT Hen. Archer would Second. 

3. Alderman Heathcote acquainted the board that S? J? Barnard 
is a friend to the Colony, & thinks honourably of the Trustees, but 
objects to the streightness of the peoples Tenures. 

4. And M? Hen. Archer told us W Sandys said to him, that the 
arguments used by us in our printed Impartial Enquiry &c against 
Negroes, only confirm'd him that they are necessary. He afterwards 
changed his opinion. 

1. When I return'd home, My son told me he met L? Gage in the 
Coffee house that morning, and in the hearing of many, told him, that 
if he had been a Trustee, and had heard that any man had spoke 
against them, as his Lordship had done in the house, he would search 
him out in all the corners of the World, and by G — make him re- 
pent it ; and how (added he) came you to say, there is not a man left 
in the Colony ? 

My Lord reply'd, he had a great respect for the Trustees and 
thought them worthy Gentlemen, and he blamed ST John Cotton for 
what he had insinuated ag s * them in the house : and as to the desertion 
of the Colony, he did not mean that every soul was gone, but that most 
were gone : perhapps there might be 150 fighting Men still remaining. 
Well (said my son have they not wives & children ? 

He also ask'd Mr Tho. Stephens (whom he saw in close whisper 
with L? Gage when he enter'd the Coffee house) whether he had about 
him the Case of Greorgia which he gave about last week to the Mem- 
bers ? Stephens reply'd he had, & gave my son one, which he read 
aloud (several standing by) and then demanded of the Company 
whether it was not a scandalous Libel on the Trustees ? A Lawyer 
present, said it was. Then addressing himself to Stephens he ask'd 
him, how he came to treat a set of Gentlemen of great Integrity & of 
the best fortunes, in such a manner ? he who was himself a little ob- 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 293 

scure fellow ? And how he could advance things against their conduct 
of the Colony, which his own father (who has the chief power there, 
in all his letters approves ? 

Stephens reply'd, Every man had a right to support his property : 
he meant no reflection on the Trustees : His father had an Office which 
he fear'd to lose if he wrote the whole truth, but he had letters in 
his pocket that shew'd he was at the bottom of the same opinion with 
himself, which he would produce to the house. 

Then (said my son) you make your father a Vilain or yourself a 
very bad son, for by producing such proof, which I dont beleive you 
have, you will certainly occasion your fathers loss of his Employment. 
I know excuse (added he) to make for you, but that you are young, 
& have too great conceipt of your self. 

I'me glad (reply'd Stephens) your Lordship can find any excuse for 
me. 

Your chief aim (said my son) is to introduce Negroes, but tis dem- 
onstrable that is a thing not to be ventured : You say that without 
them no exportable Coniodities can be raised : why none ought to be 
expected yet : Georgia is a frontier Province, and not to be consider'd 
yet a while as a Region profitable in a conlercial way, but as a garri- 
son for defence, and the Inhabitants as soldiers with arms in their 
hands, not spades. But when render'd secure, Then is the time for 
them to apply themselves to such produces as may be of benefit to 
England. 

Stephens then said, there were not 200 fighting Men in the Colony. 
My son reply'd, their wives & children must then in the whole make 
up a considerable number : & he was sure there were 1000 souls. 

Stephens said the Trustees had sent above 1500, but 500 were 
gone, and of late years none had gone over on their own Accounts, so 
that in a little time the Colony must dwindle to nothing. 

My son reply'd, no wonder none went on their own Accounts, while 
such as he traduced the Colony and the Trustees in the manner he 
did. 

26 Jan7 1740/1 1. W. Tho. Hawkins wrote to our Secret? that 
J? Holmes Macintosh of Darien was gone to settle in Carolina. 
(2.) That J? Levally jun? & family, 
Will. Addison & family, 
Andrew Michel & Family 
& Jacob Faulcon & son were gone from Frederica. 



294 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

(3.) That the people in general decline all manner of Improvment, 
and were become from an industrious set, the most malicious, idle, & 
disorderly imaginable ; insulters of those in authority, and were en- 
couraged by those who eat the Trustees bread. 

(4.) That MT Jones makes absurd scrutinies into just accounts and 
denys payment of the very sallaries order'd in the Estimate for the 
year past, notwithstanding proper certificates are produced ; reserving 
the money for traffick at an imoderate profit. 

(5.) He desires to deliver up his Office if not paid his just demands, 
if the payment is so uncertain, and the Office attended with so many 
abuses: and tho his Improvments are superiour to any others must 
leave them unless the payment be made him. 

(6.) He complains of bad retaliation for 5 years service. 

2. The same day he wrote over an Apeal to the Trustees ag 8 .' M T . 
Sam! Perkins 2? Bailif & MF Fra. Moore Recorder of Frederica con- 
cerning the distraining his Goods for a debt claim'd by One William 
Allen value 8 shill g . s & 6 pence. 

3. The same day Col. Oglethorpe sent the Trustees an Apology of 
his Transactions in Georgia intitled — Some Transactions in Georgia 
& Florida in the years 1739 & 1740. 

4. The same day Patrick Howstown wrote to MF Verelts from 
Frederica, 

(1.) That he was settled on the lot of Cap! Dunbars Sister, whom 
he had marryed. 

(2.) That promises made in his behalf had not been kept. 

(3.) That he never joyn'd with the discontented Party, yet he was 
neglected, whilst those who demerited were encouraged. 

5. The same day J? Calwell 3? Bailif of Frederica wrote to the 
Trustees, desiring to be paid for his services from the time of his ar- 
rival in Georgia in feb? 1735 / 6 to the year 1739. 

NB. these letters of the 24. 25. & 26 Jan7 arrived the W April 
1741. 

27 Jan? 1740 / 1 I went to the Georgia Office to give some direc- 
tions about engraving the Map of Georgia, and meeting there with 
L! Horton, I related to him what past yesterday between my son & 
M?j Tho. Stephens ; He said 

1. MF Stephens represented the Inhabitants too few, for they were 
at least 1200. 

2. That as to the peoples not being able to support themselves 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 295 

without Negroes, If they had apply'd themselves to plant Mulberry 
trees, and other cultivation, when they first went over, they might be- 
fore now have been able to support themselves, as some now do at 
Amelia, and one soldier of the Regiment had made 20 £ in one year 
from one Acre of his land. 

3. That the land about Frederica, tho not better than that in the 
Northern district, would if near London, set for 6 or 7£ p acre. 

4. That Cotton grew every where, and he had seen very fine stock- 
ings made there. 

5. That he saw Apple trees that in 3 years shot as high as the room 
(we sat in), and peach trees blossom'd the 2? year. 

6. 28 Jan? 1740/1 This day M? Tho. Carew (not keeping his 
promise of moving for the progress of the Colony) made his motion in 
the Comittee of supply, that the Trustees should lay before them a 
State of the Colony, but no body seconded him. 

Whereupon MT Hooper rose & moved that 10000£ might be 
granted for the further support of the Colony, and very properly 
spoke on the occasion. He was seconded by MT Horace Walpole. 

Upon this ST J? Barnard rose, & said he was not against giving 
money, but he thought it the more regular way to examine first the 
State and Utility of the Colony, and then to give the money that 
should be found necessary. 

Then MF LaRoche said, the Trustees were very desirous that their 
management and the progress of the Colony should be enquired into, 
but that the state of the Colony was a different thing, which the Trus- 
tees were not at this time well able to shew, for want of the Acct they 
had wrote for. He added some reasons why they had hitherto refused 
Negroes to the people. 

M? Sloper spoke next and said, he was so much for an enquiry into 
the progress of the Colony, that if it had not been moved for by oth- 
ers, he would himself have moved for it, being well assured the Trus- 
tees were able to justify themselves. 

Alderman Heathcote said he was still a Trustee, tho not in the 
management, his health & other business obliging him to quit it : but 
he would venture to affirm the Trustees had conducted themselves with 
the greatest Integrity & prudence. 

L? Baltemore spoke to the same effect. 

L? Limerick said he was for enquiring first, before the money should 
be given. 



296 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

MF Digby said he was very indifferent which went first : that the 
Trustees were able to justify themselves : That last year they prest 
an Enquiry, which was not allow'd, and the reason why they were 
not the first this year to move it, was that the Evidences who then 
could speak to the Colony, and especially to its harbours, are not now 
in England ; However it was possible they might still find some, who 
might give proper Evidence. 

MF Hen. Archer took this oportunity to tell the Comittee that One 
objection to the Trustees management was the matter & conditions of 
the Tenures, by which the people held their lands : That he had not 
the honour to be a Trustee when the first conditions of Tenure were 
granted, so would not enter into the justification of them, th6 he 
doubted not they would be justifyed by other gentlemen who were at 
the framing them, But they had since been enlarged ; and he beleived 
upcn Enquiry, which the Trustees desired, The House would ap- 
prove their proceedings. 

Then Mf Sandys deliverd his opinion to examine before money was 
granted. 

But Mf Horace Walpole said, that as matters stand, it were better 
first to grant the money ; for since the motion had been made for 
money, should it be put off upon any Account, the Spaniards might 
interpret it as a slackness in the Parliam* to support the Colony. 
When the money was granted, they might then enquire into the Util- 
ity of the Colony & the progress made in settling it. 

Mf Gibbons then said he only spoke to order, & was first for enquir- 
ing. 

MF Jos. Danvers answer'd, that it was proper to give the money 
now, and if on enquiry the house should find they had given too much, 
they might give the less another time ; if too little, they might then 
give more. 

SF John Cotton said, the true state of the question was, whether 
money should be given or not, but if money was to be given, surely it 
was fit the house should know the grounds for giving it 

MF Sloper answer'd him but I could not distinguish his words. 

Then the question was call'd for, and being put to the vote, viz. 
that 10000 £ should be granted, there was a loud cry for the Ayes, 
But MF Vane the chairman (a great Enemy to the Colony) maliciously 
declared the Noes had it : 

This obliged one of the Trustees to say the Ayes had it and to di- 
vide the house, and it appear'd on the Division that 115 were for 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 297 

giving the money now, and but 75 for deferring it till after an En- 
quiry. 

On this occasion all the Trustees in the house as well M r . Sandys, 
S? J? Barnard & MF Gibbons voted for the question. 

Then My Carew moved that the state of the Colony from the begin- 
ning might be laid before the house : 

But M? LaRoche repeating his desii'e that only the Progress of the 
Colony should be desired, for which he shew'd his reasons, M? Carew 
acquiesced, and MF LaRoche made the motion his own way, which 
being seconded past without a division. 

Then L4 Gage, to make sport of the Colony, moved that the Com- 
missioners of the Customs should lay before the house, the quantity 
of Raw silk imported from Georgia for 8 years past, distinguishing 
each year, which was so far from being seconded, that the whole house 
set up a laugh, the Speaker the first of them. 

28 Jan7 1740/1. 1. This day one Cook a serv* of Patrick Tail- 
fer (w°. h Tailfer ran from Georgia 31 of Aug s * last) wrote a peny post 
letter to M- Verelst, that he would sell his 20 acre lot (to which ser- 
vants out of their time are entitled) to the Trustees for 40 shill g . 3 oth- 
erwise he would advertise it for sale at that price. It was a merry 
letter, for he wrote, that the only fault he was guilty of, was getting 
his Masters maid with child. 

I told MT Verelts, that the fellow should shew whether he ever took 
up his Grant : and that it seem'd to me, he had been put upon this 
by M T . Tho. Stephens, to run down the value of the land in Georgia, 
and to publish to the World that men will not remain in the Colony, 
longer than obliged thereto. 

2. M T . Verelts also said, that M? Stephens was about buying the 
Widow Fage's lot at Highgate, in order to have a property in the 
Colony, before his Fathers death, being suddenly become sensible that 
he should petition to be heard against the Trustees with a very ill 
grace, if he had no property. 

I said this might be turn'd upon him, & he might be ask'd why he 
would purchasse land in Georgia, after representing it in so deplorable 
circumstances. 



298 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

30. Jan? 20. [Present,] Egmont, P., Lapotre Hen., LaRoche J?, Smith Sam., Tow- 
ers Tho., Tracy Rob?, Vernon Ja., C. C, Heathcote Sf Will., T. 

A Trustee Board was sumon'd, to consider of the Ace* intended to 
be said before the House of Comons of the Progress of the Colony 
from its first establishment : & for other business. 

1. Read an order of the H. of Comons dat. 28. Jan? that the Trus- 
tees of Georgia in America lay before the House an Ace* shewing 
the Progress of the Colony from its first establishment. 

2. We went through the Plan of the Ace* and directed a board for 
monday to review it. 

3. This day the Strasburg Germans came to me, who were well 
pleas'd to hear the Parliament had given 1000<£ (part of the 1000<£) 
for carrying over 100 heads of them. 

I recomended to them to bring over as many as they could of the 
number whose wives understood the spinning silk. 

They are to have, for all who are above 12 years old 2.10.0 allow- 
ance for subsistance the 1. year, and for all who are under that age 
1.5.0. And we are to take them up at Rotterdam to send them to 
Georgia. 50 of them will remain in the Colony, but the other 50 I 
apprehend will go to Carolina tho we must endeavour to keep them all, 
some gentlemen of our board scrupling the suffering any to go to Car- 
olina, because the Money given by Parliam* is only for the Colony of 
Georgia, & they esteem the going of any out of our Province to be a 
misapplication of the publick money. Tho it is certain ST Robert 
Walpole in putting the Trustees to ask this year for 10000 £ meant 
that 50 of these 100 should go to Carolina. 

I told them they probably would be joyn'd with the Saltsburgers 
at Ebenezar who are Lutherans : whereas they are Calvinists, where- 
fore I ask'd them if they would agree together ? 

They answer'd the Lutherans comunicate with a wafer that has the 
sign of a cross on it, but they with bread : however if the Minister be 
a good Man, they beleived they should agree well. 

They desired they might have leave to sell their lands if they 
thought proper ; I answer'd that is not allow'd, but they might lease 
it : that they would be as much indulged as the English subjects are, 
and they could desire no more. 

They exprest much satisfaction, & said all the people would pray 
for us. 

They desired a letter from L? Harrington to the Magistrates in 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 299 

Germany, to shew that the people will be under his Majesties protec- 
tion, & free men, for otherwise they should not get leave to depart 
the Country, it being reported in Germany that when they arrive in 
Carolina or Georgia that they are made slaves of. 
I promised they should have his Lordships letter. 

2. Feb v 21. [Present,] Archer Hen., Archer The-., Ayers Rob?, Ch., Digby Edw d , 
P., Egmont, Lapotre Hen., LaKoche J°, Shaftsbury, Towers Tho., Smith Sam!, 
Tracy Rob', Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson Ad™, Heathcote ST Will., T. T. 

A Comon Council and Trustee board was sumon'd to proceed on 
the Ace! of the progress of the Colony to be laid before the Parlia- 
ment, and for other business. 

1. The Account of the Application of the Residue of the sum of 
20000<£ granted by Parliam? in the year 1739 having been laid before 
the house of Comons, wherein the charges of improving the Colony 
by providing for the reception of the Regiment sent for its defence, 
consisting of boat hire, building hutts and other expences on that occa- 
sion were taken Credit for, and of which the sum of 429.8.2 claim'd 
by L! Col. Cochran, and the sum of 69.11.0 claim'd by Cap* Horton 
are part : 

Resolv'd that the sum be now payd. 

2. Read a petition of Ri. Lawley for 15.6.6 due to him for the fol- 
lowing services, viz. For the use of his boat when an Invasion was 
apprehended from the Spaniards, in order to carry provisions to 
Amelia, and likewise for goods deliver'd by him into the Trustees 
store, which Cap* Horton certified, and which he acquainted the 
Comon Council was demanded of Gen! Oglethorpe by the said Ri. 
Lawley, and the Gen! had no objection to the Articles : but the sum 
being for expences before his last arrival in the Province he refer'd 
the said Lawley to the Trustees for payment. 

Order'd that the said sum of 15.6.6 be paid the Petitioner. 

NB. this Lawley went over with Iron ware to sell at Frederica, 
and became a freeholder there, but making exorbitant prices, and 
being undersold by others, he quitted his trade, and became Patron 
of a boat. He left Georgia in April 1740, and after some stay in 
other parts of America, arrived in England about 2 months ago, and 
enter'd the horse guards. He was to have been a wittness against 
the Trustees conduct of the Colony in case the Parliam*. had enquired 
into the state of it. 

3. We order'd an Impress of 514.5.8 to ST Jos. Hankey to pay the 
3 demands above mentioned, & sign'd the same. 



300 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

4. After this we went into a Trustee board, & spent both morning 
& evening in preparing our Narrative to Parliam* 

5. I acquainted the Gentlemen with what past between the Ger- 
mans & me the 30*. h of last month, that they had petitiond his Maj- 
esty for a sum to carry over 50 heads of the Counti'ymen to Georgia, 
& 50 to Carolina. That S? Rob' Walpole upon his Majesties consent 
thereto had put us upon asking for 1000<£ more than we design'd. 
That their 2 Agents had been 11 weeks here, owed 15 guineas, and 
had not a farthing. That the discharging this, with their passage to 
Germany to bring down the 100 heads, might amount in all to 30.£. 
That they promised the wives & children of them should be such as 
understood the winding of silk, and the Men such as had served in 
Armies. 

The Gentlemen said the Parliam! money was given for Georgia 
only, wherefore they could not pay for 50 heads to go to Carolina, but 
if they would go all to Georgia, they should gladly send them to joyn 
the Ebenezar people. M? Verelts was therefore order'd to persuade 
them to go all to Georgia, and frame their petition to us accordingly. 

2. Feb? 1740 / 1. This day W. Geo. Whitfeild wrote to the Trus- 
tees, from on board the Minerva in his passage to England, that he 
had rec? our letter of June ll 4 ? 1 and our orders to the Magistrates of 
Savannah relating to his Orphan house, which had it not been erected, 
there would by this time scarce an Inhabitant be left in Savannah. 

2. He desired that he and his Executors might have power to nom- 
inate their successors for ever, which he said was the least we could 
do after his laying out so many thousand pounds. 

3. That all he proposed by setting up a cotton manufactury was to 
weave cloth only for their own use. 

4. That there was no likelyhood the silk manufactury will ever 
come to any thing. 

5. He fear'd, as many do, that we are misinformed about the af- 
fairs of poor deserted Georgia. 

6. That he had resign'd the Parsonage of Savanah. 

7. That he had dropt all intention of assisting further in building the 
church and given the money remaining in his hands to Col. Stephens. 

8. That he was coming over for a few months, & should return 
again to America. 

9. That Georgia will never floui'ish till establish'd by Religious 
people. 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 301 

6 Feb? 1740 / 1 Rich? Lawley mention'd p. [299], gave me the fol- 
lowing bad account of the Colony : 

1. That every one of the Jews were gone, and that Industrious 
Man Abr™ Delyon, on whom were founded all our expectations for 
cultivating vines & making wine. 

I ask'd him the reason : he reply'd, want of Negroes, which cost 
but 6 pence a week to keep, whereas his white servants cost him more 
than he was able to afford ; moreover the money the Trustees order'd 
to be lent him, was paid him by driblets 5 or 10£ at a time, which 
did him no service. 

2. That in Savanah but 42 Freeholders were left, 16 of whom live 
in houses & 26 only in butts ; and the whole number of Souls men 
women and children are not above one hundred. 

3. That in Frederica but 34 Freeholders are left. 

4. That the people gone away were really industrious, The Scotch 
excepted in and near Savannah, who spent their substance extrava- 
gantly, and lived on their servants labour till their time expired. 

5. That the industrious went away because they found that with- 
out Negroes they could not subsist. 

6. That he had cultivated as much as any one, but for 2 years had 
not a grain of corn in return. 

7. That at Daiuen there are about 40 Freeholders and 80 Souls. 

8. That every one is sensible of the Want of Negroes : & Freder- 
ica tho at first they by the importunity of L! 1 Horton declined joyn- 
ing in a representation to be allow'd them, yet they afterwards gave 
him a petion to be allow'd them, which he refused to accept. 

NB. this is quite the reverse of what he told the Trustees. 

9. That there were several fine Plantations on the back of Savan- 
nah town, but they are all deserted. 

10. That many of the 45 acre lotts belonging to the Town and 
most of the 5 acre lotts had been entirely clear'd & cultivated, but are 
deserted. 

11. That the people in general are reduced to great poverty^ 

12. That he beleived Edw? Jenkins did not run away for fear of 
the Spaniards, but because the Scotch Club who frequented his house 
ivent away much in his debt, and having debts of his own which he 
could not pay, he was obliged to follow them. 

13. That MT Whitfeild carry'd the Moravians who were settled in 
Savanah, to his Orphan house, and then lead them to Pensilvanea. 

14. That the Purysburgers (who have Negroes) are in a very flour- 
ishing way. 



302 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

15. That Ja. Burnside was selling off his Cattel, and going to Car- 
olina. 

16. That Patrick Houston had laid much money out on his land, 
but it did not answer. 

17. That our Act against Rum hinders not its being drunk in every 
corner of the Town of Savanah, but at the same makes it so dear, that 
other Provinces cannot have it in exchange for their comodities ; and 
the want of Negroes to fell & cut their timber, makes their lumber 
come so dear that the Islands will not take it off the Inhabitants 
hands : so that having nothing to truck with, all trade is stopt, and 
the people reduced to beggary, & discouraged from labour. 

18. That if Negroes were allow'd the Colony would people apace, 
for tis very healthy & pays no taxes, so that Planters would bring 
their Negroes from all quarters, & take up land & cultivate. 

I said the 50 acre lots would be destroyed, for no Merchant would 
lend a Negroe on the poor Security of 50 Acres : He answer'd the 
Owners of 50 acre lots might become Overseers of the others Planta- 
tions : and besides, poor white Men would find Employment where 
there are numbers of rich planters. 

I Reply'd the Negroes would be always running to the Spaniards, 
since they were assured of being made free & protected : he said the 
Regiment might guard the River & prevent it. 

19. That the light house is past repair, having no covering, & the 
joynts rotted away. 

7. Feb v . 22. [Present,] Archer Hen., Digby Edw?, Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Sloper 
Wil., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Tracy Rob', Vernon Ja., P., C. C, Heathcote 
Sr Will., T. T. 

A Trustee board was again sumon'd to consider and settle the 
Progress of the Colony to be laid before Parliam? and for other busi- 
ness. 

1. Read an Ace! of the progress of the Colony, & order'd it to be 
read again next Wednesday. 

2. Order'd that a letter be wrote to M. T - Hen. Newman, desiring 
him to acquaint the society for promoting Christian knowledge, that 
the Trustees propose to make an embarkation of 50 Saltsburgers upon 
the Societies paying the passage of them to Rotterdam, that he ac- 
quaint M? Urlesperger of Augsburg thereof, and that they are to be 
at Rotterdam in July next. 

3. M r - Smith acquainted the Board that Archdeacon Bate man 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 303 

Minister of S* Dunstans in the East had been engaged by him to 
preach our Anniversary Sermon. We desired him to return our 
thanks to the Archdeacon. 

4. We Imprest 300 £ to pay sola bills return'd. 

11. Feb? 23. [Present,] Ayers Rob', P., Archer Tho. F Archer Hen., Digby Edw?, 
Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Sloper Will., L? Tirconnel, Towers Tho., Tracy Rob!, 
Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson Ad", Heathcote Geo., T. T. 

A Trustee Board was sum on 'd to settle & approve of the Ace* pre- 
pared for the Parliament of the Progress of the Colony, from its first 
establishment. 

1. Read again the above mentioned Ace* 

2. MT Vernon reported that a copy of the letter dat. 7*? 1 ins* sent 
to the society for promoting Christian knowledge, had been sent to M T . 
Urlesperger at Augsburg in order for him to engage 50 heads of Salts- 
burgers to be ready to embark at Rotterdam for Georgia in July 1741. 

14'? Feb? 24. [Present,] Egmont, Ayers Robt, Smith, Vernon Ja., Lapotre 

Hen., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to consider of Hans Rheinspergers 
petition, and L* Delagals petition to be paid for his services in Geor- 
gia, but not being a Board we did nothing therein. 

16 Feb v . 25. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, P., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Tow- 
ers Tho., Tracy Rob!, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Trustee board was sumond to approve of the Ace* to be laid be- 
fore the Parliam! 

1. Order'd that the Ace* of the Progress of Georgia be written out 
fair to be presented to the House of Comons pursuant to their order ; 
and that a Copy of it be deliver" d to One of his Majesties Principal 
Secretaries of State, and another Copy to the Board of Trade, pursu- 
ant to Charter. 

2. We agreed also that copies should be given to the Speaker, MF 
Horace Walpole & S? J? Barnard. 

3. Seal'd pursuant to order of Comon Council of 1. Dec. last, a lease 
of 200 acres of land at Savannah to M? Tho. Christie. 

4. One Pearee a seaman belonging to Cap! Burrish (& sent by him) 
came this day to the Office, to acquaint that he had sounded all the 
Coast of Georgia from the harbour of Tybee to that of Jekyl : that 
both harbours would admit of 40 gun ships at Spring Tides, and even 



304 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

at Niep Tides he would venture to carry in ships of that size, if sound- 
ing with boats. That 10 or a dozen ships might ride in both har- 
bours, and that in 24 hours, Our ships in Jekyl harbour could come 
out into the stream or course of the Gulph of Florida, where the Span- 
ish Galeons pass to return to England. 
We order'd him to make affidavit thereof. 

5. The Germans being in hast to go to their Country to procure 
the 100 heads, for Georgia, we directed Mr Verelts to pay them 30£, 
to be confirm'd by next Comon Council ; which we doubted not they 
would do. 

6. Imprest 400 £ on the Bank. 

20 Feb? 26. [Present,] Digby Ed., L? Beauclerc (Sid. y ), Egmont, Holland Eog 1 .", 
Lapotre Hen., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam!, L d Tirconnel, P., Towers Tho., Towers 
Christ!, Tracy RoW, C. C. 

A Trustee board was sumon'd to order an Ace* of the Progress of 
tbe Colony to be laid before one of the Secret 1 ? 3 of State, & the Com- 
missioners of Trade & Plantations ; and to appoint a day for laying 
the same before the House of Comons under the Corporation Seal. 

1. Order'd that the seal be put to the abovementioned Ace* to be 
laid before the House of Comons. 

2. Order'd that the seal be put to 2 Copies of said Ace* (leaving 
out the last paragraphe) in order to be laid before one of the Princi- 
pal Secret": 8 of State, & the Lords Comissioners of Trade & Planta- 
tions. 

3. Read an Order of his Majesty in Council dat. 29 Jan7 1740/1, 
for directing the Prince of Wales Issue to be pray'd for in Georgia. 

Orderd that it be transmitted to Col. Stephens to see that obedi- 
ence be paid thereto. 

FebF 1740 / 1. This month 3 foreigners were sent over at the 
Trustees charge by the ship Carolina Merch* Cap* Surry. 

23 Feb7 1740/1 This day Col. Stephens concluded his journal 
from 16 Jan7, which among other things, acquainted us 

1. That M? Saxby Deputy Collect? of the Quitrents of S. Carolina 
absolutly refuse'd to pay M? Hamerton's bill, on pretence that it 
would be a misapplication of his Majesties Quitrent. 

2. That there is an encrease of vines & mulberry trees planted, but 
not in the least of corn. 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 305 

3. That a book concerning the state of Georgia, and of the bad prog- 
ress of the Colony under the Trustees management is printing by 
subscription at Charlestown, promoted by the Scotch Club who re- 
tired thither. 

4. That he is very impatient to know the Trustees resolution & de- 
termination concerning the support & encouragements required by the 
Inhabitants in their representation of the State of the Colony upon 
Oath in open Court 10 Nov b . r 1740 

5. That some of those who fled from Georgia to New York for fear 
of the Spaniards were drove back by the severe Winter, which made 
all things dear : & were much laugh'd at by their companions. 

6. That he was very uneasie the Ace* of the Trustees disbursments 
(according to their Estimate & their orders) were not yet ready to 
send. 

7. That Col. Oglethorpe was at variance with Mf Tho. Jones, and 
would not so much as read over his Ace! of disbursments for the year 
1740. 

8. That M? Tho. Hawkins also, threatend to confine M? Tho. 
Jones for refusing to allow some expences he charged the Trustees 
with. 

9. That the German Trust servants have done very little, and are 
very idle, when they serve others, yet as industrious when they have 
land of their own & are free, & some have Cattel : he advised there- 
fore that they should have their time given up to them & be made 
free. 

10. That The Cherokees have fallen out with the French : and the 
Creeks with the Cherokees 

11. That the Indians had been subsisted to this day out of the 
Trustees stores. 

12. That One Cap* Avery of Carolina had sent him a proposal 
(which he now enclosed to us) and had done the same to Col. Ogle- 
thorpe, Offering to quit Carolina and settle and take up land in Geor- 
gia on the conditions lately enlarged, there to erect saw mills & build 
ships, provided the Trustees gave him encouragement, and would bind 
the Orphans as well as the children of foreigners to him. 

13. That Col. Oglethorpe was suspicious he (Col. Stephens) did 
not give a fair Ace* & character of the persons & their proceedings 
at Savanah, and had sent Houston from Frederica to Savanah to 
make private observations relating thereto. 

39 



306 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

This journal with 2 letters from him dat. 31 Dec. & 15 Jan7 ar- 
rived about the 19* May 1741 

28 feb. 1740-1. 14. Mr Tho. Causton wrote again in a modest strain 
to expose bis bad circumstances, and to desire payment of several 
just demands. In this letter he enclosed a very particular & I beleive 
just state of the Colony. These arrived In June 1741, & may be seen 
in my 6* Vol. of letters from Georgia. 

15. Col. Stephens wrote in his journal, beginning 24. feb? 1740 / 1 
Feb. 26. That a whisper past about that My Norris (now at Savan- 
nah) had criminal conversation with his Maid servant, and she was 
with child by him : but he absolutly denyed it & would prove it a 
malicious calumny. 

16. That MT Norris complaind he could stay no longer at Frederica 
by reason of the affronts given him by the young Officers, but was 
going for England to lay before the Trustees a full narrative of all 
his grievances. 

17. Feb. 28. The Wench being sworn before a Magistrate acquitted 
M^ Norris, & laid the child to a young Man at Frederica. 

25 feby 1740 / 1. 1. This day our Sec? Mv Martin presented to the 
House of Cornons our Ace* of the Progress of the Colony from the 
beginning under our Corporation Seal, together with the Annual 
printed Ace*. 3 of our Recp*? and disbursments, & the other papers 
MT Tho. Carew had moved for. 

2. I went to the House to observe what should follow thereupon. 
MT Carew moved the Ace* of the Progress should be printed : but 
the Speaker desired no resolution might be had thereon this day, but 
to put it off till to morrow. 

MT Carew also moved that the Ace* might be taken into considera- 
tion to morrow 3 weeks, which no body happen'd to second, only MT 
LaRoche said the house might do what they pleased in it, it was all 
one to the Trustees. 

(1.) Whilst I was in the gallery MT Hen. Archer came to me, and 
said he had insinuated to the Speaker that we hoped we had deserved 
some notice to be taken by the house (when the examination should 
be over) of our f aithf ull management of the Trust comitted to us : to 
which the Speaker reply'd, We had better not try for it, We had many 
Enemies in the house, & should not obtain it. 



-^. 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 307 

On which I observed, that the Ministry continue their unwilling- 
ness, that the House should express any liking to the Colony, because 
it would put them under difficultys to treat with the Spaniards for 
giving it up, if they should so think fit in order to facilitate a Peace. 

(2.) The same day I met Mr John White who proffest to me great 
zeal for the Colony, & that he would do his best to serve it in the 
house : I ask'd him why he for some years had declined coming to the 
board ? he reply 'd (which I took only as a compliment) that if only 
such good Men as I were there, he would come, but there were some 
of the board he was not enclined to set with. He mean'd L? Tircon- 
nel and Mr Vernon, but asking his pardon they equal himself in good- 
ness, as much as they excell him in zeal, for which I refer to his be- 
haviour taken notice of by me in former years. 

26 Feb? 1740 / 1 I went again to the H. of Comons, expecting a 
day would be moved for taking the Progress of the Colony into con- 
sideration : but the Speaker thought it proper no day should be fixt 
until after the Ace* we gave yesterday should be printed : MF Carew 
therefore only moved that it should be printed, which was not opposed, 
but seconded and orderd. 

Col. Stephens continued to inform the Trustees by his journal as 
follows : 

1. March 3. 1740 / 1. That the garison at Fort Arguile consisting 
of 4 men, was breaking up for want of pay, and Col. Oglethorpe sends 
word that Col. Stephens may do w*. h it what he please, either maintain 
it, or give it up : but Col. Stephens desires his orders in writing. 

2 6*? John Slack a Methodist at Savannah, brought by M T . 

Whitfeild from Pensilvanea, courts the Widow Harris of same town, 
a remarkable industrious & thriving woman, and nothing wanting but 
a Minister to marry them : but finding her late husband left some 
debts, and that she had not administerd, so that if he marry'd her he 
should be lyable to those debts, flys off, & declares his conscience would 
not let him marry one that was no Christian, as he found by her fre- 
quenting the church of England. 

3 8 That MT Hamerton who owes the Trustees 200j£ is 

returnd from England to Charlestown. 

4. 11 1740 / 1 M? Whitfeild landed at Falmouth from 

Charlestown. 

5 9. That Cap* Will. Thompson was arrived from Eng- 
land at Frederica. 



/ 



308 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

6 11. That the Cherokee and Creek Indians now at War, 

desired the English to interpose and make them friends. 

7 13. MT Norris return'd to Frederica, fully acquitted by 

the servants Oath, that he never so much as tempted her, but some 
persuaded her to lay the child to him as the way to get money, com- 
plain'd that a person at Frederica laid violent hands on him in his own 
room, which he would not pass over, but would make the case publiok 
in England. 

6. March 1740 / 1. 1. Hapening to go this day to the Georgia Office, 
I found Mf Christie there who was come to sign his lease of 200 Acres, 
& did it. 

Among many things that past in conversation, he told me 

2. That he was satisfied with our alterations of the Tenures in 
Georgia, & remittal of past forfeitures, and beleived the people would 
be so to. 

3. That Wine for export will certainly succeed in Georgia : that him- 
self had made some of the Wild grape cut down, which had as strong 
a body as Burgundy, and as fine a flavour : that by cutting the thick 
coat of the grape grew thinner, & if the Cuttings were transplanted 
into Vinyards or gardens, the Vine would every way answer still 
better. 

4. That the silk will certainly do when the people get into the way 
of it, for which purpose the Italian Family should be obliged to in- 
struct them by taking more apprentices : there being enouch of bastard 
Orphans belonging to the Indian Traders to apply that way. 

5. That Cotton may prove an exportable Comodity, and he had 
planted of it. 

6. That it would be a great benefit if a way could be found to en- 
able the people to make money of their Timber. 

7. That there must be some way found to encourage the Inhabitants 
to remain & to subsist them, seeing they may not have Negroes: this 
he beleived would be to give them servants : for in truth there were 
many industrious people had left the Colony, because they could not 
subsist. 

8. That the feeding the people from a Publick store whilst it was 
kept up was ill advised tho well intended, for it made them idle. 

9. That several left the Colon}' who thought to grow rich too soon. 

10. That MT Thomas Stephens is mistaken in saying an acre of land 
will produce but 15 bushels of Corn, for some acres produce 30 or 40 
bushels. 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 309 

11. That he is also mistaken in saying the skin trade has profitted 
nothing ; On the contrary, there is scarce a shop that has not some 
skins in payment, which they send to Carolina & make money of, for 
want of regular shipping at Savannah : but they want sufficient wealthy 
storekeepers to sell to the Indians such European goods as they truck 
to the Indians. 

12. That he knows the harbours of the Province, their great use, 
and that they will admit 40 gun ships, & they have saved several Eng- 
lish ships. 

13. That there is a considerable quantity of good land in the Prov- 
ince. 

14. That no place in America is so healthy as Savanah, and if 
means were found out & made known that the Inhabitants might sub- 
sist, the Colony would soon fill, those gone away return, & no Province 
flourish so fast. 

15. That MT Tho. Stephens had been twice with him or thrice, to 
be a wittness to the things he advanc'd, but he was so dogmatical, he 
knew not what to say to him. 

16. That he should be ready, if call'd on, to wittness at the Bar of 
the house the several good things he knew of Georgia. 

17. That Augusta is the most flourishing town in the Province. 

18. That Col. Will. Stephens is a worthy Man, and it would be 
well for the Colony if more such were in it. 

19. That M T . Tho. Jones is a severe passionate Man, and tho he has 
the advantage of the Trustees storehouse without paying Rent, sells 
at 200 p cent profit, which ruins other store keepers & oppresses the 
people. 

I answer'd that the contrary appear'd to me : that he kept a private 
store, and if he sold too dear, the people would buy of other store- 
keepers who would sell cheaper, if he undersold them, then he releived 
the people & could not be said to oppress them. That if he sold at 
200 p cent profit, the storekeepers who might sell cheaper had reason 
to rejoyce not complain, for they were sure to be sought to. 

20. That Noble Jones was a creature of MF Caustons and idle in 
surveying, so that he drove many from the Colony to Carolina to seek 
for land, being delayed by him in running out their land, till their 
money was spent. 

21. That Bailif Parker talks of Improvments, but he knew none he 
had made, nor had he ever built a house. 

22. That tis a mistake to think the Inhabitants of Savannah have 



310 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

Rum, what they have is a poisonous spirit from the Islands ; but it 
would be profitable if they might be allow'd to import Rum, for then 
their lumber might be taken off in exchange, and the Rum they im- 
ported would be barter'd with the Indians for their skins. 

23. That a Negroe Merchant would lend a 50 acre lot Man a Ne- 
groe, but then he must be known to him for an industrious Man, and 
not one in 40 are so in Georgia. 

24. That He has known Georgia bills bear a premium of 5 p cent, 
they are so convenient, uneasie to be counterfeited, and so punctually 
paid. 

25. That he was sensible, there is no security to the Province, if 
Negroes were allow'd whilst Augustine remains in the Spaniards 
hands. 

26. That, now he had his Grant, he should go to Georgia in 6 weeks 
or 2 Months, with Intention to end his days there. 

9. March 27. [Present,] Digby Edw?, Egtnont, Ch., Hales Steph?, Lapotre Hen., 
Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Towers Tho., L? Tirconnel, Vernon Ja., C. C, Heath- 
cote Geo., Heathcote S^ Will., T. T. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to dispatch several businesses on the 
Agenda : and to consider of the proper proceedings in Parliament on 
the Account of the Progress of the Colony, laid before the House of 
Comons. 

1. Read the petition of Hans Jacob Rheinsberger, & Hans Caspar 
Gallisan for Germans to go to Georgia. 

2. Resolv'd that 100 heads of distressed German Protestants be car- 
ry'd over to be settled in Georgia. 

3. Resolv'd that 30j£ sterl? be allow'd towards defraying their pas- 
sage into their own Country, and expence in procuring the 100 heads 
of Germans. 

4. Read the following terms and conditions to be deliver'd to Hans 
Jacob Rheinsberger, viz. 

That every person of 12 years old and upwards is reckond a head. 

Every person of 7 years old and under 12 is reckon'd as two for One. 

Every person of 2 years and under 7, is reckon'd as 3 to One. 

And every person under 2 years old is not reckon'd, but goes freight 
free. 

The said Germans & Swiss are to receive in Georgia 2.10.0 for every 
person of 12 years & upwards : and 1.5.0 for every person under 12 
years old, to assist them for 1 year whilst they are cultivating their 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 311 

lands which are to be granted them & their heirs in Tail general, with 
a power to dispose of them by Will, under the yearly Rent of 4 shill? 8 
sterl? for every 100 acres to comence after 10 years are expired : and 
the quantity of lands to each family will be settled on their Requests 
when in England, in proportion to their being able to cultivate them. 

The Trustees are to be inform'd in time, what day in July the said 
Germans & Swiss whom they are to transport will be at Rotterdam, 
that they may provide Shipping there for that purpose. 

To those that go at their own expence, & take serv*? to settle in 
Georgia, each Master will have 50 acres of land for every Man servant 
he carrys, without Rent for 10 years : and then to pay 20 shill g . s sterl? 
for every 100 Acres ; and the servants will have also lands on their 
Masters certificates of their good behaviour without Rent for 10 years, 
and then to pay at the rate of 4 shill? 8 for every 100 Acres. 

5. Order'd that the Seal be put thereto, & that the Sec 5 : countersign 
them : which was done. 

6. Resolv'd that Our Accomp* M? Verelts write to Col. Stephens, to 
know if certain lands on the other side of the Brook of Ebenezar can 
be agreed for & purchassed of the Indians : if not, to lose no time in 
setting out 50 lots of 50 acres of good land each near Ebenezar and 
bounding them for the use of these Germans, and of 50 more heads of 
Saltsburgers : and to obey our directions therein without consulting 
thereon with others. 

7. Resolv'd that 50 heads of Saltsburgers be sent to Georgia, and 
that a letter be sent to procure them to be at Rotterdam in July next ; 
the society for promoting Christian knowledge undertaking to pay the 
passage of the said Saltsburgers to Rotterdam. 

8. Lawbooks for Savanah & Frederica town Courts were order'd, 
and the Lawyers of our board desired to chuse them. 

9. Resolv'd that a further sum of 20 £ be advanc'd Lieu* Delagal 
on the Credit of his Claym. 

10. A letter from W. Sam! Ausperger dat from Beam, 10* Feb? 
last & rec? 6*. h ins* was read, containing, that he had found his family 
affairs out of order, so that he could not return to his Grant of land at 
Frederica, unless the Trustees would advance him 500 £ at 5 p cent 
Interest, which if refused, he then desired he might have leave of ab- 
sence, and not be required to return till the year 1744, when he hoped 
he should be able to finish the affairs that detain him. 

Resolv'd that he have leave of absence till the year 1744, and that 
the Accomp* acquaint him therewith, but that the Trustees cannot 
advance him money. 



312 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

11. Upon my request, and representation, that the power of leasing 
lands in Georgia (formerly granted) for 5 years only, was too short a 
term to invite Tenants to take leases & lay out money upon, and that 
shopkeepers and other persons unable or unskilfull in cultivation would 
thereby be defeated of letting their lots to others, 

It was Resolv'd that a general licence be granted for 3 years from 
Michlemass 1741 for all Possessors of land in Georgia to make leases 
of any part of their lots for any term not exceeding 21 years from the 
date of the lease to any person or persons residing, occupying, & culti- 
vating the same, and who shall continue to reside, occupy and cultivate 
the same during the term of such lease. 

NB. MF Tho. Towers objected that they might abuse this power of 
leasing for so long a time by setting their lands to Rum Merchants, 
but he was answerd that who ever took the land would be obliged to 
cultivate, and finding no body supported him in his objection, he ac- 
quiesc'd. 

12. Whereas the obligation persons who hold 500 Acres were under 
of cultivation, was to cultivate 60 Acres in 10 years, and 60 more in 
20 years, we thought that too much to be required, & therefore 

Resolvd that the terms in the 500 acre Grants of cultivating the 
lands in Georgia, be 10 years for 50 acres, and other 10 years for 50 
acres more : and that in the Grants of lesser quantities, the same pro- 
portion be preserved. 

13. Resolv'd that proper Deeds pursuant to the 2 last Resolutions 
be prepared & seal'd in the presence of the Trustees, and that the 
Sec^ Countersign them. 

14. The Accomp* acquainted us that he had pay'd 61.4.0 in part of 
the money order'd on 25 March 1740 to be paid Cap! Ja. Macpherson, 
late Cap* of 19 Rangers in Georgia, and that he was ready to tender 
(pursuant to an order of said Comon Council the further sum of 
189.13.1^ : But that on fryday last he rec? a certified Ace* dat. 17 Oct. 
1738, in which the sum of 232.18.0 was claimed for advanced pay, de- 
manded by said Cap* Macpherson, which he had sworn to be due to 
him before Col. Bull, L* Gov' of S. Carolina, and was now demanded 
in the Captains name by MF Wragg, Merch* of this City. 

We recurr'd to the Captains Ace*, as stated by the Commissioners of 
Accompts in Georgia : and found that MF Tho. Causton had agreed 
to his demands some days before Lady day 1738 as sworn to by him : 
but that he had taken advantage of the expiration of a Contract with 
him ending that Lady day, and of the allarm the Colony was at that 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 313 

time in of an invasion from the Spaniards, to make on the sudden an 
exorbitant demand for future service, and that Mf Causton (then first 
Magistrate) under that necessity consented to his conditions, only as 
far as in him lay ; For this reason we unanimously resolv'd not to 
satisfy this supra demand, but to leave him to take his remedy as he 
pleased, and Resolv'd, 

That the sum of 189.13.1^ be paid to Cap* Ja. Macpherson in full 
of all his demands, and that his Claim of the advanc'd pay be dis- 
allow'd. 

15. The Accomp*. acquainted the board, that pursuant to their or- 
ders 3 Drafts had been made on the Bank to S? Jos. Hankey since 19 
Sep* 1740 for payment of sola bills, viz. 

15. Dec. — 500£ 
7 feb? — 300 £ 

16. feb7 — 400 <£. 

Col. Stephens continued to inform the Trustees, in his journal as 
follows : 

1. March 14. 1740/1 That J? Pye Recorder of Savanah had put 
up an advertisment that he design'd very soon to go to England on 
some matters of great consequence. That tho no freeholder, he was 
very busy in getting hands to a counter Representation of the state of 
the Colony. 

2 16. That MT Tho. Jones was return 'd from Frederica 

after a long absence 

3 17. and had brought him the 2000£ sola bills sent by 

Cap* Will. Thompson and letters. 

4 17. That he urged M? Jones to dispatch the Accompts 

how the money sent over by the Trust to answer the Estimate of the 
year end? Mich? 1740 had been disposed. 

5 18. That MT Jones had caused the woman with child 

formerly mention'd, to be re-examin'd, tho she had before clear'd M T . 
Norris upon Oath, he being a bitter Enemy to MT Norris, and a prof- 
fest Dissenter of the most rigorous sort. In this examination not taken 
on Oath, she contradicted every thing she had before sworn. 

16. March 28. [Present,] Egmont, P., Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., Vernon Ja., 
C. C, Heathcote S? Will., T. 

A Trustee Board was sumond to seal the deeds order'd at the last 
Comon Council : and to settle what might be necessary against the 

40 



314 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

20'? 1 ins* when the H. of Comons was expected to consider of the Prog- 
ress of Georgia, the Account whereof was printed, & ready for the 
Members. 

1. We seal'd (pursuant to an Order of Comon Council of 9*? inst) a 
general licence for 3 years from Michlemass 1741, for all possessors of 
land in Georgia to make leases of any part of their lotts for any term 
not exceeding 21 years from the date of the lease to any person or per- 
sons residing, occupying, or cultivating the same, and who shall con- 
tinue to reside, occupy or cultivate the same, during the term of such 



2. We also seal'd (pursuant to an order of the same Comon Council) 
an Indenture for granting a longer term to cultivate the lands in 
Georgia, and revoking the power of Re-Entry for non performance of 
former conditions for cultivation. 

3. Mr Tho. Christie & L* Horton were made Trustees in behalf of 
the people, and the former being accidentally at the Office sign'd these 
deeds which had been prepared by Mr Ayers & Mr Hen. Archer. 

4. Caspar Sumachi & his wife, late servants to Mr Tho. Causton, & 
whose services were expired, came to the Office, and produced a cer- 
tificate of their good behaviour while servants. She made bitter com- 
plaints of bad usage, and particularly that she had been stript of her 
cloathes, which we afterwards understood was detaining her blankets, 
for want of which she was obliged to sell her aparel. They were 
Grison servants engaged by the Trust, & made over to Mr Causton. 
She own'd her husband was offer'd the land promised to servants out 
of their time, but it was to no purpose for him to accept it, having no 
means to cultivate it, or even to subsist. 

We told her, that if her husband & she would go back, they should 
have both land & means to subsist, and we would pay their passage, 
to which she reply'd She would consult her husband ; but we never 
heard more of them. 

5. After breaking up, I went to the H. of Comons, where by agree- 
ment of Mr Carew L? Tirconnel moved, that ' since the Trustees of 
Georgia had deliver'd an account of the prgress of the Colony, and 
the same was now printed by order of the house and deliver'd to the 
Members, he hoped a day would be appointed for considering the same 
in a Comittee of the whole House, and that it might be next fryday, 
which My Carew seconded, & the house agreed thereto. 

Then Mr Carew moved that Mr Hewet & Mr Crockat, Merchants 
of S. Carolina, Lob, & Rich? Lawley, late of Savannah & Frederica 
might be order'd to attend : 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 315 

And L? Tirconnel moved that Cap! Hugh Mackay, Cap! Dempsy, 
L* Horton and MF Tho. Christie might also be order'd to attend, which 
was accordingly done. 

NB. the four moved for by MF Carew were flsh'd out by that pre- 
sumptious busie wretch Thomas Stephens, who having composed (or 
received from Carolina) a pamphlet of 12 pence or 18 pence price had 
a few days past been with some booksellers to print it, but they would 
not undertake it, I suppose because it contained some personal reflec- 
tions on the Trustees, for Georgia was the subject of that work, and 
the business of it to falsify the Impartial Enquiry into the State and 
Utility of the Colony which we printed & distributed to the Members 
of both houses at the beginning of the Session. 

19. March 29. [Present,] Ayers Rob!, Archer Tho., Archer Hen., Beauclerc (IA 
Sid.), Digby Edw., P., Egmont, Bathurst Hen., Frederick J?, Hales Steph., La- 
potre Hen., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., L? Tirconnel, Tracy Hob', Vernon Ja., C. C, 
Anderson Ad., Bedford Arth!, Burton J?, L? Carpenter, Coram Tho., Percival 
Phil., T. T. 

This day was our Anniversary Meeting at S* Brides Vestry, where 
there was a much greater Appearance of Comon Councilmen and 
Trustees, than the year before : for then they were but 6 of the former 
& 3 Trustees : But now they were 9 Comon Counsellors & 4 Trustees 
assembled to do business, and after Sermon 5 more Comon Counsellors 
& 2 Trustees joyn'd & dined with us. 

1. MF Verelts our Accomp* laid before us a Gen? abstract of Receipts 
& disbursments from 9. June 1740 to 18* March 1740 / 1, whereby it 
appeard that the Ballance remaining this day in our hands to be ap- 
ply 'd is 

For Gen! Uses of the Colony 2752. 7.6| 

For building Churches ........ 34.15.0 

For the Use of Missioners 13.10.2^ 

For Religious Uses in general 20. 0.0 



2820.1 2.8| 
And reserv'd to answer sola bills .... 4049. 0.0 



In all . . . 68G9.12.8| 



NB. 16.5.7 is appropriated out of the above 2752.7.6J to build a 
Church in Georgia; And 150£ (part of the 4090 £ appropriated to 
answer sola bills, was sent to be apply'd towards building a Church at 
Savannah. 



316 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March 

2. M? Verelts also laid before us his observations on the above Ace*, 
with a short abstract of the Trustees proceedings since 9 June 1740, 
as follows : 

The whole Amount of sola bills sent to Georgia to be issued there 
for the service of the Colony is to Lady day 1741 15710£ : whereof 
there has been return'd & paid and accepted for payment 11661. £. 

The Ballance to be apply'd by the Gen! Abstract is 2820.12.8^, 
whereof appropriated for answering all Outstanding Debts in America 
1653.8.5, which may be less, but cant be more ; by which appropria- 
tion, the said Ballance to be apply'd, will be the sum of 1167.4. 3J ; 
whereof for establishing the Colony 1098.19.li : For building Churches 
34.15.0 : For the Missionaries 13.10.2| And for the Religious Uses in 
general 20 £. 

The Trustees on the Recomendation of the late D? Waterland, ap- 
pointed the Rev? M x - Will 1 ? Metcalfe their Missionary at Savannah in 
Georgia, and revoked M 1 ' Whitfeilds power to perform Ecclesiastical 
Offices there : But Mf Metcalfe having been ill, and lately not an- 
swering the letters sent him, his going over is at present uncertain. 

The Comon Council of the Trustees have appointed a Committee 
to digest & prepare proper Instructions proposed for a President & 4 
Assistants in the Northern & Southern parts of Georgia, for the better 
regulating the Goverment thereof. 

They have also made persons capable of enjoying by Inheritance or 
Devise, any quantity of lands in Georgia not exceeding 2000 Acres, the 
Grantees now holding their lauds in Tail general ; and have power 
for 3 years from Mich? 1741 to lease the same for any term not ex- 
ceeding 21 years from the date of such lease to any person or persons 
who shall during such term reside occupy & cultivate the same. 

They have likewise released all Forfeitures incurred before Christ- 
mass 1740 relating to the Tenures or cultivation of lands, and reduced 
the conditions of Cultivation and planting Mulberry trees to 100 Acres 
to be cultivated in 20 years from the dates of the Grants of 500 Acres 
of land, and 2000 white Mulberry trees being planted in that time : 
and the same proportions for lesser quantities granted. 
The lands granted since the last Anniversary Meeting are 
16 feb? 1740 / 1 A lease to Mf Tho. Christie for 21 years renew- 
able by Covenants at a Fine certain — 200 Acres. 
The Number of persons sent upon the Charity are 



1740-1.] 



TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 



317 









Persons 


Foreign 
Protest'. 8 


British 


In the 1. year to 9* June 1733. 






152. 


11. 


141 


2 year to 9 June 1734. 






341. 


104. 


237 


3. year to 9. June 1735. 






81. 


58. 


23. 


4. year to 9 June 1736. 






470. 


129. 


341. 


5. year to 9 June 1737. 






32. 


— 


32. 


6. year to 9 June 1738. 






298. 


163. 


135. 


7. year to 9 June 1739. 






9. 


7. 


2. 


8. year to 9 June 1740. 






138. 


134. 


4. 








1521. 


606. 


915 


1 740. Octob! By the Georgia Packet 


} 


3. 


— 


3 


Cap' Thompson 








Feb? By the Carolina Merch! 
Surry 


Cap 


"\ 


3. 
1527. 


3. 
609. 


918 



Resolv'd that the said Abstract of the Ace? of the Trustees from 9*? 
June 1740 to the 18* ins?, and also the Observations thereon be ap- 
proved, & order'd to be enter'd. 

3. We then elected MF Hen. Bathurst, M 1 . John Frederick, & my 
brother Philip Percival Trustees : 

4. And after reading L? Carpenters resignation of his Office of 
Comon Counsellor, elected M? Bathurst a Comon Counsellor in his 
room : and Mr J? Frederick into the room Tho. Frederick his brother 
deceased. 

5. We then went to Church, where D? Bateman son in law to the 
Bi. of Litchfeild gave us a very good sermon, w c . h being over, we re- 
tired again into the Vestry, and D T . Bateman going with us, M r . Digby 
took the chair of President again to return DF Bateman our thanks, 
and desired leave to print his sermon, which he modestly consented to. 

6. We then dined together at the Castle Tavern, after which M* 
Crockat a Carolina Merch? and of the Counsel there, (the same who 
was order'd by the Parliam? to appear as a Wittness against us upon 
enquiry into the progress of the Colony if such should be made) came 
& sat with us. His business was with MT Verelts to procure payment 
of a debt due from the Trustees to Loyd, which money he said was 
due from Loyd to him, but being design'd a Witness against us, M* 
Verelts thought it might not be amiss for us to have some conversa- 
tion with him. 

The answers he made to several questions we put to him were 
(1.) That M 1 . Tho. Stephens had been with him twice or thrice, 
but he knew not what the Parliament had summond him for. 



318 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

(2.) That the Inhabitants of Georgia must have Negroes, not as in 
Carolina (where they have too many, in so much that they have past 
a law against introducing more into Charlestown) but at a moderate 
allowance of 4 to one family of whites : at the same time he own'd 
that the laws in Carolina against having too many Negroes, were not 
kept to, neither could be. 

(3.) That when he was in Carolina in the year 1737, there were 
22000 Negroes, and about 5000 white fighting Men. 

(4.) Being told that Carolina had an advantage by our not suffering 
Negroes in Georgia, for it gave us means to stop her Run-away Ne- 
groes, which had we any of our own could not be distinguish'd ; one 
from the other : He reply'd he knew of none we had stop'd ; I told 
him Capt. Gascoign had stop'd three, and M? Christie two. 

(5.) I ask'd him the price of a Negroe ? He said one with another 
20 £ ; I told him a person settled in Georgia had sold 2 Negroes for 
80<£. He reply'd here and there a particular Negroe might be worth 
that, and he has one he would not sell for 70<£. 

(6.) 1 ask'd him if he thought a poor freeholder in Georgia of 50 
acres only would be credited with a Negroe ? He reply'd no ; Then 
said I, what must become of that set of Men, if landholders of 500 
Acres should use Negroes, & the others have none ? He answer'd 
they might be Overseers to the Negroes of Landholders. I said a few 
might find that Employment, but what must the rest do ? He an- 
swer'd all the white Men in Georgia might find that Employment in 
Carolina. That said I wou'd depopulate Georgia : He reply'd no : for 
if we allow'd of Negroes, there would a thousand persons come to 
settle there, and those who had Negroes would help other white Men 
to live. That the Colony would be stronger with 1000 Negroes to 
1000 white Men, than with 500 white Men without Negroes. 

(7.) I said Negroes might cut the throats of our people and rim to 
the Spaniards : He reply'd if Negroes are well used, they never run. 
I said liberty, protection & lands which the Spaniards have proclaym'd 
to all Negroes that run to them, and the nearness of Augustine to 
Georgia would prove a great temptation to the best Negroes to run, 
and that in Carolina some who were thought so faithfull as to be 
made Overseers of others, and Masters of Pettiaguas, had made their 
escape to Augustine, and headed rebellions, & this very lately : to 
which he reply'd nothing. 

(8.) He said a Man may keep 6 Negroes for 1 white servant. 

(9.) He said that where there are Negroes, a white Man despises to 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 319 

work, saying, what, will you have me a Slave §■ work like a Negroe ? 
Nevertheless, if such white Man had Negroes of his own, he would 
work in the feild with them. I told him I knew of 3 white men who 
left Carolina last year, and came to Georgia to take land, complain- 
ing they could not live in Carolina because the Negroes under worked 
them. He answer'd that he beleived they went for some other reason. 

(10.) He said the people of Carolina are not Enemies to Georgia, 
those excepted who trade in skins. I answer'd they had no cause, for 
at present they trade within our Province in the manner they desire, 
no interuption being given them : He owned it. 

(11.) I ask'd him if he knew Andrew Grant, William Sterling & 
some other Scotch ? He reply'd yes : that Grant was a shopkeeper 
in Savannah, but William Sterling & others who had briskly culti- 
vated land were forced to leave the Colony for want of Negroes, and 
had consumed a great deal of money, which he knew they brought 
with them. I said they spent their money extravagantly in Savan- 
nah, and lived on their servants whom they hired out, whose time of 
service being expired, they by their unthriftyness were unable to en- 
gage new Ones. This he owned. 

(12.) He said, Carolina must always drain Georgia of its Inhabit- 
ants : for in Carolina they may buy land for 1 shilling an acre, and 
afterwards only pay the Quitrent which is but 4 shilr 5 . 13 for every 100 
Acres : whereas in Georgia the landholders pay 20 shillings for every 
hundred, viz. 4 shill g . s to the Crown, & 16 shill g . s to the Trustees. 

(13.) I mention'd to him the pretended Claims of diverse Carolina 
Gentlemen to lands in Georgia : He said, There were several who 
had purchassed lands from the late Proprietors in the part of Carolina 
now Georgia : but they could not get their land confirmed to them by 
the Governour until a little before Georgia was erected into a Prov- 
ince : and when they apply'd for their land, his Majesty forbad the 
Gov? to let them settle Southward of the Allatahama. I said that 
was prudently done to avoid giving a jealousie to the Spaniards : that 
Other Gentlemen of Carolina had lately pretended that some land 
even in Georgia was also theirs (as well as to lands Southward of the 
Allatahama) by grants from the Crown or Proprietors, but his Maj- 
esty having granted that land to the Trustees, it was not any concern 
of ours to regard their pretentions. 

(14.) He said that 40 years ago much silk was made in Carolina, but 
they had left it to follow rice which is more profitable : upon which 
I observed to him, the advantage Carolina receives by our not admit- 



320 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

ting Negroes, for if we did Our people would also abandon the thoughts 
of silk to raise rice, which would by the quantity we should produce 
lessen the value of Carolina rice by encreasing the quantity. 

Col. Stephens continued his journal as follows 

1. March 19. 1740/1. That Mr Hamerton was not at present able 
to pay his debt to the Trustees, and pretended he had settled with 
MF Verelts in what manner it should be paid, of which the latter 
would acquaint the Colonel, but no such thing appear'd by M? Verelts 
letters lately arrived. 

2 20. That Cap* Thompson was come from Frederica to 

Savannah. 

3. That Col. Oglethorpe had sent a Comission under his hand & 
seal to M? Henry Parker, W Tho. Jones, Col. Stephens, and MF Tho. 
Mercer to execute the Negroe Act. 

23. March. 30. [Present,] Bathurst Hen., Digby Edw., Ch., Egmont, Frederick 
J?, Lapotre Hen., Shaftsbuiy, Smith Sam., Towers Tho., Tracy Rob', Vernon Ja., 
P., C. C, Heathcote Sf W., Percival Phil., T. T. 

A Comon Council and Trustee board was summon'd to do the busi- 
ness intended for thursday last, and to attend the swearing in the 
New Comon Council Men. 

1. MF Henry Bathurst 2? Son to L* Bathurst, and W. John Fred- 
erick, the One Member for Ciceter, the other for Shoreham were sworn 
into the Comon Council. 

2. We took into consideration the encouragements necessary to be 
given to servants in Georgia when out of their time, to take up land, 
most of them abandoning the Colony when their service is expired. 

Resolv'd therefore, That all servants in the Province of Georgia, 
whose time is already expired, shall upon producing a certificate from 
their Masters of their good behaviour, be entitled to 50 acres of good 
land instead of 20 acres which they now are possest of or are entitled 
to by virtue of former Covenants : And that Instructions be sent over 
to the Magistrates of Savariah & Frederica to take care that a suffi- 
cient quantity of good land for the said purpose be imediatly sur- 
vey'd. 

3. Resolv'd that all servants that shall be out of their service on or 
before Christmass 1741, shall at the expiration of their respective ser- 
vices be entitled to 50 Acres of good land, instead of 20 which they are 
now entitled to : and that Instructions be sent over to the Magistrates 



1740-1.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 321 

to take care that a sufficient quantity of good land for the said persons 
be imediatly survey'd. 

4. The Comissioners for stating the Publick debts of the Colony 
having reported that the sum of 99.15.4. is due to John Loyd for 
provisions &c deliver'd into the store : & MF Crockat Merch* claiming 
the said money to be due to him, Loyd being only his Factor, 

Resolv'd that M T - Crockat be paid the debt reported to be due to 
J? Loyd, he making it appear that the same is due to him. 

5. Mess 1 . 8 Pytt and Tuckwell having rec? a Copy on the Oath of 
J°Brownfeild their Factor of the 3 Ace*. 8 claim'd to be due to them, 
amounting to 405.12.4|, whereof 300<£ has been paid in part ; and 
the Comissioners of Ace*. 8 having reported the 3 Acc ts to be due : 

Resolv'd that the remaining 105.12.4. be paid them. 

6. Resolv'd that 1000£ in sola bills, viz. 100 bills of 5£ and 500 
bills of 1£ each be sent over (being first seal'd and sign'd by the 
Accomp!) to Will. Stephens Esq, MT Henry Parker, & MF Tho. Jones, 
or any two of them, to issue for the service of the Province: this was 
for the \ year comencing at Lady day 1741. 

7. Resolv'd that 50 £ be given to the Sec? for his extroardinary 
services the last year. 

8. Resolv'd that 50<£ be given to the Accomp* for his extroardinary 
services last year. 

9. Resolv'd that an Impress be made on the Bank to Sf Jos. Hankey 
on Ace* And sign'd the same. 

10. After the Office business was over, we went to the House of 
Comons, expecting the consideration of the state & progress of the 
Colony would come on : but to our great surprise MF Carew moved 
it might be put off to Thursday sennit, and MF Phil. Gibbons sec- 
onded him : Upon which MF Digby moved it might be to morrow fort- 
night : his reason was because some of the Trustees who intended to 
speak in the debate would not be return'd out of the Country till 
then. 

L? Cage moved & obtained that MF Whitfeild might be order'd 
to attend, as being the latest arrived of any from the Colony : but 
many exprest their dislike at examining an Enthusiastical Mad Man 
as they call'd him, & thought it demean'd the dignity of the house. 
This folly was owing to MF Tho. Stephens, who put L^ Gage upon it, 
because he had found that MF Whitfeild was for allowing Negroes in 
the Colony, & if examind would declare his opinion that way. 

41 



322 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

Col. Stephens continues his journal thus : 

1. March 23. 1740/1. W Jones and he agree to present MF Hop- 
ton of Charlestown for his very good correspondence and care of the 
packets between Georgia & England, he having been a great sufferer 
by the late fire at Charlestown. 

2 24. That Col. Oglethorpe had sent fresh orders to Col. Ste- 
phens to purchasse a good number of horses for the Publick service : of 
which 10 for Rangers, Inhabitants of Savannah and to be employ'd in 
this Neighborhood, & 7 at Ebenezar for so many Rangers there. 

3. That the People of Carolina were grown to such an insolent 
contempt of every thing relating to Georgia, that sola bills would 
hardly pass at 7 for One : and Col. Oglethorpes Regimental bills would 
pass at, no rate at all, but were set up by those that had them at pub- 
lick auction to get what they could for them ; whilst their own vile 
currency (great part of which has no real fund to support it) is valued 
beyond measure. 

4. That it were worth the Board of Trades care to restrain the bound- 
less liberty taken by that Province of coining such egregious heaps 
of paper currency. 

5 26. That Peter Emery, a Pilot would not settle at Tybee, 

but was invited to Port-royal in Carolina : and he is one of the Male- 
contents. That he had always full employment at Savannah, and 
might have saved money, but twas gone as soon as got, tho his wife 
(formerly Germain) keeps a chandlers shop, and sold good store of 
retail ware. That he thought it reasonable he should repay the 10,£ 
he owed the Trustees before he went off. That he had set his lot of 
5 acres. That he had formerly clear'd his 5 acre lot as soon as any 
One, but for 2 years past neglected it. 

6 28. That Isaac Young of Savannah was employed to buy 

horses for Col. Oglethorpe's appointment of Rangers. 

7 29. That M T . Whitfeild had left a profest Dissenting 

Teacher to take care of the Orphan house, and he was in great esteem 
with M. T - Jones. 

8. 30 March 1741 A copy was sent to the Trustees of the proceed- 
ings in selling a Negro taken at work on My Uptons land. He was 
sold for 13.<£. 

NB. this arrived 28 Sept. 1741. 



mi.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 323 

30. March 1741. 31. [Present,] Digby Edw*, Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., 
Tracy Rotf , Vernon Ja., P., C. C. 

A Conion Council was sumon'd to consider of the letters received 
lately from M!" Urlesperger of Augsburg, about the Saltsburgers in- 
tended for Georgia. But we were not a board. 

1. Read M* Whitfeilds letter of 2 feb?(see Fol. [300]) and agreed 
that M. 1 - Verelts should inform him of the several enlargement of the 
Tenures, which we thought might satisfy him as to his desire that his 
Executors might nominate their successors for ever: the Possessor 
being allow'd to bequeath his property by Will or Devise. 

2. Read M! J? Pye's letter dat. 30 Dec b . r (see Fol. [277]), and Re- 
solv'd that he ought to be appointed Recorder, having hitherto only 
acted in the absence of M? Christie, without appointment from the 
Trustees. That he ought also to be paid his sallary full from the 
time he began to Officiate, tho not regularly appointed. That he 
ought to be inform'd the Trustees never intended he should be a Mag- 
istrate, which in his letter he hinted to be expedient. And that he 
ought to receive the pay of a Clerk, tho he keeps none, seeing he dos 
all the business. 

3. Two letters from Mr Urlesperger of Augsburg were read one 
dated 20 feb y 1740 / 1 to the Trustees in latin, the other dated 23 
March following to M? Vernon in french, and both relating to the 50 
heads of Saltsburgers wrote for this year. He desired to know 

(1.) Who should pay their coming down to Rotterdam ? 

(2.) Whether we would pay the Charge of a Comissary to bring 
them to Rotterdam ? 

(3.) Whether we would send that Comissary with them to Ebe- 
nezar, & make him a Magistrate there ? 

(4.) Whether we would procure them a Convoy during this time 
of War. 
' (5.) Whether Cows &c would be given them ? 

(6.) Whether they should have a years provision at their Arrival 
in Geoi'gia ? 

(7.) He concluded with desiring the Trustees would pay the build- 
ing My Boltziu's house at Ebenezar : 

(8.) And that they would allow a sallary to MV Thielo the Salts- 
burg Surgeon. 

We agreed, that as the Society for promoting Christian knowledge 
was disposed to furnish 5Q£ towards bringing down the 50 heads of 
Saltsburgers to Rotterdam, We ought to make the sum up 100£. 



324 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

(10.) That we might promise them at their arrival in Georgia half 
a years provision, at the rate of 8 pence a day for Men, 6 pence for 
women, & 4 pence for children above 12 years of age. 

(11.) That Cows &c should be allow'd them as formerly promised. 

(12.) That there would be no occasion to send a Comissary with 
them or make him a Magistrate at Ebenezar. 

(13.) That as to Convoy, they must take the fate of other ships 

(14.) That it should be enquired what has already been given by 
the Trustees towards building M? Bolzius's house. 

(15.) And that MT Urlesperger should be inform'd the Trustees 
had for encouragment to M* Thielo allow'd him to take up a 50 acre 
lot. 

(16.) Resolv'd that the Comon Council be acquainted w*? 1 these 
several opinions of ours. 

4. This day I heard from several hands that the Ministry are de- 
termin'd not to suffer the state of Georgia to be enquired into, for the 
same reason they formerly opposed it, viz. that they may not be riv- 
etted down from parting with it, by a vote in the Colonys favour, if 
insisted on bj the Spaniards. 

Col. Stephens continues his journal thus: 

1. March 30. 1741. That the Spaniards had landed at M r . Car's 
plantation on the Main over against Jekyl Island, where there was a 
Corporals guard, on the 18*. h inst* and kill'd several soldiers & servants, 
and carry'd away what they found, together with the large boat be- 
longing to that plantation. 

2. April 2. That his Farm at Bewly would he hoped by Michle- 
mas next require no more expence upon it as a farm, but maintain 
itself. 

That this day a fire had happend in Derby Ward in Savannah, 
and burnt down 5 houses, viz. late M T - Wests, N? 1. Wilsons N? 2. 
Brownsides in right of his Wife N? 3. Camuse's N° 4. and Widow 
Bowlings N° 5. 

3 4. That he had received M. 1 . Verelts letters of the 25 & 28 

October, 8* November, & 6 December. 

4. That he had also received the 2000^£ sola bills sent by Cap* 
Thompson. 

5. That the Accompt of sola bills issued for the estimated services 
comencing at Michlemass 1739 were preparing, and would be sent by 
Cap* Thompson at his return for England. 



mi.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 325 

6. That the Resolutions made in Comon Council 21 July last, 
relating to the peoples Tenure and cultivation had given great satis- 
faction. 

7. That James Dormer a Freeholder at Savannah is an abler 
Pilot than Emery, and will accept the terms offer'd Emery to live 
at Tybee. 

8 6. That M? Hamerton promises to pay his debt very 

soon. 

9 7. That corn is grown so scarce, they should be obliged 

to make a store notwithstanding the Trustees had put it down : other- 
wise the people must quit the Province. 

10 8. Uchee Indians with the Creeks at war with the Cher- 

okees : a vagrant nation. 

11. .... 9. Divers Inhabitants sick with the uncomon heats. 

12. . . . 13*. h A Court held, and 50 Freeholders appear'd, not reck- 
oning defaulters, & many not sumond. 

13 14. John Provost a New York Trader insolent to Bailif 

Parker. 

14 16. The Worm this season destroyed all the garden seed, 

and the Corn to the great dissappointment of the Planters. 

15 17*? That Col. Oglethorpe had augmented the garison 

of Augusta to 20 men. 

16 That the Creeks & Cherokees were making peace. 

17 18* 11 That M r . s Mathews was gone to keep a store on the 

Allatahama for the Indian nations ; and her husband who had the 
Comand of 20 Rangers was to follow when recoverd of his illness, 
having lost the use of his limbs. 

18 22. That Will. Francis (formerly Messenger upon sallary 

between Frederica and Savanah, a business since put down as useless) 
was made by Mathews L* to his CompF of Rangers, gets a maid with 
child, and Mathews falls out w 1 ? M? Jones for examining into the 
affair. 

19 25. Cap? Patrick Mackay very crafty and reserved in his 

affairs 

The Col. receives our Sec 5 ; 3 Pamphlet entitled — an Impartial En- 
quiry into the State § Utility of Georgia. 

20 27. Corn so scarce as scarce to be got : the Carolinians 

seek to distress us by holding the price too dear, and at the same put- 
ting what value they please on our sola bills. Yet a good supply of 
corn expected from Augusta where they had last season a good crop. 



326 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

21. Several promising Plantations on the 500 acre lots coming on. 

22 28. a Contest between Cap* Mackay and Mr Fallowfeild 

about examining his Vessel : suspended till Col. Oglethorpes opinion 
is known. 

23. Col. Oglethorpe writes to Savanah for corn to be sent to Fred- 
erica for planting. 

6. April. 32. [Present,] Digby Edw?, Egmont, Frederick J?, Hales Ste., Lapotre 
Hen., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., 1/ Tirconnel, Tracy Rob', Vernon Ja., Ch., C. C, 
Heathcote S! W., T. 

1. Read J? Pyes letter of 30 Dec. 1740, and Resolv'd that he hav- 
ing officiated as Recorder in the room of Tho. Christie from Lady day 
1740, be allow'd & paid the sallary of Recorder from that time, as 
also the Allowance for a clerk from that time : and that he be inform'd 
he is no Magistrate, but his duty is only to keep the Records & min- 
utes of the Court. 

2. The Accomp* acquainted the Board, that the following debts re- 
ported by the Comissioners in Georgia for stating the Publick debts, 
are all that appear at present to be claimed on the Trust, viz. 

To Will. Belenger, exclusive of the value of 2 horses, . . . 229. 2. 1\ 

To Alex c 5 Rantowl 85.18. 3$ 

To Sam! Eveleigh -55. 4.10$ 

To Benj. Adams 28. 1. 9f 

To Will. Elbert 32.14. f 

ToJ° Penrose 13.12.1o| 

To Eneas Macintosh 50. 0. 

To J; Lewis Camuche 78.16. 8 

To J° Cuthbert 1. 2. 3f 

To Will. Clay 238. 9. 1$ 

To Ja. Searles 40. 4.11. 

To Cap! Roger 23.11. 6$ 

To Sam! Lacy 50. 9. 4 

To Spangenberg & the Moravians 4. 6. 4$ 

To Samuel Mercer 24. 1.11$ 

To V. Delagal, residue of 85 claym'd 35. 0. 

Debts to sundry, mention'd in the list of 10'. h Oct. 1738, not contra- » 

dieted in the Report from the Comissioners or not yet mentioned >■ 456.13. 9$ 

by them ) 

1447.10.11$ 

Resolv'd that as money in the Bank is appropriated for answering 
the said outstanding debts, Any 5 of the Comon Council be empower'd 
from time to time to draw on the Bank for the payment of them. 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 327 

3. Resolv'd that 600,£ of the money remaining unapply'd for es- 
tablishing the Colony, be appropriated to make good the like sum 
remitted to Gen! Oglethorpe the 3. March 1738/9 by the ship 
Mary Anne Cap* Shubrick for cloathing and Maintenance of Trust 
servants, to be replaced to the following uses, whereof 400 £ to be ap- 
ply 'd towards build? Churches in Georgia, and 200<£ for cultivating 
lands for Religious Uses there, Or to make good so much thereof, as 
has not been apply'd to Georgia in the said services. 

NB. If the Trustees had at that time been possest of Cash they 
would not have lent that money to the Gen! Uses of the Colony be- 
cause appropriated to building Churches & Religious uses : but that 
these uses might not suffer We now restored the moneys to their re- 
spective heads. The Money at that time borrow'd from the Religious 
Uses was 190.0.0 And from the Fund for building Churches 371.15.0 
in all 561.15.0 

4. Resolv'd that Will. Stephens Esq be directed to prossecute MF 
Hamerton at Cbarlestown for payment of his bill of Exchange for 
200 £ on M? Geo. Saxby his Deputy out of the kings Quitrents if not 
already pay'd. 

5. MF Whitfeilds letter of 2 feb? last (see fol. [300]) was read; 
Order'd that Q£ be paid for the passage of Dobel the Schoolmaster 
from Savannah to England w*? 1 said Whitfeiid. 

6. Order'd that 5£ expended by M? Whitfeiid in candles for 12 
months in the publick worship at Savannah be paid. 

7. MT Urlespergers letters of 20 feb? 1740 / 1 and 28 March 1741 
(see fol. [323]) were read : 

Resolv'd that a sum not exceeding 50 £ be apply'd towards defray- 
ing the charges of Saltsburgers coming from Germany to Rotterdam 
in July 1741. 

Resolv'd that six months provision in money be paid to the said 
Saltsburgers from their arrival in Georgia, at 8 pence a day for every 
Male of 12 years old & upwards, 6 pence for every female of 12 years 
old & upwards, & 4 pence for every child of 6 years old & upwards, 
their parents maintaining the children under 6 years out of their Al- 
lowance. 

8. Resolv'd that Tabitha Atherton the housekeeper being dead, 
Anne Allen Widow, her daughter be appointed Housekeeper in her 
room. 

9. Resolv'd that the Apothecary's bill, and the bill of expences of 
burying Tabitha Atherton be paid. 



328 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

7 April 1741. This day was appointed for considering in Parlia- 
ment the Ace* printed & given by Us to the house according to their 
direction of the Progress of the Colony, But the Ministry who had 
no mind from the beginning to have the same enquired into, fearing 
a motion might follow for declaring the Colony is usefull, whereby 
they would be embai'rassed in their intention to surrender it to the 
Spaniards upon a Peace, or at least withdrawing the Inhabitants and 
leaving the Country for a wast frontier, took the occasion of M? Whit- 
feilds being order'd to attend as an Evidence, to put off the Enquiry, 
and directed S? Will 1 ? Young to move the affair might be adjourned, 
which he did, without naming a future day for it. M? John How 
also by direction seconded him. The Ministry had before this pre- 
pared the minds of gentlemen to dislike the admitting M? Whitfeild 
to be heard, giving out it was dishonourable for the house to suffer 
an Enthusiast & Mad man to preach at the bar. 

Upon this, L? Gage rose up, and said he pretty well guess'd the pre- 
tence for putting off the Enquiry, (looking up to the gallery where 
Mr Whitfeild sat, but if the house pleased, they might drop that per- 
son, & proceed to examine the other Evidences. He then spoke bit- 
ter things against the Colony, which he affirm'd to be in a miserable 
way, and none left there, or such as were absolute beggers. That the 
Trustees were men of honour & integrity, but their Secretary MF 
Stephens did not give them true informations. That the Colony 
could not subsist on the present foot, and he had a letter in his hand, 
from a person able to buy the whole Colony which would shew how 
much the Trustees had been imposed on by the Accounts sent them : 
which letter he desired leave to read as part of his speech. 

M? Gyles Earl said it was not regular to suffer letters to be read as 
parts of Gentlemens speeches, that indeed such things were some- 
times allow'd, but it was in the breast of the house, & he was against 
it now. L? Gage appeal'd to the Speaker whether he was not reg- 
ular, who said He was : but 

MF How stood up and said he must oppose reading the letter for 
it would provoke a debate which he perceived the house was not in- 
clined to enter upon. That a debate upon Georgia might encline the 
Spaniards to beleive there is a party in the house who are for giving 
it up to them, in which thought they ought by no means to be en- 
couraged. 

MF Digby rose and answer'd several objections L? Gage had flung 
out against the Colony, as also to the Trustees intelligence received 



mi.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 329 

from thence, and concluded with an earnest desire an Enquiry might 
go on at any rate. 

MF Edw? Hooper seconded him & spoke extreamly well, and an- 
swerd MF Hows argument by urging, that to suspend an Enquiry 
would give the Spaniards hopes of having the Colony given up to 
them, whereas if upon an Enquiry the House should vote the Colony 
usefull (which he assured himself would follow) their hopes would 
be cut off. That having enquired more perhapps than others into 
the state of the Colony, & the conduct of it, and being himself no 
Trustee, he would freely declare he both thought it would be of the 
greatest use, as being a necessary frontier to our other Colonies, and 
that the Trustees had acted in the erecting & carrying it on with 
great prudence. He repeated his wishes that the house would enter 
on the enquiry, and that now, because the Session was so near expir- 
ing : But if none was to be made, neither the conduct of the Trus- 
tees justifyed by a publick ' acknowledgment of their good services, 
whereby very unreasonable clamours against them would be stop'd, 
he hoped that for the honour of the house, and for the sake of justice, 
L? Gage would not be suffer'd to read letters against the Trustees 
conduct, he being as appeard a Party against them. 

SF Will 1 ? Young then said he was not against an Enquiry, but the 
house understood his reason for adjourning the house, this day : if an 
enquiry were moved for to morrow or any other day, he should be 
contented. 

L* Gage then rose & said he found the house not enclined to enquire 
why 129000 £ had been thrown away : that if they were for giving 
so much pvblick money away without knowing why he must submit : 
but for his part he should pay his share very unwillingly, & he would 
never more concern himself about the matter. 

The Speaker then put the question for adjourning, and the house 
agreed thereto, sine die. 

It was remarkable that M 1 . Carew who first moved for an Enquiry 
was silent this day, and as remarkable that M? Tho. Towers was 
industriously absent, 

1. 9. April 1741 M? Tho. Christie publish'd in print a very favour- 
able Ace* of the Colony, which see in my 5 Vol. of Letters to Geor- 
gia. 

2. I told him his mentioning gold & silver found in Georgia would 

42 



330 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

not be credited : He said he had seen it, and would print a 2* Edi- 
tion with affidavits concerning the truth of it. 

3. He exprest himself in the strongest manner a friend to the Col- 
ony. 

4. He owned he was for Negroes when he sign'd the Representa- 
tion : but had he then known of the Proclamation issued at Augus- 
tine to tempt our Negroes away, he and many more would not have 
sign'd it, who as well as himself are now satisfied it would not be 
safe to have Negroes 'till Augustine is taken : 

5. But it will be necessary the Trustees find white servants for the 
Inhabitants. 

13. April 33. [Present,] Ayers Rott, Bathurst Hen., Egmont, Frederick J°, 
Lapotre -Hen., L? Tirconnel, Smith Sam., P. & Ch., Tracy Rob', Vernon Ja., G. 
C, Anderson Ad 1 ?, Percival Ph., T. T. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to consider of letters and papers 
lately received from Georgia : For forming Presidents and Assistants 
for the Well Government of the Colony : & to consider of the further 
appropriation of the money granted this Session of Parliament. 

1. Read the State of the Colony sent over by the Town Court of 
Savannah dat. 10 Nov. 1740 subscribed & sworn to by 25 Land and 
Freeholders of the Northern Division : many of whom had sign'd the 
Representation of Negroes to be allow'd the Colony Dec. 1738, but 
now were brought to be of another mind. (See the same in my 6*. h 
Vol. of letters from Georgia). 

Order'd that copies thereof be made out and given to the D. of 
Newcastle, and to the Board of Trade. 

2. The Comon Council resolv'd that 40 Heads of Highlanders viz. 
25 Men and 15 women be carry'd over to Georgia. 

3. Resolv'd that Mr Bathurst, MF Frederick & L? Tirconel be 
added to the Comittee for drawing up Instructions for the President 
of the Northern part of the Province. 

4. Resolv'd that it be refer'd to the said Comittee to review the 
last estimated Expences, and settle the Estimate for the present year : 
And to direct sola bills to be sent from time to time to defray the 
same as they shall find occasion. 

5. Resolv'd that the several requests set forth in the state of the 
Province, which was read this day, be refer'd to the said Comittee to 
report their opinion thereon to the C. Council. 

6. Resolv'd that the several papers & letters received lately from 
the Colony, be refer'd to the said Comittee. 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 331 

7. Resolv'd that the said Comittee be a Coniittee of Embarkation 
and have a power to contract for the freight of those persons to be 
sent : and that any five of the Comon Council be empowred to draw 
for payment for the freight & charges of the Embarkation. 

8. Order'd that all the Regulations lately made relating to the Ten- 
ures, be collected together & printed, & sent over, for the satisfaction 
of the people. 

15. April 34. [Present, ]/,Digby Edw?, Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., Shafts- 
bury, Tracy Rob?, Vernon Ja., C. C, Burton J ., T. 

A Comittee was sumon'd for the matters refer'd on Monday last : 
to dine together, & proceed afterwards thereon. 

1. We read the several letters lately arrived, and made remarks 
on them. 

2. We all dined together, the E. of Shaftsbury excepted, at the 
horn tavern : where I heard that it should be given out that the Trus- 
tees of Georgia are very honest Gentlemen, but had been guilty of 
some mistakes, which ST Robert Walpole being their friend, desired 
might not be discover'd, & therefore opposed an Enquiry. This re- 
port is given out by our Enemies. 

15. April 35. [Present,] Ayers Rob', Bathurst Hen., Digby Edw 1 !, Egmont, 
Frederick J°, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., L* Tirconnel, Ch., Tracy Rob', Vernon 
Ja., C. C p Burton J?, T. 

After dinner we were able to make a Comon Council board by the 
coming of M? Ayers, M r - Bathurst, MT Frederick & L? Tirconnel. 

1. Resolv'd that Gen? Oglethorpe be desired to acquaint the Trus- 
tees by the first opportunity, what has been done in the Execution of 
the Act for regulating the Trade with the Indians, and what money 
has been paid in from the Traders licenced under the said Act. 

2. Resolv'd that the Province of Georgia be divided into 2 Coun- 
ties, call'd the County of Savannah and the County of Frederica ; and 
that the District of the County of Savannah shall include all the settle- 
ments upon the Savannah River, and both Banks of the Ogeeky 
River, & so much further southward of the Ogeeky as shall be ap- 
pointed when a proper Map shall be sent to the Trustees. 

3. Resolv'd that the jurisdiction of each County be under a Presi- 
dent & 4 Assistants. 

4. Resolv'd that 80<£ be given to the President of each County. 

5. Resolv'd that 2Q£ be given to the 4*? 1 Assistant of the County 
of Savannah. 



332 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

6. Resolv'd that the Secf do write to Gen! Oglethorpe to desire 
him to recomend to the Trustees as soon as possible a proper person 
for a President for the County of Frederica. 

7. Resolv'd that Will. Stephens Esq be appointed President of the 
County of Savanah. 

8. Resolv'd that Hen. Parker, Tho. Jones, J? Fallowfeild, & Sam! 
Mercer be the 4 Assistants. 

9. Resolv'd that the 3 Magistrates of the Town of Frederica be 3 
Assistants for the County of Frederica, and that Gen! Oglethorpe be 
desired to recomend a proper person for the 4*. h Assistant. 

10. Resolv'd that 10£ p ann be allow'd to the 4* Assistant of the 
County Frederica. 

11. Resolv'd that a number of Men servants not exceeding 60, be 
sent to the Colony, for the Freeholders of Savanah, under contract to 
serve the Trustees for 5 years at Wages not exceeding 4,£ p head, to 
be paid by the Freeholders by whom they shall be taken ; together 
with 1£ p ann for the said 5 years, towards repaying the charge of 
their passage. 

12. Resolved that a bounty be given of 1 shill. p bushel on Corn, 6 
pence a bushel on pease, & 3 pence a bushel on potatoes, raised & 
produced in Georgia in the year between Christmass 1741 & Christ- 
mass 1742. 

13. Resolv'd that 77=£ be paid to the Rev? Mr Bolzius towards de- 
fraying the charge of erecting a Corn Mill at Ebenezar. 

14. Agreed that 2 Millstones be sent over to add to the Corn Mill 
at Ebenezar. 

15. Agreed that Coglar the Millright deserved some reward for 
that and other services. 

16. Agreed that the Saltsburgers be wrote to, to inform the Trus- 
tees, what would be the cost of a Stamping Mill proposed by them 
for making Rice merchantable. 

17. April 1741. 1. MF Verelts acquainted me this day, that L* Col. 
Cook had wrote to My Fury from S? Simons 2 feb? last, That he was 
tired of Georgia : that he knew not whether the Colony was design'd 
for the Regiment, or the Regiment for the Colony. That in the way 
things are the Colony must come to nothing, and 4 Freeholders were 
gone away that day, but he supposed would be stop'd by the way and 
brought back as Delinquents. That nevertheless, if proper measures 
were taken, the Colony would do well. 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 333 

NB. by this it appears that U. Col. Cook is at variance w*? 1 Col. 
Oglethorpe, which I had heard before, Gov? Glen of S. Carolina hav- 
ing inform'd me, that at the Seige of Augustine, the measures Ogle- 
thorpe took were not approved by his L* Col' 

NB. also, that the L* CoB is for Negroes. 

2. About this time, MF Tho. Stephens shipt himself on board Cap? 
Wright to Carolina, I suppose to work more mischief there, and in- 
struct the discontented Runaways from Savannah how to improve 
their Malice ag s * the Trustees to effect 

20. April. 36. [Present,] Ayers Rob?_, Bathurst Hen., Ch., Digby Ed., Egmont, 
Frederick J?, Hales Stev! 1 , Lapotre Hen., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., L? Tirconnel, 
Tracy Rob', Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to review the Minutes of the last 
Comon Council, and to proceed upon the matters refer'd. 

1. Resolv'd that 10<£ a year be given to the 2? & 3? Bailifs of Sa- 
vannah, in consideration of their acting as Assistants to the President 
of the County of Savanah. 

2. Resolv'd that 5£ a year be allow'd to the Recorder of Savanah 
in consideration of his acting as Clerk to the Board of Assistants. 

3. Resolv'd that a Deed be prepared, constituting Will. Stephens 
Esq President, & Hen. Parker, Tho. Jones, J? Fallowfeild & Sainl 
Mercer the 4 Assistants of the County of Savannah ; and that the Seal 
of the Coj-poration be affixt to the same in the presence of the Trus- 
tees, and that the Secret? countersign the same. 

4. Read the Instructions to the said President and Assistants ; 
Read further Instructions both Publick & private to the President 
only. 

Resolv'd that it be refer'd to the E. of Egmont, M? Bathurst & M7 
Ayers to range the said Instructions, and that the Seal of the Corpo- 
ration be affixt to said Instructions in the presence of the Trustees, 
and that the Secretary do countersign the same. 

5. Order'd that the Laws relating to the Plantation Trade be pur- 
chassed & sent over to the President of the County of Savannah for 
the use of the Colony. 

6. Resolv'd that Tho. Mariot be appointed 2? Bailif of the town of 
Frederica in the room of Sam' Perkins who flung up his Office. 

7. Resolv'd that the Establishment of a President & Assistants for 
the County of Savanah comence at Mich? 1742. 

8. Resolv'd that all the papers & letters lately received, be refer'd 
to a Comittee of Correspondents & Ace*? 



334 TBANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

1. We went in the above mention'd Comittee, and read J? Cal- 
well's letter of 26 Jan7 (see Fol. [294]) but defer'd coming to any 
resolution thereon, till M? Carteret & L* Horton should be discoursed 
with. 

2. Read Mf Tho. Hawkins letter of 21 Oct 1 ? & his Appeal (see 
fol. [265]) : Read also Fra. Moore & Samuel Perkins letter to the Trus- 
tees, giving Ace! of their flinging up their Offices, and exposing the 
case of the suit between M. r Hawkins & Allen, dat. 29 Dec. 1740 

3. Agreed that Fra. Moore Recorder of Frederica is no Magistrate 
as he supposes himself to be. 

4. Agreed that M? Hawkins be informed that the Trustees receive 
no such frivilous Appeals as that sent by him, being in a cause of but 
8 shill^ 3 & sixpence value. And that he is blamable for not having 
paid that sum to Allen, rather than suffer so slight a cause to make 
a breach between him & the people 

22 April 1741. Mr Carteret a Landholder of 500 Acres in the 
Southern Division of Georgia, who left Frederica in Feb? last, & em- 
barked at Charlestown the 4 March, arrived a few days ago with let- 
ters from Col. Oglethorpe to the Ministry, the D. of Arguile, L? Car- 
teret, Col. Cecil, L? Islay, the Trustees & me. This day he visited 
me, and among diverse other things acquainted me 

1. That he left Col. Oglethorpe in an ill state of health, not able 
for some months to stir out of his chamber, or attend to business, and 
he beleived would gladly be eased of the burthen of taking care of 
the Civil concernes of the Colony. 

2. That the people of Frederica had the impudence to curse him as 
they past under his window. 

3. That L! Col. Cook & he were at variance, because he would 
oblige the L! Col. to pay the soldiers their off reckonings weekly as the 
Act of Parliam! requires, which he only does once in 2 or 3 months. 

4. That the L! Col. being quarter'd at S* Simons with part of the 
Regiment flatly refuses to obey Orders sent to him by Col. Oglethorpe 
at Frederica. 

5. That another cause of difference is, that the L! Col. practices 
the part of Sutler to the soldiers as L* Col. Cochran did before him. 

That the L! Col. writes injurious things of the Col' into England. 

7. That in Carolina they cannot hear the name of Col. Oglethorpe, 
but they fall into such a rage as sets the very dogs a barking. 

8. That Frederica Fort contains about 200 Men in garison, but is 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 335 

ill mounted with Canon, and the works making round it by Col. Ogle- 
thorpe & which are design'd to inclose the whole Town, are poor and 
unfinish'd. 

9. That his Orders from Col. Oglethorpe were to sollicite the Gov- 
erment to allow him 2 troops of Rangers, and Marines to man boats 
to prevent the Spaniards from making attempts on the Colony. 

10. That till Augustine is ours, there can be no safety in allowing 
Negroes in the Colony, but afterwards there will be no danger. 

11. That the people are in general idle, but the Colony would flour- 
ish were they the least industrious, for there are none but may find 
subsistance if they will labour provision being cheap. They were in- 
dustrious at first, But they fell unaccountably off, and of late none 
have cultivated or planted Mulberry trees, except a few in Mf Haw- 
kins garden : the best reason he could give for this was the ill impres- 
sions made on them by the Scotch Club at Savannah, and the disgust 
they took at the streightness of their tenures 

12. That he beleived the enlargement of their Tenures (which he 
was inform'd of since his arrival) would give a new life to cultivation, 
being in his own judgment sufficient to satisfy reasonable people. 

13. That the Encouragment formerly given of 2 shillings bounty 
on every bushel of corn sow'd in the Province had a good effect, and 
M? Patrick Houston a quiet modest Landholder had received for his 
share of the bounty 75o£, others more or less in proportion, but some 
had gone without the reward, the Trustees money not holding out. 

14. That some had planted grapes but left off, finding the grape 
small and unprofitable, and he had tasted the wine made at Savannah 
which Col. Stephens carry'd from thence to Col. Oglethorpe, which 
was sad stuff, and bitter, rather the juice of the stalk than of the 
grape. 

15. That what ever we have heard, Kum is as comonly drunk at 
Frederica as at Savannah. 

16. That he left more Freeholders at Frederica than is pretended 

17. That several have stocks of Cattel, and M r . s Hawkins sold the 
milk her cows gave at 4 pence a quart. That they have also hogs, 
fowls &c but the soldiers wantonly kill'd the hoggs. 

18. That chickens are bought for 9 pence 
Indian corn at 9 pence a busheil 

Madera wine at 1Q£ a pipe, or 8<£ a hogshead, which is 8 pence a 
quart, but the taverns sell the quart for 14 pence. 

19.. That Patrick Howstown keeps his plantation of 500 acres in 



336 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

the Northern Division, but when he went down to Frederica, the 2 
servants he left to take care of it sold off his Cattel, hoggs & poultry 
unknown to him & contrary to his orders. That he is an honest man, 
and of tolerable Sense. 

20. That Ml Logie now come with him a passenger, formerly L? to 
Cap* Townsend sounded the whole Coast of Georgia, and has presented 
the Admiralty with a Map thereof ; that he told him he would under- 
take to carry 40 gun ships into Jekyl harbour at ordinary Tides. That 
the Worm is in that harbour. 

21. That the Bailifs of Frederica being mean people, & quite un- 
qualified for their Offices, are contemn'd by the Inhabitants, who want 
a strict hand over them. 

22. That he knew none qualified for those Offices: Our resolution 
of appointing Presidents & Assistants superiour to the Bailifs he ap- 
proved, but thought we should not be able to find fit persons. 

23. That Fra. Moore late Recorder of Frederica is an ill man, fills 
the peoples minds with discontent, and is ungratefull to his Master 
Col. Oglethorpe. That at his coming away he would have had him 
bring a letter from him full of complaints against the CoH calling him 
a Tirant &c but he told him he ought to have his head broke for offer- 
ing to make him the Conveyer of such scandal. 

24. That Perkins 2? Bailif, a passionate weak Man, resign'd at 
Moores persuasion. That this Perkins owes 600<£ to storekeepers & 
others, and yet his wife must go in silk. 

25. That Will. Davison, a Constable of Frederica is very indus- 
trious : he keeps an Ale house, and has a lot about 6 or 7 miles out of 
town which he cultivates. That he has 20 head of Cattle, servants, 2 
or 3 Carts, 8 horses, and his house in Frederica well built of brick. 

26. That MF Tho. Jones and Mr Tho. Hawkins were fallen out, 
Mr Jones not allowing his full demands on ballance. 

27. That M 1 . Mariot lately made Bailif in Perkins room is good 
natur'd and writes well, but is not above 20 years old. 

28. That M? Norris the Minister at Frederica dos not answer to 
good opinion conceived of him at first, is unacquainted with the world, 
dogged, sour, captious, and disagreable to Col. Oglethorpe & the 
Officers. That he is uneasie a house is not built for him, neither ser- 
vants allow'd by Col. Oglethorpe for cultivating the 300 Acres ap- 
pointed for the Minister under the head of Religious Uses, both which 
were provided for in our Estimate of the Colonies expences. 

29. That MT Macloud the Scotch Minister at Darien is as uneasie 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 337 

as any, & sold off his Cattel for fresh meat to Frederica and the Army : 
& was fallen out with Col. Oglethorpe, because he put a stop to that 
practice, by laying his hands on the money paid for the Cattle so 
slaughterd & sold, which ought to go towards repayment of the 200<£ 
advanc'd in Cattle to the Darien people by the Trustees, and was lent 
them to stock their grounds : but if instead of continuing the breed, 
they sold off their stock (which look'd as if they design'd to quit the 
Province) the Colonel said the money arising from such sale, should 
go to reimburse the Trustees the 200 £ due to them. This just pro- 
ceeding of the Colonels, put a stop to that practice. 

30. That M* Benjamin Mackintosh of Darien is uneasie also, & 
makes mischief there, but he had not poison'd many, the generality 
of the remaining Inhabitants of that town being quietly disposed. The 
reason of this Mans uneasiness is that John Moor Mackintosh (now 
prisoner at the Havannah) was at Cap! Hugh Mackay's recomenda- 
tion, prefer'd to him by Col. Oglethorpe in the chief care of that town 
& in the Overseership of the Trust servants. 

31. That Will. Addison & his family went from Frederica much 
discouraged, that after his lot was given him, Col. Oglethorpe took 
it from him for the use of the Trust, because good clay was found 
upon it. 

31. That Levally junT shoemaker who with his family left Freder- 
ica to settle at Port Royal in Carolina, found not the work he ex- 
pected, being employed only in making shoes for Negroes, and told 
him he would return to Frederica only for shame of being laugh'd 
at. 

32. That Faulcon & his son had long talk'd of leaving Frederica, 
before they put it in execution. 

33. That none who desire to go away are refused by Col. Ogle- 
thorpe, provided they take out a Pass or Permit, and first pay their 
debts, or agree with their Creditors. 

34. That all the Jews except One had left the Colony, which he 
heard was owing to a report that the Inquisition of Portugal had been 
orderd not to disturb them : and they were supposed to be returning 
thither. 

35. That the people admire why the best peices of land are kept 
for the Trustees use by Col. Oglethorpe, who gives that answer al- 
ways, when any person desires to take such land as is better than 
ordinary. That this had been his own case. 

36. That Col. Stephens is a very excellent Man. 

43 



338 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

37. That MT Hen. Parker 1. Bailif of Savanah is a sensible Man & 
has parts & resolution enough for his Office. 

38. That J? Brownfeild the Register, is from a Methodist turn'd 
Anabaptist being converted by a shoemaker of that persuasion whom 
he keeps in his house. That he is fallen out with M 1 . Whitfeild, and 
tis beleived had flung up being Factor to Mess r . s Pytt and Tuckwell. 
That when any person comes to his store to buy, he falls on his knees 
to pray, & detains them till his prayers are over. 

39. That M? Whitfeild had done much mischief in the Colony, and 
his Orphan house was not near finish'd, tho he had taken the Orphans 

in. 

24. April. 37. [Present,] Egmont, Smith Sam. 

A Comittee of Correspondence was sumon'd. 

1. We were but 2 Trustees, but regularly should have been three : 
However as we were much prest in time, the ship which was to carry 
our letters to America sailing next monday morning (and this was 
f ryday) we t prepared divers letters to be ready by that time. viz. 

Answers to W J? Pye 

to Col. Stephens 
to Col. Oglethorpe 
to M T . Tho. Hawkins 
to the Rev? M? Bolzius 
to Fra. Moore. 

2. M 1 . Grey a Scotch gentleman, recomended by Cap* Hugh Mac- 
kay, attended to know our pleasure concerning the bringing 40 High- 
lands to embark for Georgia. He said it would cost us 50£ to engage 
that number & cloath them : 6 pence a day to maintain them till put 
on board a vessel to bring them down to Gravesend : 20 shillings a 
head to the skipper for their passage from Scotland thither, and 6 
pence a head subsistence till Cap* Thompson (who by July next is 
expected back from Georgia) should take them on board for Georgia. 
He said they could not well be procured to be at Gravesend till July, 
and for a gratuity of 30 £ he would conduct them to Georgia, it being 
necessary that some Conductor should go with them, otherwise they 
might mutiny, neither do they speak English. That if he went, he 
should expect the Trustees would pay his passage going and returning, 
and give him each time 4,£ for conveniencies in his passage, and at his 
arrival in Georgia allow him a grant of 500 acres if he should chuse 
to remain there, and in that case to order payment of the 30<£ there, 
otherwise at his return to pay it him here. 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 339 

I told him I would represent his proposal to the board when next 
there should be one. 

25 April 38. [Present,] Egniont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., C. C, Anderson 

Ad?, T. 

A Comittee was sumon'd to seal and cancel sola bills and for other 
matters 

1. We seal'd 2000^£ of sola bills to be sent next monday to Georgia 

2. Agreed with M? Grey upon the terms proposed by him for en- 
gaging 25 highland men & 15 highland women to be carry'd to Geor- 
gia : And gave him a paper of the encouragements they are to receive 
at their arrival in Georgia where they are to be settled Freeholders at 
Darien. 

1. 27. April 1741. This morning One Theary al! Terry a French- 
man by extraction but who has been 16 years in England, came to 
me, recomended by M? Carteret to be sent over to the Office of Re- 
corder at Frederica. He had been House Steward to S? Gustavus 
Humes till he died, as also to L? Chetwynd till he died, & seem'd to 
me a sober intelligent person. He told me he had of himself a mind 
to go to Georgia, & was encouraged therein byM? Carteret : but hoped 
he might enjoy some character and stipend for his services. 

I reply'd MT Carteret had given me a good Account of him, that we 
had the Office of Recorder at Frederica to dispose of, but the sallary 
was only 20 £ a year, w c . h I fear'd he would think too little. 

He said if therewith he might have the allowance for a servant 
which is 12.3.4 more, and could be assured that upon his good be- 
haviour he should succeed l 8 .' Bailif of Frederica in case of death, 
removal or quittance of MT Tho. Hawkins, he would accept the Re- 
cordership. 

I reply'd I would acquaint the gentlemen there with when we should 
be a board of Comon Council, which I fear'd would not be for some 
months, by reason every one was going or gone out of town : but I 
gave him one caution not to think the Trustees had invited or encour- 
aged him to go, that if he found not the Country so agreable to him 
as he expected, he might not accuse the Trustees of betraying him by 
false representations to take a voyage there. 

Col. Stephens journal continued 

1. April 30. 1741. A promise of great encrease in the silk affair : 



340 TRANSACTIONS OF THE ' [April, 

more worms fed at Camuse's than hitherto, and 4 or 5 families giving 
themselves to it. 

2. Good improvment made in propagating vines : James Bailleu 
the most forward therein, but Abr. Delyon the jew, neglects his Vin- 
yard & is going from the Colony. 

3. May 2? Assistance given Camuse, & conveniences found her 
for carrying on the silk : 

4. ... 4* Some women of Savanah deserters to New York re- 
turn'd. 

5. ... 5. That he had received the Cask of Vine cuttings I sent 
him from Charlton : but knew not who sent them : he supposed his 
son. he planted them yf 1^ 

6. ... 6. That Ja. Campbel prison keeper had in a pet flung up 
his place, tho a sallary of 20,£ a year was annex'd to it. 

7. ... 8 That 300 Cocons or silk balls weigh a pound, and the 
number surprised him, that were brought in for the premium, and all 
over in 6 weeks. That a 2? crop is expected in Sumer : that M r . s Ca- 
muses balls alone weighd 140 pound, that already 400<£ are come in, 
& twas beleived the whole would be 600 £. That the Magistrates are 
looking out for apprentices to learn to wind the silk. 

8. ... 10 That Ja. Campbel who officiated in Church for want of 
a Minister, was turnd dissenter, and very much lessend the number 
that attended publick service by the choice of the sermons he read. 

9. ... 11. No Corn or meat being to be got, a necessity arose to 
disobey our orders not to keep a publick store, and 2 new York Car- 
goes are bought to supply them with bisket and flower. 

10. ... 13. That he had received M r . Verelts letter of 9^ feb? be- 
leives the most prejudiced opposers cannot impeach the least tittle of 
his representation of the Colony given upon Oath in Court. 

11. May 8. 1741 M?. Fallowfeild represents to the Trustees the 
case of Cap* Patrick Mackay's refusal to suffer him to examine and 
search his ship, and desires their Instructions what to do therein. 
Represents likewise the damage to Georgia if the north side of Sa- 
vanah river be excluded out of the Province of Georgia. 

12. 28 April 1741 Col. Oglethorpe wrote to the Trustees as fol- 
lows : 

(1.) The number of Freeholders at Frederica. That he had fill'd 
up the Lots of Freeholders who deserted, by others, in order to keep 
up the Guard duty, and Improvments. 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 341 

(2.) That he had still an opinion that the Colony was likelyer to 
succeed than ever notwithstanding the malice of the Carolinians fo- 
mented by the Spaniards, and the idleness, wickedness & folly of the 
Inhabitants. 

(3.) That hitherto there has been about 150 acres at Frederica 
planted, besides 40 acres of clear meadow enclosed for hay, besides 
Teams of Oxen horses &c. 

(4.) That the greatest service can be done is to send over marry'd 
Recruits with industrious wives. To send the Germans from Rotter- 
dam to Frederica directly : to defend the Place by boats man'd w*. 11 100 
Men, by a highland companjr for the Woods, by 2 troops of Rangers 
for the In-land Country : by keeping a sloop for the coast, by support- 
ing the Indians as usual, and by making no Innovations by new Or- 
ders or laws, or by explanation of Old Ones. 

(5.) That there is occasion for schoolmasters at Frederica & Darien, 
& a sober Minister. 

NB. this letter arrived 28 Sept. 1741. 

1. 1 May 1741 Examinations concerning MT Norris's getting his 
Maid w*? 1 child. 

Rec* at the Office 28 Sept. following. 

2. 4 May 1741 Sain! Perkins late Bailif of Frederica wrote to the 
Trustees from Frederica that Col. Oglethorpe's oppressions (of which 
he gives many particulars) obliged him to go speedily out of the Col- 
ony : he also set forth his losses, & a state of his ace* with the Trus- 
tees : all in respectf ull terms. 

Rec? 28 Sept. 1741. 

3. 6 May 1741 Col. Oglethorpe Mt Verelts a list of the Widows 
at Darien, and desired Mf Mackay might have his pay as Ranger, 
Overseer of the Works at S! Andrews Fort & comander of the gari- 
sion there in 1737. 

He also desired Mr Hawkins Ace! & demand might be paid 
Rec<* 28 Sept. 1741. 

4. 6 May 1741 a List of the Inhabitants of Darien on this day, 
in number 86. Rec d . 28 Sept 1741 

5. 20 May 1741 (1.) Letter from Fra. Moore of Frederica late 
Recorder, to M? Verelts, acknowledging the recp* of the Impartial En- 
quiry sent him 9 feb. 1740/1, and declaring the same to be full of 
plain truths, also giving his opinion against having Negroes. 

(2.) He sets forth his considerable Improvments, and desires the 



342 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [May, 

pay of a Recorder from 30 March 1736 when that Employment was 
confer'd on him to Michlemass 1739 when the Trustees Estimate took 
place. Also to be repaid 5.2.8 paid by him to one Alex. Macgruer a 
Tr. serv* slayn at Moosa. 

Rec* 28 Sept. 1741. 

6. 28 May 1741 Letter from J? Brownfeild, excusing his neglect 
of his Office of Register on Ace? of Sickness, and declaring he had 
surrenderd his Office. 

Rec* 28 Sept. 1741. 

Col. Stephens journal continued. 

1. May 15 Sam! Perkins late Bailif of Frederica, passes through 
Savanah for Charlestown where he designs to set up his trade of 

Coachmaker. 

2. ... 16 M r . s Camuche gives out she will go to England to ob- 
tain further encouragement to wind the Georgia silk, or otherwise will 
quit the business 

3. ... 17 Cap? Will. Thompson arrives at Savanah from Fred- 
erica after long expectation. 

4. That Cap* Norbury was kill'd in duel by Cap* Debrisey. 

5. ... 19 Patrick Graham Surgeon injur'd by M? Tho. Jones in 
not certifying his demand on the Trust for the care of the soldiers 
that went over with L* Col. Cochran : but the same afterwards al- 
low'd to be a just demand. 

6. ... 21 That all the land design'd by him to be clear'd this 
year, is well fill'd with Corn, pease, potatoes, pumpions, water and 
Mush melons &c but he is in great anxiety how to get servants to pur- 
sue his cultivations, the time of the present expiring in a few months. 

7. ... 22 That our letters to him dat. in feb? arrived this day, as 
also that of the 17 dec b . r 

8. ... 24 That Ja. Cambell reads foolish dry discourses after 
the publick prayers. 

9. ... 25 That Robert and Ja. Williams arrived this day from S* 
Kitts with a sloop of their own laden with Sugar Molossus and Rum. 
That Robert designd to settle a family on his land to prevent his farm 
from going to ruin. 

10. ... 26. That he had bought Molossus & Sugar of Rob* Wil- 
liams. 

That Rob* Williams proffest himself ashamed of the Malecontents 
proceedings and personal abuses cast on Col. Stephens : that he was 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 343 

against an absolute power of buying and selling land as the people 
pleased, and would have opposed that part of the Counter-Represen- 
tation had he been present : That the utmost he desired was a security 
of his Title & possession, & to leave it to what friend he pleased at his 
death, and a few Negroes, which last he doubted if safe to grant dur- 
ing the War with the Spaniards. 

11. ... 28 Andrew Duchee reported to make China ware, as 
Cupps & basons transparent, but too much given to political schemes 
of forming Colonys. 

12. ... 29 Cap* Dunbar watchfull over an Agent for the Indian 
trade sent from Carolina among the Creek Indians. 

13. The Indians at present very well disposed to the English, and 
very much molest the Spaniards & their Indians in Florida. 

14. ... 30 His vines tho planted late promise well, and he hopes 
next year to make wine and have a vinyard. 

15. June 1 That Cap! Carr was arrived at Frederica with a com- 
pleat Marine Company raised by Col. Oglethorpes order in Maryland. 

16. ... 2 That M? : Macleod Minister at Darien having forsaken 
the place was this day arrived at Savannah, and become a Whitfeild- 
ite. 

17. That M? Barber the dissenting teacher at the Orphan house 
preached this day a wretched sermon at Savanah. 

18. ... 3 That Cap! Dunbar lay dangerously ill at Augusta. 

19. ... 4 That Duchee the Potter, had desired a fresh note of the 
parcells of China ware Lady Egmont had wrote for, having as he says 
brought his ware to perfection, and designing to make the things de- 
sired by her. 

That Isaac Young was return'd with a 2? parcell of horses & Colts 
bought for Rangers by Col. Oglethorpes order. 

20. ... 5 That-Tho. Sumner was come from Frederica to set about 
repairing the light house at Tybee. 

21. That a famous Creek Warriour call'd the Wolf, was come 
to Savanah in his way to Col. Oglethorpe, and gave assurances of 
friendship. 

18 May 39. [Present,] Egmont, Smith Saml, Lapotre Hen., C. C. 
1. This day (I being confin'd by a disorder in my foot) A Comittee 
met to put in order the resolutions taken and Powers given for ap- 
pointing Presidents over the Two Counties of Savannah, we made by 
MF Ayers advice some alterations therein, which he thought (as a Law- 



344 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [May, 

yer) absolutly necessary, and did beleive we were sufficiently author- 
ised to do so, by the order of the Comon Council above mentioned, 
dat. 20 April last : but refer'd the final determination to another meet- 
ing of Trustees, 25*? 1 ins! 

25 May 40. [Present,] Ayers Rob?, P., Bathurst Hen., Egmont, Lapotre Hen., 
Smith Sam., C. C, Percival Phil., T. 

A Comittee & Trustee board was sumon'd to peruse the draft of the 
Constitution for a President & 4 Assistants at Savanah, and the drafts 
of the Instructions prepared & ranged under general, Publick, & pri- 
vate Ones. 

1. We went through the business for which we were summon'd, and 
order'd the same to be wrote fair, in order for the seal to be put to 
them. 

2. Mf Bosci an Italian Franciscan Fryar who turnd Protestant 
about 3 years ago, offer'd himself to go with his wife & child, to Geor- 
gia, to be Minister at Savannah. He produced good Testimonials, and 
his accent in the English tongue was tolerable ; But the majority of 
the board thought it not prudent to send him, he having been so lately 
a Convert, & not changing his Religion until the week after the Lady 
Hales of Kent died whose domestick Priest he was, which made it 
suspicious that he only changed for want of maintenance his Patron 
being gone ; should he not be sincere, they thought he might be cor- 
rupted by the Spaniards & a spie for them. 

1. The same day L* Horton (lately made Cap* of the Grenadier 
Company intended to be added to Col. Oglethorpes Regimt ) came to 
take leave of us for a time being to go into the Country : We shew'd 
him Cap* Avery's proposall to settle in Georgia (see fol. [305]. 12.) 
He said he knew the gentleman, and that he had skill & understanding 
sufficient, but not substance to carry on such an Undertaking. That 
we might grant his desire to make use of the Trustees timber with out 
incurring any difficulty to find land for new comers, if we gave him a 
narrow slip in breadth to the River Savanah and ran his land up far 
into the Country backwards. 

2. Upon reading the late Remonstrance from Savanah (see Fol. 
[269.] 1) he said the subscribers thereto had asserted falsly that 9 
parts in ten of the land is bad, there not being above two thirds : and 
that which being Pyne barren they call bad is necessary to make part 
of their farms, for pasture to their Cattel. 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 345 

3. That as to another part of their Complaint, that M* Tho. Jones 
oppresses the Inhabitants by means of being at one & the same time 
a Magistrate, & Cashier, & keeping a store, the thing might be true, 
for thd we had order'd all our payments to be made in money, he as 
Cashier paid the people in goods, which often were not wanted, & was 
very discouraging : Also having the use of the Trustees store house, 
and of their servants, he was enabled to undersell all other private 
stores. 

4. That it was a great Error in our charter to confine our grants to 
no more than 500 acres, which will not keep above 20 head of Cattel : 
but we still had it in our power to lease out a greater quantity. 

5. That M? Tho. Hawkins had wrote to him, that he was desirous 
to joyn with some other person, each to advance 50 £> for raising a 
Vinyard at Frederica : 

He (the Cap') therefore proposed that a Vinyard of 5 Acres might 
be raised, & for encouragement that the Trustees should advance one 
hundred pound, upon good security to be repaid, or to be possess'd of 
the Vinyard in case the money should not be repay'd. 

6. He said MF Hawkins is the most industrious Improver in the 
Province. 

7. He repeated for a truth what he before had told us, that when he 
came away the Inhabitants of Frederica left it entirely to him to pro- 
cure such advantages for them as would content them, saying he knew 
their "Wants: And he concluded w*? 1 assuring us that we had granted 
more than he expected. 

1 June. 41. [Present,] Bathurst Hen., Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam', C. C. 

1. This day a Trustee Board met to seal the new Constitution for 
Savannah, together with the Publick and private Instructions to Col. 
Stephens, pursuant to an Order of Comon Council 20 April 1741. 

2. Seal'd also the Appointment of John Pye to be Recorder of Sa- 
vanah pursuant to an Order of Comon Council 21 July 1740. 

Col. Will. Stephens is appointed Presid* of Savannah Province, and 
to have 4 Assistants, viz. The 3 Bailifs Hen. Parker, Tho. Jones, & 
John Fallowfeild, & Sam* Mercer, and John Pye is appointed their 
Clerk. 

Col. Stephens journal continued. 

1. June 5 That M? Norris was arrived this day at Savanah from 
Frederica, in his return to England. 

44 



346 



TRANSACTIONS OF THE 



[June, 



Col. Stephens shock'd by a suspicion he imagines con- 
ceived of him as if he might have embezled the books of 
the Public library. 

June 1741. arrived an Affidavit made so long ago as 22. Aug 3 .* 
1739 by One Laurence Rice, of a base oppression of him by Tho. 
Jones the Bailif of Savanah in procuring to himself by artifice an 
abatement in the payment of a small sum of money due from the 
Trust to said Rice. See it at length in my 6 4 ! 1 Vol. of letters from 
Georgia. 



The Cofhon Councils held this year were 13. The Trustee Boards 25. And the Com- 
mittees 10. And the Number of times Persons in the Trust attended Sumons was as 
follows : 

COMON COUNCIL MEN. 



Ayers Rob' 


13 


Holland Rogers 


3 




Archer Tho. 


6 


Lapotre Hen. 


31 




Hen. 


12 


LaRoche J? 


14 




Bathurst Hen. 


7 Elected 19 March 


Oglethorpe Ja. 









1740-1 


Page John 







Beauclerc L? Sidney 


8 


Shaftsbury 


20 




Chandler Ri. 





Sloper Will. 


2 


he resignd 20 


Digby Edw? 


15 






feb? 1741/2 


Egniont 


39 


Smith Sam. 


36 


Eyles Fra. 


5 


L? Tirconnel 


12 




Frederick Tho. 


deceased 21 Aug. 


Towers Tho. 


13 






1740 




g 




John 


6 Elected 19 March 


Tracy Rob? 


20 






1740-1 


Vernon Ja. 


32 




Hales Stephen 


6 









TRUSTEES ONLY. 



Anderson Ad" 


10 


Moore Rob? 





Bedford Arth! 


1 


Heathcote Sr Will. B 


10 


Belitha Will 


o 


Crn Alrl nt 


4 


Bouverie Sf Jacob. B' 





Hucks Rob? 





Burgoign Sf Rogf B? 





Percival Philip 


4 El. March 1740-1 


Burton J? A. M. 


3 


Philips Sf Erasmus B? 





L? Carpenter 


1 


U Talbot 





Coop Rich? 





Rundal Tho. Bi. of 




Coram Tho. 


2 


Derry 





Gonson Sr J? K! 


deceas'dl743 /4 
2 


Tyrer Geo. Aid" 





Gough ffi Hen. BJ 


White J? 





Hanbury Will. 





Woolaston Will. 










Fra 


o 









1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 347 

Persons sent over this year on the poor Account. 

October 1740 by Cap' Will. Thompson of the Georgia packet. English . . 3 
Feb? 1 740 / 1 By Cap' Surry of the Carolina Foreigners . 3 

6 
Whereby the whole number sent to Georgia on the charity amount to 1527 
whereof Foreigners 609 & British 918. Males 961 & Females 566. 

ABSTRACT OF THE 9 T . H [YEARS] ACC? OF RECEIPTS AND DISBURS- 
MENTS, FROM 9 T . H JUNE 1740 TO 9 JUNE 1741. 

CHARGE. 

The Ballance of last years Ace 1 , end 9 . 9 June 1740 viz. 

For establishing the Colony, depend? on sev! persons in 

America 7138.14. 1\ 

For the building of Churches dependF on d? . . . 371.15. 
For Religious uses of the Colony depend? on d° . . . 190. 0. 

£7700. 9. 1\ 

Money remaining in England 9. June 1740 viz. 

To answer Sola Bills sent to Georgia & issuable there . 3151. 0. 
To be apply'd in England for establishing the Colony . . 2550. 2. 4| 

5701. 2. 4| 

For the Religious uses of the Colon?, viz. 

Appropriated to the building Churches .... 184.15. 
Appropriated to the use of Missioners & Schools . . 13.10. 2\ 
Appropriated to Religious uses in general, as books, culti- 
vating land for Ministers maintenance, and Catechist . 20. 0. 

218. 5. 2J 
Total of ballance 13619.17.2^ 

Moneys received in in England within the time of this Ace*. 

From the Parliament for establishing the Colony 27 July 

1 740 Fees included 4000. 0. 

From Nath! Blackerby Esq 10. 0. 

For a cask of skins sold to Hen. Pomroy 3 dec br 1740 im- 
ported last May viz. 58 sound skins weighing 84 pound 
at 2 / 6 a pound and 33 damaged skins weighing 50 p? at 
l/3p pound 13.12. 6 

For Maintenance of a Catechist from D? Burton . . 10. 0. 

4033.12. 6 4033.12. 6 

Total Charge 17653. 9. 8£ 



348 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [June, 

DISCHARGE. 

Apply'd in England. 

In stationary ware and printing ...... 153. 1. 8J 

Sending 6 persons to Georgia, cloathing & freight . . 136. 5. &\ 
Charges of German Protestants intended to settle in Geor- 
gia 34. 7. 6 

House Rent for the Trustees Office, necessaries & utensils 131. 1. 6 

Charges of sola bills sent to Georgia 48.13.11 

Wages to Officers, Messengers & housekeeper, rewards) „„„ . „ 

for services & for extroardinary clerkship . ) 

Applyd out of the Sum 171.5.7 appropriated for build! a 
Church in Georgia 

1290.14. 3 
Applied in America. 

Charges of servants employd in cultivat? land, & other la- 
bour 

Pay of cattle drivers & preserving cattle .... 

Working tools & other necessarys deliver? in Georgia for the 
Colonys use 

Gen! work in fortifying & build? houses in the south for 

recept? of the Rgim' 544. 3. 

Repayr of Militia Arms & amunition & cloathing besides ) 
what sent from England . . ) 

Hire of pettiaguas & boats ...... 

Presents to Indians for purchassing land, & charges upon 
them . 

Releif of the sick & Widows & Orphans & for execution \ 
of justice & other charges ) 

Allowances to Magistrates & Rewards .... 

Production of Raw Silk 

-3192.11. 6J 

Depending on several persons in America. 

Moneys advanced to several in America for supplys of the 

Colony to Mich! 1739 & to defray the estimated expences 

from that time, Ace'. 8 of which are not yet returnd . 6695. 8.10 

Money advanced for building Churches to be accompted 

for 371.15. 

Money advanced for the Religious Uses of the Colony to be 

acc'? d for 190. 0. 

7257. 3.10 



150. 0. 





499. 9. 


3 


251.11. 


8 


335.14. 


H 


544. 3. 


1 


151. 9. 


H 


31.18.10 


105.16. 


8 


504. 5.1 If 


589. 9. 


8 


178.13. 


91 
5 



Expended for the Religious uses of the Colony. 

For Candles &c & for Repair of the Ministers house at Sa- 
vannah apply'd in America 17. 6.10 17. 6.10 



Total Discharge 11757.16.5^ 



1741.] 



TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 



349 



Charge . 
Discharge 

Ballance carryd to next years Ace! 



17653. 5. 



5895.13. 3\ 



Particulars of the Ba, 

Appropriated to answer sola bills 
Appropriated for the Mission 
Appropriated to Religious Uses . 
Money remaining unappropriated 



lance 



4543. 0. 
13.10. 2\ 
12.13. 2 



5895.13. 3J 



TRANSACTIONS 



THE TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA, 

From the 9th of June, 1741, to the 9th of June, 17^2 : 
being the 10th year. 



15 June 1. [Present,] Egmont, P., Lapotre Hen., LaRoche J°, Smith Sam!, C. C. 
A Trustee Board was summon'd to order a Memorial to the Treas- 
ury, for the issuing the 10000£ granted in the last Session of Parlia- 
ment. 

1. We read the above Memorial, and order'd the Secret? to sign it 

2. A letter to the Trustees from M? Sam? Auspurger of Frederica 
was read, dat. from Beam in Switzerland, 1 May 1741, wherein he 
thank'd us for prolonging the term of his absence from the Colony, 
and desired we would order payment to Heinrich Myerhover and 
other Germans who had work'd for the Trust the space of 2 years be- 
fore November 1738, Col. Oglethorpe having declined to pay them. 

We order'd a copy of this application to be sent to the Comissioners 
for stating the Publick debts in Georgia, for them to make a report 
thereon to the Trustees, and that M? Auspurger be acquainted there- 
with. 

3. As a Coinittee of Embarkation, we order'd that 300 Mens shoes 
and 200 worn ens should be bespoke & sent when ready to Georgia. 

4. M? Verelts acquainted me that Jacob Rheinsberger who went in 
March last to Germany (see [Fol. 301]) furnish'd with L4 Harring- 
ton's Pass to engage 100 of his Countrymen to go to Georgia, had 
been seiz'd & cast into prison under pretence that he had counterfeited 
the said Pass, and intended to delude the people, and under Colour of 
settling them in Georgia to sell them for Slaves. He suspected one 
Oaks (or Oakly) an Officer in the Tower had a hand in this wicked 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 351 

procedure and had wrote over to such effect, and that M? Suberbuller 
a German who is endeavouring to make a settlement in New York, 
concurr'd thereto, that he might collect persons at a cheaper rate than 
he would do, in case a number disposed to leave their native Country 
should prefer to go to Georgia. 

We agreed that M? Verelts should represent this great affront done 
to his Majesties Pass, to the Secretaries Office. 

5. Ace! arrived that the Rev? M? Urlesperger of Augsburg had en- 
gaged according to the Trustees order 50 heads & f of Saltsburgers, 
and that they would set out the 20*. 11 ins? for Rotterdam in order to 
embark for England in their way for Georgia. That they made 62 
persons, whereof 18 men, 26 women, 10 boys & 8 girls. 

1. 29 June 1741 Col. Oglethorpe wrote to the Trustees concern- 
ing the Tryal of Cap? Desbrisey for killing Cap? Norbury in duel : 
that he was brought in Manslaughter, but the widow intended to ap- 
peal into England for a new Tryal, whereas all the Colonys try finally 
in criminal causes. Red 28 Sept. 1741 

2. Another letter from him of same date, that Spanish Emissarys 
stir up the discontents among the people of the Province, and put 
them on demanding Negroes, Since as many Negroes, so many Ene- 
mies in the heart of us : that another great point is to discourage the 
Planters, since if planting dont go forward, England (they believe) 
will grow tired of supporting the Colony, and then of course the Span- 
iards will gain their Ends. 

That the way to overcome all this is to persist in allowing no slaves : 
to encourage the Importation of Germans and marry'd recruits, and to 
prevail with the Gov? to answer those necessary expences of Rangers, 
sloops boats & fortifications. 

That in spight of all opposition the vinyards go on prosperously, & 
Col. Stephens would give us a full Ace? of the silk from Savafiah. 
Red 28 September 1741 

3. 9 July 1741 Mary Vandeplank Widow wrote to the Trustees, 
complaining her late husbands Ace? 8 with the stores were never yet 
settled : that his Creditors were heavy on her : that she had hopes the 
Naval Officers Place which Peter Grant took care of for her would 
have paid them, but Col. Oglethorpe soon after his arrival confer'd it 
on M? Fallowfeild, & divided the fees into 2 parts, giving to her one 
of them under the Title of Colector of the Port of Savanah, but she 
had not yet got it. Red 28 Sept. 1741 



I 



352 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

4 July 1741, William Bowler a surgeon came to Charlton, and pre- 
sented me a Memorial setting forth that he went over to Georgia in 
May 1738, and was station'd at S* Andrews on the Island Cumber- 
land, to attend 2 Companies of Gen! Oglethorpes Regiment there, 
where a party of Highlanders (mostly servants to the Trustees) had 
hitherto kept guard under the Comand of Ensign Hugh Mackay, (now 
of Col. Oglethorpes Regiment), with a Surgeon to attend them, and 
all supported by an Establishment from the Trustees. That about 20 
July 1738 those Highland servants with their Officer were sent from 
S* Andrews to Amelia to settle a plantation and guard the Inland 
passage between that Island and the Main, continuing there till some 
little time in Jan7 1739/40 when they were all recall'd and sent to 
Darien. That from the foremention'd 20 July 1738 till their removal 
to Darien he soley attended them, making journeys to visit them 
at all calls from S* Andrews to Amelia, being upwards of 30 miles, 
riding each time upwards of 30 miles besides crossing the sound, a cer- 
tificate of which service for 18 months, tho the whole time was con- 
siderably more is now in the hands of Mr Southwell Sec? of State for 
Ireland, sign'd by Ensign Hugh Mackay above mentioned who was 
the Comander of those people from first to last. That he never re- 
ceived any consideration for his trouble. That he also attended 80 
women and children belonging to the soldiers, and some of them at 
Mackays town 7 or 8 miles from the Garison at Cumberland where 
he mostly resided tho no part of his Regimental duty. That he also 
did business for the scout boats people that had the Amelia station 
before the Highland serv*. s were sent there, without receiving any 
gratuity. For all which services w c . h he hoped would appear directly 
to regard the Trustees, he hoped we would consider him. 

I told him the Trustees did not employ him, or ever heard of his 
name before : that no surgeon for S* Andrews or any other Fort is on 
our Estimate : that they who employ'd him should pay him. That 
Bailif Hawkins is the only surgeon we pay, but we consider him noth- 
ing for his service to the Regiment, the Parliam^ having taken the 
burthen of the military deffence of the Colony off our hands. That I 
fear'd the Trustees would think they could not consider him for his 
trouble, but I would lay his Memorial fairly before the board. 

I put some questions to him about the state of the Colony : He 
said, 

1. That he left it in Jan? last, at which time 2 boat loads of Inhabi- 
tants were leaving Frederica, and several belonging to Darien had 



1741. J TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 353 

done the same ; the reasons were they could not be paid, and a gen- 
eral dissatisfaction ag s * Gen? Oglethorpe. 

2. That in a very short time there will be no body left but the Reg- 
iment. 

3. That a very sober industrious Man of Darien . . . Mackintosh, 
told him the land will bear only 3 crops of Indian corn, so that he had 
left cultivation and the Province & was gone to Charlestown. 

4. That Mr. Carr who was a great Improver and had built himself 
a house and engaged servants had quitted cultivation for the same 
reason. 

5. That Gen? Oglethorpes Regiment is far from compleat. 

6. That a serj*. s guard in an out fort and 12 men had been cut off 
by the Spaniards. 

14*? 1 July 1741. The Saltsburgers we wrote for, in number, men 
women & children 61, arrived, very likely people, and of extroardinary 
good character. Of these were men 18, women 25, boys 10 girls 8, 
making by their ages 50f heads. 

20*. h July 1741 arrived a Packet from Georgia, with Col. Stephens 
journal from 4* h April last to 11 May. By this packet we learn 

1. That our promised bounty on silk balls has had a great effect 
this year, no less than 600 p? weight of balls having been brought al- 
ready for that bounty, & more still coming in, all raised in 6 weeks 
time. 

2. That Capt. Norbury (a quarrelsom drunken Officer of Ogle- 
thorpes Regiment was kill'd in duel the 10 May last. 

3. That the Spaniards had reinforced the garison of S* Augustine, 
with 800 Men, so that it now consists of 2000 Men. 

4. That the Spanish Privateers swarm on the Coast of Georgia, and 
Cap* Will. Thompson had been chased 8 hours between Frederica and 
Savannah. 

23. July 1741 Cap* Tailfer, father of Patrick Tailfer the late trou- 
blesome surgeon and Landholder at Savannah came to me at Charlton, 
to shew me the pamphlet w c . h has for some time been expected from 
Charlestown, printed there by subscription, and wrote to asperse Col. 
Oglethorpe and the Trustees, as also the Magistrates. The Authors 
are 3 late Landholders of Georgia, and the head Mutineers whilst 
there, viz. Patrick Tailfer above mention'd, David Douglass, and 

45 



354 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

Hugh Anderson, and they have the impudence to dedicate it to Col. 
Oglethorpe in a satyrical style, concluding that they shall embrace 
every opportunity of recomending him to higher Powers, who they 
are hopefull will reward his Excellency according to his MERIT. 

The Cap* told me that Douglass sent it to him with desire that he 
would cause it to be re-printed in London, & when he had by the sale 
thereof reimbursed himself, to send the overplus to Charlestown for 
the relief of the distrest Georgians deserted thither. He also wrote to 
him, that this book would be follow'd by other Copies, and by a peti- 
tion to the king in Council, and to the Parliam* 

He said he dealt with me upon honour, that he had received it but 
yesterday, and had shewn it to no man living, that he would leave it 
with me to read, and then desired I would return it, but I might shew 
it some others of the Trustees. That he had read it, and liked satyr 
in no shape, and he wonder'd that M- Douglass should enclose it to 
him, and not his son, (who had a hand in it but had wrote to him 
nothing,) Douglass being an intire stranger to him. 

I told him he should be well advised before he printed the book, for 
I doubted if it would sell. I then gave him a short account of the 
behaviour and idleness, the vanity and factiousness &c of these Scots 
men, and his son particularly, and the reasons why the Trustees would 
not allow of Negroes. I also shew'd him the alterations made in the 
peoples Tenure, the encouragement given to the Industrious &c with 
all which he exprest himself much satisfied, and said he would in due 
time reprehend his son by letter. 

The Title of the Pamphlet is this — A true and historical Narrative 
of the Colony of Georgia in America, from the first settlement thereof 
until this present Period : Containing the most authentick Facts, Mat- 
ters and Transactions therein. Together with his Majesties Charter, 
Representations of the people, letters &c. And a Dedication to his 
Excellency Gen} Oglethorpe. By Patrick Tailfer M. D. Hugh An- 
derson M. A. David Douglass and others, Landholders in Georgia, at 
present in Charles town in South Carolina. 

There are a great many true facts in it, but some which make 
against them are industriously omitted, and the whole is very partially 
drawn up. 

It is severest upon Gen* Oglethorpe whom it charges with awing 
& corrupting the people to give false representations of the Colony, 
as also with Tyrannical & arbitrary acts and speeches. It charges 
the Magistrates with seconding his views, and beggering the Inhabit- 



1741. ] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 355 

ants by keeping storehouses to enrich themselves, imprisoning and 
terrifying them : and it charges the Trustees with neglecting their 
complaints, and abridging them of their Civil Liberties. 

When they come to give the present state of the Colony, they say 

1. That Savannah 200 Lotts had been taken up, & 170 built on, 
but many of the houses are now ruinous, and not a quarter of the In- 
habitants left, most of whom are in a perishing condition. 

2. That the publick garden is a pine barren wherein it is impossible 
any thing planted can thrive. 

3. That no Church has ever been built, not withstanding the Trus- 
tees acknowledge by their publick Acts the receipt of 700£ sterl. from 
charitable persons for that use. 

4. That the logg hous or prison is the only one remaining of 5 or 
six that successivly had been built, the place of terrour, & support of 
absolute power in Georgia. 

5. That the house built by Bradley at a very great ehai'ge for the 
Trustees steward as was said, is going to ruin, for the roof being flat, 
the rains come into all parts of it. 

6. That the store house often times alter'd & mended at a very great 
charge now serves as a store for the private benefit of Col. Stephens 
and M-, Tho. Jones, who w 1 ? the Trustees money buy New York 
Cargoes and put them therein, where they are sold out by Jones by 
wholesale & retail for ready money at exorbitant rates, the people 
paying at the rate almost of Cent per Cent 

7. That the Guard house is the 3? that has been built the other 
rotting soon by mismanagement. Several flag staffs had been erected, 
one of which by report cost 50<£. 

8. That a Publick Mill for grinding corn was first erected at a con- 
siderable expence in one square of the town, but without doing the 
least service fell in 3 years. That a 2? was built at a far greater ex- 
pence but never was finish'd, & is now converted into a house to en- 
tertain the Indians. 

9. That all the wells and pumps made at a great charge were 
imediatly render'd useless, & the Inhabitants are obliged to use the 
filthy river water, to which the death of many is attributed. 

10. That the promised bounty of 2 shill. per bushel on Indian Corn, 
and 1 shill. p bushel on pease & potatoes raised in the County of Sa- 
vahah induced a few to plant, for few or none received their full 
bounty, and not many any part thereof, tho had they received it twice 
over, it would not answer the end. 



356 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

11. That several houses built by freeholders, for want of heirs male 
are fallen to the Trustees, to the prejudice of lawfull Creditors, and 
are disposed as Gen' Oglethorpe thinks proper. 

12. That the Representation from Savanah sign'd by 117 persons 9 
Dec. 1738 had been approved of by the Saltsburgers who promised to 
sign it too, but by Gen! Oglethorpes managment declined so to do : 
and that M. 1 . Boltzius their Minister has much imposed upon many 
British subjects by publishing journals and letters most inconsistent 
with truth. 

13. That the Jews offer'd to sign it, but were refused. 

14. That the people of Darien were diverted from their purpose of 
signing, by their being allow'd Cattel. 

15. That as to the desertion of the Colony, 

At Frederica about 50 houses were built, and there are not above 
120 souls in it, who are daily stealing away. 

16. That at Darien were settled upwards of 250 persons, in 1736, 
and now there are but 53 souls with 11 Trust servants listed for sol- 
diers, and stationed to prevent the Inhabitants from stealing away, 
the like care is taken at Frederica, yet they are daily contriving 
means to desert. 

17. That MT Cars & Mf Carterets plantations on the Main opposite 
to Frederica where there were 20 servants are quitted. 

18. That Ebenezar consists of about 100 persons. 

19. That Abercorn, where in 1733 there were 10 families, & others 
that afterwards joyned them is entirely deserted, & a heap of ruins. 

20. That at Josephe town 4 miles below Ebenezar on the river the 
Scots gentlemen settled there with 30 servants is entirely abandon'd. 

21. That S? Francis Bathurst's plantation a mile below, where there 
were 12 in family, is entirely deserted. 

22. That Walter Augustins Settlement a £ of a mile below where 
there were 6 in family, and the saw mill there erected at 800 £ charge 
is deserted. 

23. That Landiloe a mile below, MT Rob* William's Plantation, 
where he had 40 servants and laid out 2000<£ sterl. is abandon'd & 
uninhabited & very much decayed. 

24. That next below that is M r - Patrick Tailfers Plantation, which 
was settled but found impracticable to proceed upon by reason of the 
hardships & Restrictions in the Colony. 

25. Next that is M? Jacob Mathews Plantation (formerly Mus- 
groves) call'd the Cow pen, who lived there some time with 10 ser- 
vants : he now has only 2 or 3 to look after his Cattel. 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 357 

26. Adjoyning to this was MT Cookseys settlement of 5 in family, 
now entirely abandon'd. 

27. Next to this was Cap* Watsons Plantation with a good house, 
now in ruins. 

All these lie on the side of the River : and on the East & South- 
ward, were the Settlement of 

28. Young Emery, 29 Polhill, & 30 Warwick, all forsaken. 

31. Next on the river side is the Indian land seperated from the 
foregoing settlements by a Creek, and running all along to the town. 

32. A little below this Creek is a place call'd Irene, where M? J? 
Wesley built a pretty good house for an Indian school, but he soon 
grew weary & left it. 

33. A little below is the Indian town call'd New Yamacraw, where 
the remainder of Tomochachi's Indians reside. 

34. Five miles S. W. of Savannah on a small rise stands the vilage 
of Highgate : 12 families were settled there in 1733 mostly french : 
now reduced to 2. 

35. A mile Eastward of this is Hampstead where several German 
families were settled in 1733, and some others since ; Every One 
gone. 

36. 5 miles S. E. of Savannah is Thunderbolt where there was a 
good timber fort & 3 families with 20 families settled, now all in ruins 
& abandond. 

37. 4 miles Southward of this is the Island of Skideway, where 10 
families were settled, but now all abandon'd. 

38. A Creek divides Skideway from Tybee Island, on the S. E. 
part of which, fronting the Inlet, the light house is built. 12 families 
were settled there in 1734, now all abandon'd. 

39. 12 miles Southward of Savannah is M? Houstons plantation, 
kept with one servant. 

40. About 30 miles from that up the river Ogeechy were the set- 
tlements of Mess r ? Stirlings &c with 25 servants, they resided there, 
and at their own expence built a fort. After 3 years they were 
obliged to leave it. 

41. 20 miles above this on a high bluff on the same river stands 
Fort Arguile where 10 families were settled, now all gone. 

42. Near the mouth of Vernon River on a kind of Island (call'd 
Hope Island) are the settlements of J? Fallowfeild, Hen. Parker, & 
Noble Jones. They have made some Improvemnts there but chiefly 
MF Fallowfeild, who has a pretty convenient house and garden, with 
a considerable stock of hogs & some Cattel &c. 



358 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

43. Near adjoyning to this, on a peice of land which comands the 
Narrows (a narrow passage through which boats are obliged to pass 
and repass in going to and from the Southward) is a timber building 
call'd Jone's fort, which serves for 2 uses, to support M? Noble Jones 
who is the comander of it, and to prevent the poor people of Frederica 
from escaping to other places where they may get bread. 

44. About 3 miles S. E. of Savannah, upon Augustin Creek lies Ox- 
stead the settlement of My Thomas Causton, improved by many 
hands, & at a great charge, where he now resides with a few serv*. 3 

45. Between Oxstead & Savaiiah lies 1. Hermitage, the settlement 
of MT Hugh Anderson who had 17 in family and servants, but left the 
Colony 2. years ago on account of general hardships. 2. My Tho. 
Christies Settlement, & 6 others all now abandond. 3^ y Count Zin- 
zendorfs Settlement of Germans who are all gone to other Colonies. 

46. On the West side of Savannah lies the Township Lots of the 
Jews, all gone to other Colonies except 3 or 4. 

47. 3 miles South of Savaiiah My Will. Williamson's settlement is 
in the same condition. 

48. The Settlement belonging to the Trustees under William Brad- 
ley's care, their steward, to be cultivated & improv'd by him at their 
charge, bad upwards of 20, sometimes 30 servants employ'd on it : 
above 2000 £ was spent on it, and not as much grain raised as would 
have maintain'd the numbers employ'd on it 6 months. It now ly's 
on a par with the other Plantations. 

49. Part of the Trustees serv*. 8 were employ'd last year by MF Thomas 
Jones on a new Plantation about a mile to the southward of Savan- 
nah : they were 25 in number, and had 8d. a day, & not above 100 
bushels of corn was produced. 

50. The Orphan house about 14 miles South East of Savaiiah was 
begun March 1640, and for 6 months a hundred people men women & 
boys employ'd on it : 4000<£ has been disburs'd on it, but ever since 
My Whitfeild left Georgia the latter end of August in the same year, 
it has decay 'd apace : besides those he carry 'd to the northward with 
him at that time, a great many have since left them, & their money 
growing short, they were soon obliged to discharge most of their work- 
men : Many divisions are likewise arisen among them, so that the de- 
sign seems drawing to a period, tho at this time the house is scarcely 
half finish'd. It is built on a pine barren, low, surrounded on one 
side with a large tract of salt marsh extending to Vernon River, to 
which they have a passage by water when the Tides are up, for small 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 359 

craft ; on the other side it is surrounded with woods. They have 
clear'd about 10 acres of ground, & have built several houses & hutts : 
The frame of the Orphan house is up, the roof shingled, & the sides 
weather boarded : it is 60 feet long & 40 wide. It has 2 stories be- 
sides cellars & garrets, the cellars are of brick which serves for a foun- 
dation to the whole building. It would be a fine work when finish'd, 
but where is the fund for its support ? 

51. About 3 or 4 miles from thence on the side of Vernon river, 
Will. Stephens Esq has a plantation with 5 or 6 servants, who have 
clear'd about 7 or 8 Acres ; however if he reaps no benefit from them, 
he is at little charge to maintain them : the Trustees allow him so 
many serv*? & their maintenance. 

52. Augusta distant from Savannah 200 miles on the same side up 
the river, was founded in 1737 at a considerable charge, under the di- 
rection of Roger Lacy at that time Agent to the Cherokee Indians. 
It is principally, if not altogether inhabited by Indian Traders & 
Storekeepers, the number upwards of 30, and a considerable quantity 
of corn has been raised there, the land being good & richer than in 
the maritime parts, and their use of Negroes is connived at, they hav- 
ing upwards of 80 Negroes. 

53. To conclude, at this time (October 1740) Of about 5000 souls 
that had at various Imbarkations arrived in Georgia (exclusive of the 
Regiment) scarce as many hundreds remain, and these consist of the 
Saltsburgers at Ebenezar, who are yearly supported from Germany & 
England : the people of Frederica, who are supported by means of the 
Regiment : the poor remainder of the Darien : a few Orphans & 
others under that denomenation supported by MT Whitfeild : together 
with some dutch servants maintain'd for doing nothing by the Trus- 
tees, with 30 or 40 necessary Tools to keep the others in subjection ; 
And these make up the poor remains of the miserable Colony of Geor- 
gia. We exclude here the settlement of Augusta, it being on a quite 
different footing. 

54. As to the Climate, Seasons & Soil of the Province they give 
the following account, That the Air is generally clear, the rains being 
much shorter as well as heavyer than in England ; the Dews very 
great ; Thunder and lightning are expected almost every day in May, 
June, July, and August. During these months, from 10 in the morn- 
ing to 4 in the afternoon, the Sun is extreamly scorching, but the sea 
breeze sometimes blows from 10 till 3 or four. The Winter is nearly 
of the same length as in England, but the Mid-day sun is always 



360 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

warm, even when the Mornings and Evenings are very sharp, and 
the nights piercing cold. 

The land is of 4 sorts ; Pine barren, Oakland, Swamp, and Marsh. 

The Pine land is far the greatest extent, especially near the sea coasts. 
The soil of this is a whitish dry sand, producing shrubs of several 
sorts, & between them a harsh coarse kind of grass, which Cattle do 
not love to feed upon ; but here and there is a little of a better kind, 
especially in the Savannas (so they call the low watry meadows, 
which are usually intermixt with Pine land :) It bears naturally 2 
sorts of Fruit, Hartle berries much like those in England, and chin- 
quopin nutts, a dry nut about the size of a small Acorn. A laborious 
man may in one year clear and plant 4 or 5 Acres of this land. It will 
produce the 1. year from 2 to 4 bushels of Indian corn, and from 4 to 
8 of Indian pease, per acre : the 2? year it usually bears much about 
the same : the 3? less ; the 4* h nothing. Peaches it bears well ; like- 
wise the White Mulberry which serves to feed the silk worms ; The 
black is about the size of a black cherry, and has much the same fla- 
vour. 

The Oak land comonly lies in narrow streaks between Pine land 
and Swamps, Creeks and Rivers. The soil is a blackish sand, producing 
several kinds of Oak, Bay, Lawrell, Ash, Walnut, Sumach and Gum 
trees, a sort of Sycamore, Dog Trees, and Hickory ; in the choicest 
part of this land grow Parsimon Trees, and a few black Mulberry & 
American Cherry Trees. The comon wild grapes are of 2 sorts, both 
red : The Fox grape grows only 2 or 3 on a stalk, is thick skin'd, 
large stoned, of a harsh tast, and of the size of a small Cherry ; the 
Cluster Grape is of a harsh tast too, and about the size of a white cur- 
rant. This land requires much labour to clear, but when it is clear'd 
it will bear any grain for 3, 4, or 5 years, some times without laying 
any Manure upon it. An acre of it generally produces 10 bushells of 
Indian corn, besides 5 of pease, in a year, so that this is justly es- 
teem'd the most valuable land in the Province, White People being in- 
capable to clear and cultivate the swamp. 

A swamp is any low watry place which is cover'd with Trees or 
Canes. They are here of 3 sorts, Cypress, River and Cane swamps. 
Cypress swamps are mostly large Ponds, in and round which Cy- 
presses grow. Most River swamps are overflown on every side by the 
River w c . h runs through or near them : If they were drained they 
would produce good Rice, as would the Cane swamps also, which in 
the mean time are the best feeding for all sorts of Cattle. 



mi.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 361 

The Marshes are of 2 sorts ; Soft Wet Marsh which is all a Quag- 
mire, and absolutly good for nothing : and hard Marsh, which is a 
firm sand, but however is at some seasons good for feeding Cattle. 
Marshes of both sorts abound on the sea Islands, which are very nu- 
merous, and contain all sorts of land ; and upon these chiefly, near 
Creeks and Runs of water, Cedar Trees grow. 

54. As to the produce of the land it stands thus : 

Pine barren land, supposing one laborious Man to work upon it, he 
can manage at the utmost in one year but 5 acres, this being the Task 
required in Carolina of Negroes. Supposing no misfortune of bad 
season, or cattle breaking in, or destruction made by Ratts, squirrels, 
birds &c, then 

5 Acres of Pine barren land will produce, raised by one hand, of In- 
dian corn 20 bushels : which at 10 shillings currency p bushell amounts 
in sterling to 1. 5.0 

Of Indian Pease will be raised 40 bushels, at d? . . . . 2.10.0 



Total of I s * years produce .... 3.15.0 

The 2? year the same : the 34 less : the 4*? 1 little or nothing. 

Best Oak land 5 Acres, at 15 bushels of Corn and pease per Acre, is 
75 bushels, at d? price is sterling 4.13.9. 

Now the lowest rate of keeping a white servant is what the Trus- 
tees allow their servants viz. 8 pence a day, or 12.13.4 a year, so that 
it appears by a medium that the Expence is three times greater than 
the Produce, besides Tools, medicines & other necessaries. 

55. The Pamphlet concludes with setting forth the Real causes of 
the Ruin & Dessolation of the Colony, which briefly are as follows : 

(1.) The representing the Climate, soil &c of Georgia in false & 
flattering Colours : At least the not contradicting those Accounts 
when publickly printed and dispersed, and satisfying the World in a 
true and genuine description thereof. 

(2.) The restraining the Tenure of lands from a Fee simple to 
Tail male : cutting off daughters and all other Relations. 

(3.) The restraining the Proprietor from selling, disposing of, or 
leasing any Possession. 

(4.) The restricting too much the Extent of Possessions : it being 
impossible that 50 Acres of good land, much less Pine barren, could 
maintain a white family. 

(5.) The laying the Planter under a variety of restraints in clear- 
ing, fencing, planting &c which was impossible to be comply'd with. 

46 



362 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [July, 

(6.) The exacting a much higher Quit Rent than the Richest 
Grounds in North America can bear. 

(7.) But chiefly the denying the Use of Negroes, and persisting in 
such denyal, after by repeated Applications we had humbly remon- 
strated the impossibility of making Improvments to any advantage 
with white servants. 

(8.) The denying us the priviledge of being judged by the laws of 
our mother Country, and subjecting the lives and fortunes of all peo- 
ple in the Colony to One Person or set of men, who assumed the priv- 
iledge, under the name of a Court of Chancery, of acting according to 
their own Will & Fancy. 

(9.) General Oglethorpe's taking upon him to nominate Magistrates, 
appoint Justices of Peace, and do many other such things, without 
ever exhibiting to the People any legal Comission or Authority for so 
doing. 

(10.) The neglecting the proper Means for encouraging the silk 
manufactury and that of the Wine ; and disposing of the liberal sums 
contributed by the Publick, and by Private persons, in such ways 
and Channels as have been of little or no service to the Publick. 

(11.) The misapplying or keeping up sums of money which have 
been appointed for particular Uses, such as building a Church &c. 
Several hundreds of pounds sterl. (as we are inform' d) having been 
lodged in My Oglethorpes hands for some years by past, for that pur- 
pose, and not One stone of it yet laid. 

(12.) The assigning certain fixed Tracts of land to those who came 
to settle in the Colony, without any regard to the quality of the 
ground, Occupation, judgment, Ability, or Inclination of the settlers, 
&c. &c. &c. 

By these and many other hardships of like nature, the poor Inhab- 
itants of Georgia are scatter'd over the face of the Earth : her Plan- 
tations wild : her Towns a Desert : her Villages in Rubbish : her Im- 
provments a By Word, and her liberties a jest : An object of pity to 
Friends, and Ridicule to Enemies. 

25 July 2. [Present,] Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., Anderson Adam. 
A Trustee board met 

1. To finish the cancelling the remaining sola bills, which I had fre- 
quently prest might be done for some months past 

2. And they appointed MF Christ? Orton for Minister of Savannah 
in the room of M r - Medcalf from whom we never heard since his ac- 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 363 

ceptance of that Church nor any thing of him, so that we conclude 
him dead. This Gentleman being only in Deacons Orders, it will be 
necessary he hasten up to town to obtain Priest's Orders, and if possi- 
ble go by the next ships, Col. Stephens writing in his journal now ar- 
rived, ending 11 May, that the Inhabitants resort to the dissenting 
Preacher, left by M? Whitfeild at the Orphan house ; and that our 
Congregation daily lessens, for want of a regular Minister. 

4 Aug. 1741 M? Verelts wrote me 

1. That the Accounts of disbursments in Georgia so often wrote 
for, & so long expected, are to come by the Georgia Packet Cap* 
Thompson. 

2. That he had a letter from Cap* Thompson, dat. 9. June at Sa- 
vannah, that he is coming a Passenger by the way of Charlestown, to 
execute some particular Orders for Gen! Oglethorpe. 

3. And that his ship is loaded with lumber in Georgia for S* 
Christophers, by Rob* Williams, who is return'd thither from S* 
Christophers : and the ship comes from thence to London with 
sugars : & the Mate goes Master of her. 

4. That he had rec? a letter from M r . J? Gray dat. at Aberdeen 
the 23 July, who with 36 full heads & 9 children were to embark the 
next day. 

13. Aug. 1741 5. MT Verelts wrote me, that this morning MT J? 
Gray arrived with the Highlanders above mention'd, & that he had 
apply'd to S* William Young Sec7 at War for leave to lodge them 
in the spare Barracks at Tilbury Fort for a little time, but Sr Will 1 ? 
had not that power. 

6. That a sloop sails to Rotterdam on Tuesday next for the Swiss 
& Germans, and both ships will sail together as soon in September as 
may be, which is judged proper for the health & safety of the people. 

7. That M. T . Vernon, MTLapotre & MT Smith had agreed to do the 
business of the Embarkation, & he was preparing every thing for 
them with all possible dispatch. 

8. That yesterday the Treasury order'd him 6595.3.7 to answer 
Gen! Oglethorpe's bills drawn for the kings service : and the Chan- 
cellor of the Exchequer (Sr Rob* Walpole) made him state an Ac- 
count of all the services performed, wherein the continuance of all the 
sloops, & boats, & 2 Troops of Rangers, with a Compf of foot for boat 
service was charged as necessary, during the War. And that in stat- 



364 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [August, 

ing the Bills drawn, he had made a difference between those accepted 
& those offer'd for acceptance : which caution in him the Treasury 
was pleas'd very much to approve of, and to order them all to be ac- 
cepted & paid. 

9. I omitted to mention that on the IS* July M^ Verelts wrote me 
that on the day before the Saltsburgers arrived & he had provided 
lodging for them, that they are a very likly people & have the best 
of characters : and have the best of spirits, going to their Countrymen, 
who are the only contented people in Georgia. 

10. I also omitted to enter that on the 28 July M? Verelts wrote 
me the cancelling the sola bills was finish'd : 

21 Aug. 1741 I went to town, to enquire of M 1 . Verelts how af- 
fairs of the Colony go : he told me 

1. That a sample of silk the produce of Georgia was come to Simp- 
son Levi the jew to know the value of it in England, in order to en- 
courage the raising it in Georgia : that Cap* Gough and many others 
of the City had seen it, and account it in high esteem, and are of 
opinion, that the Colony should be duly encouraged to produce it. 

2<iiy That the Minister will be of age the 12 of next month, so as 
to be ordained Priest time enough to go with the embarkation. 

3. That he beleived MV Norris had left Georgia. 

4. That the Saltsburgers were in a terrible fear of falling into the 
Spaniards in their passage to Georgia, till he had order'd 75 Muskets 
with powder & ball suitable to be bought for them to defend them- 
selves in their ship if attack'd, 

5. Moreover that the ship they are to go in has 20 guns, is newly 
built ; Cap* Coram had been very usefull in measuring it, and he 
found it could carry 130 persons with great conveniency. 

6. We had some discourse on the approaching demand of Quitrent 
the king will make on the Inhabitants of Georgia : He told me M? ; 
Vernon and he had been considering it, and they were of opinion his 
Majesty should be apply'd to, to forgive the proportion of Quitrent 
on all the acres in every persons grant which are pine barren & con- 
sequently unprofitable, and be contented with the quitrent payable for 
only such part is is good land ; which if obtain'd, will be a great com- 
fort to the Inhabitants, and encouragement. 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 365 

28 Aug. 3. [Present,] Vernon, Smith Sam., Lapotre Hen. 

1. The Comittee of Embarkation agreed for a ship for the Salts- 
burghers & Highlanders to be sent to Georgia. The ship mounts 16 
guns is 250 Ton, and Cap? Horton sends 40 Recruits in her for Col. 
Oglethorpes Regiment. 

2. They also order'd 2000<£ sola bills to be sent for this expence. 
& their maintenance in Georgia. The Highlanders were 43 persons 
making 37 heads, viz. 16 men, 12 women, 6 boys, and 9 girls. Among 
these were 4 Cowheards, 1 Fisherman, 9 Labourers of whom 2 also 
Cowheards, 1. Taylor, and 1 Woodcutter. 

The Saltsburgers were 63 persons including MT Vigera their Con- 
ductor, making 51 heads f , viz. 20 Men, 25 women, 11 boys, and 7 
girls, among whom there were 3 Carpenters, of whom one was a 
brewer, 1 glover, 9 husbandmen of whom one also a baker and one a 
Vinedresser, 2 linnen weavers, of whom one also a gardiner, 2 lock- 
smiths, 1 Miller who is also a brewer & baker, 1 shoemaker, and 1 
surgeon. 

3? Sept b . r 1741 Arrived from Rotterdam the Germans we expected 
& wrote for in the spring. The whole are about 125 heads making 
about 172 souls, besides some others who design for Carolina at their 
own expence, as part of 125 heads do. 6 of these are said to under- 
stand the silk. 

At the same time arrived the following letters from Georgia. 

1. One from Will. Ewen, with a letter of Attorney dat. 17 April 
last for the Trustees to pay his sister in London money alledged in 
his letter to the Trustees (& by him made appear to be due to him by 
an account drawn out) to be owing him, amounting to 26.16.0. The 
particulars were 6.10.6 for services in the stores, 16.5.6 for 2 servants 
whose time he made over to Mv Tho. Jones, and 9.0.0 bounty on 90 
bushels of corn deliverd to M. T . Tho. Jones as by a certificate dat. 3 
Nov. 1739. 

(1.) In his letter he makes heavy complaints of M? Jones injustice 
to him. 

(2.) And also that Col. Stephens joyns with him in keeping a store. 

2. One from Ja. Lewis Camuse the silk man, dated the 12 June 
last, acknowledging the favour of the Trustees in ordering him pay- 
ment of 78.16.8 being the ballance of his Ace? with the stores to 29 
Sept. 1739, But demanding 71.5.3 more on various pretexts which he 
desires us to give order to be paid him. Moreover he states the an- 



366 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [September, 

nual provision & allowance which he expects shall be allow'd him, at 
116.9.11 p ann for which he says he will for the future draw on the 
Trustees quarterly 29.2. 5| resolving not to rely on those who have the 
Trust and distribution of our money in Georgia, for paying it, they 
trifling with him. 

He further desires a gratuity of 20£ for every Aprentice put to 
him (of which we order'd 4) when out of their time, a dwelling 
house to feed the silk worms conveniently in, and 20£ p ann for 
Physick and Doctors. 

3. One from Cap* Dunbar dat. at Augusta 17 June, which de- 
stroyd the report that he was dead, as was lately told us. He had 
been very ill, but is recoverd. he writes to M 1 . Verelst 

(1.) That he was sent to the Creek nation by Gen? Oglethorpe, 
whom both the French, the Spaniards, and a Carolina Agent now 
among them, endeavour to alienate from Georgia, who acts the worst 
of them all 

(2.) That Gen? Oglethorpe had drawn bills on him (Verelts) for 
1200£, and directed him to make imediate application to the Treas- 
ury for the same, and that he (Dunbar) had already issued bills for 
825 £ of that money. 

5 Sept b . r MT Verelts brought me these letters to Charlton and 
with Cap* Horton din'd with me. 

1. Among other discourse Cap* Horton told me many ill things of 
MT Tho. Jones, shewing it is not fit he should be continued in the 
Trust of our Cash, nor even in the Magistracy, having by his brutal 
behaviour made all Mankind his Enemies. 

2. He confirm'd it to be his opinion that Negroes would destroy 
the Colony if now admitted, but if they are not when a peace shall be 
settled, he beleives the Inhabitants will bring them in by force. 

Sept. 10. 4. [Present,] Ayers Rob?, Digby Edw., Egmont, Cb., Hales Steven, La- 
potre Hen., LaRocb J?, L? Sidney Beauclerc, Smitb Sam., Veron Ja., C. C, Per- 
cival Pbilip, T. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to dispatch the necessary business for 
the departure of the ships for Georgia on the 15*. h ins* ; and afterwards 
to dine together at the Horn Tavern with Gov' Glen, who is invited 
to dine with the Trustees that day, before he goes for S. Carolina, in 
order to confer with him about settling the Trade with the Indians in 
both Provinces. 



mi.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 367 

1. As a Comittee of Embarkation, the 5 first who met, viz, MT Smith, 
MT LaPotre, M 1 . LaRoch, My br. Percival & I did agree to send over 
to Georgia 97 Germans lately arrived at 6£ per head, and to give 
them the beds provided for their passage. These 97 were full heads, 
and may be about 110 souls. NB. they proved 172 Germans & 
Swiss. 

2. There came with them 33 heads more or thereabout, for whom 
the Trustees did not engage, and who brought money to pay their 
own passage, but having therewith assisted the poor people whom we 
sent for (while they were passing thro Germany to Rottei'dame) 
and their money being thereby spent, We thought it but just that the 
money they had so disburst should be repay'd them, and therefore re- 
quired they should make out an Ace! of the same, and refer'd the mat- 
ter to a Comittee to consider. 

3. Agreed that 1000<£ over and above the 2000<£ which the Com- 
mittee on 28 Aug st had agreed to, should be apply'd, for the use of 
the people now going over and to defray the estimated expences : viz. 
1500£ of the whole 3000<£ for the estimated expences, & 1500£ for 
the persons now going over, viz. Scots 40 head : Saltsburgers 54 
heads ; and Germans 97 : but the Comittee (which was now aug- 
mented by the coming in of other Members,) did not think fit to make 
provision for the maintenance of the 33 heads they sent not for, it 
being necessary to keep our Expences within bounds. 

4. We seal'd 1000 £ sola bills. 

5. The Comon Council order'd 1000,£ in full towards the charge of 
the present embarkation, and for the payment of out standing debts 
certified home for payment. 

6. James Grey having contracted with the Trustees to bring the 
Scots down to Graves End for 120<£, he appear'd & producing an 
Ace* demanded 23.0.6 more, being expences he could not avoid mak- 
ing, by reason of the extroardinary price of provisions in Scotland, & 
a longer time spent in engaging the people and bringing them down 
than was expected : The Council taking this into consideration di- 
rected paym* of his full ace* and made up the 23.0.6 25 guineas. 

7. Th6. Christie appointed Naval Officer at Savanah, he giving 
Security to the Comissioners of the Customs in England, we did 
not much like the Man from the frequent bad characters given of him 
by Col. Stephens, but we hoped that by having found a Naval Officer 
capable of giving Security to the Comissioners of the Customs in Eng- 
land, to make them more easie in allowing our Collector at Savanah 



368 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [September, 

MT J? Fallowfeild to give Security in Georgia, where he is able Only 
to give it. 

8. MT J° Theary al? Terry was appointed Record? of Frederica, & 
the Comission of Fra. Moore revoked. 

9. Mr Will. Bowler Surgeon, his letter to me was read, praying 
consideration for his services at Frederica in tending the Trust ser- 
vants : it was back'd by a certificate from Cap* Horton that he had 
tended them 18 months: The Council were of opinion to postpone the 
consideration thereof until the matter were refer'd to the report of 
Col. Stephens, and until Col. Oglethorpes certificate of his services 
should appear, which lyes in Mr Southwell's hands who is now in the 
Country. 

10. MT Christ? Orton appear'd ; he goes with this Embarkation to 
Georgia to be Minister at Savannah in the room of MT Whitfeild. He 
is at present only a Deacon but next Sunday will be ordain'd Priest 
by the Bishop of ST Davids' in S? James's Chappel. 

He seem'd a good natured harmless young Man, but always on the 
smile, as if tickled with the thoughts of being Minister of a Parish. 
I wish he may keep his Smiles when he comes there 

11. The fresh application of William Ewen & his demand on the 
Trustees was refer'd to a Comittee of Accounts. 

12. The letter of Ja. Lewis Camuse our silk man with his Ace* was 
read and refer'd likewise to a Comittee of Accounts. 

Both these speak hard things of MT Tho. Jones, and have taken on 
them to draw bills upon the Trustees for their demands : a practice of 
evil tendency, if allow'd, but occasion'd I conceive from the uncertainty 
of their being paid in Georgia, altho the Trustees have given direction 
& accordingly expect the expences in that Province should be paid by 
their Cashiers there : but we have reason to beleive their money ap- 
pointed for that purpose is apply'd by the Cashiers in furnishing a 
store kept by them, which is the reason why they do not comply with 
our directions to make money payments. 

13. At dinner Govern? Glen met us, and we debated on some gen- 
eral propositions for putting the Indian trade in Georgia on such a foot 
as may reconcile the two Provinces, and preserve that trade from fall- 
ing into the French or Spanish hands. 

The Gov? exprest himself very forward to promote a reconciliation 
between the two Provinces, and I beleive is sincere, for it is his Inter- 
est to have the friendship & good will of so considerable a bodj r of 
Gentlemen as compose the Trusteeship of Georgia, who may be use- 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 369 

full in supporting his credit in case he and the Province he is to gov- 
ern should have differences, which is not very unlikly, on many ac- 
counts. 

(1.) We agreed, that since the heads of rivers Savannah and Alla- 
tahama (which are the limits of Georgia) are not known, and conse- 
quently we cannot be certain what Indian nations do properly & soley 
belong to Georgia, that Carolina should have the licensing of one half 
of the Indian Traders, within our Province, and that to compensate 
this, the remaining half of the Traders reserv'd to be licenc'd in Geor- 
gia, should have equal liberty to trade with the Indian nations that 
live in the Province of Carolina. 

The Governor was for allowing a greater number of Traders for 
Carolina than the half, because (as he suggested) the Province of 
Georgia in its present low condition cannot furnish the half of the 
Traders we desired to reserve for Georgia, which being supposed the 
case, the Indians that were to be supply'd by us, would be obliged to 
trade with the Spaniards & French : 

To this we answer'd, that if that should happen to be the case, our 
Comissioners for licensing Traders within our Province should have 
power to admit more Carolina Traders than the half, to prevent the 
evil suggested ; but I insisted that the agreement should stand but for 
the half, and the rather, because when the Act intended to be past 
shall once take place, it will be difficult to alter it, when by the fu- 
ture flourishing state of our Colony, the reason for allowing more 
Traders of Carolina than Georgia shall cease. 

(2.) We agreed that the securities to be given by the Traders, 
should be given in their respective Provinces, and the punishment 
inflicted on Traders contravening the rules prescribed them, inflicted 
in the Provinces to which such Traders belong. 

In this manner it is possible each Province might be too indulgent 
to their own Traders, but on the other hand, the Traders if punish'd 
in different Provinces to which they belong might meet with too great 
severity & perhapps injustice. 

(3.) The Govern? proposed that the Assembly should pass an Act 
containing their sense and intentions concerning the Trade, which he 
would endeavour to make as conformable as possible to these Over- 
tures, and then he would send the same over to us, to give our sense 
upon it before he past the Act, which could take no effect without his 
consent. 

But M 1 . LaRoch and I opposed this, as to hasty & forward For this 

47 



370 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [September, 

would make the Province too tenacious of their own resolutions, and 
we should find it more difficult to make them alter such things therein 
as we should judge amiss of : nay it would put himself (the Gov?) under 
great difficulties, whom they would press to pass their Act tho ever so 
opposite to the intentions of the Trustees. That his Majesties instruc- 
tions to him and to the Trustees are the same, namely to bring about 
a mutual agreement, but this was not the way, if the Assembly be- 
fore we were agreed, should settle their own terms and actually pass 
an act whereby they would preclude themselves from making such al- 
terations as we might insist on. We therefore thought it better that 
before the Assembly proceded so far, they should confer with Col. 
Stephens who will be our Comissioner to treat with them, and then 
what should be mutually agreed on between them, might be sent to 
us to be consider 'd of. Then when we should thorowly understand 
each other, The Province might pass one Act, and the Trustees an- 
other, both in the same words, which meeting with no objection and 
being confirm'd by his Majesty, would be an entire settlement of the 
Indian Trade, and satisfactory to all parties. 

The gentlemen came into this, and the Governor also submitted 
thereto. 

1. I should before have mention'd, that in the morning, the Comon 
Council agreed to revoke the word Sole in Gen? Oglethorpes comission 
to be sole Comissioner for licencing the Indian Traders in Georgia, 
and orderd that Col. Stephens should be joyn'd with him, and a new 
Comission to issue appointing Gen} Oglethorpe and Col. Stephens or 
either of them to grant licences. 

14 Sept. 1741 The Constitution appointing Col. Stephens to be 
Comissioner for the Indian Trade in Savannah County past the seal 
this day. 

As did MT Ortons appointment to be Minister at Savannah. 

15* Septemb* 5. [Present,] Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam', Vernon Ja., C. C, Per- 

cival Phil., T. 

1. A Comittee of Embarkation went on board the Loyal Judith at 
Mill Stairs Rotherhithe to see the necessary preparations for placing 
the Saltsburgers & Scot Highlanders now going to Georgia. Cap? Le- 
man Comander. 

2. They also settled the embarkation of the Swiss & Germans who 
are to go in another ship about a week hence. 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 371 

3. M? Verelts inform'd the Comittee that he had obtain'd the Ad- 
miralties order for the Rye Man of War (which carry's over Gov? Glen 
to S. Carolina, to take care of Cap' Lemans ship. 

4. The persons to be embark'd, (and who accordingly went on board 
the 21 ins* in the Judith) were 

62 Saltsburgers, & their Conductor M? Vigera. 
43 Highlanders, two of whom speak English 
Mf Terry Record? of Frederica, w*? a Maid servant 
M? Orton, the new appointed Minister for Savannah, 
and M? Bosomworth intended Clerk to Col. Stephens. In all 109 
persons, at the Trustees expence, making 94§ heads. 

5. With them went about 50 Recruits for Gen? Oglethorpe's Regi- 
ment. 

21 Sept. 1741. The Saltsburgers embark'd on board the Loyal Ju- 
dith, Cap* J? Lemon, and were 22 Men, 25 women, 9 boys, & 6 girls : 
in all 62. 

Same day the Scotch highlanders embark'd on board the same 
ship, and were 16 Men, 17 Women, 5 boys, & 5 girls: in all 43. 

With them went M? Terry, M ( ? Bosomworth, and M? Orton y e Min- 
ister and MT Elliot nephew of M? Bosomworth, M 1 . Terrys maid serv* 

28. Sept b . r I sign'd an Impress on the Bank for 750<£ being to pay 
sola bills sent back. 

The same day M? Verelts wrote to me the case of M? VanMullern, 
who came from Germany with the Saltsburgers : The agreement of 
the Comon Council relating to those people was to pay 50 £ towards 
the expence of their passage to Rotterdam, which was comply'd with 
in payment of M? Urlespergers draft on M? Verelts for that sum, 
and the Society for propagating Christian knowledge paid the other 
50 £ as they had engaged : But this Van Mullern who was one of 
their Conductors made up the Account of that expence 149 £. Which 
exceeding the Comittee of Embarkation disallowed, and therefore is 
to fall on M 1 . Urlesperger. At the same time it was thought M? Van 
Mullern would have born the expence of his return back to Germany 
himself, for our Gentlemen had no occasion of two Conductors of the 
Saltsburgers to Georgia, M? Vigera being the other, neither did they 
expect that two would have been sent with them out of Germany, but 



372 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [September, 

it happen'd that My Vigera could not determine at first whether he 
would go, which occasion 'd My Urlesperger to engage My Van Mul- 
lern. 

Upon the Comittees denyal to pay the 49d£ exceeding (& not till 
then), M5 Van Mullern apply'd for his charges back to be allowed 
him, which occasioned My Verelt's writing to me for my advice there- 
in, and that My Lapotre was for giving him 21<£. I reply'd that not 
being of the Comittee of Embarkation before whom the case entirely 
lay, I could say nothing to it, especially as the charges of bringing 
these people had been settled by a Comon Council, and none but they 
can order the disposal of money : however if the Comittee should 
think it fitting to give that sum to My Van Mullern, I should not op- 
pose it, and I beleived the Comon Council would approve it. 

I afterwards wcs inform'd by My Verelts that the money was paid, 
and indeed it was but reasonable he should be considerd for his 
trouble, and abiding with them here ever since July last. 

28 Sept. 1741 Arrived a letter from Col. Oglethorpe to the Trus- 
tees dat. 28 April 1741. See fol. [340]. 

Also examinations ag 8 * My Norris dat. 1. May 1741. See fol. 
[341]. 

Also letter from Sam! Perkins to the Trustees dat. 4 May 1741. 
See fol. [341]. 

Also letter from Col. Oglethorp to My Verelts : See fol. [341]. 

29 Sept b . r My Verelts shipt the Swiss and Germans for Georgia, on 
board the Europa, Cap* John Wadham Coniander. Men 39, Women 
42, boys 46, girls 45 ; In all 172 persons making 125 heads. Of these 
Men 1 Bricklayer, 1 Butcher, 2 Carpenters, 2 Coopers whereof one 
also a Millwrite, 1 Drummer, 10 Farmers where of one of them a 
Vine dresser, 1 Glasier, 2 labourers, 1 Locksmith, 3 Rope makers, 1 
Schoolmaster, 2 Shoemakers, 1 Silk worker, 5 Smiths, 2 Taylors, 1 
Tinker, 2 Weavers, & 1 Woodman. Of these 9 pay their own pas- 
sage. 

NB. The ship fell down the River 5 Oct b . r and that day we also sent 
on board Andrew Salice and his son and daughter, formerly a Grison 
servant who had left the Colony on the expiration of his service, but 
desired to return again. They go in the Europa Cap! J? Wadham 
Coniander. 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 373 

2 Octob? 1741 Cap? Thompson arrived in London from South Car- 
olina, & brought a large packet with him, viz. 

1. Col. Stephen's journal from 13 May to 12 July, w^ his letters of 
24 June & 13 July 

2. copy of proceedings relating to a Negro seiz'd in Georgia dat. 
30 March. See fol. [322]. 

3. 4 letters from Col. Oglethorpe to the Trustees, dat. 28 April, 
4*. h May : & 2 dat. 29 1 * June. 

4. 3 Affidavits ag s * M? Norris our Minister at Frederica for getting 
his Maid with child, dat. 1 May. 

5. Letter from Sam! Perkins, late Magistrate at Frederica giving 
his reasons for quitting the Colony to settle at Charlestown. dat. 4. 
May and directed to the Trustees. 

6. A List of the Widows and Orphans at Darien in June last 

7. A list of all the Inhabitants at Darien, same time, in N? 86. 

8. A Receipt of pay of Highland Rangers 

9. Ace*? of the Court proceedings relating to Cap? Norbury's being 
kill'd in a duel by Cap? Debrisay 11 May, which last was brought in 
Man-slaughter, dat. 1 and 24. June. 

10. Letter from J? Bromfeild Register of Georgia to the Trustees 
excusing his not sending An Account of the Grants as frequently en- 
joyn'd him, & by him promised, but now saying nothing of any inten- 
tion to perform his duty. dat. 18 May. 

11. Letter from Fra. Moore late Recorder of Frederica, desiring to 
be paid for 3 years service to Mich? 1739, as also 5.2.8 advane'd by 
him to Alex? M?Grewer for bringing servants from Scotland, wherein 
M?bane employ'd him. Enclosed he sent over a Plan of his buildings 
& garden which he alledged had cost him 400 £. 

12. A letter from Mary Vandeplank to the Trustees dat. 9 July, 
thanking them for their favours, but insinuating a desire to be for- 
given her debt to the stores, Ace? of which she could never get set- 
tled. 

13. A Plan of Frederica with all the present Freeholders lotts in the 
town in number 42. 

14. There came also letters from Col. Oglethorpe to S? Rob? Wal- 
pole & the D. of Newcastle with an estimate of the forces and charges 
necessary for his being on the Offensive or defensive, and undertaking 
for the seige of Augustine anew, if supplyd with another batallion of 
regular troops, rangers, ships &c and the same were undertaken in 
Winter. S? Robert Walpole order'd the same should be laid before 
the Regency. 



374 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [October, 

With these he sent over a Spanish prisoner to acquaint the Ministry 
with the strength of Augustine, and the occasion of the not taking it, 
which had the ships continued but 4 days longer before it must have 
surrender'd for want of provision. They have now in it 1515 regular 
forces, and about 800 forcats or Transports, Negroes, Indians &c. 

In his letter to MT Verelts he desires him to apply for powder (that 
sent him by the Ordenance Office being damaged) for 600 swords, 
for muskets, for iron shot, and a small train of Artillery. Also for a 
stout guard ship, and that the several expences he had been obliged to 
make, and for which he had drawn bills might be allow'd and paid. 
Also for pay of 1000 Indians. 

15. Letter from Col. Stephens to me, acknowledging favours rec? 
from me, and promising to write more fully, As soon as the present 
distractions of Savanah gave him leave. Also that he had sent me 
some Georgia honey and some Cassine tea. 

16. Letter from M? Bolzius to M? Verelts dat 4 Jan. 1740 / 1. See 
fol. [279]. 

1741 Oct. 16. 17. Grant of 500 Acres to Mich! Burghalter, about 
2 miles & upward S. E. from Hamstead 

22. 18. J? Burton Tything man turnd out for being an abusive fel- 
low, and 

John Milledge appointed in his room. 

19. Henry Green had leave to change his town Lot N? 8 in Vernon 
Tithing, Heathcote Ward for late Viccorys lot N? 10 in Laroche 
Tything in the same Ward, & tis allowd. 

20. J? Robe has leave to possess Lot N? 4 in the first Tything of 
Upper new Ward late Levys. 

27. 21. Jannet Grant deceased 

5. October. 6. [Present,] Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., C. C, Percival Phil., T. 

A Comittee of Correspondence met to peruse Col. Stephens journal 
from 13 May to 15 July, and sundry letters & papers brought over by 
Cap* Thompson. 

1. We went through them all except a large bundle of Publick Ac- 
compts, and further certificates of claims on the Trustees by sundry 
Inhabitants, which we refer'd to our Accomp! to put in order and 
examine. 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 375 

2. Anthony Salice a Grison Trust servant who return'd to England 
after his time expired in March 1739 /40 (as formerly mention'd) ap- 
pear'd before us with his son Anthony 8 years old, and daughter Maria 
Catharina. He desired we would convey him and his daughter back 
to Georgia, being willing to pay for his passage back by working it 
out after his arrival in our Publick garden. 

The Comittee taking it into consideration, that he had been before 
employ'd in the Publick Garden, and had produced at his arrival here 
in March abovemention'd a certificate of his good behaviour during the 
time of his servitude, also that at that time the Comon Council had 
made him an offer to transport him back to Georgia had he been then 
willing to return : agreed that the passage of him and his children 
should be advanc'd in the manner he desired, amounting to 12,£ being 
for 2 full heads, & that a bed should be provided him the same to be 
likewise repaid by him in work the cost of which is 13 shillings : We 
also told him that when he had work'd out the 12.13.0 he should be 
at liberty to take up a 50 acre lot and become a Freeholder with the 
usual allowances made to servants who took land when their service 
expired. 

The ship wherein the other Germans are to go falling down this 
day to Gravesend, we iniediatly order'd him on board, and wrote a 
letter to Col. Stephens on his subject. 

When our business was over We din'd to-gether, and Cap* William 
Thompson who brought the Packets dined with us. In answer to 
several questions we put to him, he answer'd as follows 

1. That Gen? Oglethorpe was well when he parted from him at 
Frederica. 

2. That he intermeddled very little with the Civil concernes of the 
Colony, as thinking the Trustees had in a manner excluded him from 
it, by sending their orders iniediatly to the Magistrates without first 
consulting him. 

3. That the Germans he carry'd over formerly and settled at Fred- 
erica are many of them industrious, have paid for their passage, and 
subsist themselves by their cultivation labour, and garden stuff which 
they sell to the Officers of the Army. 

4. That many of the souldiers are equally industrious, and sell gar- 
den stuff to the Officers ; that they think it worth their while to give 
their pay to the Officers for leave to work. That they are become very 
orderly, and of quite another spirit than at their first Arrival, and that 
Col. Oglethorpes Regiment wants about 100 men to be full. 



376 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [October, 

5. That the Darien people exprest themselves to him to be very 
easie & contented, and but one or two families were deserted to Caro- 
lina, which were such as were in their own esteem Gentlemen, and 
never contented. 

6. That MT Macloud their Minister was gone to Charlestown, hav- 
ing left his flock out of discontent, and labour'd to induce the rest also 
to desert. That in Carolina he reported the land was barren, which 
even the Malecontents their deny'd to his face. 

7. That the Darien people live on their Cattel, and sell a great deal 
of butter and Milk to the soldiers. 

8. That MT Norris had left Frederica and design'd to return to Eng- 
land : that latterly he had fallen out with Col. Oglethorpe, and all 
the Officers. 

9. That a few freeholders had left Frederica, particularly One Allen, 
and Sam? Perkins a Magistrate. That the former was a good for 
nothing fellow, and Perkins very troublesome to the rest of the Magis- 
trates, making Parties and divisions against Hawkins the first Bailif. 

10. That Fra. Moore a vane conceited Man was at the head of that 
Party, but had beg'd Col. Oglethorpe's pardon for his behaviour. 

11. That L* (J. Cook was not entirely well with Col. Oglethorpe, 
and wants to come home, being old and never liking the Province, 
and therefore making no Improvments in it. 

12. That it is easier for a 40 gun ship to enter our southern har- 
bours, than for a 20 gun ship to pass the bar at Charlestown. 

13. That the Inhabitants of Savannah are a vile crew of people, 
grown worse than when he formerly knew them, intolerably insolent 
to the Magistrates even in Open Court, and have occasion for some 
person of superiour authority and vested with a kind of absolute Au- 
thority to keep them under. That the only quiet and industrious 
people are the Foreigners, and it was a great misforture the Trustees 
sent over any other : especially such as were made Landholders & call 
themselves Gentlemen, who having almost all of them left the Colony, 
do yet tho absent all they can to discourage any man from labouring 
and cultivating their land, lest they should be examples that Men can 
live and support themselves without Negroes, and shew themselves 
satisfied with their Tenures & the Magistrates set over them. 

14. That Patrick Graham the Apothecary had entirely left off his 
practice, and was so industrious a Planter that he maintain'd himself. 

15. That MT Causton is also a diligent Improver, and dos not con- 
cern himself with the Malecontent Party, tho in matters of complaint 



mi.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 377 

against Jones the Magistrate, he is always ready with his advice to 
hurt him. 

16. That Col. Stephens has also a fine plantation : and these 3 he 
thinks the only considerable Improvers. 

17. That he beleives M 1 . Jones honest to the Trust, & had even 
made some savings upon articles estimated, of Expence, but his en- 
deavour to bring in the Trustees debts owing from the Inhabitants, 
and the abominable abuse of his tongue and rude partial behaviour 
had made every one bis Enemy. 

18. That if he employd the money order'd for the people by the 
Trustees, to fill his private store, and thereout to furnish the people in 
goods rather than in money as directed by the Trustees, it was really 
an advantage to the people he selling cheaper than others would do, 
and thereby beating down exorbitant markets. 

19. That the Mulberry trees in our garden do not grow half so fast 
and well, (by reason of the badness of the ground) as in other places 
of the Province. 

20. That in June last he eat very good grapes in Georgia tho not 
so large as in England. 

21. That J? Fallowfeild our Magistrate is the Ring leader of the 
Malecontents remaining at Savannah tho he beleives his Incom as 
Magistrate and Naval Officer is worth him 100^6 a year. That he is 
a mortal Enemy to M 1 . Jones. 

22. That J? Pye our Recorder is another support of those Wretches, 
himself a young Lad & very busie but silly. 

23. That J? Bromfeild is another, who has forsaken M? Whitfeilds 
sect, and is now for M? J? Wesleys. 

24. That the Province was extreamly healthy whilst he was there. 

25. That Col. Oglethorpe has now render'd the Fort of Frederica 
very strong, with a ditch, rampier, parapet and Bastions, and there 
was only remaining to finish the Platforms for Canon. 

26. That at Cumberland there is another small but good fort. 

27. That Augusta consists of a lawless number of Indian Traders, 
all runaways from Carolina for debt, all rogues to each other and at 
continual variance, and stand in great need of a proper Magistrate 
there, for they do not consider L! (now Cap* Kent) neither the Con- 
sable there to have any power to meddle with Civil Affairs, having 
their authority only from Col. Oglethorpe and not from the Trustees. 

28. That Rum is as much drunk in Savannah as if it were legally 
admitted, so that our Rum Act which prohibits it signifies nothing, 

48 



378 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [October, 

but will have an ill effect if continued and the Carolina Indian Traders 
suffer'd to have a share with our own people in supplying the Indians 
within our Province with goods, for they will sell them Rum whilst 
our people do not, and carry away all the trade. 

29. That Bailif Parker continues a great sot, but when sober has 
tolerable sense : that before he came away he left him disposed to joyn 
with the Malecontents. 

30. That there were various reports that Negroes had at last been 
allow'd the Colony, upon which the Jews and divers others were pre- 
paring to return to the Colony. 

31. That in his passage by land from Savannah to Charlestown he 
met several of our run-aways settled in different places, as also more 
of them at Charlestown, but in a miserable beggerly condition, find- 
ing no employment, by reason that Negroes did all the work, they 
acknowledged they lived better in Georgia. 

32. That he saw Tailfer, Douglass and Hugh Anderson at Charles- 
town, the two last employ'd, Douglass as a book-keeper, and Anderson 
as a schoolmaster. That the Merch* who employ'd Douglass, said he 
was tired of him, and but for meer charity would turn him off. That 
Anderson was losing his credit giving himself with the other two up 
to Politicks, so that the Gentlemen were taking away their children. 
That Tailfer had no business in the way of his proffession, and all 
three were so dispised and neglected by the Gentlemen of Carolina, 
that they would not keep them company : so they consorted together 
with 2 or 3 more Runaways of their Country at a Publick house which 
Jenkins another of our Runaways has set up. 

33. That the only Enemies we seem'd to have were the Inhabitants 
of Charlestown, and they not so to the Colony but to Col. Oglethorpe 
personally 

34. That Robert Williams, Duchee the Potter, and some others are 
coming over to make strong complaints against us, and he beleived 
would apply themselves directly to the Parliament. 

35. That Williamson formerly named Recorder of Savanah, and of 
whom sufficient notice has been taken for his ill behaviour, is now 
Provost Marshal in South Carolina. 

36. That Bradley, (that vile fellow, sent by the Trustees to teach 
the Inhabitants agrigculture and who abused his trust over the Trustees 
Indented servants to his own use and afterwards ran away) is in 
Charlestown, poor dispised, and pester'd by his Creditors. 

37. That the Church at Savannah was not yet begun, only some 
stone brought together for that purpose : 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 379 

NB. Col. Stephens wrote on the 13 June 1740 that the church was 
that day begun. 

38. A great deal of very good land with a clay bottom in the Prov- 
ince where as good bricks are made as any where in the World. 

On the 9*. h Oct b . r M? Verelts wrote me that the L4 3 Justices had gone 
through the letters and papers sent from Gen* Oglethorpe, and when 
the Chancellor of the Exchequer attends them next, Resolutions are 
to be taken thereupon. 

That in the mean time it had been hinted to him, that an inclina- 
tion appeard very strong for reducing Augustine : and the Earl of 
Islay told him there was a general disposition in the Lords justices to 
do all they could for the General, and that they did approve his con- 
duct : and had order'd him to wait on him for a letter to the Gen! 
himself. 

2 Novemlf. 7. [Present,] Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam!, C. C. 

A Comittee of Embarkation met : 

1. The Accomp* acquainted the Comittee, that Cap* Norwood had 
claimed 60.12.6 as due to him for his contract for bringing over from 
Rotterdam 97 heads of Swiss & German Passengers to be ship'd by 
Ri. Wolters Esq, which he came too late to receive : and it appearing 
that it was no wilfull neglect of the said Cap* Norwood, and that he 
was detain'd by contrary winds, and made the best of his way ; 

Resolv'd that it is the opinion of this Coniittee that the Accomp* do 
adjust the affair with the said Cap*. Norwood, & the same at a sum not 
exceeding 40,£, for all costs and damages on Ace*, of said agreement. 

3 Nov b . r Cap* Tailfer brought me an attested Copy of a petition to 
the parliament from the Malecontents in Georgia, complaining of Tir- 
anny in the Magistrates of Savanah especially M? Tho. Jones, and ob- 
jecting to the Constitution of their Goverment as settled by the Trus- 
tees, and demanding the same things that in their Counter-state of the 
Province they insisted on with the Trustees, viz. the use of Negroes, 
liberty to sell, the choice of their own Magistrates &c, &c. 

The Original of this petition is coming over with Robert Williams 
& James his brother, who I suppose are to back it. It is a very im- 
pudent piece, and I have a Copy of it in my Vol. of letters & papers 
from Georgia. It was sign'd the 29 Dec. 1740, almost 11 months ago, 
& there is some mystery in their not sending it sooner, unless the 



380 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

reason it may be was to present it to the Parliament by way of sur- 
prise on the Trustees, that we might not have time to set the Members 
right as to the facts asserted, which I am confident are some of them 
very false, and what would make against them they have conceal'd. 
78 persons sign'd it, of whom I know but of 6 landholders, & 40 Free- 
holders. Fallowfeild one of the Bailifs, & Pye the Recorder of Sa- 
vanah are at the head of it. In their letter to Cap* Tailfer they de- 
sired him to cause print it, thinking it so doubty a work, as when 
made publick must engage all who read it to become their advocates, 
but to print petitions to Parliament is an insolent apeal to the people 
against that branch of the legislature in case it should not grant their 
demands, or reject the petitions offer'd it. 

1741 Nov. 5. 1. Grant of 50 acres to Sam* Lyon S. E. of Hamp- 
stead and 

Grant of 50 acres to J? Erinxman S. E. of Hampstead : both adjoin- 
ing to the Tract granted to Michael Burghalter. 

] 1. 2. M? Tbo. Jones inform'd against for breaking open boxes 
at the store and taking out books and papers 

19. 3. Grant of 500 acres to James Anderson S. E. from the Farm 
lotts adjoyning to Thunderbolt. 

16 Nov h : 8. [Present,] Egmont, Hales Steven, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., Ver- 
non Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to go into a Comittee of Ace*? to 
examine the papers lately received from Georgia from the Comission- 
ers for stating the Publick Debts, and afterwards to assemble in Comon 
Council to receive the said Report. 

But not being a Conlon Council we only past through the Commit- 
ees work. 

1. Read a letter from Col. Oglethorpe dat. 2. May 1741 that he had 
engaged to give Capt. Will. Thompson in the year 1740, 30 £ to load 
Purysburg rice at Savahah for the encouragm* of the Colony. The 
Cap* said he had on that account waited 17 days, which demurrage 
was a loss to him. 

It was all our opinions that the Trustees ought not to pay money to 
the Cap! on such an account, but made no resolution thereon, suspend- 
ing the consideration thereof to another time. 

NB. In truth it appear'd to us that Col. Oglethorpe by that en- 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 381 

gagement to Cap* Thompson had only a mind to puff up the traffick 
of the Colony, by having it thought that Savannah town is the mart 
for Carolina rice, but Mr Bofin of Purysburg told me that the Inhab- 
itants of the last mention'd settlement, and such planters as are seated 
on or near the Savannah River do constantly send their rice down it 
when there are ships to take it in, so that Cap* needed no encourag- 
ment to take in a lading there, there being no doubt but Vessels will 
seek for freight where they are sure to get it. Besides, it being al- 
ledged in the late libellous petition from Savanah to the King or Par- 
liament that there was a ship indeed that saild with rice from Savanah, 
but that it was not rice raised in the Province but in Carolina, we 
thought it would appear odd that Captains should be hired by the pub- 
lick money to lade their ships in our Province, especially with the 
Comodities of another Province. 

2. Read a certificate sign'd by Col. Oglethorpe 6 May 1741 in 
favour of Bailif Hawkins, that there was due to him 29.9.6 for medi- 
cines deliverd by Cap* Thompson for the Trustees use in Frederica, 
which medicines were carry 'd by the Captain at his own risk, and 
taken by M* Hawkins, but not paid for. 

Resolv'd that it is the opinion of the Comittee that 29.9.6 be paid 
to the Captain, but on the spot in Georgia out of the appropriated 
money. 

3. Read a demand made by Cap* Thompson of 2Q<£ due -to him for 
the transport of One Hamerton and his wife, carryed by him at his 
own risk to be disposed of as servants, but whom M? Bolzius received 
to instruct the children at Ebenezar in the English tongue as appeard 
by his certificate dat. 28 May 1741. 

Resolv'd it is our opinion the 20 £ ought to be paid. 
Several certified Accompts declared to be due were so judged by us 
and resolv'd that they ought to be paid, as 

4. A certified Ace! in favour of Ensign Hugh Mackay, for comand- 
ing a Party of Rangers from 22 Nov. 1736 to 15 Nov. 1738. 

5. A certified Ace! in favour of Ja. Anderson for work done for the 
Trust 64.19.4 

6. A certified Ace! in favour of J? Latter, for charge of a scout boat 
from 15 Aug. to 10 Oct. 1738 

7. A certified Ace! In favour of Patrick Graham Apothecary for 
Physick given the soldiers when L! Col. Cochran arrived at Savannah, 
which tho properly a military expence, yet being attended with par- 
ticular circumstances in his favour, was orderd to be paid — 40.17.6. 

8. A certified Ace! in favour of Sam' Lacy for pettiagua hire 50.9.4. 



382 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

9. A letter from Bailif Hawkins of 6 May 1741 to W. Verelts was 
read, together with several Depositions to support his demand of 
54.18.0 as due to him before Mich? 1739. for w°. h he sent a letter of 
Attorney to pay the same for his use to Cap* Thompson. 

We ran over the Ace* and resolv'd it to be our opinion that 13.13.0 
only (being for the loss of his boat) should be paid him : the rest being 
for charges of travelling only, which we did not think fit to consider, 
and for cleaning his instruments &c. his bills for Physick and cures 
were so very high, that we thought he might very well bear his own 
charges in attending. 

10. Another claym to be paid him 74.2.4 for exercising his proffes- 
sion from Mich? 1739 was read, 

Resolv'd that it is proper the same claym be sent to be examin'd by 
the Comissioners in Georgia, and that it be left to them to pay what 
is due thereof. 

NB. It appeard to us that the 75<£ alotted in our estimate for the 
care of the sick is look'd on by MT Hawkins as entirely given up to 
him, as if we had lump'd the matter, whereas the Trustees purpose 
was to have paid thereout no more than is necessary (as at Savannah) 
and if any saving were made to reserve it to the Trust. 

1. MT Verelts acquainted me at this meeting, that on Satturday last 
he attended the D. of Montagu, S? Cha. Wager, Gen! Wade, and Col. 
Bladen, to whom the Regents (before his Majesties return to England) 
had refer'd Col. Oglethorpe's proposalls for attacking Augustine. He 
said that was the 2? time they met, and that they agreed to report, 
that it was absolutly necessary Augustine should be taken, and the 
seige begun in March next. That instead of one batallion required by 
Col. Oglethorpe for that purpose he should have a regiment of 2 batal- 
lions, to be raised in America, that his scheme of engaging 1000 In- 
dians to assist in the seige at 7<£ per Man was rational and expedient, 
and they ought to be put on the establishment for one year. They 
also dropt that Gov!" Glen should be Col. of the intended Regiment. 

S? Cha. Wager ask'd MF Verelts what number of Inhabitants were 
in Georgia, for he heard they were all gone away M? Verelts answer'd, 
he could not say what number were there, but as to the Saltsburgers 
there were none gone but were in happy circumstances, having invited 
more of their Countrymen to joyn them, which accordingly the Trus- 
tees had this year sent. 

The D. of Montagu said he was glad to hear it, and spoke with ap- 
probation of the agrarian law on which foot the Colony is settled. 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 383 

Cap* Thompson attended that day and justified to Sr Cha. Wager 
the goodness of the harbours of Georgia, w c . h Sr Charles was before 
ignorant of, or very incredulous. He also shew'd him how faulty the 
Kings ships behaved at the seige of Augustine. 

2. We din'd to gether, and Mr Bofin with us by invitation : He told 
us he brought over the original petition of the Savannah Malecontents, 
which thinks is to be presented to the king, and gave it as directed by 
them to M r Mackay of the City, a broker for the Carolina Merchants. 

1. We did not know till by letters rec? this day from Georgia, that 
MT Bofin had been an abettor of the Malecontents there, and had un- 
dertaken to present the petition to the King himself & support it with 
his Interest at Court, being as was vainly given out a relation to the 
late Queen Caroline. 

2. The following letters & papers came this day from Georgia to 
the Office : 

(1.) Two letters from Mr Tho. Jones to Mr Verelts dat. at Frederica 
10. Dec. and 22 Dec b . r 

(2.) Copy of a letter from Mr Jones to Col. Stephens, dat. at Fred- 
erica 30 Jan. 1740 / 1 

(3.) Letter from Mr Jones to Mr Verelts dat. at Frederica 31 Jan. 
1740/1. 

(4.) Copy of a letter from Mr Jones to Col. Stephens dat. at Fred- 
erica 19. feb. 1740 / 1. 

(5.) letter of Mr Jones to Mr Verelts dat. at Frederica 19 Feb? 
1740/1 

(6.) Copy of a letter from Col. Stephens to Col. Oglethorpe 13 May 
1741 

(7.) Grand jury of Savanah's presentment of J? Goldwire for shoot- 
ing Cattle, the property unknown 8 July 1741 

(8.) Grand jury of Savanah's presentment of Col. Stephens for not 
attending their sumons to be examin'd, 9*? 1 July 1741 

(9.) Gr. Jury of Savanah's presentment of Mr Tho. Jones for not 
punishing Mr Upton for swearing in his hearing 9 July 1741 

NB. the only witness mention'd by them on which they grounded 
this presentment is Col. Stephens, who declares he was not present at 
the time. 

(10.) Andrew Duchee the Potter's Ace* of debtor and Creditor 
w*! 1 the Trustees, by which he is debtor to them above 80 £ sign'd & 
approved by the Comissioners of Acc* s 



384 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

(11.) Col. Oglethorpes letter to MF Tho. Jones dat. 29 July 1741. 
a Copy. 

(12.) Copy of MF Jones's letter to Col. Oglethorpe 29 July 1741 

(13.) Copy of d? letter to d? 30 July 1741 

(14.) Col. Stephen's journal from 13 July to 4 Aug. 

(15.) Copy of Col. Oglethorpes letter to MF Jones dat. at Frederica 
5 Aug. 1741 

(16.) Col. Stephens's letter to MF Verelts 6 Aug. 1741 

(17.) MF Jones letter to MF Verelts dat. 12. Aug. 1741 

(18.) D? to D? dat. 13 Aug. 1741 

(19.) A petition from Tho. Ellis w* h MF Jones & Col. Stephens re- 
marks 

(20.) Petition of Andrew Duchee to Col. Oglethorpe to be advanc'd 
50 £ wherewith to come to England 

(21.) A merry opinion of Sf Ri. Everard on the case of Henry 
Parker Bailif 

20 Nov. 1741 MF Verelts inform'd me that MF Bonn and SF Ri. 
Everard had brought over (not the Malecontents petition of 29 Dec. 
1740, but) a later petition to his Majesty dat. in July last, back'd by 
affidavits, & a protest of Bailif Parker against MF Thomas Jones for 
issuing a sola bill of 1£ with his single endorsment without the hand 
of Col. Stephens : but they design'd not to give it to the King but to 
the Trustees. With them arrived MF Norris 

21 Nov. 1741. 9. [Present,] Avers Rott, Bathurst Hen., Egmont, Frederick John, 
Lapotre Hen., Pr., LaRoche J.°, Ch., Smith Sam., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Trustee and Comon Council board was sumon'd, to recieve a 
Report from the Comittee of Accompts : And then to consider of a 
proper application to his Majesty in Council, for laying before him 
the proceedings of the Trustees under the directions of the Charter for 
settling a Frontier Colony with white people, and in what manner the 
Trustees have been obstructed by persons who joyn'd the Colony at 
their own expence on a different Interest, in order for obtaining his 
majesties determination thereupon, to put a stop to all future clam- 
ours. 

1. The Comittee of Accompts that met 16*? 1 inst made their report 
to the Comon Council, who confirm'd the following articles thereof, 
viz. 2? 34 4*. h 5*. h 6*. h 7*. h 8*? 9* See fol. [381]. 

2. We revoked the Comission formerly granted to Patrick Houston 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 385 

to be a justice of Peace, the same having never been sent over, and 
he appointed by a mistake. 

3. We postponed the Comissions granted to John Pye, and M 1 . 
Theary, Recorders of Savariah and Frederica, to be justices of Peace, 
the same having not yet been sent to them, and John Pye having 
abused the powers such Comission gave him which he presumed to 
exercise the same on intimation that he was to be a justice. 

4. We agreed that Cap! Ri. Kent should be a justice of Peace in 
the town of Augusta and Precincts thereof. 

5. We order'd that Col. Stephens should reward MF Hopton of 
Charlestown as he judged proportionable for his good services in tak- 
ing care of our packets to & from Georgia. 

6. We removed John Brownfeild from being Register of the Prov- 
ince, and appointed John Doble (formerly Schoolmaster at Savahah) 
at a sallary of 25 <£ p ann. 

7. We removed John Pye from being Recorder of Savannah on 
Ace? of his abetting factions there against the Magistray, and ap- 
pointed Cha. Watson, who had served as Atturney in England, & is 
well recomended. 

8. L? Delagal presented a memorial to be paid the rest of his de- 
mand on the Trustees, but we informd him the Comiss r . s of Ace*. 8 in 
Georgia had yet made no report on his case, & we could not hazard 
any more of the Publick money by advancing it him on an uncer- 
tainty. 

9. The letter of Fra. Moore to be paid 2 years & \ sallary for act- 
ing as Recorder of Frederica was read, but it appearing that he was 
some time in England, and upon actual duty but one year, We or- 
derd him 20£. 

10. We Imprest 700 £ to pay the several sums this day orderd, 
and the sallarys of our Officers. 

1. Nov b . r 26. M 1 . Bofin told me that he had given the Malecon- 
tents petition design'd for the king, to one Mackay a Broker for Car- 
olina Merchants, and that he heard Mackay would not deliver it. I 
suppose Mr Simons the Merchant, and Gov? Glen prevaild on him. 

2. He also confirm'd to me the advantage that would acrue to the 
Colony by repealing the Act that prohibits Rum, for that if it were 
admitted in the Colony, the Inhabitants could transport their lumber 
to the other Colonies & Islands who pay for the same not silver but 
rum in a great measure, and by supplying the Indians with this liq- 

49 



386 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [November, 

uour, our people would carry on the trade with them to advantage, for 
rum they will have : moreover there is as much rum drunk in Georgia 
as if there were liberty to bring it in, so that we have all the disad- 
vantage of the Rum Act & none of the advantage. He added that 
this would much contribute to fix a trade at Savannah and make it a 
Mart, for all the Carolinians on the North Side of the Savannah river, 
would send their rice to Savannah being sure of ships, rather than 
to Charlestown. 

3. That his Majesty had made him Collector at Charlestown, a place 
of 400<£ p ann. 

4. That of the 505 p? weight of Cocons in Georgia this year, 300<£ 
weight was from Purysburg 

28 Novemb? 10. [Present,] Avers Rob!, Egmont, Frederick J?, Lapotre Hen., 
Smitb Sam!, Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Trustee board was sumon'd to consider if it is necessary to rep- 
resent to his Majesty the progress of the Trustees in executing their 
Plan for establishing a frontier Colony pursuant to the direction of 
the Charter, and the opposition they have met with by persons joyning 
the Colony with different views, who want to reduce the intended 
Frontier to the Plan of Colonies less exposed, and thereby entirely 
defeat his Maj st 7 s gracious Intentions of strengthning & protecting 
the Neighbouring Colonies in Georgia. 

1. We were too few to consider the matter of the sumons, & there- 
fore did only Trustee business, and first taking into consideration the 
badness of the ground of several freehold lotts of 50 acres, resolv'd to 
lay before the Comon Council our opinion that the Presid* & Assist- 
ants of Savannah should be directed to assign to every 50 acre lot 
Man as much good land as he has of barren land, with liberty for 
him to take it up where he pleases. 

2. Also that for further encouragement, that every Man who shall 
have fenc'd and cultivated his 50 acres, should be promised a grant of 
50 acres more. 

3. To lay also before the C. Council the necessity of allowing Rum 
to be imported, in order that the Inhabitants may find a vent for their 
lumber, & thereby be enabled to subsist themselves : that this indul- 
gence should be given by instructing the President & Assistants of 
Savannah to lessent the penalty on Importation which is 5£, to so 
small a sum, as may make it not worth the while for any man to in- 
form against the Importer. This is no formal breach of the Act, 



1741.] . TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 387 

because there is in it a clause giving the Trustees power to alter the 
penalty, th6 in consequence, the course taken will amount to the same 
as if the Act were repealed. The reason & necessity of this may be 
seen in the foregoing page Article 2. 

4. That nevertheless, it should be provided, that none should sell 
Rum, but houses regularly licenced, and they not to sell dry drams on 
penalty of forfeiture. 

5. The Comission of Charles Watson to be Recorder of Savanah 
and revocation of J? Pyes comission past the Seal. 

6. As did the Comission of John Doble to be Register of the Prov- 
ince in room of John Brownfeild. 

7. As also the Comission to Cap* Ri. Kent to be justice of Peace in 
the town of Augusta. 

8. Imprest 700 £ to pay a number of sola bills lately arrived. 

9. M 1 . Verelts acquainted us that M T - Norris who arrived this week 
on board the Man of War from Carolina, had demanded to be paid his 
Sallary, which he said he had not received : M T . Verelts reply'd he 
was ready to pay it if he could produce a certificate that he was not 
paid, but he was surprised to hear it was not, there being money sent 
over to defray that article of the estimated expences, and it was his 
fault if not paid him, that he brought no certificate thereof, for with- 
out that he was not warranted to do it. 

On this occasion M? Vernon said he had seen a letter that repre- 
sented Mi" Norris to be a bad Man, and had converted the church 
plate to his own use, which I can scarce believe. 

10. He further told me that the Assembly of Carolina had by this 
Man of War sent over a remonstrance full of invectives against Col. 
Oglethorpe, laying the loss of the Siege of Augustine to his charge : 
And that they had charged Mr Fury their Agent to print it, and give 
it to every Lord of the Council, and Members of both houses : but 
that Gov? Glen obliged him to give it to him that it might not be 
publish'd. 

1. 1. Dec 1 ? 1741. Arrived at the Office Col. Stephens journal 
from 7 Aug st to 21 Sept b . r 

2. Also his letter accompanying it. 

3. Also an Account of Col. Oglethorpes attacking a Spanish Pri- 
vateer, and driving her back into Augustine Bay, together with his 
retaking an English prize ; whereby divers of our seamen recoverd 
their liberty, dat. 



388 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

4. 2 Dec. 1741 This day arrived in Georgia y e Saltsburgers and 
higlanders shipd, 21 Sept. 1741 on the Loyal Judith Cap* Lemon 

5. 4 Dec b . r 1741 D T . Bearcroft told me that Mr Norris (who lately 
arrived from Charlestown in the Tartar Man of War) accused Gen! 
Oglethorpe to him of living in open Adultery with a mans wife at 
Frederica : which said the Doct? may be true, for I know that the 
wife of One Welsh who went to Georgia, a very pretty woman, being 
sick after her arrival there, was under pretence of curing her or tak- 
ing care of her, taken by M? Oglethorpe into his own tent, and this 
woman (he added) had been an Adulteress with D- King of the Char- 
ter house, who upon a noise made of it, gave her and her husband 
80 £ to go to Georgia. 

6. This day arrived in Georgia the Germans and Swiss ship'd on 
board the Europa Cap'- Wadham. 

7. 3? Decemb? Tho. Morris had a Grant of lot N? 3 in the 3? 
Tything of lower New Ward. 

8. J? Clark & his wife aged infirm persons petition for a Town lot 
in Savannah and are refused. 

9. 4 DecembF Tho. Salter appointed Constable in room of Andrew 
Duchee. 

10. 17 Decemb 1 ; Gen! Oglethorpe writes to Col. Stephens to pay the 
money orderd by the Trustees for the subsistance of the Swissers on 
their arrival to Frederick Holzendorf in order to force those people to 
settle at Frederica, which Col. Stephens refuses, resolving to follow 
his first instructions from the Trustees. 



11. Edward Bush \ 

Peter Morel 



Hutchinsons Island and are refused 



Joseph Wardorpe (^petition each for a grant of 500 acres on 
J° Penrose 
Andrew Duchee & 
Tho. Ormston 

12. Samuel Clee obtains lot N? 2 in the first Tything of lower new 
Ward 

13. 3° Milledge and J° Norton Wright petition each for 500 acres on 
Whitmarsh Island, but are refused, having no substance wherewith 
to cultivate their lotts. 



> south of Hampstead 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 389 

14. 500 acres granted to Tho. Salter on Dawbus Island South of Sa- 
vannah River 3 miles below the town. 

15. J9 Norton Wright made Tything Man in Tho. Salters room 
lately made Constable. 

16. 28 December. Grants of 50 acre Lotts made to 
Gaspar Herbach and his wife who servd ^ 

their time w*. h Tho. Causton 
Jacob Herbach and his wife who servd 

their time w*! 1 Abr™ De Leon 
Christopher Burgeraeister 
Hans Joachim Schad 
Rodolf Burgie & his sister 
Hans Stutz 
Nicolas Haner 

17. David Cunningham appointed to take care of the ship Caesar 
in the room of Walter Fox deceas'd. 

18. Hans Ulric Peltz and Ezekiel Stoll have Grants made them of 
50 acres South of Hampstead 

19. Joseph Fitzwalter made Wharfinger and Vendue Master in room 
of Walter Fox 

20. Thomas Bailey made Tything man of Moores & Hucks's Tyth- 
ing in room of J? Wright made Tything Man of Wilmington & 
Jekyls Tything in which Office Walter Fox died. 

5 Dec. 11. [Present,] Archer Hen., Bathurst Hen., Egmont, Frederick J?, La- 
potre Hen., Pr., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Vernon Ja., Ch., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to consider of the many clamorous 
oppositions to the Trustees endeavours of settling Georgia to be a 
frontier Colony pursuant to his Majesties Intention : And to come 
to some proper resolution consistent with the honour of the Trust, for 
obtaining strength to pursue the directions of the Charter, or receiv- 
ing such other or further instructions from his Majesty, if any such 
are necessary, to put a stop to the discontents so industriously fo- 
mented. 

1. The Comon Council remov'd J? Pye from being Clerk to the 
Presid* and Court of Assistants, 

2. And appointed Cha. Watson in his room. 

3. They appointed J? Dobell to be Master of the Free School at 
Savannah. 



390 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

4. A debate arose whether 2 sola bills lately arrived from Charles- 
town ought to be paid, the property of One Smith, who had made affi- 
davit in Charlestown that they were stolen out of his chamber, and 
wrote to desire they might be stopped : but by the advice of MF 
Archer and MF Bathurst we directed the payment, upon MF Crockat 
giving security to indemnify the Trustees if it should appear that we 
had paid the mony to a wrong owner, the person who brought them 
having offer'd said Crockat for security. This is the method the bank 
uses in like case, and we judg'd it necessary to maintain the reputa- 
tion of our bills, which the Carolinians are too apt maliciously to run 
down. 

5. An other debate arose whether we should pay a sola bill lately 
arived from Charlestown, wherein the Owner had incerted the words 
Trustees for the ruining the Colony of Georgia, the genuine words 
being Trustees for establishing the Colony. M? Archer was of opin- 
ion the bill ought not to be paid, seing it had received an alteration : 
but Mf Bathurst thought otherwise, and we all acquiesced therein, 
but order 'd Our Accomp* to endeavour by his correspondence to dis- 
cover who is the malicious person who cast that scandal upon us. 
This is one of the many instances of the Carolinians malice against us. 

6. We agreed in a resolution that every freeholder of 50 acres 
should have as much good land added to his lot, as he has therein of 
pine barren, 

7. Also that every 50 acre freeholder shall after he has cultivated 
his land according to his Covenant be at liberty to take up 50 acres 
more. 

8. The form of a petition to his Majesty to ease the Trustees of 
paying the quitrent of such part of the peoples land as is pine barren, 
was read, & refer'd to a special Committee to revise the wording of it. 

9. Some discourse was had of applying for a new Act that Rum 
may be imported into Georgia in return for any Comodities exported 
from thence, it being much for the encouragement of the Inhabitants 
who may then be able to export their lumber to the Islands ; The 
consideration of this was refer'd to another opportunity. 

10. We then resolv'd our selves into a Trustee board, upon the great 
point of applying to the King or to the Pai'liament to remove the 
difficulties and impediments to settling the Colony that we meet with 
from the clamours and aspersions of the Malecontents within it ; I 
own I was much dissappointed in my expectation that something to 
the purpose would be resolv'd on therein, for all our debate ended in 



1741.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 391 

desiring My Bathurst and My Archer with our Secretary to consider 
of some clause to be added to our petition for money to Parliament 
this Session, that should take notice of our difficulties. 

I told the Gentlemen that until we should obtain the sense of his 
Majesty or of the Parliam* upon our exclusion out of the Colony of 
Negroes, the Malecontents would never cease plaguing us because they 
would persevere in their hopes that they should at length obtain their 
desires, by clamouring, whereas if once the sense of the Legislature 
here were known, and it should approve of the exclusion of Negroes, 
those wretches would be quiet or quit the Colony. That they had 
very busy Agents here who feed them with false hopes, And our Ene- 
mies in Parliam* here will doubtless be f urnish'd with papers to asperse 
us in the house, which it will not become our character to bear, where- 
fore we ought not to rest contented any longer with the Parliaments 
silence on this matter, and their refusal to pass some judgment upon 
the Trustees conduct, and their Plan for settling the Colony. 

12 Dec. 12 [Present,] Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam!, Vernon Ja., C. C. 
A Comittee way sumon'd to prepare every thing necessary to lay 

before the Comon Council, and the letters proper to go the beginning 
of next week to Georgia. 

1. We prepared the draft of our petition to Pari* for money, and 
took occasion therein to mention the trouble we meet with from the 
Malecontents on account of our denying them the use of Negroes. 

2. We also prepared heads of a letter to Gen* Oglethorpe 

3. And to My Tho. Jones. 

13 : Dec. 1741 Came a letter from J° Pye complaining of ill usage 
from My Tho. Jones, & enclosing an Ace* of 78 Freeholders, of Savan- 
nah, their occupation & little Improvm* 

19 Dec b ; 13. [Present,] Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam!, C. C. 

A Comittee of Accompts was sumon'd to examine the Vouchers 
of the last years Ace* 8 ending 9 June 1741 with the payment Book, to 
be reported to the Comon Council on monday next. 

1. We accordingly examin'd the Vouchers, and found them right. 

2. At this meeting I had an opportunity of taking notice, that last 
Wednesday Crockat a bookseller had finish'd the printing the scanda- 
lous Carolina pamphlet to which the price of 18 pence is fixt : that it 
would poison many readers against the Colony, and the Trustees con- 



392 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [December, 

duct thereof, and might hinder the design now on foot for beseiging 
Augustine anew : wherefore I had order'd the state of the Colony? 
as given upon Oath in the town Court of Savanah the 10 November 
last, to be printed, believing it might be proper to put it into the 
hands of the Members of Parliamt as an Antidote to that pamphlet. 
I added that as divers petitions and complaints against the Trustees 
sent over by the Malecontents of Georgia were arrived, and were to 
be made use of in Parliament to prevent a further supply, it is very 
possible our Enemies may succeed therein, meerly from our negligence 
in giving the Members a right impression : that if this should happen, 
we could never excuse our selves to the Trust we are engaged in, 
nor to our own characters, if we suffer'd so much dirt to be cast on us, 
without using endeavours to prevent its sticking, wherefore I hoped 
they would concur in ordering a sufficient number of this state of the 
Colony to be printed, together with some extracts of letters that cor- 
roborate the Ace* deliver'd as has been said upon Oath. 

The gentlemen reply'd, that the Carolina pamphlet was so scan- 
dalous, the Members would take no notice of it, but to publish the 
state I desired, might occasion the spreading that vile work. It might 
be sufficient to present the state to the house. 

I answer'd the pamphlet contain'd false Facts as well as scandal, 
and the facts might be beleived, especially if it was seen that the Trus- 
tees had nothing to say ag s * them. 

What will be resolv'd is uncertain, but we agreed it fit to let Col. 
Cecil have a sight of that pamphlet, who acting in all things here for 
Col. Oglethorpe who is principally attack'd therein, would judge 
whether the Re-printer and Publisher of it here ought not to be pros- 
secuted, 2 Lawyers having given their judgment that the scandal 
therein is actionable. 

21 Dec''!' 14. [Present,] Archer Hen., Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam., Ver- 
non Ja., C. C, Heathcote S! Will, T. 

A Comon Council was sumond to approve of the Trustees general 
Ace* for the year ending 9 June last, and order the same to be ex- 
hibited pursuant to the directions of the Charter. And to consider of 
a petition prepared for Parliament, wherein the Trustees Plan of 
making Georgia a frontier Colony is set forth, in order to be duly 
consider'd, for silencing the clamours of those who have contrary 
views. We were not a board : But as Trustees 

1. We made some amendments to our petition to Parliament for 
money. 



1741 2.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 393 

24 Dec. 15. [Present,] Egmont, Hales Steph., Lapotre Hen., Smith Sam-, Ver- 
non Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was summon'd to order the general Ace* for the 
year ending 9 June last to be exhibited pursuant to Charter ; And to 
approve of a petition prepared for Parliament wherein the Trustees 
Plan of settling Georgia a Frontier is set forth, to silence the clamours 
of those who had different views, & for other business. 

Not being a board we could do no business 

2. 26 Dec. 1741. Mr Verelts brought me to sign a draft of 
%0§£ on the Bank to pay sola bills. 

3. 31 Dec. 1741 Mr Verelts acquainted me, that MT Fury Agent 
for Carolina, after several obstinate refusals to give Gov? Glenn the 
account of the miscarriage of the seige of Augustine, sent to him by 
the Assembly of Carolina with orders to print it, had accordingly sent 
it to the Press ; the Govenour being apprehensive that this proceeding 
might prejudice the scheme which the Goverment has in hand to 
reduce Augustine, did what he could to prevent the printing, but this 
fool determined to obey the orders sent him, for which he deserves 
that Gen? Oglethorpe should discharge him from being Agent to his 
Regiment, for the Account is a long censure of his conduct in the late 
siege. 

2. JanH 16. [Present,] Ayers Rob', Egmont, Lapotre Hen., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., 

Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumond, to order the general Ace* for the 
year ending 9 June 1741 to be exhibited pursuant to Charter, and go 
through the other business of the Agenda. 

No business was done, we being no board : 

I proposed the sending over a Physician for the Northern division of 
the Province, there being neither doctor, apothecary or regular surgeon 
now there. 

6. JanH 17. [Present,] Ayers RoW, Bathurst Hen., Egmont, Hales Stephen, Ch., 
Lapotre Hen., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Vernon Ja., C. C. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd for the same purpose as the former. 

1. Approved the general Ace* of Receipts & disbursments for the 
year ending 9 June 1741, and order'd it to be exhibited according to 
our charter to the L? Chancellor, & L£ Chief justice or Master of the 
Rolls. 

2. We order'd that 30 £ should be paid to M 1 - Bolzius towards the 

50 



394 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

building his house at Ebenezar, to be the residence hereafter of his 
successors in the Ministry there. 

3. We took into consideration L* Delagals memorial to be paid the 
remainder of his demand for services in Georgia some years past, when 
the military charges of the Colony lay on the Trustees, which demand 
we long since refer'd to our Comissioners of Ace*. 3 in Georgia to report 
upon, but they neglected it. And upon his affidavit that the sum was 
due to him & Cap* Hortons affidavit that he perform'd the services 
pretended by him, We orderd the money remaining due to him, viz. 
35£ should be paid him. 

4. MT Will. Bowlers memorial to be paid 45 £ for a year & half's 
care of 25 Trust servants in the- Southern District, was taken into con- 
sideration, and order'd to be paid. 

5. A Dormant Commission was order'd to be sent to My Terry Re- 
corder of Frederica, to succeed My Hawkins in the 1. Bailifship of 
Frederica, in case the latter should die or quit his Office. 

6. The Comittee of embarkation of 25 July 1741 made their report, 
& the same was approved, (vid. fol. [362.]) 

7. The Comittee of embarkation of 28 Aug. 1741 made their report, 
& the same was approved. (See fol. [365.]) 

8. The Comittee of embarkation of 10 Sept. 1741 made their report, 
and the same was approved. (See fol. [367.]) 

9. The Comittee of Embarkation of 15 Sept. 1741 made their re- 
port, and the same was approved. (See fol. [370.]) 

10. The Comittee of Embarkation of 2 Nov. 1741 made their report 
and the same was approved (See fol. [379.]) 

11. Order'd that 600 pair of shoes be sent to Col. Stephens for the 
use of the Northern district, in part of the Estimate. 

12. Orderd 500 pair of shoes for the Southern District, in p* of the 
Estimate to be sold at prime cost 

13. Order'd that My Cha. Watson the new Recorder of Savannah 
be paid 10<£ more in advance of his sallary. 

14. Order'd that the brief Ace* of the Tenures as they stand now 
settled, be refer'd to Mf Bathurst and My Ayers to peruse & alter & 
amend, & then that 500 copies of them be printed and sent to Georgia 
for the satisfaction of the Inhabitants. 

15. Order'd that 1000 copies of the state of the Colony given on 
Oath in the town Court of Savanah be printed. 

16. My Ziegenhagen the Lutheran Minister of The Chappel near 
S* James's, attended ; and offer'd to add to the said state of the Colony, 



1741-2.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 395 

extracts of a journal and letter wrote lately by the Saltsburgers of 
Ebenezar into Germany, shewing their happy situation, the contented- 
ness of their condition and of the constitution they live under, and the 
great fertility of their land which they say yeilds 1000 grains of corn 
for one. He said he was scandalized at the aspersions cast upon the 
Colony by the idle Inhabitants, and beleived that if to our printed 
state were added what he proposed to incert, it might be of service. 
We thought so too, and return'd him our thanks. 

17. We resolv'd at Lady day to quit our present Office & keep our 
meetings at M? Verelts house, and it was left to a Comittee to consider 
what consideration to make Mr Verelts for the same, and for his pro- 
viding a Messenger, coles &c. 

18. I dined & past the Evening at home. I should have mention'd 
that before we broke up, we order'd our Sec? to write to Col. Stephens 
that he should wink at the Importation of Rum, and discourage seizures 
thereof ; also to allow none to be drunk but in lycensed houses, and to 
hinder all he can the prossecution or recovry of debts due to retailers 
of Rum other than the licensed houses. This resolution of the board 
proceeded from certain information that the Rum Act is totally disre- 
garded with respect to the drinking it when run, wherefore since the 
good effect expected from the Act has faild us, and the mischief re- 
mains, in that the people cannot dispose of their lumber to the Islands, 
because their Rum w c . h makes part of the return is prohibited, we 
judg'd it fit to give this tacit direction, in order that by disuse the 
Rum act may grow obsolete : but we gave no publick Order thereon, 
that it might not appear that we without his Majesties consent under- 
took to repeal an Act of his passing, and which we had ourselves ap- 
plyed for. 

8 Jan7 1741 / 2 I visited my L? Presid* Wimlington this day, and 
found he had read the late scurilous pamphlet published first in Caro- 
lina, and since reprinted here. Discoursing of the Colony, he said our 
denyal of daughters to succeed was an Error in the first concoction. 
I reply'd we did it at first that a number of men might be preserv'd 
in the Colony, but we had alterd that since ; he ask'd if we had done 
it since that pamphlet was publish'd ? I answer'd no, we did it before, 
but perhapps it was not known at the publishing it. We then talk'd 
of the peoples desire of Negroes : he said the question was whether 
the people could cultivate their lands as cheap with out Negroes as 
with them ? I said no, but as we were to form a frontier, we dared 



396 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [January, 

not admit them, especially as we lay so near the Spaniards who pro- 
claim'd liberty protection and promised lands to all Negroes who would 
run from our plantations, besides that several parts of the Colony pe- 
titioned against our allowing of Negroes, and they were desired only 
by the Idler sort of one part. He said there were inconveniencies in 
allowing Negroes, but we should set against that the necessity of hav- 
ing them, for that other Provinces who use them must undersell our 
people and so starve them. I reply'd there was as he knew an Act 
against them which we could not break through, and it was not for 
the Trustees to subject a Province comitted to our care to make a 
frontier, to venture the hazard of the Colony, That for the rest, we 
had no Interest in denying the people Negroes, and if the Parliament 
or his Majesty thought them necessary, and would take that hazard 
upon them, we should be satisfy ed. However his Lordship should un- 
derstand that this desire of Negroes was set on foot by some who 
thought hastily to be rich in the ways of other Provinces, and by 
others, who having spent what they carry'd over in a riotous luxurious 
manner, had not wherewithall to engage white servants, & therefore 
hoped to get credit for Negroes to be lent them. That the Carolina 
pamphlet above mention'd was upon my honour & veracity full of 
malice, lyes & deceit, and I instanced in the Scotch who desired to 
settle on an Island, which we at first refused, but afterwards permit- 
ted : yet in their book they say only that their request was denied, but 
do not own that it was afterwards granted. Then said my Lord, they 
told the truth but not the whole truth. I said I could instance several 
other deceits and misrepresentations in the pamphlet, which might 
gain credit with ignorant persons, but we had a representation of the 
state of the Colony upon Oath in open Court, which speaks other and 
better things of the Colony. He gave me to understand that this last 
was of weight. 

1741 / 2 Jan. 11. 1. Cap* Tailfer inform'd me that he had seen 
Rob? Williams lately arrived from Charles town, but last from Bristol, 
where is upon returning about monday next, but first desired he might 
wait on me. That he found him speak very well of Georgia, and had 
brought no petitions or papers of complaint against the Trustees, but 
said MT Bofin had brought petitions from Savannah to the King, the 
H. of Lords, & H. of Comons, which he promised to deliver in person, 
but on the contrary had put them into the hands of Mf Mackay of the 
City a Broker for the Carolina Merchants. 



1741-2.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 397 

Jan7 12. Mr Verelts acquainted me that he had seen M 1 . Tho. Chris- 
tie, and express'd to him his surprise that he had not attended him 
after many messages, to go to the Comissioners of the Customs and 
offer Security for his faithfull discharge of the Comission we had given 
him to be Naval Officer at Savannah. 

M? Christie reply'd that Andrew Grant was lately arrived from 
Georgia, & told him Mr Tho. Jones had seized on his house for debt, 
wherefore he resolv'd never to return to Georgia whilst Jones re- 
main'd there. 

Jan? 13. The Earl of Shaftsbury, Mr Vernon & I waited on the L? 
Chancellor & Master of the Rolls, with our Annual Ace* of Receipts 
& disbursments to 9 June 1741. 

I took an opportunity to speak of the Carolina pamphlet lately re- 
printed here, and dispersed in many hands, composed by some discon- 
tented Inhabitants of Georgia, who being dissappointed in their views 
of growing suddenly rich, had retired to Carolina and Cast reproaches 
on the Trustees because they would not alter their Plan of Gover- 
nment to answer the views of those discontented & Interested Men. 
That their chief demand was the use of Negroes, which the Trustees 
neither could nor would allow : they could not, because his Majesty 
had past a law against them which the Trustees could not repeal, and 
they would not apply to his Majesty to repeal that law, because their 
judgment continues that the law ought to subsist, for if Negroes were 
to be admitted, the Safty of the Colony would be endanger'd, and 
the Trustees who are entrusted with the care of it, could not take a 
step that must hazard the loss of it. Yet we have a great deal of cen- 
sure & scandal thrown upon us. That if his Majesty or the Parliament 
would admit of Negroes, it would then be their Act alone, and if any 
mischief follow'd from it we should be disculped, in the mean time we 
suffer'd in our reputation from the influence of these unreasonable 
clamours, and particularly from the above mentioned pamphlet, and 
the endeavours of the Authors and those they have influenced, to dis- 
uade the sober part of the Inhabitants from labour, and quit the Col- 
ony as themselves had done, that they may be justified in all their 
railings & misrepresentations of which that pamphlet is full. 

My Lord reply'd, that no body could think but that the Trustees 
have acted with honour, & to the best of their judgments. He then 
asked when we heard last from Georgia : I answered not for a consid- 
erable time, but we had received a state of the Colony given in our 



398 TRANSACTIONS OF THE |" Januai 7> 

Town Court of Savannah upon Oath of all who were present who were 
willing to sign & swear the same, which we believed would have more 
weight w*? 1 such as think Oathes are to be regarded, than the things 
published not upon Oath by passionate and self Interested Men. That 
we had wrote for it during the last Session of Parliament, but it did 
not arive time enough. 

My Lord said such an Ace* ought to be regarded. 

Jan7 15. MT Bofin acquainted me with the following particulars : 

1. That Tho. Stephens is endeavouring to be Agent for the Colony 
of Georgia, and is engaging persons to subscribe a paper to that effect : 
that some substantial persons had accordingly signd. I told him 
none but the Trustees can make him Agent, but We are on the spot 
and want none, neither should he be it of all men living. That prob- 
ably he has proposed this to the Malecontents of our Colony, in order 
to obtain a maintenance and under a fancied character & authority to 
counter act & oppose the Trustees in England. 

He said he was a vain man, and when he was in Georgia, spoken of 
as a person not fit to be entrusted with business. 

2. He said he lately was in company with Robert Williams, who 
ask'd him what he had done with the Savanah petition to the King ? 
he reply'd given it to Mr Mackay as was directed : will he (said Wil- 
liams) present it to the King? No reply'd Bofin, & I believe will not. 
Then said Williams I will present the Copy I brought over. To this 
My. Bofin ask'd to what purpose ? you must think it very dangerous 
and unsafe to have Negroes in Georgia at this time : I acknowledge 
it (said Williams) but unless that danger be run, the Colony must 
sink, for none that stay in it can live. 

I said the general safety of the Colony was the first thing to be re- 
garded, & particularly by those who have the care of it entrusted to 
them : if his Majesty or the Parliam! should think it proper to suffer 
Negroes, and so order or recomend to us, then whatever consequences 
arose from it would ly at their door, & the Trustees would be disculp'd, 
but otherwise we would not admit of Negroes on Our own head, neither 
could we if willing, for we cannot repeal his Majesties Act. It may be 
said indeed that if we apply 'd to his Majesty for a repeal it would be 
granted, but if granted on our application, and the mischief we appre- 
hend from it should follow, we should be obraided with having mislead 
his Majesty. Williams, said I, has no further view than to be the 
supplyer of the Colony with Negroes, being intent upon getting, with- 
out respect to the general good. 



1741-2.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 399 

He reply'd he beleived so, but the general good ought to take place 
of all. 

3. We then discours'd of the prospect we had of a considerable en- 
crease of silk and wine next year. 

He then read part of a letter he lately received from America, in- 
forming him that Patrick Graham Surgeon at Savannah (a most in- 
dustrious Planter had made this year 50 £ by mulberry seeds which 
he collected at Purysburg, and after putting them in his ground, and 
letting them rest till they shot up as big a straw, sold them to his 
Neighbours at a penny a plant. That he beleived there will be next 
year 3 times the quantity of silk made as was last year. 

4. Also that Baillou is a great Improver of Vines : on which I told 
him, he this last year made 13 gallons of wine. 

5. I complain'd to him of the Impertinence of ST Ri. Everard in 
coming into Georgia where he had nothing to do, and giving bad law 
advice to the Malecontents there, whom he encouraged in their in- 
solent behaviour to the Magistrates : that I heard he boasted of much 
Interest here and flatterd himself that if he could get the Trustees re- 
moved, he could get himself made Governour of the Provinces : 

He reply'd he beleived he meant well to the people who consulted 
him, but that he is young and conceited. 

6. He desired my opinion whether he should not sign a certificate 
in favour of M 1 . Norris our late Minister at Frederica, being so desired 
by him, who has a memorial to present the Incorporate Society, 
wherein he complains very hardly of Gen! Oglethorpe, and the Magis- 
trates. 

I shew'd him the affidavits sent us of his getting his maid w*. h child, 
and his persuading her to lay it to another man, and left it to his own 
judgment whether he could certify in favour of such a man : 

He said he had heard this thing, but not knowing or beleiving it 
true, he did think he could not refuse to give MT Norris a good Char- 
acter, but one of the affidavits he now read stagger'd him. 

7. At parting, he desired me to recomend him to Gen? Oglethorpe 
being desirous to live well with him. 

I reply'd if he was against Negroes, M? Oglethorpe would soon be 
his friend. 

Jan7 20. Cap* Tailfer acquainted me that he had seen Rob* Wil- 
liams two days ago, who said he was going into the City to a friend 
of his, a merchant, who had good access to the Prince, to desire him 



400 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

to present his Royal Highness with 1. the copy of the Savannah peo- 
ple's petition to the king, and 2. two affidavits made by his seamen, 
that when at Frederica, Gen! Oglethorpe imprison'd and threaten'd to 
whip them, unless they would swear certain things against him which 
the Gen! dictated to them. 

Jan? 21. 3. MF Verelts came to acquaint me that he yesterday saw 
Rob* Williams and had perfectly reconciled and pacified him so that 
he was sure he would do nothing injurious to the Trustees : and this 
he did by telling him that the Trustees had it under consideration to 
grant a bounty upon lumber exported to the Islands by the Inhabit- 
ants of the Colony. Robert Williams said thereupon that it would 
tend to re-people the Colony, and if they continued this till Augustine 
should fall into our hands, and then allowed of Negroes, or still con- 
tinued it, it would recover the Colony. 

4. He also told me that Mr Macloud late Minister at Darien, but 
now settled in Carolina, had wrote such letters against the Colony, 
that the Scotch Incorporate Society had resolv'd to pay for no other 
Minister at Darien. 

2 Feb". 18. [Present,] Archer Hen., Ayers RoW, Hales Stephen, Egmont, Pr., 
Lapotre Hen., Shaftsbury, Ch., Towers Tho., Vernon Ja., C. C, Heathcote S? 
Will., Percival Phil., T. T. 

A Common Council was sumon'd to consider of the method of the 
New Grants of land in Georgia, and the Tenures and conditions of 
them ; and for other business necessary to be done before the ship de- 
parts which sails the same Week : but the sailing was put off to the 
24*? 

1. As Trustees we read our petition to Parliament, & order'd Copies 
thereof to be made and given those of our Board who are Members of 
Parliament, and now absent. 

2. As Comon Council, we read the alteration made from time in the 
Tenures of the Inhabitants of Georgia, and refer'd the same to MT 
Ayers, W. Hen. Archer, Mf Bathurst and MT ! Tho. Towers to be finally 
methodised in order to be printed. 

3. We read Cap* Macphersons letter of Attorney to Mr Wrag, and 
the Captains affidavit of moneys due to him for services as Agent for 
the Trustees in the Indian Nation : he demanding the remainder of a 
sum for that service which the Trustees refused on the 9 March 1740 
to pay. The resolution of that day being read, with M? Wrag's recp*> 



1741-2.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 401 

on the back for the money at that time paid to the Capt" s use, we re- 
solv'd not to pay the remainder now demanded, but to leave M? Wrag 
to present the Cap*? s petition to the King for justice against us, which 
Wrag threaten'd to do. 

4. We read a letter of attorney sent by Jacob Mathews of Savannah 
to demand of the Trustees consideration for being Interpreter between 
the English & Indians, and to have a grant of 450 acres made out to 
him, being land made over to him by the Indians near Savannah : We 
resolv'd that nothing was due to him on account of being Interpreter, 
and that the expediency of granting him the land desired should be 
refer'd to Gen! Oglethorpe to report on. 

5. A Memorial of Robert Williams was read, clayming the sum of 
49<£ odd shillings for corn raised on his land since the bounty promised 
thereon : he alledged that Mr Tho. Jones refused to pay it to him al- 
ledging the bounty was design'd only to Freeholders, not Landholders, 
where as the promise was made to all without distinction. 

Accordingly we order'd him the money, he having made Oath in 
London to his demand. This money was due to him in 1738. 

6. We allow'd 10 £ more to the new Recorder of Savanah to find 
him conveniencies to go over, and leave was given him to take with 
him his Nephew MT Elliot as a servant. 

7. M* Bowler appear'd with written proposalls to go to Georgia 
and be Physician to the Northern District, but insisting on a promise 
to have his sallary assured to him for 3 years certain, and not being 
satisfied with a promise, that provided the Parliam! continued to sup- 
ply us so long, he should be paid it, he declined to go. 

8. We read a Memorial from Cap* Horton, desiring that certain 
women and children desirous to go over with the soldiers he is carry- 
ing to Gen! Oglethorpe, might have their passage given them, and 
some maintenance till the ship should sail. 

We agreed that it would help to people the Colony, that Women 
should go over, who would soon get husbands among the soldiers, and 
be an inducement to those soldiers to settle in the Colony when the 
time of their service should expire : and therefore Order'd that 30 head 
of women & children should go, the freight of whom would come to 
180 <£, and that 6 pence a day should be allow'd them for their main- 
tenance till they were ship'd. 

9. ST Will. Heathcote produced a letter from Hen. Myers a very In- 
dustrious Freeholder at Frederica, to his friend in London, speaking 
well of the town, and condemning the actions of some Malecontents 

51 



402 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [February, 

lately gone away, whom he wish'd might not return, he complain'd of 
their idle factious humour, and scandalous reports made by them of 
the Colony. He said the people had lately found a better and neater 
way of building than with brick, w c . h is by mixing lime and Oyster- 
shells, and whilst moist squeezing them in square boxes of wood which 
gave them a smooth face and regular shape, and was durable. 

Cap* Hortdn told me that he is a most industrious man, wholly given 
to planting by which he maintains 8 children, saying his children in- 
stead of being a charge to him are worth gold. 

4 feby 1741 / 2 This day arrived at the Office a copy of Col. 
Stephens journal, the Original of which was lost by the ship's founder- 
ing at sea as formerly noted. This journal was from 5 October to 28 
Nov b . r 1740. 

At the same time arrived his journal from 22 Sept br to 28 October 
1741 

And his letter accompanying it, to M? Verelts dat 29. Oct. 1741 

The substance of the last mentioned journal is as follows 

1. The prodigious uneasiness & obstinacy of M r . s Camuche the silk 
woman, let what would be done to please her : which obliges him to 
advise the sending over some other silk winder : till when she must be 
gratified at any rate, the success of the silk depending on her. 

2. That tis evident the silk will annually encrease more and more. 

3. That pursuant to the Trustees order, a very neat and exact Map 
of the North part of Georgia was carrying on by One Avery, tho at a 
great cost, being allow'd 10 shillings p day the usual pay, in which he 
is assisted by 4 Trust servants. 

4. That on the 28 Sept br his son (who arrived in Charlestown the 
middle of August before, came for the first time to Savannah, where 
he negotiated the drawing up a new paper against the Trustees pro- 
ceedings sign'd by above 30 hands, and was elected Agent for the 
malecontents to act for them by a discretionary power in England, and 
a subscription had been raised among them for that End. that on the 
28 October he finally departed the Colony to return to Carolina, after 
being threatned by the Col. his father to be seized as a disturber of 
the Colony, and an agent for the Enemies of this & our other Prov- 
inces. 

5. That the L! Gov? and Assembly of Carolina were projecting a 
petition to the king to send them some Aid for their defence, for they 
did not look on Georgia under the Regulations they now are to be a 



1741-2.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 403 

defence, and intimating to him, that it would be a benefit to both 
Provinces if he would take Georgia into his own hands, and appoint a 
Gov? and Council to direct all affairs. 

6. That he found his son was returnd to Carolina to promote this 
affair. 

7. That if this were effected, (and which was the principal view of 
it) the Carolinians who had formerly grants in Georgia would dis- 
possess the present Possessors of them, and of the greatest part of the 
Sea Coast which had been run out by those Carolinians, and Bewly 
(the Colonels own Property) would be claymed. 

8. That on the 7*. h October the new Constitution of Goverm* ap- 
pointing Col. Stephens President of the Northern Division, was read, 
and insolently received by the Malecon tents then in Court. 

9. That Will. Woodrofe said he found no ease therein given the 
people : & is a prime Malecontent 

10. That Ja. Campbell is another 

11. . . . Ormston another 

12. Andrew Duchee continues so 

13. And J? Fallowfeild, tho he gives out he will sign no more 
papers 

14. Will. Ewen another 

15. & Jacob Mathews 

16. That Ja. Campbell had desisted from reading the Publick Ser- 
vice. 

17. That Tho. Ormston, Will. Woodrofe, Will. Ewen, J? Lyndal, 
and Peter Morell were by the Malecontents appointed Correspondents 
with Tho. Stephens when returnd to England, for carrying on their 
affairs. 

18. That many new Settlers had been put into vacant lots, and 
others would come from the Northern part of S. Carolina to settle, 
but it would be highly necessary for the Trustees to adjust the time 
for absentees to return and re-occupy their lotts, or else to forfeit 
them. 

19. This appeard plain to him that Savannah and its neighborhood 
will inspight of all malice be again replenished with at least as many 
Inhabitants and more than ever heretofore, of such as will be indus- 
trious. 

20. That necessary care is taken for the reception of the last Embar 
kation of Saltsburghers : but the Trustees orders were not clear con- 
cerning the other Germans sent this year. 



404 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [F ebruai 7> 

21. That many complaind unjustly of being denyed their due, they 
owing more to the Trustees than their demands. 

22. That flower was excessive dear : 1£ sterl. p hundred. 

9 feb7 1741 / 2 This day Mr Verelts acquainted me 

1. That the box of silk made in Georgia containing 45 p d weigh ar- 
rived some days ago by Cap* Beach. 

2. That Tho. Stephens arrived in the same ship. 

3. That Mr Tho. Archer, and Cap* Eyles had sent their resignations 
of Cohlon Council Men to the Office. 

ISfeb? 19. [Present,] Ayers RoW, Ch., Digby Edw?, Egmont, Pr., Lapotre Hen., 
LaRoch J?, Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson Adam, Heath- 
cote Sr Will., T. T. 

A Comon Council was sumond to proceed to business, and settle 
the petition to Parliam*. To read letters recieved and finish all busi- 
ness. 

1. As C. Council we read Col. Stephens letter to Mr Verelts dat. 
29 Octobr wherein among other things he inforin'd him that John Pye 
was reformed, & had quitted the Malecontent party. 

2. We also read a letter from John Pye himself to the Trustees to 
the same effect dat. 27. Oct. 1741. 

3. Thereupon we came to a resolution that two dormant Commis- 
sions should be seald and sent to Col. Stephens, to be made use of as 
he should think most expedient : the One Appointing Mr Cha. Watson 
(thd new Recorder of Savannah) to be 3? Bailif in Room of Mr Tho. 
Jones (who should succeed 2? Bailif in room of Mr John Fallowfeild 
to be turnd out for his abominable behaviour in heading the discon- 
tented Party and signing a scandalous petition against the Trustees). 

The other for appointing Mr Tho. Jones 2? Bailif as above men- 
tioned. 

I apprehend the use Col. Stephens will make of them will be the 
turning out Bailif Fallowfeild, and continuing J? Pye Recorder. We 
seal'd both Comissions. 

4. A letter from Hen. Myerhover, Christian joubert, J. Henney and 
Abraham Greeney dat. 16. April 1741 was read, praying to be paid 
sums due to them for labour in 1738 which Mr Tho. Jones refused 
to do. 

Their demand being certified as due by our Comissiones of Accounts, 
We orderd payment of them : the reason why Mr Jones did not pay 



1741-2.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 405 

them was, that this was work done before an estimated Ace* was 
settled for such purposes, and he had neither money nor orders for 
paying them. 

5. Read a letter from Col. Oglethorpe to the Trustees dat. 12 Nov. 
1741 desiring we would pay 25<£ sterl. to Patrick Graham for mulberry 
plants bought of him for the people at Frederica who were now going 
upon the silk. 

The same was orderd. 

6. Orderd that 200 £ be laid out in England for powder, ball, &c 
for presents to the Indians. 

7. Order'd that Col. Will. Stephens (now President of the Northern 
Division of the Province) be made a justice of Peace, 

8. Application was made by MT Oakes that the Trustees would be 
pleased to pay the passage of his son to England : but the Comon 
Council refused it, as being no reasonable request, & of ill example. 

9. We seal'd Col. Stephens Comission to be justice of Peace, 

10. We order'd an Impress of 500,£. 

11. The Trustees read MT Tho. Archers resignation of the office of 
Comon Counsellor, dat. 3. ins* 

12. Also Cap* Eyles resignation of the same dat. 11. ins*. 

13. They also finally determined the petition to Parliament for a 
further supply, and desired MT Hen. Archer & ST Will 1 ? Heathcote to 
shew it to MT Sandys Chancellor of the Exchequer, to obtain his Maj- 
esty's approbation. 

14. We read Col. Stephens letter to MT Verelts dat. 29. Oct. 1741 
wherein he acquaints him that the light house at Tybee will very soon 
be erected stronger than before. 

That he had fill'd up all the known vacant lots : 

And would gladly know what course should be taken w th other Lots 
whose owners had deserted the Colony, there being several persons 
desirous to take the same. 

S^ Will. Heathcote, Mr Vernon, Mr Lapotre and I dined together at 
the horn tavern. 

1. 18 Feb? 1741 / 2 MT Cha. Watson the lately appointed Recorder 
of Savafiah and his Nephew Elliot : and MT J? Doble Register of the 
Province & schoolmaster at Savannah ship'd for Georgia. 

2. 20 feb7 1741 / 2 MT Sloper sent his resignation of his Office of 
Comon Counceller, In the room of him, MT Tho. Archer, and Cap*. 



406 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

Eyles, will be elected M? Hume Campbell, S? J? Barrington, and Mr 
Tuffnall, all members of Parliament. 

3. March 20. [Present,] Archer Hen., Digby Edw?, Pr., Egmont, Ch., Holland 
Rogers, Lapotre Hen., Page J°, Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Towers Tho., Vernon Ja., 
C. C, Anderson Ad?, Heathcote S? Will., T. T. 

A Comon Council was sumon'd to order sola Bills to be made out 
seal'd and sign'd, and sent over for defraying the Expences in Geor- 
gia from Lady day 1742. And to affix the seal to the Resolutions re- 
lating to the Grants and Tenure of Lands in Georgia, and order the 
same to be printed. And to consider of additional Trustees to be 
elected at the Gen* Meeting on the 18*. 11 of the said month. 

1. As a Comon Council, we read a letter of One Egerton a Chair- 
man in London, desiring his son who is now with bis Gr. father Tho. 
Young wheelright at Savannah, might have leave to return to Eng- 
land. 

Accordingly we order'd our Secretary to write to Col. Stephens to 
enquire of the boy, who tho a Minor is a freeholder of the Town, 
whether he is willing to come to England, & if so to let him return, 
his father paying his passage. We gave the mother a copy of the 
letter, who exprest her self well satisfied with the contents. 

2. MT Spencer's letter to be sent to Georgia at the Trustees charge, 
with his wife & 3 children, was read, & he attending in person we 
ask'd him several proper questions, to which he answer'd, that he was 
of the Town of Lemster and bred at a latin school till the age of 14. 
That at 17 he came to town and was six years a Clerk in the sword 
blade Company's Office. That he has since been near 14 years Clerk 
assistant to the Vintners Company, but being unhappily bound for a 
person who ran away, was reduced to seek for bread in some other 
Country, which the Assignees of the broken person would wink at, but 
could not grant him a lycence of absence. That he could get a cer- 
tificate in his favour from many of the Vintners Company, That if we 
pleased to send him and his family over, he would wait with patience 
till some Employment might fall in the Colony to be given him, and 
was able to carry with him about 50 £ in money, besides his hous- 
hold goods. We desired him to procure the certificates he mention'd, 
and to wait on My Vernon at the Excise Office to morrow with MF 
Beadle the Clerk of the Vintners Company. 

Several of our gentlemen not being present when this past, I told 
them that if this Man could bring proper certificates, he might prove 



1741-2.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 407 

a proper Magistrate and Assistant at Savannah, in the room of My 
Tho. Jones, who in his last letters had desired to resign, as finding 
himself of no use, the Inhabitants were so set against him. That he 
was the more proper, as he wrote a very good hand & understood Ac- 
compts, and we did not know any person in the Northern District of 
the Colony fit to make a Magistrate. The gentlemen were pleas'd to 
acquiesce in what I proposed. He is 39 years old, his eldest daughter 
14 years old, & his youngest 2. 

3. We Order'd 2000 ,£ sola bills to be made out for the service of 
the Estimate from Lady day 1742. 

4. We resolv'd that when My Tho. Towers should finish the revisal 
of the several alterations in the Inhabitants Tenures, that the same 
should be printed & sign'd by the Secretary to the number of 2000 : 
of which 500 to be sent forthwith to the Colony, to be annex'd to the 
peoples grants, and the other 1500 to be laid by for the same purpose, 
as new grants should be made. 

5. We Imprest on the Bank 200 £ to pay for Presents to be sent 
for the use of the Indians. 

As Trustees, 

6. We read an attestation from Col. Stephens, M? Parker, Mr Tho. 
Jones, M T . Rnssel, and M? Harris, that the 45 £ of silk lately sent 
from Georgia was the growth of Georgia, and Manufactured by M r . s 
Camuse there. MF Lapotre told us that he shew'd some of the best 
skeins to some persons in the City skilfull in silk, who comended it 
much, and said it was worth 20 shill. a pound. 

7. We read MT Slopers resignation of the Office of Comon Counsel- 
lor : which I suspect, from some conversation he had with that rascall 
Tho. Stephens, he was prevailed on to do, th6 he was never heartily 
embarked with us in the Trust. 

8. We amended our petition to Parliament, and agreed to desire My 
Hume Campbell to present it, and that My Digby should second it, 
who being present consented to it if no other could be found, but with 
some reluctance. My Vernon undertook to speak to My Hume Camp- 
bell. 

9. We agreed also that L4 Shaftsbury, S? Will. Heathcote and My 
Hen. Archer should wait on the Chancellor of the Exchequer and on 
the Speaker with it before it should be presented. 

10. We swore My J? Page into the Comon Council, who yet came 
with resolution to resign, he having been elected some years ago, but 
never attended ; so that he being ignorant of the state of our affairs, 



408 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

was disposed to withdraw himself, rather than take the Office upon 
him under his ignorance ; but M? Towers & I persuaded him to accept 
it assuring him he would soon inform himself of what is necessary for 
him to know. 

11. At this meeting MF Anderson shew'd me a copy of the late 
Minister at Darien (M? Macloud) his letter to the Scotch Society of 
Edinburgh, justifying his leaving his Flock at Darien, by casting much 
scandal upon Col. Oglethorpe as if he were the worst of Men. He 
also accuses the Trustees of opening the letters of private persons 
that come to their Office, and charges the acting Trustees as concealing 
their Transactions from the greater number of their body, who do not 
attend the business. The whole letter is a pack of lyes, to excuse his 
leaving the Colony, and accepting a Presbiterian Church in Carolina, 
which no doubt was the true reason why he left the Colony of Geor- 
gia. It appears that he had been well documented by the Malecon- 
tents in the Province, and particularly the Scotch Club at Charles- 
town, Patrick Tailfer, Hugh Anderson, David Douglass &c. 

4. March 1741-2. This morning D? Wilson visited me, and in 
discourse acquainted me, that M' Tho. Stephens lately arrived from 
Carolina brought a letter seal'd from MF Boltzius the Saltsburg Min- 
ister at Ebenezar to Mr Hen. Newman, and at delivering it into his 
hands, told him the Colony was quite abandon'd and the Saltsburgers 
going away. That soon after MF Stephens had left him He (D? Wil- 
son) happen'd to call on M? Newman who was in much concern & 
told him he was afraid to open the letter, for the Saltsburghers were all 
leaving the Colony. D T - Wilson thereupon took the letter from him, 
and being a Member of that Society open'd it, when he found those 
people so far from being disposed to quit the Colony, that Mf Boltzius 
wrote they were thankfull for the many blessings they enjoy'd, and 
particularly for so fine a crop of corn last harvest that they had not 
only sufficient for themselves, but for the rest of their Countrymen sent 
in September last, who were happily arrived that very day, and whom 
they were going with joy to meet. 

Thus is this Stephens found to be an egregious lyar, but there are 
so many proofs of it besides, that this new one gives me no surprise. 

1741 / 2 March 4 1. A boat purchass'd for the use of Isaac Gibbs 
and other settlers at Abercorn. 

2. William Parker petitions for 500 acres of land lying West of Ja. 



1741-2.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 409 

Andersons land, to hold the same by Lease, the same referd to the 

consideration of the Trustees, for their approbation. 

o TT7-11 tjiii^ ±. c "^ petition each for 500 acres South of 

m, -n,,,. ! little Ogeeky, and North of Great 

Iho. Ellis, ! s . J ' 

■p, _, ™ 1 rl ' Ogeeky rivers, to hold the same as 

the Trustees shall think fit, to whom 

their petition is refer'd. 



J? Pye 



8 March 21. [Present,] Archer Hen., Digby Edw., Ch., Egmont, Hales Stephe^ 
Lapotre Hen., LaRoch J?, Page J° , Shaftsbury, Smith Sam!, Towers Tho., Vernon 
Ja., C. C, Heathcote S! Will., Percival Phil., T. T. 

A Comon Council was summon'd to recieve a Report of a character 
of the new Magistrate intended for Savannah, and to seal his Consti- 
tution, he being to embark on thursday next ll*. 11 ins* 

Also to approve of the several Resolutions relating to the Grauts 
and Tenure of lands in Georgia before they are printed, w ? 1 the 
Referees desire to have done for duly authenticating the same, and 
to give them their proper force now they are settled by the Comon 
Council assembling for that purpose, pursuant to the direction of the 
Charter. 

1. MT Vernon, MT Smith, D? Hales & I, having met before the rest, 
were yet a sufficient number to make a Comittee, and consider MF 
Robert Williams's application to be paid a demand he had upon the 
Trustees of 49.16.0 for potatoes & pease raised on his plantation 
in Georgia, upon Encouragement promised before Michlemass 1739. 
He had made Affidavit that the quantity of potatoes and pease set 
down by him was raised on his plantation, and the only question was, 
whether Landholders were entitled to that bounty as well as Freehold- 
ers : M? Tho. Jones said he was not, and therefore would not pay it 
to Williams when in Georgia ; but Williams alledged the promise of 
that bounty was general, and so it appear'd to us ; wherefore we agreed 
to report to the Comon Council board, that this sum ought to be paid 
his demand, upon the affidavit made by him. 

2. Imprest 300 £ to pay sola bills lately return'd from Georgia. 
Our bills having at first been made payable to bearer, occasion'd an 
apprehension in Carolina, that in case they were taken in their re- 
turn home by the Spaniards during the War, the Owners might be 
defeated of payment, by the Captors enclosing them to some friend in 
London, who being the bearer would be entitled to payment. But 
by making them payable to Order that inconvenience was removed, 

52 



410 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

and with, it the objection to our bills, so that they have recover'd their 
reputation. 

3. The important affair of the Change of Tenures was at length 
finally determin'd : for in a full board we read the draft thereof para- 
graph by paragraph, and being unanimously approved without any 
amendment, we order'd the Seal to be put to it. The printing it when 
finish'd had been orderd before, and that a printed Copy sign'd by 
our Secretary should be annex'd to all Grants made heretofore, or shall 
be made hereafter. 

4. Upon MT Vernons report of the favourable character of M? Will. 
Spencer The Board appointed him 3? Bailif in the room of M T - John 
Fallowfeild as also Assistant to Col. William Stephens : and that 10<£ 
p head should be allow'd him for himself, his wife and 3 children, to 
pay his freight & furnish him with refreshments in his voyage. 

5. They also appointed MJ Charles Watson, (who a little before 
was made Bailif in Fallowfeilds place) to be 2 Bailif & Assistant 
in the room of Mf Tho. Jones 

6. I moved the board that they would come to a resolution to send 
a Calvinist German Minister for the use of the Germans sent last year 
and such servants to the Trust as are of that persuasion, it not only 
being right in itself that the worship of God should be kept up among 
them, but that it was good policy, for that it might be a means of 
keeping them in the Colony, and of bringing others of their Country 
men to joyn them who had substance of their own, and would be no 
burthen on the Trust. That this would be no additional charge ; be- 
cause in our Estimate there is an allowance for a Minister to preach 
to the Indians, which never took effect, no Minister having been sent 
on that particular Account, nor those we hitherto sent for the service 
of our Christian Inhabitants having made attempts that way, or if 
they did they found it unsuccessfull. 

The board agreed to it, and order'd a sallary of 40<£ p ann to such 
Minister, and a servant to be kept him. 

7. I also moved the board that it would be an act of great human- 
ity to the Inhabitants of the Northern district of Savannah to procure 
them a Physitian, there being at present neither Physitian, Apoth- 
ecary or Surgeon to attend them in sickness, as Col. Stephens wrote 
word. That there is indeed at the Orphan house one Hunter an 
Apothecary but he is idle & negligent, and there is also one Thylo 
a Saltsburger at Ebenezar. That this last has been 4 years in the 
Colony and it may be supposed has by this time learn'd some English. 



1741-2.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 411 

That the Saltsburghers represented him as an usefull man to them, 
and he might be so to the English. That one great complaint has 
been the great expence of white servants to their Masters, as well as to 
the Freeholders in general, when sick. That in our estimate there is 
150 £ p ann allow'd for the sick, of which Landholders had no benefit 
in favour of their servants. That it may be supposed that many have 
died and others lingerd long in sickness for want of help during the 
time they have been deprived of advice and Medecines. On all which 
accounts, I advised that Col. Stephens should be wrote to, to send for 
M* Thylo to Savannah, and endeavour to make an agreement with 
him to attend all the sick of the Northern division who should want his 
assistance, at an annual allowance of 50<£ p ann, and that a chest of 
medicines might every year be sent to him, which for 600 persons (at 
which I computed the number of Inhabitants in northern division) 
would as I had been informed cost 15£. 

The board approved the motion and past an order for it. 

8. My Verelts acquainted the board that ST RicM Everard that 
boutfew in Georgia, who came over to England with M? N orris to 
prossecute his malice against the Trustees died a few days ago. 

11. March 22 [Present,] Smith Sara!, Pr., Egmont, Lapotre Hen., C. C. 
A Comittee of Trustees was sumond to attend the sealing of sola 
bills going to Georgia : to affix the seal to the appointments order'd, 
and to the Petition to Parliament. 

1. We saw the seal put to 2000^6 sola bills 

2. Also to the petition to Parliam* 

3. Also to the Changes made in the Tenures of land. 

4. M? Keneth Baillie Ensign to the Darien Company of Rangers 
who was taken in the Action at Moosa, and was carry'd into Old Spain, 
from whence he made his escape to England, came to the Office, and 
among other things inform'd me 

5. That at Moosa there were 50 Darien Inhabitants, of whom sev- 
eral made their escape, about 5 or 6 were kill'd, and 16 taken prison- 
ers, all servants, and carry'd to the Havannah where (if living) they 
still are prisoners, except two, who being not able to march with the 
rest, were barbarously kill'd in his sight by the Spaniards, as they lay 
on the ground, their privy Members cut off & their heads, which were 
sent to Augustine. 

6. That Ensign Mackay, whom his Unkle Cap* Hugh Mackay 



412 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

brag'd to the Trustees as very valiant, and receiving 16 wounds, fled 
at the first discharge. That the Creek Indians fought stoutly and 
were kill'd, but the Uchee Indians ran away. 

7. That the siege of Augustine miscarry'd by Col. Oglethorpes not 
battering the town from the land side, and by Comodore Pierce's ill- 
management in not stopping a french ship laden with flowr, from 
whence the Garison was supply 'd with provision, without which they 
would have surrender'd. 

8. That 'twere not safe to allow of Negroes whilst Augustine re- 
mains in the Spaniards hands, but if taken it is necessary they should 
be allow'd, for the white Men ai'e not able to work some hours in the 
Sumer, and by frequent sickness are so great an expence to the Inhab- 
itants, that their labour will not quit cost. 

9. That 'tis the universal opinion in Georgia, that Rum punch is 
very wholsom, and would contribute to the health of the people : 

10. That the beer brew'd with Molossus is good but small, answer- 
able to small beer in England. 

11. That My Hawkins first Bailif of Frederica is not atall beloved 
by the Inhabitants. 

12. That Bailif Perkins who went away was a sensible man and 
one of the best men in Frederica. 

13. That Andrew Grant, now here, is a genteel good natured Man, 
and has taken a Plantation in Carolina. 

14. That Benjamin Mackintosh who left Darien had taken a plan- 
tation at Purysburg, and for encouragement had 4 Negroes imedi- 
atly advanced him. 

15. That David Douglass had taken a plantation there also. 

16. That numbers who have left the Colony would return if Ne- 
groes were allow'd, and many from Carolina would do so too. 

17. That if allow'd, it would not be so easie for them to run away 
as we imagine, because generally con find to their Masters Plantation, 
and unacquainted with the woods : and that they never go but when 
led by other Negroes who know the roads & passes. 

18. That our white Inhabitants are mortified to think that they 
really fare harder than the Negroes, who being allow'd land & 
Sunday to work for themselves are no charge to speak of to their 
Masters, and sell the little produces they raise for money. 

19. That Bailif Parker is a perfect sot. 

20. That there is the finest ship timber in the Colony both strait 
and crooked that can be, but it cannot be exported to advantage be- 



1741-2.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 413 

cause white labour is too dear, and because the return for it in Rum is 
prohibited. 

21. That M? Andrew Grant inform'd him all the Rangers of Da- 
rien had left the Colony, because MT Oglethorpe had not perform'd his 
promise of taking them on the King's pay. 

22. That a man thoroughly industrious might make a shift to live 
poorly in the Colony, but the English cannot submit to live as poor 
as the Saltsburghers. 

13 March. L? Shaftsbury, ST Will. Heathcote, MF Hen. Archer, 
& I waited on the Earl of Wilmington, and on the Speaker to shew 
them our petition to Parliament. 

15 March. We four waited also on M? Sandys Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, to present him our petition, and desire he would obtain 
his Majesties consent, which he promised, 

23. And accordingly this day M? Hume Campbell presented it, & 
MT Digby seconded it : but to our astonishment, when the question 
was put to refer it to the Comittee of Supply, and the Speaker had 
given it for the Ayes, S* John Hynd Cotton cry'd the Noes had it, & 
dividing the house, the Noes who staid in were 194, but the Ayes who 
went out but 181 : so the petition being lost, the Colony is lost with 
it, it not being possible to carry it on without money. 

I imediatly told My Verelts, that we ought to have a sumons of 
our Members on Wednesday next to consider what was to be done, w c . h 
must be the surrender of our Charter. 

It was observed that most of the Walpolian Party voted in favour 
of the Motion, and several Members exprest their displeasure and sur- 
prise, that a Colony should be thus given up, without the least enquiry 
into the utility or condition of it, or the consequence which might 
follow upon it. Col. Bladen said the Nation might repent it, others 
that this affront on the Trustees would for the future prevent Gentle- 
men from serving their Country for nothing, &c all which was private 
conversation whilst the house was dividing : for when the motion was 
made to refer the petition to the Comittee of Supply, it was so much 
a thing of course, that no body imagined there would be occasion to 
shew reasons for supporting the Colony, the time for that being when 
the Comittee should sit, and the necessary sum for this years service 
proposed. 

16 March. M? Verelts came to me, to acquaint me that the two 



414 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [March, 

MF Archers, & My Tho. Towers were in great indignation that our 
Petition had been rejected : that they were of opinion it is retrieva- 
ble by a motion in the supply, and they were sure the Court party 
would carry it, in case L? Carteret were brought into favouring 
the Colony, as rnajr be expected from the concern he has in the Quit- 
rents. And that Sy J? Barnard should be spoke to make a motion in 
the Comittee for granting a sum to his Majesty for the service of 
Georgia, w ? 1 they hoped he would do, in case L? Carteret would obtain 
his Majesties letter to the house for that purpose, or his orders to My 
Sandys to signify his pleasure. That if this could obtain, we should 
never need petition more but proceed by motion. L* Shaftsbury 
promised to mention it to L^ Carteret in the house this day. 

To our great surprise My Cary who had with so much satisfaction 
and expressions of wishing well & having a good opinion of the Col- 
ony, accepted to be a Trustee, voted for dropping our petition. 

In the evening My Vernon & I met at my L? Shaftsbury's, and 
drew up a representation of the case the Colony is in unless further 
supported, and we agreed to have gentlemens opinion upon it to mor- 
row at the meeting, and if approved, to give it to L? Carteret. 

I desired my L? Shaftsbury to speake to M 1 - Pulteney and the D. of 
Arguile on this, and to give each of them the printed State of the 
Colony, and the last printed journal. 

17. March 23. [Present,] Archer Hen., Digby Edw?, Egmont, Hales Steven, La- 
potre Hen., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Vernon Ja., Towers Tho., C. C, Anderson 
Ad?, Archer Tho., Heathcote S? Will., Percival Phil., T. T. 

A Common Council & board of Trustees was sumon'd to consider 
of a proper Representation to the king of the present Situation of the 
Trust created by his Majesties Charter, & of the Inhabitants of Georgia 
settled under the Authority of the Same ; and to pray his Majesties 
directions thereupon for the protection and Assistance of his Subjects 
in Georgia, The Trustees being unable without support to answer 
his Majesties gracious Intentions of making this a Frontier Colony. 

1. We agreed to a state of our case to be laid before my L£ Car- 
teret and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, and to take my Lords 
advice how to proceed. 

18 March 24 [Present,] Archer Hen., Digby Edw?, Egmont, Pr., Hales Steph?, 
Lapotre Hen., Shaftsbury, Smith Sam., Towers Tho., Vernon Ja., C. C, Ander- 
son Ad 1 ?, Archer Tho., Burton, Heathcote S? Will., Percival Phil., T. T. 

This being the Anniversary day, The Gentlemen here mention'd met 



1741-2.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 415 

at the Vestry room of S* Brides Church, & after the general abstracts 
of the Trustees Acc* s and Transactions since 9 June 1741 were given 
by the Accomptant & read, 

1. We elected 3 Comon Counsellors, & one Trustee : viz. 
Hume Campbell Esq \ 

ST John Barrington B* > Trustees & Comon Counsellors 

Sam? Tuffnall Esq ) 

Hen. Calthrope Esq . . . Trustee. 

2. We then went to Church, and DF Best gave us a good sermon, 
dwelling long upon the Carolina printed pamphlet and vindicating the 
Trustees from the scandals therein flung upon the Trustees. 

I cought a great cold at Church which confind me some days. 

21 March 1741 [-2]. 3. This day U Shaftsbury M! Digbby, S? 
Will. Heathcote and Mr Vernon waited by appointment on L? Car- 
teret, who advised the Trustees to present a Memoral to his Majesty of 
the necessity they are under for further support, which my Lord sayd 
he would himself present and back. M? Winnington happend then to 
be with my Lord with who M? Vernon had smart talk upon his voting 
and speaking ag s * the Colony the other day, and M r Winnington sayd 
he beleived he would make a convert of him. They afterwards waited 
on L? Wilmington who received them in his usual curteous manner 
but appeared no friend to us. He asked what number of people had 
been sent by the Trustees ? they answerd above 1800, then how 
many at any time were there ? thy said about 2000, then how many 
were there now ? they said about 1400. 

1 741 / 2 March 19 1. J9 Pye Clerk to the Court of President and 
Trustees accused by them to the Trustees of publishing their debates 
and Transactions 

25 March 1742. 25. [Present,] Ayers Rob', Barrington Sf J?, Digby Edw?, La- 
potre Hen., Shaftsbury E., Tuffnall Sam!, Vernon Ja., Pr., C. C, Calthrope 
Hen., Gough S? Hen., Heathcote S! Will., Pereival Phil., T. T. 

1. A Trustee board was summond to swear in the new Members, 
and accordingly ST J? Barrington & Mr Tuffnal had the Oath of Of- 
fice administerd to them as Comon Counsellors 

2. They prepared a memorial to be presented to his Majestie for 
the further support of the Colony, which being seald & countersignd 
by the Secretary, the Secretary was orderd to carry it to my L? Car- 
tereret with the Trustees desire that he would present it to the king. 



416 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

3. Accordingly Mr Martyn carryd it that evening to my Lord who 
said he would give it his Majesty but that L? Wilmington and MT 
Sandys appeard difficult therein. 

26 March 1741 / 2 1. This day My Verelts came to acquaint me 
that Cap* Tailfer is willing to make affidavit that young Stephens told 
him the Trustees application to Parliament for money was all a cheat 
for they parted the money between them. 

2. Also that Stephens had been at the Clerk of the Councils Office 
to let the Clerks know he was preparing a petition to the king in 
Council against the Trustees. 

29 March 1742 Arrived 

1. A letter from Col Oglethorpe to SF Rob* Walpole dat 7 Dec. 
1741 giving ace* of what he judged necessary for the defence of the 
Colony 

2. Also another from him to My Verelts to the same purpose dat 
The same time 

3. Also a letter from MT J? Terry dated Dec. 1741 from Savannah 
giving Ace! that on the 2. of that month he landed with the Salts- 
burgers of whom none died in the passage, neither of the Recruits for 
Oglethorpes Regiment, but that of the 172 Swiss & germans carryd in 
the Europa Cap* Wadham who arrived the 4*. h upwards of 40 died on 
board and near as many since they landed. 

4. He complaind of Cap! Leman and especialey of the Inhabitants 
of Savannah comparing them to human snakes much more dangerous 
than the Rattle snakes. 

5. That Oglethorpe was gone upon an expedition against Augus- 
tine. 

1741/2 April 2. 6. Grant made to Will. Barbo of lot N? 6 in 
Holland Tything 

3. 7. It is thought proper to buy a Pilot boat for Ja. Dormer 
8. The Widow Langford deceased. 

1 April 1742 And this day he [Mr. Verelts] came to tell me 
Stephens has lodged his petition for repeal of the Negro and Rum 
Act and that females may have liberty to inherit, which last has been 
granted by the Trustees 



1742.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 417 

2 April 1742 This day Mr Verelts acquainted me that the Trus- 
tees Representation to his Majesty had been presented by L? Car- 
teret, who at the same time told Mr Verelts that the king had a good 
opinion of the Colony but his Ministers knew not how to advise him 
to order the Chancellor of the Exchequer to propose again the affair 
to the house nor did my Lord know how to advise the Trustees in it 

I told MF Verelts this was a genteel dropping of the whole affair, 

6 I saw nothing left but to resign the Trust, for since both the Min- 
istry and Pari! shew so little concern for the Colony it were unbe- 
coming us and barbarous to the people to feed them up with hopes 
of further support which has this year been deny'd us. That more 
clamour will rise against us than hitherto if we should flatter the 
people with expectations we had not means to make good and it shews 
us too fond of a trust not agreable to the publick. 

3 April This day Mr Verelts wrote me that there is no reason to 
doubt of a supply early in the next session of Parliam* on the credit 
of which vote we may send over sola bills which cannot return for 
payment before the money is paid out of the Trasury. 

I am surprised MF Hen Archer (who so informd My Verelts) 
should be so zealous for continuing the Trust, whom himself so little 
attends it. 

7 April 1742. 26. [Present,] Archer Hen., Digby Edw. d , Lapotre Hen., Shafts- 

bury, Smith Samuel, Tuff nail Sam!, C. C, Percival Phil., T. 

A Trustee board was sumond to consider of proper methods to in- 
form the House of the state and Importance of the Colony of Georgia 
and what should be done in relation to the petition presented to the 
king in council against the Trustees by Tho. Stephens 

1. They agreed that one of the Board should move the house to 
call for the Trustees late Representation to the King 

2. And MT Digby said if he moved any thing it should be to con- 
sider and refer to the Comittee of Supply the Representation of the 
Trustees to the house which is prepared for that purpose 

3. MT Verelts acquainted the gentlemen that the Council board 
had orderd the Trustees a copy of Stephen's's petition. 

II April 1742 4. This day the Comittee of Council served the 
Trustees with an order to answer the complaints of Tho. Stephens 
petition as soon as possible. 

53 



418 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [April, 

1742. April 14 1. Gen? Oglethorpe insists w* Col. Stephens that 
the lot of MT Kelleway deceasd should be given to Papot tho Kelle- 
way left heirs, which the Court of President and Assistants refuse, 
knowing that heirs were left, and Papot being already possest of 2 
lotts in the town. 

1742 April 29. 2. Abraham Minis paid 20 shillings for the loss 
of his boat 

15 April 1742 This day when it was past four a clock, M? Hen. 
Archer obtaind leave of the house to make 3 motions : 1. That the 
Trustees of Georgia should lay before the house an Ace* of the money 
given by Parliament to his Majesty last year for the support of the 
Colony. 

2. That an humble address be made to his Majesty to lay before 
the house the Representation sent to him by the Province of Carolina 
in 1740 

3. And that his Majesty be likewise addrest to lay before the house 
the lata Representation of the Trustees. 

4. MF Verelts came to me at night and told me no body opposed 
these motions, thS the house was pretty full and L? Gage there. 

5. That SF John Barnard sitting among a parcell of Scotch Members 
One of them said he had seen a pamphlet wrote by some of his Coun- 
trymen which if true, the Colony must be in a very bad condition, 
but another replyd the Colony must be supported which ST J? Bar- 
nard repeated but added the Trustees were honest gentlemen and he 
beleived proceeded to the best of their judgment, but they pursued a 
Plan he could not understand 

27'? April 27\ b [Present,] Egmont, Hales Steph :, Lapotre Hen., Page Jf, 
Shaftsbury, Smith, Towers Tho., iTuffnal Sam!, Vernon Ja., C. C, Anderson 
Adam, Archer Tho., Percival Phil., T. T. 

A Trustee board was summond to consider of the Authority under 
which My Tho. Stephens pretends to act as Agent for the people of 
Georgia And to consider of the necessary proceedings in the House of 
Comons this Session of Parliament for the support of the Colony, on 
which occasion ST J? Barnard has agreed to confer with such of the 
Trust who are Members of Parliament. 

No body in the chair 



1742.] TRUSTEES OF GEORGIA. 419 

1. We agreed upon an answer to Tho. Stephens petition to the 
Privy Council, 

2. We agreed that SF Conyers Darcy should be desired to present 
the Representation of Carolina of the year 1740 and the Trustees 
Memorial to the king (for which the house addrest his Majesty) on 
fryday next, when ST John Barnard acquainted some of our board 
that he thought it proper the Utility of the^Colony should be enquired 
into before those papers should be refer'd to the Comittee of Supply : 
but he declined to discourse with the Trustees, saying it would be only 
hearing one side 

30 April 1742. 28 [Present,] Barrington, S? J°, Digby Edw d , Egmont, Lapotre 
Hen., Page J?, Shaftsbury, Tuffnall Sam., Vernon Ja., C. C, Archer Tho., Cal- 
thrope Hen., Percival Phil., T. T. 

All the Trustees were sumond again to peruse the Answer to the 
Committee of Council and advise how those among us who are Mem- 
bers of the House should proceed upon the delivery of the papers 
which the king was addrest to lay before the house 

1. We finish'd our answer to Stephens petition and order'd it to be 
wrote fair intending to give it in on thursday next 

2. We agreed that as soon as SF Conyers Darcy presented this 
morning the papers addrest for MF Digby should rise & complain to 
the house of a virulent Libel printed by Stephens against the Trus- 
tees (call'd the Case of the people of Georgia) given by him to divers 
Members and sign'd by him under the character of Agent to the 
people of Georgia : and that Mr Digby should move that he might be 
demanded whether he sign'd that Libel ; but he mentioned the thing 
so calmly and indifferently that the house gave him no attention 
neither did any other Member of our board who were present say 
one word, which gave MF Cary opportunity immediatly to rise & 
present a petition to the house in the name of said Stephens Agent 
for the Inhabitants of Georgia, and he moved it might be referd to a 
private Comittee. Against which our Members said nothing, and 
Aid? Heathcot told the house, he had left the board because of sev. 
eral steps they had taken which he did not approve such as the strict- 
ness of the Tenures, and their procuring the Act for regulating the 
Indian trade, which had occasioned great animosity between the Col- 
onys of Georgia and Carolina. 

My son happening to be in the house opposed referring Stephens 
petition to a private Comittee, saying he knew what would be the 



420 TRANSACTIONS OF THE [May, 

consequence of that, a dozen prejudiced members would attend it and 
make a partial report. That the Enquiry into the state of Georgia 
was of a serious consideration, and deserved the attention of the whole 
house when it would appear that the Trustees who are a set of gentle- 
men of great honour had been scandalously treated without doors and 
unjustly reviled, which he could justify in affirming, being nearly re- 
lated to one of them and having an opportunity to know much of that 
matter & of their conduct He therefore moved An enquiry might be 
made by the whole house. SF John Barnard seconded him, and so 
the consideration of the petition was order'd to be this day sennit be- 
fore the house. 

3. May. 29 [Present,] Bathurst Hen., Digby Edw?, Egmont, Lapotre Hen., 
Shaftsbury, Smith Sam!, Pr., Tuffnall Sam!, Vernon Ja., C. C, Percival Phil., 
Heathcote Sf Will, T. T. 

A Trustee board was summond to seal our answer to Tho. Ste- 
phens petition to the king & Council : and to consider how to proceed 
in Pari! in answer to Stephens petition to the house of Comons. 

1. We review'd our Answer to the Privy Council and put the seal 
there to, and orderd